The Alamance Gleaner
" VOL. LXI ~ ?== ^
. i GRAHAM, IN, C., THURSDAY DECEMBER 19, 1935. , NO. 46.
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
President's Defense of AAA and Canadian Treaty?Italy
Offered Peace Plan at Ethiopia's Expense?Naval
Conference Seems Hopeless.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
? Western Newspaper Union.
While tne United States Supreme
court was hearing oral arguments
In the Hoosac Mills case In which the
constitutionality of the whole Agrlcul
tural Adjustment act
was attacked and de
Rooserelt was In Chi
cago seeking to Justify
the entire New Deal
farm program. He ad
dressed the American
Farm Bureau federa
tion In the Interna
tional Amphitheater at
the stock yards and
was heard and en
ed by some 25,000
farmers and as many others as could
get Into the theater and adjoining
wings supplied with loud speakers.
The farm program, the President
said, aimed to "stop the rule of tooth
and claw that threw farmers Into bank
ruptcy or turned them into serfs." As
evidence that It Is succeeding, he as
serted that farm income "has Increased
nearly $3,000,000,000 In the past two
and a half years."
Necessarily Mr. Roosevelt defended
the new Canadian trade treaty because
only two days before that pact had
been bitterly attacked by his late trade
adviser, George N. Peek.
"Just as I am confident," said the
President, "that the great masses of
city people are fair-minded, so I am
sure that the great majority of Ameri
can farmers will be fair In their judg
ment of the new treaty.
"If the calamity howlers should
happen to be right, you have every as
surance that Canada and the United
States will join In correcting Inequali
ties, but I do not believe for a single
moment that the calamity howlers are
"We export more agricultural prod
ucts to Canada than we have Imported
"We shall continue to do so, for the
very simple reason that the United
States, with Its larger area of agricul
tural land, Its more varied climate and
Its vastly greater population, produces
far more of most agricultural products,
including animal products, vegetables
and fruit, than does Canada.
"In the case of the few reductions
that have been made, quota limitations
are set on the amount that may be
brought In at the lower rates."
In his analysis of the Canadian
agreement, Peek showed that 84 per
cent of the tariff concessions which
the New Dealers granted to Canada
were on agricultural and forestry prod
ucts. He also showed that the articles
on which the New Dealers granted tar
iff reductions amounted to 308 million
dollars in 192P. whereas Canada In re
turn had granted concessions on arti
cles valued at only 245 million dollars.
After completing his speech and eat
ing luncheon with a lot of local nota
bles, the President went to South Bend,
Ind, where he received an honorary
degree from Notre Dame university
and delivered another address.
DEFORE the American Farm Bureau
federation closed Its convention In
Chicago, It adopted a resolation en
dorsing reciprocal trade treaties. To
avoid dissension, the resolution did not
mention specifically the recent trade
agreement between Canada and the
United States, which lowered the duty
on many farm products coming In over
the northern border.
Another of the 17 resolutions adopt
ed at tbp meeting concerned "federal
fiscal policies." Indicating their un
easiness over the mounting federal
deficit, the farmers recommended that
the fiscal policies of the government
be modified, and that "its revenues
shall be increased, and that its expen
ditures shall be decreased, to the end
that within the next few years a bal
ance shall be attained."
The federation also approved a res
olution pledging itself to defend the
Agricultural Adjustment administra
tion act The meeting offered no seri
ous criticism of the act but asked
that its administration be simplified.
The delegates, representing a paid |
np membership of 3UO.OOO farmers in
37 states, re-elected Edward A. O'Xeal ;
of Alabama as president of the federa
tion for a term of two years.
ITALY Is being punished for starting
^ the war against Ethiopia, and will
he well paid for stopping it That In a
nutshell Is the status at this writing.
Great Britain and France reached an
agreement aa to the offer to be made
to Mussolini before the imposition of
an oil embargo, set for December 12.
This plan for peace, drawn np by Brit
lsh Foreign Secretary Sir Samuel
Hoare and Premie: Laval, was based
on the proposal that Italy should re
tain part of the territory already con
quered in Ethiopia, chiefly in north
western TIgre province, Including
Adowa but not the sacred city of Ak
sum, and that the Italian Somaliland
border should be rectified. In return,
Ethiopia would be given a seaport,
either fn Eritrea or in British or
French territory. Thus poor Ethiopia,
already declared by the League of Na
tions to be a victim of Italian rapacity,
would be still further victimized with
the consent of the two great powers
that dominate the league. Presumably,
If Emperor Halle Selassie refuses the
terms and decides to continue his
fight for the territorial Inviolability
guaranteed by the league covenant, he
will be abandoned to his fate.
