The Alamance gleaner 1
VOL. LVI. ' GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY JUNE 5, 1930. ~~ 1 NO. 18.
1?Looking aft on the new cruiser Salt Lake City during her trial "blue water" run. 2?Tanker W. W. Bruce
almost cut in two by collision with tanker Scottish Maiden off New York. 3?Tug-of-war In the Pythian games,
revived at Delphi, Greece, after twenty-four centuries.
NEWS REVIEW OF
London Naval Treaty Will
v Be Dealt With by Senate
in Special Session.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
T> ATIFICATION or rejection of the
London naval treaty will be ac
complished by the senate In a special
session, to be called by President
Hoover Immediately after the adjourn
ment of congress about June 15. This
was the plan decided upon by majority
leaders of the senate and house with
the approval of the President. It was
considered best for congress to g?
ahead with the business before It,
complete that and adjourn without
taking up the treaty. The house lead
ers said they were ready to set a date
for ending the session as soon as the
senate was prepared for such a step.
Opposition to hasty action on the
treaty, by opponents of the pact, and
a desire on the part of members of
the house to get through and go home
were two of the major reasons for
the decision reached. President
Hbover's announcement that he In
tended to call a special session, If
necessary, to Insure early action on
the treaty was a principal factor.
Senators Johnson of California and
Ilale of Maine, leaders of the oppo
sition, were especially vehement In
their objections to what they called
on attempt to railroad the pact through
the senate by administration senators.
Under the program adopted, the tariff,
rivers and harbors, omnibus and vet
erans bills will be acted on In the
senate before congress adjourns.
More members of the navy general
beard and other high officers of the
navy appeared before the senate com
mittee on foreign relations and naval
affairs to tell why they consider the
London treaty dangerous for the
United States. Much of their testi
mony was to the effect that It would
make It Impossible for the navy to
protect this coantry's trade rontes;
there also was further criticism of
the reduction In the number of large
cruisers for America and of the In
creased ratio given Japan.
T~\EBATE on the conference report
on the tariff bill was Just getting
Tinder way in the senate when some
one raised a point of order which was
sustained by Vice President Cnrtls
and under which the measure was
sent back to conference. Consequent
ly final action on tbe bill was delayed
for at least one week.
The point of order related to a
clause In the flexible provision per
mitting the tariff commission to make
effective changes In dntles If the Pres
ident failed either to approve or dis
approve a recommendation for an In
crease or decrease within 00 days.
Bepubllcan leaders were concerned
over the fact that several additional
points of order may be made relating
to rate Items. If these are sustained
further delays are In prospect.
FIOUBES presented to tbe senate
campaign expenditures committee
revealed that Senator Grundy of Penn
sylvania spent $291,UX> out of his own
pocket In his losing campaign for re
nomination and that the total cost of
that campaign was $332,076. Secretary
of Labor Davis, who defeated Grundy,
told the committee that he expended
and pledged out of his own funds
$10,541.45. He said he also handled
abont $10,000 In contributions to his
campaign wblcb be turned over to his
| Trends H. Bo hi en, who ran against
Senator Grundy and Secretary Davis
with the backing of the Association
Against the Prohibition Amendment,
testified that the total expended for
the ticket which included himself and
candidates for governor and lieutenant
governor was a little more than $200,
000. Of this amount $10,000 was con
tributed by the association.
C011E ef the dry leaders in the sen
^ ate were considerably more dis
turbed by the ruling of the Supreme
court, that the ordinary purchaser of
intoxicating liquor Is not guilty of an
offense, than was the prohibition en
forcement bureau. Senator Sheppnrd
of Texas, for instance, urged the early
enactment of legislation to make the
"liquor buyer punishable under the dry
laws. Sheppard was co-author of the
Eighteenth amendment. Early in the
present session he introduced a bill
to make the seller and purchaser of
Illicit liquor equally liable to punish
ment. Senator Jones of Washington,
author of the "five and ten law," and
others opposed the views of Sheppard.
