Rid of Tan,
lean and Freckles
Ac *? :n.-«>antly. Stops the burning.
Ot-nrß your complexion of Tan and
jitrruEhes. You cannot know how
;; j~d it is until you try it. Thous
ands of women say it is beft of all
I'sautifiers and heals Sunburn
quickest. Don't be without it a
"'■y longer. Get a bottle now. At
vour Druggist or by mail diredt
>5 cents for either color. White.
.yes MFG. CO., 40 So. sth St. Brooklyn. N.Y.
Graham, N. C.
A valuable mineral spring J
has been discovered by W. H. 1
Ausley on his place in (iraham. 1
It was noticed that it brought ]
health to the users of the water, 1
and upon being analyzed it was
found to be a water strong in J
mineral properties and good
for stomach and blood troubles. 2
Physicians who have seen the *
analysis and what it does, J
recommend its use. 2
Analysis and testimonials 1
will be furnished upon request. '
Why buy expensive mineral
waters from a distance, when
\here is a good water recom
mended by physicians right at
borne? For further informa
tion and or the water, if you [
desire if apply to the under- 1
W. H. AUSLEY. ;
Vest Pocket Memo.,
For Sale Al
Graham, N. C.
We take pleasure in announcing
that any of our readers can secure
a pretty 1917 pocket diary, free ol
charge by sending the postage
therefor, two cents in stamps, to
D. owift & Co., Patent Attorneys,
_ Washington, D. C. The diary is a
gold mine of useful information,
contains the popular and electoral
vote received by Wilson ana
Hughes from each State in 191b, ana
also by Wilson, Roosevelt and'l'afl
in 1912; states tne amount of thi
principal crops produced in eac
State in 1916; gives the census pop
ulation of eacn State in J B9O, ant;
1910: the population of about o
of the largest cities in the Uniteo
States, a synopsis of business laus
patent laws, Household recipes a>
much other useful information. lh.
diary would cost you 2ic at a boo
store. For three cents in stamp
we will send a nice wall calendai
10x11 inches. Send five one-cent
•tamps and get the diary and cal
Chance to Bee a Thrill.
Hotel Attendant—"Get your head
out of the elevator shaft What's the
matter wjlth you?" Uncle Eben —"Just
a minute, son. There's a fellow Just
made an ascension In that durn thing,
and I'm going to watch him make the
My heart Is full and I feel that hap
piness Is simple like a meadow flower.
... I look around me and see the
silent aky and flowing water-and fed
that happiness Is spread abroad as
simply as a smile on a child's face,—
"Well, Henry," 1 said to my neigh
bor's Uttle boy. "I suppose yon will
soon be running the new automobileV
"O, no," he said. "My papa bought
B chauffeur with the cat"—Exchange*
.. - - -
"- - ' ■ '2% - ■ *- f \ - ' •*
THE ALAMANCE GLEANER.
SPECIAL SESSION OF
MOST ALL OF TH* 1,400 PRESI
DENTIAL NOMINATIONS WERE
■am man no
Treaty Was Unexpectedly Withdrawn
on Motion of Chairman Stone—Sub
stlute Pact Will Is Submitted at
Washington.—The sgecisl Senate
session which began March 6 adjourn
ed sine die after Democratic leaders
had secured confirmation of most of
the 1,400 nominations which failed at
the last session, and had despaired of
attaining ratification of the $26,000,000
The treaty was snezpectedly with
drawn on motion of Chairman Stone
of the Foreign Relations Committee.
Its provisions for payment of Indem
nity to Colombia for the partition of
Panama and its ezpreasion of regret
for the ill-feeling srlsing out of that
Incident had encountered stubborn
Republican opposition which convinc
ed the Democrats there was ng chance
of ratification. It is ezpected a sub
stitute pact will be submitted during
the eztra seslon of Congress beginning
The session Just closed was the
"first of its kind in many years which
was not called upon to confirm a
cabinet nomination. Preeidsnt Wilson
decided that all of the members of his
official family could be retained with
out the formality of renominatlon.
Among the hundreds of nomina
tions confirmed, only one met with
pronounced opposition. It was that
of Dr. Cary T. Grayson, president's
naval aide and physician, to be a rear
admiral. No action was taken on ths
nominations for ths tariff oommisston
made this week.
