The Alamance Gleaner
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY MARCH 27, 1930. NO. 8.
1?President Ortiz Ruble of Mexico (with head bandaged) making his first public appearance since the attempt
on his life. 2?Bishop Manning of New York and other clergymen pray for an end to the Russlnn church perse
cutions. 3?C. W. Tombaugh of Lowell observatory, who discovered the new planet, with his first home-made telescope.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Hopeful Signs in Business
and Industry Indicate Re
RETURNING prosperity Is heralded
In hopeful signs seen In various
lines of business and industry in the
United States. Reduction in redis
count rates by Federal Reserve banks
and cheaper call money have given
great vitality to the stock market
Money is cheaper today than It has
been in five years. In New York the
official call rate dropped to 2 per cent
while some loans were made outside
at 1H per cent.
The United States employment serv
ice in Washington reports that busi
ness and industry are consolidating
the progress made in January for an
ekpected upturn in employment during
the spring months. The automobile
Industry has made a sharp upward
swing in production, registering the
largest output of passenger cars and
trucks since October. Other Indus
tries such as electric equipment, air
plane, silk and rayon show increasing'
activity with a full complement of
The gigantic building programs pro
jected throughout the country, to
gether with great1" betterment programs
by public utility companies, will fur
nish employment to an army of work
ers, the report states.
WORLDWIDE demonstrations have
been featuring the struggle be
tween established religion and the
atheistic commission of Russia.
Bishop William T. Manning of the
Protestant Episcopal diocese of New
York recently participated with other
clergymen in a prayerful protest
against Russia's anti-religious policy
at services held at the cathedral of St.
John the Divine in New York city.
Pope Pius, before a congregation of
BO,000 In St. Peter's In Rome, led
Catholics of the world in Intercessory
services against religious persecution
in Soviet Russia. In Chicago, New
York, London and many other cities.
Catholics participated In similar
Anti-religious demonstrations con
tinue in various parts of Russia and
plans have been completed by the
Society of Militant Atheists for the
opening of an "anti-God congress."
Germany and Czechoslovakia report
attacks by communists on churches In
some parts of those countries.
HOPE that a way has been found
to break the Franco-Italian dead
lock over naval parity, which threat
ened the very life of the flve-power
naval conference In London, was seen
In remarks made by Arlstlde Brland.
French foreign minister, after a pri
vate talk with Premier MacDonnld.
M. Briand said:
"Always when things seem at their
worst one finds a way out That U
true now. We have been talking
?boat means to bring the conference
to a successful conclusion and we are
going to apply those means as quickly
In refusing to discuss details, the
French leader continued:
"I am In the habit of chattering
too much, and then I am reproached
for It afterwards. We have been tak
ing our bearings and experts have
been making the observations pre
The smile on Premier UacDonald's
face as be left M. Brland gave further
assurance that the situation had taken
? new turn and that optimistic events
were in the air.
However, this optimism Is not shared
by the other powers and a suggestion
to adjourn the conference until June,
to meet at Geneva concurrently with
the League of Nations preparatory
disarmament commission has been
OCT of the tense situation that con
fronts grain producers of the
country comes an important announce
ment from the Farmers National
Grain corporation, the grain co-opera
tive of the federal farm board. In
making public the result of their sur
vey on congested grain storage facili
ties in the United States, they an
nounced their Intention of purchasing
and building additional elevators
throughout the grain producing area,
by means of loans to co-operative as
"In less than three months the
movement of the new wheat crop will
begin In the Southwest," said the cor
poration's officers. "There is great
need for facilities in that area. Some
new construction is required and some
of the existing houses need enlarging.
Some houses now owned hy others
must be acquired by co-operatives.
Some sub-terminal warehouses should
The harvest Is farther away in the
spring wheat nrea, the report said, but
the problem Is "in some respects sim-;
ilar, and hardly less pressing."
