The Alamance Gleaner
VOL. LXXII , GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 30, 1947 . No. 62
WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS
British, French Form New Bond;
GOP Chiefs Push Tax Reduction;
Ford Takes Price Leadership
Released by Western Newspaper Uniot ?
(EDITOR'S NOTE: When epluleas are expressed la these eelamas. they are these ef
Western Newspaper Ualea's news analysts and net necessarily sf this newspaper.)
Governor Ellis Arnall (at left) faces Herman Talmadge (at
right) in executive office in Atlanta, Ga., as latter claims post left
open by death of his father. (See GEORGIA.)
Traditional allies against Ger
many, Great Britain and France
renewed their old bond in London
by agreeing to a treaty of alliance
to guard against a rebirth of an ag
Though the alliance ostehsibly
was directed against Germany, ob
servers saw in the pact a strength
ening of the western European pow
ers against the expanded influence
of Russia on the continent. With
Britain and France serving as a
core, smaller nations like Holland
and Belgium might adhere to the
western bloc to check the threat of
In concluding their alliance, Brit
ain and France agreed to work for
the orderly development of western
European economy to promote mu
tual prosperity ard at the same time
prevent establishment of a strong
industrial base for war in Germany.
Emphasis was placed on harmon
izing the British and French econo
mies to remove trade conflicts and
harnessing essential German indus
try, like coal, to the needs of neigh
Standing pat on their determina
tion to scale personal income taxes
and trim the 1947
'48 budget of unnec
essary frills, GOP
massed to push
through a 20 per
* cent cut proposed
With the Republi
cans cautious about
paring military ex
of the unsettled
budget did not
leave too much
room for tinkering.
As a result, GOP
leaders planned to
concentrate on the
income cut estimat- Knutson
ed at billion Taber
dollars and con
tinue the current high excise levies
on liquor, furs, jewelry and other
Representative Taber (Rep., N.
Y.), chairman of the house appro
priations committee, asserted the
budget could be reduced at least
1 to 4 billion dollars, still assuring
essential expenditures and allowing
for a payment on the national
debt. Such a cute would bring the
budget in line with the decrease in
revenue resulting from the 20 per
cent tax slash.
Declaring that the high standard
of American living was based upon
mass production, Ford Motor com
pany slashed the price of nine mod
els from $15 to $50 to stimulate a
cautious buyers' market.
Thus did Henry Ford H, youthful
president ot lbs famed auto com
pany, steal a march on organized
labor on the eve of negotiations for
new contracts and set the pace for
industry generally. As labor was to
clamor for higher wages. Ford in
ferred that they could be paid out of
increasing production of goods,
with workers sharing the rising
With prices away up and buyers
hesitant to pay for inflated values,
American 'industry stands at the
crossroads. Ford said. Bring prices
within reach of the average con
sumer through mass production and
the U. S. may well avoid a business
recession, he declared. With em
ployee efficiency on the rise. Ford
revealed that his company is turn
ing out about 4,000 units a day, ex
clusive of buses and tractors.
Sugar, cooking and salad oils and
many processed foods containing
these ingredients may be in short
supply in 1947 but otherwise Amer
icans are assured of a full larder
this year, the National Grocers Bul
A roundup of the food industry
resulted in these predictions:
MEAT: Per capita supplies should
include 68V4 pounds of pork, 68
pounds of beef, 9 pounds of veal
and 5% pounds of lamb and mutton.
POULTRY: The number of farm
raised poultry promises to be up 5
to 7 per cent and commercial broiler
production up IS per cent. With ex
ports lower, there should be suffi
cient eggs despite an 8 per cent
drop in production.
DAIRY PRODUCTS: Despite
somewhat smaller milk output, sup
plies of dairy products should be
adequate to meet demands.
FRESH VEGETABLES: Plenty
at lower prices.
FRUITS: Record volume.
GRAIN FOODS: Bumper grain
crops assure ample stocks of flour,
hot and cold cereals, spaghetti and
CANNED FOODS: Production is
expected to reach record figure of
600 million standard cases com
pared with 514 million in 1945.
Even the sugar situation will not
be so bad, the Bulletin said. At 35
pounds the per capita supply of sug
ar will be at least 10 pounds more
than in 1946, and use of substitute
sweetening agents will help increase
production of prepared desserts,
cake mixes, chocolate and cocoa,
condensed milk, jams and jellies.
Chip Off Old Block
With "Old Gene" gone, "Young
Herman" kept alive the fiery Tal
madge tradition in Georgia politics.
