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0 / 75
r ' J I NORTH CAROLINA FRIFGU0 J
ftORIH CARQUKA FGRIFGUO
i TBI tILT
NATIONAL QRFXNPACt rArXR
i : norhi Carolina.
J1MES W. ALBRIGHT
A.T 01-Mi PER TM1A.IL,
Payable invariably La Advanoe.
" ' Greenbickcrs Sustain Your
fST HnWred at Use Poetoffloe In Greensboro,
X. C, as reeond Um matter.
GREENSBORO, N. C, TUESDAY, JUNE 8, I860.
NO. 35. I Home Paper.
, i i
ttood-bye, Sweetheart, Good-Bje.
"Good-bye,' said he, in husky tones;
'Good-bye,' aaid she, mnob flurried
The dog kept knowing at the bonea,
And still the cat it purred.
Good-bye,' said he, and rose to go,
'Good-bye,' said she quite wicked
The ehair kept rooking to and fro,
( And etill the clock it ticked.
'Good-bye,' said he, upon the still;
'Good-bye,' said she and sobbed
The moon kept Bhining on the hill, -And
atill the dew it dropped,
'Good-trye,' said he across thegate;
'Good-tye, said she, dismayed
The world kept rushing to its fate,
And etill the booby stayed.
'Good-bye,' said he 'for ever more';
'Good-bye,' said she, affected
The youth kept books and 'tended store,
And still her dad objected.
uood-bye, v- then came an ounce of lead;
Qood-bye,' He was rejected;
Alas! he kept for weeks in bed.
And died atill much suspected.
" Ain't it strange?" said Poliy.
The mellow gold of the summer after
noon lay like a veil over the artist's
characteristically untidy studio; the
tall red hollyhocks reared their crests
at the window, and a cat-bird was
whistling sweetly in the branches of
the Canada plum tree beyond.
Mr. Edgett, the artist, had gone on a.
sketching tour, and Mrs. Molua, the
landlady, had promptly availed herself
of the opportunity to " clean up things
a bit" a process which was systemati
cally frowned-down by Mr. Edgett,
when in possession of the premises.
Polly was a rubicund-faced, red
armed girl of twelve, awkward and
clumsy in the extremcst degree but
she was, as Mrs. Molus expressed it,
"a regular spider to work."
"There ain't any grown girls," said
the landlady, " as you'll get more work
cat of than you will out of Polly."
And as she scrubbed away at the
floor, her fascinated gaze involuntarily
riveted itself upon a half-completed
sketch of a woman's head upon the
easel a spirited thing, with wild, backward-flowing
hair, eyes fall of red,
savage light, and firm lips apart.
"Wherever I go, and whichever way
I turn," said Polly, in despair, "they
follow me them eyes ! The thing ain't
alive, be it?"
"That is high art, Polly." said r
grave voice, close to her elbow.
pail in the stait produced by seeing Mr.
Edgett himself, portfolio, portable
easel, furled umbrella, and all, strapped
across his shoulders.
He had found the summer meadow
too hot, and had returned belore the ex
pected time. ,
" What are you doing?" he demanded,
"Please, sir, I'm a-scrubb:n" said
Polly, rising clumsily to her feet, and
dropping a stiff bob of a courtesy.
"Missis she said "
" Your missis is a fool, Polly!" crisply
spoke up the artist, "and you are an
other." "Please, sir, that's what they always
Eaid at the workhouse," said Polly,
"Hut, nevertheless," encouraginely
added Mr. Edgett, "you are a tood
judge of art. The eyes follow you, do
And with a shudder. Polly admitted
that they did.
"That woman, Polly," 6aid the artist.
laying down his portfolio, "is Medea."
"Didn't never live hereabouts, did
Bhe?" said Polly, curiously.
.No; she murdered her children
ome centuries ago did Medea."
Polly stared hgrder than ever, in un
" I hope they gave her a good, round
turn m jail," aaid she. " I likes little
children I does. If I'd all the money
1 wanted "
"Well?" said Mr. Editt
"I'd build a great, big house, and
I'd take in all the orflings and work'us
children, and them as boasted no home,
The shrill voice of Mrs. Molus inter
posed at this juncture, and Polly'
Chateau en Espaene tumbled into
Mr. .fcdgett was a great artist, un
doubtedly, but somehow his pictures
did hot sell. And before the glossy
green of the maple leaves in front of the
house had turned to scarlet, Mrs. Molus
informed him with considerable ani
mus that " there was other parties wait
: ing for the room, as could be depended
on, and she'd trouble him to move out
his things afore.nightfall."
Mr. Edgett looked at his lean-jawed
landlady with a troubled, lazy gaze.'
" Would you mind waiting a week,
Mrs. Molus?" said he. "I I do not
" eel exactly well, and "
"I should mind it very much." Mrs
Molus acrimoniously answered. "I
think I mentioned as the rooms was let,
and I must beg you to clear out right
So, Mr. Edgett, with throbbing pains
in his head, and a sick, dizzy sensation
at every movement, packed his lew mill
boards and color-tubes, and started
,! am sorry that I must leave here in
your debt, Mrs. Molus," he said, cour
am sorrv. too!" snapped the dame,
with her thin lips viciously compressed.
