North Carolina Newspapers

s. V
riPI-isiiKD nv Knintn u uinciiam.
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No advertisement inserted until it has been paid for,
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' CjAH letter to the editors must be fHnt-pui!, or they
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mri:.XTii losiiatut uruu ttiov
-V SEX.ITE. TMcasasi, c. 7.
The President communicated to the Senate
a report of the Secretary of the Treasury,
made in pursuance of a resolution of the Sen
ate of the 3d of April last, stating the ex
igences of holding Indian conferences and
making treaties, the expences of Indian trade,
Sec. he from the declaration of Indepen
dence. The President also laid before the Senate
a detailed report of the Secretary of War, of
the amount of Indian annuities, Sec. rendered
in obedience to a resolution of the Senate of
- thel9th'Aprinast. " """""
Both reports were read and ordered to be
,. printed.
The Senate then resumed the considera
tion of the resolution for the admission of
Missouri into the Union; the question being
on the following proviso, offered yesterday by
Mr. Eaton :
iStiifcrf, That nothing herein contained sliall be so
construed as to give the assent of Conjrrcas to any pro.
vision in the constitution of Missouri, if any such there
be, which contravenes that clause in the constitution of
the United States which declares that M the citizens of
each state sliall be entitled to all pririleges and immuni
ties of citizens in the several states."
'MrrtHliori, of New Jersey, offered the
following substitute, by way of amendment
to the, proposition of Mr. Eaton, which was
lost, only nine voting in its favor.
--TTiat : nothing' herein contained shall be Tons :nied as
giving the assent of Congress to so much of the consti
tution of the state of Missouri making it the duty of the
legislature of said state to pass a law "to prevent free
negroes and mulattoes from coming to, and settling in,
said state, under any pretext wliatsoever," as may be re
pugnant to that provision of the constitution of the Uni
ted States which prescribes that Mtbc citizens of each
tat shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of
citizens of the several states."
Thequcstion was then taken on adopting
Mr. Eaton's proviso, and was decided in the
negative, by yeas aud nays, Yeas 21 Nays
The question being then stated on the res
olution itself, after some debate, it was, on
motion of Mr. Smith, postponed till to-morrow.
decembkr 9. The Senate resumed the
consideration of the resolution declaring the
consent of -Congress t0 the admission of the
state of Missouri. .'
- Mr. Holmes, of Maine, addressed the
-Senate anhouriadda half . .ia jofthe
acceptance of the constitution of the state,
-i u i t:
anu oi us aurnission into uic union.
, . JVIr. Otis, of Massachusetts, took the oth
1 "cr side; and spoke about :n hour
mlVtihlhe state with" the icostitution which
i i t a. r1 ... u H
it nau suomuicu io v"." ca"L v "v1 .... .
Irarioaroll-Virginia presuming that
: some other gentleman might desire to deliver
-.l . : i i
nis sentiments on uic qucauim, wuvcu au uu-
journmcnt ; and
Th& Senate adjourned
dfx ember 11. Mr. Pinkncrj submitted
the following resolution for consideration :
Rrsok'at, That the committee on the Judiciary be in
stmcted to inquire into the expediency of passing a. hw
amending or explaining the judiciary laws in such jnan
nep as to authorize, under, such restrictions as may be
of judicature in a state m which any question has arisen
under the const itiition or laws of the-Union, to the Su
preme Court of the United States; and that the said
i pmmiUee -report by out or otixerwise.jSj 3
The Senate then resumed the consideration
of the resolution declaring the assent of Con
gress to the admission of the state of Missouri
t into the Union.
. Mr. Eatony of Tennessee, said, before the
Senate proceeded to a final vote upon the res
olution, he would ask permission again to
oner the" amendment which had, heretofore
of the proviso being before the Senate, in
committee of the whole, did not prevent it
fromibcing considered. mow that tne resolu
tton was. reported to the Senate. M rv then
oflcreiTthe TjnowTnuKiTJitKnrioidlie
lutjonf l. - - - '
" " PrnUfJ, That nothing herein contained shall be so
cnnxtnied as to give the aiwent of Congn ni to any pjy.
vision in the constitution of MiMiri, if any uch there oc,
which contravenes that claue in the coMtitutjon ofthc
United 8Utei which declares that "tlie citiens of each
stale haU be entiUel to ail privilcgrt and immunities of
citizen in the aevcral state.
