North Carolina Newspapers

    " J ' ; - " . ... . , . ' I . .
The Franklin Courier,
--P S' BA:K::ER Editor and Proprietor. . - TERMS: S2.00 per Annum. VA
VOL. IV. LOUISBURG, y. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 26, 1875. yOr22. V ' y
i i i i t
Xo More.
This is tbo burden of the heart,
The burden that it always bore ;
Ye live to love ; we meet to part ;
And part to meet on earth no more ,
We clasp each, other to the heart,
And part to meet on earth no more.
. There is a time' for tears to start
For devrtj to fall an I larks to soar ;
The time far tears in when we part
To meet upon the earth no more ;
The time for tears U when we part
To meet on thin wide earth no more.
Sketvh by Mark Ttraln of
on the Jlil0sippi litver.
Md"flc Twain was at one time a pilot on
the Mississippi river. It was no easy
work for him to learn the river, its shift
ing bars, its snags, etc., and in telling
the story of his early trials and tribula
tions ho plainly shows the difficulties he
encountered. lie .gays :
, At the end of what seemed a tedious
while I had managed to pack my head,
full of islands, towns, bars, points,"
and bends; and a curiously inanimate
mass of lumber it was, too. However,
inasmuch as I could , shut my eyes and
red off a good long string of these names
without leaving out more than ten miles
of river in every fifty, I began to feel
that I could take a boat down to New
Orleans if I could make her skipj those
little gaps. But of course my compla
cency could hardly get start enough to
lift my nose a trifle into the air before
Mr. B., my instructor, would think of
Homo question to fetch it down again,
Ono night we had! the watch until
twelve. Now, it was an ancient river
custom for the two pilots to chat a bit
when the watch changed. While the
relieving pilot put on his gloves and lit
his cigar, his partner, the retiring pilot,
would say something like this :
"I judge the upper bar is making
down a little at Hale's Point ; had quar
ter twain with tho lower lead and mark
twain with the other."
" Yes, I thought it was making down
a little, last trip. Meet any boats?"
' Met one abreast the head of twenty
one, but she was away over hugging the
bar, and I couldn't make her out entire
ly. I took her for the Sunny South
hadn't any skylights forward of the
chimneys." i
And so on. And as the relieving pilot
took tho wheel his partner would men
tion that wo were in such-and-such bend,
and say wo were abreast of such-and-such
a man's wood-yard or plantation.
This was courtesy; I supposed it was
necessity. But Mr. V. came on watch
full twelve minutes late on this particular
nighta tremendous breach of etiquette;
in fact, it is tho unpardonable sin among
pilots. So Mr. B. gave him no greeting
hated anybody who had the name
boing careless, and injuring things.
"Do you see that long slanting line
on the face of the water?" said Mr. B.
" Now that's a reef. Moreover, it's a
bluff reef. There is a solid sand-bar
under it that is nearly as straight up and
down as the side of a house. There is
plenty of water close up to it, but mighty
little on top of it. If you were to hit
it you would knock the boat's brains out.
Do you see where the line fringes out
at the upper end and begins to fade
away?" ! .
"Yes, sir." -"Well,
that is a low place; that is the
head of the reef. You can climb over
there, and not hurt anything. Cross
over, now, and follow along close under
the reef easy water there not much
current." ;
I followesil the reef along till I ap
proached tfie fringed end. Then Mr. B.
said ' ll
" Now get ready. Wait till I give the
word. She won't want to mount the reef;
a boat hates shoal water. Stand by
wait wait keep her well in hand. Now
cramp her down ! Snatch her ! snatch
He seized the other side of the wheel
and helped to spin it around until it was
hard down, and then we held it so. The
boat resisted and refused to answer for a
while, and next she came surging to
starboard, mounted the reef, and sent a
long, angry ridge of water foaming away
from her bows.
"Now, watch her; watch her like a
cat, or she'll get away from you. When
she fights strong and the tiller slips a
little, in a jerky, greasy sort of way, let
up on her a little ; it is the way she tells
you at night that the water is too shoal,
but keep edging her up, little by little,
toward pie point. You are -well up on
the bar' how; there is a bar under every
point, because the water Jthat comes
down around it forms an eddy and al-
1 it "1 11 i -w-v
lows Hie setument ro sihk. uo you see
those fine lines on the face of the water
that branch out likb the ribs of a fan?