Dispatches from Dessye, Ethiopia,
said the emperor rejected the Franco
British plan, asserting:
"The Ethiopian government cites Its
previous declarations, notably that of
October 8, to show that Ethiopia never
wished and does not wish war. But
today we are bound to defend our soil,
which Italy has violated.
"Ethiopia agreed at the time of the
Paris conference and the meeting of
the League of Nations committee of
five to all concessions comparable to
Its dignity, to avoid Italian aggression,
but that aggression has been commit
ted. We cannot submit to force which
we never provoked, because that would
be rewarding violence."
Since Mussolini showed a disposi
tion to consider the proposals, the oil
embargo was postponed to permit ne
gotiations. If he rejects the plan the
embargo would go Into effect later.
PROBABLY with slight hope of ac
complishing anything worth while,
representatives of the United States,
Great Britain, France and Japan met
In London and opened
the International naval
conference. Italy also
was represented, but
only as an observer
and listener. Prime
Minister Stanley Bald
win welcomed the dele
gates In a smooth ad
dress asking the chief
sea powers to lessen
some of their demands
to "avert the calamity
of unrestricted naval
Norman H. Davis offered President
Roosevelt's suggestion of a 20 per cent
reduction In existing naval treaty ton
nage, or, falling that, a continuance
of present fleet limitations.
Then arose Admiral Osaml Nagano,
chief of the Japanese delegation, and
told the conference that Japan de
manded parity with Great Britain and
the United States instead of the exist
ing 5-5-3 ratio and requested a "Just
and fair agreement on disarmament."
After several days of discussion and
debate, the Japanese demand for parity
was flatly rejected by the delegates of
the four other nations. v
The pessimistic feeling that pre
vailed was attributed to the Japanese
demand for parity, the rivalry in the
Mediterranean between France and
Italy, the war In Ethiopia an J its sanc
tions developments and recent occur
rences in north China. Any one of
which might wreck the conference.
JOHN H. HOEPPEL, cdngressman
from California, and his son, [
Charles, were found guilty by a Jury
in the District of Columbia Supreme
Court of conspiring to sell an appoint
ment to West Point for $1,000. They
were released on bail pending motion
for a new trial. Hoeppel was elected
to congress in the Roosevelt landslide
of 1932 from the Seventeenth Califor
nia district, and was re-elected in 1934.
He Is fifty-four years old; his son is
GEORGE L. BERRY, Industrial co
ordinator, found great difficulty in
mustering his proposed industrial coun
cil, in which many great industrial
groups* had refused to participate. The
initial session of his conference broke
up In disorder amid shouts of "liar"
and threatened fist fights. Further do
ings were postponed for a week or more
and most of the delegates went home,
declaring they wanted nothing to do
with a permanent council which might
lead to further government interfer
ence with private business. The labor
unions stood by Berry, hoping his pro
gram would aid their plans for a 30
hour week and government licensing of
JOHN J. LEWIS, president of the
United Mine Workers snd head of
the "rebel" committee on Industrial or
ganization that la seeking to gain con
trol of the American Federation of La
bor, Invited President William Oreen
of the federation to resign and accept
chairmanship of the committee. In a
letter to Lewis, Green declared that he
never had associated himself with any
minority seeking to split the A. F. of
L., and never wonld do so. He mildly
rebuked the Insurgents by saying that
he himself "In a spirit of good sports
manship took It on the chin" whenever
he had found himself outvoted In the
A. F. of L. convention.
A ^MINISTRATION officials state
that President Roosevelt will ask
the new congress for a $100,000,000 ap
propriation as the Initial fund to
launch the federal social security pro
gram going Into effect January 1. The
fund Is to be distributed among the
states for the needy old aged In the
form of pensions, for maternity and
child welfare, and to aid the blind.
State commissioners and public wel
fare directors were summoned to
Washington by the social security
board to discuss formulation of regula
tions and procedure.
CONTINUOUS rioting In Cairo, di
rected against British control of
Egypt, attacks on English soldiers and
smashing of street cars and shop win
aows, iorcea premier
Nesslm Pasha and his
cabinet to decide to
resign. The rioters de
manded the restora
tion of the constitu
tion of 1923 and the
^ministers pleaded with
Sir Miles Lampson,
British high commis
sioner, to give his con
sent. He was obdurate
In his refusal until
Nessim Pasha an
nounced that he would quit, but yield
ed then to avoid disorders similar to
those of 1919.