Mr. King of New-York, said, as the a
mendment had ulrcady been considered, ?nd
rejected by the Senate, he regretted that it
had been deemed expedient to offer it again.
I object now, said Mr. K. as I have b .'un
done, to this amendment, because it dedans
that, in the"adnission of Missouri, the Swn
ate have not considered, nd do not pronounce
any opinion, concerning the clause of the M -souri
constitution which makes it lh duty of
the legislature thereof to pass laws to exclude
free negroes and mulattoes from coming to,
and settling in, Missouri. This declaration
ought not to be made, because it woukl ex
hibit the Senate in this singulapituation, (if
his construction of the constitution of .Mis
souri were correct,) that, in passing tta act
of admission, the Senate omits to consider
and to alijw its clue weight to the. only pro
vision in that constitution upon which the
obligation to admit, or not admit, Missouri
depends. Mr. K. said he cmsidrrrd this
proposition of much more importance than
the mover of it appeared to do ; and he was
not willing to decide on it instanter at any
Mr. Eaton replied at some length. He
said he certainly would be as unwilling as any
one to press the consideration of wh.t he had
submitted, before gentlemen had fully made
Up their minds and were prepared to vote.
He doubted not, however, but that upon this
subject all were prepared. It would be borne
in mind by the Senate, that this was not an
original proposition, but one that had before
been considered and voted upon. When he
had first the honor of submitting it, the gen
tleman from N. York (Mr. King) had urged
his want of preparation, and on an applica
tion of postponement by himself, the post
ponement had been granted. Under this
state of things, Mr. L. could not perceive
any necessity for further procrastination, more
especially when it seemed to be the wish of
all to put an end, in some way, to this un
pleasant question. Mr. E. said, as to the
constitutionality of the subject, however oth-
was oppose to the proviso be therefore
proposed this mode of getting rid ' it.
. The question on re-committing the resolu
uon waa decided in-lhe negative by yeusjoid
hay s V eas "1 rNiy " 1 7
The question was then taken on ordering
the resolution, as amended, to be engrossed
and read a third time, and was decided in the
affirmative by yeas and njys -Yeas '2G,
Nays 18. " ":- " "
When the resolution for the admission of Mis
souri into the Union Was under consideration on
Monday, and after Mr. Harbour had declined en
Rsglngiinhc debate, notj he uldf that he wis
unwilling to meet the question, but wilh a hope
and under the expectation that the question would
be immediately taken
Mr. Trimble, of Ohio, said it was not his wish
to detain the Senate ; that if he had enicruincd
a wish to engage in the discussion, the present
slate of his health was such that he could not ex
press himself so as to be heard by the Senate, nor
could he peuk at all without great pain. He
roue, he said, to slate an objection to the Consti
tution of Missouri, which had not been alluded
to in the debate on this resolution n objection
of more force, and in his view, involving princi
ples more important to the interests of the na
tion, than the provision which had been so much
discussed. The 8th article of the constitution of
Missouri authorizes the establishment of a bank
with, a-capilal nbt to exceed five millions of dol
lars, at tt att one half J which thall be reierved fur
the uic of the ttate. Mr. T. said he considered
this provision a direct and palpable violation of
that part of the I Oth section of the federal con
stitution which provides that 44 no state shall coin
money, emit bills of credit, orj make any thiniy
but gold and bilver coin a lender in payment of
debts." This important provision of the federal
constitution, said Mr. T. was intended to guard
against evils which might embarrass the federal
government, and prove destructive to the test
interests of the people of the U. States. An im
material change in the form did not change the
su'jstante. Whether a bill of credit is signed by
an Auditor, a Treasurer, an officer of a State, or
a President of a Hank created for that purpose
the evils are the same. The power to coin mo
ney, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign
coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures,
has been exclusively given to Congress. It was
never contemplated or anticipated, that these im
portant powers should be rendered nugatory by
bank machinery, put in operation entirely by fed
eral or state power. Mr. T. said it was also his
opinion that banks, as established in the United
States, arc ami republican institutions, which
tend inevitably to aristocracy.
