The Alamance Gleaner i
VOL. LV. GRAHAM, IS, C., THURSDAY JANUARY 9, 1930. NO. 49.
1?Neptune's envoys announce the coming of 1930 on the sands of Santa Monica, Calif. 2?Senator Frederick M.
Sackett of Kentucky who was selected as American ambassador to Germany. 3?Office In the State. War and Navy
building, formerly occupied by General Pershing, now used by President Hoover while the executive office building Is
bteing repaired after the fire. '
NEWS REVIEW OF
Prohibition Enforcement Is
Still the Chief Topic
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
PROHIBITION enforcement con
tinned to be the dominant ques
tion In Washington, and the dry lead
ers In congress were especially rocal
In the controversy. The most im
portant development of the week was
the statement by Senator Wesley L.
-Tones of Washington that during con
ferences with members f)t this Ft Dover
crime commission he had been glad to
learn that the commission la unani
mous !h agreeing that Its' function la.
to devise the best means possible for
enforcement of the Eighteenth amend
ment. Senator Jones averred that the
commission holds that the wisdom or
unwisdom of the amendment Is not
Involved in Its work.
This was held to be a severe blow
to the hopes of the wets, though it is
hard to see how the latter could have
expected the commission to try to de
termine the practicability of prohi
Senator Jones asserted that the dry
phase of the commission's work should
be completed by July 1 and warned
that a clear and convincing showing
of'its need will have to be made be
fore funds for prolonging the prohibi
tion Inquiry beyond that date are
made available. As Jones is prospec
tive chairman of the senate finance
committee, he will be In a position to
supervise funds asked for the com
The Washington senator continued:
"I find that an Important report has
already been given to the President.
It will be submitted to the congres
sional Joint committee sought by the
President as soon as created and ready
for work. Other reports will be ready
"All seem to view the Industrial
alcohol situation as the most difficult
one to solve properly, as well as one
of the most Important phases of pro
hibition enforcement In working this
out the commission should shield no
Individual and no line of business."
Senator Borah of Idaho repeated his
attacks on the present dry enforce
ment personnel, asserting that "prac
tically open saloons" are to be found
all over the land. "When I say this,"
he said, "I do not mean slibply New
York or Chicago. I mean to state a
condition which prevails throughout
the country. I do not assume that you
can catch every bootlegger. But the
open flaunting, defiant, persistent dis
regard of the law, day after day and
month after month, with no effort
being made to st6p It. calls for discus
Mr. Borah sent one or two lettera
to President Hoover, and though their
contents were not made public It was
understood the senator offered proof
of his assertions, and It was Indicated
that If the administration did not
make use of the information given he
wdnld lay his evidence before con
Then came F. Scott McBrlde, super
intendent of the Anti-Saloon league,
with a statement In which he took
Issue with Borah's charges
"The prohibition department has
been doing good work, but there are
places where conditions can be bet
tered." McBrlde said. "These will
be found and corrected. The Depart
ment of Jnstfre has bad some bad
spots. Mr. Mitchell has been active In
correcting these but the Job bas yet
to be completed.
"The most hopeful sign about the
situation la the fact that the legisla
tive officers, as well as the administra
tive officers, Including the President,
are not sidestepping responsibility as
has been true nnder some former con
ditions and the fact that In the Cap
ital and all over the country enforce
ment Is responding to official Insist
Senator Brookhart of Iowa, the un
relenting foe of Secretary of the
Treasury Mellon, renewed bis demands
that President Hoover remove the sec
retary from his cabinet, and also de
clared that Undersecretary of the
Treasury Ogden Mills, Assistant' Sec
retary Seymour Lowman and Prohibi
tion Commissioner Jatnes M. Doran
should be dismissed.
COAST guardsmen seeking to pre
vent the. landing of liquor near
Newport, R. 1., opened' tire on a rum
running boat, the Black Duck, and
killed three members of the crew.
Their action was upheld by their
Superiors, but the incident serves to
provide more ammunition for the ene
mies of the Eighteenth amendment.
