North Carolina Newspapers

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(N't) 8
. The Wunn Cvloum U ptiMU.ea every Tuci.
day, at TIIltEK DOLLARS per annum, payablo st.tho
tiuTiuf every sUinoithi.-; r - - - I
CjNo paper will be discontinued until all arrcanj-ci
paid, wileflt t the discretion of the editor:
Whoever will become rtiponwbld for the paymentV
nine popert, shall receive a tcjith jrarir - -.--"m
-termv.
No aJrertiactnent imrrted until it. J'MJkcn paid for
jDtJt, payment assumed by aotne person in tliii town, or
ha vicinity. , .;. j".'
CA11 Icttera to the editors mitst be pod-paid, or tliey
mill not be attended to. , ,. .
Likt th; fnt mortah btett it he,
from debt, end tuvry, and buttnen fire,
Jllth hit own team vht plovght the teif,
Which grarful tnte confuted hit father t toil.
A 1ILVT TO COIIX PIUTER8.
Dr. Moore, of Maryland, who has written a
treatise on agriculture, asserts that agriculture is
more followed and less understood, than any
thef mechanical branchj
He says, if good ground is cultivated in a
kroner manner, everv ner&on mar Want two hills
of corn for one he does now on the tame ground
and the corn will be equally at good, which is a
double crop'lle further says, the general aver
age, depth of. com ground, as broken up. and
planted, is about three and a half to four inches ;
and that one week's hot sun, after the ground
becomes droughty, 'will dry the ground and
scorch the corn, so as tostop its growth. Dut to
I plough up your ground eight inches deep, your
fxorn will stand growing a three weeks' drought;
! '- jand if you plough twelve or fouitecn inches deep,
it w ill gror every dey during a six or- seven
."weeks' drought. . .
J I have made an experiment! and I think with
y tauccess ; and have saved a large portion of the
iabor of deep ploughing, and gained some of its
.advantages. I break up and strike out my corn
ground in the old usual way : the furrow I plant
In, I run a single coulter ten or eleven inches
'deep in the centre of the furrow, and plant on
Itbai mark-- Vhen my corn is up, I run a bar.
ff hear once round in each earn row, and make my
xouker plough follow in the same furrow as deep
.as formerly: Thus every corn row has three
coulter furrows fourteen or fifteen inches deep,
around the w hole.
The Doctor asserts, that corn-roots run no
deeper than you break and cultivate your ground.
small, addition of labor in a cojn crop,, such a
dry summer as last was, this Iaa will give a
third, or fourth, or fifth more corn. Attention
dught always to be paid in laying by corn the last
pfoughing, never to plotS jh every row, but every
other one, throughout the field in dry weather
then turn and plough up those left. But do not
I act thefdoU and cut all the roots the same day,
and btop( the growth of your corn, as there is not
a doubt but l w,0 barrels of corn arc destroyed
5 every dry season Jjypjpughingjejery row.
I
C0MMOS-. HENS Rt
XCJ Every one can test this system by a trial
of tme or more acres:
rnoM Tat inisnix,riixTU at bslfmt,
SPEECH OF COmXELLOli pjiiLLirs,
-At Sligoron tlie Ad4w4fli..thft.i3ag,;.:1.,.....;.;
WtWcthisiiomenTt Dub-
Jin Jounia!T in whicbxwe readtheIast speech
I his own authority j and thouh-;thctc.refew
fmen to whose superior talents, and tgbose
kind dupositjons wc ! vere more willing to
bear our -humble attestation, yet we should
be guilty cf a gross, abandonment. of public
duty if we were to suffer our feelings for the
man to interfere between the pofitician and
possess could lVe' acn roni tc proud
and enviable station ira yUkh it has hitherto
stood v Wc did "fcot'imainclnat a man liq
fljM i9ip)d .thcjcauscoflJus.couutry,
could ever stoop. to .the humiliatina: office of
i Poet Lattreat, gilding the ' corruptions of
COuilJ,7wj(! ioflenng?ui uicense , to" the power I
mai ucspiscs nis "Oinage. AjViat J to. see
Charlen'hilVTps reiterating the rhapsodies of
BuTkepmd b-emmHJJariMXAIil
to see Charle& Phillips flying to the throne,
and to the altar, from the fury of the refor.
