North Carolina Newspapers

    mf j, u M'.u-nally dc V"m for tJ c rnntinuatiuii of tlir
:uttwj.l Idcnsmg wc nw m.
5,f, The rut arc of vur government ; line ex.
imsioii of cur territory j fhe rapid Increase of
our population j end, ahove all, and ihe most to
te deplored, ihc state of our churches, the great
1nr-uAliiy in the numlr of Uospel Minuter to
distribute, compared Uh the number of Immor
tal sonls throughout the United States to retctvc,
the bread of life
i'l- ...... ..t iw.i iti tv rt rnitwr In n
J IV liaiMIW -vw-rt ft ' . 1
peculiar degree, above nil other kind of govern
menu' that the minds of the txople be enlight
ened, and their hearts influenced by the power of
religion. It m the peculiar characteristic oi a
republic," thai all power U lodged in the people: whtjjulcjs entirely delec
ted: there is not a freeman in this assembly but
the President of the United States. Surely, then,
there is no need of argument to prove that every
roan honld l'ehdowcd UhrViidwledge and
principle f make a rihl use of It. That civ it
government cannot be supported without rcli
I'ion, haV bcciratknowlcdgcd by mankind in all
azes. When Julian, that noted apostate, had
protratcd religion at hi feet, he called in to his
aid a religion of his ow n contrivance to support
his cause. This, Oiivcr Cromwell employed to
open hi passage to the British throne. During
the late revolution in Trance, Mereirr, an infidel,
aid, " By proscribing religion, we have ruined
our cause." "To what, (said the immortal
Washington,) arc we indebted for truth in our
courts cf justice, but to the awful sanctions of
the Christian religion?" "In vain, (he adds,)
does that man claim the character of a patriot,
who is an open enemy, or even a cold friend, to
that religion which is the glory and prop of his
country. Whatever influence may be conceded
to tome minds of a peculiar Mru lure, let us for
bear the opinion, that national morality can be
snp:oited in the exclusion of religious princi
pics.' When he laid his commission on the ta-
bleof Congress, whal a spirit 'of religion brc'ath
ed in lhat flow of easy, natural eloquence, which
he possessed in a remarkable degree, commit
ting the officers and soldiers whom he led to the
Held, to the care and protection of the Cod of
armies, and the united States to his holy keep
ing. In the fear of (Jod he fought our battles
in the fear of Cod he presided in our councils ;
and during his administration, for eight rears, all
things prospered; leaving to his successors in
that high station, an example that, they should
follow his steps.
Not only the nature of our government, but
also ''2d J the wi : extension of our territory, and
the rapid increase of our population, require the
diffusion of knowledge throughout our borders.
In both these respects, the United Slates have
increased, in the short space of forty years, be
yond all example uny where in history. When
first a nation, three millions now more than ten
millions I Wh n first a nation, thirteen states,
some of which were thinly settled, scattered
along the shores of the Atlantic -now-twenty-!
three stales, extending west far beyond the Mis
&isvippi,and south to the Floridas, opening an im
mense prospect. But the strength of the mate
rials should always be in proportion to the weight
and magnitude of the building. Unless learning
and religion go forih witto our emigrants, or soon
follow ihem, to enlighten their steps and to con
trol their passions, instead of proving a. blessing
to the world they will be a curse. From an ig
norant and unprincipled population, " good Lord
deliver us
3d. And the last plan, the Church of Christ,
lavs in her claim. Now opens the great object
of our Seminary. " The harvest is great, and the
laborers are few." Without public religion
without the administration of the public means
of salvation by an order of men, set apart to that
sacred office, it is impossible to conceive how
"the knowledge of the true God, and of Jesus
Christ; "whom he hath sent," can be diffused or
rontinued among mankind. This is plain from
the conduct of our Lord, in first appointing
twelve, and in addition to them, "twenty other
"disciples, to engage in the work of. the sacrec
ministry ;, and his promise to be with them, anc
their, successors, 44 to the end of the world."
Were ve now to take a particular survey of
tho destitute State of our churches, the rccita
would be nwful, and almost incredible -it would
sky ! We shall view the matter only in the ajr.
grcgate. Allowing the United States of America
to contain ten millions of souls ; allowing a pub
lie teacher to each thousand, it would require ten
thortynd ministers of religion to afford an uni
versal supply. What is the actual number?
