North Carolina Newspapers

j .i i.J u ,l i it.
' Oh, keep thcrin, on'a Utile J er w ' ;
Keep poor Klia's ring!.
And shed on it the silent tear,
In secret sorrowing.
H. . ji-iti &nmm tmmnjli mm' m
"Thy lip; on which her )vf Iwrt klv-
"f 7 Vcl Unpen moist and wann,7'
.bl(, trfptrthem Sot for ici ditli3
Ob, keep it as a charm.
a -
lliesc haunts arc sacred, to her lotir.
Hereby Hir presewdwcUs r
Of her the grot, of her the grove, . '
" Iknesth uiesc elms you iiiteant! tslk'd,
Betide Out river' brink,
At evening arm-in-wrtn yon walk' J,
Here atop to gaze and tliink.
ThouTl meet her when thy blood beat high,
In converse -with thy bride j""
Icet the null meaning of an eye
Thatwevcr learnt'i-i cWdc. "'
Oil, no, by Heaven, another here
( Thou canst not, must not bring;
Nay, keep it but one little year,
Keep poor Euti'a ring.,
, oaioiv or the bed rose.
As erst in Eden's blissful bowers,
Young Eve nrveyed her countless flowers,
" An opening Hose, of purest white,
She marked, with eyea that beam'd delight j
It leaves she kissed, and, straight, it drey
r JFxom. beauty. ' lip tkc.vermeil luxe. ......
'lAtertirS Extracts, &c.
'Hie Ttuc of Tillage.
midi fcml the ti,',U of beitt.ty uppiu inly )iclJ
in?; In lii1 arm, the confidewe tX b'n power ovti
Ucr, and the dread of loiiir; her forevcri all con
spired to overwlu Int Ms better fn'll'ijjn he ven
turcd to i)i t)o .c that she should leave her home,
tini" be the companion of hi fortunes. t -
' lit. w.s quite a notice in scdtuiion, r.nJ Unsh
ed und fait; l ed. at his wn baseness; but to inno
cent if mind was his Intended victim, thut she
tit first was at a loss to comprehend his meaning ;
wly she sli&ti!dJcavc:hctJutlvc ullagc'-aiid
the humble roof of her parents ' When at lust
the nature of his proposaUilasHedjJpon her pure
mind, the effect was withering. She did not
wecrH-shc did not break forth h'to reproaches
hc said not a word but the shrunk back aghast
hi from a viper, gave him a lookof anguish that
pierced to-his very -oulT aud tlaspingher-lund
fajggPT fled as iffof- refuge, to her father's
(coxclvosb rio.v ov last.
Perhaps there could not have been a passion,
between the sexes, more pure than this innocent
girl's. The RalUnt fig'irc of her youthful-admirer,
the splendor of his military array, might
:it first have charmed her eye ; but it was not
these thut had captivated her heart. Her attach
ment had something in h of idolatry She looked
up to him as a being of a superior species She
felt in his society the enthusiasm of a mind nat
urally delicate and poetical, aricK now first awake
ried to a keen perception of the beautiful and
prand. Of the sordid distinctions or rank and
lortune, she thought nothing; it was the differ
ence of intellect, of appearance, of rnanner, from
the rustic society to which she had been accusto
med, that elevated him in her opinion. She
would listen to him with charmed ear and down
cast look of mute de fight, and her cheek would
mantle with enthusiasm ;'or if ever she ventured
a shy glance of timid admiration, it was as quick
ly withdrawn, and she wojjW . sigh and bluih at
the idea of her comparative unwbrthlness.
Her lover was equally impassioned : but his
TiaWcrTte Kaa begun the connexion in levity ;
iur uc nua oucn ncaru ius orotner. outcers iwast ol
their village tonjuests,and thought some triumph
of the kind necessary to his reputation as a man
of spirit. But he was too full of youthful fervor.