Mr. Smith said he would refer the gentleman
to the journals of the last session, to show that
a resolution admitting Alabama into the Union
had passed without opposition, and that the con
stitution of Alabama contained a provision for the
- Mr. Wilson submitted also the following rcio
lutlort i ....
Htioh', That th committee on the Jiiilictiry be iiu.
.. .-j. :...? l -e . i . i
tininco u ni'i'iirr w ncurjr why, an i. i: pnv. w ui unirnu-
er gentlemen might be fully satisfif d, vet with
him, and with others he believed, the fact establishment of a u.nli.
was otherwise. He was not willing either to Tuesday, nr.c. 12.
-iffirm or to deny, that the Constitution of Mr.-Wilson, or NewJersey, submitted the fol
Missouri was in strict conformity to the Con- lowing resolution :
stitution ot the United States; he should j ".. ""'c' r." uc V amendment aualifvint? the assent nf thf H
' Utnu-tcd in inn mre whether unv. aiuL it juiv. w i:it n.-nvi. i nl"ll"t"i, uuailiy mi? inc dSSCni OI tne aa-
have doubts were he to be required aih. ma-1 ,flw art. 1lcceMlty or pri)IK.r to be made bv law to meet ! mission of the new State into the Union by
lively iu voic ciiucr way. uuiui liiis nc uiu i coiuingtncios wiucn may arise imin uiuuw nu, uispuicu,
not pretend to doubt, that, thus situated, thus ! or iMiltful votes, under that part of the 12tl article of
j..k! t. -i.... t... .i l I amendments to the constitution of the United States,
uuuuuiiK, u wo ui9 uuiy w icui w inc m yc ... , t counUnff the votes of lhe Eie..tors ioP
lOt'lX'VlHl?1.1 P'rll? 5c mi le'jo die acU,
entitled "An set relative tnthe t lection jf .s.JfiTJidtuL.-.
nd Ytet.Prcsidcnf oflhe IfDifftd Sutrs, aiid'dccbrinjr '
the officer who shall art as President, in ce of vacancies
In the offices both of I'residcnt and Ice-I'itsUcnt'
pawed Hare!. J, 1792.
Doth resolutions lie on the laWejonejlay of
course "" J t,. ,VAKr,,,v..,..w.',
The Senate having resumed the consl.lpration
of legislative butine. the resolution detlsiir.g
lhe consent of Congress to the admission of the
stale of Missouri into the Union Was resdatldrd
time, and the question staled, u Shall the resolu
tion pass V
The question being then put, the resolution
was passed, and sent to the House of Jicpieitn
tatives for concurrence ; and
The Senate adjourned..
Thursday, dec. 7 Mr. Cobb gave notice
of his intention, so soon as the question now
under consideration in committee of the
whole, should be finally disposed of, to call
for the consideration of his propositions con
templating a retrenchment of the expences of
the government.
The House then resolyed itself into a conv.
mfttee of the whole, Mr. Nelont of Virgin
ia, in the chair, on the resolution declaring
the admission of Missouri into the Union on
an equal footing with the other States of the
Union. And the question having been again
Sergeant rose, and occupied the
floor for two hours, when the house adjour
Monday, dec. 1 1. On motion of Mr. But-
cr,of New Hampshire, it was
Jtetolved, That the committee on the Pot OTice and
Posrt-Roiul. be instructed to inquire into the expdieiw:y
of providing1 by law for prohibiting printers and editors
ot newspaper, and all other persons who are proprietor!
bf.&ny sltch printing cstabliihmcnts, or in any way con
cerned in the publication of newspapers, from being mail
contractors or portmiuters ; and, also, prohibiting pot
muters from being mail contractors, or being employed
in conveyance of the mail.
'On motion of Mr. Baldwin, it was
IteiolvtJ, That the Secretary of State be required to
communicate to this House any information which may
liave been received by that Department, touching any
alterations in the commercial laws or regulations of any
of Uie nations of Europe, which may have been made or
adopted since die year 1817.
The House then resumed the consideration
of Jhcjresolution declaring the admissionof ....
the State orMissouri into the Union.
