The Alamance gleaner 1
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY APRIL 10, 1930. NO. 10.
1?Ruth Elder, aviatrix, helping christen two amphibian airplanes of the New York police which are stationed
?at the first air police precinct in the United States, at North Beach. 2?New bridge over the Columbia river
between Longview, Wash., and Ranier, Ore., which has Just been dedicated. 3?Fine home on R street, Wash
ington, which has been purchased by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Taking of Fifteenth Decen
nial Census Under Way
With New Features.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
T JNCLE SAM Is counting his nephews
and nieces and finding out a lot
about their prosperity or lack of It.
In other words, the fifteenth decen
nial census Is being taken. This big
Job will be finished In the cities with
in two weeks of the start, and In the
rural districts within one month.
Besides population, this census In
cludes unemployment, agriculture. Ir
rigation, drainage, manufactures, rain
ing, and distribution. The distribution
census, which Is a new feature, will be
made up of statistics of goods sold by
wholesale and retail merchants and
dealers and of the number of persons
employed In trade. Unemployment,
considered as a separate subject of
Inquiry, also Is new, although some of
the previous censuses have Included
a single question asking the number
of months in which persons have been
unemployed during the year.
For the first time each family Is
asked whether It owns or rents Its
home, the value of the home or how
much rent Is paid. Another new ques
tion concerns the age of each Indi
vidual at first marriage, and a third
question, "Is there a radio set In your
home?" Answers to these questions
are expected to furnish valuable new
Information never before compiled in
the United States.
It will be Interesting to compare
the results of the count with the fig
ures given by the census clock, an
Ingenious piece of mechnnlsm in the
office of the director of the census In
Washington. At one minute after
midnight on April 1. when the census
started officially, this clock gave the
population of the United States as
The enumerators actually began
their work on April 2, and at one
o'clock that afternoon President
Hoover met J. Sterling Moran, super
visor for the District of Columbia,
outside the White House and handed
him a filled out family schedule.
Everything In It was confidential, as
Is the case with the replies of every
other person In the country.
Missouri, New Jersey nnd Idaho con
tested for the honor of having com
pleted the first district In the census.
Centertown, Cole county. Mo., which
takes its name from the fact that It
Is the exact geographical center of
the state, telegraphed Its claim to be
ing the first town to complete the
task, to census headquarters. Con
testing that honor was Kootenai coun
ty, Idaho, which reported the enumer
ation there completed at 0:30 a. m.
Morris township, Morris county, N. J.,
fl-i.i-l onrir In fhn afternoon.
THOUGH wet and dry figure* are
not Included In the census, those
supplied by the Literary Digest's na
tional straw vote are being given out
dally and are apparently significant
enough to give the supporters of pro
hibition In Its present form consid
erable concern. Dry lenders protest
that this poll Is unfair, and Senators
Jones and Dill of Washington as
serted In the senate that the ballots
were sent mostly to men. Mr. Dill
asked the Digest editor whether wom
en were being discriminated against
am) was told that the ballots were
sent to the same persons who get
tliem In a Presidential election poll
Because of the consideration of the
tariff bill on the floor of the houss
of representatives, the Judldary com
mlttee'g hearings on the Eighteenth
amendment were suddenly halted. Dr.
F. Scott McBride, superintendent of
the Anti-Saloon league, and four other
dry leaders were permitted to Insert
their statements in the record, but the
wets, much to their disgust, had no
opportunity to cross examine them.
The keynote of all the statements
was sounded by Doctor McBride In
this sentence: "Prohibition at Its
worst, even In the worst cities and in
the worst places within these cities,
is better than the old-time licensed
liquor traffic at Its best."
Doctor McBride declared that the
wets have failed to prove their major
contentions ? that the Eighteenth
amendment falls to contribute most
effectively toward the solution of the
liquor problem; that the people are
asking for repeal, and that they, the
wets, have a constructive program
upon which they can unite.
FOLLOWING several hours of dis
" cussion, the house by a vote of 421
to 153 approved of a special rule to
Bend the tariff bill to conference. The
rule made no mention of the verbal
understanding that before final action
Is taken by the conferees separate
votes will be asked In the house on
sugar, cement, lumber and shingles.
The conferees appointed by Vice
President Curtis and Speaker Long
worth were the ranking members of
the senate committee and of the
house ways and means committee.