His heart had not yet been rendered sufficient!
cold and selfish by a wandering and a dissipated
inc : u caugiu lire irom tiie very Ilame it sought
to kindle ; and before; he was aware xf the na
ture of his situation, he became really in love.:
What was he to do f There were the old obsta-
,des uhick incessantly occur in these heedless
i4t4cbineivts.-llis; rank in life the prejudices of
tilled connexions- his tlen'enderice.umm a nroud
matrimony : -nut When he looked down upon this
annoccr.t hclngaOh4elKleaMlonnTrgRh
and repentant. It is uncertamjwhat might have,
been the rreVu'ir6f . "the" cenHict of his' feelings
had not his thoughts been (livcrteij by theiystje
of aepurture. New. scenes, new pleasures, and
iiew companions, sootf disftipatca h'u ivlf re
proaclvand stifled his tcmlcrness. Yet, anndst
the slir of cahips,' the' re veil les of gurrlsons, the
array of armies, nud even the din of fatties, his
thoughts would sometimes steal back to the scene
of rural 'quiet and village simplicltyhc while
cottage the footpath alonj the silvdr brook und
up the hawthorn hedge, and the little villain ntaid
lonering along It; leaning' fan Ms arm, and listen
ing to him with eyfrbcaming with unconscious
atTctioft73' ,M-.Z- '--
' The shock which the poor girl had received,
in the destruction of all her ideal wot Id, had in
deed been cruel. Paintings and hystericks had at
first shaken her tender frame, and were succee
ded by a settled and pining melancholy. She
had beheld from her window the marsh of the
departing troops. She had seen her faithless br
er borne ofl,'as if in Triumph, amidst the sound of
drum and trumpet, and the pomp of arms. She
strained a last aching gaze after him, as the mor
ning sun glittered about his figure, and his plume
waved in the breeze: he passed away like a
bright vision from her sight arid left her in
darkness; ' "
- It would be trite to dwell on the particulars of
her after story. It was, like other tales of love,
melancholy. She avoided society, and wandered
out alone in the walks she had most frequented
with her lover. She sought, like the stricken
deer, to weep in silence and loneliness and brood
over the barbed sorrow that rankled in her soul.
She would sometimes be seen silting in the porch
of the village church late of an evening und the
milkmaids, returning from the fields, would now
and then hear her voice singuig some plaintive
ditty in the hawthorn walk. She became fervent
in her devotions at church, and as the old people
saw her approach, so wasted away, yet with hec
tic bloom, and that hallowed air which melan
choly diffuses round the form, they would make
way for her, as for something spiritual, and, look-
mg auer ner, woum nae meir fleaas in gloomy
She felt a Conviction that she was hastening to
the tomb, but looked forward to it as a place of
rsr ti a . i . i a .
rest, i ne silver cora mat nad oound her to ex
istence was loosedrandnhcfeeelhTdT6Dno
more pleasure under the sun. If ever her gen
was a purity iii.her manners, a blamelessness in
her life, and a beseeching modesty in her looks,
V- inataweacfownevtry Jicentious feeling. Inrvain
a thouaandivcatt-
:rirtr- lesvcuamplek df men of fashion, and to chill the
iisive leyjrywiih which he had.he.ard them talk
Tfma"e" v her pres
ence, she was still surrounded by that mysterious,
but Impassive charm of virgin purity, in which
-namlty thought c'an"liver"T ' " " ' - - -
, The;8idden afilrarof orders for ; the iegixnent
. v to rcuair tothe cotinetitcompleted (he confusion
of liHTOwd- ..lie remained for a short timeini
: state' of the most painful irresolution ; he hesita-
tt'd'to communicatc'.the tidings, until the 'dayjo'r
Jiiaw-ptig . wa at nar.ti j when he gave her '.the In
4 - telliCDcc- in the course of an evenlnc ramble.
, The idea of parting had. never before occurred
-, . w her. it'broke in at once upon-a dream of fe
bcity ; she looked upon it as a suddt-n nnd -inhtrl
rC'.-.'c 6vil ad wept with the guileless sini-
'L ; P1Wity of a child. IU drew her to' his bosom,
l ; jw' h;Vie.?ca.r?rtWil .her" soft check nor did
- lir mVct with a tcpntsef for there are -moments of
; '. ??:d sorrow and ttnc'ernts. whieh hallow 1
. .. - - - -
Lcr it inur.t lover ! He rushed the no ,
,,! Ucw to chp hcrtohli'.owm but her wasted
form-hcr !c;ah-liko countcnanre-s .wan, .yet
so luvtly in ita (Icsohtlon, smote him to the M'Ul.
and he threw himself in an vgony at her fect.
