the Alamance gleaner
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY AUGUST 21, 1930. NO. 29.
1?President Hoover receiving a birthday present of a carved buffalo horn from representatives of the Boy
Scouts of America. 2?MaJ. Gen. Douglas MacArthur who has been selected to succeed Gen. Charles I'. Suinmerall as
chief of staff of the United States army In November. 3?Frank Haucke, World war veteran, who defeated Gov.
Clyde M. Reed of Kansas for tbe Republican gubernatorial nomination.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Drought Relief Program Is
in Effect, Directed by
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
r\EFINITE plans for drought re
lief were made at a conference
In the White House which was partic
ipated in by the governors of the
states most seriously affected. To
these executives President Hoover
stated the program on which he and
Secretary of Agriculture Hyde had
been working for a week, and in the
main It was approved by them. Its
principal features are the setting up
of federal, state and county organi
zations through which financial aid
may be given fnrmers who have suf
fered severely from the long dry
spell, and arrangements for emerg
ency means to prevent human suffer
One relief step already was in ef
fect?the reduction by 00 per cent of
freight rates on live stock and feed in
and out of the drouglit areas. In or
der to make the new rates directly
available where they are needed ar
rangements were made for the De
partment of Agriculture to certify to
the railroad companies of each state
where the drought is sufficiently acute
to justify them. Any dealer or farm
er desiring to move any of the emer
gency commodities reports his needs to
the local county agent, who may ap
prove or disapprove the application
and notify the locid station agent of
the railroad. A special liaison officer
in Washington handles negotiations
on particular cases between the De
partment of Agriculture and the rail
It is believed that use of the coun
ty agents, who are under Die Depart
ment of Agriculture, will prevent any
one taking speculative advantage of
the lower rates.
Following his conference with the
governors, the President met the heads
of the National Grange, the Farmers'
union and the American Farm Bureau
federation. Chairman I.egge of the
federal farm board also was In Wash
ington, having hurried back from the
Northwest by plane.
President Hoover announced that
his plans for a vacation trip to Gla
cier and Yellowstone national parks
were canceled and that lie would re
main in or near Washington to help
put Into effect the drouglit relief pro
grant, apendlng the week-ends at his
camp on the Itapldan.
HOUSEWIVES of the country are
warned not to let themselves be
gouged by dealers In vegetables, fruit
and other foodstuffs. There is no
cause for alarm over u shortage of
euch commodities, and no Justification
for a marked advance In prices ex
cept in certain localities. Congress
man La Gnardta called upon the
President and Secretary Hyde to re
port that profiteers In New York city
had raised prices from 20 to 35 per
cent. Mr. Hyde said there would be
no profiteering by the farmers, and
that the government would do what
It could to stop price gouging by mid
Reports that barley, wheat and rye.
amall grain usually more costly than
corn, were being substituted generally
over the country for corn as feed for
animals and In Industrial uses, were
noted. The existing barley crop of
330,000,000 bushels Is almost twice
the size of any barley crop produced
In the last ten years. It has increased i
In value In recent weeks, and Is being I
used to larger extent In dairy feeds
and by farmers, chiefly In Wisconsin
and Minnesota, millers reported.
Corn products manufacturers have
purchased rye and barley as well as
wheat In recent weeks for substitution
In making industrial alcohol.
Nature did something In the way of
relief, sending cooler weather and oc
casional rains to some parts of the
DESPITE the facts that he bolted
the Republican ticket in 1928 and
supported At Smith and that he Is a
leader of the insurgents in the sen
ate who make so mnch trouble for the
administration. Senator George W.
Norrls of Nebraska was renominated
by the Republicans of that state, the
"regular" candidate, W. M. Stebbins,
being decisively defeated. Gov. Arthur
J. Wearer also won a renominatlon,
beating Harry O. Palmer of Omaha.
In the Democratic primaries former
Senator Gilbert M. Hitchcock defeat
ed Dr. Jennie M. Callfas by about
three to one. Doctor Callfas bolted
the Democratic ticket two years ago
to support Herbert Hoover. She was
indorsed this year by the W. C. T. U.
