'riirr.tnw, rirc. 7. On incti n cf Mr. B.
I'civn. a M'fcf.l comin'iMtr was uppoinictl, con
ri.ti:i:;of Mchsii. U. I'crvjn, Sho'ier, Singleton.
Glissnn ut)'l Atklru'.n, to enquire Into the expc
el'uncy of p.i.thg u cUblihing llic dully p,)
of the members, cLjIh and (!xj keepers asul llul
, usi'l tommitttc report by bill. ,
Mr. Owen, ' fi'iiiu'thu committee on iliit-pwi
t,f thc.G ivcrnor'a message rciathe o iie Cir
culating Mnlt'iin of tbe State, reported UliiUnu
thorning and dlrtcting the Tirasurcrof the State
to issue Ticasur Notc uhlch being read, was
r -rcfrn ctl Jo'comnHtUcconMrtiVjofCrt'ri.
Calloway- Owen, Caldwell, Glisaon and Baker. -
- ; iirivfiR or coimii.s n,r, i.
' - Mrr tt;.rilnger, frOniUc balloting committee
f'ir a Secretary of Sutc reported that William
Hill m duly elected
A .meme from the Senate., proved to bal
lot to-morrow for six conimUsioncrs t6 compose
the Bond of Public Improvement for the ensu
ing year, nominating for the Edentpn district, J.
II."-' Baker for i 1 1 ' Ketrbefn t district." l)ranl
Hitch;- for' the Wilmington district," Alfred
Moore; for the HilUhorough district, A. !)
M.urphey ; for the Kaleigh district! John D. I law.
kins ; for the Morgan district) Charles I). Con
nor. The message was concurred with ; but the
bjlloting wu hftcrwurds postponed by unother
message from the Senate.
Mr. J. K. M'Dowell introduced the following
frw W. 11mt Jm .f. Hill, the aitting member from
tV conntv of Franklin, bcinr at th'm time nmnewed of
no freehold estate, is r(iiti(iiiionntlv iiwlliirilfle to a teat
in this liuusr, and that thrrrft.r bis tent be vacated.
Referred to the committee of elections.
Tuiday, Dee. 5. Mr. Cameron presented the
::nnual report or the adjutant-gene ml of the state;
from which it appears that we have 48,223 infant
rv militia, and 1,620 cavalry. Referred to the
On motion of Mr. Dcbcrry, the judiciary com
mince were instructed to inquire into the expe
ilie-iicy ..of passing requiring the several
ounty courts to appoint a master commissioner
in each county to settle the ac counts of adminis
trators and executors, and that the proof of the
nuchers before a master commissioner be re
cived us prima facta evidence of their justness,
i.nd report by bill or otherwise.
The following bills were introduced :
By Mr. Alston) a bill for suspending execu
tion h in certain cases... .where notes of any of
the banks of this stale shall have been tendered
and refused ; and,
13 y Mr. J. I). Jones, a bill to amend an act
passed in 1.816, to compel retailers of spirituous
li'juors by the small measure, to take out licenses
lioni the county courts.
Mr. Dawson, from the committee to whom
was referred the bill making the purchase of bills,
hands, or notes, usury, reported the bill without
amendment ; and
Mr. Hampton, from the committee to whom
was icferrcd the bill for the division of Rowan
county, reported the bill without amendment.
Both bills passed (heir first reading.
Wednesday, Dec. 6 Mr. Mcbane reported a.
bill to provide a revenue for the payment of the
civil lit and contingent charges of government
for the year 1 82 1 .
A message was received from the Governor,
recommending to the Legislature to authorise
the Treasurer to advance money from the Trea
sury in anticipation on the notes received for the
public land sold at the seat of government, paya
bte at'tone, two and three years j in order that the
repairs of the State-House may be finished in
the course of thcjn.suing..year. .and that the dis
count now paid to the hanks may be saved.
' The bill for the division of Rowan county be
ing under consideration on its sccoud reading, -
Mr. Spencer moved that this bill be indefi
nitely iwstponcd. On this question the house
was equally divided, and the Speaker voting in
the negative, the question was lost.
Mr. I. W. Blacfcledger then moved that the
bill lie on the table. 1 he house was again equal
ly divided, and the Speaker Voting as before, the
question was not carried."
The bill was then put upon its passage, and it
passed by the cabling vote'of the Speaker.
