The Alamance gleaner
VOL. LVI. / GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY JULY 10, 1930. NO. 23. . j
? ? 1 ==g*?
1?Statue of President James Puehnnan which was unveiled In Meridian Hill park. Washington, and accepted by
President Hoover for the nation. 2?Great civic banquet held at the formal opening of Cleveland's magnificent
Union Terminal. 3?Kenneth Hunter making adjustments to the plane City of Chicago wliile he and hlr brother Joh?
were breaking the refueling endurance flight record at the Sky Harbor airport, Chlaugo.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Congress Finishes Up Much
Legislation and Ends the
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
|"\ETERMINED to bring the special
a-' session to a close before the
Fourth of July, congress was very
busy the first part of the week, clear
ing up 'the pending legislation. Tak
ing up the new World war veterans'
bill passed by the house, the senate
again showed Its utter disregard for
President Hoover's views and its keen
desire for votes next fall. It loaded
the measure down with amendments,
chief of which was one Increasing the
pension rates to the Spanish war level.
Another would permit veterans who
contracted venereal diseases during
their war service to obtain disability
The bill was sent to conference for
elimination of the features that would
be most objectionable to the President.
Among the bills passed by the house
was the Wickersham commission's
border patrol bill designed to help In
curbing the smuggling of liquor from
Canada and Mexico. It establishes an
enlarged and unified border patrol
service in the treasury under the as
sistant secretary in charge of the
coast guard, increases the number of
entry stations, and makes It a mis
demeanor, subject to $100 line, to cross
the border except at an entry station,
with certain exceptions.
The senate passed the house bill
which authorised the President to con
solidate and co-ordinate governmental
activities affecting the war veterans.
SECRETARY of the Treasury Mel
lon announced that the fiscal year
1030 closed with a surplus In the treas
ury of $184,000,000. This amount rep
resented the difference between re
ceipts and expenditures. The public
debt was reduced during the year by
$740,000,000. There was a net balance
In the general fund at the close of the
year of $318,000,000. *
While the surplus was substantial
ly the same as In the fiscal year 1028,
Secretary Mellon pointed out that It
included the abnormal sum of $70,000,-,
000 paid by foreign governments In
June In cash instead of In securities
of the American government and also
Included abnormal customs receipts,
due to anticipation of tariff legislation.
SENATORS JOHNSON of California.
Moses of New Hampshire and Rob
inson of Indiana tiled with the senate
their minority report from the foreign
relations committee, setting forth their
reasons for opposing ratification of
the London naval treaty.
Dispatches from Washington said
that the national defense committee
of the American Legion had made a
report two weeks previously recom
mending that the Legion declare for
rejection of the treaty, and that noth
ing more had been heard of the mat
ter. One rumor was that administra
tion influences had succeeded In bring
ing about the pigeonholing of the
Over in London two of England's
most famous naval commanders. Enrl
Beatty and Earl Jellicoe. made hot at
tacks on the treaty, asserting that by
signing it their government was throw
ing away "the sea power by which the
British empire caihe into being and
developed into what It Is today."
PRESIDENT HOOVER has named
1 as head of the new federal power
commission Lieut. Gen. Edgar Jadwln,
who in his service as chief of army
engineers gained a thorough knowl
edge of the waterways of the country.
His nomination, with those of the other
four commission members, will be sent
to the senate in special session this
summer for confirmation. When two
members have taken office the new
commission will supplant th$ old one.
which Had as its members the secre
taries of war, interior and agricul
ture, and which, since 1020, has super
vised the expenditure,of about $350,
000,000 for power development.
In the new commission applications
for power plants are to be placed in
the hands of five $10,000 a year men
who, the act stipulates, may have no
other occupation. Nor may they have
been connected In any way with, or
I hold any stock in? power companies.
At present 70 applications are pending
! with the commission.
IX A radio address to the governors'
conference which met in Salt Lake
City, President Hoover announced that
federal, state and local governments
had spent or contracted to spend a
total of $1,700,000,000 for public
works dnring the first six months of
the present calendar year. This fig
ure, he said, exceeded by over $200,
000,000 that of the boom year of 1929,
He advised the governors that there
Is still need for "continued serious
effort" In every state and community
to bring an early business recovery,
and to reduce unemployment.