But I hope soon to hear from my
uncle in England, and settle all liabili
"Fine words butter no parsneDS.
said the landlady, reouncing oacx into
the house, like an attenuated india-rub
Mr. Edgett walked slowly and pain
fully along, until he reached a sweet-
smelling pine copse, where the shadows
lay dense and deep, and the sound of a
hidden waterfall filled the air with ten
'There's an old deserted mill here
somewhere," he said to himself, " I
know, because 1 sketched it, one
showery day last June. It is cool cool
and shady with the noise of dripping
water in one's ears, and I can rest there,
without fear of let or hindrance."
Twenty-four hours afterward, little
Polly, all dust and pallor, came into the
drug store in the village.
"Come, then, what's wanting?" said
the pert assistant, who wore a papr
collar and an imitation gold watch
" Wot's good for 'eadache?" demanded
Polly, "and fever? and lightheaded
ness? I've got ten cents here, and "
"Come, girl, clear out of here!" said
the assistant, superciliously. " We
don't want any tramps around."
"I ain't a tramp!" said Polly, with
tears in her eyes and a lump in her
throat. "And I want ten cents' worth
of what's good for "
" Where is the case?" demanded the
druggist himself, a shrewd, bald-headed
And Poily led him to the deserted mill
in the pine woods.where Eustace Edgett
lay, tossing in delirium.
"Child, "said he. "doyou know what
is the matter with this man?"
Polly shook her head, with her apron
to her eyes.
I know he's sick," said she, " and
hasn't no one to nuss him but me. Jle
knows me, he do and he says, ' Polly,
you ain't such a fool, arter all.' He was
bind to me, an' he give me a ten-cent
piece once no one ever did afore and
I took it to buy medicine, I did!"
" Has he no friends?"
"Not as I knows on."
He must be removed to a hospital
at once," said the Scotchman. " He is
ill of variola in other words, small-
He mustn't never be took nowhere
where I can't take care of him !" howled
roily; " for he was good to me!"
When Eustace Edgett's life-bark
drifted back again to the shores of con
sciousness, two facts met him, face to
tace. One was the certainty that his
life was owinj to Polly's faithful care;
the other was a black-edged letter from
England, briefly stating the demise of
-few unolc, mad ettrVy eoMtaTTIiaTlii
him upon succession to ample wealth.
"Polly!" Baid the artist, lifting his
heavy eyes to the place where his faith
ful, red-armed little nurse sat darning
stockings, by the window.
"Sir!" said Polly.
" I'm a rich man at last," said Mr.
"Is you, sir?" said Polly, moment
arily fearful that the delirium had re
turned. " You shall have your Utopia," said
"Sir!" said Polly.
"The big house, you know," ex
plained the artist, "for the homeless
children. And we'll call it'Edirett's
Thanks.' In the meantime. Poll v. von
shall go to school."
But I don't want tc go to school,"
said rebellious Polly. I don't need no
book-learning to take care of the chil
" But you know, Polly," urged Edgett,
the house can't be built all in a day!
It will take years and years. For Ed-
gett's Thanks must be worthy of its oc
casion. And you ve got to stav some
where in the meantime; so boarding-
school is the place for you. Polly."
Eustace Edgett went to England to
assume the mantle of his own responsi
bilities. Polly retired relcclrtly enough,
to a school where " young ladies of de
fective education " were especially
fostered ; and the huge, red brick walls
of Edgett's Thanks reared themselves.
by slow degress, as near as possible to
the spot where its endower had lain
under the roof of the deserted mill,
fighting for bis life. And in ten years
he came back again.
The playground was musical with the
merry voices of little children. A tall,
fair-haired' young lady stood in their
midst, her flaxen curls blown about, her
eyes shining like blue start,, with a close-
fitting dress of deep, blue serge, outlined
the prettiest of figures.
Involuntarily Eustace Edgett raised
" I beg your pardon, ma'am," said he ;
" but is there a girl by the name of, Pody
"lam -onyP sue cried, blushing
to the very roots of her golden
hair. "Oh, Mr. Edgett, didn't you
know me? I should have known you in
China or Japan !"
The artist stared at the willowy
figure, the soft, shy eyes, the air of
" Polly turned into a princess !" cried
he. "Well, I'm ready to believe any
Miss Browning held out her slender
" Welcome to Edgett's Thanks," said
she, with quiet dignity "Will you
walk over the buildings now?"
Of course he didn't go back to Eng
land, and of course he married pretty
Polly, and of course they both live at
Edgett's Thanks, with a family of three
or four hundred little children. And
Polly is radiantly happy and so is her
For what greater bliss can there be in
this world than to do good and to love?
A Senagerle Lion's iiinnei.
One of the most attractive places out
-it the Zoo is the !ion house, not far
from the main entrance. One of the
most favorable moments to visit this lion
house is four o'clock in the afternoon, as
the lion, tigers, cougars, panther, leo
pards and hyenas are given their dinner
at that time ol the day. They are gif en
one meal a day only. " Poor fellows!"
perhaps you may exclaim, but it must be
remembered tliat in their native wilds
these flesh-eating beasts go without fod
forseveial d.-iys. It is a very interesting
sight to see this four o'clock dinner. As
early as three o clock visitors begin to
crowd into the promenade in front of the
row of cages and by the time the keeper
brings out his buckets the house is well
filled. Of course the animals know that
dinner-time is approaching. They pare
up and down their cages with uneasy
steps, the lions roar and the tigers grow 1.
showing very plainly that they are hun
gry. Every now and then a little boy
will go close up to the lion's cage, bu
will leap away again in an instant, for
the terrific roar that makes the floor
shake frightens Johnny out of his shoes.