They Include none of the so-called
SENATOR NORHIS of Nebraska,
sponsor of the pending resolution
for government operation of tiie Mus
cle Shoals project, In a speech In the
senate demanded that the American
Farm Bureau federation repudiate
Chester Gray, its Washington lobby
ist, asserting that Gray had been ex
posed by the lobby Investigating com
mittee as a traitor to the farmers'
cause. The Nebraska senator re
viewed Gray's co-operation with the
Tennessee River Improvement asso
ciation, a lobby in behalf of the cyanam
Ide bid for Muscle Shoals formerly
headed by C. H. Huston, now Repub
lican national committee chairman.
CONGRESSMAN SNEIX'S resolu
tlon calling for tbe appointment
of a joint congressional and executive
commission to stndy the question of
giving the President power to draft
man power and capital In event of
war was passed by the house without
a record vote.
Approval of the measure after tlve
hours of acrimonious debate was fea
tured by a signal victory for labor
Interests opposed to tbe conscripting
of worklngmen for Industrial pur
poses In wartime. In Its original form
tbe Snell measure provided for a
study of labor conscription as well as
the drafting of Industry and man
power In event of war. 80 much op
position developed to the labor phase
of the Inquiry that an amendment was
Anally adopted stipulating that tbe
commission "sbonld not consider and
should not report upon the advisability
of conscripting labor."
OVER production of wheat In tbe
Northwest may be checked If the
farmers take kindly to the plan pot
forward by Chairman Legge of the
farm board at the suggestion of Dr.
J. L. Conifer, chief economist of the
tarlfT commission. Tbe plan Is for
the fanners to exchange part of their
seed wheat to the farm board for flax,
barley, rye and oats for planting this
year. Coulter, loaned to the farm
board, started on a two weeks' tonr
of the wheat belt to try to put the
scheme tato effect. He hopes to est
the wheat acreage In Minnesota and
the Dakotas by two million acres.
It Is forecast by tbe Millers' Na
tional federation that tbe United
States' carry-over of the present crop
Into the new crop year on July 1 will
be close to that of a year ago. The
carry-over this year is estimated at
243,300,000 bushels, compared to 245,
000,000 bushels on hand last July 1,
the forecast states.
WHATEVER else comes out of the
London naval conference, there
is to be a three-power limitation
agreement. It was officially announced
at American delegation headquarters
Thursday that the American, British
and Japanese were in complete accord.
The Americans and British, at a
meeting with the Japanese at St.
James' palace, Indicated acceptance of
the Japanese reservations. The only
points to be settled are details relat
ing to Japanese reservations on the
scrapping and replacing of ships in
order to keep their dockyards work
ing. It was said there would be no
factor of difficulty in any of the Jap
anese reservations. The Iteed-Mat
sudalra formula had previously been
accepted by the Japanese government
with four reservations which were
considered merely technical.
With this highly encouraging basis
to go on, the delegates went ahead
with their negotiations designed to
satisfy the security pact demands of
France in the high hope that the
French and Italians could be brought
into accord with the other powers
for the adoption of a five-power
treaty. Italy was asked to Join with '
Great Britain and France in a mutual !
security arrangement affecting the
Mediterranean, and conversations
were continued concerning how far
the British should go in guaranteeing
France against aggression. Prime
Minister MacDonald has given parlia
ment assurance that Great Britain
will undertake no new military com
mitments, but it was hoped the French
could be satisfied, nevertheless. The
plenary session of the conference,
scheduled for Friday, was Indefinitely
postponed so that Briand and Hen
derson might continue their search
for a formula acceptable to both their
governments, and also to Italy, whlcn
had not abandoned the demand for
parity with France.
Nationalistic organizations of Japan
staged a demonstration against the ac
ceptance of the Reed-Ma tsudalra
WILLIAM T. COSGROVE, whose
resignation as president of the
executive council of the Irish Free
State parliament was forced by an
adverse vote, was re-elected by the
da II elreann by a vote of 80 to 6.1.
F.amon de Valera and T. J. O'Con
nell were first proposed for the place
and were defeated decisively after a
long and bitter debate.
r\R. OTTO BRUENINO, the new
chancellor of Germany, has
formed a ministry which has a good
chance to last for some time, although
it Includes no Socialists. A motion
of no confidence In the cabinet, pro
posed by the Socialists and Com
munists, was defeated, 2.12 to 187,
because the Nationalists, who hold the
balance of power In the reichstag, re
fused to support It. If thd govern
ment had fallen Chancellor Bruen
Ing, with the consent of President von
Hlndenburg, would have dissolved
the reichstag. He gained the friend
ship of the Nationalists hy promising
a generous farm relief program.
