SUBSCRIPTION St. 00 PBB YBAB
? i ?
' NUMBER 4?
LOUISBURG. N. C.. FRIDAY JANUARY 19. 1018
BED MOW EXCtUDED
> . : ? - _ __
OPBRATIOMS IH THB MEXICAN
Ha? No Rttfhti la Civil War.
Pathetic IlteRflal Use In China
?Subject of Interest at Next
When tks framers of the Treaty ef I
Oensva, which provides for the protec. |
Hon ol agsats of the Red Cross
war, had completed their task th?y had
omitted all mention of one important
question which has recently been a
cause of uncertainty and some embar
rassment. This question relates to the
function of the Red Cross In civil war.
The treaty, in fhct, doss not provide
any met^pd by which the Red Cross
msy helprto . ameliorate the horrera of
_ civil war. When two governments are
at war with each other, if both a
signatories to the treaty, both a
bound to protect the agents of the Red
Cross and respect the Red Crass flag.
If *Vmly one of the warring yovem
ernments has-signed the treaty, neithei
is required to respect the Red Cross
flag or agents. In such a case, the two
countries by special agreement may
blud themselves to observe the rules of
the treaty and thus_avail themselves of
the humane administration' of the Red
Gross. - -
nnr or rsTomtion
ary movements, however, the revolu
tionaries are not only not aignets of the
treafy of Geneva. but as they have no
recognized governmental status, they
are held to be incapable of entering
into a responsible agreement concerning
the Red Cross with the government
which they are trying to crverthroWr
Thus no way is left open by/which the
Ked Cross may legally and safely give
jts kindly services in time of civil war.
- During Um prum?ss of the
revolatlon In Meriso. the Amerisan
Ked Cross .offered its services to the
-Mexican government, but its offer
could not be accepted. As a result,
tna Anglican iSd Ciuss confined its
- Activities to the boundary lino between
the United States and Mexico, earing
lor sick and wounded soldiers >nd dea
titute refugees who were" brought
across the border or taking the risk sf
venturing .over the Hue, wilhuul ufliciff
the demands -of
inanity* were imperative, as_j(aa^
" case at Juarer, /TogaleiTTfunna and)
The importance of rigid _goyern men tal j
?control of the use of thef Jitad Cross is j
tlon In China where no offlslal super
vision of such use exftE Many dtflef- *
ent unauthorized organizations are us
ing the emblem in the hope of protect
ing the lives and property of .their
members. Since no restrictions on this
are enforced, the result is that the
emblem has lost its saered character in
a farcioal and pathetic scramble for a
protection which it cannot give. The
following extract from a private letter
"from Wuchang, China, bears directly
upon this point:
"AH sorts of people are- using the
flag and the badge jirho have no right
to'do so and many seem to think that
subscription entitles them to full im
munity ?nd pretectiop Iha Ked Cross
is so badly abused by misuse through
people bringing their valuables to be
stored under its aegis, that presently it
Is feared the whole population will
hoist the sign at the lsst extremity as a
last resort.'.' .
At the Ninth International Red Cross
CiJiifeience, to be h<H ia Washington
next May, this ouiision of the Treaty of
Geneva to provide ? for Red Cross op
erations in civil war ?will1' probably-be
one of the important topics for discus
sion. Representatives of forty or more
countries will participate in this con-|
PREVENTION OF CONSUMPTION
Prevention Easy If Each Indi
vidual Dees His Part.
Consumption is a preventable disease.
Then why not prevent it? Every case
(^contracted by means of (terms from
aonft other consumptive. If you get
consumption, you may consider it a
monument to some other consumptive's
ignorance, carelessness, or negligence.
If you give, or make othera liable to
consumption, you are guilty ot crimi
nal negligence and deaerve to be pan
Consumption would fit ilUHt IITItfT
than five years K all consumptives
w<wld exercise the proper precaution.
