. ru dusked iiy Kiuur.it u iiingiiau.
' ' ' , c ' '
The Wimii "Ciaoumx U published, every Tues.1
day, at THREE DOLLARS per annum, payable if the
cud of si months. , ' '
"TJ'i'pA'pti 1inrffiiicntrnViol iindl all aJTearagcs
lire paid, uidcss at the discretion of tho extort,
Whoever will become responsible for the pynvent of
toinbaplVahanit:ceive lenUijrai. -
....AsTiaxuxxwM .be. inserted on the. .cuatomary
-terms. ... . . , "--- - ....--..
' a4yertTntnt irwcrlfd unttJ U liMU-en paid for,
X)T iti payment assumed by some person In this town, or
CAU letters to the cditon nroit be pott-paid, or they
trill not be attended to
.... , UASUES.
It ha been anertetl, a j the result of an acci
"dental experiment, that squashes town in the fill
will sun We the frost of winter and spring, and
will ripen much earlier than any which can be
--raised by towing in the spring. .Tnoae aown in
the spring and those sown in the fall were, in the
case alluded to exposed to a severe frost ; the
former were killed, while the latter survived. It
t t -
may be worth a more satisfactory experiment.
The earliest sallads, we know, are grows) in this
way. The same has been said of a species of
beans and even of potatoes.
To preserve good squashes in their perfection,
, Rtrat care h necessary to keep them from the
neighborhood of others of inferior kind, and es
peci:dlr of pumpkins. If grown together the
rid uniformly deteriorate ; and the best squashes
become bastard pumpkins. 'However mysterious
. this fact may appear, it is unquestionable ; and is
probably to bo explained on the same principle
- with a fact no less unquestionable, that the differ
, 'nf species of com and of grain always mix
when they grow in the neighborhood of each
" T ' j From Dr. Anderson's Recreations.
Every attentive observer will remark among
:thc: plants, of. almost every kind of crops, some
' 'individual stalks which are distinguishable from
;. the others by a greater degree of health, or lux
. urUnce or earliness, or some other peculiarity.
A Mend of mine remarked, a few years ago, a
particuiar rtemjpf peas roong his earliest crop
which came into flower and ripened long before
the others. . He marked this atem and saved the
. whole ol at produce for seed, l hese came as
much earlier as they had originally done. This
produce waa also med for seed, and thus he ob-
tained a particular kind of early peas, that came
. at least a week before the best sort he could buy
, ialhe,.shop$t ifsown at the same time with thenv
' The doctof relates facts similar to this respecting
wheat and beans. The general idea he means
Ttof inculcate Is obvious and extremely worthy o
- , . a
Jr.Ji.i iW : fob tn westeiix (jiBOLiKu.
? MxssKi I'lotroRs : Most persons have thci
'inconsistencies; and mine, it is to be remember
-ed, is atr unfortunate oscillation from one pursuit
ta another, without closely adhering to any one.
; r rs Spine time has c lapsed since I gate a prom -Sse,
which, whatever others may think, those who
"ntnotif.'me'Dest are well assured will be redeemed,
thougKthcyare aware the rtme" and manner of
- this redemption are partkulars'which I will maii-
nature or inclination so to do, I mh'ht, with sonic
not be withdrawn! by the presence of minor els
ects, irom a complacent surrey ci ineir txercu
ean muscles, or nice extminutioii of the dundy
&TrilslTlhnFlasK16ned-screwed nersons i others
drop the useless show of sinewy limb and sym
metrical form, for reasons best known to them
Ittveaand choose the tlmple head as the object
of iheirplatid cjontemplayon j and no doubt there
contented" wiilf clufminif little miniature.
1 Cannot promhd to tomply with the whlmst.
cat fancies of every one. "To speak of all, and
please all, belongs to him whom necessity com
pels to labor in this tocation..,.There is but one
way in which this happy end can be attained
Flattery is the only voice that is always secure of
an approving ear from the fastidious Jutener ;
i at .
ner suver cnoraa are notjuth as i propose to
strike, Tn order to produce an effect worthy the
motive of action. 1 had rather speak daggers
to the heart,"1 than, by administering the unction
of flattery, give strength to passion, and an in
creased impulse- to- vice. While working vol
untanly, mine own fancy shalj assign the metes
and bounds, mingle the colors, and tint the fea
tures. 1 look not for the approbation of every
one. Perhaps' I mar be satisfied with (what 1
have in common with many others) self-appro
But it is urged by some, that no one should
dare usurp the chair of Censor Morum unless his
were a heart void of guile, and a lite free from
blemish. I had thought the struggle would have
been, not to prevent an occupancy, but who should
first take the sacred seat. V hy forbid it Ms it be
cause our Saviour hath said, Let him that is
guiltless cast the first stone t" Does not this
observation relate more it punishment than to
reproof? Look to the words that immediately
follow'4 Neither do I condemn thee i go, and
tin no more.' It speaks the forgiveness of Him
who came to fcrgive and save the repentant, and
conveys in its words the mildest of censure in the
best of counsel.