GKEAT BRITAIN Is mourning the
passing of one of Its most em
inent public men. The death of Earl
Balfour removes from the scene one
of the great Victorian statesmen. He
was the last surviving minister of
Queen Victoria, but so keen was his
Intellect and so persistent Ills youth
that until his final retirement a year
ago he was regarded In Great Britain
as a modern statesman.
The end came peacefully to the
statesman, who was In bis eighty-sec
ond year. He had been distressingly
111 for a long time with laryngitis.
From the time he entered parlia
ment In 1374 until the closing years
of his life he figured as an Important
factor in British politics. He suc
ceeded his uncle. Lord Salisbury, as
leader of the Conservative party, and
served as premier from 1002 to 1908.
CENSORSHIP by federal court*
over Imported obscene, lmnforal or
treasonable literature was almost
unnnlmously adopted by the senate,
and Included In the tariff bill, after
two days of spirited discussion. In
which chnrges of Intolerance, denun
ciations of the principle of censorship
and pleas for the protection of the
morals of young America rang through
the senate chamber. The amendment
to the tariff bill, as adopted, provides
that questionable literature may be
seised at the port of entry, but cannot
be destroyed until It has been Judged
In a federal court and adverse de
PRIMO DE RIVERA rest* in a sol
dier'* prove, honored by the high
est tributes a nation can bestow. The
body of the man who ruled Spain as
dictator for six years and then went
Into exile, was placed beside the body
of his wife to San Isldro cemetery In
Premier Berenguer and - foremost
dignitaries of the country. Including
King Alfonso, participated Id the
The man, who In 1923 seized, and
for six years held In his soldier's hand,
the destinies of 20.000X100 Spaniards
snd the ancient dynasty, came to his
end suddenly and alone In a hotel
room in Paris, a virtual exile. He had
lived there quietly for the month that
elapsed since he took the hint from
his successor that bis presence In
Spain might be dangerous and would
complicate the task of a transition j
government and crossed the frontier
Into France. De Rivera was in his
INCOME tax receipts from the March
15 collections as shown by the
treasury totaled $314,200,r>oS. exceed
ing by more titan $40,000,000 collec
tions for the same date last year.
This sum was the total for the month
of March as shown in the treasury
statement for March 18.
PRESIDENT HOOVER has an
nounced his purpose of complet
ing the housecleaning which he com
menced a year ago in the southern
patronage situation. Commenting on
the recent report of a senate commit
tee. Mr. Hoover pointed out that the
Incidents dealt with were not recent
and that all federal officials known to
have engaged in improper practices
had either resigned or bgen removed.
"Under Instructions to the various
departments of the -government," said
the President, "a system has been es
tablished hy which these reprehensible
practices hare been absolutely stopped
and the system of purchase and sale
of appointments, so far as it existed,
has been ended."
Although two and ? half biuion
dollars will be spent (or streets
and highways throughout the country
In J930, the economic loss from con
gestion and accidents due to Inade
quate planning In metropolitan areas
will equal this amount, I'resldent
Charles M. Hayes of the Chicago Mo
tor club declared at a meeting of
traffic experts of the American Auto
mobile association In Washington.
D AND IT hordes In Kiangsi province
of China have massacred more than
2,000 men, women and children in the
Fuan district Reports reaching
Shanghai said the wholesale slaylngs
were committed early this month un
der the direction of the bandit chief
tain, General Chuteh. He Is reported
still occupying the district Fearing
further massacres. American, British
and Japanese gunboats are patrolling
the Yangtse river.
SECRETARY WILBUR has appealed
to all evangelical bodies In the
United States to Join In the drive to
The "shocking facts" of Illiteracy
are being called to the attention of
the chnrch organizations now, he snld.
In order that plans can be made at
the annual meetings this spring for
active participation In the campaign
sponsored by the government.
Mr. Wilbur said that the 1920 census
reported 4,931,905 persons ten years of
age and over unable to write In any
OWING to extensive activities of
common lata in the Phltlpplnea.
Gen. C. E. Nathorst, chief of the con
stabulary, haa made a request to Gov
ernor General Da via that proletarian
congresses be denied the nae of the
mails throughout the Islands.
