North Carolina Newspapers

GEO. S. BpEE, Editor and Proprietor.
TERMS : S2.00 per Annum.
NO. 17.
A Calm for Tho He H7o Weep,
There 1h a calm for thoe who weep,
' A rest for weary pilgrims found j
They softly lie and sweetly Bleep
Low in the ground.
' The fctorm tbat wrack the wintry sky "r
No more disturbs their deep repose -'fThan
ajsrariier eyening's latest aigh
j That shuts the rose,
I Ion;? to lay this painful head
Aivl aching heart beneath the soil,
To slumber in that dreamless bed J
From all my toiL
The stranger in Charleston is some
times startled bj a long-drawn, plaintive
cry that seems scarcely human. On cold
a m
wimry mornings, wnen tne city is
awaking, it is heard coming from the
house-tops with strange distinctness. It
sounds like the voice of some great bird
hovering amid the curling smoke. " O
weep, wee-e-ep, wee-ee-ep, weep O I"
And it is repeated several times before
one can find out whence it earner The
people of the city pass on without heed
iug it, and only those to whom it is
novelty pause to gaze over the wide
roofs of slate and iron, in search of the
throat that .'utters it. Far above the
btreet can be seen a negro boy, with a
round little head and a pair of narrow
shoulders, creeping out ;of a chimney
into the sunlight, singing his wild song
as lip comes, and brandishing a black
brush with frantic energy. It is the
chimney -Bweep, and, as soon as his song
is done, ho descends j again into the
opening, lika genie disappearing in the
flame of nT wonderful lamp at the call of
his master, the magician. ' I '
Later., in the day, you may see the
same little fellow again, moving about
among ordinary mortals, but looking all
the more forlorn in contrast with the
bright faces of the nicely dressed 'people,
who gather in their, proud skirts as they'
pass too near him on the street. He
looks moro like an imp from some coun
try beneath the earth; thin a living boy
with warrablood coursing through his
veins. Nature made him black, and his
occujmtionjiasileepened the shade. The
soot is thlckupon him over his hands,
neck, face and clothes, and deep in the
roots of his crisp, curly hair. All the
whito about him is in his rollingeye,
which has a lialf-comical expression
mingling with its queer pathos. Who
would think of associating with him, I
wonder, except another of his own sort?
Ho is 'an absolute outcast, and as he
slouches along, beating the pavement
with his brush, few pitying glances are
cast upon him. But he has friends of
his own, comrades' in his sooty trade,
who lovohis society dearly, and welcome
11 m
me appearance oi nia aim lace witn a j
glad smile;
Anthracite (or hard) coal makes little
or no soot, and it is only when bitumi-
. nous (or soft) coal is used that chimney
sweeps are needed. Soot, I must tell
you furthermore, is simply .condensed
smoke, and is rich in valuable chemical
substances. If it is allowed to accumu
late, it is apt to take fire, and hence the
necessity of keeping chimneys clear of
: it.
' In Pittsburgh, and all through the far
West, the chimneys have to be swept
twice a year; but the sweeps do not as
cend them. A stiff brush is thurst up
instead, fastened to long poles, which fit
into each other like the branches of a
fi-thing-rod. The old custom was ex
ceedingly cruel, and it has been done
away with throughout America, except
in Charleston and Philadelphia. A gen
tleman tells me that he saw an old man
r.icorting some ' boy chimney-sweeps
through the streets of the latter city
very lately' and he believed they are
there still.
iwenty or tnirty years ago, it was a
common thing in mew lork to see mites
of boys following their masters in the
street, or issuing from the chimney-tops
with their peculiar wail. Some of them
were not more than ten years of age,
and they looked so wretched that when a
child was ill-behaved its mother or nurso
would threaten to give it to the chimney
It was the worst use to which boys
fifteen years ago the sweeps, or " climb--ing
boys," were very numerous; and I
can remember seeing abit of a lad crawl
ing out of one of the tallest chimneys in
Until the reign of James the First,
the houses were built, only one story
high, and the chimneys were swept from
the floor. The Scotch fashion of multi
plying the stories then came in, and
twice or three times l a year boys were
sent np to sweep down the soot.