Well, those are little reefs; you want to
jiist miss the ends of them, but run them
pretty close. r Now, look out look out 1
Don't you crowd that slick, greasy-looking
place; there ain't nine feet there;
she won'i stand it. She begins to smell
it; look sharp, I tell you ! Oh, blazes,
there you go ! Stop the starboard wheel !
Quick! .Ship up to back! Set her
The engine bells jingled and the en
gines answered promptly, shooting white
columns of steam far aloft out of the
scape pipes, but it was too late. The
boat had "smelt" the bar in good
earnest; the foamy ridges that radiated
from her bow suddenly disarmeared: a
T -a. -a. -
great dead swell came rolling forward
and swept ahead of her, she careneed far
whatever, but simply surrendered the over to larboard, and went tearing away
wheel and anarched out of the pilot- toward . the other shore as if she were
houso without a word. I was appalled ; about scared to, death. We were a good
it was a villainous night for blackness, mile from where we ought to have been.
wo were in a particularly wide and blind when we finally got the upper hand of
part of the river, where there was no
shape or substance to anything, and it
seemed incredible that Mr. B. should
have left the poor fellow to kill the boat
trying to find out where he was. But I
resolved that I should stand by him any
way. Ho should find that he was not
wholly friendless. So I stood around
and waited to bo asked where we were.
But Mr. W. plunged on serenely through
tho solid firmament of black cats that
stood for an atmosphere, and never
opened his mouth." He is proud,
thought I; he would rather send us all to
destruction than put himself under ob
ligations to me, because I am not yet
ono of the salt of the earth, and privi-
legea to snuo captains ana lora it over
everything dead and alive in a steam
boat. I presently climbed up on the
bench. I did not think it was safo to go
her again,
During the afternoon 'watch, Mr. B.
asked me if I knew how to run the next
few miles. I said:
" Go inside the first snag above the
point, outside the next one, start from
the lower end of Hiesdns' wood-van!
JO 1
make a square crossing and "
That's all right. I'll be back before
you close up on the next point."
But he wasn t. He was still below
T i i :i S i ' i
x iuuiiueu it ana enterea .upon a
piece of river which I had some misgiv
" 1 A. T 1 1 a 1 . i .
ujgs auoui. j. uia not Know tnat ne was
hiding behind a chimney to see how I
would perform. . I went gayly along,
getting prouder and prouder, for he had
never left the boat in mv sole ' charce
such a length of time before. I even got
to " setting" her and lettincr the wheel
w. J ; -
go entirely, while I vaingloriously
to sleep wjiilo tho lunatic was on watch, turned my back, and inspected the stern
However, I must havo i gone to sleep
in tho course of time, because the next
thing I was aware of was the fact that
day was breaking, Mr. W. gone, and
Mr. 15. at the wheel again. tso it . was
four o'clock and all well but me; I felt
liko a skinful of dry bones and all of
them trying to ache at once.
Mr. B asked irio what I had staid up
there for. I confessed that it was to do
Mr. W. a benevolence; tell him where he
was. It took five minutes for the entire
preposterousness of the thing to. filter
into Mr. B.'s system, and then I judge
it filled him nearly up to the chin; be
cause ho paid me a compliment and
not much of a one either. He said :
" Well, taking yon by-and-large, you
do Hfiein to be more different kinds o an
ass than any creature I ever saw before.
What did you suppose ho wanted to
know for ?"
I said I thought it might be a con
venience to him. ;
, " Convenience ! Dash ! Didn't I tell
you that a man's got to know the river
in tho night the 6ame as he'd know his
own front hall!" i . . "
"Well, I can follow the front hall
. in tho dark if I know it is the front
hall; but suppose you set me down in
the middle of it in the dark, and, not
tell me which hall it is; how am I to
i know?" ;
" Well, you've got to, on the river I"
"All right. Then I'm glad I never
said anything to Mr. W."
