PUBLISHED BY KRIDEIl U BINGHAM.
, The Wtmia.GtMLtvM U jMbtu1icd every Tues.
Uy, at THREE DOLLARS per annum, pavalle scm.
annually In advance. ' '
are paid, nnlen at the discretion of the editors.
Whoever wIH become recponiibU for the payment of
itino paper, ahall receive a tenth gratis '
AartaTtsaxxiTs will be inserted on the customary
term. r '
No advertisement Inserted until Jt haa been paid for.
: 'vr Hi payment aiiumcd tottA person la tha town, or
iu vicinity, - m-v -
CAll lettera to the editora must be f$t paid, or they
w ill not be attended to.
Sir John Suckling used to say: MI pity the
poet who hat to write for hit bread. I pity the
man who hat Mien into the handa of a pettifog
ting attorney. I pity the rnan who it married to
a scold, unless he is deaf. I pity the woman who
it married to a rakiih spouse," unlets the it blind.
I pity the man who Is in debt and would pay if
he could. I pity the) man who can boast of a
tone; pedigree. Sir John says no farther. But
were tot to add a fitiy to the list, it would be this t
We pity the PRINTER, who, after he bat ear
ned hit scanty stipend, stands but oxa chance in
TfttEE of getting it the first time he calls.
FOB TNI WIlTtaV CABOLIVU.
Mcr$. Editor t : In looking over your very
useful paper, I have the pleasure to find a num
ber of well written essays in favor of locating a
Collf.oe in the Western part of North-Carolina.
It surely portends something flattering, to behold
near one half of the population of N. Carolina,
and one-third, or perhaps more, of our sister
state, South-Carolina, uniting simultaneously
with the tender of their wealth and best talenta
to accomplish so great and so desirable an object
-one of such vital importance, not only to the
rising generation, but an object of the first im
portance to a republican government.
r - Its importance, as respects the rising genera?
' ti'cra, can easily W anticipated in that it is the
only means by which the minds of our youth can
- be Illumined, and that " gross darkness which
covers the people" be dispelled. North-Carolina
Jias, within a lew years past, been making rapid
atridea in internal improvement; inland naviga
tion is progressitfgTapldly ; agriculture is rais
ing her bead from the dust, and is assuming an
air of importance ; her population is very re
spectable, and her internal resources are quite
adequate. for any emergency; her territorial
bounds are increasing. to the west; what was
once considered the centre of our state, can be J
consiaerea so no longer ; ana to cap me cumax
spirit of; mentatimprovement has seized the
youth of our Western Counties, unparalleled in
the history of our state, or, I might say, any stale
Jn the. Union.
Awake, ye friends of mental improvement !
. You whom your fellow-citizens have placed over
the destinies of our state you who preside in
the legislative assembly of a free people; a peo
ple who are not the most enlightened in the
world, but a people who desire to be so. To you
, do we look from the west, as having the best in
terest of each individual at heart, to grant a
charter for establishing another seat of learning
in our state ; to you do we look, and that with
confidence, too, tp cherish this spirit of enter-
reprize that is going on in the mental world. It is
from principles of economy, and not from parsi
monious principles that .we wish to establish a
--CoHegein the-west I That section of country is
leruic, ana, aoounos wun provisions, at as cneap
a rate as cn be ared..tn;any:part.6tthe. stale ;
-theustomyaoV'manners-of-the inhabitants are
plain, simple, and unassuming ; -all which plead
ppwrfuIn,'faTpr', of it. Let not local preju
dice ever he brought orV the carpet when an ap
plication, of thb kind comes before you one of
such high importance to so respectable a portion
of North-Carolina j and an application which, if
properly - attended to will rake a monument of
praise to the honor, the dignity, the patriotism,
hand the liberal mindedness of the legislative coun
cils df North-Carolina, to the latest generations.
Cubarrut CountyjMv. 11, 1820.
The grand juries of Caswell and Rocking
ham, at the late-superior ' courts iiUhose coun
ties, presented as a grievance the unequal rep
resentation of the popple fiLthis state in the
gceVarAssembl v. itilresUmable that the
juries havp faithfully represented the opinions
of the people of their respective counties ;
and this indication of the public feeling on the
Subject, addjd to the many others that have
appeared within the last twelve months, leaves
little room to doubt that u majority of the free?