Several of the western governors
delivered addresses scoring the fed
eral government for Its Invasion of
states' rights, especially wlfti regard
to the public domain, unappropriated
lands, and mineral and olf rights.
PROHIBITION enforcement was
? transferred July 1 from the Treas
ury department to the Department of
Justice, and Attorney General Mitchell
became the commander In chief of the
federal dry army with Col. Amos IV.
W. Woodcock as his cldef of sfaff. It
was understood In Washington that
the government's limited staff and ap
propriation will be devoted hereafter
to detecting larger commercial boot
legging. while the effort to obtain
greater co-operation by the states will
be expanded. Many changes have been
made already In the force of prohibi
tion administrators, the most Im
portant being In the metropolitan areas
of New York and Chicago. In the
former MaJ. Maurice Campbell re
signed when ordered to Boston to take
charge of alcohol permits and gave
out a statement attacking "United
States attorneys with political aspira
tions," and Treasury department offi
cials who "have not been sincere in
efforts to enforce this law."
He declared his experience had led
him to the following conclusion:
"Prohibition Is not the logical solu
tion for temperance under our form
of government, and I now publicly ad
vocate the repeal of the Eighteenth
amendment before the nation Is con
sumed In the fires of Ks conse
Col. John H. J. Herbert became the
enforcement boss of Illinois, Indiana
and Wisconsin, displacing E. C. Tel
lowley, who remains In control of al
cohol permits In that area.
WITH the stroke of midnight on
June 30 the last of the French
troop* of occupation departed from
the Ithlnelnnd and Germany was freed
from the incubna that had rested on
It for almost twelve years. The Ger
man people celebrated the event with
the ringing of bells, with great parades
of singing men and women, with the
playing of hands and with flreworka.
Especially Impressive was the Jnhilee
In the town of Speyer In ttie I'ala
tlnate. Torches and flares lighted the
bridge across the Rhine over which
marched the town's police force of
| 6C0 men as thousands along the wa
i ter's edge and in boats sang "Deutsch
land Ueber Alles."
The final phase of the military evac
uation begun in Wiesbaden at 0:30
o'clock In the morning. The inter-al
lied Ithineiand commission, which kas
headquartered at Wiesbaden since Sep
tember when the headquarters were
moved from Coldenz, closed shop. A
battalion of French troops lined up on
Kaiserstrasse In front of the commis
sion's building where three Hags floated
?Belgian, British and French.
The regimental band broke into the
"Brabnnconne" and the Belgian rtag
slowly descended. Then the military
band played "God Save the King" and
tiie Union Jack slid down the hal
yards. It was a tense moment as the
strains of the "Marseillaise" burst
Into the air and the tricolor floated
High Commissioner Paul Tlrard and
the other officials crossed the Ithine
bridge In motors and a thousand
French soldiers in full war panoply
marched to the railsoad station and
entrained for home.
ALMOST before the outside world
knew anything about It, there
was a successful revolution down la
Bolivia, caused by the alleged efforts
of Hernando Slles. resigned president,
to regain tlie office of chief executive
and hold it In perpetuity. Troops led
by Gen. Carlos Blanco Gallndo occu
pied La Pax. the capital, after a hot
light, and Slles and Ids friends fled
or took refuge in foreign legations.
The military junta took charge of the
government and announced financial
and other plans for the immediate
restoration of the republic to Its nor
mal condition on a constitutional basis.
' It was understood that free elections
would he held and a new president
designated In such a manner that he
cannot perpetuate himself Jn office.
The populace In La Pax was de
lighted with the success of the revolu
tionary movement, and great crowds
surrounded the Brazilian legation
which sheltered Slles. demanding that
lie be given up for trial hy the courts.
Gen. Hons Kundt. German chief ot
staff of the Bolivian army, who was
accused pot onlf of aiding Doctoi
Slles. hut of Prussianizing the Bolivian
forces, fled to the German legation.
General Gallndo took steps to protect
all the former officials from violence.