When the keeper appears with a bucket
full of meat "Commodore Lawrence."
the birgest of th' panthers, bounds
around the sides of his cage like a cat,
for, as nis cage is nearest the provision
house door, he gets t be first food. Hav
ing received his big " hunk." as the
keeper calls it. the '.commodore eats away
with great relish. The tigers are al
most wild with delight when their
cages are reached. Perhaps the most
interesting part of the sport, however,
is the feeding of the male lionf Noble
fellow that he is! Here comes the
keeper ; now look close and see what the
lion is doing! There he stands, on his
haunches, with his head toward the
great crowd. His mane stands out like
the shaggy whiskers on Uncle Sam's
chin. His eyes, fastened upon the
keeper, gleam with pleasure. Now,
reatly, isn't that a smile stealing over
his face, making his beard twitch and
his ears point forward? It looks very
much like it anyhow, and if thai isn't a
lion's smile, then no lion ever did smile.
He is not as impatient as the other ani
mals, though he shows that he is hun
gry. He has a native dignity about
him that every one must admire. See,
the keeper approaches with a piece of
beef horse beef weighing fifteen
pounds, on the end of a pole. The
keeper holds the beef up over the lion's
head and close to the cage. Now is the
most delightful moment. "Just look!"
"How nice!" " Dear old boy !" may be
heard on every side, and the crowd
surges up against the iron rail. Still the
keeper holds the beef up above the lion's
head. The lion looks up at it with a
" please-do-drop-in-my-mouth " expres
sion. His paws are crossed and his
head elevated. Suddenly the keeper
thrusts the beef between the bars, the
lion seizes it and with a "thank you"
look begins to eat as quietly as any good
litttle girl in the United States. Phila
Tillage Improvement Societies.
In hi repon. lately ffn"ir Colons
Wright, chief of the bureau of statistics
of labor, gives some interesting state
ments concerning the work of village
improvement societies in Massachusetts,
of which the Laurel Hill association
located at otockbridge, is the parn.
The object of this society, as set forth in
their by-laws, is to improve and orna
ment the streets and public grounds of
Stockbridge. by planting and cultivating
trees, cleaning and repairing the side
walks, and doing su eh other acts as shall
tend to beauty and improve said streets
and grounds. Its work has been the
subject .of many newspaper articles, and
its example has been the incentive for
the formation of many similar associa
tions in different puts of the country.
During its existence it has expended
$4,000 in carrying forward its work.
Elanted more than 1,600 trees and
edges, and built miles of sidewalks,
From the returns made to Colonel
Wright's bureau, it appears that ?16 of
the 325 towns in Massachusetts report
the existence of twenty-eight village
improvement societies, having a mem
bership of 495. Instances of some of
'.he work performed by these societies
are given, to show in what directions
their efforts have been employed: In
Williamstown a hundred street have
been put in order, trees planted, and
the village lighted. In Danvers the
village common baa been fenced and
man trees planted. The society In
Shelburn has made sidewalks, planted
trees, and lighted the streets. In Long
meadow, tree culture has been encour
aged, borders cut and trimmed, and
sidewalks repaired. In Westfield a
street six rods wide and over three
miles long, has been laid out and lined
with trees. In Carlisle the cemetery
has been beautified. The "Field and
Garden club," of Lexington, has fenced
many vacant lots. In Stow 180 maple
trees have been planted. In Pepperell
trees have been planted, lights put op,
and courses of lectures have been de
livered. The organization of these societies is
a very simple affair, as 'the less ma
chinery and formality to them, the
easier they are organised and the better
they do their work. N. E. Farmer.
The Child In the Basket.
One day a mother wbo bad been to a
country house near Marseilles returned
with her ron to Marseilles. It was
twilight. The child, eight years old,
had been put into a peach basket
borne by a donkey, and the mother,
fearing the child might catch cold (it
was in November), had covered the boy
with a thick brown shawl. Tired of
running around the country all day,
cozy and warm under the thick shawl,
the child was soon asleep and hidden
by the sides of the basket. Althougu
the city gates were reared (there is a
local custom house at the gates of Mar
seilles), the mother, forgetting all about
the child, walked a distance behind the
donkey and did not make him stop at
the custom house to be searched. The
customs officer seeing the donkey jog
on without stopping, suspected he was
laden with smuggled goods, and ran
after him to thrust his sharp steel probe
through the basket. Luckily the
mother observed him, ran forward anr
screamed : ' ' Don't use your probe I My
child is in that basket. Mv child is in
that basket 1" The child was Adolphe
Thiers, who became in later years
president of the French republic.
