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0 / 75
GEORGE S. BAKER,
Editor and Proit.ietoii.
All letters addressed to
Geo. B. Bakes,
Fbiday Jilt, 2, 875.
I L.. IffS
Itontl Xlilx without full.
It is a (act that in every county in the
I Btate, where tlu Conservative parly has
Win power, the countici arc out
of debt, arid their paper is readily taken
at face value, and a number of them
have from Ten to twenty Thousand
dollars in Bank And in every county
where the Radical party lias been in pow-
er, the county scrip hs been at a dis-
count, and nearly evefv county has
asked fora special tar, to feod and fatten
the corrupt officials who hold the offices.
These are facta.
Fok the Courier.
Our Oofinty AJlViiir?-
In the paper of last week wc noticed
the extension of tie Bridge over Tar
River at Louisburg, ami characterized
it as an extravagant and useless ex
penditure of a largo sum of money to
be paid by a people wl o have already
been and arenow payin g burthensome
taxes, in consequence of the extrava- I
ganccs heretofore indulged in. This
too is being done by a coperation that
has not a cent of money in its Treasury
and whose drafts are being sold at a
discount of from 25 to33 J cents in the
dollar. If thework had been needed
at Louisburg, which is not admitted by
the writer, and he is sustained by
nearly the whole of the people of the
county, would H not have been much
better to have borne the occasional in-
: r . t i :i I
ii u i i i i I
T r o I
when the contractor could gel his
money for hit work immediately upon
its completion ? Then we could have
had it done as cheaply as individuals
get their work done for t e cash.-
And the inconvenience that the people
will undergo, by reason of the present
obstruction of travel across the Uridge,
for the next two months will be more
than they would have undergone with-
, in the next 20 years by reason of the
freshets in the River. But it is useless
to go further into details on this matter,
the people of, the C unty are almost a
unit in opposition to this measure.
Another matter of very serious con
cern to the people, was the enormous
expense in arranging for collecting the
State and County taxes for the year
1874. This cost was very nearly if
not over one thousand dollars, iu items
as follows ;
J. B. Tucker Kegistcr for making
out tax list, $ 589.60
24 List Takers (aj $0 each 144.00
8 : : (a) 10 : 80 00
. 10 Meetings of Board of Com
missioners at a cost of 20 per
. day, 200.00
Makiug . 1013.CO
This docs not embrace the pay of the
Township Boards of Trustees for meet
ing in Louisburg with the County
Commissioners for the purpose of equal
izing the taxation mhich would cost at
least twenty dollars more, nor is the
pay of the Register for issuing n ticcs,
and the Sheriff for serving the sanre,
relative to the tax list, and the Sheriff
for delivering the lists, to the list takes
inclunod therein. The above item
of 1589.60 to J. H. Tucker was ac
tually paid in orders issued. That to
the list takers is made upon an ennu
jncration of them and what the law
allows each one That of the Board ot
Commissioner! r ten meetings for
that purpose may exceed a time or two
tho number that they Were engaged on
arraneinc the tax list, hut this will be
juado up by the pay oHthe Sheriff and
"' ifegistcr for issuing nd serving notice,
and delivery of tax lists to the several
Boards of Trustees. So. that it cannot
fall short of one thous nd dollars
The allowance to J. B, Tucker the
Register for making put the tax list ia
as the writer thinks more than the law
allows for that service. For the other:
he supr.osos it i in accordance with
This is a h.eavy expenditure.
Though it is not greatly more than the
law allows And it is not certain that
more than one item U too wuch for the
service rendered, Hut the machinery
U too cumhersome and heavy, It takes
toomanj to do tlio work. Too many
men are eqgget doing what ought
to he done hy a tew. Ia there any
good reason why there should he more
than one list take? n each township,
as was the case under the old Constitu
tion. Vfa can think of none, and do
Hot believe there is n particle of reason
for it. Vet nndor ljo 'onsfjtntion
there mast be three each in eight toxi.
ships, and four in the other two, thus
taking and paying 32 men to do what
ten ought to, and did under the old
Constitution. Thus it will be seen
that this one it em alone casts the count y
over $1,000 before it reach the hands
of the Sheriff. This to the j writes
seems an enormous cost. 8ome of it
might have been obviated by the C m
missioncrs. But under our system of
government it roust . necessarily have
been large. Much gr.a'tr than is
necessary under a wise and well work
ing machinery which has ccpnomy in
view in all its parts.