This my mean yoa. Thousands of
people in our State have consumption
and do not know it. Many ef them ie
about spitting, coughing, and sneeajng
in a carelsea manner, making Menc*
and aseociatas moat liable !? Km da
the at?aUK) >W *qutlly guilty of slich
filthy habits. Does this mean you?
Don't spit I . Ob, yoirsay, that is an
old saw. So it is, bat it is the ounce
ol preveutmu which any on* can easily
supply. Ninety -Are per cent ol the
spitting; is unnecessary. This Is an in
sanitary practice confined largely to the
men. To be snre, it is filthy and dan
gerous to swallow mucus and phlegm
coughed up. It ia tar better to rid the
system of this secretion than to allow
any part of it to enter the stomach.
be done in such a manner as to reduce
the danger to a minimum. At home,
sptt only in the fire or in a spittoon.
Keep water in the spittoon. Empty it
daily and Bcald it dttf^with boiling
water. An excellent precaution is too
add a half tablet of mereuric bichloride
to the water in the spittoon jrrben it is
returned tor use. Carbolic acid or cal
cium hypochlorite are - also good, but
they emit slight odors. ? Disinfectants
injure brass spittoons.
In public, never spit on the sidewalk
or where it may come in contact with
the ikirta or cloths of others, or be
come dried and stirred upas duaL Spit
in the water in the gutters or In sewer
Inlets. Spit in the sunlight, as brig'ht
sunlight will kill the germs of censump
tion before they can become dry and
float off as dust. Sneese, oough, or
spit in a handkerchief, or, better still, -
use a paper napkin and burn after
lUMf ? * ?
Whenever you see a careless spitter,
obnsider him aa a man dangerous to so
ciety and an enemy to mankind. Avoid
him, and beware that others cannot so
-regard you. .
Mrs D. F. McKlnn<T~Entertaln8
On the afternoon of the 16th inst.,
"The Tusaday Afternoon Book Club"
was entertained at the home of Mrs. j
nsvtii r. MeKiim aim sii'iigt?
grant flowers delighted the gueets as
they were ushered in. while the cordial
greeting of the hostess was an added
_ Following tlm discussion of current
events, were, readings by. Mesdames
-Turner and Ford, the aubjeet being
"Old To was in North Carolina," Eden
torj faml Bath, each so enwrapped in de*
Tfri'tfyl ffittorifl event", and echoed
of the long agd. A special reading by
Mis. Seoggin descriptive of the "Eden
ton Tea Party," was muoh enjoyed.
After a short time spent with these
colonial dames, refreshments were
served consisting ot
The afternoon was altogether enjoy
able, a bright link in the proposed chain
of entertainments for 1912, and in the
heart of eaeh .departing guest was a
sincere wish for many similiar returns'
of this pleasant gathering.
The Coldest Yet
The put ten days has been about the
eoldeet spell that hes been experienced
in Louisburg, possibly, since the big
snow in 1889. The thermometers, it
4eems, hare all been vieing with each
other to see, which one .could : each
sero. They hare been registering all
around 7,8, 10 and 12 degress for the
p*?t week; ? Sunday morning was the
coldest we hare any record on at which
time the mereurv dropped to 7. ?The
water pipes' have all been frozen up for
several days and hare caused much
The young people have been enjoying
skating on the river the past weet,
-which spert has been denied them for
many years en account of the river not
having froze over with sufficient thick
ness to hold up the weight
Even at the pumping statien pipes
that haye never been known to freeze
hefore "laid down on the job" on ac
count of the extreme weather.
"How I Did It."
Under the above heading Ur. Lewis
J. Cameron,- in the Kinstoii Free Press,
tells the methods he employed in the
preparation and cultivation of his acre
of cptb last year.
On January 2 1 hauled 15 loads of
barnyard manure onto the acre and
scattered?it- the next day. Then, on
the 6th, ' I broke land 12 inches deep
with a two-horse plow. On the 7th, I
ran a disc harrow over the acre three
different times; then ran a smoothing
harrow over it, thua. leaving the acre
level and well pulverized.