There is a negro women in E manual
county, Ga., known as Hannah Bonn-
tree, who, was a grandmother at the age
of 26 years. She gave birth to a gir.
when only 13 years old, and the dangh
ter, when about that iags, became a
8 A3 MABI.10.
fttes t Tm 1.SOO Taw new
tt l Sever lie Suaslatlnir
Tatrtjr MJ A KaUa vriUkewt a
La Republic dl San Marino, the
roots of whose history run down to the
days of Charlemagne, lies about twelve
miles southwest from Rimini, and
about four miles from the shores of the
Adriatic, in Italy. A correspondent
The republic proper stretches over a
terri'ory seventeen miles long and about
half thai width, and has a population,
all told, of about 6,000 people, the cap
ital, where we were, having about 9U)
of them. They were governed by a
council of sixty, which Ls close Corpo
ration, nominally composed of twenty
princes, twenty of the middle class, and
twenty of the pessaat class, but in
point of fart, as I afterward learned
and. imdeed. as migh: be Inferred from
the fact that they themselves filled all
vacancies, and the people had no more
to do with the choios of the members of
congress all were nobles and if you
were to address one otherwise than as
"nobiiiseimo," you had better not have
addressed him at alL I gathered that
the real distinction was that twenty
were taken from the landed gentry,
twenty from the town gentry, and
twenty promiscuously from any part of
This council, independent of all hu
man control from above or below, elects
two executive officers, who are called
captains-regent; it designates ail execu
tive committees, imposes taxes in fart,
conducts the government. The regents
receive no pay another evidence that
San Marino is not a republic, after els
Atrantic ideas at any rate.
My readers are doubtless already im
patient to know something of the army,
which for 1,300 years has defied the man
ifold elements of disorder that have been
fatal to so many dynasties and dismem
bered so many larger and more popu
lous territories in Europe. The mili
tary defense, then, of the republic of San
Marino is committed to a regular army
of thirty men. who are supposed to be
always ready to respond to the call of
honor or of patriotism.
A police consisting of five or six per
sons protects the property of the terri
tory, and gives peaceful slumbers to iu
honest burghers In emergencies the
militia of the country may b called in
aid of its unconquered legions. They
have two judges, who are, however, re
quired by law to be taken from without
the territory, and are changed every
three years. But all cases of appeal are
decided bv the court of causation, or
review, in the neighboring cities of Bol
ogna. Padua, Turin or wherever that
tribunal may chance to be sitting at the
The currency in use among Ihem.also,
is that of the Italian government. They
had once some sous coined, the equiva
lent in value of our cent mv host at the
inn gave me two or three of them; but
they were not coined in the republic.
Their number was very restricted, and
thrr u ruely to t aat wtUi exery
in the collections of numismatists.
It is certainly one of the eccentricities
which distinguish San Marino from all
other countries that it puts lu litigation
out, as some f ami lies put out their wash
ing, and trades exclusively with the cur
rency of foreign states. The country
which buys and sells with a currency
over which It has no control, and sub
mits its differences to foreign tribunals
for adjustment, gives pretty heavy bonds
to keep the peace with Its neighbors,
whatever be the title It gives to its form
The expenses of their government will
notsoetn large to an American. They
never exceed 25.000 francs say $5,000
army, navy, postofflce, education,
prisons, police, diplomatic service, rep
resentation, all included. The revenue
is raised out of the profits realised by
the government from the purchase of
some 600.000 pounds of tobacco in the
leaf, which it manufactures to sell at a
small advance; from the sale of about
800 sacks of salt, andatriSing stamp tax
of three cents on notarial, judicial and
other legal documents.
The health of the republic is looked
after by one physician and one surgeon
employed by the state, who are required
tp attend and prescribe for aa who send
for them, but who axe not expected to
resent the offer of a gratuity from those
who can afford to pay for their advice.
These functionaries receive $500 a year
each from the state. The judges re
ceive the same. San Marino has not
only never been afflicted with a news
paper but no printing preas lias ever
stood upon Its territory. This is a lim
itation upon its capacity for manufac
turing money which distinguishes it
more Uian anything else from republics
of lesser longevity.
Btatsr er the Japanese.
Mrs. Chaplin Ayrton. M. I)., has re
cently published the results of nearly
three hundred observations of the height
and span of the Japanese. She found
the average height to be five feet three
inches, and the span four feet eleven in
ches In the case of twenty -four women,
taken at random, the tallest was a trifle
over five fet two inches, and the aver
age was tour feet eight inches, with an
average span of four feet six inches.
The shortness of the span as compared
with the height is a general character
istic that is especially marked in the case
of the women. Sixty per cent, of the
persons measured had the span less than
the height, and thirty-three percent.
f eater than the height, while in only
8 per cent, were the height and span
equaL Climate can hardly be made to
account satisfactorily for the smallneas
of the Japanese, for they live in a tem
perate region, though it is subject to
sudden and marked changes. The gen
eral use of charcoal braziers for heating
may have something to do with it by
causingthem to inhale the carbonlo ox
ides. The characteristic of their food is
the rarity of meat aad the abundance of
salt. Many of the additional causes of
the smallneas of the Japanese may be so
remote as to cease to effect the nation
except by hereditary influence. Fbflar
A liquid called N a boll has been in
vented, which is said to render dental
operations entirely pataleas. It is only
necessary to apply it to the tooth to be
operated upon to produce) enure insen
sibility to pain while the tooth is being
extracted or filled. Its influence does
not extend beyond the tooth to wnioo it
is applied, and no danger can flow from
Way Tsiac l-fclle-rea Read Tra,'
Mr. Charles Dudley Warner discuss
Ing the question of children's rmdiag
in the Christian Cmxon cm! Is attention to
the comparatively small number of per
sons, even la this country, who read.