These ar Icles mijrht be greatly ex
tended, for the material from which to
draw is almost inexhaustible, fcut as the
('otjriek b hittinz hard and telling
.... M.i tl,; Vrnonaivo .nil
burdensome system of government, as
well as the mismanagement of thcof-
ficers in contest, I will close by saying
to the people, that if they desire a
they ft -
. , . . . '
government, if they desire a vigilant
County government, which will scroti
njM wjth argus eyes every claim against
the people of the County, and see that
none passes that should not pass, if they
want to put. down recklessness and ex
travagance, if they want to get back to
a cash paying basis, if they want once
more to have the Couuty managed iu
the interest of the people, instead of in
the interest of the office holdets, let
them, put their energies forth, and
carry our ticket to victory this summer,
which will assure victory next year.
When it is hoped that we will once
more see the days of official probity
prevailing in our midst.
The people and the writer are yet
foe the Courier.
Tolm'si Pay at 7as-
Ed. Courier: -
r The nativity ot Bt. j
John the Baptist, who was born, as
a w a it 3! I
suppose, on X4in june, Anno tiuuai
baaa - 1 i u I
tk. iam f v.t. kr;.in l
About 10 A. M., the Masons present
inarched in procession ar und Harri-
ion's Squarr, and then to the speakers
stand near the center, accompained by
tb a Louisburg Amateur Band, which
upon invitation kindly contributed its
grand harmonies to grace the dignity,
as will as to enhance the jovial spirit,
ol tbs festival.
; Alter a feeling prayer by Rev. E.
Bobbitt. Maj. Robert Bingham, Prin
cipal of the Bingham School, was in
troduced by Maj. A. M. Noble to an
audieree of abvdt 700 ladies and gen-
tlemer, as orator of the day. ; Having
made his preliminary in an easy and
graceful manner, he proceeded, with
out tbe aid ol manuscript, to the argu
ment ot his address, which was in tbe
main: that the Masonic Order was
neither self-righteous nor exclusive
that its chief object was to organize
the benevolence and charity ot man
kind, he relics of our primeval purity,
for the purpose of securing to all men
the comlort of mutual assistance and
fellowship in this life that its minis
trations began with the cradle and eli
ded with the grave that while it did
not conflict with Christianity, it did
not offer itself to the world as a sub
stitute therefor that it war the tem
poral adjunct of the Church for good
work?, but claimed no spiritual in
fluence beyond the n flection of good
deeds upon the heart ol the doer,
He made a touching appeal in behalf
of the Orphan Asylum, and closed
with an . exhortation to his masonic
brethren which was very impressive.
He seemed to have the attention of
the audience at his command. The
fact w, this address was in good taste,
forcible, practical modest in the
archaeological, and free from the mys
t cal. TLi gentleman, upon whom
has fallen tbe mantle worn and adorn
ed by his grand father, father and
brother has assumed the management
of the moat noted school in oar State.
with their experienct added to his
own, and he has already given evi
dence of his ability to utilize it, and
I pake It work out even greater things
ror cn ducatioo.
After a short respite, during which
we listened to some ot the finest music
al air. Past Master A. Mt Noble pro.,
ceeded to install the officers of Ct
Lodge for next term.
' Dinner waa then announced, and the
crowd repsired to the grove of Mr.
Henry Bedgpeth, where we found
a table long anongh for the "twelve
tribce' loaded with seasonable and
After dinner, Co W. F. Green, our
accomplished candidate was loudly
and repeatedly called tor. With some
hesitation, for fear that the poByention
waa not invited, he mounted the s and
and after a graceful recognition of the
pnmioent feature of the pecaaion, be
SO adroitly interlinked the political is,
sua thaf ey en thj ladies were Induced to
listen to a clear and thoioogb expoair
tjouof our cause, which perhapa will
not be surpasaed il equaled doriag the
-B. II. Buna, EsqM candidate lor
Con veition from Nash, well known as
an earnest and logical debater, was
eagerly called for. He took cp the
Ojuestiqa vth,put any pielinlnary re:
marks, and presented it concisely wlrii
great force and fine effect. . If work
and ability combined will elect a man,
Nash will be proud of ber delegate.