When his father died before he
could be inaugurated, young Tal
madge mustered sufficient support
in the legislature to have himself
named governor; then, defying tn
cumbenUGovernor Araall, who held
his election illegal, he set up his
own offices in the state capitol.
Meeting young Talmadge's bold
challenge, Arnall carried the issue to
the state supreme court, dominated
by his own appointees. But again
Herman struck back by threatening
to ignore an adverse court decision
on the grounds that the constitu
tion empowered the legislature to
elect a governor and a denial of the
right represented Judicial encroach
ment upon the legislative branch of
Amid the hub-bub, one sure facf
emerged: Young Talmadge had
demonstrated political leadership
and was a power to be reckoned
I with in Georgia politics.
V. S. Helps
Anxious to bolster the democratic
elements in Italy against unrest ris
ing from economic chaos following
the war, the U. S. granted Italy
a 100 million dollar loan to rebuild
key segments of industry and also
took emergency action to route 50,
000 tons of wheat to the distressed
I U. S. action climaxed Premier Al
clde de Gasperi's whirlwind negoti
ations with Washington for speedy
assistance. Che lean, bespectacled
Italian head of state flew to this
country for help as his regime was
shaken by continued unemployment
and food riots.
The U. S. advanced 100 million
from the Export-Import bank on the
stipulation that the Italian govern
ment could maintain political sta
bility and also provide for other
imports needed to make the na
tion's economy work.
Heeding de Gasperi's plea that
Italy was scratching the bottom of
its larder and was in need of sub
stantial help before the next har
vest, the U. S. diverted to Italy six
ships bearing grain destined for
End of a Project
In negotiating an agreement with
the Canadian government for dis
posal of the Canol oil project in
Yukon territory, the U. S. closed
the book on one of the most con
troversial developments rising
from the needs of World War II.
Condemned as a "costly blunder"
by the senate war investigating
committee last September 1, Canol
was built by the army to furnish a
convenient source of fuel for use in
the Alaskan zone. Though petroleum
experts reported that oil resources
near Fort Norman were "very lim
ited," the army drilled wells there
and erected a 600-mile pipeline to
a new refinery at Whitehorse.
By persisting in development of
.Canol in the face of stiff congres
sional opposition, the army brought
the ensuing wrath upan its own
head. Built at a cost of more than
55 million dollars, Canol failed as
a big producer from the start, and
private interests hesitated to risk
its operation in peace. Hence the
agreement to sell the facilities on
the spot, dismantle them for piece
meal disposal, or abandon them.
World an Armed Camp
Russia has at least 3fiOOfiOO troops
massed behissd the iron curtain, accord
ing to an estimate by Ma). Hal D.
Stewart writing in the semi-official
Armored Cavalry journal.
Major Stewart's estimate of Soviet
military strength was Made in an arti
cle on the size of postwar armies.
Drawing his figures mainly from war
department intelligence reports, be
pointed out that his compilations may
not be wholly accurate because of the
secrecy employed by some countrses
in veiling the true strength of their
In all. soma ft,000,000 men and
women are under arms, Major Stewart
said. Next to Ratlin, the Chinese Na
tionalist government nsamlaint the
largest army with 2,700fl00 regulars,
while the Chinese Comnusnists claim
a force of IfiOOjOOO.
Britain rates third with 1,100,000
troops and the United States follows
with l.SOOJOOO. Although a small sta
tion, Yugoslavia has 800fl00 in ttni
form, including 80JOOO women.
Farmers can count on ample sup
plies of feed grains for livestock
through the current feeding year,
the Feed Industry council concluded
after a comprehensive study.
Total requirements of 100,469,000
tons of grains and mill feeds should
leave a carryover of 16,620,000 tons
at the end of the crop year, the
council said. A breakdown showed
estimated, needs of 93,280,000 tons
for swine; 24,902,000 tons for poul
i try; 22,323,000 tons for dairy cat
tle; 14,833,000 for beef cattle; 967,
i 000 tons for sheep and lambs, and
i 9,290 tons for horses and mules.
In contrast to the adequate sup
; plies of feed grains, the council
estimated a deficit in stocks of high
; protein feeds. However, the experts
1 averred that the price situation
i would tend to balance the supply
I and cause a more careful use of
high quality protein by feeders.
Man About Town:
Bow Timet Change Dept.: Dwin
dling payrolls and no jobs are send
ing, more vets back to scfiool than
ever; 1947 will be the most edu
cated year of all times. . . . Ex
cerpt from Nevada: "Business
here dropped terribly in all lines.
Our bar fell off 100 per cent; like
wide dining department. I am now
sole owner and may become jani
tor too. Hear it's quiet all over the
country. For what reason I do not
know." . . . Boston clergymen pro
tested the new dime fare there.
