North Carolina Newspapers

    -1 ; ' viME.:: EKAN KLIN 7 0OTJRIER. I
1 -SE2Lg- ,R. Editor and Proprioto. , . . 1 TJBRMS 1 82X)Q per T
VOL. IV.
LOTJISBTJRG, X. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, 1875.
N6. 12.
I
n
, l -., i ..... Jessie..,,- ifH r .
3 ei both young aufl fair, .
rewyeye and sunny hair ;
finnny hair audi dewy iye
Are not where her beauty lies.
Jennie is both fond and true,.
Heart of gold and will of yew ; "''
Will of yew and heart of gold
Btill her charms are scarcely told. ' 1
T. , ' I . . .
JfBhe yet remain unsung, .'
Pretty, constant, docile, young.
What remains not here compile 1 ?
Jessie is a little child ! j
I - ' Bret llarte.
THE SNUFF-COLORED SUIT.
I Bcarcely know how it happened, but a,
timber m.ust have fell and struck me on the
head.
The lirt thing that. I 'realized after
j. ni iiiai i-wan firaigni anu Bun on i
BoniethinR hard, and when I tried to mye
myself and njeak
I found it impossible to
do no.
very ti
I concluded that I must be in some
lit, dark.ilace, for I could not see;
in fact I won learned
at, though perfect
ly conxcioiH, I coild do nothing but hear.
A d'jor opened and footsteps approached ;
hut I fdl a cloth jtaken fi-m my facej and a
voice which I recognized" aa tliat of Mr.
Jones the father of my wife that was to be
:iU : ' , .
" lie hasn't changed much," and his com
panion, whose voice I knew to be the vil
lage undertaker, llopkins by name, lightly :
"Bttttr-looking dead than alive. How
does Jerusha Iel about it? Take
on
."Oh, no, sbe jhad hr eye on another
fellow anyhow, aiU a better match, too, ex
cepting the money, part. Though I had
notljiiig against lien, only he didn't know
much, and was kbout the homeliest man
I ever knew. , Such a mouth; why it
really seemed as hough he wa going to
swallow krtife. Dlate. and all. when ' h
low kftife, plate, and
ed iv& dinner."
i open
" Well," said tjie cheerful voice of
Hop-
kins
ami then lie proceeded to measure me.. for
my coffin, for it wrimed that I w as deadT I
had heard of undertakers who always
whittled joyfully when tlu-v got a measure,
bat I-never bclitved it before., ' J'ut that
inan actually whittled a subdued. dancing
tune while he mtasured 'me, and it seemed
to me tli at three or four icicles were rolling
do'wn my back, tc the music of hiswhistle
His duty done, they covered my face
again ami left me to my own reflections,
which were not particularly comforting, al
though I had oft h heard it remarked, that
meditation was g xd for the soul, and tliis
was the Ut chance I had ever had of -trv-
1 . ,
. lnK ll- "...
An hour- mus: have passed when the
door f gain opened, and two ersons came
whisKiing tilon
to Where I lay, arid the
voice of my promised
wife fell upon my
ear.
i ureau 10 iook ai mm, roo; lie was so
mortal homely, alive, be must be frightful,
dead."1 . . - .
I ground ray toeth in imagination, as I
'remembered how often ehe liad gone into
raptures, or prctinded to, over my noble
brow, and expresdve mbuth ; and how, she
hal often declared thai if 1 were taken
away front her s e would surely pine away
and die. ; ' ,
One of them r: ised the cloth, and I knew
they were looking at"me. ( i Ikjb -wkn her
sePond cousin, ajid I knew that he was
that " other fellow ' whom her father had
mentioned.
" Seems to
me
you doiiV feel very bad
'ltusha,' remarked Iiob,
about his dying,
meditatively.
" ell, to tell the trHth," said my dear
letrothed, " I don't care very much about
it. -If he had lived I should have married
hiiul because 1
ie
wiia. rich, and father want
was getting about sick of
knew I should always be
he looke'd so like a" ba-
cd
hie to :
but 1
mv oaivain, lor
:-xt.
ashamed of him,
Inxjn
"But you.lovM him," remarked Bab.
No, I didn't! My afiections were wast
ed long ago ujHiri one who never returned
mV. love; " and Iny fast-lading idol sighed
heavily.
At rrs 1 1 . 1 '
" 1 ney naa covered my
time, ami were standing a few
where 1 layi I '
" About how lbng
ago, 'Rusha?" axkel
Bob.
"A
year,' or
Fuch a matter,"
with an
a fit of
other deep sigh,
ftneczintf.
which ended in
"About the time i went away," inter
rogated, the cautious Bob,' coughing a
little.