"Ishoidd say so. Why he'd have
slammed you through the window and
utterly ruined a hundred dollars worth of
window sash and stuff."
I was glad this damage had been
saved,lfor;itwould have made' me un
popular with the owners. They always
marks and hummed a tune, a sort of
easy indifference which I had prodig
iously admired in B. and other great
pilots. Once I inspected rather long,
and when I faced to the f ro'nt asrain mv
heart flew into my mouth so suddenly
that, if I hadn't clapped my teeth to
gether, I would have lost it. One of
those frightful bluff reefs was stretching
its deadly length right across our bows !
My head was gone in a moment; I did
not know which end I stood on; I gasped
and could not get my breath; I spun the
wheel down with such rapidity that it
wove itself together like a spider's web;
the boat answered and turned square
away from the reef, but the reef followed
her! I fled, and still it followed still
it kept right across my bows ! I
lifted np these commands to me ever so
" Stop the starboard. Stop the lar
board. . Set her back on both." -
The boat hesitated, halted, pressed
her nose among the boughs a critical
instant, then reluctantly began to bick
" Stop the larboard. Come ahead on
it. Stop the starboard. Come ahead on
it. Point her for the bar."
I sailed away as serenely as a sum
mer's morning. Mr. B. came in and
said, with mock simplicity:
" When you have a hail, my boy, you
ought to tap the big bell three times be
fore you land, so that the engineers can
get ready."
I blushed under the sarcasm, and said
I hadn't had any hail.
- "Ah! Then it was for wood, I sup
pose. The officer of the watch will tell
you when he wants to wood up."
I went on consuming, and said I
wasn't after wood.
"Indeed? Why, what could you
want over here in the bend, then ? Did
you ever know of a boat following a
bend up-stream at this stage of tho
river?" .
"No, sir and I wasn't trying to follow
it. I was getting away from a bluff
reef." r
"No, it wasn't a bluff reef; there
isn't one within three miles of where you
" But I saw it. It was as bluff as that
one yonder."
"Just about. Run over it!"
" Do you give it as an order ?"
"Yes. Run over it."
"HI don't, I wish I may die."
" All right ; I am taking tfie responsi
bility." I was just as anxious to kill the boat
now as I had been to save her before. I
impressed my orders upon my memory,
to be used at the inquest, and made a
straight break for the reef. As it disap
peared under our bows Iheld my breath;
but we slid over it like oil.
"Now don't you see the difference?
It wasn't anything but a wind reef. The
wind does that."
"So I see. But it is exactly like a
bluff reef. How am I ever going to tell
them apart ?"
" I can't tell you. It is an instinct.
By-and-bye you will just naturally know
one from the other, but you never will
be able to explain why or how you know
them apart."
It turned out to be true. The face of
the water, in time, became a wonderful
book a book that was a dead language
to tho uneducated passenger, but which
told its mind to me without reserve, de
livering its most cherished secrets as
clearly as if it uttered them with a voice.
Now, when I-had mastered the lan
guage of this water, and had come to
knbw every trifling feature that bordered
the great river as familiarly as I knew
the letters of the alphabet, I had made a
valuable acquisition. But I had lost
something, too. I had lost something
which could never be restored to me
while I lived. All the grace, the beauty,
the poetry had gone out of the majestic
river ! I still keep in mind a certain
wonderful sunset which I witnessed
when steamboating was new to me.
A broad expanse of the river was turned
to blood. In the middle distance the
red hue brightened into gold, through
which a solitary log came floating, black
and conspicuousl In one place a long,
slanting mark lay sparkling upon the
water; in another the surface was broken
by boiling, tumbling rings, that were as
many-tinted as an opal. ; Where the
ruddy flush was faintest was a smooth
spot that was covered with graceful cir
cles and radiating lines ever so delicately
traced. The shore on our left was
densely wooded, and the somber shadow
that fell from this forest was broken in
one place by a long, ruffled trail that
shone like silver; and high above the
forest wall a clean-stemmed dead tree
waved a single leafy bough that glowed
like a flame in the unobstructed splendor
that was flowing from the sun. There
were graceful curves, reflected images,
woody heights, soft distances; and over
the wholo scene, far and near, the dis
solving lights drifted steadily, enriching
it, every passing moment, with new mar
vels of coloring. .