About th ree thousand, of all denominations, that
mm in the eye of liberality be considered as
competent ministers of the gospel. Of "course";
there is, at this time, a deficiency of seven thou-
1 1." .L ...... r
ajiki. nuiii mis e.MCJiMve vie,y ot the state ol
the- church ihTWigbt?at tlTt-Unibl let us come trt
the state of our own country, that section in which
we hope to establish a Seminary of Learning, to
, lu-cpurc young men ior pumic stations in UIc
iind especially for the gospel ministry. (
c tuus calculate, not wishing to extend oui
views far to the East, that fifteen-coumies in this
State may unite in ihe design ; to these we wi
take tne nnerty of, adding to the amonnt, five
counties in South-Carolina, whose principles in
religion, and habits in life, ate generally similar
to our own ; say thirty counties in all f say, for
the sake of round numbed, that, each .courity con
tains ten thousand souls tjic -whole number will
iu uniic imi rii .uiuusJllil : ii Hnvintr nUt hi ir
ill. '
tlic real number cT n.irutcrs, f nil dctwininft
tii;tis, In ihU distiht of c ountry I Not more than
fortyit dtfitieney of two hmdicd ind b'uty, in
nflcrn of the Western counties of this Site, in
cluding the addition mentioned from thc&atc ol
South-Carolina But a imall number of these
will, in the scanty tpacc of twentyfive or thirty
years, lc on the stage of time. If, then, no ad
ditiott he nude, we must shortly, in this part ol
the world where we dwtll,be totally destitute.
- - jrq he coxTiKvtn.1 '
........ MTIMf H C'U Wi H Kf,
trrmw Ttiitf jtiMTta
flip S1
roi. r an csciitC on lonf iic d'utilli
On motion of Mr. J"her, it was
.W,vi, 'I'l.ut tlic committee oil the I'ovt-OfTre and
riMt KrtwU be inntnictcd to Inquire into the expediency
of rtitrihlinMnp a pwt. route from tha town of Hali-ihury,
in Nirth-i:Mliiu, ly tho inot dirttt route to hi town
of I'ayttlcvUle, in the Mine tnte.
- TitunsDAY, lAXt 4. Mr. Jrchtr,of Virginia,
read from Ids seat the following resolution .
Ljftvi WJ!brtih?. l,ljtt'JW, ? Vtic'iary be In
tnictel to irKjuiiv wh ili:r there he itX thlsTIu exI.U
inj?, and In force, in MUwiurVany UrA tribunals or tri
bunal, derived from the authority of the United States,
inmtcd with competent jurisdiction imd powers for the
nliinion'and dtttniuiwtion of f ecntrorcrsy
. , . 1 V K.P V.i. AJu! . ..
Mr. Riclh of Vermont, ofTcrcd tho following
resolutions, prefaced by some remarks, which we
Jjjic not room to copy .i-m.M -5;,T,
, K'tLkctlt 'lliat ihe cum, ulilcc on UnnMun' bcTn
structcd to iu('iirc fnto the expediency of proliibhing'
(except for the export trade) the importation .oS",
lt. All diiUIIcd ;iriti and mult liquors, IrCm ami af
ter the lay of , A. I). -
2L AH manufacture of wind, or of which oolihalI
count itutc component part, fnm and uftir the day
cf , A. II.
.Id. All cotton and flaxen ganth, or of which either
cotton or flax shall constitute a component part, to wit :
slicetinjt, nhirtingx, counterpanes, tabic cloths arripea,
check's plaiK yuhum, liint( h, ralicoci, anil prints of
all dckcnpt ion, honk ry, cotton ) am, tit, and thrcaxL
from and after .
4Ji. All kinda of jjlaiJ wares and window gla&i, from
and after .
5th. Iron, in bar, rods ahcets castings pik s, and
nails and all manufactures of sheet iron, or of wjiich
tlitet iron shall he a material of chief value, from and
after .
,6th. All manufactures of lead, copper, or tin, from and
after .
7th. All descriptions of napor, from and after .
8th. All manufacture ot leather, or of which leather'
shall constitute a component part, from and after .
9th. All descriptions of hats and ready-made clothing,
from and after .
