The Alamance Gleaner
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY JULY 31, 1930. NO. 26.
1?Mrs. Herbert Hoover visiting the school on the Rapldan which was built by her and the President for the chil
dren near their summer camp. .'?Beautiful building of the British embassy now completed on Massachusetts avenue,
Washington. 3?Part of the $14,000,000 steel express high way which is being built on the west side of New York city.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Southern Italy Devastated
Killed or Injured.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
COUTHERN Italy was- rocked and
^ torn, by the worst earthquake in
fhat region since the terrible disaster
(hat destroyed Messina in 190S. Defi
nite figures on the loss of life may
not be known for many days. At this
writing it is known that 2,013 persons
were killed and twice as many in
jured. Communications in the stricken
area broke down and airplanes were
being used for relief aud exploration
The provinces of Puglie, Campania
and Basillcata sustained the worst of
the temblor, but it was felt as far
north as Abruzzi and Molise. The
quake, which started at 1:15 in the
morning, centered around the old vol
cano Mount Vultura. and the city of
Melfl. just north of that cone, was
destroyed, as were also the near-by
towos of I-aeedouiu, Aquilonia, Bisac- '
cia and Ariano. Many other cities
and villages were partly razed, and
famous palaces and churches were
ruined. Even Rome and Naples were
badly shaken, and several persons
were killed in the latter city.
Premier Mussolini promptly took
command of the situation and rescue
and relief measures were put into
effect quickly throughout the devas
tated region, the Red Cross and the
army with hosts of physicians and
nurses, being hurried to the scene.
Pope Pius ordered that aid be sent to
places In urgent need and a relief
fund held in readiness by the Vatican.
Though southern .Italy was thronged
with tourists, it was believed there
were no casualties among the Ameri
Two days after the earthquake a
tornado swept over the Venice district,
killing a dozen persons and causing
heavy damage over a stretch of 25
GERMANY nlso had Us disaster,
vastly less In magnitude but
shocking enough. During the cele
bration In Coblenz of the evacuation
of the Rhlneland, In which President
von Ulndenbnrg was the central fig
ure, n pontoon bridge across the
Moselle collapsed and about 80 men.
women and children were precipitated
Into the river. Many of them were
killed by the falling timbers and muny
others drowned. The bodies of 158
were recovered and It was feared
more might be found by divers. The
celebrations, which had been going
on gaily for several days, were brought
to an end by tbe calamity.
OVER In England there was an air
plane disaster made notable by
the prominence of the victims. A
Junkers air liner en route from France
to Croydon blew up near Gravesend
and Its six occupants were killed.
They were the marquis of Dulferln
and Ava; Viscountess Edaam, a noted
beauty and close friend of the prince
of Wales: Sir Edward Ward; Mrs.
Henrlk I.oofller. well known society
woman; Lieut. Col. George L. P. Hen
derson, the pilot, who was rated as
one of England's best flyers, and
Charles Shearing, second pilot.
THAT London naval treaty Is now
In effect so far as American action
goes. The senate by a vote of 58 to 9.
ratified the part, and next day Presi
dent Hoover signed It with the gold
pen used hy the American delegates
to tbe conference to sign the treaty
In London. The document was then
sent to London, where parliament was
engaged In giving the pact Its ap
In a formal statement President
Hoover said: "It Is a matter of sat
isfaction that tills great accomplish
ment In international relations has
at all steps been given united support
of both our political parties.
"With the ratification by the other
governments the treaty will translate
an emotion deep In the hearts of mil
lions of men and women into'a prac
tical fact of government and Inter
national relations. It will renew
again the faith of the world In the
moral forces of good will and patient
negotiation as against the blind forces
of suspicion and competitive arma
ment. It will secure the full defense
of the United States. It will mark a
further long step toward lifting the
burdens of militarism from the backs
of mankind and to speed the march
forward of world peace. It will lay
the foundations upon which further
constructive reduction In world arms
may be accomplished In the future.