" We boast," he says. " about the circu
lation of our newspapers. The best of
them are dairsssarvelsof news, o fin for
mation, of CMcellaneous reading, of en
tertainment of all sorts. They are the
cheapest things manufactured in modern
days. Considering the capital In brains,
industry and money put into every
num wr, wiry are at I lit IT price Uie wofc
der of our eirilisatioe. And yet the
most wonderful thing about theta to rse
is the smalLnss of their circulation corn
oared to the population. Take such a
center as NVw York, with a compact
population of nearly two millions, sad
radiating lines of quick dlstriboUon
thai enable the newspapers within a
few hours to reach mil Hons more, asd
set against this the actual circulation of
the three or four commanding rournals.
It is a mere bagatelle. ;
"Still there are many newspaper?
and a large proportion of the popalaUtJn
sees one every day that U. of the city
population; bat the number of people
who master the contents of a daily
newspaper Is not large. Readers pick
out of them the Items of business ot
amusement or politics that interest
them. And it U hardly flr to credit
our penole with the hahiuf riding b
cause they g'juire at the daily news
papers, or beaue In the coumrv th7
are in the habit of spread ins the excel
lent weeklies over their facn m ap
the flies from disturbing their Sunday
nap. I believe that t.':e maturity ol busi
ness men read a took very rare.y ; Uie
majority of young men in business and
in society I fancy read little they dp
not gire their evenings to reading, and
are not apt to take up a book units ft
becomes the talk or aoriety. People who
pnd a great deal of money on dress, on
dinners, on amusements, would think K
rxiraragant to buy a bock, and if one is
.-ommendrd to them they will wait till
they can borrow it or get it from the
library. They donothesitate two min
ul's afiout an ordinary, two-dollar dirv
ni r. but they will wait months to bor
row a fifty-cmt book.
He concludes that " one of the reasons
why the young who read at all read
nothing but trash, as they are said to
do. is beeaus thrir parents, or older
perrons about there, either have not the
Imbit ofnading or theT also read lrh.
In such households as I haTe described,
where the elders go about dr Urine that
there is nothing to read, the child r-
ratch the tone and think there is nob
ir.g to read that Is, nothing except the
itt story-book or the picture-pa pT,
In a lower strata of society, wh-re the
mother has neither lime nor inclination
lo read anrthtng. and the father pores
er the Foltee OazclU it is quite natural
(hat his son sliouid lake the flny'g then
lory-paper about rufl'ians and burglars.
The short of It is that the rnildri-n f
'his country follow tblr elders. And I
upert that the vast majority of prop'
vire little for read i eg. except as It lur
niahes I hern a smailrrinr of vc
"itcj mem a temporary excitement.
TTlls mil ta tke Black mils,
A correspondent, wnting from the
Black Hills country to the Chicago
Western Bvral. savs : We will begin with
the strawberry, by asyinc that they art
found here in liberal abundance, the
quality being a little above the common
wild strawberry In the Western Stales.
Then the grape comes In about the same
proportions. Tuev are or tic same va
riety as those of the West, with a
noticeable prolific vigor a little in ad
vance of those of the State. The wiid
plum Is very common in the foothills,
and of several varieties. The Oregon
grape is very abundant in the mountains
and some places in Uie foohii'. It is a
small plant or shrub not much larger,
than a strawberry plant, the roots birg
much larger than the top. It holds its
leaves In winter the same as rrerrtwru ,
It is not prised so hlghlv for its ft uiu as
for its medicinal qusiitirs. The nutsj
when steeped in water, yield a toti
which. Iboucb verybittej. iipownlu'.'.ji
invigorating. The June-berry is quit
common though not abundant- Ilrmw
on a shrub from one to four inchr Mth.
is about the same else as the gooseberry.
is black wbm fully ripe and very plu
able. We have two kind of current.;
the black and the clove currant. Tl-(
I believe are only found in the valjs
among the foothills. The gnwrx-rrv i
very common, embracing thr-e vari.
ties, the leading one bring exnl th
aame as was introduml thmnclrout t!
Western Slates twenty years o U rul-;
ti ration and which peov-d a urrcvl
The only disparagement thai 1 know a
to growing tame fruits here U that'
the apple la not reprrvenled in it wiid
stale ( that Is the rah apple. )
There are several oun-r vri-ii r.f
fruits in a small way that I shall ru-t'
mention now, hut Uie crowning tui ol
this region is the raspberr) and buJK
bemr. The raspberry l very abar.d-.nt
and of the finest ouality. tuperior to any .
thing of IU kind that I have rvrr r,u,
under cultivation. The vine l a moder
ately fair grower, the rw-rrv red. of fine:
flavor and uncommonly large. Although;
they are pleaateous and free lor all. yrt
we have known pickers earning from
three to four dollars per day gathering
them for the market. Then comes the
buffalo berry. Perhaps you think be i
going to be a lusty feilow. but I ran
best describe it by saying It Is In siac.
shape, color and appearance (when
gathered) nearly exactly the same as Uie
common rid currant. It crows on a
bush or shrub. Is in sis and appearance
very much like the crab apple, which
begins to bear at three years old. and re
mains in bearing for eoaay yars. The
berries are of fine flavor, very aseiduoue
aad excel the red currant for table n.
