fnlire mlitit, hul J.Uttl.f In blli.!aiirr, :,. of
eicrllcnt quality. And this Mme mi.ty, m Ii!r ttti
yrsrs ago, did not rslw more than one ffih v( ulat h
coni'imrti, now ra!n wore U.un It wants for in ounron.
rimption. Impryvcmr nt ha been equally rapid, and c
quallygrcat, In crcrj other department of husbandry.
Ilieir breed of cattle, of shcrp, andof bogs, ruvo been
greatly ameliorated." And U mi ilk;d, UiM the
Hies have nut on! Improved m lonl'mr m, but increased
In usefulness ami real estimation. Thcyara bow mow
liwlmtnouti mor simple and rrpubfican ln their man.
acni Wcpollahed in their jninda. 'ttcy." excited a
pirit of enterprise and exemplary ia;lutr) and rut a.
ttvi tit prrjutEctt wAW hwt aid fancitd'fatlncfan
attach tt iuuI empUtmfia; For th (ax it of all these
tftcti. we must look to the Atmcuhurd Hn-Wiv " 1 LI.
U oidyaveryimps-rfcct sketch of the good which haa
he en effected by one of then Institutions i the icweirate
of all. would be truly umMnng. luid almost Incredible.
Our only object In the boVr, if "to excite g fpmt of
- - am h m k hw w w mmM iin m . iir 1 1 n v niam
r 1 T w " " iiiw
'II .L- J .1 ' ' . . ,
" " icvu ucrx. tci in aito&auon
eJLinJsJxwf.iwHtw in thiaewn-
yLtt every firmer be jndbfic iritcd enough' to Join it,
and btcqme an attttx mem! y i Let funds be raised to be
lilJ out lii premium, U bAwardtdevery fall in a pub
lie manner, to personi who aha! deserve thefn by their
experiments and jmproveroenta In the 'delightful and ne'
ccuary artj of husbandry i Let tIis be done, and. wYvciC
lure to predld; that ten yean hence tcarcely an lipid
ww oc aeen uitJie countji ami f hat lands which now
produce fire, will ihcii produce 'tfleen buahela to the
acre i and such as now tleld t,t)J.tjr will tlten afford
abundant crops. ' ;
Ftattt.-A potatde vii hotred u last week
raised in the garden of Daniel Clary, Esq. of this villjgr,
w hich measured three fect fwr inches in length, and one
foot in circumference. papers from various parts
of the Onion, for screral weeks, hare teemed with ac.
counts of the uncommon productions of natnre the past
season; such as mammoth snplcs snuaxhes, pumpkins, &.c.
and we now hire the pleasure of adding a mammoth
tut to the list of wonders. .. .
' v. '.- to ceaaxsrevsiirs.
A second number of the Beriew 6f the Athenian
Club' " is requested, before' wc come to a decision.
1 A'EIK- COLLEGE.
oft tj wtsTias; CAaouu.
. The ubject of instituting public chartered
feat of learning in the Western part of the state
t XT L I I tA J?
yi iurui-vroiinaf nas oeen nouceq oy uincreni
public papert. The merits oT the measure have
been differently spoken of. While some publi
cations emanating, (at least ostensibly,) from dis
taat place, speak, nith hesitation on the subject,
the ceuse has been nobly pleaded by others more
-immediately within the sphere of operation, and
here, the necessity and Importance of the mcas
lire can-more. easily be ascertained. What tic
rrree n( inttmt nnH rn . lh mraiir nncrhf In
excite in Ihe public mind, will be developed in
the answer to the two following questions :
1st. Is the measure necessary ?
. 2d. Is it one that can be effected ? -
First s Is the measure, necessary ? From va
rious considerations, 4t would appear that an af
firmative answer must be here given. 1st The
example of our sister states forms a strong pre
sumptive argument thit the. measure is neces
-Kary.-Ihs any-other 4Ute in the Union pxmes
sing the population of North-Carolina : entertain
ed the opinion that; one public seat of learning
re; i ... j i
wavBinnxicm r-- naa inassncrrusciis- uceuicu one
sufficient ? Has Vermont ? Has New-York ? Has
Pennsylvania T Has Virginia ? kc. 8cc. We are
attentive to the policy 0tour sister states in other
respects, and disposed .to learn from example.-
Why attentive in everf oiher respect, but turn a
deaf ear to. the particular now in hand ? I repeat
it, that the uniform example of other states con
stitutes an. argument' violently presumptive in
favor of. the measure here advocated. 2d. The
conveniehcy of the Western section of the state
requires the institution of another public seat of
learning. FronT'the western hmits of. Northj;
Carolina- to Chapel-Hill, is not less than 300
nulesv '-At so distant a place, it i both inconven-
ud that parental intercourse which IsnecessrT
pdtirirtO -toHege residence. ; 3d. .The jVreserya
F tion of our resources at home, our local situation,
Vaiidthe arcumstances of our country, make it
tiripv "A hat fTnfnr)iliir inf mAnu at llcf ant
places be,-as much as possible, avoided. Under
present circumstances, this object is not suflv
it.uj - xr....:.i i? tT-i
versity'of Nqrih-Carolina, located at Chapel-Hill,
not a few ofjour youth go into ntighboiing states.