For the governorship the Democrats
named Charles W. Bryan, brother of
the Commoner, who formerly held that
Regular Republicans of Nebraska
were not supine nnder the Norrls vic
tory. They intimated it had been won
by wholesale Democratic support, and
it was announced that Beatrice Fenton
Craig, a Lincoln school teacher, would
oppose Norrls as an Independent Re
publican by petition.
Senator Joe Robinson ,nnd Gov.
Harvey Parnell won their fights for
renominatlon by the Democrats of
Arkansas. In Alabama the same party
named John H. Bankhead of Jasper
for the senate. Ills chief opponent
In the election will be Senator Thomas
J. Heflin who, being barred from the
primary for bolting Smith In 1928, la
running as an independent.
Oklahoma's run-off Democratic pri
mary resulted in victory for W. H.
Murray for governor and Thomas P.
Gore for the senate. Their respective
Republican opponents will be Ira A.
Hill and Senator W. B. Pine.
Democrats of Ohio went net and
dry. They named for senator Con
gressman Robert J. Bulkley of Cleve
land, an advocate of repeal of nation
al prohibition; and then they turned
around and selected as their guberna
torial candidate Congressman George
White of Marietta, a pronounced dry
who has Anti-Saloon league backing.
Senator Roscoe C. McCulloch and
Gov. Myers Y. Cooper, Republicans,
were unopposed for renominatlon.
SENATOR KESS of Ohio, the new
Republican national chairman,
sa.va that the Hawley-Smoot tariff law
will he the chief issue In thi* fall's
congressional campaigns. He admits
that prohibition may be a controlling
factor In some districts, but asserts
"the distinctively social and economic
nature" of that problem precludes It
from becoming a national partisan Is
sue. Neither of the major parties, be
says. Is ready to make dry law en
forcement an issue.
L'nder the Immediate direction of
Robert H. I.ucas, new executive di
rector of the national committee, re
search and publicity men will be
placed In charge of two bureaus to
conduct a continuous "educational"
campaign to counteract the Democrat
ic tariff propaganda.
Chairman Fess accepted the resig
nation of Mrs. Louise M. Dodson as
director of women's activities In the
Republican national committee, and
gave the position to Mrs. Ellis R. Tost
of Virginia, a leader In the National
\V. C. T. U. and an experienced and
VARIOUS aviation records were
smashed last week. First, Dale
Jackson and Forest O'Brine with their
plane Greater St. Louis, recaptured
the endurance refueling record that
was taken away from them by the
Hunter brothers at Chicago. The
Hunters' mark was 544 hours, but it
was easily beaten by the St. Louis pi
lots who, at this writing, are still In
the air with the announced Intention
of staying there for 1,000 hours.
Then Capt. Frank M. Hawks sped
like an arrow across the continent
from Los Angeles to New York, with
two stops for fuel, making the distance
in the remarkable time of 12 hours 25
minutes and 3 seconds. His plane, a
Whirlwind powered Travelalr, main
tained an average speed of more than
200 miles an hour.
Over In Germany Robert Kronfeld
set a new world's record for distance
gliding, soaring from Wasserkuppe to
Gersfeld, about 97 miles. His flight
lasted all afternoon and he had to ma
nenver his gilder In a heavy gale.
Miss Laura Ingalls at St. Louis
broke all records for barrel rolls, mak
ing 714 of them before coming down.
With one of Its six engines disabled,
the British dirigible R-100 left Mont
real Wednesday evening for home.
She started at a speed of 80 miles an
hour, with favorable weather Indicated
for the Atlantic crossing. Fifteen pas
sengers were aboard, besides the crew
LABOR troubles in the cosl field at
Providence, Ky., led to a novelty.
An airplane appeared over the region
and a number of bombs were dropped,
some of which exploded but none of
which did any material damage. The
plane was traced by its color and num
ber and one Paul Montgomery of
Murphysboro, III., was arrested as the
pilot. He confessed and named his
two companions who, he said, made
and dropped the bombs. One of them
was nabbed. Montgomery said he was
compelled to go on the bombing raid
by threats that he and his family
would be killed.
