The Alamance gleaner
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, IS, C., THURSDAY NOVEMBER 6, 1930. NO. 40.
t?Ten million dollar dam near Bradford, Yorkshire, third largest In the world, which Is nearlng completion.
2?Col. Arthur Woods of New York, who Is chairman of the President's emergency committee on relief of unem
ployment. 3?Mrs. Keith Miller of Australia, veteran nrlatrlx, at the completion of her Might from I.oa Angeles
to New York In 21 hours and 47 minutes, a new record for women flyers.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Dr. Getulio Vargas Becomes
the New President of
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
GREETED everywhere by cheering
throngs and showered with flow
ers, Dr. Getulio Vargas made a trium
phal progress from soul hern Brazil,
through Sao Paulo to Rio de Janeiro, ;
and assumed the presidency of his
country. This was the culmination of
file revolutionary movement which he
had so skilfully led. The military
Junta that took over the government
in Rio when President Washington
Luis resigned under compulsion speed
ily settled the impending quarrel among
the various leaders of the rebellion
and selected Vargas as the new Presi
dent. He was a candidate for that
office in the last election, in which
Julio Prestes was victorious, and his
supporters claimed he was defeated
by fraudulent count of the votes.
Following Vargas up to Rio were
thousands of his revolutionary troops,
mainly gauchos, rough cavalrymen, un
shaven, tanned and clad in khaki and
wide brimmed hats. The other armies
of the movement also gathered In the
capital city and plans were made for
a great military parade on Novem
ber 15. the forty-second anniversary
of the republic.
A proclamation issued early in the
week said in part:
"The government headed by Doctor
Vargas will direct the republic of
Brazil without any promises and in
accordance with the program of the
Liberal alliance. The duration of Doc
tor Vargas' government, which will be
as constitutional as possible, will he
for an undetermined period, until the
public life of Brazil has been recon
The final hours of the revolution
were marked by considerable violence
and disorder. In Rio a detachment of
troops tried a last resistance which
was quickly quelled with bloodshed.
There was much rioting in various
cities, especially in Sao Paulo where
mobs burned Cambucy prison and lib
erated all the prisoners and also the
gambling places and political clubs.
WITH understandable Indignation
President Hoover denounced as
"Infamous" the oil shale land charges
made against I he Department of the
Interior by Ralph S. Kelley who was
an employee of the land office, which
charges were declared unfounded by
the Department of Justice after an
Investigation. The President asserted
the whole affair was "an attempt.to
charge odious scandals to this admin
istration," and he was especially
severe on tlie New York World which
published Kelley's story in serial form.
The publication, lie said, was pur
posely delayed to be made in the midst
of the political campaign, though
Kelley negotiated the sale of his story
to the World In the summer.
"As a piece of journalism It may
well be that the newspaper involved
was misled." went on the President.
"It certainly does not represent the
practices of better American journal
ism. As a piece of politics it is cer
tainly far below the ideals of political
partisanship held by substantial men
In that party."
Coinciding with the celebration of
Navy duy in the United States, the
London three-power naval treaty was
pat Into effect with the formul de
positing of the ratifications of the lif*
natory powers in the British foreign
office. Prime Minister McDonald.
Foreign Minister Henderson. American
Ambassador Dawes and Japanese Am
bassador Matsuduira took part in the
ceremony, while the French and Italian
ambassadors looked on. To mark the
event. President Hoover and the prime
ministers of Great Britain and Japan
exchanged felicitations, which were
broadcast to the world by radio. Mr.
Hoover expressed the hope that the
limitations effected at London would
be followed soon by further reduc
tions In naval armaments; and both
he and Mr. MacDonald urged France
and Italy to an agreement so the pact
can he made a five-power treaty.
FRANCO-ITALIAN relations were
not improved during the week, for
Premier Mussolini took advantage of
the eighth anniversary of the march
of the Fascist! on Rome to indulge
in another of his provocative attacks
on his neighbors. He said Fascist
Italy is surrounded by enemies and
that a state of "moral warfare" al
ready has been declared against it In
preparation for military war. He dis
played a little book In which, he said,
"is noted down the day by day military
preparations of 1027, 1028, 1020 and
1030 against Italy, long before my
speeches at Leghorn. Florence and
Milan. Here Is a complete list of bat
teries placed, forts constructed and
armaments created and put in place."