The boycott of American goods,
spread of communist doctrines among
the Ignorant masses of the islands and
the active participation of communists
In the recent school strike at Uanlla
were among the activities which
caused the request to be made.
ATWENTT-FOCR honr strike *u
declared in Cuba as a protest
against unemployment. The affair
passed off without serious disturbance.
The police charged that the strike was
In compliance with orders from the
third Internationale In Moscow. It
was estimated that 200,000 workmen
walked out. Public utility plants and
railroads were about the only Indus
tries not affected.
<c ma. Wasters newspaper CsloaJ
I HER HEART |
I NOT BROKEN I
1 BUT IT WAS I
1 L0ST 1
<? bjr D. 1. Walah.)
WHEN Veronica Long looked
up and aaw Doctor Byfleld
coming along the hospital
corridor she knew Instinc
tively that he wa? about to ask her
to perform some unusual duty. She
was not prepared, though, for the ex
treme oddity of the commission he Im
posed npon her.
"Mr. Lelghton will send his car fbr
you this afternoon," he told her.
"You're to go right to the young man s
room as soon as you arrive. He will
probably be napping, but when he stirs
you're to begin at once trying to pull
him out of himself. You're to pose as
a distant relative who has arrived for
a visit unannounced. Mind?no uni
form?only your prettiest and most
becoming frocks. No hint of hospitals
or medicines. You're to tease him, tan
talize him, boss him?anything to
arouse the spark I know must be left
in that otherwise healthy makeup.
He's In bad shape. Sneaked off and
got Into the war when he wns a mere
infant and he has never recovered
from his terrible experiences overseas.
I know you can help him. His family
are desperate over his failure to re
spond to any of their efforts."
"Why pick on me. Doctor By field?"
"Because you're the only nurse on
my staff that Td trust to go there and
not lose her head. Bob Lelghton is a
handsome devil and I don't want the
heart of the best nurse I've got brok
en. Are yon sufficiently forewarned?"
"Amply. I'll be good and report ev
ery day or two."
Ronnie Long was strangely confi
dent that she knew exactly how to
handle Bob Lelghton's case. She had
been overseas herself and was not al
together unfamiliar with cases of
America's finest whom the tragedies
of the World war had turned from
men Into seemingly mmovable. stony
Robert Lelghton, Sr. greeted her
very cordially and asked her If she
understood the terms of their con
tract. When she answered affirmative
ly he asked her to lose no time going
to the young man's quarters.
When she opened the door softly
she found herself In a large, pleasant
reom. beautifully furnished. One
whole side of It was screened and
open to a view of the mountains.
Stretched out asleep on a long loung-'
ing chair lay the man whom she
knew must be her "patient."
She sat down across from him and
a little way off, opening her book to
rend, planning to begin operations by
startling her patient with her pres
ence when he awakened. Losing her
self In the first Interesting pages of
the novel, she finally looked up quick
ly to be startled herself. Bob lelgh
ton was looking at her as though he
had been at It for hours, with a pair
of soft brown eyes, weary In spite of
the amusement in them.
He spoke first. "Are you real or
"You'll find I'm very real." she an
swered with a little chuckle. "I'm
Veronica Long. You didn't know you
possessed a Far Western cousin with
nerve enough to wish herself on you
for a visit without being Invited, did
"Let me see-I believe I have heard
such a person mentioned, but I didn't
know she hailed from the West."
Ronnie decided that she had made
an auspicious beginning. Already she
had aroused him to the point of feign
ing knowledge of her Instead of stub
bornly refusing to talk to her. as
Doctor Byfleld had warned her he
might do. That night Bob decided to
try dining with the family and got by
with only one short lapse Into one of
his deadly apathetic spells.
As days lengthened Into weeks the
process of the treatment she was us
ing gave Nurse Long some question.