Great Britain is taking relent
less measures to end the "pas
Hive" rebellion In India. The latest ol
these was the arrest of I'andit Motllal
Nehru, a Hindoo and acting president
of the All-Indln national congress, and
Knyed Mnhmud, a Moslem, secretary
of the congress. They were tried Im
mediately and sentenced to six months
imprisonment. These arrests created
a great sensation throughout Indii
and a hartal or cessation of alt work
was proclaimed In protest. In Bom
hay a "boycott week" was started and
. housewives were urged to refrain front
buying British goods.
The spirit of the Nationalists seemi
far from broken. In many cities th<
school students, both boys and girls
have Joined the movement. ?|ulttln|
their schools, holding parades and as
slsting In the picketing of Rrltist
TWO feats In aviation marked tlx
week. First Roger Q. Wllllamt
with two companions made a nonsto|
flight from New York to Bermuda ant
back In the Columbia, the transat
lantlc Bellanca monoplane. In 11
hours and 8 minutes. Second, ioht
and Kenneth Hunter of Sparta, III!
smashed to smithereens the refoelini
endurance record over Sky llarboi
airport north of Chicago. Tbey re
fused to come down until the motoi
of their plane was worn out.
(Ct ltlt. Wasters Xswssaoer L'stea.)
(Sky D. J. Walsh.)
MI1.DRED HUSSEL entered her
busbaud's office at the stroke
of 12. She hud come down at
his request to take lunch
with him. He was out. There were
only the office boy. Tommy, and the
sensible little typist, Miss Devue, In
sight. And Miss Devoe was Just ready
to go out and get her lunch.
Mildred sat down In her husband's
chair before Ids desk to wait. She took
her powder compact from her bag and
freshened up her face a hit. After a
year of married life she still took Just
as much pnlns for John as If he were
her lover. And he for her. They had
made a tender little pact to that ef
fect. John was a busy man. Real es
tate. And no car. He walked miles
every day, declaring It kept him lit.
At this moment Mildred knew he was
off somewhere trying to close a deal.
He'd be back soon. Mildred smiled at
the disorder of his desk, evidence of
a busy morning. Her lingers Itched,
orderly little soul, to put things to
rights. But she didn't quite dare. She
noted the blotter ueeded changing.
Opon the blotter lay a letter, faintly
pink, smelling of perfume, written In
a woman's handwriting. Before she
knew what she was doing she had
read the few daintily scribbled lines:
"Dear Jack: 1 don't like 22. 10 Is
better. See what you thing about 16. 27
suits me. I'm sure we'll both agree on
??vi a icir ??
Mildred felt a whirling tense of mls
hap. Her heart beat thick anil s|pw.
Maiale! She knew nobody by that
natne. One happened upon the name
In books, and the woinun who bore
It was always blond and frivolous,
Tbere bad been a Malsie In the last
picture she ihw, "Fetter Free." Of
course lots or people wrote to Jack,
lots of women who wished either to
buy or sell property. Nothing unusual
about that. But this letter was a dis
tinct variation. In code. He must be
familiar with the code, for It meant
nothing to Mildred. "I'm sure we'll
both agree on 33." Anil that "Dear
Jack." She hail never cnlled him any
thing out John. Doubt, suspicion, un
rest surged together in Mildred's hon
Rising, she went to the window and
stood with her buck to the room, fus
ing down loto the street, trying to get
command of herself. She heard the
door open. Jack bad come. She turned
nnd faced him. He looked wann,
flushed, with the haste he had made,
but altogether splendid. His straw hat
was In Ids hand. His dark hair had
just been trimmed.
"How long you been waiting?" he
"Come on." Mildred crossed the room
to him aud they went out together.
In the street she had to step quickly
to keep up with his stride. They en
i tered a restaurant noted for Its de
licious seafood. A waiter conducted
| them to a table and took their order.
"What's the matter?" John looked
critically at Mildred.
"1 thought you looked as If some
thing didn't please you."
"The Idea I" Mildred smiled, llet
Impulse was to ask him about tbc
pink letter. But It would look toe
much as If she'd been snooping. A
I man's business was his affair. If Ik
chose to tell his wife nnythlng shi
1 could listen. But not ask questions
Mildred had learned this lesson from
the way her father behaved toward
her mother. Man's kingdom was hl<
I office. Woman's kingdom the home
i No confllctlon of responsibilities If a
state of married bliss was to be main
1 Instead of asking a question thai
1 would hare ended all suspense at
least, lllldred gazed around the crowd*
> ed place, sorting out blonds from bru
1 nettes. John used to say, "God mad)
? brunettes. The silversmith mad<
I blonds." She winced at the memory.
