PU0L131ICD HV K RID Kit L lUNCIIAM
ro. I..... Jfo; 1;
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The Wkitiiv Ciiotituv U published every Tues
!y, at Tlirtnn D0LLAU3 per annum, payable it the
end of foStj,- : !
KXo paper will be discontinued until U amarages
are bald, unless ai the diBcretkm of the editor.- I
Whoever will become responsible for the payment of
Hbmc papH iluJi rcceire a tenth ra. 1 -T
""AvkaT ui acxrs wwl innwr'H'tk''c4tAm
'.terra.: ' '. ' ''') 1 '
No adwtmcment inserted tmt3 ft has been paid fbiy'
or its payment aasuntcd by aom pc raoa in this torn, or ;
C7A11 lcttera to Ute editors tnuat be ptt-fxdd, or tliey
will not be attended to. ;
" rt CslumUafi urn, $purn nt the. rugged hil '
, : ' Twr naU'n' gbry U a cultured toil.
(-' ' ( $mck Clndiuudut, iBustrfout Huh,
, Inrreated tit nyi vlule he tilled the earth :
; Hen Chtua't Monarch tayt tU teebtre drwnt
,, : -1 .Vcr "deemi the tatk unvortfi y tf, the crrwn.
.'Trom the' American Farmer.
; 0 T0E WpoutAcb or MiKviiso rou whzat.
t '.Tl.o following account of manuring for wheat
' upon f; Hows, pure thoucht vorth eivlnetothe
: sc cut) , being peranaded that the' Utli accom
. y: :: : i n hh a debil of all ctrcumstancet, likely
, to ! ' r.te rciulUa more valuable kind of. in
' fcrrr.-.v.i than the most ingenious commentaries.
In the summer of 181? I fallowed eight acres
t, hixh land known in this part of the
country by the denomination of barrens, and, un
. ; 'Jcd by manure,' I think would not have produ
. , ccd more than eight bushels to the acre, with the
i : ' ; inost favorable seasons. Having but the small
i : quantity of manure that was made upon the farm
i - and an adjoining plantation; between the time of
' --Xafryin j out the contents f-the farfrt'yard fn trte
spring, andlhe8easonof wheat sowing, (it is
' . Pjopcf ncro to remarkthat it was chiefly of the
i 'strongest kinds, the greater part of it being made
;rerr nthetvPn w"e 6,T,nS 11 100 much
? than too, little extension. -fi I therefore checked
- oil the land with a plough, S3 12 yards by 17 1-2,
"V" "putting -t load iinto the 1 centre of each square,
which gives precisely 12 loads to the acre. The
;r -"manure was carted out just in time to plough it
JVin before seeding the cart used carried between
. - 25 and' 30 bushels only at a load the manure
was better rotted than it usually is at this age,
V from its being placed in a stercorary, which it
.kept moist with the muck water that settled in
j i- its bottom--the seeding commenced .011 the 5th
V cf October and finished the 7th put in with har-
' r . 3 cn the second ploughing.
v Cccdedbne bushel to the acre and the pro
ducc was twenty bushel to the acre. The wheat
was cf the kind known with us under the name
J. C. COCKE.
of the Yeljpw Bearded.
I . MIVOR, ESQ.
lecretajy f the Ag. So. of Albermarlc.
AT TRa WKJMTIOS or
Te "Lycurgun Association,
TJiq COLLEGE, fCt.J
By a Student of ihe Junior Class.