This, of course, referred to the
formidable chain of fortresses and
machine gun nests which the French
are constructing on their eastern
frontier, recently described in dis
patches from Paris. In the course of
his speech the duce clearly revealed
the fact that Italy has lined up with
the nations that were its enemies In
the World war in their demand that
the peace treaties be revised and the
League of Nations covenant be re
EL'UOPK. ami especially Great Brit
ain. was deeply interested in a
conference in Angora participated in
by President Kelam Pasha of Turkey.
Premier Count Bethlen of Hungary
and Premier Venizelos of Greece.
While the purley was looked upon as
a good augury for future peace in the
near east. It also was thought the
three nations might be getting ready
to Join the concerted action for re
vision of the peace treaties. Greece
and Turkey, it was said, were dis
cussing a treaty of naval limitation
and would sign friendship and com
ADDIS ABABA, capital of Ethiopia
?better known to us as Abys
sinia?was the scene of a gorgeous
ceremony on November 2. Has Tafarl.
self styled "Inheritor of the Throne
of David, King of Kings and Anointed
of God." on that day mounted the
throne as Emperor Halle Selassie I.
being the 386th sovereign of that em
pire. A few days previously he had
killed a Hon, for Ethiopian tradition
Is that no man Is lit to rule the'state
or command warriors until he has per
formed that feat.
For a week or more deputations
from other nations and tourists from
many lands had been gathering and
the state and religious officials had
been preparing for the great event.
Has Tafarl spent *2,000,000 of his
own money for crowns, robes, car
riages. triumphal arches and other
paraphernalia, and the expenditures
of the government were as much, so
there was no lack of splendor or en
tertainment. Many other rulers sent
handsome coronation presents. Presi
dent Hoover's gift. In accordance with
| the American custom, was an auto
graphed photograph of himself.
Modern Abyssinlans claim their first
king was Ori, or Aram, son of Shem
and grandson of Noah; and Emperor I
Selassie traces his descent from Solo
mon and the Queen of Sheba, making I
his dynasty the oldest royal house in
IT WAS roughly estimated last week
that funds totaling nearly a billion
dollars had already been mobilized to
relieve the unemployment situation by
providing work for the jobless. By
sections, the Pacific coast leads with
about $475,000,000, and the Middle
West comes next with $285,000,000.
For its part the government is push
ing ahead many public works projects,
ordered the employment of some 250,
000 extra men by the Post Office de
partment during the holiday rush and
stopped the dropping of employees at
naval stations. The President's emer
genc.v committee on unemployment,
headed by Col. Arthur Woods, Is hard
at work co-ordinating the efforts of all
governments and organizations.
The size of the job confronting fed
eral, state and municipal agencies deal
ing with unemployment was indicated
in a forecast by the American Federa
tion of Labor that 5.000,000 persons
were threatened by idleness this win
ter. On the basis of this estimate the
federation said 20,000,000 persons?
one-sixth of the entire population
were threatened with acute need dur
ing the cold months.
T HADING pharmacologist* of the
' world gathered in St. Louis and
held a two-day celebration of the ter
centenary of the first recognized use
of quinine. The bark was used in
10'K) to cure the malaria of Juan Lo
pez Canizares, a Spanish statesman.
Among those attending the meeting
was Dr. M. Kerbosch, director of the
government cinchona plantation in
Java and considered the world's ex
pert on natural sources of quinine.
OAVAGK head hunters who fnhublt
^ the mountainous region in tlie cen
ter of Formosa have revolted against
their Japanese rulers and gone on the
warpath. Itocent dispatches say they
have killed many scores of Japanese
nnd peaceful natives and destroyed
some villages. The war office In
Tokyo sent lurge detachments of
troops to help the island police, hut
they had a difficult Job on their hands,
for It was almost Impossible to get at
the savages in their strongholds.
TlARRY PAYNE WHITNEY, one of
the best known nnd best liked o/
America's wealthy sportsmeu, died at
his home In New York after an Illness
of several weeks, at the age of fifty
eight years. Mr. Whitney Inherited a
large fortune from his father, who
ainulgamuted surface railways, and by
assiduous work Increased this to a
vast fortune ? possibly $200,000,000
lie also devoted much time and mone>
to yachting, racing and polo playing
Others who pussed awnv were Mrs
J. It. McKee. daughter of the lat<
President Benjamin Harrison: Dean
W. H. Hutton, of Winchester, England
a noted scholar; Bear Admiral C. W
Dyson. C. 8. N.. famous designer ol
marine engines, and Edward II. (Snap
per) Garrison, once the premier Jockej
THIKTY men were killed by nn ex
plosion in n coal mine ot McAles
ler, Okla., most of them being en
tombed beyond hope of recovery. Fr
Germany a similar disaster near Fried
richxtahl wax fatal to 107 minert.