There was once a famous highwayman
who had been a " climbing boy," and I
think he was the only one of the tribe
who ever became notorious. At all
events, we do not hear more about them
in history from the time of James the
First until about the middle of the last
century, when Jonas Hanway called pub
lic attention to their condition. Hanway,
you must know was one of the great
philanthopists of his day, and was the
man wno nrst carried, an umbrella in
London, a performance which exposed
him to the jeers of all the impudent little
bakers' and butchers' boys in the city.
No doubt ho looked rather queer as he
trotted along in the rain with the new
fangled thing over his head, and some
folks thought him utterly crazy. But
said" yes,"
and ftha told him that he
should ride with her. She put him on
a horse in a lane near by, drove with him
to the sea-aide, and carried him on beard
a vessel. - 1
The story does not tell what became of
the little fellow afterward, and we can
only hope that he was restored to his
parents, or that the young ladies at the
country house adopted him.
The son of one of the noblest families
Proposed Amendment
The proposed amendment to the Uni
ted States Constitution, now before Con
gress, provides that the electoral vote of
each State shall be equal to its represen
tation in Congress, including the Sena
tors. A majority of the voters of each
Congressional district snail cnooed one
in England was kidnapped by chimney- elector, and the party polling a majority
Sweeps, and was restored to his home by of the aggregate vote of the State shall
an incident quite as romantic as any I
nave ever reaa oi in novels, lie was
sold several times, and at last fell into
the hands of a man who was engaged to
clean the chimneys of the house next
door to that where his parents lived. He
ascended one of the flues and reached
the roof ; but in descending he got into
the wrong opening, and soon arrived in
a magnificent bed-chamber of the ad
joining house. The white sheets, the
be entitled to the two electors from the
State as a whole. Mr. Morton, made an
argument in support of the resolution in
the Senate. He analyzed the present
system of electing the President; showed
it to be fraught with danger; that vio
lence and insurrection had not resulted
from it was due to the fact that the
Presidental elections had always been
carried by the successful party with ma
jorities in the Electoral College, which
he was a wise and good man, living a
World of Pinaneial Phil
for Honey Lenders.
The usual rate of interest in the West,
say an exchange, is ten per cent., and
it is generally believed that this is the
correct measure of the value of money.
If the measure of the value of a com
modity is "what it will bring, this is true;
but if the true measure of value is what
the article can be made to yield, it is not
true. Experienced capitalists and busi
ness men give it as their mature opinion
that there is no kind of property as
profitable as money loaned at ten per
cent which is tantamount to saying
that the average yield of industries, en
terprises and speculations is less than
ten per cent, on the amount invested, or
in other words, that' money is not really
worth ten per cent There are several
considerations that strengthen this con
clusion. Money loaned at ten per cent
will double itself in seven and a. half
years; ten thousand- dollars will grow
into twenty thousand in that time, and
TJte Smron Rfcy
Julian Hawthorne TTitea as follows: I
They are born qui't these people; a
Saxon baby has but little cry in him and
no persistent noisiness. In infancy he is
stiffened out in swaddling domes, ana
lives between two feather pillows, like an
a cruel thick.
Xow TmJd fmr
tho Aetorm
Am Old Colt eye Trieh
the First Tiimo I
in it.
The story is now told of a trick played
on Dr. reck- president of Dickinson
ovstar in hia n11 moTimr onlv his Dale coDece. of Virginia, in 1S4S. Dickinson
bluish eves and pastv little fingers. A
m o, w
greasy nursing-bottle is poking itself in
to his month all lay long. He has a
great, hairless, swelled head, like an in
flated bladder. His first appearance out
doors is made in a basket wagon, planted
neck deep amid his pillows, the hood of
the wagon being np and closely blue
curtained. Sometimes he rides double,
his brother's or sister's head emerging at
the opposite end of the little vehicle.
college was sustained at the time by the
Methodist conferences ef Pennsylvania,
Virginia and Maryland, and the annnal
conference was to be held at Staunton,
Vs., in March, 1S48. Dr. reck, as was
customary, made his arrangements to
attend the conference, and also to wit
ness the inauguration of President Tay
lor in Washington. Four of the stu
dents, now men grown and occupying
prominent positions, knew of this visit.
