The Alamance gleaner
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY DECEMBER 25, 1930. . NO. 47.
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
Eighteenth Amendment Held Invalid?Congress Wrangles
Over Relief Measures?Revolt of Spanish
Republicans Ruthlessly Crushed.
^ By EDWARD W. PICKARD
DECAUSE it was
adopted by legis
latures, but without
action by constitution
al conventions in the
states, the Eighteenth
amendment is Invalid,
according to an opin
ion of Federal Judge
William Clark of New
Jersey. He ruled that
only by constitutional
conventions and not
by state legislatures
can such amendments which transfer
to the United States powers hereto
fore reserved to the peoples, be rati
Validity of the manner In which the
prohibition amendment was adopted
was tested before Jndge Clark by a
group of attorneys?all members of
the New York County Lawyers asso
ciation?after a study of two years.
The group represented William
Sprague, a township clerk In New Jer
sey, who had been Indicted for trans
porting beer. By the decision the In
dictment was quashed. The Jurist de
clared the question he was deciding
had never been presented to any court
and said he was not bound by any ear
lier or higher authority.
Judge Clark's decision created wide
Interest, though all except perhaps
the most Inveterate wets believed It
would In the end amount to' nothing.
Atty. Gen. William D. Mitchell In
structed United States Attorney Philip
Forman of New Jersey to take an Im
mediate appeal to the United States
Supreme court. At the same time Mr.
Mitchell and Prohibition Director
Amos W. Woodcock notified their sub
ordinates and the public that pending
the appeal prosecutions under the Vol
stead and Jones laws will continue
without Interruption In New Jersey
and throughout the country.
Study of Supreme court decisions
disclosed that on June 1, llfJO, the
tribunal handed down a unanimous
decision sustaining the authority of
congress to determine whether pro
posed constitutional amendments shall
be submitted to state legislatures or
conventions. However, the complexion
of the court has changed since then.
The new members who will pass on
the Clark decision are Chief Justice
Hughes and Justices Sutherland. But
ler, Stone and Roberta
held up Id both house
?nd senate while the
members of congress
wrangled and debat
ed. Tlie Democratic
r and radical Republi
can senators were
stubbornly opposed to
the provision In the
fund hill which would
permit the President
10 rrunnier IUIHIR Irnm one class 01
projects to another. They finally
yielded. Senator McKellar of Tennes
see made another bitter attack on Mr.
Hoover In the course of which he as
serted the President had never finally
accounted for the one hundred million
dollars which he administered for Eu
ropean relief In 1919. Sentaor Otis F.
Glenn of Illinois and others warmly
defended Mr. Hoover and scathingly
8enntor I.aFollette of Wisconsin
put through without opposition a res
olution calling for the appearance be
fore the appropriations committee of
Col. Arthur Woods, chairman of the
President's employment committee;
John Barton Payne, head of the Red
Cross and others, to tell the facts con
cerning unemployment. The President
had previously refused to transmit to
the senate any reports to him from
Colonel Woods, declaring he had re
ceived only notes and verbal sugges
tions that were confidential.
PROCEEDINGS in '
the senate were
cut short Wednesday
by the sudden an
nouncement of the
death of Senator
Frank L. Greene of
Vermont at a hospital
In St. Albans follow
ing an operation for
Greene had been part
ly paralysed since
1024 when be was
?truck by ft stray bullet flre<J in n irun
light between bootleggers and prohibi
tlon agents In Washington. He was
slity years of uge. In his earlier
years he was an editor, and he served
through the Spunlsh-Ainerlcan war,
after which he was In the regular
Cameron Morrison, former governor
of North Carolina, was sworn In as
senator from that state to (111 out the
term of the late Senator Lee Overman.
HOOVEIt'S drought relief measure
was the subject of hot debate In
the house, the chief point at Issue be
ing the amount of the appropriation.
One side wanted this to be $60,000,000
with provisions for food for the farm
ers, and the other Insisted It should
be only $30,000,000 and that the aid
should be limited to crop production.
At last a compromise was reached,
the sum appropriated being $45,000,
000 and the wording being snch that
Secretary Hyde can. In emergency
cases, make loans from It for food. In
this form the bill was passed by the
house and went to the senate, where
there was little opposition to It. It
suited the administration.
IMMEDIATE cash |
payment of adjust
ed service certificates
Is not asked by the
of the American Le
gion, but the organi
zation will try to get
reduction of the In
terest rate of 4 per
cent on adjusted com
pensation loans and
full payments to per
manently and totnllj
aisahlea veterans and to dependents
of deceased veterans.