Therefore, with the consent of Great
Britain, King Fuad signed a royal de
cree restoring constitutional govern
ment, and the cabinet members with
drew their resignations. The consti
tution thus restored provides for a
senate and chamber of deputies and
takes control of Egypt's internal affairs
completely out of British bands. It
does not, however, affect Britain's con
trol of Egyptian foreign affairs, nor the
British military protectorate.
POLITICIANS, especially Republicans
* were greatly Interested In a meeting
In Washington between former Vice
President Charles Curtis and Senator
Borah, and Its possible Implications.
Curtis Insisted to the press that he Is
still advocating the nomination of Gov.
Alf Landon of Kansas for the Presi
dency, but the Idaho senator Is himself
a leading possibility for that honor.
Curtis had recently had a conference
with Landon In Topeka, but be said
there was no connection between, that
and his call on Borah.
The ex-Vice President said of the
"I have no second choice, but a
lot depends on what happens at the
convention. I have the highest regard
for the senator. I'm for Landon, who
Is well equipped to run, after giving
us an economic administration In Kan
sas?something we need here In Wash
ington more now than ever before."
CARLOS iteNDIETA resigned as
president Ikf Cuba because of a
fierce quarrel in the government over
procedure for the election of a con
stitutional president. Mendieta ha<}
held the oflice for two years. Secre
tary of State Barnet took over the
oflice and reappointed all members of
the cabinet, and preparations for the
election went ahead.
NORTH CHINA autonomists, eup
ported by the Japanese armies,
evidently are too much for the Nan
kins government, of which Chiang Kai
shek has now become the premier. The
provinces of Hopel and Chahar, with a
population of 30.0tm.000 or more, have
been granted virtual self-rule under a
political council. The central govern
ment made only three stipulations?
that Nanking would continue to control
the new state's foreign affairs, finan
cial, military and Judiciary matters;
that all appointments would lie made
by Nanking, and that there would be
no actual Independence for the area.
No machinery was provided to pre
vent the new council from doing exact
ly as It pleased under Japanese protec
tion and guidance. 4
BRCNO HACPTMANN, convicted of
kidnaping and murdering the Lind
bergh baby, lost almost his last chance
of escaping the electric chair when
the Supreme court refused to review
bis rase. The decision was made
through the single word "DenlesL"
Hauptmann's attorneys had an
nounced previously that. In the event
a review was refused, they would eeek
a new trial if new evidence conld be
found and would appeal for a commu
tation of the death sentence to life Im
Nantucket Island Talks About Secession
RESIDENTS of Nantucket Island are talking of secession, If not
from the Union, at least from the state of Massachusetts. They
say they are "disgusted with the present operations of government"
and would manage better If left alone. Bassett Jones, at right, a
New York electrical engineer and summer resident of the Island,
| is one of the proponents of autonomy or a territorial status for
Nantucket, which he says was never legally Joined to Massachusetts.
Above Is a view of the densely populated Island.
Bedtime Story for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
LIGHTFOOT HEARS A
r\ AY after day Llghtfoot, the deer,
a-' played hide and seek for his life
with the hunters who were seeking
to kill him. He saw them many times
i though not one of them saw him.
More than once a hunter passed close
j to LIghtfoot's hiding place without
I suspecting It
But poor Llghtfoot was feeling the
j strain. He was growing thin and he
was so nervous that the falling of a
dead leaf from a tree would startle
him. There Is nothing quite so ter
rible as being continually hunted, it
was getting so that Llghtfoot half ex
pected a hunter ta step out from be
hind every tree. Only when the Black
Shadow wrapped the Green Forest In
darkness did-he know a moment of
peace. And those hours of safety
were filled with dread of what the
next day might bring.