'Jfeiohrtf, That'thd said committee he 'also instmcted
to inquire into the expediency of levyine an excise du
ty upon the domestic article which shall he substituted
for those, the imortaliori of w hich shall he prohibited :
the excise to take effect simultaneously with the prohibi
tion. After some inconsequential observations, the
resolutions were, on motion of Mr. liuUcr of
Louisiana, ordered to lie on the table.
Mr. Warit id submitted for consideration the
following resolution, which was ordered to lie on
the table :
Jtetohrtt, That 5,000 copies of the letter from the
Comptroller of the Treasury transnutting a list of ba
lances on the books of the second and third Auditors of
the Treasury which have remained more than three years
prior to the 30th Sept. 18"20, a list of the names of per
sons who have failed to render their accounts to the said
auditors withinihe year, and a list of advances made
prior to the 3d. llarch, 1809,. by the. War Department,
which remained to be accounted. for. on the boos of the
third auditor of the Treasury on the SOtb'Sept. 1820," pc
printed for the use of the members of this House.
The bill making partial appropriations for the
support of the Military Establishment for the
year 1 82 1, underwent some brief discussion in
the House of Representatives, which was confin-
d to one item of the proposed appropriation,
that of 150,000 dollars for the Quartermaster
Department. It was then ordered to be engross
cd for a third reading.
Wednesday, MN. 3 Mr. Cannon submitted
for consideration the following resolution which
lies on the table one day of course :
Jletolvfd, That the Secretary of Avar be directed to
lay before tins house a statement ot the number ot (,a
dets educated at the Military Academy that have remain.
ed in the service ot the United States five years ; also,
the number that have received commissions and have re
signed before the expiration of five years j alsd the num
ber that have left the Military Academy without com
missions, and the amount ot money Uiat has been paid
to each one : also, the sums of money that have been
paid to Cutlets w ho were permitted to stay at home (if
any) for the time between their appointment and that of
their being mustered at the Academy : also, the whole
number educated at the said Academy, who were in the
service of the United States during the laic Mar, and the
number of. those thus. engaged in the service, who were
in any battle or battles Touglirduring lhe"said time with
the enemies of our country ; also, the whole expense of
maintaining officers and instructors of the Academy each
year since the year 1802. The whole expense of amniu
uition and soldiers that bavc been placed at the Acade
my, for their assistance, since its firstcstablishment ;, also,
how for martiat Taw 1iHji;be ca
and whether or not the professors and teachers are, or
have been, under martial law : and whether or not any
ot the (atk.-U have been sent from said Academy, or di9.
missed by said Superintendant, or any other officer, with
out a trial or any specific charge being proved against
them ; also, how many toreuniers are professors' or teach
ers in said Academy, ami the number of Cadets (if any)
that have been admitted into the same from the families
of fofcigners.
On motion of Mr. flaldwin, it was
Hssolvei!, That the c( lUuttee on commerce be in
structcd to inquire w hether, in their opinion, any furth
measures are necessary to be adopted for the due enforce
nieiit of the exTstihif revenue laws."""""-'
Resolved, That the committee of commerce be instruct
cd to inquire into the expediency of makinjr any altera
tion in tte existing .laws which relitteto the; yerificat ioii
of invoices, cr to manifests of goods imported from foreign
n .t . , a .1..
ncoiveuj i nai uic commiiicc ot commerce oe in
structed to inquire into the expediency of making any
proi ision by law for tin: due enforcement of tbe provis
ions of the act, ontillerrAn act supplementary to an
act, entitled An act to reirulate the. collection of dutte
on imports and tnnttgef .passed -the 2d: day of March
tcuoh ed, That the committee of Wavs-and Means be
instructed to inquire,' and to report to this House; wheth
vr, in tiieir opinion, the permanent revenue is adequate
to meet tne expenses ot tins toVernnicnt
h'o-ohvd, That. the ccmmiUce of Ways and Means be
instructed to inquire whether any measures niav. in thei
opinion, he necessary toincrease the revenue, and if so, to
report my .measures,io uus lions
whirhhave ar'ntvr may ailte lUt rein, un-Ur tlWcun
stitntion, la ah, or Ireativ of the tinted MUtcs or con
tmrcnics to-wbirH-lWe twitetl htat ar ir may U4MM
a party and, U there be no such tribunnali or tribunal,
ihen to report totlii bouse the provision! and measures
w hich, in their opinion, may be necessary to be adopted
by Congress, for causing the authority of the govern.
mnt and laws of the United State to be respected, and
for asiurintf proUc t'ion to the pmocrty and other rights
of the United Spates, and of tbvir citizens, 'within Mia-
Uefore forwarding the motion to the chair, Mr.