The outstanding achievement of the
session was the senate's quick re
sponse to President Wilson's plea for
a change In rule to limit debate and
prevent In the future, such filibusters
as that which killed the armed neu
PRESIDENT WILS MAKES
APPEAL TO PREVENT STRIKE.
"Country's Safety Makes Settlement
Ifperative."—President's Appeal to
Prevent Railroad Strike.
Washington.—-President Wilson late
Friday Bent a personal appeal to the
representatives of the two sides In
the railroad controversy urging that
they do everything postble to co-oper
ate with the mediation committee.
The President's appeal follows:
"I deem It my duty and right to ap
peal to you In this time of nattonal
peril to open again the questions at
Issue between the railroads and their
operatives with a vlsw to accommo
dation or settlement.
"With my approval, a committee of
the Council of National Defense Is
about to seek a oonference with you
with that end In view.
"A general Interruption of the rail
way traffic of the country at this time
would entail a danger to the nation
against which I have the right to enter
my most solemn and earnest protest.
"It Is now the duty of every patrio
tic man to bring matters of this sort
to Immediate accommodation. The
safety of the country against manifest
perils affecting Its own peace and the
peace of the whole world makes ac
commodation absolutely Imperative
and seems to me to render any other
choice or action Inconceivable."
The President's message was sent to
Ellsha Lee, chairman of the confer
ence commltee of railroad managers;
L. E. Sheppard, acting head of the
oonductors; W. O. Lee, head of the
trainmen; W. S. Stone, grand chief
of the engineers, and W. 8. Carter,
president of the fremen an* engine
The Prealdent la confidant thara
will be no itrlka. However, ha al
ready la conaldarlnc what may be
done If hla appeal to the patiiotiam
of the men Involved la futile.
NEW ALIGNMENT RUMORS
AFLOAT IN MBXICO
El Paso, Tex.—Reporta of a new
political alignment in Mexico, with
General Obregon leading the oppoal
tlon to Firat Chlaf Carrania which
were brought to Juarea by Mexican
and foreign refugeea from tha Inte
rior, were defined by Carransa offl
clali. They aald General Obregon waa
loyal to the flrit chlaf and that hli
retirement from the cabinet aareral
days ago waa doe to 111 health and
not becauie of any polKical difference*.
SENT TO CARRANZA
Washington. The United States '
sent to Oeneral Carranca a formal no
tification that It caanot participate In
bis proposed pan-American concert to
cut off munition and food shipments to
the European belligerents with • view
to forcing peace. The reply is under
stood to point oat that such a move
would have no Justification In interna
tional law. H Is going forward
through Ambassador Fletcher, at Mex
Ex Sheriff F. C. Berry, of Burke
county, was severely Injured by be
thrown from his buggy, when, owing
to some part of the harness breaking,
his spirited horse, "Black Beauty,"
Plans hava been perfected by the (
Durham- County Dental Society for
entertaining 300 delegates expected
for the 1917 convention of the North
Carolina Dental Society scheduled to
meet in Durham June 27, 28 and 29.
GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 22, L 917
ADMNSON LAW HELD BIG STRIKE HUS
GONSTmHIIAL BEEN GALLED OFF
—— I __
IN KPOCHAL DECISION SUPREME PRESIDENT'S MEDIATION BOARD
COURTS OF UNITED STATES BRING ABOUT SATISFACTORY
UPHOLD LAW. | AGREEMENT.
VOTE WAS FIVE TO FOUR GREAT CALAMITY IS AVERTED
Congress Hss Power to Ksep Com"
meroe Chsnnsls Open.—Fixes Eight-
Hour Dsy as Best* For Wages.—
Chief Justice Delivers Opinion.
Washington.—ln an epochal decision
holding congress to be clothed with
any and all power necessary to keep
open the channels of Interstate com
merce, the supreme court dividing Ore
to four, sustained the Adamson law
as constitutional and enforceabls In
The Immediate effect of the decision
will b« to flz a permanent eight-hour
basic day In computing wage scales on
Interstate railroads, for which a na
tionwide strike twice has been threat
ened and to give, effective from Janu
ary 1 this year, increases in wages to
trainmen of about 26 per cent, at a
cost to the railroads estimated at from
140,000,000 to (60,000,000 a year.