The immediate Durnose of our mectine is to
form a union o sentiment and example against
mtcntatibus and extravagant expenditure in this
iqstitiuioh : an cviwhich threatens its interests
andraiarms its friends, but which no individual,
Jiweyjer rejjpeae Let
not, however, the adoption of such a measure be
regarded as a reflection on the morals of he in-
" stjtution. Let it rather be pledge of the SQbri
f ty and gootj, sense of the young men who enjoy
its advantages ; an evidenc that Yale still merits
, that high reputation, in poiht of moral as well as
literary character, which aw hassoJong enjoyed,
IlUt 8t a time wliPli f!Vtl-nvranT oft"nrlio-ilifv
11 reTnakittgTSpid progress tlqghout oufjcoun-
uui uiciaiy Jimuuuons carmoi ie expectea
toestanethe'cdmmon 'vtt'nbVif apsitf'
lo th5Ss vices be imtiiraltq th selte of man,
the indulge licelof Jt li' peculiarly cbienial with
Matr hertuciww msslbnut mu bkiiirirdrcatNi m
fvr?ror it vvilTacrc and maintain ;Vn'W
' v.-; , - '-.
tire ascendancy over the whole' course of subie
1 o a reOcctlng man, the. effects of College
prodigality 'must be obvious artd -alarming.
Etjually repugnant to the interests of literature,
and ' subverilve of ancient simplicity, it not bnljr
enhances the expense of a residence here, thas
embarrassing dur jwifcnys and patrons' VUh" 'un
necessary burthens, and placing a collegiate edu
cation beyond 4he-power of many a nole youth,
who mght perhaps becOD; the boast and orna
ment of his country f but it multiplies tempts
tionsrenders the vices of dissipation fashions
ble double the anxieties of the virtuous mother,
and often ruins the hopes of the expectant father.
I might mention the waste of time, ami inatten
tion to the proper pursuits of a collegiate course,
which it occasions; the pernicious habits it in
duces, and the reproach which h casts upon the
name of student. Its effects are multiplied, and
are no less injurious to ourselves than to the in
stitution of which we are members.
But it is not this extent of the evil, merely,
which urges the arloption of measures calculated
to counteract its influence We ought to pursue
it through all its effects upon private families,
upon society, and upon the hallowed institutions
of our country. We ought to look forward to
the condition of posterity, and then inquire
whether, as students and as citizens, we have any
influence either to increase or lesu n the prevail
ing and corrupting indulgence of fancv and ap
petite around us. Influence you have, fellow
students ; and it is needed on the side of virtue
and patriotism. In addition to that common in
fluence which the respected members of. every
community possess, you have, as members of a
literary institution, an influence over the youth
of our country, which, in no other situation, young
men can have. There is a sacredness in the
name of science, which cause it to he respected
in the remotest corners of civilization. It enter
tains the circle at the fireside, and aids the tnedi
tations of the closet. Among the sons of acience,
Religion seeks the pillars of her church ; Justice
looks to them for the execution of her laws ; and
Patriotism for the wisdom of her counsellors.
When we consider, therefore, the importance
of these four y ears, not only as a season devoted
to literature and science, but as a period which
forms the habits and character 'or Those who are
destined to have a controlling influence' on the
manners and interests of the nation ; and when
we reflect, too, that so far at least, as it respects
tuuegc, uie exisung evil can oe remedied nr.iy
by students themselves, and that by united effort ;
we shall need no argumentUo persuade us that
the object of our contemplated association lm
poses upon us a duty, which we owe not only to
the venerable institution of which we are mem
bers, and to the interests of literature generally,
but to ourselves also... to our parents. ..and, ahore
all, to our country. This is not the time of our
country's prosperity ; and, therefore not a time,
surely, to multiply her embartassments by en
couraging prodigality in her rising generations.
Those sources of wealth which, when Europe
was embroiled in war, enriched our nation be
yond example, are dried up, and there remains
no field of successful enterprise open to our citi
zens. Instead of frugality and temperance, how
ever, in this season of universal stagnation, there
is peculiar reason to fear a contrary effect: for
that aptive spirit of our countrymen, which has
been so long engaged in commerce and specu
lation, will not relax, at once into listless inac-
tivity ; and the danger is, that, for the want of itsj
accustomed objects, it will exhaust itself tn idle
amusement and frivolous ostentation. To this
cause, chiefly, may we look for both preient and
anticipated embarrassments.- Trace them ; to
their true source, and you will find that they ori
ginate in an indefinite multiplication of imagi
nary wants wants which nature never. created.