I stood like one bewitched. I drank
it in,! in a speechless rapture. The
world was new to me, and I had never
seen anything like this at home. But as
I have said, a day came when I began to
cease noting the glories and the charms
which the moon and the sun and the
to last long, and then hew is a body
ever going to get through this blind
place at night without the friendly
No, the romance and the beauty were
all gone from the river. All the value
any feature of it had for me now was
the amount of usefulness it could fur
nish toward compassing the safe piloting
of a steamboat. Since those days I have
pitied doctors from my heart. What
does the lovely flush in a beauty's cheek
mean to a doctor, but a "break" that
ripples above some deadly disease? Are
not all her visible charms sown thick
with what are to him the signs and
symbols of hidden decay! Does he
ever see her beauty at all, or doesn't he
simply view her professionally, and com
ment upon her unwholesome -condition
all to himself ? And doesn't he some
times wonder whether he has gained
most or lost most by learning his trade I
Running a Locomotive.
" If you could run an engine on this
road you could on any other road, could
you not ?" asked a reporter of a railroad
"Yes, run the engine, but I couldn't
make time."
"Why not?"
" Because I wouldn't know the road.
A stranger can't go on to a road he has
never run over and make time till he
has learned the ins and outs of it.
Didn't you notice how we ran when we
came out of town? Well, we didn't run
so fast after that at any time. That was
our 4 race ground.' There are spots on
all roads where you have to run like
thunder to make up for lost time at other
places. When we come up 4 three mile
grade we didn't go over ten or twelve
miles an hour, so we had to make it up
at other places. Did you never hear a
conductor say sometimes when his train
was late that he had a new engineer who
didn't know the road thoroughly ? That's
all there is to it. In other respects one
engineer is the same in principle as an
other. But there can't be two of them
that'll work alike; an engine has as many
tricks as a horse. Some is as docile as
a sheep, and others just cuts up like
thunder all the while. Some .of 'em
will carry water as steady as a clock,
others will be a heavin' it ut and down
like a sea-sick man. Some fire easy and
some light; others eat up all you fling
in, and then don't make any steam. . I'll
take that engine we came in with and
run her forever, just as she is. The next
man that comes after me can't do any-
thing with her, until he fixes her as he
wants her, and so it goes. He'll swear
the valves are set wrong, or anything, so
he can get a chance to tinker at her."
A Cmtton Vtmitn Hold fmr 920 mnd
Aftenrardm Worth 9107,190.
The award in gold of over $197,000,
made by the British and American mixed
commission to Augustine R. McDonald,
a subject of Great Britain, but for some
years a resident of Louisville, has been
paid by the United States government.
This claim was brought for losses sus
tained in the burning of cotton during
the late civil war, and was the second
largest claim adjudicated by the late
committee. The claim was originally
for $2,500,000. Witnesses wero ex
amined, and the testimony covers 6,000
printed pages of record of the commis
sion. This intelligence, which was flashed
over the wires from Wasliington, was a
ramer startling on ox news to quite a
number of persous in and about this
city. In 1804 Augustine Ralph McDon
ald, a British subject, made application
in WTashington, and received a promise
of protection and the nedessary permits
from the Treasury department of the
United States, authorizing him to pur
chase cotton in the insurrectionary
States. He also secured an autograph
letter from President Lincoln to the offi
cers oi tne army and navy, directing j
them to assist him. He appeared to have
fabulous wealth, and made enormous
A &qmtter CWmv . .Ter lrft ft y
TUlr Ufm mmd Their
One does not hare to go to th far
West nor to the Pines to find pqutttYt,
a New York pap-r tells us. Just bMow
the south line of Central Park, and in
the very heart of the city, i a rocky
ledge which is covered with a human
population a large number of squat
ters. They have built their huts and
shanties on the rocks, comparatively free
from domiciliary visitations of . health
officers and policemen. Each squatter
has constructed his airy chateau at the
least possible expense to himself; fur
tive plunder from lumber-yards and
piles of dry-goods boxes have furnished
materials for the entire village on the
rocks. Perched up on these crags live a
curious population. They hang on the
edge of precipices like swallows under
the eaves of a barn ; their nests are
crowded all along the ledge like queer
parasites. The people themselves are
indescribable. They have no place in
the directory ; no street and number, no
landlord, and no permanent abode.