They argue fewer people go to
church on the Sabbath as a result.
. . . Woolworth's on 44th and Broad
way now is offering toy trains at
$21. Dime store, eh? . . . Capitol
economists predict a hot summer,
preceded by a receded spring. In
short, hold your government bonds.
You'll naed them more then, praps.
Manhattan Morals: The Bow
ery jewel market (near Canal
and Hester streets) which re
sells gems containing loving in
scriptions. Mementoes of dead
romances. . . . The weather ob
servatory atop the Times Bldg.
tower. . . . The many old-law
tenements on Tenth Ave.?with
out bathing facilities. . . . The
kerrikters who ha ant Union
Square: A posh cart peddler
who sells "magic" roots that
are supposed to be love potions,
and a turban'd gent who sells
"prophecies" for a nickel.
The Press Box: Marshall is the
fourth secretary of staje within two
years. Apparently peace also has its
casualties. . . . Can't flgure out why
that handful of pressmen (who
stayed away for a few days, stop
ping the Miami papers) didn't pause
to think of this: Their stoppage
didn't stop salaries of staffers or
printers ? only newsboys and old
men and women newsstand-keepers
who took the shellacking. . . . An
swer me this, if you can. Every
police station in New York City fea
tures two green lamps outside. But
those at police headquarters aren't
lighted at night. . . . For the ftrst
time in 12 years, the police com
missioner has the 40 reporters (at
headquarters) all acting as his press
agents. Rate him high. . . . Quote of
the week: Bilbo's blast to news pho
tographers: "Don't you people have
Beginning of tbe End Dept.:
A Washington reporter said
Taft "isn't the most photogenic
aspirant for the '48 presidential
nomination and that if he isn't
more polite his pix may make
him look sillier." Seems Taft
and others were asked (by pbo
togs) to stand a little closer for
a shot, and he irritably barked:
"Too had better take the pic
ture as we are or don't take
any!" The lads took a walk.
Memos to the Editor: Stalin,
Gromyko and Novikov were invited
to attend or send representatives to
the Report from the World Forum
at Cleveland. Not one R.S.V.P.'d.
. . . Have the lie de France and
other French liners been taken off
their runs to rush troops to French
Indo-China? . . . Publishers are
rushing to secure the U. S. rights
for Hermann Hesse's books. He's
the Nobel prize winner in literature.
A few weeks ago few knew his
name. . . . Sarah Churchill's male
lead in "When in Rome" (now be
ing filmed there) is Tullio Carmin
ati, who quit the U. S. for "My
Beloved Duce." (Remember Pearl
Harbor?) . . . F. Sinatra and his
ciggie sponsor will have it Renego
tiated. . . . Insiders say "nothing
to the Farley boom." . . . Nickel
swindle case Jimmy Collins' cell
was next to the nine men who es
caped. . . . Sophie Gimbel's boy.
Jay, and Louise J arris have it bad.
Been going steady for two nights
Sallies ta Our Alley: Aady
Russell relays this Hollywetrd
conversation. One gal whis
pered: "I hear she's happily
married." "I geddit," giggled
another, "Separated, eh?". . . .
Item: "Ex-Sen. Wheeler and
Son Open Law OBee. Firm
name, 'Wheeler k Wheeler.' "
... In Songs, Dances and Mon
Manhattan Murals: Ladies of the
Evening (as they are laughingly
called) strolling near the swankier
ith Avenue hotels?some with dogs
on leash. . . . The bracelets from
; Palestine worn by Jewesses?the
letters cleverly spell it this way:
NO 'DOG'S LIFE'
Old-timers of Canine Kingdom
Boast of Interesting Careers
It may be a "dog's life," but it's still a good life, it is revealed ?
in a series of unusual animal stories compiled by Gaines Dog q
Research center of New York in connection with its quest for the s
oldest dog in America. I
Pampered oldsters of the human race command no more at- ti
tention than do their counterparts in the canine realm and occa- t
sionally, too, their owners sadly admit, even doddering old dogs <
are inclined to "go to the dogs. - ?
- - - - ii
The homesick dog which trav-w
eled 1,800 miles through strange ter
ritory to And his family, the talking
dog, the dog credited with killing
more than 600 coyotes, the dog
which went to school daily and, after
his mistress' graduation, accom
panied her to the office every morn
ing ? all these and many other
yarns of a sensational character
were uncovered by the Gaines cen
ter in response to its query concern
ing the oldest dog.
Reports on more than 200 dogs
were received from 43 states and
Ranks as Oldest.