Most Important among the measures
hacked by the legion at this session
Is a veterans' hospitalization hill
sponsored by Representative Edith
Rogers, authorizing an appropriation
of '$52,000,000 to provide 13,200 heds
and committing the government to a
policy of providing hospitalization for
all veterans, whether their cases are
service connected or not.
MEMBERS of congress represent
ing ten of the central states called
on President Hoover to solicit his aid
In n drive to obtain the elimination of
restrictions against the use of corn
sugar In various products, thereby
opening a market for perhaps 30,000,
000 bushels of corn HnnualJy. The
Amtrtcait Farm bureau Is co-operat
ing with the group of congressmen.
WITH remarkable speed the house
passed s bill granting $150,000,
000 additional to the farm hoard so
that It can continue Its loans to grain
and cotton stabilization corporations.
Chairman I.egge of the farm board
told the house committee on appropri
ations that more drastic control of the
national grain exchanges would be
necessary before the board can oper
ate to the complete benefit of the
farmers. He urged an amendment of
present laws to that effect
tions In the Unit
ed States are Improv
ing, and the resource
and enterprise of
business men with
faith In the future
have kept many In
dustries on an even
keel and maintained
employment In the
face of a general re
cession, according to
the monthly report of
J. H. BartiM
me I'resiaeru ? nusiness survey con
ference. Evidence that Industries with
courageous managers In charge have
forged ahead and successfully bal
anced production and market con
sumption was cited by Jollus fl.
Barnes, chairman of the conference,
as one of the moat favorable Indica
tions In the present business situa
tion. Mr. Barnes also saw "definite
signs of Improvement" Is a number
of foreign countries.
BY THE close vote of ten to nine the
senate foreign relations committee
decided to postpone consideration of
the World court protocols until the
flrst Wednesday of the regular session
of congress In December, 1931. Senate
leaders believed this would serve to
avoid complications that might hare
made necessary a special session of
congress In the spring, though In
Washington It was regarded as still a
possibility that President Hoover
might rail a special acsaton of the
aenate to consider the World court
laaue Immediate); nfter the March 4
PrtESIDENT HOOVEIIS appointment
of Eugene Meyer ua governor of
the federal reserve board wue attacked
by Ilepreaentatlve Loula T. McFudden
of Pennsylvania. chairman of the
house committee on banking and cur
rency, ana me senate was urged to
reject It. The appointment of Meyer,
said the congressman, means control
of the federal reserve system by In
O KAIt Admiral Mark L. Bristol,
^ chairman of the executive com
mittee of the navy general honrd, ap
pearing before the house nnvnl affairs
committee to testify, regarding the
merits of the $88,000,000 cruiser, sub
marine and aircraft authorisation bill,
stated frankly that he would not fa
vor building any six-incli gun cruisers
at tilts time If treaty limitations did
not restrict this country to building
THEODORE STEKG formed a new
ministry of France, composed of
"leftists," and with a program of good
will and non-controversy. It was be
lieved In Paris that the parties of the
right and center would speedily bring
about the downfall of this cabinet.
SPAIN'S latest re
has ended In failure,
according to the ofll
cial reports from that
country, but Alfonso's
crowned hend doesn't
lie easy by any means.
Strikes and riotous
tinue in many parts
of the country, and
have not given up
hopes of upsetting the throne. The
revolutionary movement was well j
planned and, according to its leaders,
was to have been bloodless; hut a too
eager army officer ut Jaca, near the
north border, started things premn
j turely and the government was thus
apprised of what was going on. Regu
j lar troops and civil guards qulckly
and ruthlessly suppressed the rebels
i in the north and their chiefs were
killed or arrested. MaJ. Ramon Fran
co, the transatlantic aviator, who had
recently escaped from Jail, tried to
stage a revolt of the nlr force, but
was forced to flee in his plane to
Portugal, where he was Joined later
by some of his companions.