BRITISH forces are busily engaged
In defending the Khyber pass,
northern entrance to India, and the
Important city of Peshawar against the
attacks of Afrldi tribesmen. So far
the Invaders have made little progress,
largely becuuse of the efficient use of
bombing airplanes by the British; but
the situation is considered dangerous
and the Afridls, who have been Joined
by other tribes, though driven back
from Peshawar, are threatening other
places not so strongly fortified.
AJITORG Trading corporation, the
Soviet commercial agency In this
country, announces that In the last two
months orders to the value of $40,300,
000 for agricultural machinery and
tractors have been placed In the Unit
About 83 per cent of the purchases
are made up of tractors, 12 per cent of
combines, and the remainder of other
agricultural machinery and spare parts.
It was stated. The orders were de
scribed as "the largest for farm ma
chinery ever placed for export In a
corresponding period of time," and as
"the result of the rapid development
of large scale mechanized farming In
the Soviet union."
TWO men who gained fame In the
World war were taken by death
during the week. They were MaJ. Gen.
Charles T. Menober, one time comman
der of the Rainbow division In France
and a former chief of the army air
corps; and Gen. Sir Horace Smlth
Dorrien. who saved the allied retreat
at Mods by a daring disobedience of
the orders of Sir John French.
193d W aatara Ma??n?ae? I n inn k
| cupid i
i interfered |
i with her i
a diet a
(? by O. J. Wllth.l
Ada WII.son came out of the
beauty shop at five o'clock.
She had stolen away from her
hostess' house three hours ear
lier for the sake of enjoying a rare
treat. In the small town where Ada
lived It was not possible to get a good
permanent such as the beauty shop
specialized In. She had also Indalged
In an expert facial massage. When
she looked In the mirror and saw the
dainty waves of her pretty blond hair
and the glowing freshness of her skin
she felt ridiculously young and happy.
A confectioner's window tempted
her and she entered to buy a box of
cnndy for her hostess. Edna loved
chocolate-coated almonds. While her
package was being wrapped she
looked about her. Her glance fell on
an oljject that Instantly made her take
a penny from her purse. She hadn't
been weighed In a long time. She was
curious about her weight. She stepped
upon the scales, dropped the penny In
the slot and watched the pointer spin
round on the dial. The pointer
stopped at 169. Ada stared at the
figures. They were unbelievable. She
dropped another penny In the slot.
"Do these scales weigh right?" she
"Yes. madam, they do." The sales
girl smiled as she held out to Ada the
neat white pnckage.
Ada had an unpleasant feeling of
moisture between her shoulderblades.
Last time she remembered distinctly,
slip hnri weighed 1%). She had gained
thirty pounds. It did not seem pos
sible. And yet she hnd known for
some lime thnt there was something
wrong with her old blue satin. Bliss
Franklin, the dressmaker back home
who had fixed her up for this visit to
Edna Merrill, had assured her that
her measurements were Just the same.
But Miss Franklin was too sharp to
give offense to n good customer. After
that experience with Mrs. Klncli she'd
probably never again exactly tell the
tmth about what her tape measure
revealed. Mrs. Klnch's dress patterns
hnd called for two yards more. Ada's
dress pattern had not called for more
goods. But the old blue satin could
no longer be made to go around her.
Walking was good for reduction, so
Ada walked home the longest way
around. By the time she reached her
hostess' pleasant home she was hun
gry enough to eat raw potatoes, ller
appetite was sharpened hy the smell
of roast chicken floating out of Edna's
open kitchen window. But Edna,
trusting calmly to the efficiency of her
modern rangp, sat coolly In the fiorch
hammock talking to Elbert Boss. El
bert's taffy-colored roadster stood In
the Merrill's driveway. Edna had
asked him to dinner on Ada's account.
Knowing this, Ada had visited the
beauty shop. Der heart beat fast as
she mounted the porch steps and found
that Elhert had risen to greet her. lie
was nearlng middle age, a bachelor,
slightly gray at the temple, handsome,
with a line mouth and eyes thnt went
right through you. That was the way
Ada described Elbert's eyes to her
self. On the porch table where Elhert
had placed It to await Ada's coming
was a five-pound box of chocolates.
Edna referred to It laughingly.