BY THE big majority of 530 to 55
the French chamber of deputies
ratified the Young reparations plan
and authorized President Doumergue
to sign this finnl act for llqaldatlon
of the World war and for the evacua
tion of the Ithlneland. The closing
day of the debate was quiet, despite
warnings of the Nationalists that with
drawal of French troops from the
Rhlneland would release another Ger
(?> mo. Wwtars Nowspapsr Union.)
I THE 1
I LAYETTE 1
1 FOR THEIR I
| JUNIOR / I
<? by O. J. Wmllh.)
PEGGY CONNOR tapped her even
white teeth with the stubby pen
cil and scowled at the sheet of
figures, if she saved rigorously
she might be able to do It But It
would be penny deals, with sometimes
a dime or a quarter. Tim's salary did
not admit of any more expense. And
he must be fed properly. The way lie
worked he wap entitled to good food
Peggy was not yet the wonderful
manager she meunt to be some time,
but she was learning?learning hard?
slow but sure. Leftovers and stale
bread bothered her. And now came
this business of tbe layette.
Thirty-five dollars would buy a
beautiful layette. Of course, the more
you paid the lovelier were the articles.
She had set her heart on the $35 one.
To that end she pondered and saved
Before the $35 was gathered In the
little tin bank Tim Jr. arrived. When
he was three weeks old, a pink, puck
ered, squirming little bundle of hope
and promise, Peggy said to her hus
"Tim, darling) I've got the money
for Junior's layette at last! Cousin
Alice sent me $10 and Aunt Maria
sent me $5. That Just makes It. But
I can't go downtown and bny the
things myself. You will have to do It,
Tim scratched his ru sept-colored
head. He looked down at his son, clad
Immaculately, but rather shabbily, In
some things Cousin Alice had hastily
assembled and sent. Yes, he'd do any
thing for Junior. And more than any
thing for Junior's mother. He stooped
and kissed Peggy's cheek and looked
love Into her wide, brown eyes. Be
fore the day was over he would cer
tainly find time to buy the articles she
wanted. Peggy said he could trust
Miss Gordon to advise him. Miss Gor
don was the saleswoman in charge of
the department store Peggy deslg
Left alone, Peggy wns wonderfully
happy. She did the housework. She
planned dinner for.Tlm. Then Junior
?he had to be bathed and tnlcumed
and dressed and kissed and admired
and wondered at All the time she
was thinking of what Tim was going
to bring home that night The layette!
She could picture tt?the durling tiny
things. It was Just as well that
Junior had had to wait for his first
outfit, because she hadn't learned yet
to sew so awfully well.
Tim usually bounded up the stairs,
although he must be tired after all
the work he had done. Tonight he
was late and he did'not bound. lie
entered a bit reluctantly. Under his
nrm was a package.
"Where's the box?" demanded Peggy.
"Yes! The Inyctte. It comes In a
box. Tim! What have you there?"
Tim put the large parcel down upon
the table. He looked miserable. Ills
hands fumbled as he removed the
wrapping. Out came a vase. An ugly
vase. It seemed to Peggy. She stared
at It unbelievingly.
"You'll hate me," Tim said. "But I
Just felt I had to do It, Peg. I?well.
It was put up to me, sort of. Rufus
Page Is selling out and quitting here.
He Is going back home. He did me a
good turn once?that time I had ty
phoid. You remember I told you about
It Well, he's In hard luck. His wife's
got to have an operation. I went In
their apartment and looked around.
It was full of queer things. All I saw
I'd bring home with me wns this
"How much did you pay for It?"
Peggy waa tight lipped.
"Thlrty-flve dollar*," he *ald.
Peggy went Into the kitchen. She
leaned agalnat a cupboard door, her
hand to her throat Junior's layette!
A wild Impulse came to her to break
the rase. After a few dreadful mo
ments she calmed down.
"Dinner's ready," she called life
She did not look at the vase or
speak of It again. It stood there, a
wretched reminder of Tim's thought
less folly. Tea, It was that?thought
less folly. Rufus Page?she knew all
about him, working a little, painting a
few pictures, marrying a girl with ex
Days passed. The rase sat there.
Peggy dusted round It. She would not
lay a linger to It She hated It But
she was determined that Tim should
have it to look at until never again
would he make that kind of error.
Meanwhile, Junior was fairly bursting
oat of hi* charity clothes.
She plunged. She got materials and
tried to make him a little (rock. But
It wus not a? pretty as (he could have
bought. She wept over the result.
One morning Tim wrapped up the
vase and sneaked off with It under bis
arm. Peggy pretended not to see
That night he hounded up the stairs.