Should I hereafter expose to public shame the
defaulters in morality, or should they, by their
virulent expostulations, betray themselves, 1
would only say, " To punish you would be no
gratification to me t but to see you reformed, and
by. your reformation become useful members of
society, my earnest -wisn a ncn gos wa ;wi
no more! And let them ask their consciences,
if there is the consolation of an excuse in the
thought, that he who tells them of their errors
is no less faulty than themselves. On whonv I
would askf is the snow'tintcd robe of perfection
thrown LWhep purityiJn. primitive ages was
caught indignantly to heaven, she did not, like
Elijah, drop her mantle to sanctify the callin&of
her humble disciples. Were we to suffer no one
to reprove but him that is faultless, when would
the voice of offended virtue be heard ? .
It i not the choice of moral writers, bf the
lash to attain their object. They only, resort to
this when gentler means have failed. Theirs is
more the tone of mild rebuke, than the language
of keen condemnation. If they do sometimes
put the victim to the torture, -it is because his
hardened depravity throws him beyond the pale
of merciful forbearance. Then it is, that, regard
less of the scoffings. of pride, the sneers of mal
ice, and more dangerous insinuations of hypoc
risy, they, without a moment's peeling of remorse,
tcur the veil aside, and expose to disgrace and ab
horrence the diseased features of vice.
a gentleman of large fortune I and It is the gener
al opinion that she only nun led him for hl--
the window, and bows to thut Uil, firetttt otljccr
just tq let him' know she's there. It's only
three weeks since the knofwas tied ; but already
she I'vct In the ttrectt! Her happiness, indeed,
is trttly nolL ingulf it's -not iceaJ!L.Ilut ferhafi
she will get wisdom, by and by, and Jeoro lo love
her home. '
BuiiofiIy ! here comes dandy, wlih his
belle. And see, they seem to talk together ; but
I cannot, of course see any idrat pass between
their lips. There I she drops her reticule....how
malicious! but, O ! the haf py pigmy has caught
it before it reached the ground, and he Is safe !
What an sera it will be in Am history it will
serve him to talk about for a whole month to
come, and be an endless theme for his fair ad
mirers ihey will never cease to applaud his
trullantrv ; indeed, I should not be surprised if
9 ' -
this rare exploit should decide his happy fate lor
life -So true it is, that " little things 'are great
to little men !"
But here, again, what is all this long proces
sion I Alas 1 it is a funeral !- yes, there is the
hearse, and the mourners, and ail the rest. I see,
by the mourners, the corpse of it is a young maid
en : they are waiting upon it to us dark mm si
lent home. Alas ' neither youth, nor beauty . nr
wealth, can escape the cold grasp of death. And
see, even the thoughtless crowd are struck by this
aad spectacle. Another moment, and they -will
. .1 t. . !..
return to ineir pursuits wnn as inutu n-iciy us
ever.- Yet there are hearts that cannot forget so
soon. The harp is silent in the drawiug-roomi
and the portrait bangs covered on the wall t tho
parents sit in the lonely chamber, and looking in
each others luces, teel that tncir aaugnter is no
more. But there the procession moves along
it passes it is gone 1 And this Is the end of life !
How well docs the Psalmist say, that men uralk
in a vain show" even like these pictures on my
wall They come, they move, they act, they
play about for a litlle while a little while, in
deedand then a funeral closes the scene.
" truth; offer several apologies for my delay, equal
at least, to the ma.iy excuse which past without
remark the ordeal of fashionable etiquette But
in Una I am something like a sturdy neighbor of
mine, w0" whn (he, has, on entering genteel
campany,' accidentally .commenced with a faux
fa in manners,lgbes on wilfully blundei ing.to the
end 6f the,haw4oc independence of
his siiriivTo those cohtemnlated as subjects of the
prildiletche I'tleem nio':ardgy;cessafy
rest patient, under the assurance that complete
justice, liowever tardy, will finally be done them.