pillows trimmed with lace, and thesplen- rendered any question as to the vote of
did damask curtains, brought irresistible any one State unimportant as affecting
sleep into his eyes, and he threw him- the result The present system is a vote twenty thousand will grow into forty a7 M touS1 aware that something of
tHJii upuu uie uvLLf xurgeuux ui uu ijrrtuiii i uy ouibea, xax icuiuvcu uuui vxio iwujo,
They seldom die under this treatment; I and, in the mischievous spirit of reckless
indeed, even a soul would find difficulty
in escaping from beneath those feather
pillows and through the crevices of those
close-drawn blue curtains. -When they
have the colic but they seldom muster
energy sufficient they uplift a meager
could be put, and was even more terri
ble in its results than coal-mining. The
soft, .fine powder suffocated many to
death, and planted the seeds of consump
tion in others. I found in an old book,
the other day, an account of a little
sweep who was driven np a hot chimney
by his brutal master. He cried out that
he was burning, but continued to ascend,
until he reached a point where the heat
was so intense that the could go no
further. Nor could he descend. He
was caught in a turn in the chimney, and
was slowly suffocated. Just before he
died, his employer called to hjrp, and
asked him, with an oath, what he was do
ing. "All right, master," he answered
faintly. "I am caught up here and
- can't get out; but don't mind me. I'm
ready to die." Wlhen he was extricated,
his body showed what he had endured,
but his face gave no sign of suffering.
It was as a proof that they had gone the
entire length of the chimney that the
sweeps were required to utter their
cry on reaching the top. The hard
masters who depended on their earnings
were much relieved when, after a long
silence, they heard the sad "weep !
weep 1" of their little slaves echoing over
the roofs.
In Germany and France, small boys
are still employed in cleaning chimneys.
In Great Britain a law has been passed
forbidding the practice ; but less than
life that most of us might imitate to ad
vantage. I . .
! When a "climbing boy " came to bis
house, one day, Hanway was struck with
the poor fellow's woeful face, and asked
him how and where he lived. The an
swers that were made excited the phi
lanthropist's sympathy, and, through
public prints and benevolent societies
with which he was . connected,' he drew
t attention to one of the worst kinds of
slavery that ever existed. The "climb
ing boys " were mostly the children of
dissolute parents, who sold them to the
men cnimney-sweeps lor a few sover
eigns, or, in American money, fifteen of
twenty dollars. . Little creatures, some
of them girls, only five or six years of
age, were compelled to ascend chimneys
and, indeed, the smaller the child the
more valuable he or she was, as some of
the flues were less than a foot square.
The traffic was so extensive that we won
der how the officers of the law never
came to hear of it. Children who wan
dered away from their homes often were
kidnapped and carried to a remote part
of the country, y?b ere the robbers sold
them into bondage. Their own clothes
were taken from them, and some black
rags thrown over them, so that when the
soot was spread over their pretty little
faces no one could recognize them.
.The novices had the greatest dread of
ascending the chimney for tli6 first time,
and there are several instances, of un
doubted truth, in which, the little fellows
were violently thrust in by their masters
and driven up by a fire lighted under
them. This seems too horrible for be-
ief , but it was sworn to by a master
chimney-sweep before a committee of
the British House of Commons. The
same man declared that he did not use
his own apprentices in'that manner and.
that when the chimney was small and the
boy hesitated about ascending, he simply
used a stick or his fist !
Sometimes the beginner was instructed
at the house of his master before real
duty was required of him. An older boy
would follow him up a chimney and teach
him how to climb by pressing the knees
and elbows against the sides of the flue.
It is a most painful oneration. and the
skin would be torn from the child's arms
and feet before Jie had nearly reached
the top. By striving very hard he would
probably succeed, but not until he had
tumbled down several times and alighted
on the shoulders of his stouter compan
ion, who always kept himself firmly
fixed in expectation of such a mishao.
Every time he fell he had to begin anew,
and, tno matter how sore he was, his
master forced him to reach the top.