The court, thrpugfc Chief Justice
White, declared both carriers . and
their employes, engaged in a 'busi
ness charged with a public interest,
subjsct to the right of congress to
compulsorlly arbitrate a dispute af
fecting the operating of that business.
"Whatever would be the right of an
employe engaged in private business
to demand such wages as he desires,
to leave the employment If he does
not get them and by concert of action |
to agree with others to leave on the
sams condition," said the opinion, "such
rights are necessarily subject to lim
itation when an employment is accept
ed in a business charged with a pub
lic Interest and to which the power i
to regulate'commerce by congress ap
plied and the resulting right to flz in
case of disagreement and dispute a
standard of wages as we have seen ,
In delivering the opinion, the chief
Justice departed at this point from
his written text to emphasize the posi
tion of men operating trains in a time
of national emergency by comparing
them to soldiers facing an enemy.
ALEXANDER RISOT IS
NEW FRENCH PREMIER.
Announces Formation of New Cabinet
—Painleve Is Minister of Wsr.
Paris.—Alexandre Ribot has formed
the following Cabinet:
Premier and Minister of Foreign
Affairs —Alexandre Rlbot. i
Minister of Justice—Rene Vivian. •
Minister of War —Paul Palnleve.
Minister of Marine—Rear Admiral
Minister of Munitions Albert
Minister of Finance—Joseph Thi
Minister of the Interior—Louis I.
MlnUter of Public Instruction —
Minister of Public Works—Georges
Minister of Commerce—Etlenne
Minister of Agriculture—Fernand
Minister of Subsistence —Maurice
Minister of Laber—Leon Bourgeois.
Minister of the Colonies —Andre
Under-Secretary of Aviation—Dan
PRESIDENT TAKES STEPS
TO MEET U-BOAT MENAOI.
Waahlngton.—Preparation for ag
gressive action by the Navy against
tha German submarine menace began
at the direction of Preildent Wilson.
The Preaident authorized the expen
diture of the $115,000,000 emergency
fund provided by Congress to speed up
naval conatructlon and pay for apeclal
additional war craft, and the suapen
slon of the eight-hour law In plants
engaged on Nary work.
Immediately afterward. Secretary
Daniels ordered the New York Navy
Tard to begin building alzty aubmarlne
cbaaera of the 110-foot type, to be com
pleted In from alzty to eighty days.
With the President's approval, the
Secretary alio ordered the graduation
of the 11 ret and seoonrf classes at the
Naval Academy. The flret claae will
go out on March 2», releasing 173
Junior officer! to fill existing vacan
cies, and the second In September, fur
nishing 202 mors a full year before
they otherwise would be available.
FIFTEEN WERE DROWNED
WHEN VIOILANCIA tUNK.
Plymouth, via London. Fifteen
members of the crew of the American
steamer Vlgtlanda lost their lives
when the ateamer was torpedoed by a
Oferman submarine The aorvtvors
were In llfe-boata from Friday morn
lng until Sunday afternoon. Among
thoae drowned were several American
cltlsens, Including Third Officer Nefls
Peldortfe and Third Engineer Carl
Adeholde. This Information waa glv
en out by Capt. Frank A. Mlddleton. .
The cltlsens of Rocky Mount are
going to do their duty in regard to re
ducing the present high cost of living,
and the Idle lota around the town are
being prepared for the early sowing (
of seeds. In all parte of town the peo
ple are determined to help In the
campaign along this line.
Aldermen of Oastonla voted an ap
propriation of MOO for ap-keep of the
Ssttlsmsnt Early Mondsy Morning
Nullifies Ordsr for Four Hundred
Thoussnd Trslnmen to Wslk Out.
Nsw York.—An official of ths con
ference committee of railroad mana
gers announced at 11:46 o'clock Mon
day morning that the railroad strike
A few minutes after the announce
ment wa smade, the railroad mana
gers wsnt from the Grand Central Ter
minal tt> the conference hotel and
were Joined Immediately by the medi
ators. They refused to make any state
ment on the way to the meeting room.
It was presumed the announcement
would be made through Secretary
Ths mediators and managers were
believed to be awaiting the arrival of
the brotherhood chiefs, itrho had re
tired, before making the announce
ment that the strike had been averted.