PKTTAmTnim ur Ami tum ffjunrtwu.
On March 17 I ran rows four feet
apart Then on the 29th, I ran in row*
again, ver j deep; then used 400 pounds
of U-? potash fertiliser in the drill and
lifted tags very small. -On the SOU I
ita ready for planting, the variety of
corn I need was Bigg's preiite. J used
a Cole* eorn-planter fo?- planting my
ar corn w*? -plan ted fraTTnebea M5T
the aqrface of the ground.
THE METHOD OF CUMITATION.?
I ran a weeder over ' this' acre oii
April 11, croaawlae; again on the '22nd,
lengthwise It looked like, after I bad
run the weeder over it the laat time, I
had. ruined my acre of corn, but six
days later found that I bad uaed the
correct method. ?
On- May 2 I harrowed it witlv a 14
tooth borrow. This was the beet thing
yet, aa it killed all the young grass.
On the 9th I sided TfOTtt * cottw
plow, Jvery deep. On the 17th I eido
dressed the corn, using 400 pounds of
11-5 potash fertilizer, aided it and ran
out middies. Then, on the 26th. I sided
again June 2, and again on the 6th,
and ran out middlea. .plowing very
shallow. < On June 10 1 laid-by the corn
with a cotton plow, leaving it level
The Ipnd on which this corn was
|_grqwn waa a dark gray aoil, with a clay
foundation. This year waa a bad. one
for our Soya' corn club contest, aa there
waa no rain until July and but very lit
tle then^ Mv crop^wss cut off about ene
| lure to prodace, but then. 1 saved 800
pounds of fodder and gathered 106
bushels of corn. ? ' ;
Tetal c?st of fertiliaera rrr. $41.00
Total cost of notfC..* ;.. 18.95
| Tntil ii- , jfijBl
Value of com at <1 per bu.. . . ? $100.00
Value of corn less expenses. . 59.95
Net profit $45.05
Cost per bushel $0 67
Prollt per .bushel ' .43
Net aroflt realized.;. $53.05
We notice from the Raleigh Evening I
Times that the Military Companies of |
specfceVl on March 0th and 7th-reepect- 1
iyely. There is no doubt but that the>
Cympanies will make splended sJ)SWings"|
as usual, ? '
The stockholders of the Farmers
Warehouse met In the Court house yes
terday and took definite action whereby
a charter wilt bp gotten and the work
on the warenouse proposition liegun
Louitburg Baptist Church
? Public worship will be conducted
Snndav at n * ^ T p ^ 1>y th.
PMU>r, Walter M. Gilmere. The sub
ject at the morning hour wilt be "Busi
ness in Religion," at the evsning ser
vice, "The Unsaarchable Riches."
Sunday School at 9;45 a. m., Ivy Allen
" Blj? White Sale
Upon the eighth-page will-be found
the announcement of the Candler
Crowell Co's. big annual white aale.
Theke sales are becoming "very
popular and attract much ^tten
tia?ir~ It will be seen that these wide
awake young men are de tar mined that
no effort shall be spared on (heir part
and say, they are going to- make this
the biggest Oiihg of its kind yet put on
in Leuisburg. Read their advertise
ment and see some of the many bar
gains they have for you.
Mayor Ben. T. Holden had before
him on Tuesday morning West Whit-,
aker, Ed. Cawthorne, Hence Hazlewood
and Sterling Freeman umfer a Charge
of retailing whiskey. - Cawthorne was
tried under two warrants for the same
crime. The evidence presented to the
mayor was sufficient 'for him to bind
them all over to the next term of
Franklin Superior Court under a bond
*100.n') each, which wa^ given.