We should by tills act of willingness
to Join with others In limiting arma
ment have dismissed from the mind of
the world any notion that the United
States entertains ideas of aggression,
imperial power, or exploitation of for
Immediately after the ratification
by the senate, the President asked for
the names of those who voted In op
position. These were Bingham of
Connecticut, Hale of Maine, Johnson
of California, Moses of New Hamp
shire, Oddle of Nevada. I'lne of
Oklahoma and Itobinson of Indiana,
all ltepubllcans; and McKellar of
Tennessee and Walsh of Massachu
FIVE senators from wheat states?
Capper, Allen. McMaster. Howell
and Pine?called on Chnlrmnn I.egge
of the federal farm board In Washing
ton and again urged that the board
adopt Capper's plan and buy a lot
more wheat In the effort to boost the
price. Once more Air. I.egge refused,
declaring the scheme would he at best
only a temporary erpcdient and In
the long run would make the wheat
problem worse. lie declared the
board, which has C0.000.000 bushels
on Its hands, would not purchase any
more at this time and would sell none
until the price advanced.
"What we want." said Mr. Legge,
"Is something permanent. Stabiliza
tion will work admirably on sea
sonal surpluses, but It cannot be used
on an accumulative surplus. We have
had an accumulative surplus In wheat
for four years. Stabilization will not
cure it. I don't say stabilization Is
a failure, hut It won't work at the
present time. To follow Senator Cali
per's plan would only encourage the
farmers In Kansas to raise more
wheat and make a bad situation
In Kansas the wheat problem Is
having powerful effect In the guberna
torial primary campaign. Governor
Reed, who attacks the farm board
plan for reduction of wheat acreage,
is up for renomlnatlon by the Repub
licans and Is opposed by Frank
Haucke of Council Grove, a farmer,
who upholds Legge's plan.
DETROIT, which has won an un
enviable repntatlon as a vice
center In recent years, has begun to
clean houses Charles Bowles, who
was serving his second term as mayor,
was ousted from office last week In a
special recall election, the mnjority
against him being 30,9.j0. When
Bowles took office last year he ap
pointed aa public works commissioner
one Joseph Gillespie who had been
forced out as police commissioner In
1916. when vice condfllona in Detroit
were especially bad. Cnder Bowles,
the newspapers declared, gambling
houses and speakeasies began running
wide open and Police Commissioner
Harold Emmons was said to be afraid
to close them. Finally, while Mayor
Bowles was attending the Kentucky
derby, Emmons did raid some places,
and the mayor thereupon ousted him.
Under the law a new election to fill
the mayor's place must be held within
30 days of the filing of the certified
returns of the recall election. Under
the law Bowles Is automatically a
candidate for re-election and any
other candidates may go on the ballot
by presenting nominating petitions
signed by 14,000 voters.
Only a few hours after the Detroit
voters had put Bowles out o[ office,
Gerald Buckley, a radio announcer
who had been delivering addresses
describing vice conditions In Detroit
and criticising the mayor's adminis
tration. was shot to death In the lob
by of a hotel by three men who es
caped. This was the eleventh gang
murder In the city in nineteen days.
Governor Green ordered the state po
lice to Investigate the crime Inde
pendently and said he would call out
state troops. If necessary, to stop the
assassinations. There were points of
similarity between the murder of
Buckley and that of Jake Unglo. the
Chicago reporter. It was asserted
Buckley had been the Intimate friend
of underworld characters, and the
Detroit police said they had In their
possession an affidavit purporting to
show that he had been extorting
money from bootleggers.
/~?LAUDIUS HUSTON, after confer
' ring with 1'retiiilent Hoover, an
nounced that he would resign as chair
man of the Itepubllcan national com
mittee on August 7. This greatly re
lieved the leaders of the party, who
had Insisted on Mr. Huston's retire
ment because of revelations made be
fore the senate lobby committee.
P\EMOCIIATS of Iowa in state con
'-'ventlon adopted a plank In their
platform calling for "a reasonable
definition" of what constitutes Intox
icating liquor and advocating a na
tion-wide referenttym on prohibition.