They are like the grasshoppers which
camp in the hedges of a cold day, and
when the sun arises they flee away.
As might be expected, this colony of
the rocks is not a specially law-abiding
one. The hand of the law is lightly felt
Tnrcliaws of cotton in Tjonisinna ainl
Arkansas, then in insurrection ftfminst I upon them. Whatever people may think
' I 1 . 1 1
who live in Drowu-etoue uuus- wu mj
the covpmmpnt. Bp.fora li conld
move his newly acquired property to i water-rates, and gas bills, these
market Congress, by a law, prohibited
the transfer of cotton from within the
Confederate lines. In January or Feb
ruary of 18G5 General Oaborne, of Illi
nois, and his troops came upon some
7,000 or 8,000 bales of cotton belonging
Mr. McDonald iu Louisiana and Arkan
sas, over which the British flag was fly
ing, and burned it. Then the Confed
erate soldiers in turn got hold of Mr.
McDonald's person, and, as the story
goes, made him pay $50,000 for his lib
erty. Mr. Augustine Ralph McDonald
next appears in Cincinnati, and as a
member of the firm of S. P. C. Clarke
& Co., of Memphis, Tenn., files a peti
tion in the United States District Court
for the Southern District of Ohio, Judge
II. H. Leavitt presiding, on the nine
teenth day of December, 1869, praying
to be adjudged a bankrupt, and offering
colonists cannot say Uiat the world is
governed too much. Very likely thre
are decent and worthy people among
these squatters. The community is not
altogether bad. But the police say that
when stolen goods or other plunder can
be traced to the upper part of the island,
they look among the houses on the
rocks. They do not always look in vain.
But in the irregular, ill-kept and squalid
clusters of villages which cover the
l?dge, one may be sure to find the moral
diseases naturally at home with dirt and
physical degradation.
Every once in a while wo hear ef some
colonist beating his wifo to death. Once
we recollect a mother killing her daugh
ter there, and the other day a atranger
was murdered in one of the shanties on
the rocks near the East river. The
scanty details of this last incident give a
to surrender all his assets for the benefit iJca of tue colony T"
looked to see where I was going, I only twilight wrought upon the river's face;
fled. The awful crash was imminent
why dithi't that villain come ! If I com
mitted the crime of ringing a bell, I
might get thrown overboard. But better
that than kill the boat. So iu blind des peration
I started such a rattling
"shivaree" down below as never had
astounded an engineer in this world be
fore, I fancy. Amid the frenzy of the
bells the engines began to back and fill
in a furious way, and my reason forsook
its throne we were about to crash into
the woods on the other side of the river.
Just then Mr. B. stepped calmly into
view on the hurricane deck. My soul
went out to him in gratitude. My dis
tress vanished; I would have felt safe on
the brink of Niagara with Mr. B. on the
hurricane deck. He blandly and sweetly
took his toothpick out of his mouth be
tween his fingers, as if it were a cigar-
we were just hi the act of climbing an
overhanging big tree, and the passen
gers were scudding astern like rata and
another day came when I ceased alto
gether to note them. Then, if that sun
set scene had been repeated, I would
have looked-upon it without rapture,
and would have commented upon it, in
wardly, after this fashion : This sun
means that we are going to have wind
to-morrow; that floating log means that
the river is rising, small thanks to it;
that ftlftnting mark on the water refers
to a bluff reef which is going to kill
somebody's steamboat one of these
nights, if it keeps on stretching out like
that; those tumbling " doiis : snow a
dissolving bar and a changing channel
there: the lines and circles in the slick
water oyer yonder are a warming that
that execrable place is shoaling np dan
gerously; that silver steak in the shadow
of the forest is the break from a new
snag, and he has located himself in the
very best place he could have found to
fish for steamboats; that tall, dead tree,
with ft single living branch, is not going
Original Roguery.
