The Alamance Gleaner
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY DECEMBER 11, 1930. NO. 45.
1?Panoramic view of the Anglo-Indian ronnd table conference In London, with Prime Minister MacDonnld In
the chair. 2?Team from the Oklahoma A. and M. college which won the live stock judging contest at the Inter
national Live Stock exposition in Chicago. 8?Speaker Nicholas Longworth wielding the gavel at the opening
of the short session of congress.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Hoover A?ks Congress for
$150,000,000 to Provide
Work for Unemployed.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
CONC5RESS, In Its short session, was
asked by President Hoover on
Tuesday to appropriate from $100,
000,000 to $150,000,000 foj the acceler
ation of public works construction In
order to provide employment for men
out of work. It was asked nlso to
make this emergency fund distributable
upon recommendation of a cabinet
committee approved by the President.
With that amount available, the Presi
dent said It would be possible to ex
pend a total of $050,000,000 upon con
struction of all kinds In the next 12
"Our Immediate problem," sold the
message "Is the Increase of employ
ment for the next six months, and
new plans which do not produce such
Immediate results, or which extend
commitments beyond this period, are
The President also urged that an ap
propriation be made to the Depart
ment of Agriculture to be loaned to
farmers for the purpose of buying
seed and feed for animals, lie said
congress should complete legislation,
already started, in respect to Muscle
Shoals, bus regulation, relief of con
gestion In the courts, reorganization
of the border patrol in prevention of
smuggling, and law enforcement In the
District of Columbia. lie said there
was need of revision of the immigra
tion laws and that the deportation
laws should be strengthened.
Surveying the finances of the coun
try. Mr. Hoover more than intimated
the income tax reduction could not be
continued on 1930 Incomes. The esti
mated treasury deficit for the present
fiscal year Is about $180,000,000. and
he declared that "most rigid economy
Is necessary to avoid Increase in
NEXT day President Hoover sent
In his annual budget message, in
which he warned congress not to un
dertake any expnnslon of govern
mental expenditures other than those
required under the proposed unem
ployment and drought relief programs,
and said he regretted he could not
recommend a continuance of the In
come tax reduction. The budget he
submitted provides for total expendl
tures of (4,054,519,200 for the fiscal
year 1932, exclusive of postal expendl
tures paid from postal revenues, as
compared with estimated expendi
tures of (4.014,941,900 In the fiscal
year 1931 and actual expenditures of
(3.994,152.487 In the fiscal year 1930.
To the senate the President sub
mitted the World court protocols, as
he had promised, together with a mes
sage urging American ratification.
There were Indications that the ques
tion would not reach final settlement
Nominations sent to the senate In
cluded the name of William N. Doak
of Virginia to be secretary of labor
In place of James J. Davis; George
Otis Smith and Frank R. McNInch
as members of the power commission,
and a long list of recess nominations
made during the summer.
Senator Nye, chairman of the cam
paign fund Investigation committee,
believed he had uncovered large un
reported expenditures In behali of the
Davis-Brown ticket In Pennsylvania,
so he as'.:ed the senate to defer the
sweating In of Jim Davis as senator.
This would have meant that Joe Grun
dy would continue to occupy the sea*,
and many senators don't like him. so
they voted 58 to 27 to seat Davis. On
Wednesday both Davis and Dwight
W. Morrow took the oath, and the sen
ate was then complete, with 53 Repub
licans. 42 Democrats and 1 Fariuer
IN HIS message on the state of the
* Union the President said nothing
about prohibition, but in the budget
message he made it clear the admin
istration intended to continue Us policy
of vigorous enforcement of the dry
laws. He recommended an increase
of more than three million dollars In
the funds allotted to the prohibition
and industrial alcohol bureaus.