Bet.ator C. 1L Cooke, who had won
the hearts of the people of Nash dar
ing tue campaign of '74, was next
called out, and his well-timed and
pointed remarks received lepeated ap
plause. You may fill up the "dish" with
mnsic and love" and lemonade and per
9 piration, and Jacko Watts (who repre
seated hi Honor "a la mode'') The
enjoyment of the occasion was due
to good order, go I speaking, fine
music, good will, hospitality and
peace. In bebalt of the LoJge and
citizens of Castalia you mast print our
thanks to the young gentlemen of the
L A Band whose handsome appear
ance and elegant peiformance won the
admiration of all. The writer suspects
there were a few vibrations whose
philosophy has defied the laws of both
optics and acoustics from time imme
Distinctions should not be made
where all did so wt", bet the manage
ment and hospital 5. a o Cr.pt. Jno. A.
Harrison, recently Master of C. L., and
of W. T. .T.:l
Inl 1504 the cold was so intense
that the Thames in England, was cov
ered with ice sixty-one inches thick.
In 1693 the cold was so excessive that
the famished wolves entered Vienna
and attacked beasts, and even men.
Many people in Germany were frozen
to death in 1695 and 1699 was nearly
as bad. In 1709 occurred that -famous
winter called by distinction, the col
winder. All the rives and lakes were
frozen, and even the sea for several
miles from the shore. ihe ground
was frozen nine feet deep. Birds and.
beasts were struck dead in the fields,
and men periahed by thousands in their
houses. In the south of France the
wine plantations were almost destroyed.
The Adriatic sea was frozen, and
. thft Md;t-flnftfln about Genoa:
w.. o o
In 1716 the winter was so intense
that people travelled acruss the straits
from Copenhagen to the province of
Senia, in Sweden. In 1726,in Scotland,
toi-oH oTtronu v in rho tinfsr. nitriR it
multitudes of cattle and sheep
buried in the snow. In 1740 ihe
winter was as cold as that of 1 70.
The Zayder dee was frozen and thous
ands went over it. 1744, and 1755 the
winters were very cold. In 1771 the
Elbe was frozen to the bottom. Vast
numbers of. the feathered and fmuy
We can only learn from history the
severity of those winters. But do we
notknow from bitter experience that
the winter of 1874, was the coldest
that we ever felt. The old people shake
their heads very knowingly, and say
this was the coldest winter they have
From tee Southern Cultivator.
A-iicl old Receipt Worth
Ten Xollaiss to tiny ITuv-
Take one part f
part bees wax ani
over a Vcv
4 x v a pod fresh or
!vi melt together
to be sure net to
: makes an oint;
t:u to any thine I
have ever seen tried, for the flesh of
eithtr horses or cattle, for either fresh
or old sores, and is especially good .to
remove old dry scabs. It softens the
scab, and it ?ouies off leaving the skin
soft and tough.
I was using a horse a cold muddy
winter day and the next morning his
leg was swollen and rough and so stiff
that it seemed to be very difficult for
him to nove. I brushed off the dirt
aud applied the ointment as soon as I
could after 1 found it out. I made the
application corning and evening for
two days, and the third day only one
application, and the hor&e was cured.
I was compelled to use the horse a lit-
tla the first day, and after two hours
light work, he worked as well and free
as ever, and I kejt on using him every
day. .... ? ,
Tha mixture is the best I have ever
used for boots or shoes for out door
use, as it makes spongy leather water
proof, and hard leather soft. '
In a good many sections of this State
thU new system has become satisfacto-
I tho PeoP or ai least they accept
It WlUtOUt COtliTiTaint. Tn ntbra It l.i.
al way been unpopular from the char-
apWr of the incuuibeutg, and there
have recently been exposed by the press
an amount of fraud aud oorrup..ion
oulj possible iu the administration of
pounty affairs under such a system.
