North Carolina Newspapers

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GEO, e. BAKEE, Editotf and Proprietor.'
T.TirR AfS ; S2.00 per .A.nnymi.
VOL. IV.
LOUISBUEG. N. C. FRIDAY.
JANUARY 8., 1875.
NO. 11.
Nature's IiCssona '
Hark ! Lark ! O my cliildren, bark !
When the uky ban loHt tt blue.
What do the Btani isiig in the dark ?
v e must Bparkle, Bparkle throngU.'
What do the leaves nay in the atorra, .
Topped in whispering heap together?
W cm keep the. violets warm
TilHhey wake in fairer weather."
"" . .
Wliat do hajipy birdies fay,
Flitting through the gloomy wood ?
" We mnst ping' tho gloom away,
Hun ttf shadow Gol in good.' ,
. JL A. Dodoe.
THE TEST.
" I am beautiful," murmured Ixra Dean,
as (die ntood .before the mirror, Kiniling at
the face reflected tliere, ". and J I know that
Ivlward Karle if not indlflerent to beadty,
although he i engaged to my plain little
aint of a cousin, Flo. I do not-think nhe
really cares at . yery much for jhinij andf
he does pshaw ! I have, nothing but uy
i handsome face to dejwnd upon,, bo mjist
S.' inake the bent of it, and . others look, out
' for theniHclves." . . " T I
Ixf a Dean wa certainly very beautiful,
Ilerfiair waM black a the raven's wing, an(
in thick, heavy coils upon jher shapely
. head ; eyes of velvety blackness, .which
their owner could at will cause to flaah defi
antly, or droop in sweet, inncetit confu-
niort ; checks and lips like Hcarlet rose,
and teeth rivaline pearl in whiteness. She
waa a little alove tlie medium height, an(T
her elegant carriage would grace a queen.
( Miss Dean was an orphan, and lived with
her aunt in the city of New York, but had
accepted her cousin, Kay's invitation to
spend n few rapnths with her in tlie'coun
try. Here he had met Edward Earle,
, Flo's betrothed husband. Jlej was hand
nome, talented and wealthy ; and this beau
iful, unprincipled' ' girl ' was hot long in
inaking up her mind to throw airier arts
nto the content, and win him for, herself,
' - hns ending a long "struggle between pride
: and poverty, which threatened the happi
j jichs of . tlie future, even though tlie result
"might be the wreck ofMier cousin's happi-
ght be the wreck of her cousin's happi
necs. . ' ' ''' ) ' 1
. 4trI'declare I It is almost five o'clock I"
continued Mies Dean, petulantly, 'glancing
at her' watch. " Flo promised to help- me
dress for the party. I do. wish she would
; come."' i ' . ' ? "
As if in answer 0 her wish, the door
opened, aiid Florence. Ray entered the
room." She v'as plain no one(would think
of calling her anything else yet there was
an expression of innocence and purity in
that sweet, gentle face, and, speaking from
jhose Houlful brown eyes, which attracted
every one, and to know her was to love her.
you have
face
glad
" Oh, Flo ! I am ! bo
come l" - And ,the tfeacherous
t ' 1 ill
wreathed in smiles
hair' just the prettiest , you can.
a in a bother ; but you are a
won't mind.".
.Florence kissed the pouting red. lips her
cousin held up to her,
. " No) coz, you are not a bothe It Isa
was
",I want ybu to do my
I know I
darling, and
formerly been a lover of hers, and filled
with regrets that she was bound to another,
while her heart waa and always would be
hia. . . ; '
Could Edward Earle have known bow
much time Lora Dean spent upon that very
note, in which she forged her cousin's hand
writing bo cleverly, he would have taken a
different course that memorable afternoon.
With a white, stern face he sought Flor
ence in the summer-house, which he had
seen her enter with a book in her hand. :
Florence heard hia familiar footstep, and
j her heart gave a great throb, while a elad
j light came into her eyes ; but when heen
i tejred her presence he only saw her lift her
j eyes from the book she was reading.
and bow coldly. T '
With the words of that, note still burn
ing in his brain, her manner almost mad
dened him.
" Miss Kay, I think we had better come
to an understanding at once, and I have
taken it upon, myself to offer you freedom
from the bonds that have proved so irk
some." ,'.'
j For a moment Florence sat as if stunned.
Although'she had feft for a long time that
a great distance was between them, she
could not realize it had come to this. ' In
his offer of releases she only sa, a glad
escape on his p.art,ithat he might wed her
beautiful cousin ; anof, forcing -back the cry
of anguish that would have"' risen to) her
lips, all the pride in her nature came to her
rescue, and helped her. through the ordeal.