This was highly pleasing to the dry
members of congress, but It only
stirred the wets to more energetic
plans for attack on prohibition. Th?se
latter decided to try to knock out the
bureau of prohibition increase, which
Director Woodcock intends to use in
employing about five hundred new en
forcement agent8. The wet lender*
also resolved to make a fight on al
cohol poisoning and for a vote on a
beer modification bill. Senator Ding
ham and Representative Goss, both of
Connecticut, already had Introduced 4
per cent beer and medicinal liquor
CKNATOR TASKER L. ODDIK of
Nevada has introduced a bill that
j\'ill have considerable support In con
gress, even if It does not pass. It Is
designed to bar the entrance of prod
ucts from Soviet Russia Into the
United States, especially lumber, pulp
wood, wood pulp, matches, glue. coal,
manganese ore, etc.. which have al
legedly been dumped Into this country
at prices below the cost of production
Overproduction is the chief
throat against American agricul
ture today, and If the farmers would
avoid ruin they must all unite to curb
It. So declared Secretary of Agricul
ture Hyde In his yearly report. He
"I want to emphasize the need for
equitable; Intelligent, systematic and
collective action to bring ant ply Into
better relationship with demnnd."
Citing the particular overabundance
of wheat, the agriculture secretary
said producers of that grain could ex
pect federal help only If they made a
practical approach to the task of com
bining to adjust output to needs.
Lower farm Incomes from the pro
duction of 1030 as compared with the
previous year were predicted hy the
cabinet officer. He estimated the
aggregate gross Income from 1930
crops at about $0,950,000,000. or a!>out
10 per cent less than In 1020. He at
tributed the current slump In agricul
tural prices to continued overproduc
tion and "the worldwide business de
pression," resulting In lessened de
Estimates put out hy the Aascri
can Federation of Labor set the
number of American laboring men out
of work In November at 4.860,000
President William Green predicted
that at the present rate of Increase
the Jobless would number 7,000,000 by
February. Neither figure covered
office workers or farm laborers oot of
It was announced In New York that
John d. Rockefeller and John d.
Rockefeller, Jr.. had made a Joint con
tribution of $1,000,000 to the local
emergency employment committee's
fund for the unemployed. This was
a handsome gift, but not anywhere
near ao large, proportionately, as the
contribution of any one of many thou
sands of citizens to the same cause.
it JIMMY,** a little black Aberdeen
Angus bred by J. I*. MeKenny of
King City. Mo., was declared the grand
champion steer at the International
Live Stock show In Chicago, lie was
sold at auction, bringing only $2.!VJ a
pound. Herman Trelle, bringing a
sample of hard red spring wheat which
he grew at Wembley, Alberta. 1.2nd
miles north of Chicago, was crowned
wheat champion; and Herbert C. Wat
son of Tipton, Ind., won the national
corn championship. Purdue, the Uni
versity of Illinois and Iowa State col
lege took most of the hlue ribbons for
sheep and swine. Collynle Clipper
Star, a Shorthorn bull owned by F. .
W. Huhhell of I>es Moines which has
been winning first prizes all Ids life,
took the senior and grand champion
ribbons In its class. Fourteen hun
dred Iwiya and girls of the 4-H club
were guests of the exposition and spe
cial awards were given 4.T2 of lhem
for their agricultural achievements. A
team from Oklahoma A. ami M. col
lege won the trophy for the best live
stock judging, outscorlng twenty-two
other college teams. The Intercol
legiate meat Judging contest was won
by a team of students from the Uni
versity of Missouri, individual honors
In this event went to Miss Eva Buel of
GERMANY has caused uneasiness
throughout Europe bv a protest
to the League of Nations over the al- ,
leged terrorism against Gefman minor
ities In Polish Silesia. The nccusa- J
tions made by Foreign Minister Cur
tius are serious and it is evident the
German government Intends o force
an examination of the matter by the
League's council during the mee'lng j
which opens January 19. The sltua- j
tion Is made more grave by France's |
attitude. Inasmuch as the Paris gov- j
ernment Is pledged to defend the In- I
tegrity of Poland with the same do- j
termination as the Rhine, and military ,
action between Germany and Poland j
Ipso facto would draw French armed |
intervention against Germany.
