The Alamance Gleaner
Vol. LXIII GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 19, 1937 No. 28
JV'gipa Review of Current Event* I
BLACK NAMED FOR COURT
Choice Surprise to Senate . . . Chinese Central Army
Clashes with Japanese . . . Legislation in Tangled Mess
Japanese Soldiers Bring Their Own Beer to Pelping.
/ ^ SUMMARIZES THE WORLD'S WEEK
C Western Newspaper Union.
Nominee Draws Rebuke
WITH his customary exercise of
the dramatic, President Roose
velt Dominated Senator Hugo L.
Black (Dem., Ala.) to fill the vacan
cy on the Supreme
court bench caused
by the retirement of
Justice Willis Van
Black had not even
been mentioned for
ously, and the ap
pointment was a
complete surprise to
For 20 years it has
hppn n r ii ? t o m.
when a senator is appointed to high
office, for his nomination to be con
sidered in open executive session.
But when Senator Ashurst (Dem.,
Ariz.) proposed this in Senator
B 1 a e k's nomination, objections
came forth immediately from Sen
ator Burke (Dem., Neb.) and Sena
tor Johnson (Rep., Calif.). They
asked that the nomination be re
ferred to the senate judiciary com
mittee for "careful consideration."
This was viewed in the light of a
distinct rebuke for the nominee.
Senator Black has been a militant
leader in the fight for the Presi
dent's wages and hours legislation.
As a justice he would have the op
portunity to pass upon measures
regulating public utility holding
companies, authorizing federal
loans and grants for publicly-owned
power plants, and fixing prices in
the soft-coal industry.
Shells Pepper Great Wall
A LTHOUGH war was still with
out benefit of official declara
tion, the army of the Chinese cen
tral government clashed with the
Japanese invaders for the first time.
The Eighty-ninth division, from the
provinces of Suiyuan and Shansi be
gan the attack at the Nankow pass
of the Great Wall, 30 miles north
west of Peiping, the Japanese said.
Through this pass the Japanese
have been able to move reinforce
ments from Manchukuo, its protec
torate, and the Chinese wanted to
gain control of It. They wiped out
a whole battalion of Japanese sol
diers in the opening battle.
The Japanese opened up Immedi
ately afterward with heavy artillery
fire which the Chinese failed to . re
turn. Indeed the latter were silently
retreating into positions they
thought more secure. As shells fell
in the city of Nankow, fires were
seen to arise from heavily populat
ed areas. The Chinese, however,
were said to be well equipped with
trench mortars with which to de
fend the pass once they considered
their position satisfactory.
Japanese warned. that all of their
forces in North China, some 40,000
fighting men, would be loosed upon
the Chinsee if they made anV at
tempt to return to the old capital in
Peiping, now held by the invaders.
South Demands Crop Loans
f^ONGRESS regarded adjoum
ment as possibly farther off
than ever as the wage-hour bill got
all tangled up with surplus agricul
tural control and cotton loans in
what looked like a hopeless mess.
With the Department of Agricul
ture estimating a 15,500. 000-bale cot
ton crop, about 3,000,000 bales more
than can be consumed. Southern
representatives and senators were
demanding surplus crop loans. The
Commodity Credit corporation has
authority to make such loans.
In a press conference. President
Roosevelt indicated that he had no
intention of permitting a 10-cent cot
ton loan until congress passed the
agricultural control program and
ever-normal granary bill which Sec
retary of Agriculture Wallace says
is necessary before the new session
in January. Trouble is the house
committee doesn't know how to write
such a bill and make it stick, in
view of the Supreme court's deci
sion on the AAA.
Now the Southern bloc has made
it clear that it will not push through
the President's much-desired wages
and hours bill, as dictated by Wil
liam Green, president of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor, unless
southern farmers get their cotton
loans. Furthermore, the Southern
ers under the capitol dome are now
asking for loans as high as IS cents
a pound, and in some cases even
18 cents. The South is not any too
well in accord with maximum hours
and minimum wages anyway.
The result of the whole affair is
a complete stalemate. Somebody
will have to give in; somebody prob
ably will, and there will be old
fashioned "hoss - trading" on a
wholesale scale. For congress wants
to adjourn before the snow flies.
Senate O.K.'s Court Reform
A LL that was left of the admin
istration's sweeping court re
form proposals passed the senate in
an hour without a record vote. This
was the procedural reform bill for
the lower federal courts. It was in
the nature of a substitute for the
Sumners bill in the house of repre
sentatives, and went back to the
house for what was expected to be
a peaceable conference.
The bill, as summarized by Sen.
Warren R. Austin (Rep., Vt.), who
wrote most of it, included:
Provision making it the duty of
the District court, in any constitu
tional suit between private citizens,
to notify the Department of Justice
that upon a showing by the attorney
general that the United States had
a probable interest the government
would be made a party to the suit.