He burst In, radiant Under Ids arm
was a box. He thrust the box Into
"There's that thing you wanted?
that layette. It cost fifty dollars.
Look at It! See If you like It!"
Peggy, white with surprise and joy,
opened the box, examined the con
tents. A fifty-dollar layette! Every
thing handmade, pink ribbons, rose
buds. stitcliery. Joy brought color to
her face, even brought tears to her
"Oh, Tim! It Is perfect. But how
did you do It, Tim? Tell me!"
"Ilufus said that vase was a wed
ding present to his wife. I thought
thirty-five dollars wus steep, hut the
boy was strapped; he had to have
cash. Well, I took that vase down
town with me this morning. 1 made
np my mind I would get rid of U for
something. I was so dnrned sick of
seeing It standing aroupd. I went Into
Windsor's. It was a real something
or-other. They gave me seventy-five (
dollars for It. I got the layette. And
there's twenty-five dollars for you to
do what you please with."
Peggy was laughing, yet at the same
time wiping her eyes. With practical
ity she counted the precious hills Tim '
gave her. Twenty-five dollnrs.
"This Is going to start Junior's edu
cation fund," she said proudly. "He
he's going to have a great big chance
In life. For I?1 want him to be as
great a man as his father!"
Ths Supreme Test
A member of the advertising force
was homeward bound, after a hard
day on tbe links. He lived In one of
those row houses so Identical with
each other that once you lose count
you must return to the comer and
start over again. He had lost count.
But It was late and he took a chance.
He entered the front door. Now for
the supreme test. Placing a heavy
handkerchief In double fold across
his eyes he stood In the center of the
living room and coughed. A step was
heard on the stairs. Then?ping!
Lights danced before the advertising
man's eyes. He smiled happily. He
hud guessed right. It was Ids own
Ills van hod been badly smashed.
The Insurance representative called
and said; "We are sending you a good
second-hand van tomorrow In ex
change. as the old one Is not worth
The owner replied that he was not
wanting the other van just now; he
had not recovered from the shock and
would rather have the money.
"Oh. no," said the Insurance man.
"If you rend the policy very carefully
you will find that we can supply you
with n van ns good ns you lost, or
pay the money at our discretion."
"Weil, then," said the owner. "If
that Is llie case, cancel the policy on
my wife."?London Answers.
Many Harmless Shark*
There ore 250 recognized aperies of
shark, says Van Campen Hellncr In
Field end Stream. The largest of
these, the hashing shark and the whale
shark, which reach a length of from
30 to 50 feet, are sluggish creatures,
harmless as kittens. The big sleeper
sharks of the Arctic seas are so heavy
and stupid they frequently are strand
ed on mud flats hy the outgoing tides,
and have not enough energy to get
out of the wny of a person who at
tempts to kill them In the water.
Tribute to the Fox
The fox Is a helng one cannot help
loving. For he Is, like man's servant
and friend the dog, highly Intelligent,
and Is to the good honest dog like
the picturesque and predatory gypsy
to the respectable member of the com
munity. lie Is a rascal. If you like,
but a handsome red rascal, with a
sharp, ctever face and a bushy tall,
and good to meet In any green place.
?From "The Book of a Naturalist,"
by W. H. Hudson.
Asbestos Known to Ancients
The name "asbestos" Is derived from
the ancient Greek word meaning a fab
ulous stone, about which It was said
that once set on (Ire the (Ire could
not he quenched. The noncombustlble
character and spinning quality of as
bestos liber were undoubtedly known
to the ancient world. Plutarch men
tions "perpetual" lamp wicks used by
the Vestal Vlrglos.
Few Froncb Banking Law*
The only French banking laws In
force are those dealing with the Rank
of France and organizations In the
Held of popular agricultural credit For
ordinary commercial banking there are
no laws or regulations as to organiza
tion. management reserves, audits or
Inspections to protect either the de
positors or shareholders.
DESERT CEREMONY I f
Death valley, Calif., hat its Easier
sunrise service, commemorating the
time-honored pioneer dead of the
great valley. Hundreds of persons
gathered last year at Stove Pipe
wells where a huge cross was erected
on a sand dune around which the
ceremony was conducted. In the
congregation were old-time prospec
tors, miners and desert rats, many
of whom suffered the hardships
which were necessary for the open
ing of this vast territory to civiliza
Sea the land, her Eastar keeping, ]
Rises as her Maker rose.
Seeds, so long in darkness sleeping.
Burst at last from winter snows.