The little chimney-sweeps of London
were turned out of their straw beds and
driven into the streets during the earliest
hours of tho morning. No warm break
fast was supplied" to them; only a crust s
of stale bread.' I remember reading in
some book of two whom its author saw
standing at the gate of a house at six
o'clock one snowy morning. They were
barefooted and shivering, and in vain
they rang the bell to awake theoccupants.
The contrast between their sable hue
and the yet unruffled snow that mantled
the city streets was a more Dathetic
sight than the good author could endure,
and he hurried away to his chambers.
w r
with tears in his eyes, after bestowing a
sixpenny bit on each of them. I have
often seen like unfortunates in the streets
of Liverpool, and my heart has been
filled with pity for them. -
A story is told, that a very small boy.
not more than four years of age, was
once sent up a chimney in a country
house at Bridlington. Yorkshire, and
that he tumbled down and hurt himself
master and. the punishment that might and is anti-democratic. He would pre-
be in store for him. While he dreamed f er to elect by the community vote, but
there in blissful peace; looking like a bit that may not be entirely practicable. To
of ebony inlaid in satin wood, the house- elect by Congressional districts is the
keeper entered the room, and recognized nearest approach we can get to the peo-
him as the lost child of her , lady and pie, "and the safer and more equitable
During her life, his mother, the Hon
orable Mrs. Montague, celebrated each
anniversary of his recovery by a grand
dinner of roast beef and plum-pudding,
given to the "climbing boy3" at her
house in Portman square, j The little
fellowJ were all well scrubbed and fresh-
plan. Under the present system fraud
perpetrated in the large cities affected
the aggregate vote of the State, and it is
possible for the vote of one State to de
cide who shall be President. By the
system now proposed fraud practiced in
one uongressionai oistrict eouia not
taint any other district The present
ly dressed for the occasion, and each was system requires the existence of a party
presented with a shilling. But when
'she died the festival was 'no more ob
served, and the sweeps sadly missed her
kind face and the annual dinner.
The organization of a society to sup
press the use of "climbing boys" by
master-sweeps was the result of Han-
way's efforts, and an instrument "called
the " Sandiscope," for cleaning high
chimneys, wa3 invented. The " Sandi
scope " consisted of a large brusjmade
of a number of small whalebone-sSticks,
fastened into a round ball of wooov It
was thrust up a chimney by means of
hollow cylinders .or tubes, with a long
cord rmining through them; and it was
worked up and down as each joint was
added, until it reached the top. It was
then shortened joint by joint, and again
worked in a like manner. f The master
sweeps refused to use it, however, and
it was not until Parliament passed a law
in 1829 that the little slaves were eman
There are considerably over a thou
sand sweeps in London to-day, but they
are all grown men and women, and the
little fellows are no longer seen. Scrib-
A Sad History.
The doors of our penitentiary, says an
Albany (N. Y.) paper, closed upon a
young man, whose brief history is, in
deed, a sad one. His name is Virgil S.
Eggleston, and he fell from one of the
most responsible, and honored positions
in the army of the United States. Born
of greatly respected parents in the- vil
lage of Palmyra, in this State, he re
ceived a good education, and was . pre
pared to discharge with - credit and intel
ligence the duties of a worthy, if not a
prominent member of society. He pos
sessed influential friends,pvho secured
for him a position in the Paymaster Gen
eral's Department of the army. While
residing in Washington and performing
with fidelity the duties of a clerk in the
employ of the government he became ac
quainted ' with the daughter of Henry
Wilson's landlady, and eloped with her
They were married and returned to the
maternal domicil. Mr. Wilson now in
terested himself in the young man, whose
character was excellent, morals unexcep
tionable and intelligence superior. With
the assistance of other friends Mr. Wil
son procured for young Eggleston the
position of paymaster in the regular
army, with the rank of major. His ap
pointment was one of the last acts of An
drew Johnson's administration. The fact
that he had been taken from civil life
and given a position in the army which
so many lieutenants and captains coveted
causea iggieston to De regaraea witn a
jealous eye, and from the start he was
unpopular in the service. However, he
was sent to Oregon, and went thither,
taking with him his young wife. Major
Eggleston was in the Modoc war, and
was one of the first to enter the lava
beds after the cruel murder of General
Canby. His heroism gained him some
favor with the officers, and his military
career now became more promising. The
subsequent discovery of bis wife's bad
conduct made him . desperate, and for
the first time in his life he became reek-
organization. ! During the Buchanan
Fremont campaign in 1856 there were
thousands of electors in the Southern
States who would have voted for Fre
mont, but who were prevented by tho
non-existence of the partisan prerequisite
of the present system. There was no
organization to select Presidential elec
tors to be voted for, and in consequence
many people were disfranchised.