Oldest is Laddie Boy (named
after the late President Harding's
dog), a 25'/4-year-old male owned
by Mrs. E. C. Baynard of Rocky
New York led with accounts of 18 J
Country Dogs Healthier.
Although city dogs generally are
believed to be healthier and longer
lived than their country cousins, by
far the largest number of reports
on old dogs came from small and
One of the moat sensational re
ports came from Mrs. Robert E.
if ..tr:_i n. j
jwcruiuey 01 r eaer
alsburg, Md. In de
scribing her 17-year
old mixed terrier.
Buster, Mrs. McKin
ley insists, "He can
a m T1,t ?-II,
tuch words as 'I'm hungry' and 'I
want to go out." "
One o( the most remarkable (eats
in the dog kingdom was accom
plished by Jiggs, now 21 years old,
owned by Mrs. Oscar Bengtson of
Anaheim, Calif. In 1834 the Bengt
son family moved from Truman,
Minn., to Anaheim, leaving Jiggs,
a large crossbreed, half shepherd,
half St. Bernard, with a friend.
Jiggs stayed with the friend eight
weeks and then vanished.
Two and a half years later
Jiggs appeared at the Bengt
son home In California, having
traversed half the continent in
covering a distance of 1.M8
miles to rejoin his family. Jiggs,
who was in his 18th and 11th
years when this exploit was
achieved, has not been separat
ed from his family since.
Still Active H enter.
A plutocrat is Zippy, 18-year-old
male toy black and tan terrier. His
Mount, N. C. His ancestry is "du
bious," Mrs. Baynard explains, his
mother being a Pekingese and his
tather a "traveling man." Laddie
Boy's age is equivalent to 133 years
in a human being.
The exceptional attention and care
which he has received from his mis
tress tor more than a quarter cen
tury are credited with Laddie's
longevity. Although a dog halt his
age is considered old. Laddie still
can amble about. He prefers, how
ever, to spend long hours in his
wicker basket, barking vigorously
when he wants his dinner or other
attention. Laddie's eyesight is very
poor but his health remains good as
he has required no veterinary atten
tion tor four years. Despite an al
most complete absence of teeth.
Laddie has a big appetite. He is
devoid of all his hair save for the
head, legs and a narrow furrow on
Besides Laddie, there were
reports on 19 other dogs 29
years of age or older. The aver
age dog has a span of life of
10 to 12 years.
Not all of the owners who submit
ted data mentioned the sex of their
aged pets. Of those who did, how
ever, 108 reported males and 78
females, indicating that the male
dog's longevity is greater.
The North Central states of Mich
igan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana
and Ohio reported the most aged
dogs?40 in all?with the Middle At
lantic states of Now York, New Jer
sey and Pennsylvania trailing with
39. Among individual states,
owner, mis wuuam
E. Griffith of Somer
set, Pa., told the
Gaines center that I
Zippy "has traveled
at the very best hotels in the coun
An ardent hunter is Susie, now
16, owned by A1 Johnston, govern
ment trapper of Logan, Mont. Susie,
who still goes hunting with her own
er every day, is credited with pull
ing down more than 600 coyotes. Her
major accomplishment, however,
involved helping to capture a wolf
weighing 103 pounds.
At the age of 12, Ritz Rachmani
nov, a purebred Samoyede owned
k? Vf-r U
Knight of Vallejo,
himself by siring
a litter of four
Twelve years in a
doe's life are the
equivalent ot 73 in a human'a. Ritz
I it now 13 years old. I
Although 16 year* of age. Buddy,
-shepherd of the collie type be
mging to Mrs. Stoddard Porter at
? --u ill- v v
r?a iiaiuofiiiv, _??
till works (or a living,
lis main job is to bring *
he cows home from pas
ure every afternoon J
ind, his owner points C
sit. he has never come
n without ah 01 mem. ? w> r
n addition to his herding duties, he
las completely eliminated wcod
hucks from the Porter farm.
Duplicating the story at Mary and
ler little Iamb, Mrs. Martha V. Al
ters of Arthur, 111., reports that her
ox terrier. Rex, now 17 years aid,
laily accompanied her and her two
jrothers to grammar school and
hen to high school. When Mrs. Al
ien finished high school and went
to work. Rex accompanied her to
the office every morning
A real old-timer is Foxy, a codas
owned by CapC William Penn Lodge
of Lang Beach Island, N. J. Now B
years old. Foxy can credit bis
longevity to an active youth. Foxy
was found as a young wild dog n?
ning at large in the woods of Penn
sylvania. Captain Lodge captured
the dog and tamed him. For years.