"Elbert wouldn't let me have one
till you came, Ada. Here, take my
place. I've got to run out and see
v. hat's happening to my dinner."
Elbert and Ada were alone In the
porch hammock. On Ada's lap lay a
five-pounds tmx of delicious and ex
pensive chocolates such ss she had
never before tasted. The man she
was crazy noout was waning 10 see
her sample her candy. And she had
Just vowed to herself on her way
home that she would cut down on her
eats until she had got rid of the last
ounce of those superflous thirty
pounds. Here she was trapped Into
adding still more to her avoirdupois.
Her fingers tembled slightly as she
opened the box. She sighed faintly as
she looked down at the luscious
"Is that the kind you like?" Elbert
Ada lifted her blue eyes to his. Her
hand hovered over the candy. She
absently took one and started to pop
It Into her mouth. Rut Elbert play
fully caught her hand In his and with
his own Hps snatched away the goody.
"Either that or I had to kiss you."
Hope soared like a singing bird In
Ada's heart Rut at that Instant an
other car entered the Merrill's drive
way. Gus Merrill, owner of the car
and I lie pretty liouae. husband of Kdna. |
lintl arrived home from Ids oltK-e. n
slender, vivid young figure sot nut ol
the car ahead of lilin and run lightly
up the steps. The girl carried a
shiny hntbox. She did not wait for
her uncle to Introduce her but started
right In to make herself at home. She
sank down In the porch hammock he
tween Elbert and Ada. closer to El
bert thau to Ada. For Ada had with
drawn. Out of the corner of her eye
she was taking the girl In?cherry
colored dress cut sunhurn effect and
short enough to show her smooth
round knees, dark sleek boyish head
from which the girl had pulled her
white hat. Gus. coming heavily up
the steps, smiled In amusement at his
"I'll go In and tell auntie to push
your high chair up to the ruble.
Doris." he said. This was the host he
could do In the way of a joke. The
screen door flapped behind hint.
"What heavenly cund.v!" breathe I
Doris eyeing the box In Ada's lap.
"Help yourself." Aila extended hos
pitality with a smile. With girlish
contempt tor nuueu pounds nn?i nci.i
stomach Doris did help herself. The
first layer of candy in the box melted
nwny while she kept up a stream of
gay chatter directed toward Elbert.
She told him that she'd heard lots
about him, that she'd been dying to
meet him. She did not tell Ada that
she'd been dying to meet her.
The call to dinner came. It seemed
to poor Ada as If Edna had entered
into conspiracy against her. Kich
gravy, starchy vegetables, a rich pud
ding, smothered In whipped cream.
Ada battled with hunger nnd pride as
she sat beside Doris, who gobbled
everything. Gus Insisted on filling
everybody's plate the second time.
Edna had an awful way of asking:
"What's the matter with your pudding,
dear? Don't you like It?" Thereby
compelling Ada to devour the laRt
After dinner Doris turned on the
radio and declared that she must
dance. Uncle Gus was her first part
ner. Re soon played out. Then El
bert danced with Doris. Elbert danced
well. Ada did not dance. She sat on
the davenport nnd tried to act un
At last the evening ended. Doris,
It seemed, had a week's supply of
sheer lingerie nnd chiffon frocks In
her hat box. When Ada first saw that
hat box she had never dreamed that
Doris was a week-end guest.
By bedtime the candy box was pretty
well rifled. Elbert hadn't had a minute
alone with Ada. She felt that he
didn't care nnd she grew cold. The
memory of those thirty pounds preyed
upon her. Elbert wanted something
young, slim, sporty, not a fat old
frump like herself. She grew sick at
She lay long awake In nightmarish
agony. She might us well rat her
visit short and go home. She fell
crushed, defeated. For two years she
had planned and saved for this visit
to her old school friend. The unex
pected entrance of Klhert upon the
scene had thrilled her. She had fallen
In love with him. She had hoped an I
Kdnn hnd encouraged her to hope.
Now It was all over. No man could
resist Doris. Ada could go hack home
to her married sister's house, where It
wasn't always agreeable, to her desk
In the public library, to llenry I'ratt,
who wanted her to help bring up h'.s
five motherless children and whom her
sister thnnght was plenty good enough
for her. "l'ou've waited too long to
be choosy now." Jule always said.
