The Alamance gleaner 1
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, IS, C., THURSDAY JUNE 12, 1930. NO. 19. ~ J
1?Mary Duff of Lawrencevllle, 111., receiving from Mrs. Margaret H. Lower, field director of the American Red
Cross, the Mrs. Henry R. Rea gold medal as the outstanding member of this year's class In the army school of
nursing. 2?View of the great Harbor bridge over the St. Lawrence at Montreal, Just opened for tratllc. 3?
The Graf Zeppelin at Lakehurst, N. J., after her flight from Brazil.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Congress Overrides Hoover
Veto of Spanish War
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
PRESIDENT HOOVER is not having
a pleasant time with a congress
whose mind is to a considerable ex
tent fixed on the chances of re-elec
tion next fall. The majority in both
houses is Republican but it isn't aP
ways "administration," especially when
being so might cost some votes at the
This condition was illustrated last
week when congress overrode the
President's veto of the Spanish war
veterans' pension bill. In repassing the
measure the senate voted 61 to 18
against Hoover, and those for the bill
included 28 Republicans, 32 Democrats
and one Farmer-Labor member. Only
14 members of the lower house, all
Republicans, voted to uphold the veto,
with 208 against it.
Vetoing any pension bill is painful |
for a President, and in this case Mr. j
Hoover displayed courage. His three '
objections to the measure were held
by the press of the country for the
most part to be well taken. The pro
visions he opposed are the reduction
of the service period upon which pen
sion claims may be made for disabili
ties of a non-service nature from 00
to 70 days; and that venereal diseases, I
drug habits or alcoholism, contracted I
at any time in the life of the veteran,
shall constitute disabilities entitling
the sulTerer to a pension. He also con- I
tended that need should be an element
of valid claim.
WHAT will happen to the London
naval treaty In the senate Is still
a matter of conjecture. Senators Wat
son and Moses last week urged the
President to postpone the considera
tion of the pact until after the autumn
elections, but he insisted on his plan
to call a special session of the senate
Immediately after the adjournment of
congress. This despite the warning
from the two lenders that if the dis
cussion proved to be protracted the
senate might adjourn the special ses
sion and throw the whole question
over to the winter session. Next day
Senator Henry J. Allen of Kansas sub
mitted to Mr. Hoover a plan that
seemed to impress him.
The Kansas senator thought that
the wisest strategy would be to bring
the treaty before the senate at the
present session, immediately following
the passage of the rivers and harbors
bill, but before the veterans' legisla
tion Is taken up. There lias been
much talk of the difficulty of keeping
a quorum of the senate on hand to
discuss the treaty, but Mr. Alien
opined that few senators would dare
go home before the veterans' bill
CERTAIN citizens who have been
badgered, embarrassed and dis
tressed by the persistent problngs of
congressional Investigating committees
probably cheered?in private?for
Rlshop James Cannon. Jr., last week.
That militant chairman of the board
of temperance and social service of
the Methodist chnrch. South, and offi
cial of the Anti-Saloon leagne, chal
lenged the authority of the senate
lobby committee to Investigate his
political activities In the campaign of
I92S, refused to reply to Its questions
In that connection and defied Its Im
plied threats to punish him for con
tempt, as others have been punished
In similar circumstances.
Cannon was willing to tell a lot
about his work as a lobbyist, "using
the word in Its legitimate sense," In
behalf of prohibition legislation, but,
as he stated to the press afterward,
he Insisted "that this singling out of
myself and of the Virginia anti-Smith
Democrats because we fought the wet
Tammany candidate Is a deliberate, In
tolerable Infringement upon the rights
of American citizens, and is a threat
to Independent citizens against a repe
tition of the Independent action of
The bishop also told the press much
about the disposal of money contrib
uted by E. C. Jameson of New York
for the anti-Smith campaign In Vir
ginia?Information he had refused to
give the committee.