mers, and seeking refuge under the wing of
ueorge the fotirth, from the wild democracy
of such men as lJurdett, and Hobhouse, and
Hentham. Sur ly ! surely ! this is an unwor
thy office for su :h a mind ! And whence this
wondrous tran formation ? Undc dcrivala
clades. '. Art the times so bad that the wages
of patriotism arcno longer worthy of the law
yer's ambition I Have the labors of the pat
riot been so unprofitable, thit it is considered
prudent to turn upon the people, whose brtatl J
e. i I
uiai wanncu mm inio nic ; anu to ouufl upon
their ruin that solid and substantial liveli
hood, which no storms can shake, nor reverse
can diminish If any man in Ireland can
point out to us a production more disgujting
or more degrading, (with the exception ol
a speech, fakelij attributed to baron Smith,
said to be late ly deli vered to the-M ullrngar
Grand Jury,) we shall be much obliged to the
ingenious inquirer into the natural curiosities
of the present age. Wc greailylament this
sad and dismal falling off ; we lament more
for the sake of Ireland, than of Mr. Phillips.
But Ireland is no more ! She has no induce
ments to hold to her children ! The genius
she daily brings forth abandons her j for she
no longer enjoys the power of rewarding its
struggle in the cause her most favored off
spring .go-out on a voyage of discovery, to
find a resting place, no matter where whether
in the bosom of Sidmouth or Castlereagh
Grenville or Gray! And we therefore should
not -wonder if Charles Phillips is found among
the wanderers from his native shore casting
about lor some safe retreat, where, in his old
age, he may shelter himself and his children
from the storms of adversity,
What will the Irish Bar say to thi.s motely
production this splendid profusion of bolder
dash ? What will George the Fourth say to
the man who hashe front to insult the mem
ory of his father with fulsomcness of pane
gyric which Alfred or Kenry the Fourth
would blush to hear ? It is ouc argument
more, in addition to the many we could state,
to demonstrate the havoc and desolation
which the Union is making on the finest in
tellects and most brilliant talents our country
might boast of. We need not conclude by
sayings that if our tears could obliterate this
disgraceful record from the life of Charles
Phillips, we should give them freely, not
more for the sake of an old friend, than for
the honor of our common country.
Flo TH ALB AS I (V. T.) 8TATESX1Y.
, GtwxI Western CclebvtvUon.
We have not yet received all the details of
tne great western commemoration ot our
National Independence on the bonders of the
Grand Canal ; we have, however, through the
kindness of our correspondents, been able to
collect the following interesting facts.
Agreeably to previous arrangements, ayast
--cmryT)rottppmsrrnxtittottttc
the scmiments delivered by Mr. Phillips at ! daj'. " After the ceremonies were closed, in
the late nTRCtinp" nt SliorA firf.nii ju;p liSveisi mtfiiV'litTl.K hn-nrirnhh tn thaie vvlin't'iar-
more than once had reason to. join in the
!!; ion'.. I....T-t.1..' I. I' , I ' .
.My'isiisy. jiuu su j'isiiy ucsioweu uy ins
countrymen otv his former efforts. Wc ton
ifeff'nt tliiuk.jt ppssiblhaj such. a,
number of citizens from Ontario, Cayuga,
fJaeida, Madison, Seneca, Geneseet and sevri
eral other counties, assembled in the vicinity
of Salina,on the morning of the anniversary.
The different divisions of boats, which had
proceeded,! rom the, eastern ad western - ex
tremities of tHu canal, as will as from various
pbtnTs ba the line, assembled at the stations
assigned them by the general committee pi
arrangemrtfi, ?n(l ujidcr the discharge jf
sic, jrofiedcd to the Basin, at the junction bf
the ISalin branch with the Grand Canal?
Tlie passengers here disembarked from the
different boats, and the collection of people
becamelriimeijse. At the discharge of sig
nal guns, a procession was formed ; and, es
corted by detachments of militia, procjeeded
ticipated in their performance, orders, were
given by the rv.rshaU of the day, to proceed
to Sallua, the plaoe selected for refreshment.
A spemde; Hits presented,' imel antlj
pcarcd on this side of the ocean not alone
from the scenes actually jjeforcJhc cycut
from the considerations which pressed upon
the mind, andllcdit with axtoniliment and
delight .Ten large boats, and thirteen small
ones, filled with passengers, and many of
uiciu uniaincuieu in mc mon laTftmil sxyie.
I urmcu a uac w utcjuiin cauau-1 ne troops
called out oa the occasion, formed on the bor
ders of the channel, and the towing path was
actually crowded with mtn, women andchi!''
dren. Groups of people yere scattered
through the helds which overlooked th; tran
quil .botcmf the waters, and the read to Sa
Una exhibited nothing but life and animation.