With no more visible emotion in her white
face than if it were carved from marble,
she drew the costly Aitaire j diamond from
her finger, and held it toward him. The
last link that bound thein together had
been severed, anfTwathout a, word he took
the ring, and left her presence.
Alone in her room, with no eye but God's
to witness, Florence Kay fought with love
and pride. Pride conquered, and she went
out boldly determined to die rather than
give one sign of her1 suffering. v
' Days grew into weeks, and 'still Lora
Dean lingered at the, farmhouse. Edward
Earle and she were almost constantly to
gether. . '
One afternoon Florence stood by the Win
dow, in thought living over the past, con
trasting it with the present, and wondering
if she could ever again think the sunshine
beautifiiUwilh that dull, weary pain at her
heart. A familial form was coming up
the road, rnd her heart beat almost audi
bly, while-a crimson spot came to. either
cheek. - ...
How beautiful and innocent Lora looked,
out in the garden among the llowers. Her
sweet voice, trilling some happy love song,
floated in through the window to Florence's
ears. As she listened for a moment and
onlv for a moment a feeling of bitter
.hatred against her cousin grept'into her
and was harbored there. Lora
as if
voice trembling . with passion. Then she
arose and swept from the room. -
Edward crossed the room to where Flpr-
ence aat, with bowed head, and, taking one ;
of her hands, he said ; ) ,
"Pardon me, Miss Ray Florence for
being a listener to this conversation between
you and your cousin. It has .opened' my
eyes in more than one respect. . I chanced
to think of a book Miss Dean spoke of hav
ing, and which she had promised to loan
mv sister : bo I came back for it. Passing
by the open window, I heard a few words
of a conversation I deemed" it no sin to
hear more of. The words I heard you say
have made me doubt that you ever ' wrote
this." ' .;
i He placed in her hands the note he had
found. : ,
Florence read it through, then said, look
ing into his face with those truthful eyes '
" -No. Edward; I never wrote this. Some
enemy has been at work."
They did not question who, for it was
evident to both who the guilty person was.
Florence confessed that she had consent
ed to test his love, and both shuddered when
they thought of how near their lives came
to being shipwrecked. . It was, a perfect
reconciliation.
Miss Dean left for the city the next day
in disgust A month later she received
cards of invitation to attend the wedding of
Florence Kay and Edward Earle ; but she
very politely declined the invitation. '..
Tlie
i
Diphtheria ' Seovre
7?
' How to Check its Spread Important Facta in
the History of . Diphtheria
At a medical meeting in New York Dr.
J Lewis Smith said that previous to the
time of Bretonneau but very little was
known of the causes and nature of diph
theria, but in his memoirs it was plainly
shown that it had a specific virus which was
communicable from person tot pejrson by in
oculation, and in no other way. 1 Breton
neau created an interest in the study of this
over more than fifty cases of diphtheria
had appeared. ' Until near th end of 1S59
the city had suffered very lightly from this
diaease, but at that time physicians all over
New York began to note the spread of the
peculiar symptoms of this disease. In 1833
there were over 900 cases of death from
diphtheria, which was". the highest figure it
had reached, until then. Then there was a
decrease until 1873, when the fatal cases of
diphtheria numbered over 1,100.
.pleasure for me to help you.
" Flo, do you. think I ara very beauti
ful ?!' said Lora, when her cousin stood un-
-winning me eons i iiiajjmuvcui jiu.
I wish I were
' Yes, dear.
tiful."
" I wonderSif Edward Earle
to," she said.Waching Flo
half closed lids. ' .
" Why ?" '
-r :c i
l mean iu nur nun ii, a
: !' Lora '.'Vsahl Florence, her
lalf as beau-
.through
thinks so
her
heart,
Dean's graceful attitude did hot look
face flush-
" Y'ou know Ed-
irig, then turning pale.
Ward is my affianced" ,
1 " Well, supposing he is
leave you ior a Deauuiui Aiacv, ne i hui
worthy of you. , Florence, dare you let this
'if he would
r
be a. test to see if he will remain true
Did there creep a doubt into the girl's
mind, that caused her to hesitateand for a
moment remain silent? Whin she spoke,
it was with a white, yet determined face,
and her voice sounded strango and cold.
I am willing." '
Tint Flora rice's heart sank within her
when her cousin's toilej was
she stood! before' her, a very
finished, and
queen in her
rich robed of silk and lace", with fglittering
diamonds in her ears and. at lier throat.