Mils. KEITH MILLER of Australia
an ariatrlx of much ei|>eiienre.
act a new mark for women flyers ti
aim at when she flew from Los An
| gele* to Valley Stream. N. Y? In 21
i hours and 47 minutes. One of this
lady's previous flights was from Knf
Isnd to Australia.
(B, IMS. Wasters Nawspaper Ualoa.) I
? carmen m ynuum mn*m uwow ??
EARL AND ALIDA
Their names were Earl and Allda
and they had been named after two
lovely children by these names.
Earl was a splendid boy, and Allda
was a most attractive little girl, two
years younger than her brother. She
was four years old while he was six.
But the two I am going to tell you
about whose names were Earl and
Alida were two pigeons. Their mother
had heard the children called by these
names when she had been in a park
one day, and had thought the children
so nice that she had said she was go
ing to name her two baby pigeons by
There were other pigeons, too, with
other names, but these two proudly
bore the names of the children.
All the pigeons were having a love
ly bath In the morning sunshine. The
sun was shining brightly and the peo
ple were walking along when, just as
people were passing under some eaves
on the side of a building, a great deal
| of water fell down on their heads.
"Co-o-o-o-o," said the pigeons, "this
The people looked about them, for
, they couldn't understand at first how
the water came down on them when
the sun was shining so brightly, and
when it was such a nice, clear day.
But when they saw the pigeons and
the water in the eaves they remem
bered that they had had a heavy show
er the evening before and that now
the pigeons were bathing up there.
The pigeons hadn't noticed the peo
ple. They were all enjoying their
bathing in the eaves so much that they
didn't notice anything else.
And if they had noticed, they might
have thought they were giving the peo
"Thi? I* Fun."
pie n treat in letting tliem have some
ef the delightful water to sprinkle
over them, too.
Now Mother Pigeon was talking to
her children, particularly to her chil
dren, Karl and Alida.
"Alida," said her mother, "he sure
you wet your feathers. Now ! A good
I shake. There, that's the way!"
Then the mother pigeon would give
j herself a good shaking in the water
to show Alida how to do it.
i Daddy Pigeon was saying to Earl:
"There, Earl! That's the way. Don't
j he afraid of the water. A bath will
: do you good.
"The day is warm, the sun Is shin
i Ing, and we'll get good and warm aft
j er this. Our feathers will be dry In
Now Earl and Alida Pigeon were be
j ing told Just how to bathe In the best
i way. But It was not hard for them to
learn. They had lots of fun spatter
ing each other, and they played all
sorts of games.
It was not long before they had
really bathed enough, and, oh. the
many, many people who had had their
little share, too, of the dropping water
which came down every once In awhile
I so unexpectedly.
After they were really through bath
! lag and had shaken their feathers,
j they began to get dry in the hot sun. !
Earl and Alida Pigeon were quite |
sleepy after their playing, bathing, j
splashing and spattering, and they be- j
gan to coo very softly and then went
j to sleep.
But Just as they were dozing off, j
| Mother Pigeon said:
"Perhaps those nice children after
j whom I have named you, my loves,
| will leave some bread crumbs for us
some day when they go to the park !
! again and when they see us flying j
"We'll try to look at them In such |
! a friendly way that they'll be able to '
i recognize you two as Karl and Alida '.9
Small Boy (to tourist)?Say. mister,
i (I is Is the healthiest country In the
1 world. When I mine here I was so
; weak I could not walk and had to
live on a fluid diet.
Tourist?And how long ' have you
j lived here?
I Small Boy?Huh? I was born here.
T':''i ? - -t? 1 V.y/A
E marked oil Ited Cross work
during the year. Tills fuct
becomes outstanding as one
S studies the list of activities
sponsored hy the organisa
tion In its nutlonnl pro
One of the most recent
projects launched, and one
which has aroused great
Interest. Is thnt designed
to curtail automobile accident tolls.
The utility of that service Is too ap
parent to need "selling." It Is an
undertaking which requires careful
development though, and Ited Cross
leaders have not stressed speed so
much as thorough attention to every
Only Ited Cross chapters which have
adequute resources, as to size and
qualified personnel, are encouraged to
undertake such a duty In their terri
tory. Nevertheless, progressive com
munities are collaborating with their
Red Cross organizations In providing
this novel protection for their own,
and transient, automobile traffic.