The whole company moved on from the bash,
at the junction of the great western and the
Salina canals, to the Salina basin, under the
discharge", of cannon, with the strains of mu
sic, and the cherring shouts of thousands.
As the ijoats entered the basin, they gave
three cheers, and were answered from the
shore by theroaring of cannon, and the accla
mations of pride and triumph. It is probable
that from eight to ten thousand people were
now assembled, and on which ever side the
eye was turned, every thing was joyful, grand
and magnificent. Standards were flying in
every direction, music was heard from the
different boats, the troops were drawn up in
martial- arrayy - and delightand animatioTr
beamed on every countenance. The company
here formed in order, under the marshals of
the dy, and proceeded to the bower, erected
for the occasion, on the high grounds which
command a view of the Onondaga Lake, and
partook of the great National Festival in a
manner that comported with the nature of the
institution, and the character of a free people
His excellency Governor Clixtos, had
been expressly invited to visit the great west
ern canal on this occasion, aud had accord
ingly "proceeded from Utica to Salina in the
new and' beautiful baik called the Oneida
Chief y in company with a number of distin
guished citizens It is needless to say that he
was received with every demonstration of
enthusiasm and respect.
The return of our national anniversary was
indeed a proud day to the western district.
No one who witnessed the numerous meet
ing at S:ilina, but called to mind. , the enter
prising character of the state, and the, rapid
inarch of power and refinement in the western
world. Twenty-five years ago, the fairest
portion of the. country bordering oh the great
lakes in our own state, , were covered .with
dark forestst and remained the retreats of
barbarism. On the very spot where the eel
ebration took place where thousands of tit?
i2ens had assembled where the genius of
civilization had wrought her wonders, and
planted her monuments--nav, where the wa
ters of the great western canal, now gliding
along in silent majesty, and almost induced
a belief that every thing wan the illusion of
enchantment but a few short vcar since,
not a settlement could be found. This coun
try is now the seat of mcrol and physical
strength, the field of enterprise, the nursery,
of statesmen and jurists, and the, bites of cit
ies and villages. The late commemoration,
which drew together many of our most dis
tinguished citizens from various, quarters of
the state, was a deserved tribute oi respect to
the western district, and was a design well
calculated to prove the'benign tendency of our
ft eiZgyjtejrlsItjflgQ y
people great and happy. Since this method
qfxefehr
menced, we anxiously hope that it will long
be adopted and cherished. We would be
happy to see the people of the west assemble
every year on- the border of the gre&t west
ern canal, and while they pel form those devo
tions jhat are calculated to perpetuate the re
publican TnsiTrutToTs'established by our fath
ers, also recollect the importance "of prbsec"0
ting those public improvements that serve to
cement the union of tlie states, create, circu
late, and retain wealth in the nation, and give
our republic a more enviable rank on the
theatre of empires. '. ,'
Finally f although we had not the pleasure
of joiuing in a celebration which, in our opin
ion, was the most interesting that has cer
takcnp.lacc in the ttHTStllsTyet we are
not insensible to the feelings -and sentiments
that were bathed by tho.e w ho visited- the
place of rejch,g. V catch the envhusjafini,
and reciprocate the pride and joy which
marled the 'brilliant festi vines, of that memo-
telAe. hv that-da mwiir with so imah rJprv
boldness have induced to flow in peaceful
grandeur .over hills and yall-s, andWhith will
soon blcnd the, wavri'of the'occari and the
l ikes, uod micgle them to the latest ages of
the world. - - -f I -'t- ;; -;- -
)-;-. ,i .
Lvfir.
-'Among the scvcralj letters' which we have re"'
Reived. from.ovr,wcitfnitpr;.cspw
cerning the celebration of the 4th of July on the
bordern of ih f;rc4wetcm fanalr-wef-xtrsct
tlie following interesting remarks from one of
them : '
14 Among other things whi.h
caught mv attention, was the number of Indians
who attended the celebration. I should think
rht there were between one and two hundred
prevent some of them dressed in the gaudy
costume of their trijrcs. They Mood gszing in
mute admiral ion at the new scenes continually
burning upon their astonished sight. Here they
saw thousands of people, crowding in like a tor
rent from every quarter. The great western
canal- or in other words, a river of one hundred
miles in length, opened in a few months by the
hands or the white ini-n, and us far their eyes
could reach, covered with bouts and skiffs; the
standards and banners of the military waving in
(iiuiuph,and glistening in the sun ; the musieof
several bjnd filled the fields with melody ; the
K'rcat guns shaking the hills with thunder ; and
(lie shout and chcerings of many thousands
rcncHng thc heavens all these things were In
deed calculated to astonish the poor Indians, and
induce them to think that a ki-id of supernatural
spirit w as changing the face of that country which
was lately a wilderness. I must confess, that thej
sight of the poor Indians cast a cloud over myv
mind, and for a moment darkened the splendii
scenery that imparted so much pleasure. Here,
said I to myself, are the remnants of powerful
tribes and nations who once winged the ariow,
pursued the monsters of the wilderness, and sung
the songs of war over these very lands ! Here
they once met the foe, and trampled on their,
enemies, in the pride und exultation of victory !