Cawthorne was bouud oyer, in-both
cases. ? - . _
In conTersation with Superintend!' lit
R. C Beck, ^of the Water and Light
plants, he informs us that the recent
trouble with the lights was due mostly
to the extreme bad weather. That the
sleet has a tendency to ground the
wires which makes it Impossible to give
? bright, clear light He also says
that a portion of the trouble is due to
the cendltion of the wlrss and poles on
the streets, which Is'now under consid
eration and wHl be repaired and put in
first das* order as soon as the town can
make sufficient collections to under
He also asks us to state that theareh
lights are not lighted at night ofl ac
count of tin scarcity of Ibe fnel sup
ply. wfiish Is vsiry loir.' ,
* . * 'i
THE MOVING PEOPLE
their movements in and
OUT OF TOWN
Those Who Have Visited fcouls
Jjurg the Past Week? Those
' Who Have Gone Elsewhere
' For Business or Pleasure.
. Supt R. C. Beck visited Raleigh the
V, & Prlt
visit to Scotland Neck.
P. W. Hicks returned the past week
from a visit in Nash county.
Attorney-General Biekett spent sev
eral days at home thfs week.
Mrs Loyd Llles, and little child of
Chailotte, (s visiting her people here.
W. M. Person spent Wednesday in
Wake Forest on professional busiest.
Dr. -O f. Coppedge, of Keenansville,
was a visitor to Louisburg the pajt
E. F. Thomas, who has been attend
ing school near Ruthi-rfordton, returned
Kowa lunday. ^ ? f. ? - . ?
Mr. John Dean, Jr., of" ?t Pfui,
Minn., a prominent attorney, is visiting
j.w.Hmimgiwgfnr ? ? -
Mr, and Mw. G. L. Ciowell returned
home the past week after having visit
ed her people In Tennessee.
lawyer of Durham, spent Wa*JneBdsy In |
town on professional business.
E. M. Bale left Wednesday for |
Greenville where he will take a posl
tio t with the Independent, a news
Mr. W. E. White, of the.W^T
White Furniture Co , returnesKffe past
week from a trip to thejtfrniture mar
kets~nrthe western, part of the state.
F. W. Whet^ss left yesterday 'for
ior?-Wf SBlWer to a telegram tn
I to his hrother, Alford'a conili
Son, who wss operated? oo__Saturday.
Dr. J. L. Spruiii, 01 Columbia, w. ( V,
prominent mason and active churcli
worker, visited the family of Rev. -W.
B. Morton the past u^ek.
Mr. H. L. Candler, of the Candler
Crowell Co., returned Tuesday from a
trip to the northern markets where he
spring and summer goods for his Arm,
Dr. H. A. Newell relumed Monday
from Boston where he had been to be
present at the operation made upon
his brother, Eugene, whose large nnm
glad to learn is doing nicety.
Mr. Matthew Champion, of Clayton
and Miss Kwioie Holmes, of Youngs*
vi!le, were ^married on last Susday
evening at 4 o'clock at the home of Mr.
J. M. Joyner, of Louisburg. They left
for Clayton on Monday morning where
trfi>y will make their future home.
_1 llr. J. If. Johtraon, who has been in
the watchmaking and jewelry business
in Louisburg for the past fifteen months
left yesterday. He informs us that he
Is. not- fully decided yet just where
he will locate but very probably
Charlotte or W inston-Salein. Mr. John
son is a very clever gentleman and has J
enjoyed a splendid business in Lou- j
isburg. Since making Louisburg his |
Home he .and his good wife have made
a number at friends who wiil regret
very much to Team of their^eqision to
"cast their lot in some other town, how
ever, extend their best wishes for a
successful future wherever they may
I locate. ? ??.. .
I WE SHOULD GROW MORE
An Orchard Once Started Will
Be a Source of Income for
it has been claimed by some that any
soil is valuable for^pecan growing, but
this is erroneous. It would 1>e a waste
of time and money.io plant pecan trees
on poor, phallow, rocky land in some
?actions. It is -generally known that
they thrive best on deep, rich soil.