The reason for this stand, the resolu
tion says. Is the "nation-wide scandal"
brought about by dry law enforcement
methods. In this way the Democrats
accepted the challenge of the Itepub
llcan state convention, which voted
down a resolution urging modification
of the prohibition law.
OIOTING by the Egyptian Wafd
^ Ists was renewed last week In
Cairo and Port Said, and there were
a number of deaths In the battles with
the police and troops. Up to date the
British had not Intervened.
GLENN II. CUKTISS. a distin
guished pioneer In aviation, died
suddenly in a Buffalo hospital at the
age of fifty-two years. He was oper
ated on recently for appendicitis and
was thought to be well on the road to
recovery. Mr. Curtlss was one of the
foremost aviation experimenters and
was ranked next to the Wright broth
ers. He retired from active business
shortly after the World war, retain
ing directorships In several companies
that bear his name.
Another well-known American who
passed away was James Eads How,
"millionaire hobo." who during his life
had spent a large fortune In trying to
help the hoboes, denying himself even
sufficient food and clothing and othet
necessities of life. He died In a hos
pital at Staunton. Va.
Harry S. Black, chairman of the
United States Ilealty and Improve
ment corporation and known as the
moving spirit In the modern growth
of New Tork city and the construction
of many of Its greatest buildings,
committed suicide by shooting at bis
country home at Lloyd Harbor. Long
Island. He bad been In poor health
for a long time.
list. Wsstsrs Sawnutr Uaisa.)
HIS WIFE ;
; WAS ALWAYS ;
j A GREAT I
, I '
(S br D. J. Walsh.)
THERE were eight finely written
pages In the letter which It hail
taken an extra stamp to send.
Alice Draper read every word,
slowly, with I he pained look deepen
ing on her face.
I' Twenty-one years before Margatet
Wells and Alice had been married un
der the same floral arcb. A double
wedding, and the prettiest one of the
year, too, so everybody had snld. Mar
garet, of course, was the loveliest bride
and Richard Burling the handsomest
brldgegroom. From the start every
thing was In their favor. Richard
soon worked up to a high-salaried Job
on the road. Orson Draper, working
for the same firm, wns held back In
Alice folded the pages and put them
back Into the envelope. She had a
sense of helplessness at e lime when
she would have given aid. There was
nothing she could do. Margaret lived
far away. If she went to her?she
shook her head. She could write, of
course, but anything she could say
would sound so futile. She must think
a lot before she wrote at all.
Meanwhile, her own tasks and du
ties pressed more heavily than ever.
And she wns worried about her hus
band. Orson hadn't been sleeping
good of late or eating as much as he
should. Sometimes of an evening she
found hlra staring over the edge of his
This letter of Margaret's seemed
somehow to be horribly revealing.
Richard at first had slept and eaten
poorly and stared. Then had come
the first awful outburst, after which
things had never been the same be
tween husband and wife. In fact, as
Margaret said In her letter, they had
shnply gone on from that point to
worse and worse.
All day as she worked Alice thought
about the letter and her own prob
lems, which seemed now to bear a
strange likeness to Margaret's, as they
had been at first. She was getting
the boy ready for his first year In col
lege. David would come from his
camping trip In a few days and would
leave almost Immediately for the uni
versity. She had to have everything
In readiness for him to pack. All this
took time and careful consideration.
Then as chairman of an Important
committee she must devise some plan
whereby her club could add to its
finances before the year closed. She
wanted her plan to he fresh enough
to attract attention. She wns reading
everything that she could lay her
hands on In the hope of finding some
workable idea. Then, also, she had
wrenched her shoalder In a way that
the doctor seemed grave about. She
hadn't told any one about that. And.
lastly, there was Orson. She was more
troubled about him than about all the
That night she had an unusually ap
petizing supper?roast pork, potatoes
mashed to a fluff, homemade rolls, a
shortcake for dessert. She had fin
ished a new frock and she put It on.
She looked nice; although twinges of
pain left her a bit white about the
lips. Just before time for Orson to
drive up the street she turned on the
lights. It was raining and storming
and she wanted the cheer of his home
to go out to him.
Yet, as she waited for him, she had
an appalling sense of wasted effort.