' . . ..... i .
amendment of our constitution. The people
look to the legislature for authority to pro
ceed. There can be no question, however,
uiai a iigui ui i upon me suojeci,-wunout
the intervention of a legislative lanctlon, re
sidea in the people, -. This is one of the rights,
01 wmcn, unaer a iree government, tnc peo
ple cannot be divcited. 13ut the tame intel
ligence and correct judgment, by which they
acquire a full knowledge ofthcjwroniys which
they suflViVwill direct them'lhthFielecWnjo'f
means to be employed in obtaining redress
A legislative body, of liberal views and sound
republican, principles, would not hesitate, un
der present circumstances, to submit the ques
Uon to the people of the state. Though the
members ot the legislature mav again deny
that a convention is called fof by a majority
of our citizens, and again refuse their assent
to a measure which would ascertain the pub
lic will j yet the friends of liberty may look
forward with confidence to a period, and that
not far distant, when the voice of the people
will be too. distinctly heard to be misunder
stood or disregardecWflyrttrwVr Gazette.
AREAS OF THE STATES.
raox'na rtatiAi Btrraura.
Mr. Edet : In the Federal Republican of
yesterday you give, from the Boston Gazette,
a table shewing the number of square miles
in seventeen of the United States. The Bus
ton editor having furnished so much, con
cludes by the assertion, that the tquare miles
of the remaining states not ascertained.
This is to be taken, I hope, as the measure
of his own attainments. But, sir, it does not
follow, because the Boston editor can go no
further, that the square miles of the states
omitted in the table have not been ascertained.
I venture the assertion, that they are more
certainly ascertained, and more generally
known, than the square miles of the slates
given, excepting, perhaps, Ohio. Such tables
are all very interesting, when accurately cal
culated ; and it is to be regretted, that editors
uo not more frequently puousn, ior me lnior
raation of their readers, those which relate to
the dimension! and population of the different
states and territories. I take the liberty of
completing the table of square miles, which
you are at liberty to use or not, according to
your own discretion. It may not be unwor
thy of remark, that from so much as you have
already published, it appears that the state of
Maine is larger than all the New-England
states together. Many other interesting facts
will be found on an inspection of the following-table:
tvimi mm or thi itatis.
Alabama, ' .. " '
Missouri, , . .
Middle States, 1
- MISSOURI QUESTION IN IIAYTL V
A letter received by Mr. Lyford, of Nor-
I folk, fronvrejipecale. commercial house at
rort-au-Frmce dated the 1st mst. says "I
enclose you papers up to the 29th October.
The even here m)l be .found inter
esting. At the same, time, I must mention
to you, that it is expected this Government
will, in the. course ofcuthe next year adopt
measures that will have a tendency to curtail
American, commerce that is, to prevent ves
sels from coming to this island from any state
or place where negroes and people of color are
, At PhiWclpUa, the narr y'anl eontalwi 1 1 acrei to low
water mirk and cort 37,000 dollars.
. At Waihinpton, the navy yard is iltuntrtVmj the eait.
ern bram h if the rivet Potomack, contain! 37 acrt. and
cott 4000 donafC-Hr" " """""" "V " ""
At tlosport, the nary yard contains 16 acres, and cost
12,000 dollars. )
Itcaidci the above, the United States own tlte following
property.,.. .. ....
Crorcr'i lalaml, in the 8tate of Georgia, ettimitr.J to
contain from 300 to 350 acres, purchased Dec. 19, 1739,
fur 7,500 dollar.
"ftlackbcard Wand, In the nmerStatcrtontalns' lbotit
ICOQ aerrjs purchased Iay 24, 18Q0, fax. lJ,auadolUrs.
Jlcaidrt 78 lota of groupd, utiutcd in the precinctf of
Nevh-lcana. estimated to be worth 3C9.0U0 dotLn
and aome other property at Sacket'a Harbour-'l here
are near 20 Nary Agents employed by government.
ALKXAVnaiAv D. C. NOV. 23.