Premier Berenguer, overcome by
the strain, was confined to his home
by illness, but King Alfonso, after the
worst seemed to be over, appeared in
public in Madrid with but a skeleton
guard, smiling as usual and exhibiting
his customary disregard for personal
PROF. Albert Ein
stein, the eminent
cian, after being
as only New York city
can or will do It, has
sailed via the Panama
canal route for south
ern California, where
he Is to visit other
noted scientists and
make contact with educational Instl
tutlong. While In the eastern metrop
olis Einstein made a speech decidedly
pacifist In Its suggestions, even going
so far as to urge that men of military
ago should refuse to fight as a means
of preventing war. This brought from
Dr. A. D. Houghton of I-os Angeles,
one of the founders of the Amerlrnn
I-eglon, the proposition that Doctor
Einstein should be barred front land
ing In California by the federal au
thorities there. He declnred the Ger
man physicist was a pacifist traveling
In the guise of a mathematician.
GUATEMALA offered a character
istic Incident. President Chacon
having fallen III, Baudlllo Palma took
over the presidency by a smart coup.
But this didn't suit the military and
there was a short and sharp revolt,
accompanied hy street fighting In
Guatemala City, the capital. Palma
and some of his followers took ref
uge In the German legation and a
military Junta headed by Gen. Manuel
Orellana was Installed as the govern
ment. The Junta Informed the diplo
matic corps that It Intended to return
the presidency to Chacon If he recov
ers his health.
SEVEN hops In several weeks. It la
hoped, will take from Italy to Itlo
de Janeiro. Brazil, the air artnada of
twelve planes that started Wednes
day from Orbetello, Italy. The first
lap took them to Cartagena. Spain.
The ambitious expedition Is under
the command of Gen. Italo Balho. air
minister of Italy. The longest hop
will he across the Atlantic from Portu
guese Gulann to Natal, Brazil. l,fltr>
IA X S SO. Western News paper galea I
% 4? N\X\LIE M'GRATII V
k^iM .ul.A A \5^ . . ? it t-B 11.mmJWf
I X ,?? HI? < < r
IL1TZEN had behaved very
Pwell until the first of Decem
ber. Then all of a sudden
he decided to go Into Santa's
workshop. The first terrible
thing he did was to lap the
J paint from a doll's face.
"?I Santa had put a great deal
of care Into making that doll
for she was to go to a little girl who
was 111 In the hospital.
Christmas eve came and all the rein
deer were harnessed and waiting for
"Have you all of your bags, dear?"
asked Mrs. Santa.
"Yes, we have everything and are
on our way to wish the world a very
Merry Christmas," answered Jolly old
"Hump," said Blltzen to himself,
"and bump again."
The red paint had had a bad effect
upon his disposition. Off they sped
and up, up, up they sailed through
the air. Blltzen was going along bean
tlfrlly when he suddenly wondered
what Vixen would do If he, Blltzen,
should bite his tall.
"Not very hard," thought Blltzen to
himself. "Just enough to make him
And as they hurried along that win
ter's night, Blltzen reached out his
funny warm nose and bit Vixen's tall
?hard. Vixen Jumped, then he kicked
Donder. who In turn kicked the sleigh,
upsetting It. Santa righted the sleigh
and again they set out.
The first house they came to was a
lovely old farm house. Santa and
the reindeer made a beautiful landing
on the roof.
"Now while 1 am gone see that you
behave I" said Santa and down the
chimney be went. As soon as he was
| out of sight, Blltzen started trouble
"ltum-dum dlddle-dum-dum I Sec
what 1 can do!" he snorted, and he
crossed his front legs, stamped his
hind ones and sat down kerplunk on
the roof. :
"Here, here," shonted Snnta, as no
rnme up the chimney. "What Is the
| meaning of all this noise? It sounded
like an earthquake. If you can't stand
?till I shall most certainly leave you
on the ground."
The next house had a slanting root
with a peak at the top and when
Santa had gone down the chimney
that mischievous Blltzen promptly sat
down again, and he had started to
slide and be couldn't get up quickly
enough to prevent sliding all the way
to the ground. Over the roof he went.
! dragging the sleigh and his seven
I brothers with him. Out of the chim
ney came Santa and leaned over the
peak of the roof to call them.
"I'm Just about tired of your non
sense tonlrfht 1" said be. "Now you
will stay on the ground."
And when In the country, tbey
stopped at another farm bouse; that Is
lust where Santa left them.
"Snllf-snllf, snllf-snlff I" A spicy
unell reached the nose of Blltzen.
Inch by tncb he moved over to the
i window and stuck his bead right In.
I lie proceeded to devour everything In
i sight. When he had finished he pushed
nack to the place Santa bad left tbem.
"Well, now, that's One," called
Santa In a cheery voice. "See how
j much better things are when you be
Now we all know that It Isn't the
best thing In the world to run after
we have eaten a great many sweets.