Permission for the senior circuit
judge to reassign district judges
within that circuit for the purpose
of clearing congested dockets. (If
necessary, a judge may be trans
ferred from one circuit to another.)
Permission for direct appeal to
the Supreme court, if 30-day notice
is given, from any decision of a
District court against the constitu
tionality of an act.
Requirement that all suits for in
junction against the operation of
federal statutes to be heard b y a
three-judge court, including at least
one circuit court of appeals judge.
Shanghai Smells Smoke
A JAPANESE officer and a sea
man tried to enter the Shang
hai airport, now under Chinese mili
tary control, in a high speed auto
mobile. Chinese guards, after try
ing to halt them, shot and killed
them. The Japanese claimed the
road on which the men were travel
ing was part of the international set
tlement, and threatened the sever
est reprisals unless the Chinese
made satisfactory explanation.
The incident bid fair to touch off
a terrible conflict on the scene of
the war of 1932. When Japanese
warships threatened the Shanghai
wharves, Chinese national troops be
gan pouring into the city from ev
ery direction. Simultaneously came
reports that two boatloads of Nip
ponese soldiers were headed to aug
ment the garrison in Shanghai, and
that the sudden ingress of Chinese
troops had virtually blocked off the
entire city, isolating thousands of
foreigners from the outside world.
Cutting Madrid from Sea
WLY but determinedly Gen.
ffancisco Franco'* rebels are
pressing their campaign to cut
Madrid off from Valencia and the
sea. Latest advances of well-mo
bilized and mechanized troops, fol
lowing up co-ordinated attacks,
brought the insurgents near to the
capture of Salvacanete, which is
only 30 miles from Cuenca. Cuenca
is the provincial capital, and from
it emanate most of the roads upon
which the loyalist government is
depending to keep open the traffic
between the two cities.
Reports revealed that the rebels
were also opening a new drive on
Santander, last government strong
hold on the northern coast, and had
already made important advances.
The drive followed an attack made
upon them by Asturian miners fight
ing under the loyalist colors. The
miners acted quickly in a surprise
move, advancing far enough to
throw hand grenades into the insur
gent trenches. Then the rebels
opened up with machine gun fire
and half the attacking band was
killed, Franco's officers claimed.
That all might not be going as
well as General Franco insisted was
indicated when he was forced into
the paradoxical act of shelling one
of his own cities, Segovia. This
was done, it was reported, to quell
a rebellion among the insurgent
forces. It was also said that the
insurrection had been spreading
among several provinces.
Meanwhile, other nations were on
the point of being involved again.
There was a riot among rebel troops
at Toledo, and Italian soldiers were
alleged to have aided in quelling
the uprising. Four merchant ships
?one British, one Italian, one
French and one Greek ? were at
tacked in the Mediterranean by
three "mystery" planes. Great Brit
ain blamed the rebels and demand
ed an answer to its protest. Italy
blamed the red loyalists. The loy
alists blamed the rebels, the rebel*
blamed the loyalists.
Petping Gets "Protection"
" A LTHOUGH Nanking is pre
L 1 paring to wage a destructive
war, do not be afraid.
"The Japanese army will protect
ing these words flut
tered from the skies
to come to rest in
the hands of resi
dents of the ancient
Peiping. As the air
planes which spread
the news hummed
overhead, a brigade
of 3,000 Japanese
soldiers, in com
mand of Maj. Gen.
Torashimo Kawabe marched
through the city, taking possession
of it in the name of Tokyo.
What would be the result of the
new Japanese domination apparent
ly begun by Maj. Gen. Kawabe was
a matter for speculation. Chinese
residents, long since convinced that
the inevitable would happen, took
it calmly enough. Some of them
voiced their belief that the former
boy emperor of China, Tsuan Tung
(Henry Pu-Yi), since 1934 Emperor
Kang Teh of Manchukuo, would re
turn to his throne in Peiping. He
would then rule over North China as
well as Manchukuo, as a puppet for
whom Japan would pull the strings.
New York'f Share Cut
CENATOR ROBERT F. WAO
NER'S (Dem., N. Y.) *726,000,
000 housing bill ?u passed by the
senate, 64 to 16, but the senator
scarcely recognized it when his fel
lows were done with it.
Senator Wagner and other admin
istration leaders struggled frantical
ly to defeat an amendment by Har- j
ry F. Byrd (Dem., Va.) limiting the
cost of housing projects to $1,000 a
room or *4,000 a family unit. Result
of the straggle: The upper house,
which originally passed the amend
ment 40 to 39, defeated a motion to
reconsider by 44 to 38.