He referred to the counting of the
vote in presence of both Houses of
Congress when Buchanan was declared
elected.. A technical objection was raised
to counting the votes of one of the
States. Suppose the objection had been
to New York, with its large number of
electors, and the rejection of the vote of
that State would have altered the result,
might not sucn a transaction produce a
bloody revolution ?. Under a joint rule,
which Mr. Morton held to be unconstitu
tional, when .objection is raided to re
ceiving the vote of a State the Senate
must retire to its chamber, and each
House determine the objection raised
without debate, and both Houses must
agree before the vote of the State pb
iected to can be counted. The effect of
that, if followed out to its possibility,
would be to enable either party to throw
the election into the House of Repre
sentatives, and thus defeat the will of
the people. Take a case where the
House is Democratic and the Senate Re
publican. First the House objects to
counting a State, and the Senate insists
on having it counted. The vote of that
State is lost under the rule. Aext tlie
Senate objects to a Democratic State
and the House' insists. Such a pro
gramme could be carried out until all
the States would be thrown out, and the
House of Representatives would then
thousand. That the average invest
ments in business ventures and indus
tries will not do this is too well known
to need a demonstration. While a hun
dred men rwho loan money at ten per
cent compounded, will, with prudent
management, double their fortunes in
seven and a half years, one hundred men
who borrow money at that rate will fail,
in spite of all the prudence and foresight
they may exercise, to double theirs. So
far from it, fifty of them, if not more,
will break.
There is nothing more clearly es
tablished by the experience of buisness
than, the fact that a man who conducts
his enterprises on borrowed capital
whose only rescources, or chief resources,
are the products of bills drawn on his
shipments will, in four cases out of five,
come to bankruptcy, and a farmer who
mortgages his farm for half its .value to
secure money at ten per cent, in hope
that its net yield will pay the interest
and principal, will, in four cases out of
five, be sold out These plain and well
known facts appear to prove that the
average annual product of money invest
ed in commerce, speculation, industry
and agriculture is not ten per cent, and
that, while it may bring that price, it is
really not worth it If all classes of
stndenthood, a practical joke was pro
jected, which, after mutual suggestions
frsa each oi them, assumed complete
Conway, one of the students, could
imitate Dr. Feck's handwriting, and pen
and ink being procured be wrote a letter
the sort would be expected of them. tothesuperatendentoIUieinaane asylum
But it often happens, as I am credibly at Staunton, Vs., in which he stated that
informed, that they must be dashed with I very respectable-citixen of Carlisle,
cold water in order to bring their lungs I Penn., named Hugh Blair, was, subject
into action. A dash of cold water would
be apt to produce a spasm in a Sazon
of whatever age. Thus early begins the
subjection to law and custom, When
the child gets to be thirty inches high or
thereabouts it is sent to school, whither
it paces immediately, with little noie;
racing, horse-laughing, and all disorder
are tacitly discouraged. The little girls
to temporary aberration of the mindv
during which he imagined himself to be
Dr. Jessie T. Peck, president of Dick
inson college. Then followed a descrip
tion of the unfortunate Hugh Blair,
which description was an elaborate pic
ture of Dr. Peck himself. As Mr. Hugh
Blair had been absent some time, his
friends were becoming alarmed, and the
link arms and gossip as they go, while I supposition wathat as Dr. Peck would
the boys march soldier-like with their
small knapsacks, precocious in discipline
and conservatism. When the play hour
comes they engage, in a mutually sus
picious manner, as though self-conscious
of hypocrisy and make-believe. Bj-and-
bye they grow up more of them than
would bo supposed. But the habit of
following authority and precedent in all
concerns of life grows with them. They
will never feel quite safe about blowing
their noses until they have seen the writ
ten law concerning that ceremony signed
and sealed by the king and countersign
ed by Prince Bismarck. They swim every
where in the cork jacket of law; and
should it fail them, flounder and sink.
and even lose their heads, and are be-
borrowers in the West could be brought J1 801116 foUJ wLich heII tLem
(a' onnnwin fhia imTwrfant foot it I W IO.Q DOllOm.
would be worth millions to this region.