Blltzen soon learned this and began
feeling very III Indeed. But feeling
! Ill only made his disposition worse.
| In the distance he could see a city
and above this city he saw a tall
steeple. As tbey raced aloog near the
1 steeple Blltzen pushed his brother*
1 over so that when they passed they
were so close you could not have put
tour finger between the steeple and
"What llo." bellowed Sai.ta. "Do
vou want to upset the sleigh again,
.ou naughty deer?"
All over the world they went, not
skipping a place. Blltzen was very
I- I filff 1 > I , -?? , 1
tired and as he could think ol nothing
better to do he snorted nnd fussed ami
counted stars. At last Just ns Christ
mas morning dawned they found their
way home. Mrs. Santa came running
out to meet them, and to help Santa
unharness the reindeer.
"Blltzen cannot hove anything to
eat and he must go right Into the
barn," said Santa rather sadly. "And
I fear he cannot go with me next
And now Indeed was Blltzen a sad
der nnd a wiser reindeer.
Now, my dear children I know thot
yon all love Blltzen. When you
hear the deer on the roof Christmas
eve It Is Blltzen's hoofs you hear.
And when you hear the hells you can
always hear Blltzen's above the rest
Just becuuse he Is Blltzen. I
suppose, nnd likes to give an extra
stamp and an extra shake whenever
possible. He will be sadly missed
next Christmas eve unless?I have It I
I.et's nil write a note to Snnla and
nsk him to forgive poor mischievous
Blltzen before next Chrlstmns hns a
chance to come around. If all the chil
dren In all the world should write
I'm sure Santa would forgive him.
I(2V 1930. WMtern Newapapar Union.\
. a-nr: ?
I I HK package hearing a doll
dny label with the Inscrlp
1/ C\ I t'?n "'-ol? Smith, Argyle
Apia.," signed for and the
J expressman gone, I.0I1 ant
fSgSm down on the floor to tear off
the wrappings. Inside ahe
QyQ found a store of gayly
wrapped packages. The first
contained a knitted tic.
"K'evcn's sake I" she said, and
opened the accord one It contnlned
home-made candy. "Tl at," ahe t bought,
"Is more like It." The nest parcel
contnlned handkerchiefs with a netit
"I,. S." In the corner, only?they were
men's handkerchiefs. The other Item,
she could tell, was fruit cake and un
der It she found what she was looking
"Sly Dear Son Louis," It began.
"K'even's sake," said Lois, "Of course:
It's for Louis Smith,"
Now If all l-ols Smith and l-oula
Smith had had In common had been
their surname and their choice of sn
apartment house. It would hare been
relatively simple for t-ols to take the
box upstairs and explnln.
Hut they had ilso shared &1 full
moons and 4S other moons, some SO
odd shows, and several Sunday after
noons In the park. They had shared
secrets and ten In Lois' apartment; a
promise, several kisses, and one quar
rel. So now they were mutually mis
erable, sharing a pride that forbade at
Lois put the things back In the box,
Jiggled the candy to hide that three
pieces were gone, and retted the tinsel
bows. Then she carried It upstairs
to Louis Smith's apartment, knocked
and ran back down, where she locked
her door and flung herself across bcr
bed to cry.
A knock at the door roused ber.
She opened It to a handsome young
man. "Lois, darling!" he cried.
"It wns so wonderful of you?"
"Oh, don't pretend. I was Just com
ing In and saw you running down
And then of course, I found the candy
"Hut didn't you And the letter?"
"What letter?" He stooped down
"Is this itr
She nodded. "I must have dropped It '
"Oh," he said. "My mistake. Sorry."
She watched him go and then ran
after him. "It Isn't your mistake,
l-oul*. I've made some randy, and?
1?knitted you a tie long ago."
<*> tin WMf?m tfvwmsnvr (Taloa-t
By WM. L. GASTON
BBSjBHERE I am. old world! The nineteen hundred and thirty-one youngster
00 58 M you have been expecting. I air fust f.tan the Ibnbo of things to ootne.
I have brought you a iplendtd ransom. In this bag I have twelve
WwlM caskets of jewels. They are aD yours?birth Nones, bctnghig Dm
gifts for the world.
JANUARY, the first casket; garnets of power, great drifts of snow, spaihlhig
fields of frost and Ice. Cold mornings. Cold stars studding the skys of night.
CEBRUARY brings amethysts of love with something of hate. A thaweig tfena
r and a freezing time?a clash of warmth and cold. Last hard struggle of winter.