She teased Bob from his dark moods
of despondency; Inveigled him Into
doing things he utterly refused to do
at first; she even angered him occa
The black, dangerous moods passed
slowly. She felt that she was winning,
but the state of her own heart and
mind, as her patient grew to be more
and more himself, worried her con
"Idiot I" she told her image as she
was combing her hair one night be
fore retiring. "Here yon are doing ex
actly what Doctor Byfleld warned you
ngainst. You're lot In* your heart to a
man who is so far above you socially
that be won't stop to dust his shoes
on you when he learns the truth."
It had been arranged that Ronnie
was to accompany Boh on a fishing
trip In the Maine woods as a climax
to the good work she had been doing,
but she hud made up iter ntind that
she simply could not carry It through.
She spoke to Mr. Leighton about It
and in spite of his earnest pleading,
she said she was determined to return
at once to the hospital. Then she
went to Bob's room to say good-by and
collect a few of her minor belong
??What's doing?" he asked casually,
watching her flit about the room. "You
act as though we were starting for
Maine today Instead of next week."
"I am not going to Maine." she be
gan, turning her back so that she
needn't see his face. "The show's
over, Bob. I'm not your cousin Bon
nie from out West. I'm Veronica Long,
a nurse, and I'm returning to my hos
Before she guessed what he would
do or say he slipped up behind her
and caught her to him. Then he
turned her face toward him and
crushed the soft scarlet of her mouth
beneath a deluge of caresses.
"My dear," he Anally stopped to
say. "I knew who you were and why
you were coming even before you ar
rived. I heard Dad and Doctor By
fleld plotting over the telephone one
day when they thought I was asleep?
listened In on my room phone here.
At first I was furious and wasn't going
to allow you to come in. Then some
devilish, unnatural impulse prompted
me to let thein bring you here so that
I could make you miserable, but the
very first time I set my eyes upon yon.
as you sat here reading, I knew what
was going to happen. I'm here to tell I
you, Bonnie, you've done the work you
came to do so darn well that I'll have
the most awful relapse you ever heard
of If you don't promise this instant to
marry me and go to Maine with me
as we planned. I've known for days
that I was going to try, at least, to
make the trip a honeymoon. Won't
you listen to me, dear? I'm no longer
a sick man, but I swear to you I will
be If you refuse me."
"But you and I belong to such dif
ferent social strata. Bob. I?I'm a
working gill, you know."
"Stuff and nonsense! Didn't we both
flglit to make the world safe for de
mocracy? Wasn't the Imprint you Just
helped to obliterate made by lying In
filthy trenches alongside plumbers and
gas men and butchers and bakers and
candlestick-makers? Can't you make
yourself care for me Just a little?"
"W-e-l-l," she hesitated helplessly,
"If you Insist on knowing, I was run
ning away from you because?anyway
?you're the one who'll have to tell
Doctor Byfleld that ids best nurse's
heart Isn't broken?It's lost?irretriev
Submarine Finds Wracks
A one-man submariner which can
search for wreck* on the bed of the
ocean, has been built at Milan, Italy.
It Is a torpedo-shaped boat, f?3 feet
long and 10 feet wide, with twin pro
pellers, operated by electric motors,
capable of developing 400 horsepower.
The underwater detective sits in a
steel chamber, like a conning tower,
and a similar chamber l>ehlnd him
contains enough oxygen to allow CO
hours under the water.
The vessel is equipped with a
movable searchlight, a mechanically
operated camera for taking photo
graphs and a telephone to give the
course and distance steered. Dial
recorders give the depth, and there
is a log to record the mileage.
The very pale-faced man entered the
doctor'* consulting room.
"Well, sir," said the medico, "and
what Is the matter with you?"
"I believe I've caught Insomnia."
confessed the patient nervously. "I
cannot sleep a wink until round about
three In the morning."
"Nonsense, man !" replied the doctor.
"Insomnia Is not contagious."
"It Is In my case, though," returned
the other. "The baby In the flat be
low has it."