Would Ife stand .the test ? he feked her-
seif. ; i V '. V" '
Every eye wast turned toward Miss Dean,
that evening, when Bhe swepjt into the par
. lors. Her beauty, and gay, sparkling man
ner, soon , brought a crowd of admirers
around her, and, lured by those bright eyes,
Ed ward. Earle found himseifl among them.
Florence Ray only needed that one eve
nine to tell how the contest would end, aid
who would be the winner J yt she had her
self consented to. the triali and, "come what
might, she would hide all suffering, and act
her part... '
'Thatevening wa a fair
days which followed. . Edward rarely
sought Florence's side, and she stood proud-
ly aloof, never by word or
her true feelii'cs. i
T dn Fwnrd Earle iusticelhis love for
Florence was still the same. I Ile.wasmere
y fascinated with W cousin, and, repelled:
by her manner toward him, he fought
ocietv.' Had Florence acted di,ffer-
cntlv. he never would have (gone so; far as
u.irfmrn their eneasement. Her
cold manners, together with; a few insinu
.tirtna from the artful and treacherous Lora
TVhn. made the work of parting two loving
hearts very easy. Although no hard Words,
had been Bpoken on .either side, both rea
' lized that a great gulf was fixed between
them. . , ' . .
The fipishing stroke came m the shape of
a' note, in the' famiUar handwriting of
which fell in Edward's way. it
sample of the
6ignsbetraying
Florence,
it were studied ; but she had caught a
glimpse of Edward Earle's handsome fig
ure, although she was to all appearance un
conscious of hia approach. ; ,
He opened the little gate and entered the
garden. Florence saw them standing there
together saw him stoop, pick a rose, and
place It among her dark tresses; then they
walked down the path in the direction of
the lake.
When the trees hid them j from eight,
Floence sank into a cliair, buried hej face
in her hands, and the glistening tears fell
through her white fingers. 'For a moment
only she sat -thus, and then her old pride re
turned, and, as if-ashamed of her momen
tary weakness, she dashed the tears away,
and took up the embroidery she had thrown
aside.
An hour later,-when Lola, flushed and
elated, entered this room, her face gave no
ign of the struggle she had passed through.
'" Florence, beauty has -won! . Edward
Earle lias asked, me. to. become his wife."
'? And you have accepted him?" slowly
came from the white lips of Florence.
"Of course I have! 'He is handsome
and Wealthy, For one in my position
laving run through a fortune with plenty
of pride and not. the means to keep up ap-
warancerf much longer, it is a decidedly
ucky thing.. I am glad you do not care
much for him at least, judging from your
actions you do not for if I had thought
you did, I should not have lejt matters go
this far." ,
w One question, Lora; do you love him?"
"No, Flo, I will be candid with you. It
is ouly the position his wealth will give me
that I covet." , '
1 O Lora, Lora ! Was it for this that
you wrecked my life ? ' I had thought to
suffer in silence ; but I must speak. I love
Edward Earle with a love yiat will never
die. Before vou came we were so happy !
I can forgive you the wrong you have done
me; but oh I Lora, think well before you
consent to perjikre your soul at the altar by
giving your hahxLand not your heaSt J Y'ou
will not be happy, and God will mete, out
punishment to you." - '
"There, there, Florence! Do not preach
any longer. It is too late now."
" No, Miss Dean, not too late," said a
6tern voice, as a form darkened the door
wa. " ); :- ,- . : .
" Mr! Earle. as I live! And in the
'pleasant position of an eavesdropper!" ;
Lora meant to be scornful, but her voice
trembled with shame aud mortification.
" Yes, Miss Dean ; for once I have been
guilty of listening; yet my conscience does
not condemn me. I have learned that which
will greatly change the future for you. and
me. If you will consider those words I
was mad enough to ' utter a short time
ago recalled, I shall be much obliged to
you.' v
" As you please," said Miss Dean, in a
Domes 1o Recipes.
- Honey Cake. One cup of butter,, two
cups of honey, four eggs well beaten, one
teaspoonful of essence of lemon, half a -cupful
of sour milk, one teaspoonfnj of soda,
flour enough to make it as stift as can well
be stirred ; bake at once in a quick oven.
Apple jELLY.Cut your apples in quar
ters (do not pare or core them), dip each
quarter into' clear water, and put them into
a jar to cook in the oven until quite ten
der ; then strain the juice as usual, and boil
with a pound of sugar to a pint of the juice.