Earth with Heaven above rejoices,
Fields and gardens hail the spring;
Sbanghs and woodlands ring with
While the wild birds build and
Burden of Cross Must
Be the Christian's Lot
Calvary dramatized the uge-long
conflict between love and force, be
tween freedom and oppression, be
tween the life of the spirit and its
material environment. Itome stood
for the satisfaction of man's lusts
with the possession of things and the
exercise of the power such possession
conferred; Jesus stood for the satis
faction of man's soul with the knowl
edge of God and the exercise of the
power which comes through right re
lationship with God. Itome could not
understand Him, so It crucified Him.
He was a disturber, and Itome dis
So far as Ills disciples appreciated
the significance of the drama they
were witnessing, they realized that to
adopt the Ideal of Jesus meant con
flict with the forces which Itome rep
resented. Ills way ran counter to the
world's way, and. where the oppos
ing conceptions of life Intersected, the
cross was made which every follower
of Him must bear.
Mngr thoinndi attend annual
Easter dawn services at Hollywood
bowl. Tbo advent of dawn, marking
the alert of tbo aunriao services, la
heralded by tbo blaat of a trumpet.
Bringa Moaaago of Life
All nature aeema to dance on Easter
day. In harmony wltn the all-pervasive
spirit of joy. And why? Because It
tells of life. Because It dispels the
terror of the grave- Because It ban
Ishes tbe chilling fear of death. Be
cause on It a trumpet sounds through
out the untrerse the tidings of eternal
- vj ?
EASTER TIME 1
By Kathcrin# Edtlm&i ||
dated with Easter
peaks of joy and!
tope. There is a |
'alliance aboat the j
lay that fills erery (
Mart with happft-j
teas. The new-bore!
>eanty that pre-!
:laima sprinf is'
iwakeeieg seems te
re-echo the gladness and promise of
the festival and to speak in dear and
unmistakable language of glorious
resurrection, of triumph and victory
?ver death. In the soft winds that
ire whispering abroad you can boar
this message, you can fed it in the
wonder of budding tree and flower,,
ind thrill to it in the joyous bird'
tongs that fill the woodland. All
(peak of lasting beauty, of resurrec
tion, of immortality. The gloom and
the darkness of winter have departeds
the fields and trees that seemed dead
tnd lifeless have awakened into now
life and beauty; hope and joy soeas
to be everywhere. The promise given
to man has come true. The One that
ay broken and bruised and cold baa
Mine forth from the darkness of tbe
tomb, glorious, triumphant. He has
proved that there is no lasting deaths
that tbe grave does not mean the
sad; that a greater and a more beau
tiful existence awaits mankind. AS
this tbe Easter day brings to us; a
sappy, beautiful message that mast
thrill every heart with its joy.
(?. 1J3S. Western Newspaper Union.)
When Easter tings across U?s not ML
I think that every tea
Reflects the Use that danced open
The waves of Galilee.
I tkiak that every bit of sky
That holds a kiat of shower
Is like the sky that grieved above
Gethsemaae in flower I
When Easter sings across the ootid.
I like to think men bvild
New dreams in memory of One
Whose dreams were never hilled.
I like to tkiak that kinder words
To weary folk are said.
Because Christ toiled up Calvary,
With tired, down-bent head I
?Margaret E. Sangster in
SPIRIT OF EASTER v
Following tho nix wookn* pirini of
ponitenco, Christians throagboat tha
world rojoico on tha anniversary of
tbn rnsorroction of Christ on Eon tor.
Easier tells us that right will win,
that truth shall ultimately reign, that
man shall he what Cod Intended be
should be, a son of the Infinite, a lit
tle lower than the angels.
Cone the old tribal life. Gone the
law of blood revenge. Gone the mid
night orgies when human beings were
burned as torches In the gardens of
heartless monarch*. Gone the days
when woman was but a beast of bur
den. Gone the days when virtue was
mocked, and vice held forth In high
Easter Is radiant with these tri
umphs. new hopes, new aspirations,
new life. The soul Is Immortal. It
Is God's masterpiece. The new day
dawns. The shadows flee away.
Man's hope has bridged the chasm
between a mortal world and eternal
English Easter Custom
An ancient-custom, connected orig
inally with ceremonial religion, is the
kiss of peace given at Easter, Hunger
ford. In Wiltshire, England, being one
of the few places where It still linger*.
On Easter Monday two beadles march
through the town taking a kiss from
every woman. In the case of men, this
Easter offering or tax. Is commuted
for a payment of one penny. When
the beadles have been around the par
ish any man Is permitted to embrace
any girl he meet*.