Lunch over, she went hack to tht
1 office with him. She wanted to se?
what happened when he sat down al
bis desk. Nothing happened. He toot
t up the pink letter, glanced at It and
? thrust It aside with several others
? The phone rang and he unhooked th<
"You've changed your mind? Thafi
r all right?fifteen? That's Just as jot
I think. I'd saj forty-two?forty-two
, Teal Goodby. What's that?" A, short
: laugh. "Sure. Goodby P
r If It hadn't been for more of that
- mysterious code lllldred might liavt
r acted differently. as it was she Jumper
up and ran out of the office without ?
word lo anybody. Ai aha emerged I
from the building abe cume fare to |
fare Willi her next door neighbor, lira. I
Hurd. lire. Hurd gnre a little scream
of surprise and joy.
"Why, lllldredt I didn't know you
were" coming downtown or you ruuld
bare ridden with me. Lei's run In here
mid see tide new talkie. Then we cau
go buck together."
Mildred went to the allow with lira.
Hurd. She aenaed little of the pic
tures and dialogue otherwise ao fas
cinating. Maiale of the pink code let
ter. Mulsle of the brief code phone
conversation. Blond llalale \ylioin her
husband kept somewhere a set ret 't.
his life. Her thoughts whirled on In
spite of her. She hail always de
spised Jealousy. She had always felt
proudly that there wasn't a Jeuloua
Italr In her head. It was nusty, tatty
business being Jealous. It wus lite hale
rulest feeling. Mrs. Hurd nudged her.
"Look at that, Mildred! Isn't It the
funniest tiling you ever saw in your
life? Why don't you Intigh?"
lot ugh w hen her lienrt wus burst
ing? She was never so glad of uny
tldng us site was lo lie out of lite
theater, lo Mrs. Kurd's little blue
coupe rbllng liomewurd.
She murmured thanks, goodby, and
scurried up Iter own front steps. She
put the key In the lock, opened I lie
door and entered. All Jttsl as she had
left It a few hours before. Yet how
different. Mildred fell as If she hud
suffered terrible loss, bereuvemeot.
She look off Iter street clothes and
put on a little pink slitton. t'roiu the
refrigerator she got steak, carrots, let
tuce. She hegnn lo prepare dinner.
Somehow the duties of life inust go
The phone rang. A man's voice.
"Honey I I'll probably he an hour
late, ituu up against a snag with that
Peters properly. Can't get a clear
title. Thought I'd tell you ao you
wouldn't worry." ' ?
She aet the steak hack. Going Into
the living room, alie sat down with a
book and tried lo content herself.
The doorbell. She went to answer It.
"Mr. Itussell got home yet?" asked
a pleasant-looking young man. "My
tiaute Is Trafford, I went to the of
fice, Inn I found It closed. So I drove
"John will he home soon now. Will
you come In and wait, Mr. Trafford?"
The name seemed faiolllur somehow.
"Can you possibly be the William Traf
ford who was Joha's roommate at col
"The same. Seems odd to hear you
call hint John. Jack's what I've always
culled lilm. By the way, Mrs. Itussell,
while we're waiting for Jack will you
Just look at Hilar He look a thin
booklet from his pocket. Il was well
tliuralied. "Maybe you've seen one of
them. Jack sendi Uietu out to pros
pective customers. Neat Idea. You'll
note thai lie not only gives you a good
description of the property lie wishes
lo sell, but there's a photograph be
sides. My wife's Just about made up
tier mind that forty-two Is what we
want. Just the right site, price und
all. She's been hesitating for three
days between twenty-seven and tlfleen.
We both agree <>n thirty.three, hut
Jack urges forty-two. Tell nie whet
Mildred Mured el the number un
der the uttraclive Utile picture. More
numbers whirled through her brain.