M to the lastparticular mentioned above, 1 have
pat yet ecid6d whether it shall be after the Ital
itlleinishcir EuglUh fichool..whcther in the
ttX? oL Mvehaej .Aiigelo, R ubehs or-.Hogaiin.
cuner nas it oeen concluded oi wuai size ine
oul.1 show to advantage hunfliyetthe ponder-
mamei-piece, ana on wiiich the tamer migni
jjaze . -witKh; the bftpd partiality of a parent, ajid
j.huckhj while he pointed out to some adiairinK
Kooby, neighbor the accoiriplishments of. this or
"Ige," filJncnrth portrait, tUiiwUicTr at?nti(y 'p&fr
-J -CJLVFJM OliSCUMr -
I am sitting here in my ljuttle study, all alone :
and suppose I plajt with my own toner while I
Yes, my. closet Khali be a Camera, Obscura nt
once. 1 close the shutters, and exclude the Hght
from my wiridowj not entirely, however f but I
just leave a" little opening, in which I place the
glas. of pTuIosophy, to amuse myseirmtlTtfie
shov. And now. I turn my back upon the crowd
of my fellow-creatures without, to view them by
the MIW light of reflection within. And only
see, in a moment my wall is alive w ith figures,
more airy and beautiful than the Chinese shades.
It is a picturcTin motion, or a animated land
scape. The objects, you see, au all from life....
only brought down to the miniature size. I low
brisk ancV Hew
they come, there tlWy goihey have their
talk, f ir all the world, like those whom they rep
resent. - What a lively and ingenious tatire is
all this upon the scene without! How truly lit-
tle'do all the emulovmcnts and amusements of
the passing world appear in their diminished size !
How busy do the tiny actors move about in dif
ferent directions;- They look before them, and
arOundihcm, but, never raise their eyes to heaveiw
Alas ! the popr things arc quite absorbed tn the
Some love a family group; which! present their great aim is to get wealth', rather
J . I ' ' . t .!! I LH 1 A -. . .. .1 ak r- .Via i'ATt C il !' - in
mail WIMIUtU , 'tiUU W wuuuj mtubi Hi""
" But let me single out a 4fow objects from the
crowd: There goes a carriage ; and the little
horses toss their heads, as though they knew
whot the ? ev cidrawinft i Jtt tb&beawiftl ansi
.vrriDOTM tor rnrsfuY.
The many eases that occur of poisons bcinflj tstrn hv
mistake or design, induces us to publikh tJtc lo)Iiaiiiif
directions, by an English physician, . JuhunUw, M. I),
F. It. 8. which have met the approbation of kit cmii-cnt
member of the faculty an t!uS countrj', to wbom we bm
mitted Uiem for his opinion. Our brother editors, who
are ever ready to lend their presses to the cansc of -hu
manity and benevolence, will, wc trust, liiruier our views
by extending the circulation of these directions :
1. When the preparations of mercury, arse
nic, antimony, or of any metal, or when any un
known substance or matter hai been swallowed,
andthere have speedily ensued heat of IKemouth
and throat, violent pain of the stotfur.h, retching
and vomiting; immediately drink plentifully of
warm water, with common soap dissolved or scra
ped in it ; two or three quarts of warm water,
with Irom three to four ounces to half a pound of
soap; will not be too much.
2. When any of the preparations of opium,
henbane, nightshade, hemlock, tolwcco, foxglove,
or stramonium, or any poisonous fungus, mista
ken for mushrooms, or spirituous liquors in ex
cess, or any other unknown matters, have been
swallowed, exciting sickness without pain of the
stomach, or producing giddiness, drowsiness, and
steepgive instantly one table spoonful of flour
of mustard in water, and repeat it in copious
draughts of warm water constantly until vomit
ing takes place. If the person becomes so in
sensible as not to be easily roused, give the mus
tard in vinegar instead of water, and rub the body
actively and incessantlyV " r p -
3. When oil of vitriol, spirits of salt, or aqua
fonts, have been swallowed,or spilt upon the skin,
immediately-drink-ror-wash thc-part-with large
quantities of water, and, aa soon as they can be
procured, add soap, or potash, or chalk to the
water. - - - ' :
weather, and encountering ice, he was otli(rrd to
desist, and prosecute his Wage I yet, wit hour
sanguine belief in the existence of land in ths't
neighborhood. In Montevideo he prepsitd Mi
vessel rather better than common; and proceeded
second time round the Cape towards Valna
ralsot and on the ISth of October vas gratified -by.aaecond
sight of the same land he had before
seen. The water was then high colored, and he
sounded in 65 ft thorns, black and white sand and
shells. The soundings gradually decreased to
25 fathoms andjess, but coarser, and of ah oozy,
greenish colcrtas he approached the shore:
Captain Smith was obliged to. stand off and on,
by a heavy swell, until the I7th ultimo, when he
landed in latitude 04 43 south, and 57 10 wltt
longitude, by observation, and an excellent chro
nometer. t "
' Here he saw many seals, ica-lions, whales, and
sea-fowls t allrfectly fearless, id unacquaint
ed with danger.