The court, in an important test case
brought by the government, held that
congress not only "deliberately and
designedly" exempted purchasers in
the Volstead act, but for ten years
"has significantly left the law in Its
Enforcement bureau officials pointed
out that the decision was entirely In
accord with the policy the bureau had
OUT In Seattle a federal grand Jury
returned indictments against Roy
C. Lyle, prohibition administrator for
Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana
and Alaska, and others on charges of
corruption and bribery. Among the
indicted are William M. Whitney, Mr.
Lyle's assistant and .legal advisor;
Earl Corwln, a prohibition agent; M.
L. Fryant, a deputy sheriff who won
notoriety as a wire tapper In the fa
mous Olmsted "whispering wires"
case, and C. T. McKInney, a young
lawyer from Kentucky who led the
prosecution of the Olmsted liquor
OFFICIALS of the Methodist board
of temperance, prohibition and
public morals were asked to appear
before the senate lobby committee to
explain Its alleged failure to report, la
accordance with the federal corrupt
practices act, Its activities In the
Presidential campaign of 1028.
Deets Pickett, research secretary of
the board, testifying In the absence of
Dr. Clarence True Wilson, Its general
secretary, Insisted that Its activities
in behalf of Hoover were "nonpollt
Ical." He pointed out that the Depart
ment of Justice has declined to prose
cute the board for noncompliance with
the federal statute.
Pickett stated that hundreds of
thousands of copies of the Voice and
the Cllpsheet, organs of the board, at
tacking A1 Smith's prohibition record,
were circulated during the 1928 cam
paign ; that the religious Issue received
attention In the Voice, a fact he now
deplored; and that, as reported to the
board by Doctor Wilson after the com
palgn, "we did use all the energy that
we -were capable of in bringing abont
the election of Herbert Hoover as
President and Charles Curtis as Vice
siptSSIVE" no longer describes the
** resistance of the Indian natives
to British rule. The rioting Is Increas
ing dally and has developed Into
bloody conflicts with the police and
the troops. What Is worse. In the
eyes of the British, Is the fact that
the Moslems are Joining their tradi
tional enemies, the Hindus. In the cam
paign In some ' localities, though In
other places there have been sangui
nary lights between natives of the two
Worst of all the rioting, bat not
directly connected with the Indian
campaign, was that In Rangoon. Id
that capital city of Burma warfare
broke out between different bands o(
coolies when laborers were Imported
to break a strike of dock workers,
and the troops were forced to Are on
the mobs. Many were killed and the
wounded numbered perhaps a thou
sand. Latest reports Indicated that
peace had not yet been restored there.
Fifteen Indian coolie women were said
to have been tortured and massacred
by coolies. All the shops In the city
were closed and the food situation was
/CHINESE Nationalist forces In
Honan province are reported to
hnve been severely defeated by the
troops of the northern alliance com
manded by Yen Hsl-slian and Feng
Yu-lislan and numbering about 200,000
men. The government troops were
forced to dig In and suspend their ad
vance on Chengchow, the rebel base,
until reinforcements arrive. The two
armies have been engaged In battle
along the railway south of the Yellow
river since May 8.
ORGANIZED labor won a big vic
tory when the Supreme Court of
the United States .upheld an Injunc
tion restraining the Texas and New
Orleans railroad, a Southern Pacific
system subsidiary, from organising a
so-called "company union" o" Interfer
ing with the activities of the Brother
hood of Railway and Steamship
Clerks among Its employees.
F) ETERMINED to hold down gov
ernment expenditures for veter
ans' relief to reasonable figures, Presi
dent Hoover vetoed a bill broadening
the basis for pensions for Spanish
war veterans which would have added
from $11,000,000 to $12,000,000 to an
nual' costs to the government.