The ingenuity of roguery has seldom
been more displayed than in a case which
occurred in Glasgow some thirty years
ago, and which appears to have afforded
the materials from which a good many
stories have since been fabricated. A
large jewelry establishment in the busy
Scotch city one day received a visit from
a lady, who, after selecting goods to the
value of nearly a hundred pounds, dis
covered that she had not sufficient in
her purse to pay for them. She took
possession of the valuables, and request
ed that an assistant might go home with
her to receive the balance. Instead of
driving to her home, however, her coach
man made straight for a lunatic asylum,
where the astounded shop-assistant
found a couple of burly wardens ready
to receive him. A warrant had been
prepared for his committal, and the
asylum authorities had been already per
suaded that one of his many delusions
was that his heart-broken mother was
ll V m . m m
me purcnaser oi goods at a snop in
which he was employed, and that he had
been sent to receive payment. His
sanity wa3 afterwards satisfactorily es
tablished, but not until his 44 heart
broken" mother had eot safely off with
her booty. About the same time, a
village in the neighborhood of Oxford
was the scene of another ruse, even more
daring and ridiculous. Cholera was at
the time carrying off a good runny vic
tims in the neighboring" city, and, of
course, the tidings of it created no little
alarm in the surrounding villages, in one
or two of which it had indeed made its
appearance. Taking advantage of this
dismay, a rogue donned some sort of
a badge of authority, and stalked into
the midst of a rustic population with
the announcement that he was a govern
ment barber, and as it had been dis
covered that long hair rendered its pos
sessor peculiarly liable to cholera, he had
been sent down from London for the
purpose of gratuitously shearing the
whole village. This he actually accom
plished, in so far as the villagers were
adorned with hair of any commercial
value, and made off, leaving the credu
lous rustics to discover the ridiculous
hoax, and ensconce their heads in the
best artificial substitute their scanty wit
could devise. A clergyman of the neigh
borhood communicated the joke to the
Times, complaining that so many of
his flock had been fleeced that his- con
gregation on the following Sunday was
seriously reduced, the victims being
ashamed to appear in church.
of his creditors. He reports his liabili
ties at $177,380. and his assets consist
in a multitude of claims against various
parties in the South, some litigated, but
all. indorsed either 4 4 worthless" or
44 doubtful." On the schedule, classed
in the first category, was the following
entry: 44 Claim against General Os
borne, of the United States army, and
others, for the burning in January or
February, 1865, of from 7,000 to 8,000
bales of my cotton in Arkansas and
Louisiana." An order was granted to
sell the supposed worthless claims at
private sale, and the identical claim men
tioned above was sold to Mr. William
White, tobacco dealer on Front street,
Cincinnati, who had had other business
transanctions with Mr. McDonald, for
$20. The bankrupt applied for his' dis
charge, and, no objections being urged,
he was discharged of his debtn on the
16th of March, 1869, and took the usual
oath on the following day. The month
of May, 1871, witnessed the creation of
the treaty between England and the
United States, under which the mixed
commission on British and American
claims was organized. To this commis
sion Mr. Augustine Ralph McDonald
submitted a claim for identification in
the sum of 2, 500,000. It was the same
old claim which Mr. White had pur
chased from the assignee for $20, but
which now appeared again in the hands
of Mr. McDonald. Mr. McDonald, who
had disappeared from the city, pushed
his claim diligently, and in September,
1873, the award was made by the com
mission as stated done.
On account of the paralyzed condition
of the newly-elected Governor of Ne
vada, the inauguration ceremonies were
performed at his bedside by the joint
convention of the Legislature, who
marched to his room and there admin
istered the oath of cSce.'
' (
.If f fie V. S. .Vara I Amdeuty.
The troubles at the academy growing
out of the treatment of colored Cadet
Baker by members of the fourth class
still continues. Cadet Engineer Gordon
Claude, of Annapolis, was ordered dur
ing drill exercises to fence with the
colored midshipman, and this he posi
tively refused to do. The superinten
dent of the academy thereupon told the
young man he must obey orders or re
sign, but even this failed, and Claude
declined to do either. He was there
upon told to consult his father before
giving a final answer. The latter called
upon the superintendent and told him
that his son was raised as a Southerner,
and that he would, not advise him to do
what he would not do himself; Accord
ingly the young man was expelled from
the academy.