The brotherhood men arrived at the
hotel at 1:20 o'clock and Immediate
ly went to the conference room.
The managers left the conference
room at 80' clock, but the brotherhood
chiefs remained In conference with the
mediators. It wss learned that Daniel
Wlllard, one of the mediators had In
formed the hotel management that he
would give up his rooms.
Statsmsnt by Lsns.
The managers, headed by Ellsha
Lee, returned to the conference room
at 2:30 and Secretary Lane sent for
the newspapermen. Secretary Lane
issued this statement:
"Regardless of ths decision of the
Supreme Court on the Adamson law
ths basic eight-hour dsy will go Into
"The details are being worked up
on by a Joint committee which will
have Its negotiations completed by
noon," Mr. Lane said.
The conference committee of rail
road managsrs early this morning
authorised President Wilson's media
tors to make whatever arrangements
were necessary with ths railroad
brotherhoods to call off ths threatened
The formal letter In which thi« au
thorization was made signed by Elliha
Lee, chairman of the managers' com
mittee, was as follows:
"In the national crisis precipitated
by events of which we heard this after
noon, the national conference commit
tee of railroads joins with you In the
conrlctlon that neither at home nor
abroad should there be tear or hope
that the efficient operation of the rail
roads of this country will be hamper
ed or Impaired.
"Therefore you are authorized to
assure the nation there will be no
strike, and as a basis for such assur
ance, we hereby authorize the com
mittee of the Council of National De
fense to grant the employes who are
about to strike whatever adjustment
your oommltee deems necessary to
guarantee uninterrupted and efTldent
operation of the railroads as an Indis
pensable arm of national defense."
The decision reached by the mana
gers at their midnight conference
means that the brotherhoods have
won an important victory, although
It does not bring them all their origi
nal demands. By the agreement, It
Is assumed they will be swarded pro
rata time for overtime on the basic
eight-hour day which they have been
THREE AMERICAN VESSELS
SUNK BY SUBMARINES.
City of Memphis, Vlgllancla and Illi
nois Are Sont to Bottom.
London.—The linking of the Ameri
can *teamer« City of Memphla. Iltlnoli
and Vlgllancla waa announced. Four
teen men from the Vlgllancla are mlav
lng, as are aome of the men from the
City of Memphla. The crew of tba
Illinois was landed aafely.
The City of Memphla, In ballaat
from Cardiff to New York, waa sank
by gunflre. The eecond officer and
fifteen men of the crew have been
landed. A patrol-boat baa gone 'n
search of the other members of the
crew. Tba Illinois, from London for
lort Arthur, Tezaa, In ballast, wai
aunk at t o'clock Sunday morning.
The Vlgllancla was torpedoed with
out warning. The submsrlne did not
appear. The captain, Brat and aeeond
mates, trst. sscond and third sngtn
neers and 11 men of the crew hav.,
been landed at the Scllly lalanda The
fourth engineer, It men are mlaslsg.
! IMMENSE OAINS ARE
MADE BY FRENCH TROOPS.
Parts.—The advance of the French
troope coatlnuea between the Avre and
the Bine along a front (7 kilometer*
(about 17 mllea) according to the of
flclal communication laaued by the
War Office. French cavalry entered
Neale. In the direction of Ham. on
the Somme River, the French forward
movement reached a depth of 12 1-1
miles. Worth of Solaaona the French
have occupied Crouey, Carlepont. Mor
aam, and Nourron Vlngre.
Immenee Damage by Rata.
There is said to be one rat to ev
ery acre of land In England aod Wales,
causing an annual loaa to farmera that
Is eatimated at 173,000,000.
"Happiness," ssld Uncle Eben, "Is
what 'roost everybody thinks he'd- be In-
Joyln' If be hsd somebody else's chance
Senator Stone a Disgrace.
Cor. of The Gleaner.