Senator Caraway, chairman of the
committee, who was In Arkansas at
the time. Issued a statement upholding
the bishop's stand and denying that
the committee had a right to Inquire
Into Cannon's political activities. The
Investigation was being conducted by
Senators Walsh of Montana and
Blaine of Wisconsin.
On Thursday Bishop Cannon repeat
ed his refusal to answer the commit
tee's questions, and then coolly
walked out of the room without wait
ing to be excused. He was done, he
said, unless the committee wished to
"If the bishop's defiance yesterday
was not contempt, and I think it was,
his action today Is certainly a clear
case of contempt," declared Walsh,
whose opinion was echoed by a num
ber of senators. The contumacy of
Cannon probably will be reported to
the senate with a request for con
ONE more step Id the President's
dry enforcement program was
taken when the house, by a vote of
218 to 117, passed the Wlckersham
bill designed to relieve congestion In
the federal courts by eliminating Jury
trials in minor prohibition cases.
If it becomes law the measure will
radically revise the federal court pro
cedure In criminal cases extant for
more than a hundred years. It pro
vides that defendants charged with
"petty offenses" shall first be given a
hearing before n United States com
missioner whose recommendations
shall go to the District judge for final
disposal. The accused will be given
a jury trial only If he demands It In
a specified manner and time limit.
The house also adopted bills sup
plemental to the juryless trial meas
ure, one of them defining as "petty
offenses" all crimes Involving a jail
sentence of less than six months or a
fine of less than toOO, and another
amending the Jones act to make the
manufacture, transportation or sale
of less than one galloD of liquor a
The Democratic party of Pennsyl
vania Is now officially wet. The state
committee, which was reorganized at
Harrisburg, adopted a platform that
recommends the repeal of the state
enforcement act and the Volstead act
and removal of the Eighteenth amend
ment from the federal Constitution.
IP THERE Is a naval building race
between France and Italy, the
blame must rest with France, accord
ing to Foreign Secretary Dlno Grandl
of Italy. In a speech before the sen
ate Grandl said that last month In
Geneva he proposed to Arlstlde Brland
that the two nations suspend their
naval construction program for 1930
and that the French foreign minister
refused to consider the proposition.
The senate thereupon approved the
governments policy of augmenting the
Italian navy. Several of the senators
declared the Mediterranean would be
the theater of the next European war.
Recently Premier Tardleu announced
that the French wonld expend large
sums for fortifications In the Alps.
In reply, Senator It I col of Italy urged
the continued strengthening of the
Italian frontier defenses In that
region. Three questions divide France
and Italy today, continued Senntor
Itlccl. They are, first, control of the
Adriatic; second, the status of Italians
In Tunis, and third, the southern
frontier of Libya. lie repeated the
oft heard charges that France was
pouring arms and military supplies
Into Jugo-Slav ports.
rwITTTTVn . * ? tl,/. ?l,n
I| u i i inu u siup iu iiic ruiua i?u nit
* salt works, the rainy season came
to the aid of the British in India.
But the campaign of the Nationalists,
though checked, has not ceased to
function. The Gandhi followers and
all the rest of them are now concen
trating on tax resistance, which will
he more serious than salt raids.
On the northwest frontier, where
the Reds and wild tribesmen are giv
ing a lot of trouble, British troops
occupied several villages and took
command of the situation, shelling the
positions of the rebels in the hills.
TERRIFIC fighting was reported to
to be going on along the Yellow
river between the Chinese Nationalist
armies and the northern rebels, with,
the final results In doubt. Dispatches
told of victories claimed by first one
side and then the other. The outcome
of this conflict may settle the fate of
the Nanking government. Late in the
week messages received In Shanghai
said the northern troops had crossed
the Yellow river sixty miles east of
Tsinanfu, broken the Nationalist lines
and reached the Tsinan-Tslngtao rail
way line in the vicinity of Chowtsun.
The Nationalists also ' lost the im
portant city of Chanhsha, capital of
Hunan province, to a crowd of rebels
and bandits called the Red army.
Apparently the Russians have given
up hope of results from the Moscow
conference between China and Russia
on the Chinese Eastern railroad and
have reverted to direct action along
the frontier of northern Manchuria.