Tburnday, Dec. 7. Mr. Martin presented a
bill to prevent oppressions at sales under exe
cuuon. v-' ..: ., , . .
v o refections, to whom was referred the resolution
one of the members from Franklin, reported in
favor of the bitting member retaining his seat;
rtT'ich report was concurred with.
Oh motion cf Mr. Welch, the committee on
internal improvement was instructed to inquire
: Lt ..... . .. .
jiuu ujc? expediency, oi amnpusing tne coumy
' court ot Haywood to receive proposals for clear
'. ing Q-ut a turnnikej-oadt from the Smokv-inoun
tain, up the west fork of Lit tie Pigeon River to
the top of said
" ' seend the !wes
tnence down trie same o the .nearest and best
route to the wafBr
as to intersect the rfird leading from - Waynes
ville to the state of; Georgia, authorised at the
last session. v f
Mr. J., 1). Jones', frm the committee appoint
ed on the subject of the insolvent' laws, reported
tnat they required amendment, which was con
curred withj and the same committee was in
sirucieu lo repoii a oiu on tne suoject.
. The frigate on the tocks at the Navv-Yard
Washington c it v, it is cxpehed will be ready
lorus destined element oe tore the tcwnmationo
ihn .;... 4"...,.. l.ir- "r'ft..:.
k3 IV. '4i-T-"
.V 8M.tr K.
..Faifitr, rv. t.
HANK Or TUP. I'M IT!! HTATF.H.
Mr. Uobt-rtt presented' the rncinor'ul of the
Hank of the United Slates', which, afirr mine hi
trodnrtnry matter, conclude by sti'mi'iitim the
following points, on whuh they ask relict and
protection from Congress r
-M IitrThe charter'pi ovidc that,ina Hlrof tr,
except the riendcnt, shall lt eligible lor more
than three years in four. Thh provWWm has, in
practice, leen found to deny lo the Hnnk the ser
vices or those men who are best qiiliiivd lo ad
minister it affairs with safety and profit to the in
slitmlon. It it a provision Tot contined. your
petitioners believe, in the charter nf any respect
uble banking institution. It was not contained in
the charter of the former Hank of the United
States, and it would ft cm that the pcoiUioApC.be
charter which forbids the re-elect ion of more than
three-fourths of the Directors in office "lit the
time of an annual election (to which ycur peti
tioners have-no objection,) 1TalcliUted Xo e ITcct
all the ends of the embarrassing provision from
which your petitioners now crave relief.
u2d. At present there isno authoiity under
trie laws of Congress fo punUh any fraud, pecula
tion, or violation of trust, committed by any of
the officers of the bank or its ouiccs, and on this
point the state laws are alno supposed to be defi
cient. Nor is there any adequate civil remedy
for the bank against its faithless agents who may,
. . - e . i j i r i l -
the hour oe lore ineir aismissai iromomrc, nunc
the investigations necessary to their removal in
dicate to them that result, take the proper
ty of the bank from its vaults, and withhold it,
spend it, and, if they please, give it in payment
to their other creditors, in exclusion ofthc bank
from which it has been thus purloined.
3d. Under the charier, it has been doubted
whether the bank has power to authorize the is
suing of notes not signed by (he President and
countersigned by the Cashier. The labor and
the time necessary to sign notes for the bank and
all its branches, arc much greater than either of
those officers can bestow upon that object, and
hence the bank has been unable to put in circu
lation a sufficient amount of notes of the smaller
denominations, which the public most want, and
which are best calculated to serve the interest of
the bank. If authority were given to the Board,
from time to time, to appoint one or more per
sons to sign notes of the smaller denominations,
at the parent bank, under the superintendence
and direction of the Board and its principal offi
cers, there would be no public risk, and it would
afford all the aid which your petitioners desire on
" 4th. Under the 14th section of the act in
corporating the Bank, the. bills or notes pf the
Bank originally made payable, or shall have be
come payable, on demand, are made receivable
in all payments to the United States, unless oth
erwise directed by act of Congress. Under this
regulation, the power of the Bank to make its
capital available, either for its own profit or the
public good, is greatly abridged. The sphere of
its circulation is limited to those places where it
is least wanted, and made to exclude those where
it would be eminently useful, while the whole
currency of vast sections of the country is thereby
frequently greatly embarrassed.