The sudden death of the Fourth
I Duchess of Oneida is chronicled in the
newspapers, though no particulars are
given regarding the character of the
malady which thus carried off an orna
ment to the society in which she moved.
The Duchera left one son only three
months old, a vigorous infant, promis
ing well, though totally neglected by his
father, the Fourteenth Duke of Thorn
dale. The Duchess died in this country,
where she had resided for several, year.
Her death will be generally regretted.
So a St. Louis paper pathetically says.
man, who was powerful enough to liave
taken care of himself when sober, came
to one of the huts where another man
dwelt by himself. Asking shelter for
the night, he agreed to furnish a bottle
of whisky for his entertainment. The
bargain was concluded, and the pair
made a night of it The host, as he
says, woke up from his drunken sleep
next morning to find his guest horribly
murdered and mangled on the floor of
the shanty. This is all the rest of the
world knows about it. .This single scene
gives us a fair idea of life and death - in
the colony of tho rocks a community
that lives in the basest heathenism in
sight of the costliest churches on the
continent, and by .which hundreds of
comfortable sinners weekly roll luxuri
ously to hear the GospeL
Civilization seems -to have stepped
over these outcasts. Here and there an
avenue or a railway has fbeen forced
through the rocky liarrier. ,and
colonists iu the way have fled, howling
at modern improvements. They have
melted into the great mass of crime and
misery nobody knows where. But, for
the most part, the singular people live
on, uncoEoerned with the cares that vex
others, and occupied with their goats,
pigs, ' and doubtful pursuits. It is a
singular anomaly this unlawful colony
on the verge of a high civilization. They
are squatters of such ancient usage that
they seem to have gained a title to their
homesteads. Sometimes the lawful pos
sessor of the rock finds the tenant so
difficult to dislodge that the campaign
against him is not worth all it costs.
j People crowded out from the lower part
of the city take refuge on the rocks like
rats driven out by fire or flood.
A XrwMrra Urrr.
The livers of drinkers present difft-r-ent
appearances, according to tho
habits of the victims and to the charmc
ter of their potations, 'A good deal of
information has been accumulated by
medical men upon this subject. One
eminent physician, after an examination
of seventy livers of druakard, mys
that in moderate drinkers the liver was
generally found to be pomewhat Urgrr
than usual, its texture softened, and its
outer surface spotted, with patches of
fatty infiltration extending two or three
lines into the tissue of the gland, the
rest of the viscus retaining its natural
color, and Us edges their normal sharp
ness. In those who had been more addicted
to the use of spirits the liver was still
larger, its edges were more obtuse, and
the patches of the fat on its surfaco
were larger and more numerous. In old
drunkards the livers are very large,
weighing at least six or eight pounds
often from ten to twelve; the edges are
very thick and much rounded; the tis
sue or substance of the gland a' meat
white with fat, soft, frtgile, and the
peritoneal covering could bo torn off
mith eae.
A healthy liver should show no trace
of fat; when that sets in it means slow
but certain death. The liver of the old
soaker was of enormous size, and had
undergone a thorough degeneration.
Too much fat is the result of dica
anyhow, but when it accumulates iu i r
around the internal organs, such as the
heart, liver or kidneys, it is time to
send for the undertaker.
The observations cited above were of
cases in ingiand, w he re iue-hob-mtiled
" liver is' not so common as iu
the United States, owing to the fact thtt
our drunkards kill themselves motiUy
with rum, brandy and whuky, width
produce the false membranes, adhesion,
puckering, etc., noticeable in
mortem examinations of drinkers livrt.
Persons addicted to drink usually lie
come fat, corpulent, even, and give indi
cations of unusual energy and strength,
but these are very fallacious, -and soon
pass away, to be succeeded by flabbinc,
languor, and trequently to exeewava
leanness, except of the abdomen, -wtiich
retains its protuberance, in consequence
of the deposition of fat in the fatty mem
brane covering the bowels in front.