The Nationalist government charges
the Soviets have raided the town of
Tahelho in Chinese territory opposite
Blagovyeshchensk and carried away
a number of Chinese and also a large
amount of farming machinery.
CARRYING twenty-two passengers
and a large cargo of freight and
mall, the Graf Zeppelin left Rake
hurst, N. J., Monday night for the
return trip to Frledrlchshafen. She
had a pleasant and swift passage
across the Atlantic until she neared
the coast of Portugal, where a storm
and heavy winds were encountered.
It is hoped that the Zeppelin will be
In Chicago late in August as one of
the attractions at the national air
races to be held there.
W CAMERON FORBES, Boston
? banker and former governor
general of the Philippine*, has been
tentatively selected as the new am
bassador to Japan, according to Infor
mation learned In administration cir
cles. Mr. Forbes, a close friend of
President Hoover, served as chairman
of the special commission which re
cently completed a survey and report
on the American administration of af
fairs in Haiti.
IN RECOGNITION of hit "ooUtanil
Ing contribution* In the many Held*
of human service," the Louis Living
stone Seaman gold medal was pre
sented to President Hoover by the
American Museum of Safety. The
award of the medal was decided upon
before Mr. Hoover's nomination for
the Presidency but the formal presenta
tion was delayed.
(ft 1*19. Westers Newspaper Ualoa.)
:| CUPID ll
PLAYS SOME |j
11 CLEVER |:
ill TRICKS 11
<? by D. J. Walab.)
BETH MORAN loved her job bet
ter than anything else In the
whole wide world. Maybe that
sounds selfish but Beth bad
studied, tolled, sacrificed to get that
job and she meant to keep It as long
as she could. Not many young women
of Beth's age were earning $70 per
week. She bad a tiny apartment
which her Aunt Mary kept spic and
span. No man living could ever be to
her what her job was.
One afternoon when Beth came
home from work she found a package
on the living room table. Aunt Mary
said a messenger had delivered It. She
removed the wrapping paper and
found a plain white box. Within the
plain white box was an elaborate box
bearing the name of an expensive
brand of confections. A card lay on
top. Upon the card was scribbled
these words: "Every time you eat one
of these think of me." No name.
"Who sent all that candy?" demand
ed Aunt Mary, looking over Beth's
"Haven't an Idea. Help yourself,
auntie. There's plenty?three pounds."
Next morning Beth glanced from
her desk to the desks of her fellow
workers. Some were married, one at
least engaged. Of the five remaining
men It couldn't be Mr. Lowe. Or Ed
son Moffat. Or John Hess. It might
be Jerome Warren. It might be Amos
Wells. She hoped It was neither War
ren nor Wells. Conjecture got her
That afternoon she found another
gift on the living room table. A flor
ist's box. It contained pink roses. And
this nameless message: "When yon
look at these think of me."
"Somebody's after you," remarked
"I wish yon wouldn't say thatl"
flared Beth. "I think the man's a nut.
Or else he's ashamed to let me know
who he la." But she couldn't take
her eyes from the lovely roses. "No
man's going to make me glTe up my
Job for the sake of having Mrs. on
"Of course." mused Aunt Mary,
"times have changed since my day.
But I still believe It's a lot better for
a girl to marry and raise a family
than to be tied down to an office desk
till her youth and benuty are past.
I was seventeen wben I married Tim.
We lived together for forty years. Our
children are all grown up and mar
ried. I'm free to look after you. But,
my dear, I can't stay forever. I didn't
come here with that understanding."
Beth bit her lip.
"You don't seem to realise, Aunt
Mary, that I am modern to the core.
A business woman first, last and al
ways. Aunt Mary, I've fought and all
but starved to get my present posi
tion. My Job has cost me too much
for me to give It up for?for that
precious little thing called love." she
The third day Beth received from
her nameless pursuer a beantlfnf
framed colored photograph of a beau
ty spot In the Pocono hills. "Wish
you were here with me." was the
The fourth day. A lovely, quaint
bit of Jewelry.