The bill originally called for ex- l
penditures up to $1,500 a room or
$7,000 a family unit Opponents i
conceded that the Byrd amendment
would prohibit the building of the
type of houses Senator Wagner had
in mind in New York City.
Purge Toll to Date: 320
CEVENTY-TWO Russians in East
^ Siberia were lined up and shot
by the government, bringing the to
tal number of eastern executions
in Russia's purge of "Trotzkyists"
to 320. The 72, described as right
ist terrorists, were charged with
operating along the Siberian rail
road for the Japanese secret serv
It was alleged the accused had
wrecked a train, killing 14 persons
and injuring 40.
Arrests of officials in charge of
various branches of the Soviet econ
omy who had failed to make their
production quotas continued.
You'd Never Guess What They're Doing in a Million Years
Calcutta, India.? About the last thing in the world you'd ever suspect is that these are football fans,
watching a game through periscopes. But that's what they are and that's what they're doing. The game was
played in Calcutta during the monsoon season.
An Thornton W Burcfess
WHAT SAMMY JAY TOLD
BLACKY THE CROW
THIS is the story, the amazing
story, that Sammy Jay told to
Blacky the Crow as they sat in the
Lone Pine. It is the same story he
had tried to tell all the little peo
ple of the Green Meadows and the
Green Forest, but that in his ex
citement he had mixed up so that
nobody could make head or tail of
it, and so everybody had thought he
had gone crazy.
"I had gone way, way into the
Green Forest just to look around a
little," said Sammy. "I had seen
Blacky snook m? bead. "Waa It
at black as mine?" he asked.
nothing and nobody lor a long
time, when suddenly I law tome
thing moving on the ground. I flew
over to see what it was, and when
I got where I could see clearly I
nearly fell from the tree in which I
was sitting. Yes, sir, I was so
surprised and ? and frightened that
I nearly fell out of that tree I"
Blacky looked as if he didn't quite
Blue for Wally
Wall is blue is the color of the
front of the Jacket and the softly
draped, scarf-like front of the dress
in this outfit of black crepe. Sleeves
in the dress and jacket are black
and clips are placed at each side
of the neck on the dress.
believe this, but thought that Sam
my was just trying to make a big
story. But he didn't say anything,
and Sammy went on.
"At first I thought it was Farmer
Brown's boy, for the stranger was
standing on two legs, just like
Farmer Brown's boy, and his back
was to roe. But in a minute I saw
he had on a black fur coat, and I've
never seen Farmer Brown's boy
wearing a black fur coat, have
Blacky shook his head. "Was it
as black as mine?" he asked.
Sammy nodded. "Just as black,"
said he. "In a minute he began
to walk, and he didn't walk on two
feet ? he walked on four feet!" Sam
my was beginning to get excited
again. "I was so surprised that I
guess I screamed. Of course, he
heard me and looked up. Hello,
Mr. Jay!' said he. and grinned, and
when he grinned he showed his
teeth and they were very big. 'I had
begun to think that nobody lives
around here and was getting kind of
lonesome. You don't happen to
know where there is any honey, do
youT' The idea of thinking that
there would be any honey as early
in the spring as this! % Then he
walked over to a big tree and stood
up and stretched his hands way up
as high as he could and scratched
the bark of the tree, and he has
the awfulest claws you ever sawl
I didn't suppose anybody ever had
such claws. When I saw those I
just spread my wings and flew away
as fast as ever I could. And now
when I try to tell About it every
body calls me crazy."
Blacky scratched his head
thoughtfully and Sammy suspected
that he, too, thought him crazy.
"Did he have a tail?" asked Blacky.
"I ? I don't know," confessed Sam
my. "I didn't stop to look."
"And you say he is as big as ?
as Reddy Fox?" asked Blacky, hi*
sharp eyes twinkling shrewdly.
"I said he is as big as Farmer
Brown'* boy!" replied Sammy in
"And he walks on four legs?" per
"Yes," replied Sammy, "but he
stands on two legs."
"Hm-m-m," said Blacky. "I've
lived a long time in the Green For
est, but I've never seen or heard
of any one like that. You are sure
you did not dream it, Sammy?"
"Of course, I didn't dream itl"
cried Sammy. "Did you ever know
me to go to sleep in the daytime?
I tell you he's a stranger!"
"Where did you say you saw
him?" asked Blacky.
"Deep in the Green Forest, be
yond the pond of Paddy the Beav
er," replied Sammy.
"I believe I'll go have a look for
myself," said Blacky. "Won't you
come show me the way?"
"No, thanks," replied Sammy
promptly. . "I've seen him once,
and that's enough!"
And so Blacky the Crow started
alone to hunt for the stranger in the
C T. W. Burcaa* WKD a*rrlM.