She was too fiint to rise she attempted to extend
her tremblin- hand her lips moved as if she
inoke'but na sound, was articulated she looked
down upon him wi(h an expression oi uhuii
bio tenderness, and closed heeye forever-
.SucJuarclhcparticuIars wInch J ciiertf oi
thi villi? storv. -I have passed through the
place since, and visited llie church again from a
better motive than mere curiosity. , It was a win-
try evening; the trees were, stripped ol their
foliage t 'the church yard '.looked . naked and
mournful, and the w ind rustled coldly- through
tho dry fassErergreens, however, had been
planted alwut the grave of the village favourite,
and oiicri:ttifihcnt over It to keep the turf tin-
injured. -Thecta
"i'here hung the chaplet of flowers and the
were withered, it is true, out care seemea to nave
been taken thatno dqstshouldjojllbeirjvhitcness
I havceerf 'manfmonutnentsV where art has ex
hausted its 'powers to awaken the sympathy of
the spectator, but I nave met with none that
spoke more touching! jr jo raj heart, than jliis
simple," bufdelicatc memento of "deforted inno
cence. ...
tic bosom had entertained resentment against her
lover, it was extinguished. She was incapable
of angry passions, and in a moment of saddened
tenderness, she penned him a farewell letter.
It was couched in the simplest language : but
touching from its very simplicity, - She told him
, ! 1 . . . .
mat sne was oymg, ana am not conceal trom him
tSSOfiCaatf 'Waat.Ifii eiplrlehf ea";but
concluded with saying, that she could not die in
peace, until she had sent him bcr forgiveness and
blessing. 1
By degrees her strength declined and she
could no longer leave the- cottage. - She could
only totter to the window,' where, propped up in
her chair, it was her enjoyment to sit all day and
look out upon the landscape. Still she uttered
Jie, complaint nor imparted toany one the mal
ady that was preying on her heart. She never
even mentioned her lover's name but would lay
lerhe&l on her mother's bosom end wceD in si-
lencCfc j Her poor parents hung, in mute anxiety,
-w ," -I'-z'-.'S v.iws9oui o( uicir nopes, stlii tiai
teting themselves that it might again revive to
freshness and lhat the bright unearthly-bloom
winch sometimes Hushed her cheek might be
the promise ot returning health.
fn this way she was seated between them one
Sunday afternoon ; her bands were clasped in
theirs, the lattice wm
air that stojc in, brought with it the fragrance of
me clustering noneysucRie, thatjicr own hands
had trained rotmdthewindoift'
Her father had just been feadirig.a chapter, in
the bible ; it spoke of the vanity of worldly things,
andihe, Joy s,ii .beaven-1 - it seemed to have r dif
fused comfort and serenity throueh her bosom.
Her eye was fixed on, tho distant vniago chliSh
tne ben naa lolled tor .the evening -service the
lasuiuagcr was lagging into tne poixtisnue ve
ry thing had sunk into that hallowed stillness-pe'
culiar to thejday of Jst.HeLP3KntiJvere ga
zing on her with yearning hearts Sickness and
sorrow, which pass so roughly over some faces,
uau given lu ners me expression ot a seraph s.
A tear trembled in her soft blue eye Was she
thinking of her faithless lover? or were her
thoughts, wandering to that distant Tchurch-yard,
into vynose Ppsom .she -might soon he gathered ?
- Suddenly the clang of hoofs was heard--'a
horseman gaHopped to the .cottage he demount'
cu beiore the window- the .vnoor cirl fclve'. fidut
Fnm u MiLLta't aiTaos rtcT or ths 13tb cnTTaT.,l
The method of announcing political events
and the various articles of foreign and domes
tic intelligence," which' usually engage the at
tention ot the public, by means of Gazettes
or Newspapers t seems to have been first em
ployed in Italy, as early as the year 1536.
It was in that country that these vehicles of
information received the . name Gazetta,
which they have ever since retained.!
inc earnest newspaper pnnieu in ureal
Britain was The -Enelish - Mercuric bv
Christopher Barker, her highness' printer,1
in 1588. But public prints of i this kind, af
ter the dispersion of the Spanish Armada,
seldom appeared. The first regular weekly
newspaper published in that country was by
w The certaine Nerves of this present Weeie."