Medieval Dining Table*
A conspicuous peculiarity of medi
eval 'lining una the fact that the
gueata aat only on one aide of the
table, the other aide being reserved
for the service. When there was n
banquet, the tablea were often ar
range') In the form of a horseshoe,
both to facilitate the service and to
provide space for dramatic perform
ances or "cabarets." as they would
be known today, which were often
Introduced between courses.?Detroit
World'* Cold ud Silror
The world monetary Mock In (old
and allver for the year ending Jnne
SO. 1020. waa $10,528,000,000 In (old
and $4,000,000,000 In allver; for the
Cnlted Statea $4,370,000,000 In gold
and $845,000,000 In allver.
Is there do utility In pleasure, pray
you. when It makes a man's heart the
better for It. as do. I sm very certain,
son snd flower* and Stevenson??
i pJm&tffcm ^
View of Point a Pitre, Island of Guadeloupe.
(Pr?psr*<l ?t National Gvocrwhtc
Society. Waablncton. II. C.I
FUAXCE'S far-flung colonial em
plre was advanced at the Lon
don conference for the limitation
of naval armament* a* a son
for a large French navy. The va*t
area that France once owned In the
Western hemisphere has shrank while
her possessions In Asia and Africa
have greatly expanded. Bat even In
Ihe Americas the French as st.ll
flies at a number of scattered points.
France's farthest north territory In
America, the Miquelon island group
off the southern shore of Newfound
land. Is little known. Even this tiny
parish of granite-ribbed, fog-shrouded
Islets that recalls the rich empire of
New France has had a stormy time
of It remaining under the French flag.
It had been captured from France
by Great Britain before Wolfe's vic
tory at Quebec marked the beginning
of the end of French control In Can
ada ; and when the defeated nation
ceded Its vast areas to Britain. the
latter gave bock the Mlquelons as a
sort of "consolation prise." The lit
tle Islands were to serve as a base
on this side of the Atlantic for the
French fishermen who had built up
an Important Industry on the New
foundland banks, as had the British
themselves. The unsettled status of
the Islnnds rortlnucd. however, and
between 1703 and 181.1 they changed
hands half a dozen times, sometimes
lielng depopulated. Since 1815 Frauce
has held undisputed control.
8L Pierre, the capital and chief
port of the Islnnds, became very pros
perous as a result of the thriving
French fisheries, and In 1884 It was
the leading Ashing port of the
world. There were handsome homes
In the little town and a social life
that made St. Pierre a miniature
Paris. But the Mlquelons' prosperity
and gaiety were cut short by a pro
saic factor?bait. AfT-iirs of empire
I In 1001 moved statesmen In Paris to
sell 'the French treaty -lghts to entcfc
smalhdfch on the Newfoundland coast
for s<Ac millions of francs and terrl
! tory In Africa. The Newfoundland
i fishermen had been Jealous of their
French rivals on the banks, especially
, since a generous government subsidy
[ enabled Ihe French to undersell all
competitors In the principal world
markets. Newfoundland soon passed
the "Bait Act" which urohlhlted the
sale of bait to ships of aliens, ami
; from that time the prosperity of the
I Islnnds has waned.
Miquelon Islands Now of Small Value.
St. Pierre Is now only a gray little
village with a past but no apparent
future. A quarter of the houses are
vacant, and the quays, once thronged
with vessels whose yard-arms Inter
! locked, now have but a sprinkling of
| ships, even at the height of Ihe fish
ing season. When bait was plentiful
1 SL Pierre was a real base of opera
1 tlons. Now the decimated French flsh
| Ing fleet operates from France, put
1 ting In at SL Pierre only Incidentally.
Economically these last of France's
North American possessions amount
to little; but France vqlues them for
the same reason that Great Britain
has valued Newfoundland: as s field
for the training of seamen, and there
fore ss a strengthener of her navy.
The Mlqoelon archipelago consists
of Grand Mlqnelon. some twelve miles
long by sis wide. Petite Mlqnelon or
l-onglade, a trifle smaller, and St.
Pierre, only seven miles by two. In
addition there are a number of tiny
rocky Islets of little importance. St.