Suppose that Just as Richard Burling
had grown tired of Margaret. Orson
had grown tired of her! She loved
him. But what If In their middle age,
with a boy ready for college, her hus
band had censed to love her!
When he opened the door she met
him with the old, quick, cheery greet
ings. He answered In kind, "How've
you been, AHceT'
"Fine. Dinner's Just ready to serve."
Tbey sat down at opposite sides of
the pretty table.
"Roast pork, eh?" Orson said. "That
looks good." He helped her and then
himself and began to eat as If the food
tasted to bis liking. Neither talked
daring the meal. This was not unus
ual, for Alice renllzed that Orson had
been talking nil day. After matching
bis wits with other men's her small
affairs couldn't Interest him to any
While she washed the dishes he
looked at his new-sprier. Presently she
came Into the room and. sitting down,
took up her sewlPi- After a few mo
ments she lifted her eyes and saw that
her husband was regarding her Intent
ly. At that moment her shoulder gave
a fierce twinge. She came near cry
lng out, not ?o much with physical
pain as with heart'* agony. Her hand*
trembled oa ahe tried to resume her
atltchtng on Dnvld'a pnjamaa.
Oraon flung aalde his paper and set
tled back In his chair.
"I got a letter from Dick the other
day," he remarked. "He's ready to
quit Murgnret. He doesn't seem to
think she's lived up to her contract.
I'm sorry for Dick."
"I heard from Margaret. She has
her side, I think." Alice spoke guard
edly. "He Is tired of her, that's all."
"Yes, he's tired of her?darn tired,"
Orson said warmly. He reached Into
his pocket. "There's the letter, [lend
It." He tossed the envelope Into her
Alice rend the letter. It was brief,
but terribly vital. She wns shocked
hy what Itlehard bad torn out of his
heart to show the one friend he felt
he could speak to. She sighed as she
"Do you want to read Margaret's
"No! I have no sympathy with
Margaret. A woman who takes nil
and gives nothing! You see what l>lck
says there. He's going to throw up
Ills Job and go. That ends him." lie
sat silent for a moment. "The Arm
has asked me to take over his terri
"That means yon will leave home
and travel! You have always wanted
to do that!" Alice tried to stnile with
stiff, bluish lips.
Orson, not looking at her, laughed.
"That was before I got a settled
habit In life. I'd rather take less sal
ary and stay at home. If It's all the
same to you." lie looked ut her
'There nre no two ways of thinking
about that," Alice said, suddenly glow
ing with joy. She went over to his
chair, sat down on the arm, and put
her cheek against his. He encircled
her with his arm and held her close.
"You've made me too comfortable,
Alice," Orson said. "When I've come
home .nights, tired as a dog, you've
had food, love, understanding to give
ine. Every morning you've sent me
forth with renewed spirit. You never
complained when money was tight or
I was too worried over something to
remember your birthday with the cus
tomary box of candy."
"That only happened twice," Alice
reminded liiin gently.
"You've been a great booster. And,
I'll admit It, I'm the kind of fellow
who needs boosting?occasionally. 1
don't know what I'd been without you,
old girl. That's what poor Dick lacked
?bis wife's sympathy. For 20 years
she's kept his nose on the grindstone;
she needn't &e surprised at what's hap
pened. I've envied Dick. There's been
times when I hankered aft??r bis job.
Now I can have It.?"
Alice waited. Her heart beat fast.
"But aside from the fact I like my
own job too well, I can't take Dick's.
That's what's been nagging at me,
ever since I beard from Dick. I knew
you'd like a little more money, that's
natural. We'll have to skimp to put
the boy through college. But he's got
a big mind; he'll amount to a lot more
than Ids father ever will?you're sure
you feel about this Job business Just
the way I do?"
"Sure." said Alice.
"Tlien you write to Margaret. And
I'll write to Dick. Maybe we can do
something for them yet?"
"There's the door-bell!" exclaimed
It was a mesesnger with a night
telegram. A1 he tore It open.