Ifislhe extravagance of iancy and fashion in our
countryVwlyich has cohtiiouted more to raise the
cry of M hard times, than any other cause what
ever. It is this whkhmakestffe amount of ouV,
imported elegancies and luxuries greater than
our exported produce, and thus throws the bal
ance of trade into the hands of the foreign mer
chant j hence- the ruinous demand for specie, and
4:variety of consequent evils. The truth is, we
are living beyond our income ; and the abundance
of private debts, and the failure of private con
tracts, are evidence that the pride of fashionable
style Is often gratified at the expense Of conven
ience-and plighted laithi ? $ut greater still are
the evils which, in our departure from republican
simplicity, we are entailing pn posterity. To
perceive that that effeminacy which our forefath
ers so much despised and guarded against, is be
ginning to find indulgence with their descen
dants, one need only enter the assemblies of our
citizens, or walk through our streets. It is too
aPJ?JJ'it not-to be ol)scrvTjblerby"any one who
hint deposition to soplneness 1 and . luxury. 1
Ulmqs that axcvaJueu . .lor- thtiwmlerrief xA
faii-nets, must be rioufisheJ at ; sumptuous tables,
and-rcnoed on beds of down That ignoble
pride which delights in drcsa and ostentation, is,
in its own nature,! stranger to aublime and gen-
croua tuuiucin, mi can never iiimuuie me
suDjcpfl ,nf "It "16' noble MctIVTtyIn the "cause of
philanthropy and patriotitm. It ia in the indul
gence of this pasMon, umpcStionablr, that we
take the first step in that roal which Persia, and
Greece, and Home, travelled fiom their ercat-
ncis uown 10 ryuu.
The primitive and proper ends of d re as. un
doubtedly, are convenience and decency., These
being secured, all farther solicitude concerning
it are supetfluous. As a criterion J merit, piti
ful indeed are those distinctions which are bor
rowed at the dtessing-rooiiv and toilet 1 and me
thinks a mind, clothed with its own immortaf dig
nity, and fitted for a dwelling in the skies, sinks
infinitely beneath Itself -when it stoops to all the
vanities and whims of innovation.
Out there may be conveniences and decencies
in the contrivances of fashion ; though, in its
constant metamorphoses, I often lose sight of
both, r.xpcrience may have taught others,
ihoueh I am utterly at a loss to conceive of
either, the convenience or the decency of a
vhaltbone afifiaratut which converts the Inxly into
an unbending statue, and places its parent earth
beneath its reach. You may smile at the absur
dities. .of foppery, but you cannot laugh it out of
countenance t it has at length gott- n the better
of propriety, and will laugh in its turn at your
compliance with us sober dictates. Its name is
Legion and with the increasing multitude of
it retinue, simplicity of manners is ruancity ;
common sense is idiotism ; und the adorning of
the person a matter of greater importance than
the embellishment of the understanding. That
bugbear, Jahion has erected itaelf into a stand
ard of manners and of merit mnong us, and our
respectability is rendered servilely dependant on
the mere form and quality of a garment. We
import our very shapes I mm Europe, and pur
chase them even at the expense of national char
acter. Who would have told the men of '76
thwt, before the grave should cover the venerable
remnant of theirjllustiious generation, America
abould, so far forget her independence as to come
under the domination vi the very tailors and man
tuamukers of Paris and London ?
I would censure nothing, surely, which serves
to render man interesting to man ; nothing which
gives a manly grace to the dignity of the one sex,
or adds a single charm to the loveliness of the
other. But there may be danger of carrying our
notions of refinement too far.
MEbt modus in rtbusj sunt eerti deniquc fines
Quo ultra, cintraquc neotut consistere recttim." .