" Well, yea, some'res near," assented my
dear affianced.
' Now, Jerusha, you don't mean to in
sinuate that I
" T .U-'i L. i . .1. :
a urnri uiriui iu liiPiiiuaiv nuj tiling,
Bob Smith f and the angelic Bweetness of
kex voice was soiiiewhat sharpened..,
here, 'liusha, I've loved you
ever Bince ypu were knee high to a gopher,
but I thought when you came home that
you was sweet on that other chap; but I
swan I
timel"
believe
you liked me all the
"Oh, Bob!" said my was-to-be, in a gush
ing sort of way ,
" Mine own Jerusha !" remarked BoV
Then I heard, a subdued rush, accompa
, nied by violent lip explosions. I tried o
kick, or grate my teeth, or do something to
, relieve my, outraged feeling, but not a kick"
nor a grate could I raise. It was an awful
fire to be in, but jl had to stand it, or rather
lay, it, so I lay Btill and let 'em alone until
they got tired of i t, and then they went out,
and I was again left to my own pleasant re
flections.' " - Night came, and so did a lot of youfig
fellows with their girls, te sit up with me ;
' lace bv this
stus- from
and they had jolly time of it, although it
was against my principles to enjoy it on so
solemn an occasion. .,'
It seemed ;an age until morning, but it
came at last and they went away. I heard
them say that I was to be buried that day
at 2 o'clock, and I was Beginning to feel de
cidedly shaky, when Jerusha aad her moth
er came into the room and began arranging
for the funeral.
" Tiusha," said her mother, " here is.thatf
snuff-colored suit of poor Ben's ; of couie
he will never have any more use for clothes,
bo just put thenVaway among your carpet
rags ; theylll make a splendid Btripe."
Now that particular suit "fof clothes was
just the neatest, one I ever owned, arm
holesjj collars, wristbands, buttons, all just
the thing, and my blood boiled to hear
them talk so coolly of using them for
stripes in a rag-carpet. They kept on talk
ing as they swept, dusted ; and cleaned up
the room. '
" Bob says he will take the Martin farm
to work this year,'? said Jerusha, cheerfully,
" and as soon as we are married we shall go'
to housekeeping in that little cottage close
to the road. Now I must get my carpet
done, just as Boon as possible? for I want it
in that nice little fjont room.1 These duds
of Ben's will make out enough rags, I guess.
His folks live so far away they will never
inquire about his clothes.. Now, if it wasn't
for the looks of it, we could ask old Mother
Smith about coloring yellow she's sure to
te here to-day." ' i ,
I was getting very mad,? now, indeed. I
felt that the crisis was near, and that I
shojuld either die or explode if they .did not
let my snuff-colored suit alone. Jerusha
picked them up I knew it, for I heard the
buckles and buttons jingle and made for
the door. I tried to shake my fist and yell
at her, but all in vain. I laid there, out
wardly as quiet as a lamb, inwardly boiling
with wrath. It was too much; the deepest
trance could not have held out against the
loHsof j that suit. With a powerful effort I
sprang up and screamed. JerMsha dropped
my clothes and her mother the duster, and
both fled from the room and the house,
never stopping until they reached Dr.
Brown's, across the street. With difficulty
I managed to get my clothes.- I had just
gat them fairly on, when Mrs. Jones and
her daughter, followed by a numerous com
pany of men, women and children, bame
peeping cautiously into the room. I sat on
my board- and hxked at them. Such a
scared-looking crowd was enough to amuse
t an owl, so I laughed; I knew it was unbe
coming, but 1 couldn't have helped it if
they had chucked me into my coffin
which the undertaker was just carrying past
the window-Hand buried me the next min
ute. I laughed until 1 jarred the chair out
from under one end bf the board, and down
I went with m crash.' Then the doctor
ventured into the . room, saying,' rather
dubiously: i I. -
" So you are not dead yet, Ben ?"
" Well, no, not exactly;," I replied ; sorry
to disappoint my friend about the funeral,
however." . if
. "Yes," he sad, rather absently, "bad,
rather tha?is-ahem !" ;
" Fooled out of thatenuff-colored stripei,?
I thegh, as I looked at Jeruska. f "
" Go and speak with him," said her
father, in a stage whisper. "He's got the I
stamps, and you had better ciarry him af- i
ter all."
They began to gather around me and
congratulate me oa my escape. I noticed
thM they jcried a greaTdeal more now than
when I Was dead. Jerusha came and
hung around my neck, sniveling desperate
ly. I gave her a not over-gentle push and .
told her to wait next time until I was safely '
buried before she set her heart on my old
clothes.