PREMIER TARDIEU of France, who !
had resisted the attacks of his op- j
ponents for months, finally was do- ,
feated Thursday when the senate '
passed a vote of non-confidence. 147 !
to 139. Of course Tardleu and his
cabinet resigned, and the result was
described as the most serious govern
mental crisis In many years. One of
the chief factors In the downfall of
Tardleu was the fact that several
members of his cabinet were Involved
In a huge financial scandal, the failure
of Alfred Oustrlc. He also was ac
cused of trying to make himself a
MISSING for several days and
given up for lost after she
started a flight from Havana to Miami,
Mrs. J. M. Keith-Miller of Australia
turned p safe and sound on one of
the Andros Islands of the Bahama
group. She had been driven far out of
her course by a gale and made a
forced landing on the Islet when her
gas gave out. A fishing boat took her
to Nassau. She planned to return for
her plane and fly It to Miami.
ONE definite decision has been inade
by the Indian round table confer
ence In London. It Is that Burma Is
to be separated from India and set up
as a dominion of the British empire at
the earliest possible date. Burma has
a population of about 13,230,000. Its
capital Is Rangoon.
MRS. MARY JONES, known as
Mother Jones, who had been the
militant friend and advocate of the
laboring man, died near Washington,
after an Illness of more than a year.
She was 100 years old last May,
(g by Wester* Newspaper Us Ion )
MARY- GRAHAM BONNER
? amom n ?oimn wwiwi umoh ?
They were very small but were all
coming up In a box In the schoolroom,
_ _ and they were
KL ? The geranium
BgHjflt yiZ'/Z plant was fully
EftflP s grown but the on
?mjjUjff v Ions and lettuce
Muicv ^ rfcjr'ta were only begin
nra c jSl t0 8ay s?mettilnK'"
8a,<* "le 'ettuce t0
get too dlscour
aged to finish,"
said the onion
-^^Jrgi3?S21| speaker. "We all
i iTfliUMtffflll feet that way at
The Geranium "Uf8'
piant> "Why?" persist
ed the lettuce.
"For you It Is different, little let
tuce Ienves," said the onion.
"You are a salad when you grow
up. You are considered a luxury and
"Don't people enjoy eating you?"
asked the lettuce.
"Y'es," said the onion, "they often
enjoy eating us. But they won't give
us any praise for It.
"They eat us when they're off by
themselves as If they were a little
ashamed of eating us.
"I have often heard folks say," con
tinued the onion:
" 'Oh, I am ashamed to admit It, but
I do like fried onions.'
"Then another will say:
" 'Just Imagine, little Henry likes to
eat raw onions when they are small.'
"Oh, things like that cut us so," said
the onion. "We like to be eaten. All
vegetables do, but we would like to
"If you weren't appreciated and
liked," said the lettuce politely, "you
wouldn't be planted and grown.
"They use you all the time?to sea
son food, to make things have a nice
taste and flavor."
"Ah," said the onion, which was do
ing the talking for the family, "that
"But listen to what they always say.
They explain that they like to put a
little onion In the soup?not so the
soup will taste of onion?oh mercy,
no?but Just to give it a little flavor.
"That Is what we do. We flavor
many a dish, but de don't get the
" 'Onions are so
"No, tliey will
even talk liarshly
of our nice onion
perfume. It hurts
us sadly at times."
"Don't you think
they like onion per
fume?" asked the
"We're sure they
don't," said the
"Well," said the
lettuce, "you're far
more useful than
the geranium plant
here in the school
"To b? sure It gives beauty and
that's very, very Important, but you
can be eaten, and you are eaten, and
you are needed most o( the time."
The onions felt quite cheered up.
The lettuce was a kindly family?
always so cheerful and willing and
Rainy Day Cams
This Is a good game to play on
rainy daya for two boys. Get a pen
cil and paper. First one of you write
the name of some one you know, eor
er It up and right under It the other
person writes the name of some one
else, covers It up, and In turn you
write what they do, where they do It
why they do It, and when they do It.
The object of this game Is not to
let each other know what you write,
t'ndouble this paper and read what
la written on It It la often very
At It Again
Hilly asked his mother what caused
1 the fog and she told him it was made
by the mist fairies. One day he en
tered a room In which his father had
been smoking and ran In great baste
to his mother.
