North Carolina Newspapers

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r' t- '"T-tttt itt-ri- - imhi'ji .'. 1 . -
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vuvnvn p.uMsnn. ,
:jcflc iit the fiwnf.Cod,
I I...- ....,V.a at.. 1 l ....... r
Tutu or ihiiit f rrjv troa," " 7 r
' Turt furtive tinblctt
ItrctUnn, vlifirmirtlur buti .
. ' -,0 receive to J out tttit ' r
' lxut-!y, I no lunger twin, '' ' '..-'v
jikc tlitt rloiul, the iivt, tlicnraiV,
Where j wi dwell khall he my bumf, ;
AVijfre you i! iJiAil be rtiy jfrsct M '
Mjnp tlio ('! ltom yon adurr, '
"".."".Your ftedceoter shall le (tunc j ,
tartU ei fill my ml no mure i ",
Efery l l4 Iredpii. " k:?-.. . ' - V
Ttll me not of jin n J loiy
. tc, twj)V)ymn, pH7p,'itHl power
, Welcome portrtwiilerowi, ,
Min, rrprouch, nffllction'i luW. ,
ToIIo mc, I know thy oiwc ;
elm, Lord, tby I cc,
'Now 1 Uke JJy yoke ty tlio'iot-,
Uglit tlty burthen now on mcj ' t
iinifi'ctsed with thbc intimcnU. Ixaaaotrc-iaa juttxondjiiona,. aodin luaaunr equally.
gar J the pressures to which I have verted
, pincrwisc, maa in me ugni oi mua ana in
fclructlveadmonitioo i? warning us of dangers
to be shunned in future f tjeAhing us lessons
:.o( economr, corresppndingith the slmpli-
tUy and purity of Qur institutions, and best
adapted to Uicirsrfpport J evincing Ihe con-
iiexion and t dependence which the various
nrrts of oar hannv Union have tn each bth-
- y yr, thereby augmenting. dally our sociul in
r'V - corporation, -and addingrby iti strong ties,
.new irvigui una vigor loxne poiuicai
i . 1 j - . . i . t '
kittjt tin nt.
where tnerc vj iu
II . I w
coma lc .iniMiiMUriiC' u a rariy c
r?;"inwJ..ti(i"o ofdilTfrtnn. ri'1 it ij Ik.J,
'jjrtvci.t ull luih Iraudnlitii uud p.-rniuoua
juiiics, and htt tie rrUtions 6f -thr trf
ouirfrjci on ttvtry, ar.iieuUc and pt-rniutu-nt
Ukii. , . . .
The commetical rrl.uionbter'n1h, Uni
ted Srit? and xhv Uri'.hh t(ctemxi!"Ym
Indies, and on lids continent, luvtf undergone
no change the ltqtihli government utill pre
ferring to leave that commerce under ihc re
ttrictiun herttcforc iiuposnUm it on ea:li tide.
UH suislactory to recoiln t,that tlte lesrrainjj.
resorted to bv thtrXriutTirSratcs were defen
sive onlv, intciidrd to prevent a monoixjiy un-
llftiu Vn' likewise is to knotv'that'the'eX'"
ptrimcnt is advancing in a spirit of amity be
tween the parties. '
The question depending between the Uni
ted States and Great Britain, respecting the
construction of the first article of the treaty
of Ghcrit, has been referred, by both govern
ments, to the decision of the Emperor of Kus
t'u, who has accepted the umpirage.