Is it not very possible, that, instead of that no
ble negligence of manner which always charac
terises the greatness of a Iloman soul that easy
affability ever flowing from an ingenuous heart,
a mistaken notion of politeness may substitute
the prcciseness of affectation, and the littleness
of unmeaning prattle ? I appeal to the object of
our present meeting, whether the justness of the
remark be not supported by facts. Are there not,
within the limits of your observation, some young
men. whose feminine delicacy and softness of
manners almost render it difficult to determine
for which of the sexes nature designed them ?
Fripsh as a bntlejrroom,' heat ahdTrimly dress M,
And all periumcil like a milliner'
with their " holiday and lady terms," one might
Call them lovely, even bevond their sex -a bur
lesque upon manhood. Having neither the ac
cent of man, nor the gait of man, they have so
strutted and bowed, that you might have thought,
with Hamlet, some of nature's journeymen had
made men, and not made them well, they imita
ted humanity so abominably.
;srA . hqarcnloriii(t
has a tolerable acquaintance with the history of
- . . - 4.
men and manners, in what servile exactness ot
conformity to fashion that artificial conforma
tion of the body that carefiit aUenUon Vdeli-
cacy 01 inc complexion, .v men are seen among
niijkv herevcr von una an 5 ovex-anx tousnicct v
ticn! of belli energy: and priccjnk, iiriil a xHnpgmVt tl
- MaV be iiidjfl 'rent to her house cf clay,
And slight the hovel aa beneath Uer care ;
Hut how a bodoqantastici trim, - -'
And quaint in its deportment and attire,
Can lodgje a heavenly mind..dcinands a doubt."
These animadversions belong not-all to our
own sex. w ny is mat pale ana sickly cclicacv
so frequent In the other, if it be not the effect of
mcejaumnanwdrclM .the. coife.
cern of the affectionate mother awakened lest the
dews of eyeninc slwuld chill life's feeble current
and hurry the victim of her mistaken tenderness
comes irmed with' terx"'
There twit a time when the Spartan daughters
of America, rose to breathe the freshness of the
morning; and. like the Roman Lucretia, were
not ashamed to be found at the distaff. , The dc
lighted cottager saw them at twilight, gaily seated
on their fleet horses, light hearted and graceful
as the plumes
proud father contemplated the blush oi i:.nuccnce
diffusing itself through the eiimson vigor of
health. , ' . , ' . ...
ftut wiien l consider the- rclatiTCx conditicm of
theTSexes, and behold my own riyallinAhe other
n rvfr.A V 1 . t. -J -li ll.nl' l.
ui for nobler and better nnrposes f Is it not u
auch-t perversioTii if td-anfuMn" a degenerafi:
posterity will owd'that ImbecUity of bwly an !
intellect which tbty derive fiom their cnfcctlft
I had rather men were savazci, and ponscn-rtl
of all ihewljden!juslasrn of .uncultivated nature.:
trsn that they were chested cf the masculine fe: v"
tores of their original character i andwhenibK.lv :
abroad tipon tho vices and effcmlnaCjrof cIvttlzsT--
lion in the old world,- and see the morals "of nfr"" -
own nation threatened with the lame corruptloii,
I am tempted to wish the iron azes of antintiUy ..
had been co-extensive with the existence of tho
human race. Arc we not departing front' the 3,
venerable simplicity f our fathers : and' in that y
departure are we not losing the hardy virtues of
meir cnaracicrr vo ipenu an eventntr tn tn
society of men of fourscoo ycajm tho Jullowed.'r ,
sympathies of age shall carry you bark to thoV ' .
morning of a robust generation; whose xnanlr '
spirits sought enterprise and danger with an era , '.
ulous cntli:jsism .and, despising delicate ppa i.