"la your wife's name Mniale?" the
"That's what she calls herself. Rul
her right name is Mary. We've lieen
married Bve yeura. I've got a Job here
and I guess we'll slay. Sorts nice lie
lug near Jack again. Say, Mrs. Itus
sell! Iio you know I think you'll like
Mnisle. You look near enough alike
to he sisters!"
Will<trd Marble was idling soma
friends u( tlie delights of roughing il
In a mountain cabin Id the Valley ol
' the Moon. He orated od the wonder
ful hlghgear road going up from San
Bernardino and the gorgeousness ol
' the valley with Its trout streams and
lovely lake. He was right Id the mid
' die of hit glowing description when
one of his practical listeners asked:
"Do you have stoves In yout
1 "Where do you think we cook?" de
manded Marble, "oo the mountain
Wslvsa ia Sella.d
About 100U wolves were so danger
, ous that l.i parts of Hcotland refugci
, were erected along the mads for th<
protection of travelers. Xbese weri
, called tplttals, hence "Spllial of Uleti
| ahee." and similar names which stll
f exist. We are told In one ancient
document that the reward paid Ir
I 1G21 for the destruction of a wolf In
the great Caledonian forest was f<
| 13a. 4d t$33.33). Wolves were becorn
I HapfMsaaa ia Helping
Happiness comes to us ouly at w<
I extend It to others. It It not to marl
a thing we receive as It la one whirl
I we give "The be.it thing In life," sayi
I Hugh Black, "la to lie a strong hant
I In the dark to another Id time of din
u ^ ? ? ? u
Th? Bell Tower of Bruges. Across a Canal.
(Treplrrt by th? Natlon&i nphlc t
Society. Washington. D. til
BRUGES, quaint old city of Bel
glum, nhere medlerallstn ling- 1
era, lias Just opened Its annual "
carillon concert season?coo- '
tens that, their admirers are fond ol 1
ieclarlng, tiring "music from the hen*- c
?ns." A carillon Is a group of hells '
? tinned to the Intervals of the mus '
cal scale and usually covering fonr '
x-taves. hung In a high hell tower. 1
liny In and day out the mosic is pro- 1
foced by clock-work ringers; but in '
Bruges (luring the summer carilloo
season, world famous carillonoeors
jlay by hand and foot, as does a great '
Bruges, like many unfamiliar for- j
sign place nnmes. may hare an ex
Klc sound to the American ear. But J
It has about as common an origin
and Is about as logically descriptive
as "Three Itivers" or "Smith's Cross- 1
roads." Because the town from the '
beginning had numerous canals and '
structures carrying streets across them '
It was oanied (In Flemish) "Bridges."
It Is it sort of reversed Venice. Where- 1
as the latter Is nn area of sea with '
islands scattered la It. Bruges Is a 1
land area cut Into islands bv onmer- 1
-ius canals. In both cities many houses
rise sheer from the water and boots
are used for traffic.
Like Venice again. Bruges was once
the commercial and hanking center
of the world. This was In the Font*
teentb century. The center of com
mere! a I activity had moved from Italy
to Flanders, and Bruges was then
Flanders' greatest market. World trade
came up the River Zwyn whlcb then
gave It a harbor; merchants from I lie
four quarters of the world maintained
headquarters In the city; and Its
bourse regulated the exchange rate
for all Europe. Ghent was a strong
rival, hot until the Zwyn finally ail
led up in 1-100 Bruges held Its own.
At the height of its power Bruges
had a population of 200,1*.*). and was
one of the wealthiest and busiest
cities In Europe. Now the inhabitants
number about .1.000.
Trad* Ruined by Silt.
During Its busiest era, Bruges boast
Mi headquarters of merchants from
seventeen countries. Fabrics were
tblpped from Italy and the East, furs
from Russia and Bulgaria, metals
from Poland and Hungary. Wool,
cheese and coal from the British Isles,
fruits from Granada and Egypt, and
Arabian spires and Rhenish wine were
> marketed there.
By the end of the fifteenth century
the rivers and canals silted up, trade
, routes changed, and tbe merchants
forsook Bruges for Antwerp, leaving
t city of Old Worid charm for trav
elers to enjoy.