Hands along the oreeks and valleys
which are subject to overflows occas
tonally and which are underlaid with a
permanent water supply are the most
ideal-tor pecan growing. It has ' been
1 claimed by some that it was necessary
for the tap-root to reach water when
the tree came into bearing^bot this it
also erroneous, for the majority ef pe- j
can trees now in existence do a?t have
their tap-roots to sltuatad. This tree
is a deep rooting one, and the rainfall
in neuIjLftl' parta of the Sooth is auffl
cient to mature the ndta. So, li decid
ing the matter about the aoii, most any
soil that haa fertility enough to grow a'
fair crop of com or cotton will grow
Transplant the trees, between the
flrst of November and the last of Feb
ruary. Tho earlier, perhaps the better,
on account of the trees having time for"
the dirt to becom# settled around them
by the winter rains, and thla is impor
tant. Give your pecan trees plenty of
room, remembering, however, 'Bat the
Improved budded sorts do not require
quite as mueb apace as the wild ones.
Geneiallr, on average soil, thirty feet
each way will be a very safe distance
to set the trees.? The Progressive Far
Waiting: for the Bgar- *
Mrs. Johnson, the wife ol the new
minister in a New England town, asked
a neighboring farmer's boy to bring
her a dozen eggs and a roasting chicken
when he brought the vegetables the
next day. The boy appeared promptly,
but in his basket were only 11 'eggs.
"Ua says she will send over the other
egg after a while," he explained:
Johnwon anltprt. ? "That 3nes not seem
to b? here, either. ' '
"She wiir send tnat. too," was the"
B"But,'' complained Mrs. Johnjoii^'
?-"I wani' to cooV llie ililtaeu
Trer: Why didn't too trlMrlfover this
*"Because. " rgpHSd the boy, "the hen
isn't killed^et You see, ma's waitin'
till st^lays the other egg."? Lippin
Thft editor of .the Irving (Ohio) Times I
has found a definition for the word |
newspaper. Here it is:. ~~
A nawipipartta thing that avcry"
neraon in town known hnw tn" mn ov
cept the -editor. It is what should be
open for roacte on ? everybody except
yourself and a few of your fiienda, for
whom it slwuhl be a jwnBl-KCBnuar
bequest of praise.
It is ^hat you want to see the editor
-keep your name out of as soon as you
have settled with the police justice the
morning after. It is what is just too
lnquisUitti aiulliorriil: whan-Tftg^refffn
club, and is a mean old sheet that,
never gets things right when your
name is omitted from among those
present. It is what no one forgets to
: condemn for itt miwtakes, hut- never
Fenaasjtera to praUe for the good it ac
complishes. ? ? - - -
MEMORIAL TO DR. KNAPK
Committee Appointed to Secure |
Fnrrfte for Memorial to Great
- ? Southern Farm Leader. -
".A sixty day campaign has been in
augurated to secure funds for a suita
ble memorial to that great friend of our
Soathern farmers, Dr. Seaman, A.
Knapp, organizer and director of the
Farmers' Co-operative Demonstration
Work of the United States Department
No other man in the history of the
South probably eyer did as much as Dr.
Knapp to Interest farmers In better
metheds of farming and diversification
of crops and to get them out of their
^slayery to cotton. TheJ Jdeinoifc
stration work and the com club work,
developed under his fostering care, for
?the first time brought our people to see
that the South is itself in the Corn Belt
and that there is no reason in nature
why our farmer^ should be dependent
upon'a single crop, . t
We are glad to know that the can
paign for raising funds in tiiis county
| has now begun. A special committee
has been appointed - ami several local
T collectors are now at work, a hand
! soniely engraved picture of Dr. Knapp
I and some of his- sayihgs being given
' each contributor, evon if the amount
i be only a ttune.