They art a very prolific bearer. A bush
not larger thaa an ordinary wild crab
apple bush will yield from two to six
quarts of these berries.
A pretty good ioke is told at the ex
pense of two limbs of the law who are
well-known in Seneca county. They
were out carriage rid ing a few days ago,
and on the road overhauled a farmer
who was driving a four-horse team,
three horses of which were a little the
worse looking by reason of hard work.
Thinking to have some fan with the
honest tiller of the soil. Uiey jokingly
inquired of him why one of bis horses
was so fat ana the other three so poor.
The granger, who was acquainted with
Uis Irgal lights, quickly replied that the
fat horse was a lawyer and the others
his clients. The d lent pies of B lac ksioo
drove on. WaUrloo Ctterrper.
Mat 23 Mr. El. fro a Lbs eota
milie on forvgn relations, reported a
joint resolntion looking to a removal of
the rsstneUons oa the iaporUUon of
tobaono into certain foreign eco&triee.
and seeariog Amvo ertiaens an opeo
market for lbs asms. A bill was pd
authorising the bonds of manafaftarers
of tobvo, icnff exx! ngm. exporting
the same, to be raoelli at lbs port ol
clearance. Tho Shoe's -loarni ooUl
Monday, to-day beag Federal de-ora-tion
Mat 20. Set ae not to se-sioo.
Mat 31. A bill to remove lbs Penes.
Indiaaa to their Dakota reservation was
favorably reported. The resoIaLtro re-
J nesting 'he President to ceeousu with
racce. 8 pain, Aalru at-i Italy for Ins
removal of restrictions oa tobe tes
portatioos was paased. Hows bill
spproprtaUcg llOO.Ono for ths eveto
of a Docaoegl at Tori town. Vs., sad
130.000 for tbw omUnbUl eeisbrataosj
there was diem! and pesn L ewswrsJ
amendmeati lto re j - J. Pewdis
ton's rvsolotioa ta rgrd n Lb f isaoeal
of Censss 8opr..r W fciUt, of rViis
delphia, was sdop4sL Tbs LMatrirt
a r propria! ir n eotilrretos was rmneisl'
The bill anlLcniix.g a nasapriMaass-sl
claim of I be goverBtaewt la wili
of J. L. Lewis, wbo brimeatWJ f 1.0O0L
000 for the psymeet of Um astiusial !,
Jci 1. Mr. Bayard reports! favor
ably lbs bill for the relW of B Row
felt A Co. Mr. Year pr-enUd Us rs-
port of the Exodoe Cossaitaeev sad Mr.
Windom snntunred that a saiaotity
report woukl n snbmr.teJ. D.II la
rreseing the Ilevolar-ouery reneioo of
Abigail H. Til tern. 90. was ras.l. Mo
tions to take op the New Totk Central
stock tax r e, asd coctmae the Wallscs
E ectien Prao l CJStciUe wers hoj
over, and the River and Harbor Arpro-
pnat.oo bill was taken nr. Tte Sta'e
amendments tnr the flon appro
priations from W 2 U.C to fa f34 00.
and most rf theta were agreed In. in
eluiicg the Ar.tspo.Ls sartor aaeoJ
mcct Th redoruon f r-xa fcj.OtO to
83.IO0 for Onanoock. Vs. was not
agreed to. an 1 the bhecaadah nver
eppr-Tristioo was icrrvseed from $5,000
I) f Ij.ULsj: A r!w was inserted di
rrctmg the Secretary of War to let oat
work t-y contract wtre be tbonght it
advisable; another, proridicg tut a sor
vey to av 1 1:& wbeber 'die headwaters
of I tie ravar nva and Tecteasco rivers
might not be fitt -c'.fi by a canal.
Pending lbte on eitecs re ic prove
saetla of Htvasnah harbor, the Sandry
Civil bill was received fra the Hooe
sod referred. AtsecC&U k the Leg
iaiativs till were insisted on. aad a coc
fcruew eorarai'te appointed.
Jct 2 Th minority rerort cn lbs
Tones ca wav submitted by Kt. Kirk
1. It Mtce "b th Cnlisgs c
the majority, bat iir t tjun the re-
vatton. Mr. rVodJtoa cffrd reaola
lions asking the joJ c-ary rocnrailtee to
investigate tte rootitnUo&aIjly of
sUln'e gintg de fct;e prwer i to
Uui!eJ Stales or-t.ol over Aoetieaa
citisena bbro-el. C csderatMa of the
river sol fcerlor bill tw reoao'vl. The
Scendt3&t to iteree tb apprrns
t:on for Savannah fnta f.O"! to $100,
OY) wss lest. Mr. Kercao as: J t- ni
so l harbor bills bad ioarJ nearly
VO pee ent. vntbtn tea yar, an I h
ebonld vote eaict the b.ll A4 es'-jere-genU
Ataeo.ltn't.l rdorig lb al
appro; nation to ?S 015. (XO and 4.5i)..
000 were tejed. The b ll waa lh-n
report! lo the rVcete. td pd as
emend!. A eotctsnc tcaioq ftrta lbs
Hornlirt of War nrgrd the appro jr-s
t on of feTO.OfO to pay Uod Cleat led
roada for trau.pof ttKn tnrr
Jr 3. In the Srrate lie KV.00
tariff cvntuiatoo bill wa!hn Lkeo np.