FIRST-AID TO AILING HOUSE
By ROGER ?. WHITMAN
DON'T BUY WORN-OUT HOUSE
WHEN ? family goes house
hunting, the first thought is for
location, and the second tor a house
with the necessary number of
rooms. Satisfied on these points, the
choice is likely to go to the house
that is attractive in appearance and
prettily decorated. Unfortunately,
little thought may be given to an
other point, although as a matter of
fact, it is of high importance. This
is the judging of the house by what
it will cost to occupy; what the
heating cost will be, and the prob
able need for future repairs and re
placements. The purchase price is
paid but once, while the costs of
occupancy go on for as long as
the bouse is lived in. The lower
they are, the better. For an ex
ample, consider two houses, that
while otherwise the same, have dif
ferences in construction that make
it possible for one of them to be
heated for $50 less per winter than
the other. The house that makes
the saving is a better buy than the
other, even though the purchase
price may be higher.
If the previous occupant of a house
can be located, he should be asked
about the amount of fuel that was
burned. Another source of infor
mation is a local dealer in coal or
oil. Quite often a next-door neigh
bor will know.
A house that has previously been
lived in will need radecoration and
the reAnishing of floors. Thia is to
be expected. But before papers are
signed, the prospective owner
should know more about the house
than shows on the surface. He
should know the condition of the
wster pipes, the stiffness of the
house, the length of life that is to
be expected from the roof, and other
matters that are usually beyond the
knowledge and experience of an
average prospective home owner.
A house is security for the money
that it costs, and like any good se
curity, should retain its value. I
believe that a buyer will find that
his money is well spent in engaging
an architect or a competent and
unbiased builder to make a~ thor
ough examination of the bouse, and
to report on its condition. This will
show the extent of depreciation. It
will also be a guide as to the re
pairs and replacements that will be
necessary in the future ? the condi
tion of the heating plant, the sound
ness of the timbers, the resistance
of walls and roof to weather and
to leakage of air and water, the
soundness of the masonry and the
condition of the mortar joints. All
of those details have ? bearing on
the real value of the house, and on
the maintenance expenses to which
an owner will be subjected. The fee
for examination will not be great;
but whatever it may be, it will be
little enough to pay for protection
against the buying of a poorly built
By DOUGLAS MALLOCH
THE dream is always greater
The man, however great the plan.
The gaunt New Englander went
To build a nation in the North
And little thought beyond the crest
Of good green hills a little west.
And yet the flag he gave to dawn
Now flies above the Oregon.
For always up alluring streams
New dreams move onward from old
And over hills men make their way
And find new hills to conquer. They
Make camp tonight, and think that
Their march is ended. Yet the year
Shall see their campfires redden
Above new hills of enterprise.
But he who never dreams at all
Because the dream may seem so
Who thinks to walk the level mile
A journey hardly worth the while.
Will live and die within the vale,
Will never find the upward trail.
For none will climb the mountain
He, first of all, has climbed the MIL.
? Dootlai Uallocb ? WNU ItrM.
OF TOUR HJLMD 9
By Laicaatar K. Dana
f Public Ledger. Inc
TP HERE are some men and
A women whose successes are
seemingly achieved solely through
tireless scheming and almost un
canny foresight. Such people gain
their objectives by secrecy and
shrewdness, which often fall Just
short of cunning. In matters at
finance particularly, they seldom
miss a trick, which is sometimes
taken at the expense of the other
Here we shall consider the fourth
finger and its indications of this kind
of mental power.
Finger of Shrewd Mentality.
Excessive leanness and length
are, perhaps, the most outstanding
characteristics of this type of fin
ger. With them is also found . a
somewhat irregular but pronounced
curve of the entire finger toward the
third finger. The finger is of rather
wiry appearance, with peculiarly
prominent knuckles, notably the
second joint. These, however, are
not of the usual "knotty" variety.
The nail tip is often quite striking
in its length, and the nail is in
variably long, narrow, inclined to
convexity of form and well set. With
the hand extended wide, the finger
lies extremely close to the third fin
ger, and with fingers pressed to
gether its tip falls just below that o<
the third finger.
Those who possess fourth fingers
of this type usually plan secretly
and thoroughly, and have an amaz
ing tirelessness in bringing their
plans to a successful outcome.
\J( CAN YOU (XV V XlRE/-"*
I I CQlOE VOun /THATS WW
I Vo ASSAILANT?/*. 30CKEO
I 4 > ME ? FOR
I f|Sl% rcacstisura
J}? 5 wl wokftj ?
Forest Land More Porous
Government tests show that th*
?oil in forests is 50 per cent mora
porous than bare earth. This for
est sponge (rips a flood in its meah.