A. stated the motives which had induced him to
offer it. Whatever might be the situation of
Missouri, with respect to this government, the
propriety remained the same of instituting the
inquiry he proosed, and of adopting the resolu
tion, lie must be candid enough to state, howe
ver, that to him it appeared lhat Missouri stood
entirely disconnected from any legal or political
relation with this government. With our own ;
hands, said Mr. A. we have cut all the mooiings
which attached her to it, and she floats entirely
iberatcd and at large, bhe stood formerly in the
elaiion of a territory to the United States : the
had proposed to assume the new relation of a
State of the Union. This House had refused her
permission to do so, and, Mr. A. suid, she stands
discharged from all relation to the -Union. It
was vain to ten him mat Missouri was a ierniory. assertion was disproved by the fact,
known to every one, that she had discarded every
attribute of that character. The concession
which Congress made to Missouri at the last ses
sion, Mr. A. said, consisted of two parts: the
permission to depart from the existing relations
of a territory, and the permission to assume, un
der certain conditions, the relations of a member
of the confederacy. She must have departed
rom the relation of a territory before she could
lave availed herself of the second part ol ihe
concession to her. What is it that Congress can
admit into the Union ? Not a territory, but a
state. Missouri was therefore obliged to cease
to be a territory before she could be in a condi
tion to claim admission into the Union i and she
became a state. Not only, then, in point of fact,
but in legislative station, Missouri is no longer a
territory. . ,.......:".
Mr. A. said he was not intimating, nor would
he be understood as intimating, that the people
of Missouri wished to be permanently disconnect
ed from the Union. He was assured she was
attached to the Union by feelings generated by
her descent from it, and by a true reverence for
the principles of its institutions. Nor did he sav
say that she had shewn any disposition to throw
off the yoke of allegiance to the Union ; it was
this House which had itself cut loose the harness,
and thrown away the reins. Mr. A. went on to
say, that, if Congress could act at all at present
with reference to Missouri, such was now her
condition, that it could hot act by law, but must
act by force. The authority of the Union might
hang over her, but there were no legal modes by
which it could be exercised. All its ordinary and
regular conductors were broken ofl. With re
gard to Missouri, Mr. A. said the citizens of the
United States had individual rights, which it was
the duty of Congress to secure. Many of thctn,
for example, had received donations of land in
that territory, in requital of their services, of their
blood, and of the glory they had acquired for their
country. Congress were bound, by the most sa
cred of all obligations, to ensure protection to
those rights. -..-.The question, therefore, which he
wished to present to the consideration of gentle
men was this : VVThere arc the tribunals and me
thods by which these and other rights Can be
protected where the channels by which the ati
thotity .of ;ihegovernment can be enforced ?
man could say that tjiere existed such tribunals,
or channels for the enforcement of our authority.
cause of any peculiar situation of Missouri, but
because of the ambiguity of it because no man
can say what it is. Suppose, he said, that he
was right in his opinion, of the condition of Mis
souri: every one would say that an inquiry ought
to be instituted with the view to establish some
bonds of relation between Missouri and this, go
vernment. But, suppose that he were mistaken
on this point : the- inquiry-would s be-properr
in oruer to remove tne (louois which he and oth
ers entertained. In every view in which he con
sidered the subject; he thought the inquiry 6ugl
to take place. He did not propose that this in
quiry shouldbe committed to himself,' or to those
who agreed with him in opinion but he proposed
to refer it to a standing committee of the house,
which might reasonably be supposed to be an im
partial tribu
Sergeant,) was one -of the most prominent of
those who di tiered from him in opinion on this
.topic. ' ..