The memorial was read and referred to the
committee on finance.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
FtttOAYy DEC. 1.
Missouri Expedition Mr. Corr,of Ten
nessee, rose to present a proposition to the House
When looking into the expenditures of last year,
he said he found the account of Col. James John
son, for transportation furnished the expedition
urucrcn up me Missouri uiver. i he gross a
mount of it, said Mr. C. is 256,818 )5. Sev
cral items in this account require at least exnla
nauon. l nnd tne sum ot K333 37 ner dav. for
forty days, charged for the detention ot steam boat
i;.;' .. .
cxpcimion, amounting in the w hole to 1513,333
In addition to this, S200. per day, for thir
ty-su days, is claimed for the detention of steam
boat Johnson, amounting to the sum of g7,200.
1 he sum charged for detention alone of those
tuaboats for less than one month and 3 half, is
2033 334 - He called the attent on hf ihe
House, also, to some other items in this account
It appearedTne said, that three hundred officers
and soldiers procured a passage, on board Col
Johnson's boats, fronv Belle Fontaine to Counci
Bluffs, about four hundred miles, at 50 dollars
each, making the sum of Si 5,000 for oassace
alone. The sum demanded by Col. Johnson for
detention of boats and passag of three hundred
men employed on this expedition, is 835,533,331.
tachment found their way to Council Bluffs, said that Col. J. may have thoui
on terms equally advantageous to the public.
n.9.lIa.,dmallt & Co. contracted and furnish
ed transportation .to the Council Blurts for ne
sum or &5 50 per hundred pounds. Col. John
son charges, for transportation to the same place,
$!6 25 Pr hundred pounds, almost three times
the amount paid Knox, Haldiman, fee Cofor sim
ilar services. I am informed those charges have
keen allowed, and the account liquidated and
PJJ M"ust the iii formation is" erroneous. Per
mk n-c-toask, was not Col. Johnson cprftractor
10 furnish supplies as .well as transportation ?
Why, then, the delayi Why pay a large'amount
for detention ! This, Mr. C. said, is the ex life-
' on ion me .rrcsiueni nimseii t ak
;rc3t tcp 'ni!-ii'j' to rnttirc ii. Tl.is i the x
pct.itiois that was to protect the frontier and fill
trade, acquire fr the Uni'rd States laving influ
ence ever the savages of Missouri, rai.e corn in
in miner, improve navigation In winter, and reult
in sainj5 to government, in four ) eai s, the sum of
5 H,4R3 84. The estimated tost for transport
lion of this ftvoriie project, a rcjred to Con
grcss t tho last session, w I62,9y4 doll. The
sum clJined by Col. Johnson, and, he was toM.
actnutly j.aid,uS'3MI lS.. To ascertain with
certainty the amount actually paid for transporta
tion und detention of Uwts on the Missouri ex
pedition, and the reasons why it was paid, he of
fered the following5 resolution t .
' (WiwV That the SccM.iry of War be d'trrdrd to
roniintiiaVhte to' U.ilIoiVfw wfiafsnihs iitmomf have
b n actually paid to (Lionel Jainfi Jolton, on aecHint
of tranjortatioii furn'uthed the eiK,ritin onlcrtd up the
MUs'Min river i aiwl alto what mms have been paid him
fjr dctcntbn of Steam-boats or other hicidnital charjfc 1
whether any dinVrcm'tJ f opinion exited Utwten the
Ucpartmcnt 1 War ami awid Colonel J. Johwm, rUtiyt
to the value of tninhporution or other charge exhibit
j:d by Jam againiijjic J-'luttd, &lm if :.iliflercnces
esiatctk Imw were tlwy aliitcd 1 M by rdcrtwr. who
were the rt-fervc ; what u their award, and what evi
dence v aa subiniUed lojhcm, oijt H.hiclithty fwruicd their
Mr. Trimlleot Kentucky, said he did not pro
fess to know any thing on the subject of this re
solve but what he was about' to state. The ac
count first preferred by Col. 'James Johnson, he
had understood, had been thought loo high. Some
discussion on that point took place lctwccn him
und the Secretary of War, and he Militarized his
friend and brother to assent to a reference of the
points in dispute to arbitrators, to be chosen, one
by each party, "the third by those two. Three
arbitrators were accordingly chosen gentlemen
of the first standing and of the highest respecta
bility, who passed upon the accounts. They re
duced very considerably the amount claimed by
Mr. Johnson, and the amount paid to him was the
amount awarded in his favor by the referees.