Mr Krnn epoke in favor of the bill,
and Mr. Ccke in favor of the OarlanJ
anbstitnte. A U xg general tariff dleens-
ioo etned. An emrndcer.t encoding
the lnvesl:galoo to the eyUo of
ehergee od fe wa adopt!. Another
including the m Ureal reecn lw
rejected. The Oerlaod ata-tdect m
rvjreted. Bevrral ameodoeets to the
Eaton V ill wer then rejected aad the
bill ieed. The romistasioo ia lo re
port In Ja&nary, 141. No;r was
given that the Kellogg rewoloUoce
would be called op to-day.
Mat 23, The sutJry civ.l sppropn
alma bill was paoJ, alter titg
amended. On of tbe er:etK!Dnta in
proptiales 70.0tO lor the fwytse&t of
marshals ani their general drpnUe
eieert for the servicfs of tbe letlT rec
dered al elections. The Hone also ad-
foamed n&Ul Monday.
Mat 23. Fionas not ia v.
Mat 31. Mr. Ilecry, of MarvUnd,
introduced a resolnUoo calling oa lbs
Becretary of the interior for ttfortnaJtoQ
as to whether Uie reooirecDest of Uie
eenans law that enumerator shall be
chosen wit boat recsrd lo rrty aSlia
tion. had been adberod to in lbs (Wood
census district of Maryland. The gen
era! deficieoey Approoenatioo bdl was
referred to the cootnttUe of Ins whole.
Consideration of the civil sandry bill
was resumed, the previous onesUoa
having been ordered. About City pairs
was aanoanoed oo the first vote. The
clause appropriating f 100,000 tot suita
ble MmamaJitioa for tbe storage of
silver coin was struck oat, sn 1 Djwney'e
amendment that the earn appropriated
by Uie act be raid in ewvtr coin i
agreed to. The 120,000 amendment
for the pay of marshals and Ihetr gene
ral dtpntiea, except for elertioo dsy
porpoaes, was fcgreo to, and In bt.I
passed. Henete smendoe&ts to the
agricultural and leg -a! all rs appropne-
Uoq biua was noo -concurred ta.
Jnrs 1. The mornicg boar was dis
pensed with, and the Hooae went into
eocsmittee for a two boars discnssioo
of Uie Geneve! Deflaeoey bdl. s&d Mr
Reagan spoke st lessgtn oo his later
state Commerce bill, and wss repUsd lo
by Mr. II eodersoa. Mr. IIott also made
a speech. The bill was then read by
sertAons. An amendment appropriat
ing r25,000 to Uie dsaghter and grand
daughter of Z ten truth Taykr
adopted. A clause appropriating t"l5
000 to pey for the storage of silver oma
was street oo, alter a long deoaie oa
Uie silver enrreoey qnesUoe. No far
ther action was taken, ben ale aaead-
cnta to the Torktown Mocaaot ball
were eocUTd in.
JcTts X The llonse at aoee, poa
bung, went t&lo coositlee on the
general deficiency till, aad many ImoJ-
ta were offered to provide ways try
wbtrb aalver eotn ahoaVd be foerd is to
rirmUUon, bat they vr ruled oat
oa points of order. Fir all t. mOCO
was appropi la ted lo provide more secure
nu, u eeeu oe, additional vault roots
or cua and bolhoe. Mr. ChiUendea
ceiled ettecUoo to the fact thai arotd
sotn ie tbe tresenry bad decreased f IV
aO.OTC a three nvoalhs, sod predicted
that ty December silver vootl be the
only emn in the coat try. S30.CCO was
voted for rasps and iUnstreiioce of sur
veys, aad r.iX) for Uie dettko of vie-
la tors of Uie internal revenne lees, A
to sinks oat tbe proviaoa for
tbe avosi payment of election -day see ikes
of dj-paty marshals wse tweeted. tl?-5.-000
wss voted to tT todnw of Uie
Uailed States Court of ds ns. Tbe
bill, with asaee Jmrata, war tbea re
surted to the n ae, tbe ras a oawton
wedeset. esl tbe Ho see txi?araed.
J errs a. Tbe Hooee peseed s reeola-
tsosj fee fUal edkmrtmeat Joss lO'-h.
A resefatiosi ar croon alia 3Q.0OO for
aaset to saark tbe Lirtbrlaos cl
Vsebiagtoa wee agreed tx Tbe gene
ral eeaVasxy bill was pa. eJ as reported .
by lse ones settles of tbe wboie. The
is pest ef tbe ledietery eotaesittee exoo-
sssUsg Mr. AekWa from fraodalect in
vest ia pe eating a sparioos report lo
tbe Botjee was receive J and s greed to
wttboeit divieios. Mr. McLean spoke
ia favor of hie inter -stale cooaaeree bill.
Henete aaaendmeate to lbs poeu See ap
propriation uul was tbea taken sp.
State aaendae&t incressrtg the ap
propriation for inland mad transporta-
lion s-iJ,000 was ecn-cooenrred in. Tbe
smeodaeals stnkitg out tte proviso
for re letter star route rot trade oo
bieb pey foe expedition of schedule
shall exceed fifty per reel, of the ooo-
Iraet price before eurb exreditAca, wss
concarred in, sal pendieg a caotioa to
recobsiJer, the Iloose sdoaroej.
rm-H or ittxjust
There are now in wovkicg trim
97.000 mile of enbtsanns teieejrspb
cable in working order.