or distant places, to finish their education. 4lh.
The accommodation of that part of society to
which heavy V pcnseTafe not convVnietrTuH
provision cmbr'-es vUrKe-JS-ttdift iiva:y re
pect. an lmnort t share nf the noniilatioii of this
- . r - r I -
western sectio i country. Larije fortunes are
proneny is well iv
' trbm a v'arict
onsiderations it would an-
pear that education can be prosecuted with com
parative economy in western parfof Nrtrth
Carolina. The sojl, r fertile ; provisions abun
dant, and the tiorrii. 'ah&maiiners of .society
comparatively r ..ri. Mayers of fact suppo the
allegation hercWWe. Pj utation, in every form
in our power,hasactualr beettprosecuted here,
and is now prosecuted.rv'more ecQnomical
terms than in the most'ofcfwcs.-vOn this
Rubiect I would inquire have the lite regulation
r of some ! of ur pfulilip seats ;6f l mint; no un
friendly bearing ohlthat ntimeroui rtibn -lofw
, ' !FX w.i'OS'tLMJterest is, now iimlcr '-ration i
ttu'uiW, iii cit!tr to prtidniic, Tl.c pliti ap
peiis to he, that the Mwtrut 1u!l rcMc fur
years. I p-sk, whi t mud the efldt of tU p!.ui
be? Ileyotal !ouU hi. The dcraJatiini of
Academics. For If they aro to le cirrumt'ii!)cd
in their operation within the ury nnrruw limits
that are set lUm ; IT they nre jvcrmiitrd to pre
side over the mere first ptincip'cs of education
only, every nr.ttl.of weight and character il
shake his bands f tear of them, and retire from
the scene where his entertainment, profit' and
Improvement, would be essentially tpce and his
opportunity of utility Jo the public completely
circumscribed. Ji not this an e? ent to be depi e
t-ted f IIse well regulated Academics no lm
poiunt beat ing upon the literary Interest of our
Ciiuott y i-2dr-'i his plrv must xcndo' the less
opulent part of society from the field of science,
ikI throor t monojwly of learning into the hands
of the rlth. College expenses are heavy ) and
for to long i period of tlrne cannot l borrie"ly
those who are not UtiJihy. Uk.;is tUre oolb
Ing to be' deprecated in thisstate of things f Is
lhercLiliolhing.aiistocrsiicxl. U there. notUng
menacing, both tilth resect to the Intent of
church and ' state I Let none suppose that he
writer is an advocate for a smattering in education.-
No r if a College arl.e in the West, we
wish and design it to be inferior to none in point
of solid learning aiU .acichccr 'l his, the writer
insists upon It, can be accomplished without the
long college residence hitherto noticed.
From the 6rt institution of Princeton College,
and until ilthin m few years, after a rcspccuUte
acquaintance ith the dead languages, and a good
knowledge of geography, the atudent th-t wa at
tentive to business was sure, to gtaduate i two
years. Was this an insufficient course i Ltt the
merits of the men that were iittitxiuced into the
literary world under this course answer the ques
tion. Are not these the luminaries that have
shone in the church, in the medical, department,
and at the bar t Are not these the men tha have
figured in our legislative coun- its, hnl thundered
in the field of battle i I hut it appears' that the
long college residence, and the cou-eq jent heavy
expenditures now by some of our public seats of
learning imposed on the student, are artificial
rather than necessary If it be s .id that the field
of science is extending, the measure, tuertlorc,
that Is here complained of is ncctsviry ; I an
swer, let well regulated Academics have their
full weight In a course or education. Hue ex
penses are comparatively iiht. i hus the same
point can be obtained, and learning not be put out
of the power of the less wealthy put t ol society.