rel and soft accommodations, coveted tod and ab- . , : '
stinencc as the only antidote to an enfeebled con , ' -
stitution. Active, frutral and lemDeratc. their
were bofpitable and happy at their firesides, und
undaunted in the presence of their enemies, In
those days of primitive simplicity and frankness,
rrhnement was not cfteminacy; gallantry con
sisted not in an unmanly flattery of the female
sex ; und social intercourse, unfettered with the
rcstnuuts of idle ceremony, derived its impuho
from enthusiastic, unsophisticated nature. Na
ture pointed out to each sex its own peculiar
sphere and character, and secured to each itu
proper influence upon the happiness and conduct
of the other. To one she cave the strentrth and
unbought dignity of msnhood, and confided to its
protection the innocence and comparative weak
ness of the other. Man needed not the extrava
gance of fashion, nor the language of adulation,
to command the respect of woman ; nor were
the charms of woman less winning, or the sym
metry of her form less engaging, for the frank
ness of her manners and modest simplicity of
Dut those days went long since by :
JHtaa pare nUim pc jor av'm ttdit .
Nos ncqtiiorca, niox duturus
lYogeniem vltioworem ;
And it needs not the gift of prophecy, nor the
wildness of fanaticism, to fancy some uni om
Cito lamenting the degeneracy of the nohlcit
nation of the earth, and appealing to this thought -less
age, whether the indulgence of a 'prodigal
fancy were a matter of greater moment than the
virtue and happiness of future generation;
Such is the inevitable tendency of those c
travagances which it has become the duty of e .
cry judicious and patriotic citizen to discourage
by all the means in his power.
Luxury, in whatever form it may make its Ap
pearance, whether in the riotous excesses of the
banquet, or clothed in fine linen and purple, is
an evil tenfold more easily eradicated in its in
fancy than subdued 'when grown inveterate
Those who have longest pursued its phantoms
and been most deluded with its promises of hap
piness, are the blindest and most eager in the
chase ; for it enlists in its service the appetites
and passions, and wages an exterminating war
fare with virtue, till at length every pure and ele
vated feeling is supplanted, and the ardor f pat
ibtittn cjucnchcd in the selfishness of persoml
gratification, Licentiousness, effeminacy. ...nil
the evils of degeneracy, are its own legitimate
offspring : and when once it. has robbed our na
tional character of its ancient purity, it will as
sail our proud institutions with venality, faction
ard niin. Like those of Lacedxmon, they will
exist only a memento of the greatness and tho
debasement of the human understanding.
'This destroyer of, ancient greatness-7-this in-rctcwtejnemyonibertyjndlhappiness,mtistno
kept: at bay in .America, onbe las! hopo of free
dom will perish in her downfall Omnes eo
dem cogimur" will for ever be the motto of re
publics j and royalty exulting in the death of it
last enemy, will fold its! arms in undisturbed se
curity. ' .. . - . , j
...The history of -all antiquity showy trrlhaTthtt"
prosperity of nations is inseparably connected
with their morals. , II was. the prevalence of a
virtuous and rigorous simplicity of manners that
gave immortality to Thcrmopyla: and Marathon.
To tliat contempt for licentious, wealth and lux
loVss: and legates, aW " wh1cKToiiiiicdlnW.aN
mies against effeminacy and insubordination,
Home owed her unparalleled elevation Shs
called her illusttious commanders from tho
plough to the field, scarcely less conspicuous in
the labours of industry tlnuvin the.achieVcmehts;
of victory. " . v
Need I remind yow- of the men to whom out
15, an r greisi qegree cnargeanie tor. jour
c of r.the ton::, e ses, Vhicti rnatttrr
own country U indebted for its freedom and pros- 'p
perity f Theainrf their manners, and, tho ,
sternness of . their virtue, did well becorae.thb
cause for which tliev girded pji the sw . ,
But the depravation of' her moral hastened -
kheOMtniall of Snai ta ; Rome unk in the was - h.v r
05 ncr ovu $rorrupuoiv, an easy prpy io.icc naray .r . ; .
sonvtif the tidrth i?arM KeacrV formd tat'tne'"''''
vantsasi" Am:A.tM JBaEai