. This land he calls a continent, and gave It the)
name of AVw South liritaln, upon which he hoist
ed the British flag.
On the north coast of this land there is a chain
or line of islands, from two to ten miles distant
from the main, to which he gave the name of
Penguin Jtlandt. Between these islands and tho
i main land, there is a kind of 'channel, from two
to tin miles wide, with some current; and in
one place an appearance of breakers, produced
probubly by a narrow passage and sunken roc.ks.
Thr passage there tr not more than a mile wide,
but captain Smith did fcot explore it.
Captain Smith coasted to thei west and west by
south, sometimes inside of the islands, at other
between them and the main, to the latitude of G3
3-1 south, longitude 64 west ; the wind then blow
ing from the south-west, he took his departure,
and steered from the land north-west by west,
when it bore south and west, as far as could br
discerned with good glasses, and with every ap
pearance of its extendine further. He describes
the whole of tjus land, both the main and tho
islands, as being very high, even ubove th wuls,
and the summits as having been covered uiib
snow, and with generally a sterile, barren aspect,
but with some indications of vegetation, shrub
bery, and wood in the vallics and apertures of tho
bills and mountains, and likewise yilh rivers and
creeks. He stretched along this coast for three
hundred miles, with generally cool pleasant
weather, but not having been properly provided
with boats, he did not attempt to reland, notwith
standing he saw fine bays and sandy beaches. '
Capt. Smith saw many fish, or all colors and
sizes, and different denominations. The most
remarkable resembled the codfish of Cape An
gully Bank, and the Isle Juan Fernandez. The
whales were like those of Hudson Bay and Davis'
Straits. --Besides these, he saw a species of whito
whale, and black fish.
The soundings, or rather the matter drawn up
with the lead, at each cast, are preserved. I h jvc
seen them, and likewise a draught of the land, by
a good hand. Capt. Sheriff, the commander of
the Andromache, and other British naval forcts
in these seas, will despatch a vessel in a few. days
to survey this land, and report upon it.
Thinking this discovery may be interesting trf
you, sir, inasmuch as it may be tho means of
throwing a new light upon geography, naviga
tion, and the theory of the earth, t take the lib
erty to communicate the information, in the hope
that the facts will be gratifying to the Lyceuto,
and useful to society in general.
Permit me to hint, that it is probable many
great discoveries are yet to be made in this hem
isphere, and that much has escaped the most
curious observers in the PaclSc Ocean. Should
the government of the United States equip and
commission & vessel, with suitable-person, for a
voyage of discovet to this, quarter of the world,
I think that the government and nation would bd
ampIfTewarded bythencquismorfof knowledge
raox t kiw-vork coxttMaiiv.
HIGULr LSTERESTIW DISCOVERT.
Hy the favor of Doctor Mitchill, we are enabled to lay
before our readers the following1 very interesting letter
from J. Uobinson, Esq. The majrnitude of the discovery
will not fail to TVSttiit ttiea-teiition ofevery one, and th?
surprize that such an extent ot land in theceartj ami
so situated, should not before have been generally known.
It ii ulrL however.' to have been discovered some rears
Lwnri by aome'A
concealed for mercantile purposes. .
3 VALPARAISO, JAW 23, 1 820.
Six ; I avail myseif of an opwriunity to write
by the way of England, to notify you of a recent
importanr discovery of land i:ilh6 TSbUth Seas ' "
I n the month of - Febntaryi-of the last year,
Captain Smith, master of the British merchant
brigantine ViHiam on a passage fronti Buenos
Ay res to this port, round Cane Horn, in lafnudc
6 1 40 south, discovered land "When he arrived
here, "he repohed what he had seenr but most
persons "w ere incredulous. . Mortified by this
scepticism.- upon his return passage to Mqntcw
cr he hid bteo dec . j vsd 9f wt iH bad
in addition to the conscious satisfaction arising
from having patronised and promoted laudable
intelligence, adventure, and enterprise
Perhaps new sources of wealth, happiness,
pbwer and revenue, would be disclosed, and
science itself be benefited thereby. The land
lately-discovered lies in the track of vessels
bound into and out of the Pacific Ocean. "
With respect, I have the honor to be, sir, your
tjiosi . olientCbj
To the Hon. S4XCII.L. MiTranu LX.V.. r
President of the Lyceum Kat. ffist. N. York, &c. 8tC
BANKS The people of Ohio seem deter
mined to wage an exterminating war agaihst
Banks and Bank Directors, of every description.
The following, among others, was
resolution vf the people of Hamilton county, at
a convention held 'on the 1st of August: Rek'cl
ved. That Banks and Bankers are totally unwor
thy of public confidence and that it la tlie dutyf"6f .
every good citizen to make, use of all legal and
V :.... -y