Washington, D. C., Mwch 12. —
It baa been many years since a
Senator has made bis name -a
synonym of national shame as
Senator Stone (Dem.) of Missouri
and LaFollette (Rep.) of Wiscon
sin, did in the closing days of
Congress. These two men are the
ones who prevented the law from
passing authorizing President Wil
son to arm merchant vessels which
carry onr goods to foreign coun
tries. Senator Stone evidently
felt more concerned about the
Prussians he represented in Mis
souri ind JjiFollette about those
he represented in Wisconsin than
ihey did about the true Ameri
cans. Not only is there an over
whelming demand for the removal
of the loathsome and disgusting
Stone from the Chairmanship of
the Foreign Relations Committee,
but Stone and LaFollette es
pecially and possibly Umnna of
N. D., and CumininKs of lowa
nhould be kicked out of the Senate
without ceremony. These men
have disgraced and dishonored
themselves to pnt it mildly Sena
tor Walsh of Montana, in refer
ring to the matter last week *aid,
"It is not inconceivable that the
be actuated by traitorous senti
ments. The revolution had its
Arnold. I trust that I offeud no
sensibilities iu referring to the
fact that in 18(il ten or mem
bers of this body (the Senate) were
expelled for treason."
Aotlqutted Senate H u lea.
Under the rules of the Senate a
vote on a measure cannot be taken
as long as a Senator desires to
speak on it. Under this provision
when 80 out of the 90 Senators
desired to pass the bill authoriz
ing President Wilson to arm mer
chant vessels, they were prevent
ed from doing so by William J.
stone of Missouri and Robert M.
LaFollette of Wisconsin and a few
others. These two Senators have
made their names so odious to the
American public that they' will
probably be hissed and rotten
eg. Ed whenever they show their
abominable and loathsome faces
to the pnblic again. They seem
to be representing the barbarism
and savagery of Berlin and every
thing else that the lawless Prus
sian Kaiser stands for r.jther than
represent the ; r Slates which sent
The Senate is now busy dis
cussing a measure which will shut
off debate whenever anyone at
tempts to talk a measure to death
as Senators StOne and
did hi the closing days of Con
gress. The United States Senate
ha- made itself ridiculous many
limes in the past by allowing a
handful of Senators to kill a meas
ure by talking it to death and
thereby preventing a vote, which
would overwhelmingly patis if a
vote were permitted. The furious
Htonn of indignation which has
swept over the country will un
doubtedly cause a change in the
Senate rules which will prevent a
repetition of the disgraceful con
duct in the Senate last week.
Atlantic Cout Inventors.
The following patent* were just
tHHued to Atlantic Coast ciientH
reported by I). Swift A Co., I'ateut
Lawyers, Washington, I). C., who
will fumiHh copien of any patent
for ten cents apiece to our reader*.
Virginia—W. L. Sautmyers,
Strasburg, expansible reamer; E.
J. Snapp, Strasburg, match Hafe;
R. B. Tufts, Norfolk, reinforced
North Carolina—l. llechen
bleikner, Charlotte, electric fur
nace wall construction; K. M.
Long, Oak City, rotary engine; W.
S. Martin, Canton, Healing wax
South Carolina—R. R. Goodson,
Lamar, fertilizer distributer; A.
1). Saxon, Springfield, animal
Mrs I. N. Alexander of Oas
tonia died Tuesday afternoon last
week from self-inflicted burns.
Mrs. Alexander had lieen in bad
health for some time and this pro
duced melancholia and, at times,
aberratiou of mind Sbe was to
have been taken to the State Hos
pital at Morganton that day.
About 7 o'clock she entered the
bathroom of her home, saturated
her cli'thing with kerosene and set
fire to hyr clothing, burns result
ing that produced death several
hours later. Cries brough in
neighbors, who «xtlnguished the
flames, but too late to save her.
The Review says that ten yearn
ago Mayor Watt of Iteidnville hal
before him a young Englishman
arraigned for drunkenness. The
man wax penniless and said he
bad boon robbed. 'Hie mayor had
companion on him and loanel
him $3.50 to pay hia fine. The
other day the mayor received
from the Englishman a check for
$5, in payment of thu loan and
Mow to Pretest l.'roup.
When the child in subject to at
tacks of croup, see to it that It
eats a light evening meal, an an
overloaded stomach may bring on
an attack, also watch for the first
symptom—hoarHcnem, and give
Chamberlain's, Cough Remedy as
soon as the child becomes hoarse.
THANKS TO SANITATION FOR
Few Deaths From Preventable Dis
Everybody has a welcome home
for the boys from the border.