"I picked up this amethyst for you."
accompanied the gift
The fifth day. A book of poems
bound In hand-tooled leather. "Read
the lines I have marked," she was
bidden. Each line contained a direct
appeal to her heart 8he shut the
book, her cheeks flaming.
It vii maddeningly mysterious. She
felt baffled. Next night ahe raced
npatalrs. Her heart throbbed wildly
aa ahe opened the living room door.
Expectantly, eagerly her eyea aonght
the living room table. A large gift
thl? time. A baaket of frnlt The
aeventh day (he received another box
Expectancy bad become inch a hab
it wltb her that on the eighth day
when aha fonnd nothing she nearly
(offered a collapse. When she looked
In her mirror she fonnd that she was
pale. Her chin wanted to qnlver.
"Fool!" she muttered.
A week passed. A feeling of dis
appointment, of depression weighed
She lagged upstairs one afternoon.
Nothing to look forward to any more.
On the table was a box. Beth pounced
upon It. Her bands trembled, her
eyea were dim as she lifted the cover
and sow the red roses.
Next day three men were absent from
their desks. Vacation bad begun.
Late that afternoon a telegram was
laid before Beth. It wai from blm. It
came from a distant point. Thereafter
she received a telegram each day for
ten days. Each menage was distinc
tive. But they gave no clew to the
sender. Beth kept them all la a neat
Aunt Mary was lying down the fol
lowing 8unday afternoon. Beth sat
reading. The telephone rang. 8he
leaped to It. A man's voice, deep,
pleasant, came to ber ears.
"Beth! I Just got back. Get my
"Yes!" The word was propelled
from her lips by her Intense surprise.
"I'm coming to take you for a ride.
In about twenty minutes. Can you
Again faintly, "Yes!"
She booked up the receiver and sank
back on the davenport Who was he?
She hadn't recognized his voice. What
was she letting berself In for?
Twenty minutes passed. He wns at
the door. 8he hesitated to open It A
tall man smiled down at her with
clear blue eyes. An exceedingly good
looking, virile young man. Mac Hal
way. advertising manager of her own
"Well, Beth, here I am. Ready to
Beth stiffened. Her lips set In a
"Tou seem to have been having a
very good time at my expense," she
said coolly. "But?I don't go riding
with married men!"
"Beth I I'm not married. Where'd
you get thut Idea? I've never even
wanted to get married till I found
you. Tou treated me rough. Three
separate times you refused to have
lunch with me. Doggone It, Beth!
Tou had me feared till I thought of a
new way to approach you."
"I sec. Tou advertised. Tou cre
ated Interest, Illusion, suspense In
your prospect." Beth's eyes were be
ginning to relent.
"That's It exactly. Bnt don't be
hard on me, Beth. I bought a ring
while I was away. I can't take It
back. Can I. huh?" Ills blue eyes
A flush, a smile, made Beth bewitch
ing. Her Arm, fixed notions of eco
nomic Independence floated awoy like
thistledown upon her sigh.
"Who wants you to?" she murmured.
Paper Stag# Scenery
One or the difficulties In the way
of producing elaborate thentrlcal pieces
at popular prices Is the high cost of
scener7 for the singe. A theater In
Geneva, Switzerland, Is trying to solve
this difficulty by using scenery com
posed of pnper Instead of the more ex
pensive materials generally employed
for that purpose. By using this meth
od of making scenery a musical revue
was recently produced for less than
$100. The paper scenery Is made prac
tically fireproof by putting It through
a chtm'cnl process. Those who In
vented the new type ot scenery say
that the bright colors of paper, to
gether with Its possible transparency,
make that material very desirable for
use In thenters, especially the more
elaborate productions. ? Pathfinder
Herbert Corey claims ihnt men and
women who sell fiction and poetry
now look like prosperous business
folk. Once upon a time the authoress
might be Identified by a strained look
In her eye and a wisp of hair back
of the right ear. Now she Is bobbed,
short-skirted, rouged and llp-stlcked.