MARCH is red with bloodstones. They loosen the wld winds and blustering
storms. The earth grows nervous with the pain of comaig life.
APRIL?fine casket of diamonds. They bring purity. They bring sunslhue and
> rain. The first born life lies on the breast of mother earth.
MAY has green emeralds and the wild flowers. Color everywhere. Sow the
fields and expect the harvest
TUNE has brought pearls ?pearls of health. Full blossomed rosea are here, and
J brides stand at the altar?a splendid suggestion of garden and home.
IULY brings rubies for happiness and with them reddens apples and ripens the
J grain. It brings the warmth of full summer and the days of the year's dedtoa.
AUGUST opens a casket of sardonyx, the full rouno of happiness. It brhigs
> maturity. Beat out the gratn. Market the fruit Eat. drtnk and be merry
SEPTEMBER flashes sapphires, tokens of constancy. It brings purple vhieyards
and treads the wine press. Here flows happiness for the earth.
OCTOBER and opals. FIB storehouses with plenty for the whiter. Gather the
last of the crops. Here are robes of crimson and gold for the landsrape
The first blight of death is the brightest flush of beauty.
XJOVEMBER lays a topaz on the altar, and with the first wand of whiter strfltaa
I' the leaves from the trees and the truth of things stands out stark and naked.
DECEMBER carries the turquoise of counted prosperity?the prosperity of the
year. More white robes for the aged year?robes of hoar frost and snow.
From here flows a sullen stream into the past. And here on Its heaveiess breast
1 launch my barque and pass away on Its tides.
<?. 1930. Western Newspaper Union.)
I The Old I
Florence Harris Wells
r. . \Q CltOWD to watch the old
year out and spring some
I I surprise 011, 1 suppose, now
Lmm that we live In the country."
Ned Hnllldny was polishing
Ids skis which had heen his
3)l</nV steady companion since his
'' ^ return to college.
"Mother Is concocting something,
don't worry," Itoth, his sister, an
swered, as she finished the wuxing of
her own skis. "Are you getting tired
of the outdoor sports we were looking
forward to so keenly? I'm not, If you
"No, I'm not, either. Hut ever since
1 con remember I've looked forward to
company Near Year's eve, and the sur
prise stunt ushering out the old and
welcoming the New Year."
"Well, ease your mind. The whole
countryside has been invited. Moth
er's Ingenuity may he sorely tuxed
hut she has never failed yet, and she
won't this time."
The piano, phonograph and radio
furnished the music for the -various
dances and gumes. All was gnyety,
song and laughter as the midnight
hour approached. Suddenly they were
In total darkness. Above the laughter
?nd ejaculations a sepulchral voice
"Behold the light of your forefa
thers!** and borne through the great
rooms by a decrepit old man, dimly
flickered a light j
"Till* passes!" the voice announced.
Now through the rooms a procession
of pioneers marched hearing genuine
old-fashioned tallow dips.
The voire spoke again. . This time
"This, too, shall pass!"
At the corners of each room kero
sene lamps were lighted and hanging
lamps hitherto unnoticed.
Over the radio catne the ringing of
hells and blowing of whistles and
again the rooms were ablaze with
light; for the old had passed. The
New Tear was born I
(?. ItSO. Western Newspaper UDloa t
NEW YEAR'S BRINGS GLAD
iiVJO CHANCE for me getting to the
^ ' New Year's eve masquerade to
night," Sadie Turner addressed her
typewriter, as she closed It Into her
desk. "I've been In this little town
more than a week, but nobody knows
me. Got to work tomorrow, too."
Just then Alice, the manager's
daughter, blew in:
"You're Sadie, aren't you? Dad
says he's sure you're a good s|>ort.
I'm in a tlx. Bob. the son of the
president of this company, drove In
this uftcrnoon all set to go to the
party, but the girls are all taken. I've
got a Spanish costume I had planned
to wear but Chuck Itoe and I are go
ing as clowns. Won't you take It und
go with us?"
Would she I Of course she would.
What a Toreador Bob made! Alto
gether It was a wonderful nlglu full
of surprises. Alice and Chuck won
first prize. To their amazement Bob
and Sadie got second. Best of all. Bob
told her his father had ordered the
office closed for New Year's and would
she ride with him?
Would she! It looked like a very
bright New Year to Sadie.?Florence
IB. IKS. Wastsra Nswspapsr Sakal