In old Faneull hall, Boston, the
IJberal Civic league held a mass meet
ing that sent to President Hoover a
message asking a searching investiga
tion of the slaylngs by the coast
guard, and after the meeting a mob
attacked the coast guard station.
Celebrant; of New Year's eve in the
larger cities found their activities were
subjected to rather less interference
by the enforcement officers than tn
recent years. The supply of intoxi
cating liquor seemed unlimited, though
It is admitted most of it was syn
thetic with bogus labels.
Thousands of washingtonians
and visitors to the National Cap
ita! attended the New Year's day re
ception held by President and Mrs.
Hoover. Among the callers were the
members of the cabinet, the hand
somely garbed diplomatic corps, sen
ators aod representatives and many
hlgb officers of the army and navy.
Sir Earn Howard, the British am
bassador, and Lady Isabella were the
first of the long line of diplomats to
wish tbe Hoovers a happy New Year.
The chief Justice and Mrs. Taft
were missing from the White House
reception for the first time In years,
owing to the death of Charles P. Taft.
IF JOUETT 6HOUSE, chairman of
the Democratic national executive
committee, knofvs what he la talking
about, we are' not likely to have a
new tariff act In the near fntore. Be
Issued a statement In Lexington In
which he said that either the coalition
tariff measure, which attempts to carry
ont the promise of real tariff benefits
for the farmers, will be enacted or
there will be no tariff bill at all.
"That latter," he said, "la the more
probable outcome, which means that
months and months of congressional
sessions have been utterly wasted
because of the efTort to jam through
s\tariff revision that had no reason In
economy or justifiable excuse at tips
I* NDIA'8 Nationalists nnder the lead
ership of Mahatma Gandhi have
taken a bold step toward Independence
for their country. The national con
gress, with only six dissenting votes
out of 2,000, adopted Gandhi's resolu
tion for a middle course toward the
objective. The resolution authorized
the all-India congress committee, an
executive body of about 900 members,
to launch, whenever It thinks the time
ripe, a program of civil disobedience
to inclnde non-payment of taxes and
similar resistance to British rule.
The Indian Liberal federation has
accepted the British declaration of
ultimate dominion status for India.
PRINCE CAROL seemingly la still
trying to gain the throne of Ro
mania. and Italy la reported to haws
espoused his cause Id a way that has
aroused the anger of the Rumanians.
Recently Slgnor Precloel. Italian min
ister to Bucharest, called at the Ru
manian foreign office and Informed It
In the name of the Italian government
that Italy considered It necessary to
regularize thq dynastic succession to
the Rumanian throne and that Prince
Carol should be recalled to Rumania
and crowned king.
The Rumanians do not dare to make
effectual protest against this Inter
ference In their Internal affairs for
they fear they would be Isolated In
their quarrel wltb Jugoslavia, which
; they and Italy regard as an enemy.
THERE was great rejoicing and
celebration In China over the an
nouncement of the Nationalist gov
ernment that extraterritoriality was to
be summarily ended on January 1.
But the state council's mandate evi
dently was Issued for home consump
tion and It had little or no effect In
the treaty ports, where the foreign
officials still declined to let their na
tionals be tried In native courts. For
eign Minister C. T. Wang said his
government was prepared to consider
and discuss, within u reasonable time,
any representations made by foreign
nations with reference to the Chinese
decision to end the consular court
system and assume legal jurisdiction
SENATOR FREDERICK M. 8ACK
ett of Kentncky has been select
ed as ambassador to Germany. He
was cruising In tbe West Indies when
Informed of this fact and that the
German government had announced
that his appointment was acceptable
to It Mr. Sackett started back to
Washington at once, saying he would
resign from tbe senate and soon be
ready to leave for Berlin.
KENNETH HAWKS, movie director
and sportsman, and nine other
men engaged In the Aiming of venture
some air "shots," were hurled to death
In the PaclAc ocean In two tangled,
blazing monoplanes off the I'alos
Verde hills, 25 miles from Los Angeles.
Eyewitnesses said that one of the
two planes poised above the otber and
then, as If the pilot had lost his vision
In the piercing rays of the setting
sin, had darted down and struck the
top of the lower plane.