Vi hile some faces will be missing,
says the State Hoard of Health,
there is one big fact to be grateful
for and that is that almost all of
the boys are returning 011 account
of the saving grace of modern
sanitation. Tliew* figures pub
lished in the University News Let
ter illustrate to what extent mod
ern sanitation Ims been effective
in keeping down diseases and
preveuting deaths among the
"111 8 months of 1898 there were
20,926 cases of typhoid with '2,198
deaths among a total of 147,7115
regular and volunteer troops; in
live and a half months of r.ilo
there were only 24 ea*esof typhoid
with 110 deaths among u total of
170,000 regular and volunteer
troops. Among the r ignlaTs nor
a single tnau that bad been vac
cinated against typhoid within the
past three years developed ihis
disease. Among the volunteers,
however, there wore 14 cas s
among men who had been or were
supposed to have been bo vacci
nated. In lUKi there wore 8 death
front dysentery as compared with
several hundred in 18II8."
While perhaps compulsory vac
cination was largely responsible
forTlie little typhoid fevor. says
the Board, there wore other sani
tary measures enforced that pre
vented diseases. Mosquito net
ting used at night keplolT malaria
and yellow fever; shower baths
and washlubs with plenty of soap
and water coupled with the strict
est kiud of orders kept off typhus
fever and skin diseases; the pre
vention of breeding places for
flies and the use of Altered wat r
together with the burniug or
burial of all excreta greatly re
duced from sickness typhoid and
And y-'t the reports are, says
the Hoard, that while sickness
wa* reduced to a minimum on this
side the line, 011 the other side
raged smallpox, typhus and yel
low fever, while typhoid, malaria
and other communicable diseases
Kindness Pays—Young Lady Receives
Nice Sum For an Act.
For mi net of courtesy to an el
derly wotnitn, Mis* Hose Sehamp
anier, H department more clerk at
I'aterson, N. J., has been notified
that she will receive on
her 25th birthday, three years
hence. Meanwhile, she will l»e
paid interest every year on her
birthday. It is stipulated only
that she shall not inarry until she
Miss Schainpaiiier wan at Revere
Beach, near ItoHton, last summer
when she Haw Mrn. Catherine
Ward of Qrand Rapids, Mich., fall
in the Hand, The young woman
picked up the older and an ac
quaintanceship developed Mrn.
Ward died recently ai d her will
contained the beqnentlo the I'ater-
'l'he KtiMHian government seeks
to obtain judgments totaling SI,-
a«JM,CKX» from the Tennessee (Nip
per Company and tin* National
Surety Company in a suit tiled in
the Federal court in New York,
for alleged breach of a contract to
supply *4,/>»' Kj worth of explo
sives. The Tennessee Copper
Company agreed to deliver to the
Roseau government, the com
plaint states, liefore November I,
I'Jlfl, 4,hi)o,X)o pounds of the ex
plosive at !l. r » cents a pound. The
government paid the sum of sl,-
440,1 (00 in advance and the Ten
nessee company gave bond to
carry out the contract.
'l'he body of the I ale SI. 11. (.'oil ins,
who had been missing since Feb
ruary 7, who disappeared from hi.*
home ill Charlotte, was found in
the Catawba river Wednesday of
last week, about three mill*down
the river from where his clothes
were found a few days after lie
disappeared. Mr. Collins was de
spondent on account of the death
of his wife when he left his home.
Jesse Copley waa instantly;
killed, Thos. Garrard HIM) Kainey j
Carver, the latter a negro, serious
ly hurl when a Ihree-ntory brick
WHII on which they were at work
collapsed at Iloxboro. They werej
tearing Jown the wall when it col
lapsed and nine other* at work.on
it e*caj>ed injury.
In a unaniinoua opinion the Su
preme Court of the United Stated i
decreed restoration to her English
owners of the liner Appam and
cargo, brought into Hampton j
Koads more than a year ago by a 1
prize crew from the German raider]
Moewe. Ship and cargo, valued
at between three and four million ;
dollar*, must bo delivered within i
30 days, a* the court's order in
final. The court held (.hat prizes!
coming into American porta un
accompanied by captor warships
have the right to remain only long
enough to make themselves sea
BUILDING OF ROAD CULVERTS
If Not Constructed of Good Material
They Will Have to Be Rebuilt In
Very Few Years.
If the culverts are not built of good
material will have to be rebuilt
In a few years, whatever the quality
of the roads they are made to serve.
