The Alamance Gleaner 1
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, IN, C., THURSDAY MARCH 6, 1930. NO. 5.
1?Former President Coolldge and Mrs. Coolldge surrounded by a throng of movie actors on their visit to
Hollywood studios. 2?Scene at opening session in the school at Dark Hollow, Virginia, which was huilt by Presi
dent and Mrs. Hoover for Blue Itidge mountain folk. 3?Russian Soviet workman ripping on Icon from a church
that was transformed into a workers' club.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Hoover Asks More Economy
in Santo Domingo.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
PRESIDENT HOOVER started oft
the week with a plea to the people
of the nation to be moderate in their
requests to congress for appropria
tions for projects in various parts of
the country. His aim is to keep gov
ernmental expenditures down to a fig
ure so reasonable that an increase in
taxes will be obviated. Though this
should seem a worthy aim, and in
stating It the President carefully made
it plain that he was not reflecting on
the wisdom of congress, he brought
upon himself the wrath of some of the
senators, notably Mr. Glass of Vir
The appropriations situation was the
subject of a White House breakfast
conference attended by Republican
leaders of both houses of congress^
Secretary of the Treasury Mellon, Un
dersecretary of the Treasury Ogden
Mills, Col. J. C. Roop, director of the
budget, and Walter II. Newton, one of
the President's secretaries.
, Mr. Newton issued a statement in
* which he enumerated proposals for
increased expenditures totaling $1,
735,000,000, which he said if approved
would imply an increase'in taxes of
40 per cent. The list, however, in
cluded many projects that the con
gressional leaders had either never
heard of or knew would not be given
serious consideration. Consequently
the imposing list did not appear to
Senator Glass, reading Newton's
statement in the senate, declared that
"nothing more shameless has ever
emanated from the White House with
in niv thirty years of service in con
gress." The President, he said, was
setting up a straw man merely for
the purpose of knocking him down,
since, as every one knew, qiany bills
were introduced at every session of
congress only for home consumption
and with no idea that they would be
enacted into law.
Mr. Hoover, meanwhile, had given
out a statement obviously intended to
pacify congress.* In It he said: "It
should be understood that the unprece
dented drive now In progress for new
legislation and for expansion of es
tablished services which increase ex
penditure beyond the budget, only in
a small per cent originates with mem
bers of congress or heads of govern-,
ment departments. It originates from
different sections of the country itself
and from various groups and organiza
tions, each vigorously supporting their
own projects. Many of these projects
are worthy and no doubt can and
should be undertaken some time over
future years, especially when funds
are free by completion of legislation
already adopted." And he urged "the
people at home" to realize that the
government cannot undertake imme
diately every worthy project.
IMMEDIATELY after the issuance
of the President's economy plea the
house adopted a senate resolution a;>
propriating $7,<K)0,OC0 for loans to
farmers in the flood stricken areas of
fifteen Southern and Western states,
though opponents declared the meas
ure was "j>ork" and "political ,pie.'*
Under the resolution, as adopted, the
secretary of agriculture may make ad
vances for the purchase of seed, feed
and fertilizer, which banks refuse.
I,oan8 in only six states, Alabama,
Florida, Georgia, North Carolina,
1 South Carolina and Virginia were
authorized under the original senate
resolution. The house agriculture
committee, however, added Ohio, In
diana, Illinois, Minnesota, North Da
kota, Montana, and New Mexico and
the house itself tacked on Missouri
I and Oklahoma.
Representative O'Connor of Okla
homa said: "Everybody knows the
purpose of this bill is to get congres
sional votes, but so long as you are
cutting the pie, Oklahoma wants its
THE Dominican republic was In the
throes of a revolution last week.
Insurgent forces, determined to keep
President Vasquez from running for
re-election and to assure the free
choice of his successor in May, assem
bled in various parts of the Island and
marched on the capital city, Santo
Domingo. They entered the city firing
volleys in the air and were enthusi
astically greeted by the populace.