"From Margaret!" alie aniil. "'Dick's
going to ?ta.v. My fault. Letter to fol
low." " She rent! the words alouil. hold
ing the paper with one hand while she
wiped tears off her cheek with the
"Now then." said Orson, gaily, "when
you write to Margaret he right on yout
Job every word you aay. Iloost Dick
for ull he's worth. You can do It."
"Sure, I can do It," replied Alice as
she hurried across the room toward
Iter little writing desk.
The first stadtholder of Holland
was William of Nassau, styled the
Great, who was killed by an assassin,
an alleged hireling of Philip II of
Spain, July 10, 1534. The princes of
Orange, stadtholders during the Dutch
republic, founded the royal house now
represented by Wllhelmlna of Holland
and princess of Orange-Nassau.
WIIHam the Great recovered the
principality of Orange In 1559, and
led the revolt which under pacification
of Ghent led to the unlor of the north
and south provinces.
The house of Orange was over
thrown by the French In 1785, but re
stored In 1813, and two years later the
prince assumed the title of king of the
Tbii Looks Fishy
The world's population Is estimated
now at more than 2.000,000,000, with
850,000,000 In Asia. 550,000,000 In Eu
rope, 230,000,000 In North and South
America (part of them In the United
States), 150,000,000 In Africa, and
7,000,000 In Australia. And yet occa
sionally a man will say: "There's
only one girl In the world for me!"
Typical "Row House" of Rural Iceland.
(Prepared br the National Ueocraphtc
Society. Wash InRton. D. C.1
ICELAND'S celebration this sum
mer of the thousandth anniversary
of the organization of Iter popular
assembly, ihe Althing, finds a
country that has advanced like the
rest of the world in'its chief city, hut
has retained tlie simple life In Its rur
al districts. So simple is rural life
that in many parts of the island the
villages and farms nre not connected
by roads; only trails exist, and all
travel la done on pony buck.
The Island's one sizable city Is
Ileykjavik, the capital. Of Ihe 101.
000 people in Iceland, about 2.">,000
live in Iteykjavlk.
Politics was responsible for the first
settlement in Iceland, aDd fish brought
about its development Ingolf and
njorlelf, two disgruntled chiefs of
Norway who refused to acknowledge
Ilaruld rinufnger, the first Norwegian
king, settled on the southern shore of
the island in 671 A. D. When the
value of the fishing grounds found by
these pioneers became known, n nam
ber of Scandinavian settlements came
To the visitor approaching by water,
iteykjavlk's commercial aspect con
ceals all evidence of the fact that
this city has been the capital of Ice
land since 1800 and its sent of learn
ing. Scores of fishing craft and com
mercial vessels, battered by the sea
and in need of paint, dot the anchor
age. The quays are lined with ware
houses, and here and there along the
shore nre cod-drying grounds, white
with slabs of fish. Anchored vessels
may he seen filling their holds with
alternate layers of fresh tish and salt,
thus preserving the fish for a quick
trip to northern European porta.
Scenes in KeyKjavue.
After one lands, however, and enters
the city, commerce Is no longer domi
nant. Broad streets are lined with
rather gaudily painted wooden and
corrugated Iron houses. Along the
streets American automobiles dart.
The Asturvollura, the city square.
Is the center of Interest In Reykjavik.
Facing It is the great stone house in
which the thousand-year-old Althing
meets every two years. On another
side Is the cathedral, built of stone,
1 but with a tower of wood. It was
built In 1817. In the center of the
square is a statue of Thorraldsen, fa
mous sculptor of Iceland. This statue
wns a gift from the city of Copen
hagen In 1874.
In another part of the city are the
buildings of the Iceland university,
which was only recently established?
1011. In the same section arc the mu
seum and librnry, the latter housing
80,000 books and manuscripts. In the
museum Is a collection of Icelandic
antiquities, geological specimens, and
objects of Industrial art.
A unique feature of the capital city
is Its public laundry of natnrally heat
. ed water from hot springs that were
[ once geysers.