"O, I am fH glad !" she said, sweetly,
without appearing to notice what I said
about the clothef-r-u that you aie not dead,
Benny dear. My heart seemed all' with
ered and broken to see you lying all cold
and white. I wept bitterlv over vour pale
face mv beloved "
I heard vou and Bob
"Yes," I replied,
taking on ierriblv.
It was a luckv
die for
me. . - .
" Could you hear?" she gasped..
" I rather think 1 could some," 1 re
plied. -. ;
She' loolcetl toward the door, but it was
crowded full, so she made a dive forth
open window, and went through it like a
deer. She shut herself up in the smoke
house, and would not come out until after I
had left the house. - I "
Bob would not fill his promise of mar-
riage with his cousin because she tried to
makeyip with me again; bo she is living a
life of single blessedness.
-While I am writine. nay
wife' is casting
up my snuff-colored clothes to make a stripe
in a new carpet for our frnt room.
Skates.
bless
fckates, Bonny 7 Why, yea, bless your
heart, you shall have a pair of j ten-inch
club 6kates for your feet, and a pair of slx
inchers for your hands, and a cosphv of
hand sleds for your knees, a hard rubber
cap and a bushel of excelsior to upholster
your trousers' basement. Let your course
be onward and upward, my son, and when
you drag your tired, hungry frame home
ward, -Bridget shall have quail on toast
ready for yeu, warm from ithe oven, and
your little sister shall yield her place at the
register. Be an honor to your family name.
Hence, get to the frozen lake. How difter-
ent 'twas in " those days " when we were;)
youug. ilt was hard to gtt a pair, even of
odd ffkates ; harder yet to get them fastened
on tight, andjiardest' of all to limp home
with an ache in every 6ilent point, only to
hear a " Good enough for yos,'
A Curious Explanation.
A gentleman from New York city, Mr.
John Forsythe, a mineral explorer by 'oc
cupation, is in. jail in "VVeWter ' county, W.
Va?, charged with the murder of Mr.
Phineas Barton, of Philadelphia, ia whose
company he risited. Webster county. Mr.
Forsythe'a Version is, that on the 13th o
November last they both aseended Terror's
Peak, a high, dreary-looking knob, eight or
ten'mlTes easTpTAddison, for tne5 purpose
of examining some curious meteoric stones
which wer gaid to abound near and upon
the 'summit, and that while up there they
were overtaken , by.. , a violent meteoric
shower, composed of fiery missies of" vari
ous sizes, some of which exploded like a
bomb-shell in their fall, and that Mr. Bar
bos was killed by a blow on the temple,
causing a wound not unlike that made by
a pistol ball. Night intervening Mr. For
sythe watched over the corpse of his friend
until morning, when he returned to Addi-:
son for assistance. There the people, sus
pecting foul play from certain contradictory
statements, and the fact that Mr. Bartoji's
valuables were found upon his person, ar
rested Mr. Forsythe, who was so excited
and distracted by all that had happened to
him within the lasf twenty-four hours, that
he could not find the place where he had
abandoned the remains, which, were acci
dently discovered by a hunter on the fol
lowing day. Mr; Forsythe appeals to
scientific men of the" country to extricate
him from the suspicion bf a heinous crime
by a thorough investigation of the catas
trophe, and feels peifectly confident in the
vindication of his innocence, j This ia un
doubtedly one of the most singular", and
mysterious cases of death we ever heard of,
and hope that no pains may be spared to
arrive at the facts.
High Prices for Cattle.
A letter f rem Waukegan, 111., to the
Chicago JaurnaZ,says : " Hon. M. II. Coch
rane, member of, the Canadian Senate from
Province of Qu bee, and Simon Beattie, Esq.,
of Wniteyaile, Province of Ontario, have
just purchased from George Idurray, Esq.,
of Racine, Wis.,'about one-half of his select
herd of short-horns. The purchase is Baid
to be Hhe largest" in amount ever made at
private sale in this country, including in all
fourteen head, among them six females of
the celebrated Duchess tribe, and eight
females of other choice, popular families
The price paid for the lot is not as yet made
public, but must be in the vicinity of $100,
000, for it is a well understood fact that
soon after the great New York" Mills sales,
held near Utica, N. Y-., in September, a
year ago, Mr. Murray refused $15,000 each
for the six Duchesses? of Slawsondale
which are included in the purchase. The
cattlej will be shipped in a day or bo to Mr.
Cochrane's farm, at Hillhurst, Canada."
A letter from Racine, Wis., from a gen
tlaman of standing, in referring to this sale
as given above, says r "This is no hum
bug. The six cows and lv.ifers Murray sold
!' at $10,000 each were all the products of a
heifer that he bought of George, N. Bedford,
of Kentucky, five 'years ago, for $4,000.