The most delicious jelly will be the result,
with .the full, pure flavor of the applo
heightened by the cores having been left in
and not spoiled by the objectionable additioii
of lemon peel and juice. i. . e
Nice Tea Cake. Sift front a pint and a
half to a quart of flour, and mix thorough
ly through it two teaspoons of cream of tar
tar and a little salt, then 'rub in a clevei
lump of, butter. Have ready one pint of
new milk with a teaspoon of soda dissolved
in it, and pour this on the flour and work
up as soft as you can manage to roll and
cut with cake cutter ; add more flour, if
necessary, and bake in a quick oven. They
soon, bake, and are not so good if the
dough is stiff.
okk Hash. Only 'just enough pork
should be chopped with the potatoes to:
brown them without butter, and a little
practice will enable one to use the right
proportion. Too much of it makes Hhe
hash greasy and indigestible ; too little
leaves it dry and tasteless. After moisten
ing it with hot water, it should cook slowly
on the top of the stove for about twenty
minute?, and come oat of the spider with a
nice brown crust. .
Apple Bread. Weigh one pound of
fresh, juicy apples ; peel, core and stew
th'em into a 'pulp, being careful to use a
porcelain kettle or stone jar, placed in a'
kettle of boiling water ; mix the pulp with
two pounds of the best flour ; put in the
same quantity of yeast you would use for
common bread, and as much water as will
make it a. fine, smooth ' dough ; put it into
a pan and place it in a warm place to ri?e,
and let iremain for twelve 'hours, at least.
Form it into rather long-shaped lqaves'and
bake in a quick oven. j 1
malady, which, kept alive by the recurrence
of frequent epidemics, continued nhabated,
and the result of clinical observations had
been not only .to establish the, doctrine of
contagiousness by inoculation or Contact,
hut also to render probable, indeed, nearly
to demonstrate its contagiousness through
the breath of the patient and through exha
tions from his surface, bo that, as Aremeyer
says, " diphtheria should be classified
among infectious diseases and among those
that are most typically contagious."
Lately animals had. been experimented
upon and thereby important results
achieved. Those who had taken the lead
in this new' line of investsgation were del
sen, Buhl and Huter, of Germany,x and
others. They'claimed to have, discovered
the cause of the malady in. the existence of
microscopic vegetable parasites which had
been designate "bacteria.". These had
been divided by Cohh into four genera, but
only two of these sustained a causal rela
j'tion to diphtheria namely, the sphcero-bac-
tenum and the rod-like bacterium. In every
tissue which, was the seat of diptheric in
fl animation the Spherical bacteria occurred
in immense numbers, accompanied by a
smaller number of the other kind. In se
vere cases they also Occurred in the blood
Ordinarily, as the disease increased in vio
lence, a gradual increase in the number of
spherical ftadena ould be demonstrated by
the microscope. On the other hand, when
e diphtheric inflammation disappeared
ese faderia decreased in numbers and
other vegetable forms succeeded. In the
very beginning the grayish ' white spots
which appeared upon the inflamed surface
consisted entirely of these bacteria, with
cpithelical cells ; whole fibrin and pus appear
ed at a later period. -
Dr. Edward Curtis remarked . that the
question of the nature of diphtheria pre
sented two important issues. In the first
place the question , must be asked, What
waa the cause of the maladv ? The little
organisms- called bacteria were undoubtedly
present in the patients, but it was still ques
tionable whether thev were the causes or
onlv the effect: .The experiments in the
way of inoculation had not yet fully de
cided the question. The other point, the
relation of the external disease to the con
stitutional infection, was quite a different
matter. Dr. Ortel maintained that up to
the development of the false membran6i the
malady was always local and that only
after their development the diseases grew
to be constitutional. However,' the propo-
i sition had not been positively proven. In
many clinical cases it had been' found, that
local attacks of the eye, etc.j could exist
without the reneral. constitutional disturb
ance. The kidney was generally greatly
i affected by the local disease. Dr. Curtis
I then spoke, at length of the deaths of ani
mals, which were generally carried off far
A Wealthy- Kleptomaniac .
An up town New Haven grocer has been
greatly annoyed for some time past by petty
pilfering, the guilty person being a very
wealthy citizen prominently connected with
institutions established for the benefit and
accommodation of the public of that city.
The person has been in the habit of hang
ing around the store until the eyes of the
clerks were turned away from him, when he
has deftly transferred to his pocketa sundry
eggs, apples, and other email commodities-
For some time this was tolerated, although
many people were informed of the peculiar
practices of the guilty man,-and many 'a
hearty laugh indulged in at his expense.