There is a world of financial philosophy
in it Nothing is more absorb, and, in
the long run, more disastrous than the
delusion that a man can get rich by bor
rowing money to speculate on; it is the
secret of four-fifths of the cases of
bankruptcy that occur in business and of
the sheriffs sales that take place in the ,
Tfce Lobby Corrtondent,
A New York paper says there are half
a dozen people in Washington who have
been correspondents of it for twenty
years without having ever sent it a line of
news or received a dollar of pay from its
office. If we repudiated them, it says, a
reach Staunton to attend the conference
on a certain day, Mr. Hugh Blair had
gone there under his delusion, and
would be on the same train. Would the
superintendent be so kind as to watch
the train, and if the gentleman described
came, to take him to the asylum without
exciting his fears, and retain him there un
til his friends could come for him, when
all expenses would be paid, and they
would be ever grateful, etc This let
ter was sent, and the trio awaited the
Dr. Peck, in all his imposing dignity,
reached Staunton on the day expected.
On stepping from the train he was ac
costed oy a polite' gentleman with, " Is
thiaDrl Peck 7" "Yes, air; I am Dr.
Peck, president of Dickinson college,"
was the dignified response. ' Glad to
see you, air. Will you step into my car
riage, Dr. Peek T" said the affable gen
tleman. Dr. Peck, supposing it to be
an attention which was being paid to the
president of Dickinson college, complied,
and was driven to the asylum, his com
panion fhMtirg pleasantly on the way.
He had not been inside the institution
long before he discovered its character.
name a President and ice-President.
Mr. Morton argued that the present
manner of electing - the President was
the weakest part of our narional system,
and proper regard for the future stability
of the government demands a change.
At the counting of the last electoral vote
objections were mada to receiving the
votes of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas.
Fortunately the votes of these three
States, whether counted or rejected,
would not have affected the result, but
who could tell what revolutionary scenes
might have followed had the naming of
the President depended on the votc3 of
those three States. The subject is at
tracting wide attention, and there is such
manifest danger in allowing the present
system to stand unchanged that there is
a prospect of the adoption of Mr. Mor
ton's resolution.
About Steam Bo Her m.
James A. Whitney, in an address be
fore the New York Society of Practical
Engineers, said :
A new boiler, even of inferior material
and bad construction, will have a strength
so far beyond 35 or 40 pounds per inch
as to show no results from such a test.
An old boiler may bear it with equal ap
parent strength and yet explode with
five pounds more. If now we test the
new boiler at twice its working pressure,
any delect will be liseiy to appear in
the form of bulging or leaking, and can
be remedied. In like manner with the
highest test, tho old boiler will show its
weakness by rupture, and, if beyond
safe repair, be thrown aside or have its
-working pressure reduced to a safe per
centage of its yielding strength! This I
hold to be the only condition ' of safety
in the use of steam generators. It is one
that will guard against the culmination
in explosion of the slow and insidious
deterioration that is usually at the bot
tom of disaster. I know it has been
urged that a severe strain weakens
hnndrad fVincrpmimpn wlm know Ywttfr
than we do whom we employ would laugh naturally desired to know why he
n and in thm all th aum- had been brought there. Tne suienn-
Men like Mr. Irwin are always com
pelled to buy these, because the genuine
article is not for sale. The lobby corre
spondent is a man of memories, and
these are the foundations of his impos
tures. He is all things to all men. His
actual connection with the Podunk iVr
and the Okhotsk Transcript enables him
to enter Ihe reporters galleries and show
himfiAlf in the ante-rooms of the House
and Senate. The rest he manages for
himself, and he soon makes it to be un
derstood that he is all-powerful in the
newspaper offices in larger cities, and in
the committee rooms on both sides of
thecapitoL He generally owns a Sena
tor or two and ever so many Congress
men. He is a magnate in his way, who
not only talks like a statesman, but lives
like a gentleman. He ha3 a house with
terraced grounds, or the best apartments
at the Arlington, Ebbitt, or Willard's,
and his wife's receptions are the wonder
of the capital. Sam Ward's dinners are
dull affairs in comparison. He keeps
his carriage in Washington and his
broker in New York, and yet he cannot
tendent assured him thai he would not
be harmed; that he would simply be re
quired to remain at the institution until
his friends came for him. Dr. Peck be
came indignant, and demanded to be re
leased. He declared himself to be "Dr.