"Hey, mother!" he shouted excited
ly. "Those doggone mist fairies bare
been at It again!"
Tho of Jh?
?y ELMO 8COTT WAT80N
?- ? HEN you buy a big sheet of
Christmas seals, does it ever
occur to you that there's an
Interesting story back of the
addition of these little "scra|>s
of paper" to the list of sym
bols of Christmas time? And
do the names of Eluar Hoi
boell and Emily 1'. Blssell
come to your mind when you stick one
of these gayly-colored little stamps on
a Christmas package and send It away
to carry its message of Yuletlde cheer
as weU as the message that you are
thus helping In a great humanitarian
work? If not, they should, for It Is
to a Danish postal clerk and an Amer
ican lied Cross worker that we owe
the Idea and development of the
Back in 1003 a man named Elnar
Holboell, a postal clerk In the i>ost of
fice at Copenhagen, Denmark, was
busy In the division of outgoing mail.
It was Christmas week and he was
literally burled In cards and letters.
For a moment he paused in serious
thought; then his face brightened.
?These Christmas cards nnd letters
should have an additional stump?a
benevolent stamp or seul ut a small
price within the reach of all. Why
not call It a Christmas stamp?
"Even a 'two ore' (about one-fourth of
a cent) stamp on all these cards and
letters would create a mighty sum If
the plan could only be realized. Christ
mas Is a time of generosity and good
will, when we send a kindly thought
even to those whom we neglect the
whole year through. Tw o ore each on
every greeting would mean a sum to
be reckoned with?well then, to the
lie went with his plan to the head of
the postal service and others with In
fluence and authority. And so, when
the first Christmas seal committee w as
funned, Including, among others, six
representatives from the postal de
partment, the Interest of the postal
employees was Insurer! from the start.
In 1WH the committee met to dis
cuss the pun>ose and use of the pos
sible Income from the Christmas seal,
and It was decided that the first ob
ject was the erection of a hospital for
tubercular children, and. In general,
the Income from the seal should al
ways be for the fight against tuber
culosis, In one form or another.
Upon application to the then King
Christian IX, Holboell secured the per
mission to have a likeness of the de
ceased Queen Louise on the first
Christmas seal, and the king became
so Interested that be himself selected
the picture which he wished used.
Naturally, Mr. Holboell and his com
mittee felt some anxiety over the out
come of their first venture?an anx
iety which proved to be without
foundation. The success was over
whelming. The first printing of 2.000,
000 was immediately Increased to
0,000,000 and over 5,000.000 were sold.
Since that time a capital of 3,000,
000 kronen has been realized, which
has been used for the erection of large
number of sanltarlas and convalescent
bomes for tubercular patients. Hol
boell, the modest postal assistant, be
came postmaster at Cbarlotten Zund.
near Copenhagen, and a Danish cross
of knighthood was his badge of honor.
He died of heart trouhJe in his sixty
second year on February 23, 1327, and,
as was fitting, the Danish Christinas
seal for 1327 bore the picture of Dinar
Holboell, whose Idea has spread over
tiie entire world.
The story of how Miss Emily 1\ His
sell's name came to be associated with
the Christinas seal was told in an ar
ticle by Leigh Mitchell Hodges which
appeared in The Survey last year and
which has been reproduced in pam
phlet form by the National Tuberculo
sis association. His story of "The
First Christmas Seal" follows:
December, 1907?the World war
seven years ahead, but a deadlier
war at flood?tuberculosis taking
one-tenth of nil who died from dis
ease?folks everywhere wondering
what could be done to stem the tide.
Noontime, December 9, 1907, In
Wilmington, capital of little Dela
ware, two pretty girls in Ked Cross
uniforms taking their place at a
table in the post otlice corridor, ask
ing a quarter each for little pay en
velopes thus labeled:
23 < HltlftTMAS STAMPS
One Penny Apiece
Issued by the Delaware Red Cross,
to stamp out the White Plague.
Put this stamp with message bright
On every Christmas letter.
Help the tuberculosis fight.