Defective culverts vitiate one of the
elemebtury principles of, highway eco-
mid the interests of the tax
payers require that the annual cost of
every piirt of the roads built for their
iihp In- reduced to the lowest possible
figure consistent with efficiency. Man
ifestly, It would bo worse than folly
to build culverts of boards to take
• lire of minis that havo cost hundreds
or thousands of dollars the mile and
it would be none the less foolish, or
Culvert Built of Concrete. J
worse, to waste money it) work of
this sort with the use of bad material.
In building a culvert the road
builder must observe three funda
1. The first requirement Is that the
culvert must be so placed Unit It will
drain across the road, and umler the'
road, of course, all the water that Is
delivered to it by the side ditch a|ong
the road. If tills he not done, the
earth along the road and about the
end of the culvert will be wet anil
soggy the most of the year and the
culvert opening will require almost
constant repairs. Repairing a high
way culvert Is relatively more ex
pensive than similar work In a town
because of the waste of time of the
workmen In to and from the
point at which the work must be done.
In placing the culvert care must also
be taken thut It will not be choked
by brush and leaves, and this duty
must be discharged by the road super
visor, and will be. If he Is worth his
2. The second and very Important
requirement lu the building of a cul
vert Is that Its ends must be protected
by some kind of a wall or facing car
ried down to a Arm foundation. If
this be done, It will be found that the
end of the culvert will not be under
cut by the water nnd will not be
broken, frost will not Injure It, the
surrounding or superincumbent earth
will not slide down Into the ditch in
front of the opening, and, with the
further necessary work of keeping the
feeding ditches clear, the culvert will
lie libit* to take care of all the water
ulongslde the road.
:i. The third requirement lif thnt the
culvert iimnt be made so strong that
li will not become broken and so tight
Unit It will riot leak. These ends can
bo reached by building the culvert of
masonry, concrete or of good piping.
The material to be used must be de
termined by the relative cost of the
several materials at the locality
where the culvert Is to be built end
by the distance from the top of tilt
culvert lo the burfaca of the road.
REDUCE EXPENSE OF HAULING
Improved Roads Put Farmer In Poel
tlon Where He Can Oo to Market
Every Day In Year.
Permanent road building costs
money, nnd it Is well lo look at the
cold-cash side of the proposition. True,
tiio beneficial effects upon the social
and educational standards of the com
munity lire not ulways susceptible of
exact calculation, but they are certain
to come; and since u permanent road
costs money, we must know there Is to
be a profit from somewhere to offset
the cost. Something for nothing has
never yet been found.
I'ruiitH from a permanent road come
to the fanner In the reduction of haul
ing" costs. It puts htm In a position
where he can get to market every day
in the year, and where he can haul two
loads at one trip instead of having to
make two trips to haul one load.
Paved Country Roade.
Many country roads are paved—with
good Intentions, but for the most part
ultli lumps of Rod, stone, ruts and
Qood Only In Pedigree.
_ Too many sires are good only In
pedigree. A good grade Is better than
a jssir purebred.
Hen Outdoors in Winter.
ij The *: n enn RfH'tid little of the win
ter M-iiHiin In »h»* op'n nlr and H prop j
vrly eonatriirted hoti-w I* iie«*«'H*ary.
You Can Cure That Backache.
Pain Along the back, 11*7.1 nem, headache
an'l irennernf languor. ()«-t a package of
Mi'tbor (irft)'i the piMMOt
. rout ami herb euro for Kidney, Madder
and I'rlnary troubles. Winn TOU feel all
rundown, tired, weak and without energy
I UK* thu remarkable combination t nalurea
' herb* and ruoia. AM a regulator It baa no
i'e«jua:. Mothar (Jray'a Australlan-Leaf la
I Hold by I)ruggl»ta or aent by mall for SO eta
lyae'ilu sent fre«. Address, Ttie Mother
! dinraCo., lA* Hoy. N. T.
tfI'BSCRIBB FOR THB QLEANKR
tl.oo A YBAR
| GRAHAM CHURCH ©IRKCTOBY#
Graham Baptist Church—Rev.
R. Da via, Paator.
Preaching every flrat and thira %
Sundays at 11-00 a. m. and T.OO !*£•;?