She has had fnnr hpiffir -calve, and ' otia nf
these has a young heifer calf, making the
j six head. The other eight head of short
horns were of Murray's own raising, but not
of the Duchess blood pretty good blood.
j however, to sell for $1,250 a head, six
I months to three vears old."
A Singular Accident,
A sad case was heard at the Green
which police court, in London, the other
day, A young jwoman named Florence
Helps was charged with wounding Wil
liam Mann in the face with an umbrella.
It appears that the prisoner and another
young woman, while out walking," were
followed by a knot of troublesome bovs.
One of the party trod on Miss Helps'
dress, and made offensive remarks to her.
She told them to go away, but they con-
l'unuea 10 molesl uer ana ner Irienu' a,m at
i last" -.Florence Helps made a thrust at Mann
l with her mbrell a. Unfortunately 'th'e
! UIUureiia oirucis. aim m uie lace anu in me
left eye. He felf don, hitting his head
f against the : curbstone, and became insensi
I 1 11.. .1 -l-l " ;il-f .1 i :
ble, rlorence Jtlelps assisted in raising
him and carrying him to the nearest sur
gery. She gave the medical gentleman his
fee, and also paid for a cab in which the
unlucky la4 was conveyed to the seamen's
hospital, Greenwich. Subsequently she
called on the boy's parents, and the next
morning she went to the hospital to in-
!. quire after him. The case is, according to
the medical testimony, very peculiar, for,
although he is likely to recover from the
effects of the- wounds made by the um
brella, rupture 01 the brain has Buper-;
livened on the blow of the head he caught
on falling, he has become paralyzed on one
side, and has lost his memory. Mi?s Helps
was committed to jail, to await her trial
bail being refused. ; -
.Preserved Pumpkin.
To each pound of pumpkin allow one
pound of roughly pounded loaf sugar, one
gill of lemon juice.- Obtain a good sweet
j pumpkin, halve it, take out the seeds and
pare off the rind ; cut it into neat eIiccs.
Weigh the pumpkin, put the slices in a
pan or deep dish, in layers, with the sugar
sprinkled between them. Pour the lemon
juice over the top and let the whole re
main for two or three days! Boil all to
gether, adding one-half pint of water to
every three pounds of sugar used, until the
pumpkin, becomes tender; then turn the
whole into a pan and let it remain for a
week; then drain off the syrup, boiling
j it until it is puite thick; tkim and pour
it boiling over the pumpkin. A iiitle
f i : 1 - - -
bruised ginger and lemon rind, - thinly
pared,, may be boiled in the syrup to flavor
the pumpkin. From one-half to three
qnarters of an hour will boil the pumpkin
tender. Vegetable marrows are very good
prepared in the same manner, but are not
quite so tender. , 4.
The City Sharper. 1
When a young man from the country via-
itsN&sv York, says the Time, for the first
or second time in his life, he bears with him
many warnings. His parent ami expert
enced friends picture to him the city rogue
as a thinly-disguised roaring lion, continu
ally Becking the callow youth whom he
may devour! He thinks he is top smart to
be caught by the polished villains of the
metropolis, and he coldly turns from the
seedy colporteur by his side ia the railway
car, morally sure that he is " one pf those
scamps." The frank, bluff, and jolly-talk- j
ing young drover whom he meets oh the j
train is a pleasant acquaintance, and our
young friend likes the free-and-easy3 way
.with which he produces a flask pf spirits
from his frieze overcoat, and shares its con
tents with a stranger from the country. The
drover has not been to the city often ; he
only come once or twice a year to Bee his
sister, but even that ia often enough to find
out how the sharpers flock about the rail
way depots, hotels, and other places where
unsophisticated people do congregate. And
he warns Rasticus, with the impressiveness
of a man " who has .been there," of the
snares and pitfalls of wicked Gotham. Our
young friend, strong in his own keenness, is
a little nettled by this far-off echo of the
paternal counsel, and, warmed with the ge
nial drover's dram, says that he is not afraid
of anything, although he was born in the
woods. When the lim, scholarly-looking
gentleman in black, who has been playing
three-card monte in the smoking-car, passes
through, rusticus does not see the telegraph
ic quiver of the eyelid with which the hon
est drover says to the pale gentleman,
"I've got him." , - .
The rest of the story has been in the
papers so often that it hardly bears repeti
tion. Rusticus likes his honest friend, who
has been in the city, once or twice before,
and who speaks of his sister up "town as " a
little stuck up and stylish,, but a good gal."
And the drover has such a pleasant, taking
way that Ruaticuff goes to his Bister's house
with him, and has a cup of tea and a sand
wich with that charming yoiiag worn an.