I Every farmer -ill the county should
I give something to perpetuate U e ,
memory of this great man.
BIbt Army to Hawaii
hollowing close upon the statement
made Friday by Maj. Gen. William H.
Carter before the Houae committee on
military affairs, that 35,000 efficient
Japanese soldiers are now in Uawaii,
ready to wrest those islands from the
U sited States, War Department offl
I cia)s yesterday admitted that . definite
plans are now completato eqaip ami
. nrth an entire division of troops, re
cruited to war strength to tho*e islaoaa
I for permanent service :
| It was decided to send fire ?efim?nt?
of infantry, each pf the twelve ?emp?
aM^wndtad ta 1(0 man; one refimeot
- > r V
??. V3 *.\ ;?
cavalry, ewrf Iwep at fql) fighting
strength; on* full regiment Of field Ub '
tillery; eight companies cf coast artil
lery, to b? separated from the mobil*
army; on* company of engineers, an#
one company ef th* signal corp*. All
are to be accompanied by the mcm
sirv sanitary force, and under com
mand of a major general.
?> Itwas further learned yesterday that
not coatent with sending a fall divis
ion of soldiers to Hawaii, the govern
ment l^aBcs<nt the Pacific squadron of
armored cruteein as w*U.? Sun^ayfa
Monday's Post carried a long edito
rial explaining that the above was only
to have weight upon a bill pending tyr
better coast defense.
Teacher s Association.
On account ot the bad weather the
teachers meeting which was to be heM
Saturday, January 20th, has been post
poned t* Saturday, February 10th.
? , ^ ? R. B. Whit?, ? ?
Mr. Lee Conyers, who haineen vis
iting hfo parents for?g<reral days, re
turned to his home in Chester, Va. ,
' i "*
Mrs^.--gen May, who has been ia
^fpehle health tor some time, we regret
to note, is not much improve^.
? m>. wm tin ?? ii ? jrifiri mi#
moved back to TIE K. it Holmes,
where they will make their future home.
The J>ad weather of last week has al
most given the peeple ot this section
? This? has been n ipjoa mest f ecliojf
this y cat. There has been 12,6HJ
pounds killed within one mile of' Pope's
this wihter. (i. H. P.
? Moat girls cannot even get ntear
m,usio out of a piano.
; There's a little wolf and ft Utile
elieep in every man.
A lunky tnjn always attihutes it
to bis snperiorjudgment. " ?
. As , a man grows older fie sees
The cup that cheers today U al
ways responsible for the morning^
If there was adzed price on sat
vation some tightwads would want a
It ia difficult for some men to keep
a secret ? if the other fellow has Mis ~
price. . ? / -
The average wife harbors the de
lation that most of the men she
knows envy her husbaud.
After a girl haa been a bride gi*: -
weeks she once moje begins to re?
ogniza her former acquaintances.
After meeting a nice young man
for the first time a girl remains
awake half the night wondering it
she made an impression.
Anyway a bass drum dj owns a lot
of bad inusio.
Some men run fcr office and
others win in a walk.
It doesn't take a fast yount! rnaa
| long to nin through n fortuno. ? L
Itortunala? ia the woman > who
her husband like a check ? -
book. ? ^
The cuat may not make the man,
but a lawsuit may nnihake him.
I'in yonr faith to some people'and
they'll use the pin to stiok you.
It's easy for a man to go wrong if.
h? tas no pariioular aim in life.
If a man couM only live rich he
would have no objection to dying
You need not worry about giving
his Satonio majesty his due; he'll
The good things of the world
have a habit at gektoag into the
haa is ef had paapla.
" Hard Work.
Seadds (proudly polntibg to hi* an
palatial mansion): 'There it ia. And
jou must remember I got i'k^U by bald
8eaddat "Very hard."'
- "Who did it!"
" -January Up?lssetr?
I V %V, >? *?' ? i _ v- '* . ?rl