SCOTLAND'S wont tragedy of 1029
came Just at the close of the year.
A moving picture theater at Paisley
was thronged with children attending
a gala performance when fire broke
out In the projection booth. Panic
ensued, and within a few moments
seventy little ones were dead and
scores Injured. . .1
< . .. ?
MOST noteworthy of the death* of
the week wai that .of Charlea P.
Taft, Cincinnati newspaper publisher
and half-brother of William Howard
Taft, former President and now chief
justice of the United States 8npreme
court. Eighteen months ago Mr. Taft
was stricken with pneumonia and he
never had fully recovered. He had a
distinguished career as a lawyer and
publisher, served one term In congress
and was prominent In state and civic
NEW TEAR'S day was Football
day In California. In the treat
Roae Bowl at Pasadena the University
of Southern California met the unde
feated team from the University of
Pittsburgh and fairly swamped It,
winning by a score of 47 to 14. In
San Francisco teams of star college
players from the East and the West
battled In a game for charity. the
Easterners scoring IB points to 7 for
at tsss. WMMI mvs?>? CslN.1
i! FOR HER |
!: HUSBAND'S i:
11 APPROVAL 11
(Abr D. 1. WaUh.t
MB. AND URS. WILLIS had
bat lately returned from their
flrat trip abroad. They bad
wandered, often aadly bewil
dered. through approved picture gal
lerlea. They bad dined at the Cheshire
Cheese. They bad been secretly dis
appointed that Shakespeare's house
was so tacky looking, as Mrs. Willis
But Mr. Willis had been bitten by
tbe mosquito of European culture (as
be understood It, that Is). He pre
sented his wife with a cigarette
holder and the good woman nearly
fainted. She confided In the occupant
of the next deck chair (from Ohio)
and that worthy suggested a psychi
"Not that awful psychoanalysis!"
cried poor Mrs. Willis, who had been
given a book on that subject by her
enterprising husband and never
"No, no, my dear," soothed the To
ledo woman, "nothing like that" (It
would never do to admit she'd never
heard of Freud, but she hadn't). "1
mean, well, just a doctor, who, well,
takes care of?"
"Crazy folks?" cried poor Mrs. Wil
lis. "Well, do you know 1 was half
afraid that awful hot day In Paris,
and Mr. Willis would aft and eat out
doors. And nd real cooling Ice cream
sodas, either. I can't see myself why
people go to Paris for food. Give me
a good pile of hot cakes, or a nice
fried pork chop."
"That's just what my Gerald says,
but you have to come abroad just to
be thankful you aren't a foreigner, I
guess," rather lamely, for Just then
the sprightly WIIUs hove In sight. He
bowed. In what his distressed wife
thought a French manner.
A week later Mr. Willis poked the
bash In front of him In dlsguesL
"Why can't we have croquettes?" as
"Because, Wednesday, when your
poor uncle Timothy came to dinner he
thought I said croquet, and yon know
you laughed, and, after all, even If
he Is deaf, he has what little money
there Is In your family."
"Well, but Uncle Timothy Isn't here
tonight. I Insist on more modern
ways. Tou have defied me about
smoking. Well, I suppose every one
can't like the taste of tobacco. But
I Insist, Insist, mind" (Mrs. Willis was
reminded of a peppery general In an
English play, and was certain that
trying character had precipitated this
scene), "1 say again I Insist on mod
ern cookery. We are no longer
obliged to consider every cent We've
"Unhappily, yes," sighed the poor
wife, wondering if the psychiatrist
was urgently needed. "Tou've never
been tbe same sensible man since we
started that trip, never."
"I will not put up with nagging,"
cried Willis, starting for the door.
?That afternoon Mrs. Willis motored
quietly to town. She bad a long talk,
not with the mental specialist, but
with the up-to-date bookseller. And
ber topic was cookery books. The
bookseller was very modern. He
sprinkled vltamlnes all over his con
versation as If they were paprika.
Mrs. Willis was Impressed. She took
an exotic volume with pictures of car
rots and tables of calories. She drove
The next day was Wednesday, the
day sacred to tbe deaf and wealthy
Uncle Timothy; tbe day, also, when
other members of the families were
wont to drop In after dinner to listen
to the really excellent Willis radio.