For her part, she is modestly glad to eee
any friend of brother John's." Our y oung
philosopher from the country, who would
give odds to the sharpest sharper in New
York and beat him at his own game, is un
accountably sleepy after eupper, falls into
a doze in the corner of the sof a, where his
kind friends have left him. He finds him
self, about daylight next day, shivering on
the streets, with a queer feeling in his head,
and with scarcely garments enough on his
limbs to cover him. He never sees the
honest drover again, nor the honest drover's
sister, nor the few hundred dollars he had
when he went into the honest drover's sis
ter's house; nor is he ever able to identify
that house, though he seeks it .carefully and
with many contrite groans. His simple
story is duplicated in the experience of
numberless confident young men, and older
"men, too, for that matter. "The too-cnfiding
stranger, much warned "and counseled,
avoids the swaggering ruffian and sleek
looking Pharisee, only" to be enmeshed by
"one of the best-hearted fellows "in the
world!"
Food for Children.
Children do not like fat meat, bo give
them good bread and abutter, and allow
them plenty of sugar, A chemist will tell
you that both fatty substances and sac
charine or sweet Bubstances are eventually
oxidized in the body. Sugar is the form to
which! many other things have to, be re
duced before they are available an a heat
making food; and the formation 6i sugar
is earned on in the body. It has been
proved that the liver is a factory in which
otier constituents of food are transformed
into sugar.. Now, it 'is probable that your
children really need sugar to keep them
well, and it is fortunate that most children
are fond of vegetable acids. A saucer of
berries, or a ripe apple, is often a better cor
rective for children's ailments than a dose
of medicine; yet the majority f parent
give the nauseous dose preference over the
fruit. It does seem sometimes as if parents
were occupied more in denying than grati
fying their children's appetites. This is
aeither necessary nor fair. They get as
tired of bread and milk as you would. And
what comes of it? Simply, that as soon as
they have an opportunity, they indulge
their love for fruits and sweets to excels.
Clover With Wheat.
It is not long since we saw it stated that
no man ought to sow wheat without sowing
clover with it. The farmer who made that
statement hit very near the truth; but it is
not for the sole purpose of diverting the
chinch bug (why should any one call it
"chintz bug"? some do), from the wheat
plant by fattening him upon clover. Clover
with wheat does not injure the. wheat and
does benefit the soil, either if plowed under
or allowed to remain and decay on the sur
face. One of the best wheat farmers we
ever knew sowed clover seed with his wheat
seed annaally, until his entire farm was full
of clover which grew spontaneously in place
of weeds.' He thus increased his ability to
keep stock which increased his grain pro
ducts. It has come to be settled among our
best farmers that there is no need of allow
ing land to "rest in the Jethro Tall style
but that a. succession of crops of diverse
character is Wtter than barren, idle net for
j the land.
Tike Story of a Hindoo Judge. -
The Calcutta correspondent of the Lon
don Timet writes as follows: "I heard a
pretty story the other day, circumstantially
told, and if itia not circumstantially correct
it ought to be so. It certainly is true gen
erally, and it presents a picture of one
beautiful trait of Hindoo character the
Hindoo's attachment to his earliest home,
you have often told stories of English lads,
and how they made their way to honor and
usefulness against all odds, from Dick
Whittington downwards. Here is a story
of a Hindoo lad, as brave a lad as ever
stepped the late Mr. Justice Mitter, Judge
of the High Court. lie wrs born in a little
Hindoo village, and of parentage that the
old story tellers would have termed poor,
but honest. He received his education I
know not where, but he came to Calcutta,
as many a young man has gone to London,
o carve his way to fortune ; only in his
case there was contention against a domi
nant race. He held hfc own, however,
through all reverses, through good report
and evil report, till the time came when the
poor lad became a judge of the High Court I
Perhaps this may help to correct some of
the prevalent silliness about Bengal shallow
ness. Hi worked splendidly, Bubdued self,
sat in modest dignity (Ipcak from knowl
edge, for I have seen him) on the bench of
the High Court, deciding intricate cases as
a judge and a gentleman. At last he. was
seized with a fatal disease He asked to be
taken to a eanitarjum, .and he was obeyed.
Time went on, but he only became worse.
It was death, the doctors mournfully said.
Then he had but one request He had sat i
on the judicial bench, had been a marked
man at the levees and drawing-rooms, at
public gatherings for institutions which
Bought distinguished names. 'Englishmen
of the first distinction notably Sir Barnes
Peacock did themselves an honor which
will not soon be effaced from the minds of
the people of Calcutta by making the
' native judge' their friend. Now, then, had
come the grand issue of all, and the dying
judge begged to be taken to the village,
and I suppose to the house, in which he
was born. In this way the two ends of life
came together simply as in the play of
children, and grandly as in the truly heroic
stories of mankind. There, where the trees
which he had loved in childhood waved be
fore his eyes, the pure and noble judge died.