Thus much he had heard, and, as impression ad
verse to him might be drawn from the gentleman's
remarks, though not intended by him, Mr.T. sid
he had thought it ptopcr to say thus much in be
half of Col. Johnson, who had ever been believed
to be an honest man.
Mr. Cocke said, it was far from him to ques
tion the honesty of any man whatever, in what he
had said. He disclaimed any such intention.
But it seemed extraordinary to him how the al-
owance referred to had been made, without the
authority of Congress. On looking into Col.
Johnson's contract, he did not find that any pro
ision was nude for allowance for the detention of
steam boats, tie had understood, too, that Col.
James Johnson was a contractor not only for trans
portation, but for supplies of provisions. If this
were true, Mr. C. said, he should like to know how
it did happen that the boats were detained, and
whether it was in consequence. of the neglect ot
Col. Johnson to furnish the provisions in-proper
time. Not being included in the contract, appli
cation ought to have been made to this House to
authorize: the allowance which has been made to
Col. J. without its authority. M. C. said he should
make no observations with regard to this arbitra
tion which was spoken of. If the matter bad been
referred to these exalted arbitrations, let the
House know it. Why refuse the information
which it was desirable to acquire in relation to it
I he resolution, he said, was predicated on ac
counts transmitted to Congress at the last session,
and he did not see why there should be any wish
on the part of the gentleman from- Kentucky to
oppose its adoption.
Mr. Loivndet remarked, that the gentleman
from Tennessee inustJiavemistakcxi the gentle
man from Kentucky, if he supposed there was,
on his part, or on that of any other member, any
objection to the object of this resolution, calling
tor mlormation. 1 nere could be no objection to it
But, Mr. L. said, he submitted it lo the House
and to the gentleman from Tennesse, whether
in calling for information on any subject, iVwus
proper to accompany that call with animadvert
sions on the conduct of tho-se, whose conduct
could-oiily be properly judged when the informa
tion itself was before them: Mr. L. added anot her
remark or two of the same tone as the proceed
ing, which were not distinctly heard by the re
porter. On motion of Mr.' J?icAi with the consent of
Mr. Cocke 1 the resolution was amended so as to
require an 1 acconnt also of the tfttf of the deters
tion of the Steam Boats.
l&tTrimble rpsfr to say,- that! Hrtlid not intend
to object to any. information which might be
sought for by the gentleman from Tennessee;, or
any other member of the House. It was not his
habit to do so ; and it was not his disposition to
do so on the present occasion. On the contrary,
he said he was sure the inquiry would meet with
the approbation of even Colonel James Johnson,
could his wishes be consulted. Without knowing
a;ht it quite likely
may have thought that he, and not the
GovtrnmentV had a rigbitb c
per in which his accounts were, liquidated,. Mr.
-sain ne siiouui iiotnaveopenea nis lips on this
H.ahHb'ltV. (N. C) TUESDAY, WXc 19, 1820.
TO t-ftBaKHrOVDRVT. . .
Aaicrs" halt have a place in our next. .
4I.Ba4TiswUinadmiiis'tble. llii personalities are to!
glaring 1 and we should be sorry, Indeed, If we btfitvr,
he entciUincd a serious thought of our pubHahing them;
wai rttrlwil, and that we declined publishing it, not from
tho want of an inclination to gratify Ilxn, bat from aeon-
es yery great in-
suoject, had he not thought that the statement
made by the gentleman frbm Tennessee might
though he was sure the gentleman could not pos
sibly intend it give a color to an imputation on
the character ol CoUohnsnn.
Mr. Cocke rejoined ijxa few words more, in the
course of which he said he was sorry that any een-
tleman"houd suppose that he wished to cast an
ttnt..ii.iii ... "-i J" a.
iiiijuiuuii uu unyjiiwi. ic was'uot o nc saiu;
he wisllcd to ascertain what were .the facts in the
casfr refer-red to, without any personal views or
. ."J v . "u? iHvll',-Wit'i y v
In a short article 011 Mlhe first page jofjwrpa- ,
per, on the tuhject of- CwrMTiowi extracted
from the I'mieUevlltc Gazette, the editors remark :
"Thete can lie no question; however thai a right
to act on the subject, without the intervention of
legislative sanction, resides in the people."