Here they once heard the thunders of the great
spirit in his wrath, and shrunk from the light
nings of hi eye I Here they once indulged in
the bold and rapid eloouence of nature, as they
met in their councils of war, end alone forgot tho
majesty of their species, as they fell down to wor
ship the Cod of their fathers ! But here, alas!
are all that remains. What a comment on the
changes of the moral universe what a picture
of human instability. Their power is withered,
as God m his anger withers the verdure of the
fields j and their numbers are scattered, as the
winds of heaven dissipate the seeds in harvest
timje. Here they come ; poor, weak, humbled,
and despised, to behold the rejoicings of the white
men, in the bosoni of their own country, whero
the marriage feast of their grandfathers may have
been celebrated. All this may be right. The
tide of civilization rolls on from the east to the
west with ccaleless power, and civilized nations
and savage tribes must stand in silence and help
lessness, and behold its progress. No arm can
be lifted to arrest it no barrier interposed to
stop its course. A few more years,, und even
these vestiges of foi-mer tribes will be extinct, as
iheir footsteps will be followed by the pressing
pursuit of civilization, to the' rocky tnounlnins
and over the extended spine of the Aiuu, to tho
shore of the great western ocean. None will be
left to wail over the desolations of revolution;
and the very cabins in which they sharpened their
hatchets, or smoked thc'caluTTiut.wiJI be examined
as the remains of tmtKjUity, by the searching cyc
of the philosopher.
rou Tifc wfcvrr.nx cAiioi.ixIi?.
0n zinltm tttxl tI) riukingi:
JJi'tw. IsBlrn't; In j our LuL paper under the head ot"
the "The n.in," I wc some u'clf-roeaninjf persons arc
making ffn'arteifttprta ezptfi hrttebatf fig efTeCTS of trt- -tcrnperate
drinkh'i. 1 n gtul to sec it; and cverr
friend of niortlfitj, n-liyonrstntl good orJcr, must wisl
succcTjs t& tlil- tinttcrtuking. Hut, i1rs, this dihjrraccful
practice tlocs not idwvuuMlji PVVt tAW,. Vou mSL ?..-. .
it Su every p:irt of the country at our company jiiusters'
4it our lax-tjatherirgs at "the law-Uty ;" iin!,in slioft,
Uutk mIxim m wilU ---and the &lvs of this crvtng 5"
hhoW fhfChbiicTho Cltib" will ffo" on, and
Attack Uiitdcnwrh4jr auwl con-ijptjn practice where-
wltetlier-iMM'mghiWioiiW'WatKS or xicty-wic'tlii
cr- in ball-rooms or at tlie Saturday -n'i ffht's frnhe. 1 n the
1 send you a paniplili
meantime, 1 send you a paniplact, written by Iiioha
l!r.HTTct.i7 of NcwvVork, culiUeil . hi Jlriiuwefifte Cqwei
nf Inhtrtprmte f hinting it is..-full of good sense, "find'
written in laniruavrc casilv nn'dei-btoorl.. 1 have tnarkod
. i . . . v. , - . . ..
perhaps, do sorfto
with niy' pencil m imsajre. as I vish you to extract for
your paper. vly-so dom, .vou may,
goot, und greatly oblige a tVkiid to
t;OOD; 0RDEU.
.. KXfUACTS. ' '
f Probably no single cause tends so much to
the debasement and tlcmoralizaUon of the lruniat,
fMmilyrastc'mlcnipci'ut'e use otarrftnt drink.?--irThis
nioit pi oliiTc source bf mischief and mis
ery, (says an able paper,) drags in itsirain almost
vty3p.c.ut's: O-C&u&Vuftjjf 3X:,ii ;n'.ict8'.thepQ0i-.
in' telrion'to pj';ci,y" 'Vied'ir i:iay- bt Cin
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