, ' An attempt has been made, with thf gov
ernment of Wancelo regulate, by treaty, the
commerce, between the two countries, on the
principle of reciprocity and equality. Dy
the last communication from the Minister
Plenipotentiary f the United. States, at Paris,
to whom full power had been given, we learn
that the negotiation had been commenced
there; hut serious difficulties having occurred,
the Trench government had resolved lo trans
fer it to the United States,for which purpose,
the Minister Plenipotentiary of France had
bt4u ordered to repair to this city, and whose
arrival might soon be expected. It is honed
that this important interest may be arranged
i '-aZ aw.'(?er faiSe and with new encourage
i -rrwnfY to the industry -anti enterprize pf our
. ' fellow citizens at home and abroad t and more
m especially, by the multiplied proofs wnich it
rtas acwrnuiatru, o. ine greaipcricctron oj oar
most excellent sj stcra"6f .gnyernmentj "the
"jpbwtrTul jristrifrnent,' inthor hai3 of ia all-
merciful Creator, in securing to. us tiiese bless-
HuriPY is our situation is; it does not ex-
tmpt'us from, solicitude, and care fothe fa--t-
- v-"vMro;Oo the tontrarn as'thetilcsswjrs which
i-nii tir. ' ntf 'nrnnnrtinn
should be'ourvigilance, ical and activity to
prccrvc inrm. 'j k oreign wan may again ex
pose us ',10 new. wrongs, which would impose
oq us new1 duties, for which we ought to Be
"prrpnT,Jl4itatc.5f Enrope is tincttled,
sofa how Jong may be preserved'isTili
' together uncertain In addition to which, we
-have McrestsTjf otirown yi adjast;.hich wjll
require. partiCuIarjitteDiion. A correct .view
of. our u relations -with each power will enable
you to form a just idea of existing difficulties,
unu oi ine racasurt oi nrecauuon oestaaapt
ed to them-. . . v v'f'
, Respecting bur relations with Spain, noth
ing expticu cn now dc communicated, un
the adjouroment of Congress, in May last,
the .Minister,. Plenipotentiary of the United
-S?ate"Rt fi ftdri4 waf tmmnrwtharfnforrfr thei
government oT Spain. thWlf his Catholic
government would accept tae ratiucation so
i -
1 -
w 1
taras to submit to the decision of the Senate
. 1 : the question, w tether such ratihcatiqn should
- V- - lie received in exchange forthfft of theJUht-
tea sxates nereioroTe Riven. 7 vv icuen irom
-t"tarv-f-Stafv it nrinpnrs. tliat a .'jinmmuni.
cation, in conformitv with -hi instructions,
fwl been matle ta thVgQvenrmexit of 5p?jn,-
and that the Cortes had the subject under con-
ttderation. The result of the deliberaion of
'. tbaf ,hody, "w
-mncbknown to CongresrasBOttn a ;.lr1STPe-
ceived. Ihe Iricnuly sentiment which was
expressed on the paxt of the United States,
jn tlvj,,message 01 the 9ihof-Ma last; is stil
i tgret, however which arc inseparable from
the delay attending this transaction, it is prop
er to state, that satisfactory information has
-been received that.jiieasuri.shave been rerent
ly adopted, by designing persons, to convert
satisfactory to both parties. It is submitted
to Congress to'dide,linuLsuch arrangement
is made, how far it may be proper,-on the
principle of the act of the last session, which
augmented the tonnage duty on Trench ves
sels, to adopt other measures for carrying
more completely inter effect the policy of that
act.1 . i r. .
The act referred to, which imposed new
tonnage orf French vesstts, having been In
force from add after the, first day of Juty, it
has happened that several vessels of, that nan
tion, which had been dispatched front France
f '. . t '' .
oeiore us existence was Known, nave entereo,
the ports of the United States, and been sub
ject to its operation without )hat previous no
tice wnicn tne general spine or our tawa gives
to individuals in similar cases, idc.oujcci
of that hw haviogteen merely jacounterrail
the. inequalities which existed,tq ;he disad
vantage of theT-Upited States io their'epm-
incrvw imcifcuuisc wiiu jrraDtr, 11 is suuuui-
ted, also, 40 the consideration of Confess,
whether tn the spiht pf amity.'and concilia-
lion, wnicn 11 is no less tne ancunaiion man
the policy of the United States to preserve,
in their intercourse with other powers, it may
not be proper to extendjelief to thcUndivid-
uais inicrcsica in loose cases, oy exempting
from the operadon pfitht law: all thoSjC-vcs
sels-which. haycjentercd our portsf without
having had the means of previously L no wing
the'existettce of the additiOTalduty?4
v The coStest vbetween. Spain and the cblo
hiesj according to the? most authentic Tnforma
lion; is maintained bv thtf latter with improv?