There was no bloodshed as the rebels
took possession of all the public build
ings. President Vasquez took refuge
in the American legation and other
administration leaders sought the pro
tection of various foreign consulates.
Vice President Alfonseca resigned.
Charles B. Curtis, the American min
ister, was acting as intermediary be- j
tween the insurgents and the govern
ment and was trying to bring about an
agreement whereby the situation could
be solved without bloodshed or dam
age to property. The insurgent lead
ers had promised to respect all lives
and property and made no changes
except in the police force of the city.
John M. Cabot of Massachusetts, a
young member of the American em
bassy staff, was most active as the
emissary of Minister Curtis and after
a swift trip to Santiago to confer
with Rafael Urena, chief of the In
surgents. he was hopeful that a peace
able settlement of the whole con
troversy could be arranged.
In Washington It was said by offi
cials that it probably would not be
necessary to send marines to the
Dominican republic to protect Ameri
can lives and property. If they are
needed, however, there are plenty with
in easy reach, and the scouting fleet
is now in Caribbean waters.
CAMILLE CHAUTEMPS. Radical
Socialist, and his government of
France lasted only five days. Then
they were denied a vote of confidence
by the chamberc'of deputies and were
forced to resign. Chautemps told par
liament he had no intention of follow
ing the radical policies of the left
wing, except that taxes would be re
duced, but would maintain the lines
of action which Andre Tardieu, his
predecessor, had outlined, including his
policy in the naval conference at Ix>n
don. The center refused to believe
him, and the left wing was displeased.
The vote, which was 202 to 277 against
Chautemps, showed there Is no real
majority In the chamber of deputies
and that any government can survive
only through a coalition of center and
Raymond Polncare was called by
President Douinergne but declined to
undertake the formation of a ministry
on the ground of ill health. So Tar
dieu was given the Job again and
Poloeere said he would help him,
though he could not accept a place In
the cabinet. The expectation was that
Tardieu would be able to make up his
government in time to resume work
in the naval conference by March 5.
WHEAT raisers and wheat specu
lators had a lively time last week.
Europe had the idea that the United
States and Canada were going to
boost the price of wheat, so it obtained
its supplies In other markets and cut
down its consumption. Then Chair
man Legge of the federal farm board
made the statement that the board
would not support the wheat market
so as to stabilize the price somewhere
near the price its purchasing agency
was paying and that it would buy only
from co-operatives. This was some
what distorted and misunderstood in
parts of the country and the result
was that non-co-operative wheat was
dumped on the market and prices fell
alarmingly. The farm board's funds
were then used to purchase large
amounts of May and March wheat,
this led other buyers into the market
and prices rallied considerably.
Mr. Legge, after conferring with
President Hoover, issued a statement
designed to co-ordinate the farm
board's program with the govern
ment's efforts to stabilize business gen
erally, and asking the co-operation of
the grain trade in restoration of the
grain markets. Mr. Legge added sig
niticantly that the board will staniT
firmly on its wheat loan policy and
that he is confident its co-operativ?
agencies "will get the loan figure out
of their wheat," namely, $1.18 a bushel
PIERRE S. DUPONT, chairman ot
the board of the E. L Dupont d?
Nemours company of Wilmington, N ;
J., was the star witness of the wet? I
before the house Judiciary committee
and he and others almost as well
known argued strongly for modifica
tion of the dry laws. The day before
the committee heard \V. W. Atterbury,
president of the Pennsylvania railroad,
who urged that the Volstead act be re
pealed and authority be delegated tc
the states to determine for themselves
what is intoxicating liquor and whethei
they should enact legislation to en
force the Eighteenth amendment. He
expressed the opinion that "a great ad
vance in the real cause of temper
ance" would be made by properly reg
ulated manufacture and sale of liquor
under state and national supervision, j
similar to the Canadian and Swedish
systems, with these modified to suit
conditions peculiar to America.