Mr. Be-rher offers bMh eaonarage
raecl and warctsg when be eeys that no
single man, as President, ran destroy
the Union that when tbe nstioo is
destroyed it will be by Uie people.
It ia sail that Captain HWticg was so
much daastiafled with the A la lasts, lbs
lost traiein ship, that, before rtsrUtg
oa hie last voyage, be lolJ be wife Uiat
if be retomel eaely he wos'.d never
to se m her sgein.
Maggie Case, a eiM n years old. wse
buried alRhineeliff. X. T. Hhewastbe
only child of Freak Case, s prora te? I
et.i . tux ii i,n " .wtA
sgo The child, since lb death of bar
father. rfaed all
non nabsseet. Pby-
sietsne slate that she died of grief.
Tbe eMeet dangh ter of Ike Eeri of
Oranard has two taarriad to Lorl
Maanre rtxasano--e Cstbohe lo a
Proetsxl by erex-iel dpejnealio of
It Tope, Oae eood.tjoa of Ue diepea
setoa was that all ebildrvn of tbe
toamage ehoall be brought op ia lbs
faith of th-tr s3tber. Tbe wedJ:.g
gifts oo lb a oeiasioa were soewbat
tno. Tbe tndeerroota was dowered
by a lady fneod with s wb:p, Tbe
bride, aaocg tjtt prrrcta recesvel
tbe "Ky ct Jiave.' boonJ ta ivory.
sad a nhing r-h
There la so oe ,y a ret c a. is toe
art of ayir. th)i-(. '"( doing tbig
as was atlety i..utra'.ed ia a Ger
man rotnic prT. wltWtt l,d a t xtare
of a yoath arw of a Unrt. whieh the
toy's fatb'r was aatioo to 6tt of
to a raUox-r wbo auod by. Tbe lad.
ta iraorance of i!. naiarv of tbe bar gals,
is rtrerntd as . -air r Wwad ard ia
i aolib wLifr atkieg ti psrvnt:
Father, ahal. I rie Lim to bay or lo
eiir How much of Hi tMni'i besi-
UvdayU tV t cm that enaip
l.a.t I rii Lim tnhgtorUvu' la
tb te ess dff r rcASU tb af'.kr . la the
other teaaa it.
1h5 sen's ra-iiiatioa Is 1A "lllxt Its
it J U ncr-oo thvrot&t)rt uf tLeooru pests
f a bue. ard lV iaScsce may be
very cisrrvni.y K.t, scrc:ag u txe ei
pmure of LoiAre. Ia a b-aiieg ts-
Z."A by aav bd. a riettwi recrat.y
Bia4e a rris of eatvimests to oev
mice U.e rvjAlive asxcat r4 the sna's
beat daily atiBg tbe d.Z'Xrtl sxies.
lie obtained the urrri;sg ra.t Uiat
aore beat itun a building tt-rovgh tbe
east ard wrtt wal U aa tbroogb the
wal. faring iirxrt.y aoatb. e'tbems-b Ibe
sr c'.b aide m r i po"d lo 11. crri aruoa
tf the sun rays tearly twice as long as
either of the others. A cecjiderebly
greater quantity of bai is rvcrived by
Ibe essl than by the west side.
Two new kiada of tea baviag very e-
m.ur qaeJl bare bra disnovered by
sir. - fj. tuvr. ti tnicnif vne
rrko west of Kietiac-fa. China. One
of the rarUtirs was rare and appears to
have been grovn only by some t&oaks
of th mooatrs oa Mocsl Oal. Aa
iafuska of it iau4 like strreig rccrrMS
lo which brown suxar bad b a added
liberally; bat its swei8se was a aaX-
ural property. Tbe other lea
spreiiaoeocs.y at be-tftts of raorv
S.CA.S frt afve tbe ievel of tbe ems. It
is a leay shrub with a slta ebowl (our
iarbes lilck. aad it attains a beigtt of
eft feet. I a making aa iafttttoa every
pert of the plant except the root ts era
p oyd. The brverage prodaced ts a
strongly coed bat weak leav. bavlag a
saiarai taLky or rather balirry Cavor.
fTf.y years ago Commoooee laUer
oa. commaadrr of Uie asval fores of
tbe L"aitd Slates la Looisiaaa, d aa
eicditKei agaicsl Jraa Labile, tbe
Lief of Ilarauaria Isjtad . altar ked lbs
CO men fc-aad tbTV. and raptured the
even ema.1 nm.i which were crsi
op ia mbnislBre battle array. It
bvea tboagbl ta New Orleans that Le
ft M was a free hooter aad ptrsxr. aad
maay aeneatioeial etori of bis adeea
lares have been published. The Va-
guM bat dieroverM aaccg lb
ca!y rt cores of tbeUaited Elates dka-
inct court aa acrouat of tbe Hot pro
reediar brought by Iae.le T. ratter
so aad frnorgv T. Ra. ibe com mender
of ibe aaral aad military drees of the
Usited Suttee, conlaiaiag rvideaos that
tafitu made has capiares nader lbs Car
lbcaiaa flag, aad was la dxaauaica
lioa wtih Carthagtnia.
( - !. . - ' i -