ed success. The unfortunate divisions wh:ch
.1 . . ' . i
were Known 10 exisc some lime since ax Due
rios Ayrcsv it fs understood, siill prevail, j In
no part of South America Ttaj Spain niade
any impression on the colonies, while, in ma
ny parrt, particularly in Venezuela and New
GrenatfatTuTcOT have gained strength,
and acquired jfeputationto
successful, and for the order of the internal
admioistratiomvTlie- late change in the cov
ernment of Spain, by the re-establishment of
the constitution of i812,7isan"c
promises lo be;"iav6table JO
Under the authority of the Cortes, ihq Con
grestof Angostur a wasinvited.iQ aptt&M
gotiation for the settlement of dilTeterices be
certain parts of the province of Last Hor
, iritaacportrtneireepwH onorrten gooif
irom wiicnc.e 10 snjjuccic uraa into uic unuec
States. By opentnjj a pnrt within tlie' lhiias,a.;ul,rv.;r...:: ft;ru:e;,i u. ne nii-
al oij( cti, to v!uM, in ihe ui yr;;- " rtJI
rTni il c'uii.t s,50ur' tuteution will be drawn.
Among three, none hold a more important
pi ice than tlie public revenue, from the di
rect peratintt ot"tH- power,-by whiuh it is
raised, 011 the' people, and by Us inflii'nce'in
;ivitg effect to t cry wJicr jkiw tr of the gov-rrnnn-nt.
The revenue clrprnds on the rr
wmef'HHefcnmtfyrnd iHfucrlity-by-which
the ahioont required is raised,! a strong
proof of the extent of tUt resources, and ol
the. ehVicnry of the g ivernmrnu A few
promiiirnt facts will p'.ac? thi gn at intrM
S:ptcaljcr, 1815, the funded und lioaiiug Ucbt
of the .-United States was estimated at one
TuihVlrr-ahd lith'(cf oUnioSi;Ix.huaarcd'
and ve ihdiisjind five hundred and fiX. ;
tv-eight dollars. If to this sum be a3dcd,
the amount or five in-r cent, stock, subscri
bed to the Hack of the 'United States, the
amount of Mississippi stock, and of the slock"
which was. issued subsequently to that dale ;
the balances ascertained jo be due to certain
states for military services, and to individu
als for supplies funrnhrd, and services ren
dered, during the fate war, the public debt
may be estimated as amounting, atihat date,
and as afterwards liquidated, to one hundred
and fifty-eight millions seven hundred and
thirteen thousand and forty-nine dollars. Or.
the 30th Srptember, 1820, it amounted to
ninety-one millions nine hundred nod ninetv-
three thousand ejght hundred and eighty-three
dolIarsYhaviiiglKen reduced, in that interval,'
by payments,' sixty-six millions eight hundred
and seventy-nine thousnnd one hundred and
sixty-five dollars. During this term, the ex
penses'of the govrrnment of the U. States
were likewise defrayed in even- branch of the
civil, military, and naval establishments ; die
publie edifices in this city-have Jecit,
w tniconsideraTjTe addTonS f CXtcnsive forti.
hcations have been commenced, and ate in a
traU.oCccution ; permanent arselnali land
magazines have been erected in various, parts
of the Union; our navy has been considera
bly augmented, and the ordnance,1 munitions
J-of war, and stores,, of the army and navy,
wincnLwere jnucn exnausteaxjuting tne war,
tave been replenisled.r Dythe discharge ol
o large a proportionftf the public debt, tn so
jlwrt atimca jyst'etimate may be formed
of the great extent of our national resources.