Mrs. Willis was not without humor.
And she bad quite a full shore of
common sense, albeit she refused
point blank to wear 8panlsb heels,
rouge her nice red cheeks or make
herself "sick at the stomach" as she
worded It. With a cigarette.
"I'm a Victorian," she asserted,
"and a Victorian 111 die."
However, she cooked a varied and
appetizing appearing meal, using s
multitude of odd nut combinations of
which she'd never beard and of whose
power to delight her newly fastidious
husband and the robust Uncle Tim
othy she bad grave doubts.
Laboriously she wrote menu cards.
They'd bad them at the club once
when a noted temperance lecturer
had come to Graasvllle, and sbe knew
they were "classy."
"Putting on dog." growled Uncle
Timothy, adjusting bis specs to read
the card. "Pity for Americans to go
abroad If they can't keep their senses.
Percy (to Mr. Willis), why d'you let
that good wife of yours lose ber
bead? She'll be trying to smoke next,
like some of those flighty flappers 1
see. Disgraceful, 1 call It and a wom
an well past forty, too."
Hs picked over bis salad. "What's
this? Carrots don't look cooked to
me," he roared; "we ain't donkey*.
How's Ihnt, eh?"
Eva Willis grew red. But she val
ued Uncle Tlmothy'a good oplnlon-too
much not to stand by her colors, now,
and she noticed that ber Percy's ears
"The truth Is, uncle, that Percy Is
ashamed of me since we came home.
He's all for the Dew fashions. (A
frantic kick under the tahle prevent
ed?possibly?any allusion to tbe
cigarette holder.) "Well," she re
sumed, without wlDdng perceptibly, "I
And we're all out of date eating so
much meat. No rltnmlnes, and most
people with high blood pressure and
so on, really dangerous So tonight I
determined to serve a real modern
vegetarian dinner, with ruw cnrrot
salad. Just like that high-toned Dum
bles lleud Itest cure, that Is so fash
"Dumb-bells Is right." again roared
Uncle Timothy, "so It's Perty that Is
the fool, eh? Well, I always respect
ed your good sense," he said more
softly, "and now, ain't there a nice
pork chop In the Ice box? Or I could
do with a nice platter of scrambled
eggs or so, but never as long as I live
will I eat grass. It Isn't Christian."
Meekly, Mrs. Willis rose and gilded
Into the kitchen. In a suspiciously
short time a dish of well-browned
chops was on the table with French
fried potatoes and tomatoes.
Uncle Timothy beamed.
"Tell you what," he said, "I wouldn't
have been so upset If you'd set me a
dish of snails, seeing that I know
Krenchles eat 'era. But when it comes
to donkey food. . . ."
"You'd best throw that fool cook
book away," whispered Mr. Willis.
"Don't be scared. I didn't pay for
It Just got It for my husband's
approval," nodded the lady.
History of Marionettos
Jointed figures moved by wires en
tertained early Egyptians, and ancient
Greece loved the puppet show. Eng
land watched gravely while puppets
enacted Bible stories. The courtiers
of Charles the Second's day could be
-es much entertained by a puppet he
roine as by a living Thomas Betterton
or Nell Gwyn.
But gradually England grew tired of
the doll actors. Almost the lost Eng
lish puppet shows dealt with the story
of Napoleon, the death of Nelson, and
Grace Darling's rescue of the crew
of the Forfarshire. Then they, too,
The continent has remained more
faithful to the puppets. Mseterllnck
has actually written for them, and In
Italy, the marionettes have never lost
It was a most astonishing thing, bat
the Smiths were always changing
Some people decided that perhaps
Mr. Smllli found moving about cheap
er than paying rent, bat the real rA
son was that Mrs. Smith loved a
One day a friend of the family, re
turning home rather later than was
his usual practice, espied Smith fol
lowing a van of furniture.
"Hello, Smith," he cried. "Movln'
again! And where to this time?"
"I dtinno," was the weary answer.