And make the New Year better.
Those itamps do not carry any
kind of mall, hut any kind of mall
will carry them.
Mld-mornlng, December 11. 1907,
eighteenth floor of the North Amer
ican building Id Philadelphia, a day
member of the staff in his cubby
hole. "A lady to see you," passing a
card engraved "Miss Emily P. Bis
sell." "Is she good looking?"
"Sure." "Show her In."
Enter the secretary of the Dela
ware Bed Cross on unofficial busi
ness. She had come to nsk a favor
of the editor. She wanted him to
run a little story about this, taking
a sheet of stamps from her hand
bag. Delaware was worried about
tuberculosis, needed a few hundred
dollars to start caring for poor pa
tients. She had read Jacob litis'
story about the Danish Christmas
Stamp In the Outlook, wondered If
Delaware couldn't Issue one and sell
enough to build a small shelter?
here It was, but she was afraid?.
Downstairs went the occupant of
the cubby-hole, two steps at a time,
to the office of E. A. Van Valken
burg, president and editor of the
paper that had been first to dis
please the doctors by proposing pub
licity as the weapoD to use against
the white plague.
"Here's the way to wipe out tuber
culosis," half shouted the man from
upstairs, as he waved the sheet of
stumps under the editor's nose!
"What the hell do you mean?"
A brief explanation. "Tell Miss
Rlssell the North American Is hers
"How soon can we have 50,000 of
the stamps?" was asked of the lady
from Delawase. She gus|>ed and
said she'd telephone from Wilming
ton that evening.
Ten o'cloek the morning of De
ceinlier 13, 1907, a few thousand of
the stamps, they were so-called at
first, on sale In the publication office
and a few more at a booth tn Wana
inaker's. Also a !op-of column five
bank head on page one of the North
Next day a seven-column "spread"
on page one, and on December 18,
with the stamps selling fast.
The presses la Wilmington couldn't
print them fast enough, so a Phila
delphia printer was enlisted. Through
Its Washington corresiondent. the
newspaper got the postmaster gen
eral's permission to put up a booth
in the Philadelphia post office lobby.
Front Jaclb Itiis. on Decemlter 19:
"Good for you and for Philadelphia
and the North American. Keep It
up. 1 am glad the little seed I
sowed In the Outlook last summer
has borne fruit."
Five days before Christmas the
governor of Pennsylvania and the
Pennsylvania branch of the Natlon
nt Hed Cross Indorsed tlie stamp.
Four days before Christmas an edi
torial urged that "A Million Mercy
Messengers" be bought by the peo
ple. Two days before Christmas
"llnppy New Year" was added to
the stamp design.
Then a flight of signet) indorse
ments front Washington. President
Roosevelt, Secretary of State Root.
Secretary of War Taft.
Meantime, the Nallonul Red
Croaa stopped, looked am) listened,
at an annual meeting, to Miss Bia
sed and the cubhy-hole man, and
decided to get behind the stamp.
On November 12, 1908, tbe first
gun In the second campaign was
fired by the North American, a page
one promise to sell 1.000.000 of tbe
1008 stamps, and one month later
to the dny It ordered Its fourth mil
Every day from November 12 to
January 1, the Red Cross Christmas
Stamp was a matter of first-page
moment, and many a day it was
given precedence over all other
news In the North American.
"It Is splendid," said President
Taft at (lie meeting of tbe Red
Cross In Washington. December 8.
Two days later tbe first page of the
North American came oat with a
border of the stamps In red and ?
tbree-column facsimile likewise col
ored. Other newspapers In many
parts of the land were Joining the
procession. When the curtain was
rung down on this set tn Jannary,
the net result of tbe stamp sole
throughout the nation was $133,000.
"I never could have believed It,"
said Miss Blssell.
Annual sales of Christmas seals
amounted to $53,000,000 to dale,
from this source alone. Yet tbe
money is the least part of It The
message Is what has counted most.
Between thein, the death rate from
tuberculosis has been cut In half.
And It Is stIU going down. Its fate
(? by Wwtern Nvwipwpar L'olow.)