Arrived yesterday, in this town, at the ntore of
Messrs. Gibson It Lupton, Xing street the Wag
gon and Team of Robert W. Hamilton, Esq.
from Hamilton Mills) near Winchester Va. with
a loud otf ftu-Jive barrels of flour, weighing ele
ven thousand . tight hundred and set eniu-nint
fioundt.' The team is composed of six horses ;
a. i if att. t f.i?.
ana tne distance wnicn tney cirew mis av.onumng
load rig hi y miles. The Weight of the waggon as
certained at the hay scalet,is 23 1 4 pounds which,
added to that of the flour, makes the sum total
14,793, a weight of upwards of 2,460 pounds to
Singular as the fact, is, it was discovered by
many of iffe citllens'of our town, that the horses
so far from being wearied, on several occasions,
absolutely trotted through the ttrectt.
The length of the wageon Is twenty-six feet
eight inches, and made by George Bosteyon of
Winchester: tor strength and woikmansnip it is
perhaps equal to any thing of the kind ever con
structed in the state of Virginia.
Mr. Hamilton the proprietor of this extraor
dinary team and load we conceive is entitled to
much credit. His indefatigable attention to the
improvement of his horses, is amply evinced, by
this amazing evidence of their strength. It will,
no doubt, be recollected that this team ancended
the Blue Mdfr, and crossed the Shenandoah river
both of which are esteemed difficult and danger
ous parts of the road Alexandrian.
Yesterday afternoon Mr. Guille gratified the
rjiizens of Philadelphia with a vciy splendid ex
hibition. At three o'clock he ascended from
Vaux hall Garden, in the presence of many thou
sand spectators, in a car attached to his balloon.
Board for the management thereof, which w a4
referred to a committee nf the whole ,a:;d made
not vet ban taken up. Y
Mr. Locke, from the Judiciary toinnw
tee, to whom was referred the billtoalttt ihc
modof payingXIerksln certain casesj : made
an unfavorable repeft, and the bill was reject
ed. . ,
" Mr.L slit made a report -ojitlia Uvaolu- -
uon reterrcd to thr tanjeneorumltteeT f o' en
quire into the eipedicncy of -repealing the
law of 1 600, requiring all gifts of Slaves.t.i
oe in v
wnue tne uauoon was nsine he repcateuiy wa- ,.Tn.j;.nrvAf ,m(.nr. , oir.
ved his hat and flae. After he had risen to the ri.r . . ?. . V,
ntiug, stating it to-be the oninion of
the committee that it was inexpedient to al
ter the law on this subject, which was concur
Monday, Dr.c. 4. On motion of Ir.
Leonard, the Judiciary Committee were in
structed to enquire into the expediency of
passing a law to prevent persons from dispos
ing of their property clandestinely. 7
Mr. Locke,frora the Judiciary Committee,
made a rrport on a petition from Haywood
county, praying a repeal of the Supreme Court
system j and on a Resolution instructing the
Committee to enquire into the expediency of
reducing the salary of the Judges of said
Court to S2000, concluding with the following
Iietblvtd, That tht prayer of the said petition be not
allowed j and that it i Inexpedient to reduce- the salary
of the Judges of the Suprema Court. -
A division of the question being called for,
the first part was agreed to without a division.
The last part was carried 34 to 23.
Mr. L. from the same committee, also made
a favorable report on two Resolutions instruct
ing said committee to enquire into the expe
diency of dividing the State into two addi
tional circuits, and allowing the Judges 8100
for every Court they attend, which being read,
was made the order of the day for Wednes
day. Tuesday, dec. 5. On motion of Mr. Sho
ber, the Judiciary committee were instructed
to enquire into the expediency of modifying
the Acts touching the trial of slaves in cap
ital cases, as far as relates to the qualification
On motion of Mr. S. also, the Committee
of Finance were instructed to enquire into the
Navy-Tardx. There are six' Navy-Yards occupied by
the United States, viz. . . 7
At Portsmouth, the navy yard contains 58 acres, and
cost 5,500 dollars. . , , - . .
At Charleston, the navy yard contains 34 acres, exclu
sive of extensive flats, and cost 39,214 dollars!