It is quite safe to say that there is not
a single spirit drinker whose livsr is not
more or less affected by his indulgence,
whether it is occasional only or of con
tinuous repetition. It is impossible for
the liver to escape, for while the fumen
of drink are carried directly into the
brain, every drop of liquor that ia swal
lowed passes through the liver and acta
upon its tissues. The best illustration
of the effect of spirit upon the raw
tissues of the human lnxly may bo had
by holding a quantity of whisky, brsndy,
rum, gin, etc, in the mouth for a few
moments and then spitting it out. Tho
mouth and gums will be found parboil
ed and puckered up in a very uncom
ortable manner.
At a dinner party in " town" last
August, there were two sisters . present,
one a widow who haul juat emerged from
her weeds, the other not long married,
whose husband had lately gone to India
for a short terra. A young barrister
present was deputed to take the widow
into dinner. Unfortunately he was
under the impression that his nrtner
was the married lady whose husband
had just arrived in India. The conver
sation between them commenced by the
lady remarking how hot it was. ' Tea,
it is very hot," returned the young bar
rister. Then a happy thought suggested
itself to him, and he added, with a cheer
ful smile, " Bat not so Lot as the place
to which your husband has gone. The
look with which the lady answered this
happy uought will haunt tbat un
happy youth till his death.
lorttffH Extortion.
A French correspondent of the Phila
delphia i'rra writes: What is watted in
one hotel dinner iaAmcrica would keep
the the Grand Hotel in Pans a day. IJio
tariff on small things here is preposter
ous, and one must be constantly on the
watch to escape extortion. Take an
ordinary tariff in any one of tle rooms
and you see charged three francs for a
small basket of wood, one franc for a
L candle, half a franc on every candlo
bought outside, half ft franc for hot
water for bath in rooms, so much extra
for soap, a special fee for every errand
done by a cowl in Urionalre (and no other
servant of the bouse is allowed to go),
and at least a fxano to every subordinate,
from the yarcon to the emme dc chatn
brc Every guest pays the serratU
twice: first, in his regular bill in the
large item for services, and next, in his '
expected, and 'therefore his compelled,
generosity to them. : What would an
American at home think of this double
imposition I Even the hackmen, after
their full fare, look for ft "pour Loire ;"
in all the theaters the play-bill must be
paid for, and the little cricket that U
thrust under your feet costs several sous
in Trance and ft penny in England.
You cannot get ft good seat in church
without paying ft sixpence or a franc for
it. Then it is not to be wondered at
that, on Boxing-day, in' London, the
streets are crowded with privileged beg
gers; that French cities are besieged by
them, and that they swarm around you
all through Italy and Switzerland, be
cause the poor only copy afU r the hotels,
Llio play-houses, and the shurches.
Verily these are a money-getting and a
money- loving people.
Wright county, out West, recently
writing on woman's rights, said, "That
it is so seldom that women do write what
is right concerning their rite?, that it is
no more than right that when they do
write what is right of each rite, men
should willingly acknowledge that it is
right." Now if Mr. Wright is not right,
then he has no right to write the above;
n.l it wnnl.1 It hetter for him to Work
An Indiana farmer says he made $33 J at his trade, as every wheelwright should
per acre from bis corn last year, do.
Write, Wright, RUe, Right,
A school superintendent gave to ft
teacher the following sentence: A cynic
by the name of Wright, in Wright viUe, I of eleven cents; his check amounts to
A Uemry Cheek.
The trustees of a bankrupt estate in
Pittsburgh, Pa,, are engaged in paying
the creditors a dividend of ten per cent.,
amounting in all to about 220,000, and
among the claims is ooe from John E.
James, who' is ft creditor to the amount
one cent. When the mill closed tho
firm was indebted to him 50.11. Being -an
employee, S0 was preferred dtbt,
and this was immediately paid, leaving
the eleven cents remaining. In order to
pay his portion of the dividend, six cents
have been ryent in notifying James, and
a two-cent stamp Las been put on the
order to pay. The check is a large one, ,
and is worded so as to conform to the 1
bsTiVrcytcy set. : J

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