Rreakfast next morning was an or
deal for Ada. She felt she looked
shriveled. And for once her appetite
was gone. Doris left the table for a
mysterious telephone call to someone;
Ada was sure she heard Doris say
Elbert. Then she thought of some
thing she had forgotten to say and
called him up ngdJn. Ada could not
meet Edna's troubled eyes.
A taffy-colored ear came Into the
driveway. Doris Maw It and started
up with a shriek of joy. She ran out
of the house. Adalsaw her talking to
Elbert. She could bear no more. She
got up and went upstairs to her room.
She wasn't given to crying, but the
thing she wished most to do was to
fall prone on her bed and weep. No I
There was something else. She could
pack up and go home. Feverishly she
began to fling things Into her suitcase,
the old blue dress that wouldn't go
round her. everything.
Running steps on the stairs. The
door opened. Edna came In.
"Ada! What on earth ar* you do
ing? Elbert's come for you. He
wants to take yon out and show you
his home?where you're going to live.
Get on your things and hurry right
The singing bird again started np.
Then fell back upon cold cruel earth.
Ada looked Into Edna's #yes.
"What is Doris going to do?" she
"She's going to play tennis with the
boy next door. What did you think?
That Elbert would want a little flap
per like that kid to share his busy
life? Tou're the first girl that's ever
made a real hit with him. He told
Una so last night."
Flood Waters Raging Through a Break in a Mississippi Levee.
(Prepared by the National t.eoRrapnlc
Society. Waahinxton. D. C.)
NATURE played favorites In ap
portioning the great rivers of
the world. Of the dozen larg
est, six are in Asia and three
in Africa, leaving only three for the
two continents of the New world. And
among the twelve leaders, Europe and
Australia are wholly unrepresented.
The longest single river Is the Nile,
measuring some 4.000 miles from head
to mouth. The Nile is further distin
guished In that It has no tributaries
for the last 1,500 miles of Its coarse
to the sea. During this stretch Its
waters ore considerably reduced in
volume by evaporation and irrigation,
so that It grows smaller instead of
larger toward Its mouth.
Other African rivers among the
length-scoring twelve are the Niger
and the Congo, both fed by the trop
ical rains of hot regions near the
Equator. In a general way they more
nearly resemble South America's rep
resentative, the Amazon, than the
great streams of the colder northern
Of Asia's six longest rivers, four are
in Siberia, the <>h, Yenisei and Lena,
flowing north Into the Arctic ocean,
and the Amur emptying Into an arm
of the Pacific. The other two are the
Yangtze and Hwang, or Yellow, river I
These twelve river basins represent
the greatest variety of climate and
civilization. The Amazon and the
Congo flow through lush equatorial
Jungles inhabited by birds of brilliant
plumage, wild nnimals and savage
._ii i.11_ ,i..
inni'B, Willie IHC Mivuiiia III nir I c
nisei and the I.enn are above the
northern timber line and their valleys
support Ihe sparsest population. The
Mississippi and the Yangtze flow
through established. If divergent, civ
ilizations, with rich cities along their
banks like Jewels on a string. The
Nile Is one of the cradles of world
history; the Mackenzie Is still a
Five of the dozen rivers (low to the
north. These are the Nile. Mackenzie.
Ob, Yenisei, and I-ena. The Missis
sippi and Niger (low south. The
Amur, Yangtze, Hwang anfAmazon
run eastward. Only the Congo points
toward the west.
Diffsrance in Floods.