Alanmpf,. of the Roanoke iYeics, h s
unearthed an enormous sniount of it
in Halifax Blow, of the Oxford
Leader, has done the same for Gran
miw buio 101 vrran-
YP!, kcr, of the Loislrarg
Conr.er, fur Franklin.
In the latter couuty it is charged
the county has lest $50,000 since 1
bUO iwur UIB' uu v I. J ,uuiuiueivuvi
system by accounts prrd nt properly
audited, by warrants for services not
rendered, or by warrants the face
value of which had been so altered as
to jive the holder claim for twice or
thrice what he was entitled to. And
investigation is sustaining the truth of
these charges. I would be well that a
general scrutiny should b had. R.
We offer for sale for the next thirty
Our Entire Stock of
LADIES DRESS Goods
at New York Cost prices
together with a large variety of other
goods, at, Greatly Reduced Prices call
early while the assortment is guod.
jane 15th 1875.
'Having dctrrraintd to leave thi
pleasant little Town of Lniiiehurr, I
offer my HOUSE and LOT for Bale.
This property is situt.t-d in the Eastern
part of tbe Town on Tan. Street, n en
Hevatinn and very healthy, there is
1 acres in aid Lot, wih a TWO
S TORY DW ELL1 iO, 4 R M.n-.g 18 f t
square, 1 Dining and (Jo k Rrxm 18
feet square in the J3atemtnt, witb an
tfflce and othir out nou.-es on the
premise?, and ore of the let well or
wacr in the State, in 80 fett of the
llonpf. A'so nnojh-r Lor. thrti-F nrths
ot an acre with a GOOD 11 Jl, on
thp opposite Ride ol tliesTt-e.
1ms property ran be bought heip
for CASH. t on reasonable tiui. .
pi pepooSon sriven nnv tini .
J3T Apply to
P. P. Expecting to leave soon, I
ht-ret-y give notice to all persons ir.
dbttd to n.e as 1 ite Siux-rior Court
Clerk of tbe County ot Franklin, or
otherwise, topctt!e with mely July 1st
r tli-y may nave Cost to pay. I
mran wbat 1 say, all ptrsts having
claims against m, will prefent them
W. H. F.
31 ty 21-4- r
LOOK TO YOUR IN
You can buy the following Ar
ticles at the Dru; Store at 3 per cent
less than the manufacturers retail
( Vinegar Bilters.
Simmon's Liver Rcsula-
And many other standard article?.
S--0 B A
Always charged and sparkling.
SODA TICKETS $1.00 per Dozen.
CALL at the DRUG STORE.
AGENT FOR THE
WHEELER L WILSON
LOUISBURG, N. a
IdP" Office at -Eagle Hotel"
V A 11 HO RO TTH If IIOTTwl?
G. W. BLAC KNELL, Proprietor
Uave your JOB WORK done at the
1 r Os fW
JPov Bale !
vir vj T1m: f Camp
COTTON FACTORS ASD
23,25 and 27 Ccnimcrce Ft.
A oruflt, Fa.
Wir make liberal Onrrencr advan
ceaon produce or bill lading Iu hand.
Mr. A. y. Noble, of N. ., is cot
nected with our house, and will be
pleased to receive the patronage of
LOUISBURG, N. C
SASH, BLINDS AND
MADE to ORDER, and all kinds of
I -Machine work done at short notice, ion
as reasonable terms as elsewhere ic the
State. All grades of Coffiin, Furnish
ed, with hearse.
Tongue and Groove floor
ing and ceiling, a
Lathes alwsy on
SMITH & BEACH AM.
WHOLE8ALK ti ItOCERS
Commit .? i u n M e r c h u 11 t .,
.o. o" FnyHt vii?. Mn tt,
KALKiOH, X. ( .
Onpolt ''etr ji.ili'Hn 1T,M.
Thi mtic ICecnt COT FL, ifter harinR
been tb' ronchly renoTatl and rt fitted. U
now opto f.r the ao rmmrVi'ion ffgaU.
Board, firt and second floor. $3 per dar.
Tliird and fourth flor, 12,50 per day.