Because of the lack of roads In
many parts of the Island all the travel
Is done on pony back. But out from
Reykjavik, Akureyri. and even smaller
towns, roads are reaching farther and
farther; and Icelanders vision the day
?many of them not without sadness?
when the pony will lose bis all Impor
tant place In the Icelandic transpor
tation system, and when automobiles
will bowl along over a network of
highways that penetrates even the
seared volcanic wastes of the Interior.
Farming and Ashing are the chief
Industries. Forty-seven thousand Shet
land ponies are raised, chiefly for ex
port, and the sheep number about 900,
000. During the abort summer season
many vegetables can be raised, but
the potatoes grow only to the size of
Its Ancient 8agas.
Iceland Is the land- of the Sagas,
the oldest literature of Europe, of
which Sir Rider Haggard save- Too
ample, too prolix, too crowded wit;
detail, they cannot vie In art with the
epics of Greece; but In their pictured
of life, simple and heroic, they fall be
neath no literature in the world, save
the Iliad and the Odyssey alone."
The language in use today is the
same as the ancient language of aU
Scandinavian countries, the Icelanders
alone having preserved it, chiefly due
to the remoteness of their island.
Since December 1, 1018, Iceland has
been recognized as an independent
state, united with Denmark only
through the identity of the sovereign.
The island is about 310 miles long
from east to west and 100 miles wide
from north to south, with an area of
40,000 square miles.
Historic House Rebuilt.
For Iceland's millennial celebration
an early Icelander's bouse that was
burned 810 years ago was reconstruct
ed. The Dew house duplicates, as
nearly as possible, the historic home
of one of Iceland's greatest lawyers?
NJal. lie was learned in the volumi
nous and technical law of Viking Ice
land before William the Conqoeror
brought the English Jury system to
England on the end of a Norman
Iceland has rebuilt NJal's home be
cause the fame of his legal skill, to
gether with the story of his death
amid melodramatic scenes, has been
preserved in one of the most cher
ished of Iceland's sagas. "The Story
of Burnt NJal." The saga came into
being eleven years after Lief Eric
sou's Journey from Greenland to Amer
ican shores, which was in the year
1(?00 A. D.
The appearance of many Viking
houses resembled a street of modern
row houses In eastern United Stales
and seaboard cities. The triangular
Viking gable ends ranging in a line
suggested a series of cottages shoul
der to shoulder, but each Viking gable
roof usually sheltered a single room.
The whole sprawling1" Viking bouse of
many gables was connected by a nar
row ball that Jinked the rooms in tbe
game way that covered passages link
up tbe many buildings of a New Eng
land farmhouse. Tnrf often roofed the
Viking's honse, and in spring he lived
beneath a carpet of wild flowers.
Interior of the Residence.
[.ending men of the Island, such as
NJal, usually had one high-roofed,
large hall In their houses. This hall
hud three divisions lengthwise; a nave
and .two low side aisles-separated by
low stone walls. The high roof of the
nave was supported by two lines of
wooden pillars brought over stormy
seas from Norway in the small Viking
ships. This hall was a sleeping, eat
ing and living room for the chief and
his retainers. Some of these halls,
which served as eating, living and
sleeping rooms, were very large. One
In Iceland was 200 feet long and 60
Down tbe center of the hall was one
long fireplace. The smoke from the
lire found Its way out through boles
cut high up In the roof. Benches for
the family, servants and retainers ran
along each side of the long fireplace.
In the low-toofed aisles parallel to the
long axis of tbe ball were bnnks for
sleeping. These bunks usually had
swinging doors which locked on tbe
Inside so that the sleeper could lock
himself In his comoartment.
Such a bouse was burned down
over NJal's head. NJal bad been too
successful In tbe Iceland courts. He
knew Icelandic law so well be could
repeat it all from memory. So he, his
sons, und his friends and servants
were attacked by a rival gang. With
spears and battle axes they beat oft
the attackers who finally set fire to a
haystack which In turn fired the bouse.
Women and children were permitted
to go out safely, except Bergtbora.
NJal's wife, who chose to stay with
lier husband. NJal himself was to
old to flgbt so he and Bergthora lay
down together, covered themselves
with an ox bide and awaited their
t?-~. - -