This is correct doctrine, .and. is coming to
the point at once. It harmonizes exactly with
the principles of our revolution, and will rcceivo
the hearty assent of every honest, candid mind,
of every sincere filcnd to equal rijhti and popu
lar government. - 'vtr-.;V- 1
TUeictitc ore the only true source of it'iiti-
mate fiovcrj and with them remains the power
to alter or abolish the governments they them
selves have established. The people formed our
present constitution ; their obedience to it is only
conventional, or by choice; and when they sec
proper, they have an inherent, unalienable right.
to new model it, or throw it entirely aside, anil
adopt a new one in its stead. These wp con
ceive to bo incontrovertible facts, the truth of
which rests on the broad and solid foundation ot
the rights of man.
The people of the West will wait, till even the
East shall acknowledge they can wait no longer,
without forfeiting every claim to dignity and in
dependence of soul, for the " leg'ulathe iac
tion" to a convention ; and then they will give a
greater sanction than that of the legislature, to
the call of a convention, the sanction of their
own will. Let the East, then, pursue that course
which duty, and honor, and political honesty
point out to be the right one, and call a conven
tion, and all ttIII be well : But ler them pursued
a contrary one, i. e. the same they have hereto
fore, and all will be as .well. ..."fIIZ!Iii3-77.
Art. hi T1uitaiehnlorchnUihallbetttabUKedbi
tfu Igi!atMtrt fr the convenient inttrvctir-n jftttb, with
inch talariei lo the mater$, paid by the public, at may ena
ble thrm to inttruct at lev pricet ; and, aU utrftd teaming
tfuitl be duly encouraged and promoted, in one or more mi
veroitieo. Constitution of North-Carolina.
Hie franiers of our constitution, in penning the abovr,
undoubtedly had principally in .view the .cstabfishment
and support of primary or elenwRtary schools. The ad
vantages of a collegiate education ' can" be "enjoyed by
only a few, comparatively speaking: Academics disperse
their blessings more widely :Butit is ramtsra ka.o only:
which extend their beneficial influences into every nook
and comer of die land, and chase the mists of ignorance
from ever)' mind.
Hie reasons which might be urged in favor of comnW
schools are as weighty as the cultivation of the moral and
intellectual faculties is important ! they lire drawn from
every motive u liicli is worthy to actuate the human soul,
are intertwined with all the nobJe and generous feelings
wliicli dignify humanity, with all the enjoyments which
smoolli llie rugged path of life, 'and with aU the hope
that brighten its close.
Relinquishing, for the present, the many motives which
might be urged on us, as incmbew of society, in the wel
fare of which wc are deeply interested r od as the friend
of good morals, on which the very Existence of society
depends,; that js, of society ; which is
than solitudeswe "will barely mention one consideration,
M'tuchtnusLcarrviaimcdlato conviction to th mind of th
importance of elementary schools, viz t Ignorance U tr
tally incompatible with liberty IS, then, wc pride our
selves as Americans, as friends to libertyand, of course;
to the republican form of government aindcr which wc
live, here is a motive sufficient of, itelr,to call forth all
our exertions in favor of common scbovf-i, and to uttered
all Xfnr better feelings in their success'
Colleges cannot flouriah without .tflierud of Academies;
well regulated Academies are in theirturn dependanr
primary pt common schooU tand Aeirtueuid .mqrJ.ty
of the people, the happiness ofsoaety, and the perj)i'
tuity of our free institutions, 'depend prhnarily on' th
latter. The great majority of the people cannot enjoy
the advantages of an academici' nuch less of a collegia'
education. Their, minds' -.jhust receive their first, ami.
therefore, most lasting imnressions, their habits the r
bias, in. some ' other institutiofts, if in any, bes52e the
above. The'foundation of k virtuous or vicious life
laid in childhood t thebractet then receives its stamp ;
the man is then ''bejjjei&n miniature.. If childhood, thn,
be passed Injgiiorance f if the plastic hamUf educatio.u
do not at that period give the character jts form; f
passions be not then curbed and a right direction give ") .
adofiflnh I ihm i mv 2(: A tti. imia a comnlicatSoil "
m. . . a a. - . - . . . ' '