But when this pilfering began to be noticed
even by persons passing by the store, for
bearance ceased. to be a virtue, and the
worthy grocer called upon the wealthy pil
ferer at his office and emphatically informed
him that he must mend his ways. In the
sunny days of universal prosperity he might
with fortitude -have borne this continual.
drain upon hia goods and his purse, but, fis
all know, this is a "hard winter," and the
thing must be stopped at once. With up
lifted hands the man proclaimed his'iiino
cenccy and called upon his JJaker to testify
if he was the kind of man to steal eggs !
His protesiations had no-effect, and his call
for the aid of a stranger waa of no avail.
But the grocer treated .him with great
leniency, letting him off with a reprimand
Owing to this happy termination . of the
case we refrain from giving the" name of
the wealthy reprobate, to whom $300,000
cannot insure the necessities of life, but
unless he immediately reforms and abandons
his evil ways, his name is likely to appear
in the records of the City Court. ,
r A Briohd-Up Lnaatio.
' i
Avarieo of His SalatirM tho Alleged Cauao
HorrihU 8&2brLag of tho TJaioxtunaia,
A gentleman, who is a resident of Alien
town, Pa, and is well known to the people
of that city as a hunter, met with an adven
ture the other day, while in pursuit of game
on the Bue Mountain, which resulted in
a discovery of the most extraordinary na
ture. Having tramped a long distanceMn
pursuit of game, and with good succeaa, he
was getting toward the foot of the mountain
among the timber, when his attention was
attracted by a queer-looking brick structure
among the trees. It was, and is calculated
to attract the attention of any one who
comes across' it there in the solitude of the
mountain. It is simply four brick walls
about seven or eight feet high, evidently
hrirtpd nvcr at the ton fthou?h of that We
are not certain), 'and enclosing a space of
about six feet 'square. Mr. .Fowell ap
proached the building and forgot all about
the game, aa he examined it closely and
attentively. He walked round it and could
find neither door nor window.-He- could
think of no use 'that it wan possible for such
a building, so situated, to be put to. Theie
was a Btench arising from it that made his
examination anything but a pleasant one.
He was about to leave the place, with the
mystery of the solitary brick building un
solved, when suddenly his steps were ar
rested- by a sound as ot a human vol
hich appeared to come from the interior
of the structure. He listened intently, buj
all was talent aa in. Yet he waa 'Mire he
had heard it. Wgain he walked round the
building, and this ti.rue he discerned a place
in one of the walls where a brick had been
Wt out, affording an opening into tha
" dungeon " for it was a dungeon, and it
held and yet holds a prisoner, shut oujl fj,om
the light of day, from all human fellow
ship, and from. alt. opportunity of enjoy
ment of the common blessings of life, which
belong to the most unfortunate of kGod'a
creatures. As the discoverer of this strange
edifice discovered the only opening in the
walls, he again heard a sound from the in
terior of it. .ThUtime there could be ho
doubt of it. Strange, incoherent mutter-
Striha
more rapidly than children, and based
some ingenious reasoning on this iaciv
However,, there was yt a great deal ' being
done in the investigation of the causes and
the nature of the malady.
Dr. George Bayles presented some inter
esting views on "The
He Had the Seat. .
The' other morning a nice young man got
into a car, .oh the Dayton Shore Line rail
road, and saw to his delight the only vacant
seat in the coach was by the side of a, young
lady acquaintance. He reached for that
seat with joyous i strides, and her, eyes an
swered his delighted looks. But just as he
got there, an elderly party from the- other
end of the car waltzed up the aisle, and set
tled himself into the-coveted seat. The
young man approached more slowly and
accosted the yoUng lady. "..How is your
brother?" he aslyed. "Is he able to-get
out?" " Oh, yea," she said. " Will he be
very badly (marked ?" he continued ; and
the old gentleman grew suddenly interested.
" Oh, no," said the fair deceiver, " with the
exception of a few small pits on his fore
head, you would never know he had ;ever
"had it!' " Were you not afiaid of taking
it ?" the young man went on, while the old
gentleman; broke out in cold perspiration.
" Not a bit," she replied, " I had been vac
cinated, you know." lhe seat was va
cated instantly, two young hearts beat aa
half a dozen, and the prattle of " nice talk"
strewed thai part of the car, while a gray
haired old man scowled upon them from the
hard accommodation of the wood box.
;. -
' , waat iaey uruu.
Pnblic Sanitary j
Control of Diphtheria." i Dr. Bayles pre
faced his views by alluding' to the many
difficulties in the way of successfully, cop
ing with the malady. It had now reached
a height in New York city which called for
the use of the highest energies The hospi- j
tal plan for the purpose of isolating the pa
tients was . a failure because" so many of
them were children who could by no means
be separated from their parents. He in
clined, to the belief that the diphtheria mi
asma was peculiarly subject to neutralizing
influences of pure atmosphere, etc How
could the necessary isolation be effected?