"I am In favor of properly dis
charging the national obligation to
men who served In war or become dis
abled and are In need," said the Presi
dent In his veto message. "But cer
tain principles are Included In this
legislation which are opposed to the
Interest both of war veterans and of
CAPT. BOSCOE TURNER, flying a
Lockhead Vega monoplane, set a
new record for the east to west trans
continental flight. Starting from New
York, he made one stop, at Wichita,
and landed at Glendale, Calif., In 18
hours, 43 minutes, 34 seconds elapsed
flying time. He battled strong head
winds all the way to Wichita. Tur
ner's only compnalon was a Hon cub,
The Graf Zeppelin, after spending
an hour or two In Bnenos Aires, re
turned to Pernambnco for gas and
fuel and then took off on her flight to
Havana and Lakehnrat, N. J. On the
northward leg of the voyage her pas
sengers numbered nineteen. It was
arranged that Pernambnco shall be
the terminus of a regular Zeppelin
Amy Johnson, the yonng English girl
who flew from England to Australia,
Is touring the Australian continent.
She was presented with $50,000 by
SEVERAL well known men and
women were taken by death dur
ing the week. Among them were Car
dinal Lucon, the venerable archbishop
of Reims who remained In that city
throughout Its bombardment In the
World war; Mrs. Katherlne Keith Ad
ler of Chicago, popular novelist, who
was killed In an automobile accident
In France; Lord Randall Thomas
Davidson, former archbishop of Can
terbury ; Daniel M. Lord of New York,
veteran advertising man, and flaron
Aabton, the richest man In England.
(ft ISIS, Wsetsra Xswapsptr Union. > ?
if \ DOORMATS J
if VERY MUCH |i|
if OUT OF ' I:
C? bT D J. Wlllh.1
-JENNIE TURNER finished Ironing
I the eleventh pair of rompers and
I bong them carefully on the clothes
J bars along with the others. The
small kitchen was suffocatingly hot
and the steam rising from the damp
ened garments bad moistened Jennie's
fine gray hair and plastered the fabric
of her blouse close to her thin arms
and shoulders. Her upper Up showed
the pallor of overexertion. It was
four In the afternoon and she had
been np since five.
Her daughter called from the cool
veranda where she sat sewing and
watching Junior take his afternoon
nap In the porch swing. "Mother 1"
Jennie obeyed. She appeared, flutter
ing, In the doorway.
A woman sat on the steps with a
basket beside her. She was small and
stout and her attitude had the slump
of fatigue and discouragement.
"Why, Imogene!" Jennie said.
"I'm going up on the bill for a pic
nic supper and I want yon to go, too,"
Mrs. Wilcox said.
"Why?" Jennie fluttered still more.
She glanced at the downcast face of
her large, healthily colored daughter.
"What do you * think, Julia?" she
"Have you got the Ironing done?"
"All done. And there's potato and
meat to warm up for supper."
"Well, go along If you want to."
"You needn't do a thing. I've got
everything here In the basket," Mrs.
A look of pleasure had arisen to
Jennie's gentle face. She gllpped oft
her apron and soon was ready.
Silently the two women tolled np
the hill road nnUI they came to a lit
tle grove and a rock much frequented
by plcnlokers. It was already occu
pied. A woman sat with ber back to
them gazing at the view.
"WtoyJ^ Jennie gnve a little cry, "I
believe It's Miss Packer."
The woman beard and tnrned to
look at them. Surprise Invested her
large dark face.
"You're welcome," she said. "I don't
want only enough ground to sit on.
I'm dead tired."
"You look It." Jennie snnk down
upon a stone.
"So do you," Ulss Packer retorted.
"As for you, Imogene, yon look not
only done out but sick."
"It's that pain In my shoulder
again," Mrs. Wilcox sighed, finding a
seat herself. "But I shouldn't be here
If Angellne and Robert and the kids
hadn't gone to Rlverdale for the day.
After I got the work done up I de
cided Pd come up here and bring my
supper. I haven't been here before In
?I don't know when."
"Nor I," Miss Packer said. "That's
why I'm here now. The whole crew
at my house Is going to the churcb
supper. My niece has company?a
couple of girls from Rlverdale. I
didn't want anything to eat. but I did
want a little rest and quiet?that
view Is beautiful, isn't It?**
"Grand," Jennie gazed wistfully at
the array of blue mountains In the
distance. Imogene's eyes, dwelling
upon the same expanse, were greedy.