ROMAN Catholicism lost one of Its |
most eminent churchmen In the |
death of Raphael Cardinal Merry del
Yal, arch-priest of the basilica of St.
Peter's and secretary of the congre
gation of the holy office, and former
papal secretary of state under Pope
Pius X. The cardinal, who was u
member of a noble Spanish family,
passed away after an emergency oper
ation for appendicitis. He was sixty- j
four years of age. In 1003 and again
in 1914 he was urged as a candidate
for the papal throne but failed to get \
the necessary two-thirds vote of the
college of cardinals. He was prom- I
inently identified with the Intran- |
sigeant party that upheld the church's
right for temporal power, and was an j
opponent of modernism.
Only a few days before the death
of Cardinal Merry del Yal came that !
of Carlo Cardinal Perosl. The college j
of cardinals Is thus reduced to 28 j
Italian and 30 foreigners, there being
Other deaths of the week included j
those of Mabel Normand, screen star;
Ahrned Mlrza. former shah of Persia: '
MnJ. George H. Putnam, New York
publisher, and Eugene Byfleld, Chicago j
hotel man and sportsman.
CHARLES EVANS HUGHES was
sworn In as chief Justice of the
Supreme court on Monday, the oath I
being administered by Justice Oliver |
Wendell Holmes, the Nestor of the
Among the decisions handed down |
by the Supreme court was one de
claring constitutional the provisions
of the packers and stock yards act
authorizing the secretary of agricol- j
ture to prescribe maximum rates for
the services of commission dealers at '
public stock yards. ^ j
(ft. it SO, WMtire N?w>^ap?r Union.)
|i CUPID 1
I \ PLAYS AN 1
I ' OLD-TIME I
I GAME ;? I
(ffi by D. J. Walsh.)
Constance was going abroad
because her mother considered
European travel the finishing
touch to a young girl's educa
tion. As for the girl herself, she would
have preferred vastly a summer of
tennis and swimming, golf and long
gallops through the woods. More
over, the European party was not to
her liking?a group of girls from her
boarding school chaperoned by n very
Victoria* lady principal.
On the afternoon of the first day
out Constance stole away to the stern
of the ship. Across the white-capped
undulations of water she looked long
ingly toward New Tork; yet It was
hard to be thoroughly snd with the
tang of palt air In her mouth and a
stormy June breeze whipping her
cropped curls. Surely something
would happen to make her days less
tedious. For Constance something
The waves were making such noise
as they sloshed against the sides of
the ship that Constance did not hear
some one approaching along the deck
and did not notice that a young man
stood by her side, and, like her, braced
his elbows upon the railing. It was
not until he spoke that she turned
to behold a veritable Apollo come to
ride the sea with Father Neptune.
"I'm Richard Burlington?Princeton
"25?In search of Constance Talbott,
whose picture, that didn't half do her
justice, for four years adorned the
bureau of her cousin, Jim Thayer,"
the young man began with a grin that
was in Itself Introduction enough.
"Any chance of my finding her ap
Constance matched the grin with a
smile that Involved her Hps, her eyes
and merry little crinkles along the
bridge of her nose.
"Probably," she encouraged, "since
you've approached the right girl at a
crucial time and In an excellent place.
I'd have known you anywhere, Dick
picked up as a pretty good sort from
Jim's club group. Where're you go
The youth shrugged eloquently.
"Ask Dad. He knows."
"Not In a party?" Constance In
"In Just that. And you?"
"With Miss Tarktngton."
"Shake." Dick Burlington exclaimed,
giving Constance's hand a brotherly
wring. "I know how you'll suffer."
"What can we do about It?" Con
stance Implored, the corners of her
mouth and the bigness of her eyes
"Console each other on ship board
and then meet In Europe as often as
we can. Since we're both landing In
Naples, we can't miss each other
often. Beaten path, yon know."
"Oh, don't I?" sighed Constance,
folding her hands In St. Cecelia resig
nation and casting heavenward those
eyes that matched the cerulean sky
above her. "Capri, Sorrento, Pompeii.