Liberal Urms to permanent CoarJere
ladies Trimmed Hats.
A fresh supply of Trirrmed lUts;
Latest styles vcr cheap, Jut re
White & Shaw,
Calico. s, Percals a- d
NEW STYLE CALICOES
NEW STILE PER0ALE3.
A second supply oftho.se cheap use
ful victoria Lawns, just received, by
White & Shaw,
A handsome lot of New style silk
A supply of Sash, Bonnet and
Just received by
White & Shaw.
Grain Cradles &c.
A supply of Grain Cradles and
For Fale by
White & Shaw.
Choice Cider Ycncgar.
Three Barrels Tore Cider Yenear,
1 wo years old.
For Fale bjr
White & Shaw
Ho Sap Euissy.
Oqe handsome new style bqx body
White & SSiaw,
WUISBUBG, N. 0.
The present proprl tar has leased
Ue Eagle Hotel, (formerly occupied
by James Dent) fo a number of year.
Pe Is prepared to accommodate
regular and transient boarders, has
nice rooms, we 1 furnUhed. aud fitted
up In the best style. I'e ha also large
and eonvenleut rooms for Falesn e- to
display Ibelr sanipTes. The table ts
dallr supplied with the best the m r
kct affords He will spare no pains
in making Ms. boarders comfortable,
and hopes he will receive a liberal
patronage from the public.
Jan. 8th 175.
Tne only Blacklrg that will
Polish Over Oiled Sur
face PRESERVE THE LEATHER t
H. A. REAMS & Co.
Manufacturers of Reams
Durham IKt and Shoe Polish,
IVarruuUd to Exl AH OtAera or
The on?y Llacking that will polish
cn oiled nrfac. It is guaranteed to
preserve the hatl er and ruake It pliant,
rtqclriog lefs qaactity and time to
produce a perhct . tastban any other,
1 be brash to he applied immediately
ihtr putting on thr blaiking. A per
f ct Klom ,rom fhis will ot soil even
white cloihea. We narantt it aa
reprcavntef4, and ask lor patronage
strictly on iu mrtita.
In testing x.r blacking use a 1rnh
that lias dm other on it Piicts as low
a thtr B'ackirp. IJUial arrag
mnts iiiaue wuh luvicbanta ttu
II. A. REAM? iro.,
llanulaciuitr?, Darbaui, N. C,
T'.is Blacking is r commenced In
he hihtat urms, aft r rial, by Oe.
F. DrD, J. Howard Warner, New
Yo k; tbe Preidt-nt and Prolrs-ora f
Wake r.fet (;. Ihgr; muI lare nuov
b-r of nenthmen in and around Dnr-
m, wbo3e certifica'cs have beea lur
r.ifheti tbe ilanuiactnrtt a, 0
Orders solicited and promptly filled.
Valuable Flouring, Grist
and Saw Mills, for Sales
Tbe Davis mill property situated a
Sandy Crtek in Franklin county is of
fered for sIc on reaeonable terms.
Tbe Mills are in good running order.
and draw custom from a large roup !
country. Connected with the mills Is
80 acres of good land.
A pp!y to W. L. THORP,
Rky Mount N.CJ
G. W. MINNIS,
Old Xo. 47, New 141 Sycamore St.
Executes every style ot likeness Iron
caid to life size, iu tbe best stvles of
'at Prices moderate. satisfaction
guaranteed. Gallery established U 1874
Oct. 2 ly .. .
Watchmaker and Jctt-
rnrs Watches and - Jewelry eJ tbe kes
MauiiCtcturs and at 11 lowe-1 p. Icra.
AU wort penottdry mttnOttd ta ad w
To the Public.
Having moved my shop to my bouse
about halt mile from the business part
of Town, on the Franklin too road. I
take pleasure ia Infoxmioz the people
of Franklin, that I am prepared to do
an worK in my line as cbeap as can b
done elsewhere. I aa rery thanklul
for past patronage, aad sincerely hope
um yuu m ui coaussa vo paooaiza ct
I am very Respect fauy,
P. S. Parties wishia? to have work
dooe, will leave ft with tlr. XHard, at
Messrs. Barrow & Pleaaasts store aad
rill be attended to promptly.