Three years afterwards, another of a similar
kind was established. But, during the civil
wars, which took place under the Protectorate
of Cromwell, these channels of public intei-
iigence necame more numerous than ever ;
and were (filigently employed by both partie?
to disseminate their opinions among the peo
ple." 'About that time appeared the Mercu-
tu jimiwfi lucTcuTiui iKusiicvs,ana tne
Mercurtus Livicus &c. - And,' Jt is said, that
" when any title grew popular, it was fre
nuendy stolen by some antagonist, who, by
this stratagem, obtained access to those who
wouldnnortaveeTvecrhim had he not
worn the appearance of a friend. These pa
pers soon became a public nuisance. 1 Serv
ing as receptacles of party malice, they', set
le4n'ln45 of .men more at -yariance, inflamed
their re ser imcnts into greater fierceness, arid
gave a. kr cner and more destsuctiye edge to
civil discord. But the convulsions of those
uauiuiuiy, or wic inclination to treasure up
occasional or curibus comfjosltions Tan n
much .were . they, neglected that va complete
collection is now no where 'to be found, and
little js known respecting them."
The earliest British Gazette, of whirli anv
distinct record remains, was that published
irr 1663i by Sir Roger L'Estrange, under the
tide or the Mfie lnttmnr; 'Tinrm--m
continued until the year 1665, when a kind
of court newspaper was established "ai
ford, then the seal bf govern
every Tuesday. TTie first number was nrint.
ed in the month pf-Novembcr iFthat jea?i
and appears to have; superseded Sir Roger's
wn-aiier-uiisnerxoTirrwas" removed to
London, on which the title of ,the
changed to the London Gazette, the name
wnicn it stm Dears. 4 ,
PrcmihiThiiddleof the seventeenth ccn
tury, the employment of newspapers as chan.
nels of intelligence became more frnnni
andopulaTTncT Britain, hut
also in several other countries of Europe.
e wspapersnd pamphlets were prohibited in
' :r.J, by ; . I
At rCVoIutir;. . ; -t
i tnkcn ofT; I. : i .
y$).(pirs wrir j '
ti .1, ana were lirst 1
n 1713. ' Their nus..!
filiation, in'locp
iHia prohibition
years afttrvvarJi
ti'- -tja:ts cf ta.
; 1 for this purpo
1 . vti, lias ijCfn
itantly increasing f rora t!. ;t , rictl till thP
present time. But sine? th- Lrrir.ningof ih
cjgh-cnth century, thti incre;:- particubrlv -
uivav .AJriuun,".- r ranee, t 1 '.m- .1.
Amerlca,has been almost incrcdi!.! ;'f
Peihaps in narespectond in no ahcr en.
terpns 01 a literary kind have the Uiitd"
Statemade such rapid progress , as ia the
esubliihment' of . political journal. At the
beginning .oLthe -eighteenth century there'
was no publication of this kind ju the United
i oionics. . - nc nrsr newsnaner
nrmtf si in .
" 7 - ..r.'n.
Am nca rss tne msnn Nexvs-Tetter begun ' '
in ir04, in" the tuwn wjiose name it befs?byc
B. . Green; The second was the Saat-s r.
-) ,"""Mvvvu luwaiui latter
ena 01 mc year by Samuel Kn-!-:nd.
Xhe next .year third was publi! ; hder. 2
uic iinc yi . inc ew'.ngfana Lourarit by
James Franklin, v Between the last mention."
ei ycar and ,1730,' threeother-nevvspsners !
yrc puuusucu iq uoston, tnougn omc of .
www njvi iv uavc uccn auon laid aside. m
As the, first printing work done . in North "
Arterica was executed in Massachusetts' a
.1.-. 1.:: a: ....
in juvn tuiuny inc earnest, and, lor a number r
of 'ears?hem6st"vigorous and successful,
exertions were made lor the establishment
and circulation of political journals.
n. v . , . .
j t auc in oi urwspupcr printed in rennsyi-
vania, waslTf American Weekly Mercury y
by Andrew Bradford, the publication cf which
commenced December 22, 17.19, The first -
printed In New-York, it is believed, was by
WiiliamjBradford, October 16th, 1725, under V
the tide?cf the New-Tori Gazette, The firstl '
paperiublished -in-Rhode-bland f was the'
Rhode-Uhnd Gazette, by James Franklin, be- ; .