She devoured It as one possessed of
a great hunger who didn't expect soon
to be filled again.
Some time passed while the three
women sat there, their tired faces
turned to the blossoming west
Jennie Turner lived with ber daugh
ter, for whom she did the work of a
servant, although without any pay but
her food and shelter. Imogene Wilcox
lived with her son's family and sim
ilarly paid her way by working all
that she was able. Miss Packer was
Independent, for she bsd means of her
own, but she lived with her married
sister and was no better off than the
"Well," Imogene said, suddenly turn
ing to her basket "I guess we'll have
a bit of supper. You're Invited, Miss
Packer. There's plenty for the three
The food and the quiet heartened
the three women.
"It has Just occurred to me," Miss
Packer said, "that doormats hsve gone
out of fashion."
"Doormats I" Jennie laughed s Ut
ile. "Whet do yon mean?"
"I mean that we ara doormats, the
three of us, and we are heblnd the
times." Miss Packer's dark face was
grim. "Here am I so tired 1 can't
breathe walling on my sister's com
pany, while I've got money enough to
taka care of me anywhere. Alice la
perfectlv able to hire somebody to do
?II 1 do, Dut so long 01 I give of my
services she will accept them."
"Doormat*I" murmured Imogene. "I
just don't get your Idea."
"Doorman," said Miss Packer, "are
things that other folks wipe their feet
on. Pm awful tired of living the way
1 do. Aren't you, Jennie?"
"Well, duty?" began Jenny timidly.
"Duty la a one-way bridge," retorted
Miss Packer, ''lour first duty Is to
yourself. Yon are wearing yourself
out carrying that great, heavy Junior
Jennie flushed and tears came to
her eyes. 8be knew.
"And you, Imogene," went on Mis*
Packer, "are carrying round a pain
In your shoulder Just because your
poor right arm Is never still a minute.
Oh, what's the use?"
She got up, walked a few steps and
stood In a contemplative attitude.
"Right here la where I am going to
build my bungalow," she asld. "I can
buy an acre of ground from Mr. An
nold; he's been trying to sell this
piece a long time. There will be a
kitchen and a living room and three
bedrooms, and a porch that faces the
sunset and another porch toward the
hill where we can eat our meals?"
"We?" gasped Jennie.
"We three. 1 Invite yon and Imo
gene to come and live with me. You.
Jennie, can raise raspberries and hol
lyhocks; Imogene, yon can make fruit
cake and angel food for the women's
exchange. As for me, I"?she laughed
almost gayly?"I'll cook a new kind
of stew every day. I love stews, and
my sister won't have one on the
table. Otherwise, I'll loaf and Invite
"Do you mean It?" Imogene In
"You will see. And, remember, no
At that they all laughed like girls.
The first snow of winter fell upon
the secure roof of tba hillside bunga
low, wherein three women lived In
Increasing happiness and Joy.
JelTerson Bascom, mining expert,
was talking to a New York reporter
about dude ranches. He said:
"Some of these places are swell
Joints?full evening dress every night,
latest Paris frocks and high Jinks."
Mr. Bascom laughed remlniscently.
"I remember s retired officer. Col
onel Dash," he continued, "who dis
approved of the high Jinks and daring
toilettes at a certain dude ranch
where, one night, a fearless New York
girl In a beautiful evening gpwn
climbed on to a wild bronco and was
"The Joke Is on her," 1 said to
" "It Is,' he replied with a sneer.
'And that Is about all, too.'"?Detroit
During the celebration that attend
ed the publication of his one hun
dredth novel, E. Phillips Oppenhelm
"I Inherited what talents 1 possess
from my father, who, although he nev
er published anything, was a very
clever story teller. lie used to have
each of us children write a story to
be read aloud at Christmas, and as
we were never allowed to vote for
our own stories he always won
"That Is, until one Christmas, when,
at the age of thirteen, I was the win
ner. 1 shall never forget my father's
astonishment or how very pleased I
was with myself."