Canals which were once crowded
, with shipping now are clogged with
lilt, moss and lily pads, and in some
parts white swans fearlessly swim
shout. Bordering quays are bare and
silent. Many of the gabled dwellings
, snd warehouses facing the qua js. long
the meeting places of boisterous sea
, rovers, are unoccupied.
In the doorways of medieval houses
l old women alt for hours In their pic
turesque costumes, making lace. They
, look aa though they had stepped ont
, of a canvas of Jan Van Eytk or Hans
I U emtio, famous Bruges art lata Some
of the brick facades of tbe medieval
homes are hung with large Iron rings,
which. In the days when Bruges was
famed for Its fetes, were used to hang
ropes of flowers from wall to wall.
In the streets, huge thick-legged
, Flemish draft horses draw to market
( clumsy two-wheeled carta tilled with
I green vegetables from nearby farms.
. And now and then one aces a dog
drawn milk cart, painted green, rum
?Hog oxer the dm cobbles.
Grand Place. the city square. la
he busiest piece lo Bruges OS 8st
trdsjs when the market Is ready far
'osiness shortly after damn. City sad
ural coat nines run the gamut of
olor sod style, with hroad Botriag
kins and small la re caps dominat
ng_ Although regetahles abound on
he sell ordered stands, there are
ilso copper and brass vessels, std
iotltes. used furniture sod soiled
Belfry Tower Is NotaMa.
The Belfry Tower, ooe of Bruges'
anious landmarks, rises 373 feet essr
lie square. During the beetle strug
gles of the Flemish people with the
Spaniards, the French, snd oetghbor
ng towns, the bells in the Beifry '
rower called the burghers to urmaL
lr a room near the lop there are
in memos rods, pulleys sad ropes
vhich are eonoeeted with owe of Its
tnest carillons In Europe. It has 47
Wewto Uirougn ? small ram la
:li? shaft. Bruges resembles ? veritaMa
rliecterboord of red cables, pierced
bere aod there by spires, towers sad
pinnacles. The narrow streets sad
canals wind In every direct tew a ad
from this loft? perch the trartlsr
sees Braces as an inland Island, far
it is completely snrrowDded by Bat
umi streams and man-made canals.
Not to be cheated of a pott by Na
ture's destrnctiee forces the peseta
of modern Bruges hare built setetal
canals to the Nortb Ses The largest
end most direct teeds eight mites In
Zeebrugge (meaning "the seaport at
Bruges '). This port and Its canal aod
the basin at Bruges figured preset
nently In the World war. The Germans
(leteloped a siroot C-boat nest at
Bruges from which their underwater
commerce destroyers went oat to sisk
many an allied ship ami to which they
retained for repairs and outfitting.
When the war was orer a tremead
ously strong shelter with a concrete
roof six feet thick, built oxer the wa
ter. was left standing near the Braces
end of the sea canal, a monument to
German C-boat actlvttiea.
The British, bowerer, successfully
hindered I be C-boat actlrities fiats
the Braces nest by their famous sor
tie against the Zeebrugge mote wban
an old ahlp filled with concrete was
sunk serosa the entrance to the canal.
Altogether. Bruges is owe of the
quaintest of the oid Flemish cities
and Is said to preserve in Its archi
tecture a more medieval aspect thsa
any of Its slater municipalities. Ptond
nent architectural features are tbe
church of Notre Dame and the Cathe
dral of St. Saureur. both excellent ex
amples of early pointed Gothic, and
the Market Ball with Its dominant
In St Basile's chapel Is kept thw
Sacred Vial, brought by crusading
knights from Jerusalem, reputed tn
hare been the Teasel holding the wa
ter with which Joseph of Arlmathew
bathed tbe bloodstained body of
Christ This reliquary is carried once
each year in the procession of the
Moat Precious Blood.
The tapestry manufacturers of
Bruges were world famous, and this
dty haa long been noted for Its wool
The bells of Bruges that are rtnr
log out tbe summer concerts are typ
ical of those of the other carillon*
of Belgium and Holland. To attain
the range of four octaves, the ball
producing the lowest note moat weigh
several tons, while tbe smallest weighs
scarcely 20 pounds. The hells are con
nected to a keyboard or In a clock
work mechanism, which causes their
dappers to Strike
jj MYSTERIOUS l|
|:| IN CODE ||
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