5th., The, interest of religion and morality
would seem to require the measure . If all the
youth of our own state that are puruing a liter
ary course, together with a considerable number
from neighboring states, are to be collected to
gether at Chapel-Hill, it ill be difficult to pre
setve that order, that morality and virtue which
are vitallylmportarit f6rile Imnor and Interest
of an institution; and for the honor, interest, ond
usefulness in life of thoe who emunate from it In
any department of life, in proportion as the num.
ber is great which is collected together, in the
same proportion is it difficult to support order,
and preserve the interest of morulity anJ virtue.
Hence the rigid discipline that must,, be kept up
in armies. And hence the vigilance and disci
pline that has been kept up. and must be kept
up. in the cumbrous and massy Furopean uni
yersities. The number ought to be respectable,
so as to awaken spirit of due compctiiion ice
But there is a boundary , th.U it ouht not to pass.
In pleading the cause of religion and morality,
the Church ' wlirdtily appreciate the weigh! of the
argument. She laments the paucity of compe
tent Ministers of the Gospel, t.nd mourns over,
her silent .Sabbaths. Her eyes are upon the
fountains of science, and she devoutly supplicates
that they may be preserved pure. But ought the
church only to be solicitous that virtue and sci
ence be combined in our seats of learning ? Hits
the state no interest in such an issue ? To bfiii m
this would be rash, ant in opposition to the dictates-of
com men .sense,. and the results of expe
rience in every, age of the world. Ancient le
gislators accorded' ith t he sentiment of t he poc t (
'Tis fixed by fate, irrevocably fixed,
Virtne and vice are empires' life and death.
If this is true with respect to other government",
ir is crrfcinly; eminently true uhh respect to a
republican' govei lirntnL A government occu
pying a fair portion of F.urope, a few years ago,
mtwle the bohl ex jeriment f exterminating reli
gion She-Changed th&abbaJlv-day-proit rated
the temples of worship, and wrote over the bu
ry ing-grounds, "'' the fflacr of eternal tleffi"
The event was awfully admonitory. The ruins
were terrible i and with a - voice like thunder,
teach the nations of the earth to stand far from
that forbidden ground. - l" "
Xoincident with the doctrine hexe(
is'tfie faneWell address of our immortal Wash
ington, to ihfeprfettf te-NUnkefttatev when
he retired from the Presidential chair.' He call
ed upon them, in order to .maintain the interest
of their country;, to be careful to support the in
terest of religion and morality. " Cautiously,
( say s he,) admit the idea, that the latter can be
maintained witiiout the former." : He adds -"A
volume w ould not be sufficient to trace the con
nexioh of religion "and morality with civil socie-
ty.",,Thc ?ame .thing is necessary. tQ. complete.
the standing nnd character ol the student. jA ill
any hesitate to admit that morality isssential to
a hnished character.! treat talcntrand learning,
rising in conflict-with morMexreUency, never
can be u blessing t society, but must be an ob-j
jecx to be rieprccaurt. ,nu is morality nrmiy
oaseo: on any other bottom put that of religion J
I hus the interest of hothtivil and religious soci
itnpTt:r.'"e of the r current r.o.r uncr ccr.tMe
ntiu. This rjtitiicr.l nuut stand in full foicc,
except it can he made to appear that the itttertts
ol religion ami morality ate already suitably con
sulted ami supported in our Southern scats ol
learning. Whether thlv is the cue or not. let
two thing determine ! lit. The paucity of Min
isters of. the Compel that emanate from them (
2d. The testimony of those that have had an'cp
portunity of Inspecting the slate of religion and
morals among those that compose them.. '
The second point developing the merits of the
zeal and operations In the est.' to institute a
new College; It, 2d. Is it an c4iccl that on be
effected f To arcoinpiish the object, two things
are necessary ; 1st, A chatter fioirnhe Leit'tsla
turr tt "the btsterThlTri take ir for granted,
can and will be obtained." 3d. Funds to meet the
expenses of the undertaking Upon this ground,
is there any evidence that we nugtju despair ?
In point of fundsTwKat et Wencc Tuve wtlhafthe
CeiKTal A'aie.mbiyrwUI not boU out the hand of
generous co-operation r-x What operation would
more iramortalire the names of the ensuing le
gislature, than to arise in their mjesty,arid found
a seat of learning that would promise fir to he a
blessing, not only to "the present generation, but
lb generations yet unburn 'Mo the history of ev
ery country i the founding of respectable scM ol
learning' forms an import;iht era. The legitla
ture has the power t and we have yet to learn,
that they have not the will to patronize the Mine
of learning. But should we not be no foitunjie
as t olkain public 'aid, does it hence follow that
this grcr.t project must fail? Other seats ol
learning, i( great importance, vh. Princeton, kc.
have been founded and long supported by.piivale
munificence. And has that liberality lhat once
pouted blcttalngs on sot ivty, now taken ltt flight ?