The poor Hindoo when he feels his last
.moments coming to an end tries his best to
crawl to 'home,' to the muddy tank, the
grove of cocoanuts or bamboos and to the
family gatherings at eventide which few
:e 4jiey
ten M.
111UUUUS CTU lUIUCIi, KU ITUC UTT .
A Conscience-Stricken Man.
George Peters, who has kept a hotel in
Annville township, Lebanon eonnty, Pa.,
for many years, attempted to' commit
suicide for the third time recently, by hang
ing liimself. He has since delivered him
self to the sheriff of the county, and declares
that his repeated attempts to make way
with himself are prompted bj remorse. He
confessed that he murdered his first wife
sixteen years' ago. , She was found one
morning in 1858 in the hotel barn, lying
under a horse ia one ol the stalls. Her
skull was crushed, and it was supposed that
she had leen kicked to deaih by the horse.
Peters now says that he deliberately killed
her. There had been a misunderstanding
between them for some time, owing to fre
quent long visits of Mrs. Peters's relatives
to their house, against which Mr. Peters
Strongly protefitd.
On the day of the tragedy a brother of
Mrs. Peters was expected at the hotel, and
j she was making great preparations for his
entertainment, against her hnsbamrl wishes.
She went to the barn to catch some chickens.
Her husband followed her, and as she was
Btooping over to Beize a, chicken she had
penned up in a stall, he struck her over the
head with a pitchfork handle. She fell to
the floor and never spoke afterward. Hor
rified at what he had done, he dragged the
body of his wife to a stall occupied by a
horse, and placed it there, to give color to
the theory that she had been kicked to
death. The plan worked as desired, and no
suspicion ever arose that there had been
foul "play.
Peters married again some years after
wardj, and ,ay that he Bubsequently told
his second wife the particulars of his crime.
Peters has always been looked upon as a
goodcitizen, and is quite wealthy. The
greatest excitement prevail in the com
munity over the extraordinary revelation.
The Tiro Breath a.'
Ho far as pure air is concerned, some
hints are given by Canon Kingsley which
may be useful even to the poor, or employ
ers who care for the poor. He describes
what he calls "the two breaths,'' and their
effects. The two are, of coarse, the breath
you take inwhich " is, or ought to be,
pure air, composed, on the whole, of oxygen
and nitrogen, with a minute portion of
carbonic acid " and the breath you give
out, vrkich M is an impure air, to which has
been added, among' other matters, which
will not support life, an exceos of carbonic
acid." He then points out that this car
bonic acid gas, when warm, is lighter than j
.1 J J- . 1 x .i. -
me air, anu uceoui , uu, u wc &uc
temperature as common air, is heavier than
that air, and descends, lying along the floor,
" just as it lies often in the bottom of old
wens or old brewers' vats, as a stratum of
poison, killing occasionally the men who
descend into it." Hence a word of admoni
tion is addressed to those w ho think nothing
of sleeping on the floor; and hence, as
" the poor are too apt, in time of distress, to
pawn their bedsteads and keep their beds,"
the friends of the poor are -entreated never
to let that happen, and to " keep the bed
stead, whatever else mr co. to save the
j deeper fresa the carbonic acid on the floor.
A Uyttery Selred. 4
The mystery of the robbery of the expreW
car on the. Delaware and Lackawanna rail
road ia solved by the arrest of. George
Leonard, the fireman on the train, who has
confessed to the robbery. Tie lays that he
was aided by Clark, the express messenger
on the train. Clark telegraphed from
Manunka Chunk, the station below, that
the safe containing several thousand dollars
was missing from his car. It was subse
quently found in a ditch opposite. It had
been broken open" and rifled of. the money.
Clark was discharged from the company's
employ, but not arrested, although there
were suspicious that he knew something
about the affair. His movements were
watched. "
A Tew days tinee circumstances turned
the attention of the detectives toward George
Leonard, the fireman. His movements were
suspicious, and he was watched. lie was
keeping company with a, young lady at
Hampton Junction, named Henry, and al
though she is the daughter, of lyghly re
spectakle people, a watchwas also set on
her movements. The ernicer at, Hampton
soon ascertained the fact that she had in
her possession a large; sum of money, and
that Leonard had recently purchased several
hundred dollars' worth of jewelry." The
officer recently called on Mi Henry and
made known his errand, telling her that
she would save herself trouble by giving
him all the facts she knew and delivering to
him. what, money she had of Leonard's.