Pierre, though the smallest of the
three major Islands has always been
the center of population because of
Its harbor. In the days of lis pros
perlty the town had fi.000 residents
and 10,000 additional Frenchmen
sometimes thronged Its streets luring
the fishing season. Now the village
never sees more than 3.000 people at
any time. Many cf Us discouraged
residents have emigrated to the
Almost due south 1,300 miles are
France's next American possessions.
Islands at the eastern edge of the
Caribbean sea. Caodelonpe la the
largest of the Lesser Antilles. This
Island group has suffered many natu
France in the West Indies.
To the visitor going ashore. Point
a Pit re. the commercial capital ad
Guadeloupe, does not loot like a town
prepared for the worst. But It al
ways is Point a PStre Is prepared,
and Basse Terre. the capital, and all
Guadeloupe Is prepared for hurri
canes. earthquakes and volcanic erup
tions. Its preparedness Is to be seen
principally in the construction of its
houses. When u news story says that
suburbs of Point a litre have been
laid flat. It gives more worry to thn
outside world, probably, than to thw
Goadelonpians. Frequent experience
with hurricanes has taught them tu
build with light wood. Let the wind
blow their houses down. This type ad
house can be built quickly and
Guadeloupe, with Its nearby viands.
Marie Galante. named for a Spanish
flagship: Deslrade. named because It
wcs the desired island sighted by
Columbus: and the Saints, comprise
an area half as large as our smallest
state. Rhode Island. All year arownd
the natives enjoy the perfection ?d n
tropical sea climate: all the ysnr ex
cept when a hurricane bursts out fld
Two shipping lines connect Guade
loupe to France. The island people
are proud of France. They copy her
sidewalk cafes and her food: they
cling to a French patois: three thou
sand of them marched 10 Moscow with
Napoleon; and many of them served
under the Tricolor In the World war.
By travelers, however. Guadeloupe
is remembered chiefly for her por
teuses. her swizzles and for obeah.
The swizzle is a drink made of in
gredient! produced by the islands?
Guadeloupe rum added to crushed
lime*. Ice and a little sirup. The coo
coctlon Is whipped 'nfo a froth and
sipped at the end of each sentence
during a leisurely conversation.
Obeah. on the other hand, is some
thing that does not exist. Almost no
one can he found who will admit he
believes in it. yet many do. Obeah is
a cbarm; it is black nagte. allied to
the practices of voodoo worship.
Fame of Martinique.
Farther south, beyond the British
island of Domlulca. lies perhaps the
most famous of French American pos
sessions. Martinique. Island birthplacw
of Kmpress Josephine. The Island has
an area of 38.1 square miles much of
It mountainous. The population la
about 2.71.000 and U therefore very
dense?much greater in the inhabited
portions than the Indicated average
of (MO to the square mile.
Martinique suffered a great trag
edy In 1902 when Its famous volcano,
Ml Pelee. erupted and totally de
stroyed the nearby city of St. Heirs
with a loss of 40.000 lives. There was
even a suggestion that the whole ol
Martinique be abandoned: bat only
one-ten:b of the area was devastated,
and the Island Is now more prosper
ous than before, while the population
has Increased from 1S2.000 to 250,00(1
St. Pierre, which was the metropolis
and most beautiful town no tbe Is
land. has never been rebuilt.
The southernmost of France's Amer
Iran territories la French Guiana on
the mainland of South America. This
too. Is the moat extensive petch of
French land In the Western hemi
sphere. embracing 34.740 square
miles. The area of the colony Is thus
slightly greater than that of Mains
or South Carotins. In this extensive
region there nre less than 30.000 In
habitants (exclusive of satire tribes)
and aboot one-third of tbe 50.000 live
In the chief town. Cayenne French
Guiana Is. on the whole hot and
moist, and large areas are covered
with dense forests Tbe colony la
best known, perhaps, because of Its
ofT-shore penal colony. Derll's Island,
to which France seeds her most hard
ened and notorious criminals.