We arc. not prepared to believe it. Thcie is
much weMth in that section of country ruueern
ed and wc htve yet to be convinced, that then
will net be a disposition to disburse it upon so in
teresting a call In this state of mind wc arc tup
ported by the liberal overtures of a variety ol in
litldu:ils.'"A number have said, if the plan goes
Into operation, they will tive one thousand dol
lars towards It. Many can be found that would
contribbte that sum ; end, probably, I as well
without it as with it. The unanimity of the pub
lie is great, the zeal remarkable ; it may there
fore be Wily Calculated uwn, that liberal muuili
eence'will be pretty 'general.
The matter, then, stands thus : The necessity
of another public scat of learning is supported by
the examples of our s'utcr states by convenicn
Cy by the preset vation of our resourtesal home
by the accommodation of the less wealthy p-it
of society and by the interests of religion and
That it is an object that can be effected, ap
pear from the consideration, that the LcgitU
lure will not refuse a charter, and with it will
probably gnmt somcassistimre in point of funds
But should we receive no public aid, as to fund,
the wcalt.Sof that section of country concerned
lis respectable, and their liberality with respect to
so great and important an object, we hope, may
be relied upon. Let it be understood, that from
the first movement on this subject, we have con
ferred with many leading characters in the up
per parts of South-Carolina, who feel interested
in the object, and pledge every suitable co-operation
in order to its accomplishment.
To advocate this great project before the Gen
eral Aksemhlynmst'devolve Lupoh .Abe 'rcpi emu
lative from this western section of the state.
We hope that none will be insensible to its im
portancc ; but that, "with all possible zeal, the v
wiil support a cause so important to society in
general, and particularly to lhat section of coun
try to which they belong. iuvivs.'
rnOMTtlK 0EM0CRAT1C TUPM.
Spain -We have it from such authority as aa
tifiesji of the fi.ct. thai the King of Spain lias ra
tified the treaty with'the United States tor the Ten
sion of the FforitU.h : we are also satisfied that the
ratified treaty is now in the United States1, and will
be submitted to Congress, immediately on its as
sembling next month.
The manifsio,-ihe tyrannic and warlike mani
festo of the Empcior Alexander, on Spanjsh af
fairs, which we lately published, hasjcn v
plained to the entire satisfaction of the Spanish
King and Cortex: -The' EmpCwJris Urtdcrttoort
to have '"detlare'd, itrhis explanatory-tate paper,
that Ms fir?t manifesto was predicated on the be
the Kingdom, and dictated to the people by forte
of arms the present established, form ofRovern
tnent r but thnt subsequent advices having con
veyed a more correct statement, and hfcr iraperi1
al Majesty being satisfied that the change tit 'the
government has been the act, not of the arnly,
but oi.tAe -JVati6ri,he is nJwenUfelcewtk4
to the change, and hopes the cohstiiuted author
ities smHrre SpaniT people may-tmjof prosper
ity and happiness under the newly established or
der of things. These txplartalions and congrat
ulations have been received in the mostTiiendly
spirit, and the bet relations of friendliness art
established between the two governments.
l Plan for ejtcting Monafarte'i 5-flo.Tle cu
rious paragraph which follows, is from a private letter from
. Pari, o(a; recent date..; .,' , . ;. i-' , J.
"The King, mottgh pTctty well just now, is still very
feeble ; and you may jest assured, thatin die event of h. i
death.sferrii strong measures wilLbe taken with re!
to the English now residing" in franco and iti dcpendcri
cics -'tis whispered among the higher circles, 1 mean th
old marshals, &c. that on the above evjent taking place,
every r.nfiftbiriftn will be put in close Confinetnent nil the
emperor is. restored to libertv, ' They it the same time
.disclaim arty.idea bf again placing him on the throne but
they say thejr country is degraded byallowwg'their for-
A rirncl.nun In New-Orleans In a lrcrtiicj
to cute by means f music, the l.idicl who may
At the Hivof Ht.IMj.m ir Ncw-OltcanontliO WU
r. lira, lliritv, wife of tn-n. IlijiUy. '
funntrm wbsklv ra rn vmrrimis stt.J
Ilecf, met I
(TottorV Upland --'.-
fTlour, ijrfrit! "
- hn ...