She denied any knowledge of the robbery,
tut said she had money, but would not give
it up. A search was then made, ana in a
stocking hidden in her room was found
$740., Miss Henry then said that Leonard
had given her $1,040, "but had taken $300
of it.
Learning that Leonard had Wn seen
since the robbery at Peckville Pa., the
officer proceeded to that place. He found,
in the ' possession of a friend of Leonard's
there, $500, which the latter had left with
him for safe keeping. Leonard was then
traced td Scranton, and arrested, just after
having married Miss Rwa Coleman, of
Binghampton, N. Yn who had traveled all
the way to Scranton to lecome his wife.
Leonard had $700 on his person.. He was
taken to Belvidere and lodged In jail. lie
made a full confession of the crime, and de
clared that Clark was concerned in the rob
bery. Clark was arrested.
After confessing the crime, Leonard taid
that the remainder of the. money taken from
the safe was becreted in the .woods near
Belvidere. He was takes to the locality by
.the sheriff. Leonard soon lifted a large
stone from the ground, which reveajeu a
hole partially filled with leaves. Under
the leaves were three packages containing
$3,500 in greenbacks.
Leonard has been in the employ of the
railroad company a long time, and was al
ways considered an honest and respectable
young man. -
Watoh-Maklns in Switzerland
Horological industry has grown to extra
ordinary dimensions in .Switzerland. The
following are the statistics : In the four
cantons of Neuchatel, ' Berne, Vaud and"
Geneva, more than 2H,',XX) men and 12,700
women are employed in the various branch
es of the business, of whom 16,GQ0 lelong to
Neuchatel and Berne. The trade has grown
of late most rapidly in Berne, where at pres
ent half a million of common watches are
produced annually, their value being set
down at an average of forty francs each,
making a total of 800,00(.
In the canton of Geneva the number
made annually does not exeeed l.r),000, but
nearly all of them are in guld cases, and or
n a men ted, so. that the total vslue U alout
the same as the htlf million produced in
Berne. Vaud makes about the same num
ber as Geneva
; the movement, are'gener-
hed, but many f them are
aitv wen nnixi
1 f
exported without cases ; the value U cou-
j sidered to average about 55 francs, giving
a total of 320,000. The same canton slso
produces alout b0,00 mu-ical boxes of the
value of 80.000. One-half of the whole of
the watches made in Switzerland are pro-
duced in Neuchatel, and, in value, So per
cent, of the whole, or 1,4,0J W P" annum,
- i - ' .
IOC loiai IIUUIUU UlIU mint i twv
produced is given as follow
Switzerland,
1,600,000, of the 'approximate value of 3,
520,000 ; France, 300,000, value 600,000 ;
England, 200,W00, value 040,000 ; and the
United State of America, 100,000, .valiysd
at $300,000; Jt will be observed from te
abive figures, that while the average valiie
of Swiss watches is about 4s. Cd. each, those
of France reach an average of 4U., those pf
England CSs-, and those of Amarica Gfk
The fine balance-spring ol a watt b is said
to furnish the most remarkable example of
the increase of the value of a raw material
by tb application of skill. It would be
curious to know the cost of the material
employed to produce the 200,000 watches
of th foot countries quoted, of the approxi'
mate value of $4,800,000. Still more curious
would be the relative value of a firMt-rate
chronometer, and the materials with which
it is produced. '
IxaGlXlTlox. A young man walked
into an Indianapolis drug store the other
day, and called for fifty cents' worth cf
strychnine. The clerk, suspecting his ob
ject, gave him a harmless done of " sugar of
milk." The youth swallowed it at once and
sat down to die. To the- surprise of the
clerk he soon showed every indication of
poisoning, and he thinks that, had be iot
told him of the harmless nature of the
potion, he would have disd from mere im-
j agination.
Little J phony's Composition.
tiie surtr.
This anumal is one of the seven wunders
of the worl, cause its hair Js wool, but not
cotton wool. If there wasn: no sheeps
there wouldn't be no wool, except jest a lit
tle oa the hedges, wich the birds makes nests
of, and if their wasuH no wool were would
this cote be? So you see we all wire second
han close, wich we gits from the sheeps.
The he sheeps is call ram,and the lit lis
sheeps is call labms, and the she sheep is a
you. They is all made of board and. close,
but some fokes likes beefs better to eat.
Wen a sheep has ben sheerdhe don't look
like the name. My father' had a theep
wich was sheerd, and wen it was sheerd it
was so shamed iublusht red, jest like my
sister. It had a little labm, and wen the
labm come up to suck it run up with its
eyes shut, as they always dots, tut wen it 0
got done,- and look t wot it was about, it kep
a-backiu' off and a noddin' its hed like,
say in' 1 beg yourpardin, it ws iny mistake;
and that labm had to be brot up by hand.