fore mentioned, who began the publication in :
Octobert? 732. The first rtVcnnecttcut was "
by James' Parker, in 1755; and the first H . '
New-Hampshire, by Daniel Fowle, in 172C.
l uc penus at wnicn uczfftcwcrc nrsi i-i-
troduced intcMhe other states are " pet cer v
taioly known. fn 171, they bad increased
to the number ct twenty-five ; and in 1801,
raprethan cn: hundred and efcAfydifferent
newspapers wci 4 printed in different parts of -
the United StateO - :
It is worthy of remark, that, newspapers
have almost entirely changed their form and
cnaracter wunin me penoaunacr review.
For a long; time after the were adopted sf
a medium of communication to the public,
they were confined, ia general, to the 'mere
statement of facts. t Bud the have gradually
assumea an omce . more expensive, and nscn .
to a more important station h society. -jThey
have become the vehicles of Miscussion in
wnicn tne principles 01 government, tne in
terests of nations,"the spirit and tendency of
public measures, and- the public and private
characters of individuals are ll arraigned,
tried, and . decided. -Instead, therefore, of
being considered now, as thcjlxnce were, of
small moment in society, they liave become
immense moral and political engines, closely
taeeply .involving both ltsjace and pros-
: : Newspapers haye , tj so become important
in a literary view. -There are few of them, v
within the last twenty years,' which have no;
added to their politt:-l details some curious t
and useful informatic.. the r various sub
jects of literature, sciei'-und art. They
nave thus become the rr JhnJ of conveying
to ever), class in society, jnumcrable scraps
of knowledge, whirii have -Cnce increased
thc5 public intelligence; and er Vnd? the taste
for perusing; periodical p plications. The,
advertisemtnhil moreover, vhlch they daily
contain, Vespecting new bJoks, projects, inv
yeiitlonsdlireri pre
well calculated to :enIrueV and enlighten the
public m'md,andare 'jorthy of being enunie
rated among the m: y methocls o(awakenmg.
and maintaininV t1 i. nonular attention, with
J The firet Gwctte is said to hav been printed it Vc-1
mee, ana to'navtf been published monthly
' . Ul ww. government.
4 li.. ...1 n. . . '-'
uu.ritu. .ll'lrnil- m l'lfNnn. . K.r .V .J ..
'as und.
iw, a-Migtoe or Chatterer t . bv oth Wfnrtm th,
"ru? f "lue can caiicu vuzetta, peculi: b the dtv if
cmce, where newBnjtpers Were Tfiwt pru iLand whicS
V?, coinmonpnce of Uiese periodic QblicalloSs,
while a third class. of critics suppse it to L ierivedfrom
the Latin word Ca;at collwmially lejigfed into tl
llT fir,Swroe nefepers were caned by"
f-)!.'.becaus,y they il
tended commonly by tWse 1- plfpcrs to sprerdTbout
defamatory nijrttU Oierefore nrnhlhittlT
which more mc '.fn times-yondiall prc-.
V$?Z example, fibound, . tiXL
At the comr jtneetnent qtthe perioa unaer
review, there Jbre but thee or'JjmrPrinters'-'
in the American Colonies : anl thesie" car-r...
ried oh the'r business upon a yeryisniall.
r - ; 4 yet 3 coarse, inelegant manner.
But at present 1 803 the number of Printer?
in henited Siatea naay U considered as
near ' Vi fee hundred fnd many :pf these per
form their work witfr a neatnssnd elegaacf
which ;are rarely "exceeded in Europe' At -that
time the printing an original American
work, even a small pamphlet, was a rare oc
:4 Concluded in iemd-p&tfr"
-iTjiere was no newspaper in Scotland till after the-';j
accession of King Villlamand Queen ilaryr-Attke PmOJ.
uierc were lArce cstablwhed hi that parrot ;jc V
Klrilrdnm .ln'll. Unmlnm'nf Rritiin the WUWa
... V.b WUKUUIII V. . ... . ' -.
nunibtr of
iitnspapers nnhtcd m'ttje ynT-U
trorv itiiin-mi's - .'. . -V . .... . v,.v..i''.':"i..ix.;

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