I. ttV'.i.ltV.L tbkii'lirihl!li:ti.l,tJ'n t T. lr.,J I
proper elevation he disengaged the parachute to
which had been connected a basket, containing a
live monkey, which gradually and safely descend
ed to the earth.
The balloon then rose to a greater height, and,
remaining thus elevated for tome minutes, Mr.
Guille opened the valve of the balloon, and de
scended in Mantua village, on the west side of the
Schuylkill, without sustaining any injury. A large
concourse of people anxious for his welfare, fol
lowed him to the place of his descent,, and had the
pleasure of witnessing his safe return to the Gar
den from which he had ascended.
IN SEMITE Thvhsiut, Nov. 30.
Mr. Riddick presented a bill requiring the
Banks to pay specie for their. Notes by the 1st
of July next on failure to do so, to forfeit
25 per cent, on the amount so refused.
Mr. Holt introduced a resolution directing
the Judiciary Committee to enquire into the
expediency of reducing the salary of the Su
preme Court Judges to two thousand dollars ;
and that the committee bennstructed to en-qiure-into-the-expediency-of-Iaying-off-two
more Judicial circuitsand also to enquire
into the expediency of allowing each Judge of
the Superior Courts the sum of one hundred
dollars for each Court they atieud. Agrded
Friday, dec 1. Mr. Raiborn presented
the petition .of, 5.undcj'. .persons .of Hay wood
relative to the. Supreme Court.., Requesting
the reduction of their salaries. Referred.
vMr7 Adams introduced the following reso
lution : ,
Whereas Thomas Person, a member in this House, who
denies the being of a Cod and tie truth of the Protestant
Religion and the divine authority of the Old and New
Testament, and holds principles'incompatible with the
safety of the State, Resolved, that the seat 'of the said
Thomas Person, Senator from Granville, be vacated. Uc
ferred. - ,'" - :r'" ' '?.;
The committee afterwards reported that
there' was no foundation for the above charge,
and Mr. Adams, we understand, made an
apology to Mr. iPerson, by a friend, for hav
ing introduced it.
Saturday, dec. 2. Mr.'Hogan introdu
ced a bill to repeal an act creating a fund for
cerning Ordinaries, in such way as to author
ize the Clerks to pay over the tax on licenses
to the Sheriff of the county, who shall account
therefor iwith the Treasurer.
Mr. Locke, from the Judiciary committee,
to whom was referred a bill prescribing the
manner in vhich property shall hereafter be
sold under execution, br other final process,
reported that it was inexpedient to pass the
bill; which Report was reversed 30 votes -to5.
The bill was then referred to a select com
mittee, consisting of Messrs. Welborn, L. D.
Wilson, Phelps, Spaight of Craven, and Sho
ber. Mr. L, from the same committee, recom
mended that the bill to amend an act passed in
1817, concerning promissory notes and other
negotiable instruments, be passed without
, Mr. L. from the same committee, to whom
it was referred to enquire into the expedien
cy of extending the benefit of the acts of TT56
anrf 1 TCt(X rnmmnnlr ih JisaL rlfUt
to Guardians of persons who . become non
compos mentis, reported a bill to amend an
book debts, passed m the year 1756, which
passed its first readiug; T
Wednesday, dec. i 6; Mr. Connor pre
sented, the petition of sundry inhabitants in
the western part of this Statepraying a char
ter for a College on the west side of the Yad
kin ; which,. being.rcaxL, was j-eferred to the
following- committee, viz : 'Messrs; ' Conner
Locke. Saird; Williams and Martin. ,
Mr. Welborn presented a petition from
sundr)' inhabitants in Wilkes couhtypraying
tliat Justices of , the i?cace may be compelled
to perform Militia duty.
The Senate took tip the Report of the Ju
diciarv Committee, recommending the divis
ion of the State into two additional Judicial
Circuits, and allowing a salary of gl 800 tobe -
paid half yearly. -
The Resolution being susceptible of divis-
ort mak ing two additional Circuits, and ap -
nointtnc two auciiuonai Juaccs. anu was nc
ativea us votes-to. zu.
vote was then ; taken on the last part ti f