Sheeps is very play fle wen they are
young, but not so much as kittii s. Wehn
the sun shines worm in the spring they turns
out and has a good time on the grasslike
a cirsuc, Billy says, bnt no mnnic sd no
ephalenL. Once 1 saw a ole cow wich wjw
a watchin a labm wich" '' was a-goin it.
Then the ole cpw she stuck out. her tale
stif, and give 'a jump up, and come down
with her legs strata like stilts. Then the
labm stopt stil and Jookt at her all over.and
then it went btrate away in a.' other fiel out
of site of the pie cow, and begun to go it
agin.
My uncle Ned says the 6kanny navons
had a god wich could hear the wool a groin
on the back of the sheeps, but wot good did
it do him if he couldn't stop it? I Bpose
he wasn't a real live sure enough god, but
just somebody lide. - -
Rams is great butters, and their horns
would be good sbels for a big male.
The Preservation of Meat. '
"A favorable report has recently bce
presented to the French Academy on the
new.frigorific, machine invented by M. Tel
lier, with a view mainly to the preservation
of'ineat. The chief novelty in this machine
is. the employment, ol niethylic ether to
produce a cold and dry circulating atmos
phere in which the -meat is kept. This
body is ganeous at ordinary tcsipe r a tu re and :
pressure. M. Tellier uses chloride of cal
cium as the m agent for transmitting cold.
The apparatus consists of a frigorifer, like a
tubular boiler traversed by tubes, ka pump,
to set in motion the coelcd liquid; a large
reservoir into which this liquid passes, and
whence it is diBtribulcd to produce the cool- .
ing action; a compression pump; and a
condenser, in which the met hy lie ether,
vaporized in the frigorifer, resumes the
lipoid form under a prewrare' of eight atmospheres.-
There is a double circulation, .
that of the ether, and that of the chloride
of calcium solution. The report says that
the duration of conservation of meat in the
cold chamber may le considered indefinite
as regards putrescibility. The edible quali-
j ties are perfectly retained for the fiit forty
pr forty-five days, the meat even U-conuug
more tender and digrrtible, - At the end of
the second month, however, the tattc of the.
meat (as compared with freiih meat) tdightly
suggests that of fatty matter, the tenderness
having increased ; but Vaten acparately, it
hardly seems to differ from fresh meat.
There is a gradual desiccation, the-low of
weight thus amounting to about ten per
cent, in thirty days. After that it is very
small, and at the end of tight months the
interior fleh has -still enough moUtur'e to
preserve its suppleness, and it U deprcible
with the finger .
Poor Edcar A. Poe.
i In the new volume of TtHs's poems,
1 edited ItR'TL Stoddard, tho editor in
prefftoe thus gives the Wt fceene in
f Poe . rtarttl f rora Rich-
I d October 'id. lWD.and arrived at
j jjaitunore between trains and uiifortn-
jjy fait, a drink with a friend the
consequence 01 wmcu was iua n
brought back from Havre de Grace in a
cf deliriuTn. It was on the cvo of a
municipal election, and as he wandered
j ttp gjj down the streets ol Baltimore, bo -
l" t ll - 1 1 . , . ,t m
mf
political club and locked up in a cellar
1
all night. I he next morning ue wan
taken out in a state of frenzy; druggod,
and made Uf rote in eleven .Ufferetit
wards. ' The following day he was found
in a bock room at the political bd
quartcrs and removed to a bowpitaL ' He
was irisensible when found, and remained
so till Sunday, October 7. The doctor
and nurse were with him when be k first
showed oonaciouaDesa. Where am 1 1
be a&keJ. They answered, You" are
cared for by your beet friends.' After a
pause, in which be seemed to recall
what bad occurred, and to realize bis
situation, Poe implied, "My best friend
would be the man who would blow out
my brains.' Within ten minutes be waa
dead. ;
A Western man paid Ids first visit to
Baltimore a few days ago, and invited a .
lady acquaintance to visit a theater with
t.tm. The lady accepted the invitation, .
and the young- man, following the crowd,
walked up to the ticket office, laid down
a fifty-cent note for bia ticket, and turn
ing to his companion said to her, ' the
price is fifty cents. Th lady happened
to have her portmonnaie with, her, and
appreciating the aitaationj drew from it
a tifty-ceni note, and "her gallint com
nan inn rttumd it with hi money, tZ'
obtaixiing two tickets, handed one o
them to her, which she quietly accepted,
and paaaed in after her bean.
    

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