X n ucm,onstration is tne more complete ana it t J recollected that the . di-
rect tax and excise were repealed soon alter
thetcrminaiion of the latewar.and that the
revtnUcj applied to these purposes has been
derived almost wholly. fromhejaources;V-
rrt -.. . . 7t .1 -'-r - -
ine receipts into ine reasury. irom every
source, to tne . autn oeptemoer last, nave a?
mounted to "sixtecnTmilirbris "seiren hundred
that they would willingly open the negotia
tion provided
independence Iwas madea
btherwjteiiv; !'Of "liurther proceedings between
them, we- are uniniormedi No facts re
known to this government to warrant the be
lief that any of the powers of Europe will take
parrirr thc feelnfeF
red, considering all circumstance's which mttst
have 'weight ip. producing the result, that an
adjustment will Anally take place, on the basis
proposerl-by the-.tolonte. To promotfthat
result, by friendly rouniitls with other pow
ers,' including Spain herself, has been the uni-
4 ioriw-polwry pi -tht-governmenU
In locking to the internal concerns of our
country, you will,. I. am persiradedA derive
ind ninety-four thousand one hundred and
leven dollars. sixt'yVix centswhile the pub-
lie expendi turesvto-rhe -eame period amoun-
ICO to sixteen minions eigne nunurea ana seventy-one
thousand1 fivelnundred and tnirtv-
four dollars seventy-two cents. Icavinpr in the
Tre'a9ury3)o "that ' day, 4i aum'estimated at
one million nine hundred and fifty thousand
dollars.:For the probable receipts of the fo)
lowintr vear;u. reier tou to tne statement
which willncirapsmitted from the Treasury)
The sum of three milliona of dollaTs.-axi"'
thortsed to beTaiscd by loan, by an act of the
last ession-pt Cbngressrhas beei obtafned
upon terms advantageous to the government,
indicating not only an Increased confidence in
the faith of the nation, but the existence of a
large amount of capital seeking that mode of
invesimeni, ac a rate ct taierest not exceed
ing five per cenUpcf annum. .
; It is proper to add, that there is now due
to""tlie3lreasury, Tor the sale of put lie lands,
twentyrtwo millions nine. hundred and ninety
six thousand five hundred and forty-five dol
lars. In bringmo. this subject to view, libi
sidcrritrmy: duty to submit to Congress,
wKetKer it may hot be radvisable to extend to-
the purchasers of these lands, in consideration
red since the sales, a reasonable indulgence.
It isjkho wu that :the purchase? were- itrade
wTicn the prjeef c vera had risen" to
it greatest-height,-and -that' the instalments
are bectmmrdue-ar a-penod of Treat deiires
sion. It is presumed that some plan maybe
ble with the public interest, which would af
ford great relief to these purchasers. -Considerable
progress has been made, du-
rmg.the. Resent seas
coasf and its various baya, and other inlets j
in the collection of materials, and in the con
struction of. fortifications for the defci&c of
the Union, at several of the positions at which
it has'been decided to- erect suc"h works.' At
Mobile Point," and Dauphin Island, and .at
the Rigolets, leading to Lake Pontchartrain,
:mateoalitft.a:.ctfrisiUerable-.amoant have beep
collected, and all the necessary preparations
made fop the. C'-mmence,m5:nt of the works.
A I Old rinlComf ii t.a. th; mr.;urt'cf j ,, . 1
llivtr, ami ot the Hip Hat, oil thi f(. p
thoicVw t!ic Chesapeake II iy, m .Ucr'ulug1
ait aipount hpve been tolls ctcij Rn4 at .j
Old Point some progress- 1ms been ,naje
the coutructiouof th lhfication. ,:,t :
cation. !.;rt
a'ven extensive scale. 'lle ,u
In)rt Washington, on this'river, will Le fCaj
pitted early' in the nrxt "spring. 8nJili;itv'
lire Pea Ptcm,iath' Delaware: lit the" if,.,,.!
of , the next season. 'For Diamond, u
Narrows, in the harlof of New-Yoik, u
fimshrd this year. Iim woiks St. lloitoi
New-York, Ualiimore, Norfolk, 'Cltarlcstoa'
and .Niag.' io. pariv rrwtrKfr
md tlie coilt of Nonh-Carpltna, exteadl.-
south to C ipe Fear,' has been examined, u
ward oj lltpn.i- lreat txertioni lm1ti
made to push forward these works wiili ij.