Blue Grotto, Roma, Flesola, Flrenzl.
Venice, Milan, l.ugano?
"Domodosola ^png Frau. I.uzerne,"
Dick added In Constance's sing-song
rhythm. "Art galleries to the right of
us, churches to the left of us?"
"Guldo, Angelo, Titian, Murlllo,
Fllippo," Constance giggled, for the
tlrst time amused at the sound of the
old artists' names.
"Phillpplno, FIJI, Boar?all the same
to me," Dick said by way of closing
the subject. "The Important point Is
that you and I have seven days on
this ship which we must make the
And so until Naples loomed upon
the horizon on the morning of the
eighth day, Constance thought little
of Miss Tarklngton and her brood.
When her steamer trunk was locked,
however, and she stood on deck talk
ing to Dick for possibly the last time,
gloom again shrouded Constance's
"Cheer up, child," Dick consoled,
but bis boyish grin achieved a poor
semblance of gayety. "Ill trail you
If I have to employ every guide un
hung and consult every oily-tongued
Just then by some Instinct unex
plained Constance turned and beheld
within hearing distance none other
than Miss Tarklngton herself looking
more than ever angularly severe. Her
highly arched nose, which always gave
the Impression of sniffing something
disagreeable, pointed straight toward
the ship's mast, and her small, close
set eyes Inspected Constance suspi
ciously through the lower half of bl- J
"Isn't It nice that we are landing
now?" the girl remarked In base by
pocrlsy as she felt herself propelled
toward the girls who In Mlse Tarklng
ton's absence huddled together un
Constance choked per'lously. She
arns leaving Dick Burlington with no
Idea when she would see him ugaln?
handsome, dear, gallant Dick with
whom she bad played through seven
That night awaiting In a Neapoli
tan hotel her turn for the nocturnal
bath. Constance heard her name called
In UUa Tarklngton's nasal treble.
"I'll not have young men annoying
my party," the lady principal was
saying to the demure little damsel who
shared her room en voyage. "If Con
stance's friend keeps appearing I'll
change my Itinerary."
Constance shook a fierce little list
at the partition separating her room
from Miss Tarklngton's. Life had
suddenly become full of a number of
things that were terribly distressing.
Through southern Italy Constance
tried to remain lm|>ervlous to beauty,
but she ended in admitting that every
thing would have been quite perfect
with Dick substituted for the ten who
Hocked with Miss Tarkington. Even
Rome for a few days was endurable.
After that churches and galleries be
gun to pull. Over two weeks and not j
a glimpse of Dick ! Constance was al
most numb with ennui and longing, j
Dick had promised to Hnd her, and he !
was not keeping his promise.
Then one fine morning, when Con [
stance stood In the Rosplgliosi palace
trying to admire the Aurora as re
flected In the tilted mirror, she found
herself looking straight Into the eyes
of Dick Burlington. Constance saw
her cheeks In a sudden Home lielow
eyes thut shone, and she saw Dick ns
triumphantly happy as a hunter who
has treed his game. Be led her out of
the crowded little room Into the Ital
ian sunshine that all at once seemed
to Constance to be casting about her
rays of molten gold.
"How have you lived through It?"
Dick fairly panted.
"I haven't," Constance replied with
a giggle not at all corpselike. "You
brought me to life."
"What's your hotel, Constance?"
"A thing that goes under the mis
nomer of Kden. Heavens! Here
"Come, dear," tlie lady principal I
said to Constance with a brief nod '
for the Interloper, "we mast see Ml- ,
chael killing the dragon at the church
of the Capuchin monks."
"Isn't that crenfure dead yet?" Con
stance moaned as she was led away.
That evening at dinner Miss Tar
klngton sprung a change of phins hut
she would not divulge her next step
Constance, remembering that she had
had no chance to get the name of
Dick's hotel, felt as though she would
pass away at once. So the hopeless
maiden went to the porch In front of
the Eden and sat In wretched solitude.