Caaals of Bruges
The Imaginative traveler will find
new delights In the scenery of Bruges
as seen from Its canals. From a boat
In these calm waters new nspccts of
the old Belgian city can be discovered.
The waters reflect their shores so
beautifully that It Is no exaggeration
to say that on them one sees every
sight twice?towers, houses, trees,
and cool arches of old bridges. The
view from beneath the old Bridge of
the Lions, built In 1627, frames the
vista of nearby gables and the distant
tower of St, Jacques In the soft green
trees. Swans float out In the twilight
and add much to the Idyllic quiet of
The mean level of the Pacific at the
Isthmus of Panama has been found to
be about eight Inches blgher tban the
mean level of the Atlantic. In the
month of February the levels are the
same, but throughout the rest of the
year, on account of current, tidal and
wind influences, the mean level of the
Pacific ranges above that of the At
lantic. It Is as much as one foot high
er In October.
The Paster Sayst
Every renter should become the
owner of bis own borne. Then he may
make all tbe Improvements be desires
?hut probably be will not. . . .
The business of life cannot be trans
acted without occasional heavy losses,
against wblcb regular times of wor
ship gradually build op a sinking fund.
?John Andrew Holmes.
French In do- n
? ichina u
Throno Room Building of King of Cambodia at Pnompenh.
SocTel/ Washington. D. cT>
FRANCE has recently found It
necessary to send a punitive ex
pedition across the border that
lies between Indo-Clilna and
China because of the activities of
Chinese Communists along the fron
The expedition operated from Tong
klng, northernmost of the French coast
al colonies, but the step was taken as
a protection for the whole of French
Indo-Clilna, that stretches from the
southeastern corner of Asia some 800
miles to the north and northwestward.
It Is a sizable empire which France
controls there In Asia, either by out
right possession or protectorate?
365,000 square miles, au area almost
exactly the size of the state of Texus.
The regloo Is, however, much closer
to the equator than Texas, occupying
a position corresponding to that of
southern Mexico and Central America.
Thus the French Asiatic empire Is
wholly within the tropics and in a
region of heavy rainfall.
The units of French Asia are Cochin
China, In the extreme south; Cam
bodia. In the southwest; Annam,
stretching along most of the eastern
roast; Laos, Inland and to the north
west; and Tongklng, Riling the north
ern end of the elongated territory and
extending from the const Inland for
Annam Is less completely under
French control, officially, than any of
the other states with which It Is asso
ciated In the territorial group known
as French rndo-Chlna. It lias Its own
emperor and Is listed as a protector
ate. But Annam and the twelve mil
lion people of Annamese blood really
constitute the chief factor In this re
gion of French Influence. In few
places are the old forms of oriental
magnificence maintained as completely
as In the Imperial establishment at
Hue, the capital of Annam. Until
recently the palace was forbidden
ground, and It Is still far from easy
to obtain access.
Inside the palace trails Is a rich
ness and an elaborateness seldom en
countered outside fairy tales and the
setting* of extravagant stage presenta
tions. There are picturesque gardens;
paved courts, where on occasion the
ten thousand mandarins of Annam
strike their foreheads In nnlson on the
ground before the emperor: dim cor
ridors of countless columns with their
huge perfume burners sending up con
tinual clouds of Incense; and exquisite
rooms of Intrtcnlely wrought ceramics
and gold and silver. Opening Into the
emperor's state rooms Is the great
Golden Door, through which. In addi
tion U> the sovereign, only the extraor
dinary ambassadors may pass.
Hue Itself Not Beautiful.
Outside tbe palace enclosure Flue
Is l>ss appealing. The "metropolitan
are** of the city Is In large part a
collection of native villages clustered
In Mie shadow of the great palace
citadel walls. Across the river Is the
French residency with Its Gallic
western atmosphere. For a long time
Hue was little known, and as the
?eat of an Important conntry Its size
was exaggerated. Its population Is
only about 60.000.