Mr. Archer, of Virginia, delivered at some
length his views of this subject, and the reasons
why he was in favor of the passage of the res
olution. When he concluded
Mr. of Massachusetts, moved an
i ft a
ot the constitution, and oy his vote to supp -i t
that instrument which he and every member
had sworn to maintain inviolate.- The pro
viso ventured an opinion neither way ; it was
a protestando in the true signification of the
term the exclusion of.a conclusion ; a waiv
er on the. part of Congress to give an opinion
either one way or the other. This being the
object which be wished to attain, he trusted
ther Senate-would excuse hisTigainpressirig
on their consideration, that which had been
before acted and voted upon. Encouraged
by the information that some gentlemen who
had before ..voted agiinst the proviso had
changed their opinions, and were now dispo
sed to vote for it, was with him the induce
ment for again venturing to offer it. Time
had been afforded to think fully on it, and
further delay he thought ougbrntlo"bVre-
qucsieu. . -
The'SertaTevibehvlividHn' the" amend
ment, and there rose in its favor 23 members,
and it was agreed to.
The question then -being on ordering the
resolution to a third reading, as amended,
Mr. Morrily of New Hampshire, rose and
delivered a speech of nearly two hours'
length, against the resolution.
. Mr, Macon followed thjs speech , with a
motion to re-commit thejresolution to the se
lect .committee which"" reported it, with ili-
struc tiprjrs to at t fice out the provho adopted
to-day on the motion of. ISIrrKaton. Mr.
l'rcsiacnt anu ice-i rcsiucm oi iuc Liiiicu amies.
Mr. Wilson said it would be found, on refer
ring to the article of the constitution alluded to
in this resolution, that the provision in relation
to counting the votes for President and Vice
Proident is very general. The words are," the
President of the Senate shall, in presence of the
Senate antf House of Representatives, open all
the certificates, and the votea thall then becoun-
Led!lLis.iiotsaid'Aoshall-counuthe votes,
nor a-Ao, shall decide what votes shall be counted.
Ia consequence of this defect, as. the Senate
would well remember, some difficulty occurred
four years ago, in relation to the votes lrom In
diana Objections were made to rtcciving these
votes ; the counting was interrupted ; the two
Houses separated ; and although on that occasion
they again came together, and proceeded on, and
completed trjc business before them, so happy a
result might not -always be produced. Cases
might oectrr-w here-st ronger doubts-mtght'txist,
or jiiore ex. iteraencpre vail "r- debates be protrac
ted, and decision deferred, and serious inconven
iences or evils follow. Was it not probable such
a case would occur during the present session ?
Would it not at feast be prudent to guard against
danger from such "a contingency ? Congress had
unquestionably the power, under the last clause
of the 8th section of the first article of the con
stitution, and he thought they ought to exercise
it, by vesting the authority to decide upon doubt
ful, disputed, or. unlawful "votes, 'either in the
President of the Senate, the Senate itself, the
Uqube pf Representatives, or in the two Houses,
conjointly or separately. At least, Mr. W.
an exception of a particular clause of the Con
stitution. This motion, however, was with
drawn by Mr. Hill for the present, on the
representation of Mr. Lowndes, that it would
embarrass the main debate, by bringing on an
accidental one. aod would deprive nim of the
opportunity of replying to some objections he
had not anticipated, and to others arising from
a misapprehensiorr-or evasion of his first ar
guments in support of the resolii tion.
Mr. Baldwin then moved to strike out the
rreamldiQ. thc-Resolve.
Mr. Lowndes assigned briefly the reasons
why, on more mature reflection, he should
assent to this course, though he had at first
preferred the other.
The question being taken on striking out
the Preamble, was decided in the affirmative,
87 to 6J
r Mr. IlemphiXU of Pennsylvania, delivered
at considerable length, his sentiments in hos-
ti lity to the- Resolatioirfor theraidmisstdff bf"""'
And the House adjourned.
, " TUESDAY, DEC. 12.
The .Speaker laid be fore the house a letter
from the Comptroller of the Treasury, transmit
ting from the 4th Auditor a list of balances char
ged in that office, and duo more than three ycarg
prior to September ! 82Q i and a i?t of persons,
(only five in number,) who have failed to tender .
their accounts to that office. '
The Speaker also laid before the house a re
port of the Secretary of War of a. plan on ivhich ; ,
uic army may oe reduced to 6000 men ; made
in obedience to a resolution of the house of the

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