The slow-departing Italian twilight
merged at last Its pastel loveliness
into the royal purple of the night.
I.lfe seemed to Constance sadder than
Italian nights and not so beautiful.
She dropped her face Into her hands
and her shoulders trembled a little.
Dick, Dick, lost In Europe!
A car stopped at the curb. Two
hands dragged Iter into the tonneau
and continued to hold her.
"Plnclon hill," a familiar voice
cnlled to the driver.
Ten minutes later Constance walked
with Dick-along the enchanted paths
to the garden point that overlooked
the seven hills of Rome. She held her
breath as the glorious panorama un
folded before her. She realised with
a thrill of pleasure that Dick was
looking at her and not at the dly.
lie was taking both her hands and
compelling her eyes with his.
, "Constance, I love Rome when I'm
with you, because I love yon," he said.'
"There's only one way to escape the
guides and guidebooks. You'll have
to marry me tonight."
"Can one elope In Italy?" Constance
"Romeo and Juliet did." countered
the resourceful Dick, "and my Friar
Lawrence Is waiting. Besides. I cs
bled Dad plans and troubles and he
In a quiver of happiness Constance
permitted the wonders of Rome to be
hidden by the nice roughness of
Dick's coat. Europe, beautiful, glam
orous Europe, was spreading before
her In endless vistas of romance.
Anthracite coal first came Into gen
era I use for that purpose about IStO
although It had been tried successfully
some ten years earlier. About 180>'
anthracite reached Its peak as a blast
furnace fuel, when 2.500,000 tons were
used. By 1925 its use had been die
continued, having been superseded l>y
Mary Jo's brothers call her "sister."
Recently a new neighbor observing
the little girl playing with her broth
, en asked the four-year-old whether
j she had any slsten.
"We have one sitter, I'm It," was
I the reply.
Jrao Discoveries i
Uncovered Portion of a Temple at Nippur.
(Prepared by the National Geographic
Society. Washington. D. C)
SELDOM elites a month pass with
out the announcement of a new
discovery In the Near East that
pushes farther back knowledge
of roan's activities on the earth: the
uncovering of a tomb, n forgotten city,
or a hidden inscription. One of the
richest regions In hidden lore of the
past is the valley of the Tigris and
Euphrates rivers in what is now
known as Iraq. It is there that some
of the most far-reaching discoveries
have been made.
A little over a half a century ago
what was known concerning the an
cient peoples of the nearer East, be
sides that which Is contained in the
Old Testament, could be written In u
very brief form. Israel was then re
garded as one of the great nations of
antiquity. Abraham belonged to the
dawn of civilization. The references
to other peoples In ti e Old Testament
had little meaning, for few appreciat
ed the fact that the history of many
prc-Israelitisli nations had practically
faded from the knowledge of tnun.
The pick and spade of the explorer,
however, and the patient toil of the
decipherer have thrown a flood of light
upon the situation; ruin-hills of the
past have been opened up to the light
of day, out of which emerge marvel
ous revelations in the form of written
records and other remains.
These, although written in lan
guages and scripts' the very existence
of which was unknown to man for
two thousand years and more, are now
forced to reveal their story of the re
ligion, politics, science and life of not
a few of the ancient and forgotten
These researches have resulted In
astounding revelations. Israel, Instead
of being one of the foremost nations
I of antiquity, is now found to have
been a small power which had thrived
| in the late pre-Christian centuries, and
had occupied a comparatively insig
nificant position among the great na
| tions of its age. Instead of the patri
arch Abraham belonging to the be
ginning of time, it Is now found that
be occupies a middle chapter In the
history of mankind.
Early Peoples Were Cultured.