All these streams overflow their
banks at Intervals but the results are
strangely different. In the case of the
Mississippi and the Yangtze, floods are
national disasters bringing untold suf
fering to millions. The annual over
flow of the Nile with resulting ferti
lization of the valley by the deposit
of silt Is the source of the wealth of
Egypt. The Hwang, or Yellow river,
from Its habit of overflowing Its banks
and changing Its entire course at In
tervals Is known as the "scourge of
The Amazon and the Congo He al
most under the Equator, and the oth
er ten longest rivers are In the north
ern hemisphere. Four flow Into the
Arctic ocean. A reason Is not far to
seels The greatest land masses are
In the northern half of the world, and
without large land areaa long rivers
are Impossible. The smaller conti
nents of Australia and Europe are not
represented In the dozen. Similarly,
the reason for the longest rivers flow
ing to the north and east Is that the
longest continental slopes extend In
The Yangtze nnd the Mississippi arc
lined with wealthy cities largely be
cause of their location In the temper
ate zone. The tropic Amazon, Niger,
and Congo are too hot; the Mackenzie
and the Siberian rivers are too cold
for the favorable growth of towns
The Nile valley beyond Cairo Is s
mere strip of green from 15 to
miles wide between two burning des
erts The Hwang Is too variable Ir
Its habits to encourage navigation 01
From the earliest times these loni
rivers have furnished high roads for
the exploration of continental Inter!
,ors Nero sent an expedition to die
cover the neanwaters or me >ne,
which failed to reach its objective.
Iius.sian penetration of Siberia fol
lowed the great river beds. The
Amazon and the Congo are still high
ways of discovery. Head reaches of
the Yangtze are veiled in Asiatic ob
scurity. The Niger was the river of
romance in the great days of Tim
buktu. The histories of the world's
river basins have been the history of
the world's empires. A great river is
both a roadway and a source of life.
Menace of the Mississippi.
Although North America can claim
only two of the world's dozen longest
rivers, it possesses in the Mississippi
Missouri the longest of them all.
This magnitude of the Mississippi is
becoming more and more of a menace
because each flood seems greater than
the preceding one. Why this should
be true has been a problem to some
laymenbut one of the chief factors
is plain enough: it is the usually laud
able effort of Americans to develop
and build up their country.
Aside from the fact that several de
codes ago there were fewer people liv
ing und fewer dollars invested in the
regions subject to overflow in the low
er Mississippi valley, the flood stages
were actually lower in those days.
In late years a constantly increasing
population has been bosy changing
these conditions. Every tree cut, ev
ery roof built, every street paved, ev
ery drainage ditch dug. and every cul
vert constructed In the vast area
drained by the Mississippi river sys
tem has done its hit toward pouring
rainfall more quickly into the great
The fart that the flood waters
spilled away at numerous places Into
swamps and lowlands kept the flood
crest down In the lower river. In
1717 three foot levees protected New
Orleans. Now they rise 20 feet or
more above the city. Even as late as
1SS2 the highest flood stage at New
Orleans was 1C feet. In 1922 It was
above 22 feet. One reason, at least,
for this. Is that more efficient levee
maintenance for many hundreds of
miles along the river has herded the
flood waters past New Orleans as well
as other lower river points in the reg
Levees Protect Vast Areas.
More Intensive development of the
lowlands has made this levee system
necessary. Now some 29.000 square
miles are dependent on the levees for
protection. Breaks still occnr, and
when they do they drain off some of
the flood waiters and so relieve in some
measure the strain on the banks far
ther down stream. Bnt it Is not the
Innocuous affulr that It was In the
days of De Soto. Now towns and plan
tations. railways and Industrial plants
lie In the lowlands, and any "relief"
that a levee break may occasion to
down-river points Is at a cost of many
lives and much valuable property.
On the whole a considerable quan
tity of water finds Its way from the
lower Mississippi through levee breaks
and bayous. The most Important nat
ural safety valve Is the Atchafalayn
river or bayou which flows away from
the Mississippi at the mouth of the
Red river, and finds Its way directly
to the Gnlf of Mexico some 00 miles
WW! or ->ew vmeMus.
The Mississippi river system Is truly
n continental feature, draining a mil
lion and a quarter of the three million
odd square miles of the United States.
Thirty of the 48 states send a greater
or less contribution of water to this
The main Mississippi rlrer Is more
than 2.500 miles long, while the Mis
sissippi-Missouri is 4,200 miles In
length?the longest river system In
the world. The great scale on which
the Mississippi is built becomes evi
dent when one considers the time re
quired for floods to pass down Its
course. About thirty days are re
quired for the surging flood crest to
pass from the mouth of the Ohio to
New Orleans, and from ten days to
two weeks from Greenville, Miss., to