Foxy, grown from a wild puppy
into a "dignified citlten," has bees
a familiar sight racing along for
his exercise at the side at the Lodge
Shew Motherly Trails.
Motherly instincts prevail among
the queens of the canine world, the
Gaines survey discloses.
From Mrs. B. J. Blackburn ad
Roseville, Mich., came a picture ad
her sporty-looking purebred wire
ox terrier, ACfHia
Wire Girl (Acie), nam
12 years of age and
?till svelte of figve.
tcie has (rmoced M
itters at piwhs and
-aised all of them.
n?n offspring, she has
mAlh#r nn thru ?C.
ferent occasions for other doc moth
ers who were unable to care tar all
their puppies. This super-mother.
Mrs. Blackburn reports, still ha*
perfect teeth, hearinc and eyi iHht
Fred Oertel of Keokuk. Itnra. re
lates that his white female spits.
Midgie. had a litter of three healthy
puppies in May, IMC, when she
was 16 years old. On ether occa
91UII3 W UCU SUC IMS
had do puppies ot her
own, Midgie has
mothered a litter at
white rats, some
chickens, another ,
dog's (our puppies
and at still another
ume simultaneously nurseu a puppy
and a kitten.
Numerous owners reported 1C and
17-year-old dogs who are letuasn^
to act their age by ratting, -^-"-g
cats and picking fights wth other
dogs. One bewildered owner re
marks of her 18-year-old terrier.
"She plays and rolls on her beck,
chases cats and chickens and be
haves disgracefully in general. Per
haps she is in her second puppy
Crooks Specialize in Big' Jobs-Even Houses
Thieve* operated in a big way
during the past year, the crop of
crook* finding few job* too hazard
ous to handle.
In the line of big job*, the San
Fernando, Calif., valley thief prob
ably rate* the year'* laurels. Un
doubtedly cognizant of the housing ,
shortage, that enterprising thief t
stole a three-room house.
A close second was the light-fin- j
gered but strong-backed thief who ,
stole a country schoolhous* at Ques
nel, British Columbia.
There may have been a reason .
for stealing living accommodations .
?but no one can figure out what
even a thief wanted with a road
grader, complete with 12-foot blade.
However, when one was left un
guarded a few weeks near Van
couver, Wash., it disappeared.
Not only the outside jobs proved .
1 big, however. In Boston, a thief .
carefully rigged up a block and '
I tackle to steal a piano from a third
floor apartment. The piano probably
was out of tune; police recovered it
later in a pawnshop.
Efficiency is the keynote in the
burglary realm, it seems. An enter
prising second story man out In San
Bernardino, Calif., rigged up a la
bor-saving electric hoist to steal a
A eenpie ef bsMep artist, ta
Washington, D. C., get edt sttk
the right feet It M dividends, tl
to*, far tka loot rswtsiaed U.WZ. o
These boys held ay ? ?! legged d
man and grabbed his artidelal
let, which ha had heea nsing
as a private bank.
Bandits in Newark, N. J., are a
lervy lot. Witness the case where
wo operators robbed a man of all
lis cash. A few minutes later, after
t started to rain, they returned
ind demanded an umbrella. 0
The clothing shortage probably v
aaa as acuta in some localities as f
he housing shortage. That may I
lava prompted a Nashville, Tetm., [
iief to steal a rnackinaw, two pair*
f boys overalls and a down or as
iapers from a parked car.
Only mo piece at leet pseved
"tee hat te haadte." la Chaft
Unoaca, Teas., a CkW trekked
a package freat a parked ear. i
dropped it aad ran. Ike peek
tioa, seatelard a BiMe. 1
Some thieves still have a sane*
f decency although one tat Potta
rille, Pa., had a warped aenaa at
iro portion. He stole an automobile,
nit left the owner a bicycle fet lis
Caravan To Follow Mormon Trek
SALT LAKE CITY. ? Retracing
the route of Brigham Young and
the flret band of Mormon pioneers
lust 100 years ago, a caravan at 43
canvas-topped motor cars will carry
143 men, 3 women and 3 children
half way across the United States.
The journey, extending from Illi
nois to Utah, will be one of the 00
major events which Utah residents
have planned as attractions for the
Beehive state's centennial celebra
Starting at Nanvoo, HL, July 14,
the automobiles will Journey 1,500
jnUae to Belt Lake City, following
as closely as possible the route tra
versed by the original Mormon set
Each night the 1M7 "covered wag
ons" will draw up in a circle at the
site of one of the camping spots
where In 1M? the original MS
sought shelter. Plana call for
caravan to reach Salt Lake City
Prime objectives for the trek, as
weU^Jo^U* entire year of