Robert Kdcson's quip about a writing
star and his slightly less stellar wife
would not pass now. He saw the pair
lurking In a corner at a reception:
'They look," said he. "as though
they had moved all the coal out of the
bath-tub?and then didn't do It, after
Make Minutes Count
Tlie old familiar example of Ellhu
Burrltt, who mastered tome eighteen
languages lo momenta spared from fit
ting horseshoes, should convince the
most skeptical that minutes hare val
ue, and we all know what Cladstone
thought of the thrift of lline. Save
the minutes and the hours will take
care of themselves, we learned when
too young to grasp the meaning.?In
Womcn'a Work in Home*
A survey of ? croup of women In
cities of from 2.5U0 to SO.OUU popula
tion showed that the average time
wot 61 houra a week, while In cities
of 60,00!) and upward the average wna
a little more than 48 hours. The
farm women group averaged more
than 02 houra a week, making the
general average for all women ob
served slightly more than 51 hours
Bird Lira* Condemned
The biological survey says that It
la very dangerous to use bird lime for
catching birds, since harmless and In
ooceot birds ran be easily trnpi>ed In
this tvny as tvell as harmful ones. In
fact. It Is against the inn in most
states to use bird lime for this
"Porch of Maidens," the Acropolis. jE
irrepirea oj iim national ueoKrapmo
Society. Washington. D. C.)
RECALLING Its century of mod
ern Independence and Its thou
sands of years of glorious mem
ories, Greece Is celebrating its
centennial. The republic of today has
on area of approximately 4D.UU0
square miles and a population of some
0,000,000. But the memories of past
glories cling chiefly to the Plain of
Attica, surrounded by its hills, with
"Athens, the eye of Greece," as its
To every one sensitive to historical
suggestion, to every one to whom
beauty makes the supreme appeal, the
first sight of this immortal city be
comes the moment of a lifetime.
To the right rises Hymettus, famed
now, as in ancient days, for the honey
which the bees rifle from Its flowers;
to the left, and nearer, the Island of
Salamis, with its deathless memories;
a bowshot away, Psyttnlia, where Ar
istides and his band cut down the
flower of Persian chivalry, after the
naval battle of Salamfs; still farther
to the left, the ranges of Parnes, ex
tending In a full, voluptuous curve to*
ward the east. ,
As one looks closer, the city reveals
Itself more clearly and, out-topping all,
the Acropolis, with the Parthenon as
its diadem. In Its still beauty, its ma
jesty and its tenderness, the scene has
a vague unreality.
It is a tiny country, this heart of
Greece. The Attic plain stretches
from the sea in nn Irregular oval from
south to north; the entire province
contains a bare TOO square miles.
Yet Attica "balances In the universe
the glory of Imperial Koine." "Re
member well, Qulntius," writes Cicero
to his friend, "that you have command
over the Greeks, who have civilized all
peoples, in teaching them gentleness
and humanity, and to whom Rome
owes the light she possesses." Cicero,
of course, meant Attica, for it was In
this little country that what we call
the Greek genius wus most effectively
at work In the Fifth century B. G.
Moments or tne rati.
When the visitor fares forth In
Athens the past beckons to him. Uue
of the first classic monuments his eyes
are likely to rest upon Is the Arch of
liadrlan. This emperor. It will be re
called, was one of the principal bene
factors of Athens In the value and
character of bis gifts. These em
braced s water supply, a reservoir
which Is in use today, a library, and
perhaps the Temple to Olympian Zeus,
lie also built the new city beyond the
old one, and the arch marked the di
viding line between the Greek and
1'asslng through the arch and turn
ing to the right, one enters the pre
cincts of the Temple of Zeus. The
temp.e, like the buildings on the
Acropolis. Is of Pentellc marble, to
which time has given an exquisite
golden brown color, especially on the
side which faces the sea. Two of the
columns stand detached like sentinels
and by a happy accident close the
three-mile tangent formed by the
Syngros avenue, which links up mod
ern Athens with Its little seaside re
One can trace his steps through the
Arch of Hadrian by a narrow street
known as the Street of Lyslcrates
which Is probably the rite of the an
cient Street of the Tripods.