Early one morning a terrible sound
rang through the Green Forest and
brought Llghtfoot to his feet with a
startled Jump. It was the baying of
hounds following a trail. At first It
did not sound so terrible. Llghtfoot
had often heard It before. Many times
he had listened to the baying of
Bowser the Hound, as he followed Ked
dy Fox. It had not sounded so terri
ble then because It meant no danger
At first, as he listened early that
morning, he too* It for granted that
those hounds were after Reddy and
so, though startled, he was. no,t wor
ried. But suddenly a, dreadful sua
In a Panic of Fear, Lightfoot Bounded
plclon came to tilm and he grew more
I and more anxious as he listened. In a
few minutes there was no longer any
doubt In his mind. Those hounds were
following his trail I It was then that |
the sound of that baying became ter- |
rlble. He must run for his life. Those |
hounds would give him no rest And I
he knew that In running from them
he would no longer be able to watch
so closely for the hunters with terrl- J
ble guns. He would no longer be able
to hide In thickets. At any time he
might be driven right past one of
Llgbtfoot bounded away with such
leaps as only Llghttoot can make. In
a little while the voices of the hounds (
grew fainter. I.lghtfoot stopped to get
his breath and stood trembling as he
listened. The baying of the hounds j
grew louder and louder. Those won- |
derful noses of theirs rfere follow
ing bis trail without the least diffi
In a panic of fear, Llgbtfoot bound
ed away again. As he crossed an old
road, the Green Forest rang with the
roar of a terrible gun. Something tore
a strip of bark from the trunk of a
tree just above Llghtfoot's head. It |
was ^ bullet and It had Just missed
Llgbtfoot. It added to his terror ami
this In turn added to his speed.
So Llgbtfoot ran and ran, and be
hind him the voices of the hounds con- !
tinued to ring through the Green For
C T. W. Burgees.?WNTJ Service.
The striking feature of this black
wool crepe street frock worn by Vir
ginia Reld, screen actress. Is the clever
pique buttons which trim the b<Jdlce.
The pique, a waffle-weave. Is corded
to form the round buttons which are
themselves ornamented with pique
"wings." The same fabric forms the
muffler collar. Though the frock Is
cut In one piece. It Is styled to give
the effect of a Jacket In the back.
With the frock she wears a peaked
hat made of a ribbed black crepe.
By DOUGLAS MALLOCH
I WOULD have a school
A place (or labor.
Yet I would always hare
Play for Its neighbor:
Touch this thing with romance, '
And that with glamour.
The history of France
A Latin grammar.
I would have a school
A place for dreaming.
Not only teach the true
But teach the seeming; !
The world needs dreamers, too,
As well as heroes.
And Shelleys something do,
As well as Neros.
I would have a school
A place for winning
More than a little lore?
But the beginning
Of many books to read.
And much endeavor,
A school a thing to lead
The mind forever.
C Douglas Malloch.?WNT Servlca.
London Fog Fl&re
London police are testing this new
type of fo? flare which Is Intended to
replace the old acetylene flares. It la
worked from gas mains, and can be
folded np and put away In a metal
box sunk In the street.
I PAPA KNCAVSH
"Pop, what la mercenary?"
"An eagle's talone."
C Bell Syndicate-?WNU Service.
? MOTHER'S ?
1 COOK BOOK
PGR the average housewife elaborate
* entertaining is not to be thought of,
not only because of the expense but
because of the amount of labor In
When serving an Informal tea for
club or committee the wise woman will
provide herself with plenty of the good
sized heavy paper napkins to use In
stead of the cherished llnep* -swdilcb Is
used for more formal <}Lce<is!ons.
Napkins of paper nourf come lo ifcrge
sizes and one may even have an Ini
tial to make them more personal. No
body enjoyed the small and elusive
paj?er napkins, for they never "stay
put," but these are such a comfort and
saving on linen.
There are so many kinds of sand
wlches that may be served with tea
|* or some other hot drink, that one
might have a different one every day
Small cookies and cakes are always
popular, make them unusual, either by
tilling them with some soft rich filling
of fruit or custard, or sweetened and
flavored whipped cream.
The very small crejjrn puffs filled
with good thick sweetened and fla
I vored whipped cream are most attrac
tive and universally well liked. Serve
I them on a lace paper-covered plate In
?wos or threes; when accompanied by
a cup of hot cocoa, what could be
more dainty for a light afternoon re
There are so many food accessories
now which add to the enjoyment of
serving simple foods. The frying has
ket for potato nests?tney are so sim
pie to make, using a fine shredder In
the form of a flat grater, making the
fresh potato In such floe shoestrings
that tbe basket when cooked even
looks like a nest. These may be made
and heated before serving. The bas
kets ma; be filled with the most de
licious sweetbreads and mushrooms, or
creamed chicken, or with any creamed ,
vegetable one desires.
C Western Newspaper CVton.
Old Street Car Is a Good Clubhouse
pillS unique clubhouse li ? discarded Street car Id which member* of the
1 Home Makers' club of Atlanta, Ua., hold their regular meetings. The cat
Is located on a plot of ground donated to the club by the city. The ladlea haT?
made good use of the paint brush and bare added curtains, shades, pictures ?
and wall vases. A completely furnished kitchenette may be seen at the back
of the car. j