Xo. 1 Fayettrrille 8treer(
RAXXIOH, 1?, C.
JXank Bock HanvfuctiatT,
ffewspapcr, Uagazlaes sad Lttf
Books ot every description
bound la tbe very beat
Style aad at Invest Prices,
Oflers his Protesaknal Bcrvicea to
ha pobhc in
.Crrjxf dtpitrimtnt T
LaoUborg at Warreatoa onr
Dents Hotel, Korwood & Davis' 8torf.
JOS. J. D AVIS.
ITf'T El COnSSELlOR tllAV
Will praeiio la ihm trrl' Courts of Graa
vtUa JTraaklia, Maa, WimoudWikt.
ta. froapt atto&tloa pdJ to t eoU .
lion ud rBittaae ol bmmt.
Jmij 15, 1S71. 1
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Fjuutxutxok, N. C.
TTin practice la the courts of the 6ih
Prompt attention given to the collec
tioa of claims. No 50-tf
CILCoob, . H. Sieicer
COOE. & GPEUGEIl
ATIOEHETS AID CODHSELLOHS
And Solicitors ta
LOUISBURG N. C.
Will attend the CojrUf Nah,Frai k
lio.G raavill, Warien.and Wake (un.
t al the Supreme Onurt ! Nor h
t arolina and the U. S. Circuit and oi
Cootta. Ni. 7-tf
H A RN S S
I lav- Jut nrtenet! liarnevs aod
Btdille b p io L uUlur, I h
kwp kIij oa hand gol stock 4
Vlkcliirw rode Ilaroran and Buddies.
J 1 entp'oy pool and riperi-nce woik
met 9 aud I arrant all the wtt-k put up
- a a m
by me ; all kind id repairii in ay
line done o ort tv le nii in viry
rraaon sble term. My Siiup Is over Mr.
T. K. Carlitc'a tStorf on Main Mrr4.
E3T" I solicit the patronage ol the
pvple c-t Franklir.
Y. B. CLIFTON.
At my Gallery over Mr. T. N". Tar
lilt's Btore can I found at all times,
round, square and rustic frames. I am
also prepaied to take Gem tvpes. Hrd
and cabinet aixe Photograph.
When you waat a good picture a4
yourself and family, call at my Gaikry.
y. a curiox
SIX REASOnS VHY
TOU SHOULD IX1UKX ZX
THE PEN5 IIUTUAL
life n:sinAi:sE ccwpaiiy.
&21 CHESTSUT STREET.
. 1st. IWrtcf It Is oce ol the oHa
eosspaales lo tbe oouatry, and past Ue
day ot experiments.
2d. Because every PoUey belder Is
a member ol tbe Ccxnpaay, eutitfedto
all tts adTaatages aad privileges, sat
I lug a right to rota ai all elections for
trusteea, aad thua has aa In florae la
Sd Icaoae it has the largest accu
mulated foxd of any Life Insurance
Company ia the State.
4th. Because by ecoonmical maa
ageoea its ratio of expenses to total
lacome is tar below tho average ot Ufa
Coapaaica, (Sea Odd si Insure ace
atfe. Eecassa It has declared mora
dividends ta number, aad of a larger
sTtrtajxreaataa, thaa aay Coapaay
ia the United States.
For example: Policy Vo It, for
t0C0, baa beea paid to the widow of
a Philadelphia merchant, ipoa which
twenty-three dividends bad beea da
clarcd, ave4aging tilj eerta per cest.
Cad these divinends beea used H pur
chase additioos to this policy, $5,044
mote wouid have beea rtsJixed oak
ag the policy worth $1 1,048.
etbt Because It ulibtral ia its man
agement, prompt la iu settUcmcats,
lata beyond a coatlsgeacy, aad its ratta
are aa low as aay first-data Compaay
ia the cnustry.
Principal Featarea. Small expense,
abaolate security arge retura preaiaau,
prompt payment of losses, aad liberali
ty to the intured.
TT. IL FHICII, Gea'l, Ifintgtr for
7. , pt SrETmL, Geu'L Agtaf,
rrsrAl;;tca, IT. C. -. . ; . - -