The town is In a tropical region In
a latitude corresponding to the south
ern extremity of Mexico. It lies near
the mid point of the long double
curvlng coast of French Indo-Chlna, a
few miles from the sea on the Hue
river. Built on a flat, tbe city Itself
has little beauty of form or setting;
but It would be difficult to And In the
tropics more beautiful environs than
It possesses. Only a few miles away
rlwe tbe mountains from which tbe
Hne river flows, and even closer are
lower wooded hills and valleys.
The most remarkable feature of Hue
are tbe famous tombs of the kings,
which He In the charming pine and
banyan-covered valleys and bills a few
miles from the city?true cities of the
dead, far more attractive In setting
than that of the living. For each de
parted ruler of the past several cen
turies a large area has been devel
oped as a resting place and memorial
iui uiuisen, 111.1 wntn, ciiiiutcu buu
servants. These developed areas are
In two parts. One la a beaotlfnl
group of gardens, lakes, summer
houses and a memorial hall. The lat
ter Is fitted with the furniture from
i the departed emperor's apartments.
The second part Is a vast enclosure
near-by, usually a series of terraces
above the gardens. In some unmarked
spot of which the body of tbe emperor
lies. The reigning emperor visits each
of these garden-tombs of bis ancestors
annually and makes obeisance to their
The notable structures and gardens
extend from tbe end of the Eight
eenth century to the present
Strikingly different from Hue Is
Pnompenh, capital of Cambodia. It
lies on tbe route to tbe famous ruins
of Angkor and is better known to
tourists than some of tbe larger cap
itals of Indo-Chlna.
Tbe palace of tbe kings of Cam
bodia Is not elaborate. The royal
dwelling place. In fact, is a series of
rather modest buildings, not richly
adorned without or within. Greatest
of the palace sights Is a life-sise gold
statue of Uuddha In a room whose
floor is of silver tiles.
Five or six hundred female retainers
occupy tbe royal colony, among whom
are the dancing girls. They. In their
golden gowns, royal Jewels, and tiaras
that resemble miniature carved
steeples, have become famous for
their charm and grace.
The one thoroughfare of Pnompenh
that has a right to be called an ave
nue leads from the palace to the pub
lic park. Two hotels bordering It
offer excellent accommodations for a
small Eastern city save for their or
chestras that dispense Impossible noc
turnal jazz. The rest of the street Is
cluttered up with open-front native
shops, some of which make an attempt
to duplicate French pastry. Now and
then through a vacant space one gets
a glimpse of a garden spot a block
or two In the background where a
French colonial official lives In a pala
tial home amid broad lawns and
Hanoi, the "Paris of Asia."
The administrative center of all
French Indo-Chlna, and the capital as
well of Tongklng, is Hanoi which
ha^ been dubbed "the Paris of Asia."
It bears many of the earmarks of the
A modern train brings yon Into ?
modern railway station at Hanoi.
There you may hail a shiny new
French-made automobile with a French
chauffeur. In a tonr of the city yoa
ride along wide streets and boulevards
bearing French names and pass im
posing French buildings, and spacious
parks where stroll French women and
men; some of the latter dressed In
the natty bine uniforms of the French
In the business district, Parisian
gowns are displayed behind plate
glass show windows. French theater
fronts blaze with gaudy signs to at
tract patrons. Paris-like sidewalk
cafes Invite passersby to imbibe their
favorite beverage while melodious ,
strains from a French orchestra filter
through the open windows of a French
Now and then yon bnmp over street
car tracks Ton notice the absence
of peculiar oriental city odors because
of Hanoi's modern sewage system;
yon feel free to drink the city water
because of the excellent water supply
system; and at night the streets are
bathed In light from thousands, of
electric bulbs. The Botanical gardens
and Zoological park are additional re
minders of the French capital about
7,000 miles away.
The French quarter is farthest from
the right bank of the Red river on
which Hanoi lies about 80 miles from
the sea. A lake, surrounded by
promenades, separates this quarter
from the native quarter which begins
on the congested riverside. Once la
side the narrow byway* of the native
quarter, it Is easy to forget the wash
e raised portion of the city. ,