In the age of Pericles, apart from
the athletic contests which took place
at the Olympic and other games, there
were contests In oratory, In poetry,
and In music. At Athens the victor
In one of these games was given a brass
tripod, with the privilege of erecting
a pedestal on which to place It, some
where In the city.
At the end of the little street stands.
In almost pristine loveliness, perhaps
the only surviving monument of this
character. It Is the exquisite little
structure?tue uiursi fiiaui?trreaeo ?
t>y an Athenian. I.yslcrates on which
:o place the tripod awarded him as the
organizer of a choir of young men
which won a prize in focal music In
)ne of the games In the Fourth cen
tury B. C -i
Theater of Dionysus.
This little structure was built Into
i convent in medleTal times and was
bus preserved from destruction. The
convert was standing in Byron's day
?nd he was a guest there in 1811; it
was not nntil some years later that
the monument was restored at the ex
Tense of the French government. 11
Lt Is but a stone's throw from the
Monument of Lysicrates to the Thea
ter of Dionysus?of Bacchus, to (Ira ?,
it its Itoman name.
I.eavmg the theater, one walks to
Hie inevitable goal, passing on the
right the precincts of Aesculapius sod
various remains, including the charm
ing Odeion built by Herod of Attica,
another Itoman benefactor, of the Sec
ond century, A. D? and on to the iroo
gates which mark the lower precincts
of the Acropolis Passing through .
these and walking op the long Indfoe,
one comes to a turning on the right
and sees ahead the gates or Propy- '
laea, of Hie Acropolis
liigb up on the right Is the llttin
Temple of the Wingless Victory, while
a corner of the Parthenon can be de
scribed over the retaining walL A
steep stairway which lends from the
outer gate of the Propylaea to the
upper level must be climbed before
one readies the platform on which Is
the Victory temple.
Perfection of the Victory Temple
The view outward from this plat
form is marvelous but the shrine com- frJ
pels attention. Nothing can exceed la
delicacy and charm this exquisite lit- 4
tie structure. Four Ionic columns
each some 13 feet in height, support
the architrave, but so perfect are their '
proportions that It is only when stand- I
ing beside them that one realizes that ?'
they are twice the height of a tall _
Tills diminutive, yet perfect edifice M
was demolished by the Turks In order *ij
lo build a bastion, and was later re- *
constructed with the fragments of the
Thd portico commands a superb
view of the Saronlc gulf; at every
turn names familiar as household
words came to the observer's Upa? ?J
Salamis, the Bay of Eleusls, the dome
like rock of Acrocorinth, Aeglna. and
In the distance the soft line of hllla . .
marking the Peloponnesus. ,
Turn again and you wtll face the e-f
Porch of Maidens?the Carjatida.
These are too fatnillar to everyone to
require any description and elabora
tion, but, as with other Greek sculp
tures, are admired whole-heartedly.
The perfection of the draperies, the
radiant youth animating the figures,
the dressing of the hair, massed to
give added strength to the neck, are *
a few of the elements of loveliness.
A dozen paces from the Erecbtheum, -4
whose portico stands today In almost
untarnished beauty, are the walls built
by Themistocles after the destruction .
of the first temple by the Persians la ^
4S0 B. C. In It were used a number
of the drums of the ancient columns.
Immediately below these walls lies
a little bill which Is pointed out as
the Areopagus, or Hill of Mara. Phys
ically, the place Is of little lntereat.
There Is a short Sight of steps cut lo
the rock, and at the top are the si tea
of ancient altars.
The ancient Court of the Areopagus,
consisting of venerable and eminent
Athenian citizens, held Its sittings on V
this hill, and It Is usually assumed J
that It was from here that St Paul,
the future captive of Imperial Roma, ij
In A. D. M spoke to Atbenlnn skeptics
with a reference to an altar "To the V