Sunday* School every Sunday at I
9.45 a. m. A. P. VvdUama S«ipC . M
Prayer meeting every ruesda/ at
JJO p. m.
uraham Christian Chi«eh—N. Main
dtreet—Kev. J. If. TnUt',
Preaching aervicea uvery Sec
ond and it our tii gonaaya. at 11M
Sunday School every Sunday at
lU.OU a. m.—K. L. Henderson, Super*
New Providence Christian Church
—Worth Main Street, near IK.pot—
itev, J. G. lruitt, Pastor. Preach
ing every Second and courth Sun
-lay nights at s.OU o'clock. "!Xip
Sunday School every Sunday at
M 6 a. m.—J. A. baylill, Superin
Christian Endeavor Prayer Mteet
,ng every Thursday night at
Friends—Morth of Oraham Pub
lic School—Rev. Fleming Martin,
Preaching Ist, 2nd and 3rd Sun
Sunday School every Sunday at
10.00 a, m.— James Crisco, Superin
Methodist Bpiscopai, south—cor.
Jlain and Maple 8t„ H. E. Myers
Preaching every Sunday at 11.00
i. m. and at 7.30 p. m. ,
Sunday School every Sunday at
M 6 a. in.— W. B. Ureen, Supt.
M. P. Church—N. Main Street,
ttev. R. S. Troxler, Pastor.
Preaching first and third Sun
days at 11 a. m. and 8 p. m.
Sunday Bchool every SunUay at
J. 45 a. m.—J. L. Amick, Supt.
Presbyterian—Wst Elm Street—
ttev. T. M. McConneil, pastor.
Sunday School every Sunuay at
J. 46 a. m.—Lynn B. Williamson, Su
Presbyterian iTravora Chapel)—
i. W. Clegg, pastor.
Preaching every Second and
ourth Sundays at 7.30 p. m.
Sunday School every Sunday at
'.30 p. m.—J. Harvey White, Su
Oneida—Sunday Bchool every
Sunday at 2.30 p. m.—J. V. Pome
E. C. DERBY
GRAHAM, N. C..
Natloaal Buk ol Ala— l Bl'«*s.
BURLINGTON, N. C„
Imm IS. 1,1 National Buk lilUlij
JOHN J. HENDERSON
GSAIAM, N. C.
Jill" over -• "-nMn
J", e. cooic,
3RAHAM, N. C.
Offloe Patterson Building
Sooond Fluor. , , , , ,
JR. WILL S.L«A«,JIL -
. . . DENTIST . . .
Vsham. - - - - North Ctjjjpß
•KKICE in SIMMONH BUILDINU
A COB A. LONG. J. ILKII LOHSj
LONG & LONG,
vttornnjrs and Counselors at 1 IV
GRAHAM, N. C.
JOH N H. VERNON
Attorney and Coaaselur-at-Law
PONUM-OBee OA J H tilde ore lit
UUBLIKOTON, N. C.
Dr. J. J. Bareloot
i ■ .wr"
omcz ovek hidlet'b stobk
~oavo Mc-usages at Alamance Phar
nacy 'i'bone 'J7 Residence 'Phone
>B2 Office Hours 2-4 p. m. and by
DR. G. EUGENE HOLT
it. M aad ** llrat Matloaal Baakk Bl«|.
BURLINQTON, N C.
Stomach and Nervous diseases a
■Jpccia I ty. ' Phones, Office 305,—rea
tience, 302 J.
Belief In Mil lloura
Distressing Kidney and Bladder
Disease relieved in six hours b/
the "NEW GREAT SOUTH AMER
ICAN KIDNEY CURE." It is •
Crest surprise on account of itß
exceeding oromDtness in relieving
pain In bladder, kidneys and back,
in male or female. Relieves reten
tion of water almost immediately,
tf you want quick relief and
this is the remedy. Sold by Ora
ham Drug Co. adv, i|
LIVES OF CHRISTIAN MINISTERS
This book, entitled as above, rJ
contains over 200 memoirs of Min
isters in, the Christian Church
with historical references. An
interesting volume—nicely print
ed and bound. Price per copy:
cloth, $2.00; gUt top, #2.60. By
I mail 20c extra. Orders may be
! sent to
P. J. Kkrnodlk,
1012 E. Marshall St.,
l Richmond, Va.
Orders may be left at this offlea.