But, above ail else, one of the great
est surprises is that the earliest peo
ples, Instead of being barbarous or
uncultured, were civilized and pos
sessed a culture of a high order. lu
i fact, the greatest creations of the
Babylonians In literature and art be
long to the third and fourth, and per
haps earlier, millenniums before
political and religious institutions
were already ancient In the days of
the patriarchs. What may be regard
ed as primitive is found, but It points
fo a still greater antiquity than the
earliest periods now known.
Not only did the builders use brick
Instead of stone at Babel, but they
also used clay for their writing ma
j terial. Annual Inundations deposited
sand and clay of a fine quality in the
valley, which wai used tor this pur
pose. The well-kneaded, but unbaked.
Inscription, lying perchance beneath
the disintegrated abodes of the ruined
building, though yearly sod for mil
lenniums saturated thoroughly by the
winter rains or inundations, when
carefully extracted from Ita resting
place of from two to six thousand
years und allowed to dry, often ap
pears as If It had been written yes
terday. The original plasticity or
adhesiveness of the sun-dried tablet
returns. The baked tablets, as would
be naturally expected, on the w-bole
are better preserved.
The daw of the earliest known In
scription Is st ill undetermined. The
chronology prior to 2*JI> B. C. is still
in a chaotic state, and jet the recent
discovery of a tablet giving several
new dynasties, besides many other
facts which have been ascertained, ot
ter sufficient indications of a much
greater antiquity for the earliest
known inscriptions than have been
The Hoffman tablet, in the general
theological seminary. New Tort elty.
bears one of the few known archaic
Inscriptions. To assign it the date
?jouu IS. C wonld he a modest reckon
ing. And yet the characters are so
far removed from the original pictores
that in most inKr.nces It Is only by
the help of Ihe values they possess
that the original pictures can be ser
miseu. It describes s tract of landL
While in all known periods day was
the writing material, important royal
documents, votive and historical In
scriptions. etc.. are found on stone,
and In some instances on bronze.
Not unlike other scripts, the cunei
form was originally pictorial; bat. as
in Egypt, the hieroglyphs became more
nnd more simplified and conventional
The runeirerm inscriptions in ciay.
stone ami metal that now repose la
museums and in private collections
number hundreds of thousands.
Several ancient libraries and Im
mense archives have been found. Tears
ago the literary library of Asbarbnni
pal mi discovered at N'inevah. It
appeared to the excavators that ths
library, had been deposited In the up
per chamliers of the palace, and that
when the building was destroyed they
fell through to ;he lover floors, where
they were found in masses.
The Inscriptions showed that they
bad been arranged according to their
subject in different positions In, the li
brary. Each series had a title, being
composed generally of the first words
of the first tablet. L'snally at the end
of each tablet Its number in the series
Till of Lifs of the People.
In more recent years temple and
school libraries have been found nt
Nippur, Slpar, Larsa. Babylon and
Erech. Besides these libraries Im
mense archives of temple administra
tive documents belonging to all peri
ods have been found in practically all
sites where excavations have been
conducted by the Occidental or by tbe
Illicit diggings of tbe Oriental.
These tablets record tbe payment
Into the temple of stores of tithes or
offerings of drink, vegetables, or ani
mals. of taxes, rents, loons, and also
tbe disbursement of this property.
There are dowry and marriage con
tracts, partnership agreements, rec
ords of debts, promissory notes, leases
of lands, houses, or slaves, deeds of
transfer of all kinds of property,
mortgages, .documents granting tbe
power of attorney, tablets dealing with
the adoption of children, divorce,
bankruptcy, inheritance; In fact, al
most every Imaginable kind of deed
or contract is found among them.
Again and again are we forced to
exclaim as we become acquainted with
tbe dolDgs of the ancients from these
sources that our boasted civilisatioa
baa developed very little In tbe es
sentials of life
Tbe number of official and personal
letters of most periods that have been
found Is also quite large. From tbe
royal letters, such as those of Ham
murabi to one of his governors, or
those found In the library of Ashnr
bonlpal. considerable information Is
gained dealing with the dril affairs
In the land and with foreign affairs
of other lauds, sspscially Armenia sad