Only by looking to the Board of Health for
the full exercise of its plenary powers. He
proposed the organization of a staff of in
spectors who were to attack at once every
case of diphtheria. Every house should be
placed, as it were, in a state of siege. The
patient should be carried up to the highest
story, where he could be most effectually
isolated from-the other dwellers in the
Pig Iron Manufacture.
The following is the resolution adopted
bv the vis iron manufacturers in their
convention held' in Philadelphia:
" The undersigned, pig iron manufacture
era, believing that the greatly decreased de
mand in the consumption, of pig iron im
nerativelv demands a corresponding de-
crease in the amount produced; and be
lieving also that through over production a
crisis now exists in, the 'pig iron business
which requires prompt and energetic action
to save it from threatened bankruptcy and
ruin ; and believing also the proper and
most effective remedy is to be found in a
decrease of production to correspond with
the demand for consumption, - we, the un
dersigned furnace owners, in person and by
their representatives, -hereby agree, each
with the Other, that wc will severally de
crease the production at ' our respective
works to a quantity not exceeding one-half
the capacity of our several furnaces, and to
faithfully continue and maintain such de
crease of production for and during the
whole year 1875j provided that this agree
ment shall not be binding until signed by
the representatives of at least two-thirds of
the furnaces, exclusive of charcoal, in the
United States1;' and provided, further, that
signers to this agreement may ' withdraw
and be released from the same on giving
two months' written notice to the Secretary
of the Americau Iron and Steel Association
of their desire an 1 intention to.do so."
inga, and then a cry of pain or rage fell
upon the ears of the startled! listener. He
called out and knocked upon the wall, and
the voice of a man responded to him, but
he could make no sense of the response.
After a time he left' the place and made in
quiries in the neighborhood, and then he
heard a very strange story. j 1
The man bricked np in that monumental
coffin, and who suffers death in life, is named
Levi Handwerk, and the neighbors assure
our informant that he has been immured
there for twelve years. The' strange ftory
given to us by Mr. Powell ia that the father
of Handwerk died and left him, quite a
young man, with $4,000. He was jl luna
tic, subject to fits of ungovernable rage,
and, when these fits were on him; the lives
of those around him were in danger.' After
the death of the father the mother of Hand
werk married again, and the young man
" Fruit Garden.
If not already done, bend down and coyer
the canes of the tender varieties of rasp
berries, if the ground is still open,.
Grape vines should have been pruned
became altogether uncontrollable-a violent,
raving madman. Then be? was consigned
to the dungeon, which, it is said, is simply
a bare spot of ground,, inclosed by four
walls. The motive given for his confine
ment thua is, that the lives of those about
him were not safe if he waV at laige, and
if4uhad been! kept in a lunatic asylum,
the money he was possessed of would have
been appropriated by the State to keep him.
The revelation of this abominable horror
at once aroused the good people of Allen-
town, and a party proceeded to that place
The Orgaaixatloas of tat Workings so ia Uxa
cumria.- -
The trades unions of England, says the
Jfew York JlqmblkM the best prganiied
and. most powerful, of any uT the world.
Among the more prominent awciationa are
the Amalgamated ' Engineer, with 357
lodges, 42,382 members, and a fund of more'
than $1,000,000. Their last report shows an
increase for the year of l.SOOjnembers and
over $200,000. The expenses for rthe year
were $335,000, of which nearly $00,000 were
for the sick, $47,000 for superannuated
members, and about $40,000 for funeral ex
penses. The annual report states that the
well being of the member has been prompt
ed bv moderation and reason, and without
resort to strikes or serious conflicts of any
kind with capitalist or employers. The
society has been uniformly prosperous 1or
several years, much of which prosperity has
been due to moderation in canes of disa-v,
ereement with employers, and the settle
ment of differences by arbitration. This is '
the most powerful organization of skilled
laborers in existence, having. branches all
over the world It is composed of men of
intelligence, who think for themselves, and
are not' to be led into folly by the ranting
of demagogues. It takes no pari in politi
cal affairs further than to silently favor
such men and measures as are lor the bene
fit of labor and the laboring classes. .
Another "great organisation is that of the
Amalgamated Carpenters and .Joiners, with
nearly 13,000 members, and a fund of $150,
000. Ita growth last year was extraordi- -nary,
the addition of members amounting to
1,563, and of .funds more than $50,000. .