Hotllard - -Iron,
F. njflLih - -
IV,rlc - . - -'
Riiiu, Jmica, 4th proof
W. Islanil4lh U.
dj. 3d tlu.
Ulre . .
I Jverpool ground
Sugr, Mnncovado -
Tea, Vinn Hrson
Hyson ' -Imperial
To!)tco, h-af -
Wheat . . .
tVh'wikey . .
THE aenil-amiHal examination oV thr pupil will com
mence on Monday, the 4'1, and -Ihh? on Thnmlay,
ti e 7th of December next. Parents and guanliaiii arc
respectfully requested to aUend.
'Hie -xerciti a ill reconmicikte on Uic first Monday of
In the female department are taught reading; writing,
English Grammar, arithmetic, gogrnphy, the uw of the
globes, belles Icttrca, history, drawing, puintiitg, musir,
In the nule department are taught the tuuaLbrunchcs
of literature. 22tf
T1IO. L. COW AN, .WeMry.
"irESTHRDAV, in the main afreet of Salinbiiry, between
.1 Mr. Ywiiig store anl, my house, or on my own lots,
a red morocco POCKET-HOOK, containing one note oi'
hand on M'Crump, Ea. given the week of our Superior
Court, payable ten days after date, amount, S58.50; one
on RoWrt Heard, given the same week, amount, 20 ;
on; of the same dutc, given by John Bmmlon, of S 13.50 j
ami one of S52.70, given by Hugli Torrence, Statesville,
dated October 31, ami payable one day alter date. Al
so, one bank note of $5, on the Xcwhcrn bank, with a
number of judgments, and other papers. The above
notes of hand are all payable to myself.
, All person are cautioned against trading for said notes;
as th-ir payment has been stopped. Whoever will re
turn the porket-book, with its contents, to the suhscn-
ber, hall receive a liberal reward. -
HENJAMIN P. PEARSON.
Satitlivrr; Xv. 3, 13?0. 2w22
llir-L HE ROLl, at the CourUIonse in Sallsburj', 11
t f on Momlty, the 2(Kh inM. fur cash, firnr hundred
Mii! iiii-ty-four ik res of land, on the Yadkin river, known
by the name of John ! oug'a ferry, (iifludingsaklfcrrv.)
and all improvemenS thereon j levied on to satisfy sundry
executions in favor of Jaeob Smith ami George Smith,
executory )Un Uutntr and others against said Long. .
.Alt enter 6, 1S20. 2v22
JOHN JJEAHD, Shaif.
TME person who took ftom mv house, probaWyby'
mistake, on or bIkmu the "d inst.'ono new pair of
black t'ttfb pantaloon, and onopair of hrown stoekinet
do. -partly worn, will oblige the nhseriberbv returning
lliiiii oon;, " TilOMA8 UOLTON;
Xsmnber C,1C20. : .' i ;
- Jfr lll An !mmedi& attentkin to the above may fare
the pehion who lias them in his rtowes;ion aome trouble
THERE will he a V presented o the fiest GVaefal
Assembly of the State of North-Carolina, for a divi
sion of Cowan County, . T110S. HAMPTON.
, Oetder 13, 1820.. : v i, .;' ,; ... ..
ON the night of the 20th instant, a HAY. HOUSE, 14$
handaUgWuilkMat in tlie foreheftl,swahbv mane, .
one tof his Iiind legs white -rki at the rate of 12 tnilea
M hour, and throws his feet an unusual distance apart;
X auiudile .reward wOl Wgiven bv Uie aubriber, Lving1
near Charlotte, for the deb very of the horao, or informs
(tion where lie. may be" found. ' -v 4w21 .
' Oct. 31. ''' WILLIAM i. VOL.
, ------- i. .'- . - '
JIAKDOLI'H tfOUNTTr r 7
Court of Pita end Quarter Semttn$i"Atirvit Term. 1820,
"IT appearing to the" Coim that, the- defendant m thi$ '
JL caac rcwnVMn anoUief government, it s ordered that -all
proceedings he stayed for, three months ; and that
puuicttion he.' made' in the r ffetri CamUniuii for slxr
eek'&r'iheVftudat apbear At the next dotirt to
hcheldiDr said county,spn the flwt fclomlay in November
next, and Tcplevyi rpustttto tssmv of demnrrptnerwisa
, .)...t L., ,i..... b - :n eri.. ,i ..'t ?!m i , ,
mispiitr, in sue. iiauuj w wiF'tjiii''j'
65 , I
- & - r 1
ety, nuUif6 -comp'euon of t. character and