Jessie T. Peck, president of Dickinson
college," but as this exactly corresponded
with the description given of the unfor
tunate Hugh Blair, and his peculiar de
lusion, the superintendent amiled bland
ly, and begged the doctor not to excite
himself. Finally Dr. Peck's protesta
tions were so violent that the superin
tendent, to pacify the supposed mono
maniac, acceded to his- request to send
for some of his conference friends to
identify Hm They came, in wonder
and surprise, and the doctor was recog
nized by his astonished friends, and re
leased with profuse apologies from the
superintendent, who could only, in 11
liatiunor his error, produce his letter,
a mm m ing to be from Dr. Peck, regarding
the unfortunate Hugh Blair.
Dr. Peck felt very much hurt over the
cruel joke; the pleasure of his viit to
boiler. If it does not it is only because write ten consecutive lines of English, conference was spoiled, and on Lis
the boiler is not made strong enough at
the outset. Every gun-barrel used by 1
any civilized government on the face .of
the earth, or put into market by a re
sponsible manufacturer, is tneU witn a
charge from three to five times greater
than that with which it is to be used. No
and could not get them
he could write them.
printed even if
A Phenomenon.
A curious phenomenon frequently met
with in the Indian ocean, the real cause
of which has not been ascertained, is
return to the college the entire faculty
among which were Prof. Beard, now of
the Smith""1 institute. Prof. Allen,
now of Girard college, and Dr. Tiflany,
pastor of Methodist AXemorud
less and engaged in a life of wild disor-
so severely that the young ladies of the j ,der 1111(1 dissipation. Debts multiplied
house took him -from his master and 1 ana sorrows nuea nis cup to overflow-
nursed him themselves. Some food was
brought to him, and, seeing a silver
fork, he was9 quite delighted, exclaiming,
" Papa had such forks as those." He
also said that the carpet in the drawing
room was like " papa's," and when a sil
ver watch was shown to him, he declared
that " papa's" was a gold one. At night
he would hot go to bed until he had said
ing. At last ne Degan to use tne public
money to meet his own and wife's ex
travagances. The sum of 812,000 had
been embezzled and squandered, when
he was arrested, tried by court martial
and sentenced to be cashiered and im
prisoned in the penitentiary for the pe
riod of five years, and to remain in con
finement until the amount of money em-
True, Hospitality.
Tru hospitality of the home is never
loudly and noisily demonstrative. It
never overwhelms you with its greeting,
though you have not a doubt of its per
fect sincerity. You are not disturbed by
the creaking of the domestic machinery,
suddenly driven at unwonted speed for
your accommodation. Quietly it does
its work, that it may put you in peace
able possession of its results. He is not
the true host, she is not the best hostess,
who is ever going to and fro with hur
ried action, and flurried manner, and
heated countenance, as if to say: ' See
how hospitable I can be;" but rather the
one' who takes your corning with quiet
dignity and noiseless painstaking; who
never obtrudes attention, yet is very at
tentive all the while; who makes you, in
one word most expressive word; in the
English tongue to be at home. There
is no richer, deeper, larger hospitality
than that.