General prosperity has been the rule except
in America, where financial depression pro
duced corresponding depression; in the or
ganizatlon. . To their brethren in this coun .
fry they aay ; " It is gratifying to know.'
that ample funds are at oar dieposal when
ever they may be required, and that our
British members will gladly, assist their
American brethren in the hour of need,
knowing that , whenever- they in turn may
labor under similar difficulties, our Ameri
can brethren will feel pride and pleasure in
doing all they pan to show that we are
united by - kindred interests and coruiai,
sympathies." The following seatiment ex
pressed by these carpenters willnd a cor
dial response in every honest hart : M If
the industrial classes in Europe' and Ameri
ca fully realize the advantages to be attain
ed by unity of action, their interests would '
become so interwoven that wars would be
impossible, and no political jealouaies
would be permitted to endanger the lives of
peaceful citizens, or disturb the commercial
intercourse that ia essential; to the well m
being of the people." This trade had tem
porary strikes in Liverpool and Bristol,
where the employers, instead of submitting
certain differences to arbitration, as they
had pledged themselves to do, would listen
to no proposal lor accoauuwiiu.
will deny that in such a case; a strike' was
justifiable; Employers ought to be the firat
to favor arbitration, and the last to aban
don that method of settlement. In the an
nual Teport of the society, union among
working men is the way indicated for ame
liorating their social condition, but violence
and strikes are deprecated'; u lor the age of
coercion is happily ended."
Another branch of this class of workmen
the Friendly Carpenters and Joinersis
also in a prosperous condition, with 9,205
members and a handsome fund. They,
donrecate attempts at coercion, bu
moval.
entrance were taken down by the constable,
when the party entered. The eight that
last month, but advantage may be taken mel their eyes is simply, indescribable.
of the mild weather of this. In . Northern
localities, young vines, even o hardy sorU,
will fruit better if they are laid down and
covered..
Strawberry beds should be given their
covering of leaves or straw just before the
ground freezes. . Two or , three inches is suf
ficient, as the object is to' protect the plants
from sudden changes of temperature, rather
than to exClude frost.
Wood for rustic .work may be cut and
prepared for rise next season. With a little
ekill in ' arrangement, "many ornamental
,. - j j J 1 prepared ; locust, red cedar, and chestnut
nish its own medicines and feed the poor r ' ' , '
sick at the expense o the municipal gov
The New York Witness tells the follow
ing : A gentleman "nettled the estate of a
wine dealer in New York. Hating access
to his books, he-examined the accounts of
what was bought and sold, and was sur
prised to find that, while for years he had
sold large quantities of wine, there was no
indication on his book that he had ever
bought any. . '
Not a gallon purchased, but thouaandsf of
gallons sold for te juice of the grape, when,
in fact, it was h own infernal concoction
of!drugs and poisons, on the sale of which
' befgrew rich at-the expense of the live of
! 1 i ' 'A: ' ' - S
erhment. At the present time there were
perhaps only 100 houses in which, diph
theria could be found, a?nd yet some fifty or
sixty deaths ensued every month. The ex-
pense of the special physicians, nurses, eta,
would -be" very, -msignificarit as compared
with the effectual check of the diase
which might be accomplished by the adop
tion of this plan. The co-operation . of
voluntary nurses should be enlisted. Also
of all those who had the health of the city
at heart. - .
THE HISTORY OF- DIPHTHERIA.
Dr. Elisha Harris, Begiatrar of Vital
Statistics, gavesome interesting facts in
the, history of diphtheria in New York city
are all good,, the first two sorts remaining
sound for many years. All wood for ports
ought-to be seasoned under, cover if powd-
ble, and so piled up that there will be a
free circulation of air aronnd and through
the pile.
, Spade up all ground between the rows of
fruit trees, and apply well-rotted manure.
AUenton p.rlv rriwd-th, lh.con.Uble 'gl ntc k'
, withnnt the nrocess of xncibation or arm
of Slatington, and . another gentleman who without 'bepn o
had preceded them were already making tion bavUg bee to
nrpnarations for the deranged man's re- society, wnicn naa uaerc .
r--r ; . , - ..... I :A.-iVom Khirh arfl on ail siaes suiuit,-
The strong iron bars guarding the "-"T,;,, WUV " -..
yed ; wziiku nvwj. .. - - o
hours of labor there seems to be great con
fusion.. The carpenter say that they work
forty-eight bowrs a week in New York
sixty-one" hours in renxance, sixty in Ire
land, about the same in Canada, andVfifty
one in Scotland. v
A Veteraua Xditr.