iitmost'dt'8p.itth possible j but when their ex
ten is considered, with the important pu.
fioses fyr. which tlxey are intended .the de
ence of the whole coast, and, in eonnrtjuenef.
of the whole interior, and that they ar tolj
for ages it will be manifest, that a weH di
gested plan, founded on military principles,
connecting the whole together, combining
curity with economy, could not be. prep
iinuuuv i tit va . Btk4isasiviis U IUC litOH
exposed and diificult parts, and thatit woi
also take considrrablc time to. collect the ma.
teri ds at the -'different 4 points where they
would bur required. From- all the light ih
has been shed on this Subject, I am satisfied
that every favorable anticipation which h
been formed of this great undertaking, irHl
be verified and that, when completed. it ifl
afford Verv great, if not complete protectios
to oWrjAtlantie frontier, in the event of ia
other4 war: a protection sufficient to couo-
terbalance, in a single campaign, with in tot.
my powerful atjura, the expensejpf jU tbes.
wonts, wunoiH raKiog into tne estimate wt
saving of ( so many of our citizen,
die protection of ouf towns, and other rrop
erty,orthe tendency of such works loft , 2. Vt ,
Ourmilitary positions hare .been raamt;.!
rt at Uclle Point on theiArkansSs, at Coi ,1 1
m,.ir nn ,k s.t:. c.'.ti....t. .il
Mississippi, and at Ureen'Bay on" the Upper
Lakes. Commodious barracks have afreadv
been erected at most of these posts, with tuck
works as were necessary for .their uefenct
Progress has also been made in opening com?
munications between them, and in raiting
supplies at each for the support of the troopi
by their own Iaborf -particularly those mo
remote. With the Indians ipeace: hat ben
preserved, and aprogress made trarryinj"
mto effect the actof Congress" making an 17
propriation for-their: civilization; with the
prospect bf favorable resalts. As connecttJ I
equally with both these objectsour tn-t
with those" tribes is thbughtto merit the st-'
tention of Congress. - In their original ttstf.
game is mcir susicnance, and war tneir occb
patioii Tahd, )f theyfindno employment froa
civilized powers; they destroy each other.
Left to themselves, tneir extirpation is iner
itable. . By a judicious regulation of our
tradc-ivith ihemwe supply their wants, d
minister. to their comforts, and gradually, a
the game retires, draw them to us. By tnain
taimngposts far in the interior, we acquire I
more thorough and direct control over them,
without which;il is confidently. beltevei jhat
a complete change in their manners can never
be accomplished. By such posts, aided by '
proper regulation of our trade with them,Bl
a judicious civil administration over thejn,
be provided for by law, we shall, it is pre
sumed, be enabled not only to protect our
own settlements from their savage incurs'.
and preserve peace among the several truKi
but accomplish, alsq the great purpose of
their civilization.-1 - '.ll..lZI:f. '
ij;aConM'cjeratilc 'jplogwslrasjr WinacV.-'
in the construction of ships of war," spmrof
.whkh,Jbave been;laumhedria th-course 4
the presen t .year, v ' V -'-'
i5cri5Jei.plj;t f
Barbary has beenpreserf ed, but we. ove it'
altogether to 'vtheTprmtt'cerof oar sqaadfon iB
th eJH Pflifrrrarira
forirtTcprottonojar. j
cUarTsca,the Pacific,; anialdne A'-1
coast Their4ertsta"
ifig in those quarters, whicrT have been muca
improved of iatc, are bt great extent, and of
high importance to the nation, as well as t
thepart,ies con
ly' suffer if such protection wras not 3i!
to them." .. In execution bf the lavv-of the h
tewign' for jhe suppressiph of the slarr't &et
some of our publy: ships have al't liu "
ployed on the coast of A ffita, t . iere $
captures have already bi-en r ! oft
engagtd m that disgracefultti V.

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