... . . . "n. . . .
avil engineer will subjer wrought iron exiHtence off Malabar, and in certain
in a bridge or building to a strain oi .ir th rrrtrmnU rmxt of
more than two-fifths its unit of elasticity. wt mua banks, and of tracts of mud
And boiler makers should be required aa . in ih wWwn manv
to keep within the same margin of safety o abundance of food.
church, of Waalangtoii inatitateU an
investigation to discover the authors of
the prank; but all their effort were in
Tho Poor Poles.
appears that not withstand ing the
At V
, .I rm m talrfl l-W Y rmm lintmitn
x 1 W - I ' I KTPia III! I I I m W si n oJJ .....
required in everytning eise wnere uie fr0m much disturbance in the t against the Poles in Lithn
or property is naked in the event of dis- LnTnnmding element, and a place in j peasantry are still as Polish ii
A Mattxb or Psxxczxxx. The Mil
the Lord's Prayer, which he knew per-1 bezzled was restored to the government, I waukee and St. Paul Railroad Company
fectly, and he lay awake for some hours J 'which practically amounted to a life sen- offered to cany members of the Wiscon
comparing the furniture in the room to I tence. President Grant approved the sin State Grange home at the reduced
that in his own home. When he was ! proceedings of the court, but, with a I fare of one cent a mile, but after discus-
asked how he came to leave his papa, he generous indorsement regarding Eggles- sion the grange declined tha offer with
said that he was gathering flowers in his ton's bravery in the Modoo war, fixed thanks, and toted that each member
mother's garden, and that a woman came the limit of the imprisonment at ten should pay full fare, a matter of priWplo
in aadftskad him if he liked riding. lis years I being Involved
A Walking D-remm.
A walking or house dress, says a fash
ion journal, may to advantage be made
with one part of plain goods and the
other of Scotch plaid. In quality the
fabrics shonld be similar. The under
skirts ought to be of gray materia).
The flounce at the bottom is made of
plaid in several shades of blue. This
flounce is cut bias, and has very little
fullness. The apron is also made of
plaid material, and has bands of the
plain goods down the front, finished
with a cord covered with blue silk.
This apron is bordered witn a narrow
knife-plaited rude. .The plaid part of
the dress is also trimmed with a bias
band of blue faille. The waist is made
of the plaid material with a basque. At
the side there is a pocket made of the
which to breed.. The exact cause of the
existence of these large tracts of
wherein mud remains in solution is still
a mystery; but at any rate the tracts are
so smooth that, even during the height
of the southwest monsoon, vessels can
a. . w a
run lor abetter into tneir mioio, ana
once there are as safe as when inside a
Care of the Plane er Organ.
instruments of this kind should be
closed when not in use, in order to pre
vent the collection of dust, pins, etc,.
on the aonnd-board, and also to preserve
ania, the peasantry are still as 1'oLuii in
spirit as ever. The attempts of the gov
ernment to oust the Polish element by
introducing people of other nationalities
have hitherto had but little success. The
F"-"'" prefer to immigrate to the
south, where high wages are to be got
for Utile work; if any of them come to
T jfiitiin; their life is made so unpleas
ant by the hostility of the inhabitants to
everything Russian that they soon go
away again. As for the Germans, they
ntithr know the language nor tne laws,
and they are full of prejudices against
foreigners. If the government were to
restore to the Poles the right (of which
it has deprived them) to purchase prop-
erty in Lilhrrania, tne estates
the strimra and "action' from the ill-
effects of sudden changes of tempera- erty in Lithrrania. the estates of the ia-
il 1 Sf
tore. Nothing injures a piano so mncn migrants, wno are raoauy jwucg sou iew
as extreme heat, whether arising from a 1 in number, would rapidly aain fall into
Polish hTvl-
The clamay stjle cf
bright fire in front of it, or what is
worse, the bright air from the furnace.
plain goods, and attached to the basque. Care should be takenlto 'prevent xnoist
The sleeves are of the plain material ore of any kind getting between the
with bias plaid cus, having on the out- keys, as it causes them to stick. Motns
i-i .ni- t-u. v v.. . i .... a i-n -! tn TrLinn. ana
back a standing collar, the front of which should be kept out by placing a top of Pan; for they Lave it there, f7
cniahesxtrfemninga rvrii cmnph t
rt ' l m m. 1 -i. 1 I
vogue in which people merely UiuHe
about the floor, pushing one foot alter
Uhe other, seems takave ccoe iroa

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