A veteran editor in the West hat just re
tired from the profession forever, he aays.
Colonel Sam Fike was born in Uraynon
county, Va., in 1804, and immigrated with
his parents to Boss county, Ohio, when but
seven years old. Ilaring Tarchaed ah old
printing press and a fewcaeof type, on
the 4th of July, 1832, be iwueVl the first
number of the Highland Demnerat, in Hills-
borough. lie did not remain there long,
but purchased a newspaper in a neighboring
county ; sold oat soon, and went elsewhere.
He continued this sost of- hie lor lorty-two
Lying on a patch of fine straw in' a nude
state, covered with a thick crust of dirt
from head to feet, was a human being, the
stench arising from the bed' of filth, being
almost intolerable. The pen in which he
was confined is; four feft sqaare, of brick,
lined with rough pine boards. When the
gentlemen entered thy found him lying in
a crouched potation, and it W5?s only by as
sistance that he could stand on his feet, his
limbs being paralyzed and unable -to bear
the emaciated form. . Together they carried
him to bis mother's house ana sppnea nony
uio:wi I . . . . - , , I
articles may be made for the flowec garden j ' ? S til n to'siadn
. . , r . i 1 .
and lawn, roeis ana siaaes snouia aiso oe
A permit was procured for his admittance
into the county almshouse, in which excel
lent anulltllt lrt h. will receive better and
more humane treatment than was his lot
heretofore. .. . , :, -
' hpn nron pni vu me iikui -w mj . . ... . , .
looked wistfully around and occasionally years, and in that time establisheo: ih.Tan
ni uttered incoherently. He rubbed his 0M pjuta of Ohio and Kentucky thirty -four
eyes vigorously, which Vere almost con- weeUj newpers. Colonel Pike is a
retirtfl do nener uu wucu 10 svru.
countenance beamea wiui joy
rA llhortv after so lone confinement.
It is alleged that years ago he wasin his
;m minA TMyrds kent "here he sold
game to other parties testify of business
transactions wnicn were vj no hcj
his fellow-men
and the country. The said disease was a
very old one, and had been known as the
u putrid sore throat," the . malignant
anffina." etc since the first colonization of
o .
the continent. However,- it was? not im
portant to search these old records. The
first fatal case registered under the name
of diphtheria in New York city was treated
by Dr. William Mad well, and occurred on
February 20, 1859, Before the year was
That Trade Mark.
The Harvard Advocate publishes the fol
lowing explanation of the origin of M Lone
Jack n : There 4s a kind of tobacco yerie L ducted by an insane person.
good called u Lone Jack," and how it came
to be soe called was on this wise : King
James II. did -greatly dislike ye smoking of
tobacco, holding it to be a grievyous synne,
whereat it did eeeme to" some wagge in Vyr
ginie a good jest to stamp uponne hys to
bacco ye kynge'a face, wyth a pipe in hys
mouthe. Ye fame of thy s did greatlie.
spread abroade, even to France, where they j
didfahdie change ye kynges name unto
L'Onze Jacques, (mistaking the'IL to be
eleven), which seeming to they of Vyrginie
a better jest than the other, they did
change ye kynge's crowhe unto a hatte, and
name hym u Lone Jack."
i ' Praserratiem of TralU
TThe following'method for the preserva
tion of fruit has been patented in England.
The fruit is placed In a vertical vessel in
layers, separated by layers of pulverized
bite sugar, and is then covered with alco
hol of 80 deg. Gay Lussac After 12 hours
the closed vessel is inverted and the macer
ation allowed to continue for 12 to 72 hours,
according to the nature of the. fruit, which
ia then removed and allowed to drain and
drr. About two pounds of sugar and two
..a, r.i .iml)ol ue recommended for
i four pound of truit
of his bobbies in his younger day a was to
fill his paper with original matter, inter
spersed with "numerous italica i and capital .
letters. - ; " r
EcoxoJtYw A Boston paper thinks that
the manner in which some men economize
in these times reminds cm of E. Wilier, the
clerk who had a limited salary and an un
limited family, whose ambition , to wear a
complete new suit was never gratified. , As
Dickens ssys,' u his black Ihat was brown
before be could abrd a coat, hi panta
loons were white at -the seams and knees
before he could buy a pair of boots, his
boots had worn out before he could treat
himself to new pantaloons, and by the time
be worked round to the hatmgain thatihin-j
ing, modern article roofed in an ancient
j ruin oLrarioua pexiods.w
.
was addressed to a young
man who had
L
    

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