'Tin Just followln' the van to find
Ha Mat a Foot, Anyhow
Pnt Murphy vol a great favorite In
the works. Even hli employer would
unmet I mo* stop nnd crack a Joke with
One day the boat met Pat.
"Morning. Pat," he aald. "I hear that
lately you've taken quite a fancy for
Pat blushed nnd snickered.
"Have you not met your fate yetT"
asked the boss.
"Sure nnd begorrnh, sir," exclaimed
Pnt sadly. 'T met one of her father's
fate In one of his big shoes last
An accident la an event that tnkea
place without one'a foresight or ex
pectation. aaya a Pennsylvania official,
and no. atrlctly speaking, there are
no automobile accidents. The driver
who "runa contrary to the law of cen
trifugal force or the law of momen
tum la abaolutely certain, aooner or
later, to have a mishap."
Now you know what to expect. And
when the mishap occurs don't try to
wriggle out by saying you were never
told these laws bad been passed.
Wood. Used for Paper
Spruce Is the principal wood used In
the manufacture of paper, targe
quantities of hemlock are also con
sumed. as this wood ranks next to
spruce In volume of material from
which pulp is made.
Moat men worry all through their
work about that which Is to come, the
thing they are going to do, the money
they are going to get.?American
Tin Strange Seas
?-a-" in. ' 1 ? ? ..I
Scene on the Shore of the Caspian Sea.
< Prepared by lb* National llaoaraphlr
8oelety. Waahlnaton. D. C.I
TIIK world's two must liu|K>rtonl
and heat known bodies of wa
ter that He below sea level are
the Dead sea and the Caspian
tea. The Dead sea Is really a gigantic
ilnkhole. In no other continent Is
there such a deep depression In the
rnrlh's crust; nor will one find greater
jesolatlon or more uncomfortnbfh con
ditions for man and most other llv
Ing things even In the hearts of the
The Hebrew scriptures have thrown
an atmosphere of tragedy about this
:ountry. There, the chronicle states,
were situated the wicked cities of
Sodom and Comorrah, destroyed by
the wroth of Jehovah; and there the
modern render sees the blasted region,
seared by unbearable heat, with Its
hitter death dealing waters, to prove
the story to Ids satisfaction.
According to the lllbllcnl narrative
the Jordan valley and the plain near
Its mouth on the shores of the Dead
sea where the destroyed cities lay
shared the early good fortune of the
Promised Land Itself and "flowed with
milk and honey." But an end was put
to this pleasant condition by the rain
of brimstone and Arc.
The story of the region deciphered
from Its rocks by geologists begins
much earlier than the days of the pa
triarchs whose actions are recorded
In the Bible. This record seetns to In
dicate that Palestine and the whole
western end of Arabia rose from the
sen a million or more years ago In
what the geololglsts term the Tertiary
era. Shortly after the rise. It seems,
a great slice of the Innd parallel to
the coast of the Mediterranean sank
to great depth, forming the huge rift
valley, "the Obor," now occupied by
the Jordan rteer and the Dead sea.
? Dead Sea Has No Outlet.
It Is believed that the climate of
Palestine In remote times was moist
and that the great Inland lake was for
a while kept at Its highest point
When drier conditions set In the lake
began to shrink, eventually retreating
Into the present position of the Dead
sea and exposing the valley now oc
cupled by the Jordan. This Is prac
tically the only large river In the
world which flows In a valley ready
made for It almost from source to
The Dead aca depression having no
outlet, all the salts contained In the
large original Inland sea were retained
when evaporation reduced the volume
of the body of water to Its present dl
menslons. In addition, for hundreds of
thousands of years the Jordan and the
other streams and torrents that flow
from the desert hills Into the basin
have been carrying In additional salts
until now the waters of the Dead
sea constitute one of the most high
ly concentrated natural brines In
existence. It Is estimated that on the
average some six million tons of wa
ter flow Into the Dead sea dally, and
since tbe level of the sea changes bul
little, an equal amount Is pumped out
dally by evaporation.