. Mr. A. saij he wai far from supposing tRat
there would be any oprcMUooio this proposi
tion : but, if there were, he would say to the op
txincnts of it, that they, had taken upon them
selves to direct the course ol our. legislation on
r . i, . ... ' I IlfxulvetL T hat the commit! if W,m hrl t. ....... u. I
shoal and breakers. U ;enllcncn "who cr,j.
tute the late majority of tlis hoiuc, were to re
fuse to agree to the proposed Inquiry, he ihouU
then say, what he Wa now very far from saying,
that they were afraid to pursue the principle cf
their own vote in its operation, and to stand con
fronted with the results..
The resolution having been read from thes
Mr. Sergeant suggested that the resolution
was one of such a description as ought not to be
. .. ..I. .
attea'vpoir wttnout tuoromjan opportamtjno
ererjr member of the house to otc u?on Ur ;IJe
therefore moved that it lie on the table.
Some debate took place on this motion, in which
Mr. Cobb. Mr. Scrccatit, and Mr, Lowndes bora
a piincipai pan. i ne qucsuou on laying mo
w m . m Km ww m w mm md aHu w mr.n w. aaaaMraaaav
Urelyt by ,Yew and Nays, 9 r votes to 59T.
to ioair.roDiT.
We w ill endeavor to make room for M.1uy Iltuuhvd"
in our next.
The Club" shall appear next week, digested of it
Attie title; -
full blown Ihifo, puff'd by hit pwii quill.
1 ' rora ALTtatn.
The following reached us, through a private
channel, a day or two since ; and asMhe writer
employs his 44 lx tallions,0 f what does7 he mean f)
we shull use the ex ialioni, and gratify ourselves,
and no doubt the sapient " Legation, by giving
it to the public verbatim, et literatim, et punctu
alim, that talents of such uncommon promise
may be justly estimated :
Lex talliont
Mcttrt Editort
Gentlemen Be it rememUred, thatt Le.
gation teldom ever thought $eriou$ty in the whole
course of hit life. In fiening hit communication,
i. . . . y -. y. . . L5.j
nc lvut ivici'j intent vn munujucmring juwt rvif
And ii not a little diverted ttnee i io jtnd it hctmejf
vith foolt to hut them on themtehet or on their
neighbour. But much turfirited lhat they' have
been found to Jit to weli at to be mistaken for ori-
mnaU or called trlanntr hertonaattet i when no tutu
thins; wai Utndtd.
Be ye further atured that, ye art indebted t9 lega
tion fur tome lughly airoved ettayt that have ci
fteared in your fiaicr. But he it determined never
to Trouble you again vrith any more of hit cogita
tions L
And " be ye further o-surcd, Legation, that
you have our humble thanks for your " highly
approved essays,' (what a modest writer I) and
our unfeigned gratitude for your " determination
not to trouble us with any more of your cogita
tions." We know not who you are, nor did we
ever think it worth our while to inquire: But we
believe we may append to your unsolicited ac
knowledgment, that " you have seldom thought
seriously in the whole course of your life," I de
claration no less true, that you have as seldom
thought wtely. Your " essays" may have been
" highly approved but it is a little singular that
the first notice we should have of it should be
trom your highly valued self. Recollect, friend
" L:" that "vanity is a passion which crosses its,
own purposes, anT begets .contempPwhen it
means to inspire admirattorw" ,
The "head and frcmrjof pur oTending,M the
;;ii-i. : iLi flilr.."- . m A.m 911th Sift. Oil
then-eCTTptHjiiof-" Legation highly
proved essays, giving the reason, as politely as
we knew how, why we should decline publish
ing it : '' 1
LcgationM is inadmissible. His personalities
are top glaring i and weshpjujd r
if we believed he entertained a s:crious though
of our publishing them. -
j r. nn ) ttitfhi Rentreni ' .
v m n l. M i . f - v....
The following extract Trom the remarks or
Bishop of Chester in the debate in the Brtush
House of Lords on the third reading of the Hi"
of Pains and Penaliies, exhibits the Knglish clerr
gy, if he be a fair specimen, in no very favora t
liglitr The Ipwcr ordrts' of the clergy th c
tablished church, in Cowper's time, were
A priesthood, such as flu -d's was of okl ;
and, it would seem now thai even the
heads" are not much better. When 3
has the unblushing efTromery'to cortc oul in .
face oftlie world, and tell such palpal u lrU
hactiot foimderuUtbc
wlwt lut we ta expect from a Ucrpw'1
m6ii !- TUilutacfct of (e.V r

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