As may be known to some, the plan
contemplates establishment of Ret)
Cross first aid posts adequately
manned, either by volunteer Red Cross
members trained In first aid, or equiv
alent staffs, and provided with, emer
gency first aid equipment and facili
ties for obtaining medical and hos
pital service In addition.
To Insure success, the Ited Cross
has Invited co-operutlo.i from national,
state and local authorities; automo
bile trades and associations; the medi
cal profession, Insurance companies,
and other nationally Important bodies.
Obviously It is a program requiring
time and public cooperation; equally
obvious, It Is a pioneer step of first
Importance to all groups mentioned
and to every one who drives an auto
Approximately CM1,000 people have
qualified under the Red Cross In first
aid and life saving so thnt, of that
number. It is cer.nln that many volun
teers will be available for the posts
as they are established in the various
communities in which these experts
Since the World war, to mention an
other practical work, the Rod Cross
has assumed, as required by Its char
ter, certain responsibilities toward ex
service snd servhe men, particularly
the disabled. The peak of this serv
ice had yet to be reached when new
and sweeping legislation at tbe last
sesalon of congresa made It apparent
to tbe Red Cross branch engaged In
thla Held that their already heavy
1. Red Cross workers at a military
hospital discuss soldiers' needs.
2. Red Cross "Grey Lady" minister
ing to disabled veterans.
3. Red Cross volunteers making !
4. Learning to give baby his bath, j
with Red Cross help.
duties were about to be vastly aug
Sick and disabled veterans are aided
ia presenting their cases to tlie neces
sary governmental bureau, a process
which is often beyond the abilities of
the individual; emergency needs are
met for certain veterans hospitalized
while iwalting compensation, or with
deferred claims of one kind or an
Its work In this field has met such
approval that in certain communities,
repdrts indicate, there Is a tendency
to have work for their veterans and
service men centralized under the
local Ited Cross chapter, in collabora
tion with other agencies interested.
Wherever the problem of the disabled
service man, or his family, exists to
any extent, this activity of the lied
Cross has proven its value.
The country, as a whole,, has been
comparatively free from severe cata
clysms of nature such us earthquake,
tornado, or flood, in the recent past
Taking advantage of the lull, Ited
Cross disaster relier forces are organ
izing through their locul chapters and
with the backing of stute and munic
ipal authorities, comprehensive plans
for those communities in event they
should be swept by some unexpected
calamity requiring prompt relief mens
No attempt is made here to list all
Red Cross chapters and the cominunl
lies tliey represent, uliich are pre
pared for disaster relief work anions
their |>0"p!e. However, npproxlmate
ly 400 lied Cross chapters in the
midwestern area of the country are
taking an active interest in this pro
cedure. In general, substantial prog
ress has l?een made by lied Cross
chapters in New Kngland. in the
southeastern states, and a high degree
of preparedness exists in the larger
renters of Indiana. Kentucky. Missis
sippi, Ohio and Tennessee.
Provision is now being made to
make fullest use of every modern
facility, ihe airplane has proven ir>
vn I liable on a number of occasions
already, and now the vast radio com
munication resources of the country's
amateur stations are being organize*I
In connection with ihe local lied Cross
chapters, to Insure emergency com
munication in case the established
telephone or telegraph systems are
tem|)orarily made useless, despite all
The Red Cross, through its nutri
tion service, has for years preached
the importance to the individual of
studying his food requirements scien
tifically to feet the best results In
health. It has done more than preach,
it teaches; and in this modern day
when every one is talking "diet" a cor
rect knowledge of what to eat is es
sential to individual and national
In the field of national health, an
Important contribution is made each
year by the Red Cross. Its several
hundred public health nurses assigned
to communities all over the United
States co-operate with school authori
ties. with local health department,
and the medical profession, in guat*l
ing and building up public health.
Instruction In Individual care of tin)
health, of the sick in the home, the
latter Instruction intended to supple
ment the efforts of the family doctor
In speeding the patient's recovery, are
other phases of Red Cross health
First aid and life saving is a popu
lar and well known science taught by
the Red Cross, enhancing its value to
the Industrial world; to athletic de
partments of schools and colleges;
and municipal recreational authorities
The annual invitation extended by
the Red Cross to join its ranks, this
year between the dates of November
11 and 27. Is the opportunity to share
the Red Cross. Its work is made pos
sible because so many thousands feel
that way about It, mad Join every year.