The present Dead sea Is 47 mllet
long and about 10 miles wide. Its
surface Ilea approximately 1,300 fee!
lower than sea level and at Its deepest
point Its bottom lies another 1.300 fee!
down. This great rift In the earth-!
crust, therefore, lies 2.000 feet belou
sea level and Is the deepest hole It
the land anywhere In the world. Be
cause of the Intense heat and drynesi
and the presence everywhere of sal
the land Immediately about the Dear
sea Is a region of desolation.
Caspian Sea Is a Puzzle.
Tbe Caspian sea was thought, h
tbe earliest periods of recorded time
to be part of the great "stream oi
ocean" surrowdlng the habltahh
earth. HerodoOus,. the Greek Baedek
sr. mentions a -visit to It In 4.VS B. C.
when It was as even greater mysten
? - ? -? ~t
than today, for then no one knew Its
Some authorities claim that the Cae
plnn had Its origin In a great Inland
sea. an Asiatic Mediterranean, with
an outlet to the Arctic ocean. In
support o( the Arctic outlet It Is point
ed out that seals are still hunted in
the Caspian and there are other forms
of life which show evidence of Arctlfc
ancestry. It Is argued that the Cas
pian owes Its present size to climatic
changes and evaporation. That the
sea has reached other levels Is evident
by the numlier of terraces that can be
seen hack from the coast. However,
to complicate matters, the weak de
velopment of the terrnres indicates
that the sen did not stand at nny one
I level for a long time. Walls and cities
have been fourd In many sections un
derneath the surface, an Indication
that the level of the water was even
| lower at one period than It Is now.
Shifting shore lines nre not the only
eccentricities of the Caspian Al
though 85 feet helnw the level of Its
neighbor, the Black sea. and with no
known or possible outlet, the Caspian
Is less than hclf as salty. It is only
threeelghlhs as sally as the ocean.
Furthermore, the northern part, which
receives large <iunn!ltles of fresh wa
ter from the Volga. Ural and Terek
rivers. Is so slightly salty the water Is
The Rlack sea, with approximately
an equal surface and almost the same
climatic conditions, not only retains a
constant level hut Is continually dis
charging at the Dardanelles. Tet the
volume of water (toured Into the Black
sea is not nearly so great as that
which the Caspian receives. The Vol
ga. alone, drains almost half a million
square miles into the Caspian.
No other Inland body of water Is
so richly storked with fish, nor has as
wide a range of species. The Caspian
presents nn intermingling of salt and
fresh water forms. Before the World
war the annual catch. Including the
seals of Krasnovodsk bay, was valued
at more than Ave million dollars.
Willi nn area equal to that of the
state of California, or more than all
the C.reat I_akes combined, the Cas
pian sea today occupies the deepest
part of a great depression situated to
the west and south of the L'rnl moun
tains. The northern or fresh water
half Is shallow, nowhere reaching s
depth of more than 118 feet. The
southern half, however. Is cut by two
deep depressions and soundings have
reached 3.000 feet.
Coastal Strip Is Narrow.
Both the north and the east coast*
are flat and hard to approach. Can
casus mountains on the west snd the
Elburz on the southern, or Persian
shore are close to the sea and leave
only a narrow coastal strip. On this
strip nre most of the Important dtles
of the region. Taken as a whole the
Caspian Is not an attractive body ol
water. Its shores are as barren as the
granite boulders of Its bordering
mountains. As there Is no fresh wa
ter above or below the surface of the
ground near the southern coasts, the
inhabitants must bring drinking watei
from long distances or condense sen
water. One of the distinguishing fea
tures of towns along this part of the
Caspian sea Is the floating condenset
1 plant, usually some worn-out steamei
or sailing vessel. Sometimes the wa
ter Is piped ashore, sometimes It le
carried In tank barges and then ped
1 died around the streets, as Is milk Ir
I Baku, the capital of the Soviet re
public of Azerbaijan. Is the largest
city on the sen and the center of s
i prosperous, busy oil region. Its sur
, roundlngs are like those of the nitrate
' towns along the const of Chile, only
t the settlements are more numerous
snd better built. Before the war Baku
was one of the roost Important ctthi
> In the Russian empire