'lit' Ml 1i4cr tl- Mhw itwjiirvi, .
My oul 111? tuneful itirtin dmirc.... tt,
VOI THE WUT1I1 CA0UI4.
TO A KIK!y,
riLr fo fuuhtute (lie Inhon 0 lirr iuu$:
farnanian nimint 1 cf k in
-7 jMjryrwttw ttc-'cu aUain ,
It t 'nupluTfii fcuMjrnC.'" '
A title to poetic fame
-TliO! only fchould, or cau fluiilj
lly genius Uught' to rhtmr.
True, you may leant to rhyme by at ti,
And w ntig-ht any oUu r fool,
That' not the kill required ;
l or what avail it that you know
To make your number smoothly flow .
Unless by genius fired
'I he Ianibir, T) rrhic and Spondee,
The Anapratic and .Troth e,
With all thoas ruk-fcof aif,
Should you to memory comimt,
Would that increase tour store of r
'J1iotc rule miuu ti impart .
No, sun ly not Vet I admit I
A knov ledpc of thow.- ndei befit
All who'd in rhunc excel (
Hut ra'lwr learn how to control,
J o'plan, connect, a:id blend the -w hole, - -
In order to w rite well. ilu.
rM TIM. B0WI5 r.lzr.TTf.
TO .1 V.
' here was an hour w lien I did love
To watch the day' departing bcur.i ,
To we its golden tints above
Faulc gently like ablisJul dream.
nd once I loved at eve to iew
The skv all gemmed with stars so br;gh'. ;
jd that mild 01b of silver hue
OVr the soft V.urc spr ml its liglit.
And once I loved to tread the glade,
And pluck each sweetly blooming flow c. :
And once beneath yon elrn'n dark hhadc -
1 loved to pais the noontide hour.
. But then thy own loved form wis there,
And why should I tncb object mark;
Ah, w ith thee, all was radiant, fair .
Without thec, all was gloomy, dark. -
For when the sun had ceased to shed
Its glorious light around the bky
When its last crimson bennt had fled,
Thy cheek, my Anna, bore its dye.
And when the stars came on wiUt night.
And when the moon resumed her throiw4,
Some cloud would shade them from the sight
But thy eye ttili with lustre shone.
FOR THE WESTER AROll.NI A.N.
T1IF. AT1IEXL1X CLUn........J,U Ml.'.
"Envy is the canker of the soul.
The following beautiful production on the
force of talents, we have selected believing
that its delightful hinguage will please, while
the sentiments which it breathes will meet the
approbation of those who may feel its touch
with a greater degree of sensibility than oth
ers: .v.-.rj . .. . . -
44 Talents, wherever they have had a suita
ble theatre, have never failed to emerge from
obscurity, antl assume their proper rank in
the estimation of the world. The celebrated
Camden is said to have been the tenant of a
garret. Yet, Irom the darkness, poverty, and
ignominy, of -this re sidence, he advanced to
distinction and wealth, and graced the first
offices and titles of our Island. It is impos
sible to turn oyer the British Biography, with
out being struck and charmed by a multitude
' of correspondent examples ; a venerable gTorp
of novi homines, as the Romans called them 7
men who, from the lowest depths of obscuri
ty and want, and without even the influence of
patron, have risen to the first honours of
; Hh ei r country; and fmiiVdcd Ihel owlf jamiKes
anew. In every nation, and in every age
great taienis, tnrown xairiy into tne point ot
ublic observation, will invariably produce
the same ultimate effect. A The jealous pride
of power may attempt to; repress and crusn
them ; the base and malignant rancour of im
potent spleen and tnvtf ma'v strive to embar
rass their flight ; hut t hese 'efforts,, so .far frora
.-achieving their -igmbk purpose, to far from
producing a discerniUe obliquity in the: as
cent of .genuine and vigorous 'talents, will
serve only to-increase their momentum, and
:unl hrgm to atcnislt and tranparl the Ihii
ihh Parliament, ami the llritinh nation, ly the
boldmsi, the force and r.mgc of hii thon,;ht,
,nd the celestial fire and j4tho$ of his elo
quence, it i well known that the Minister,
Walpolc, and Ms brother Horace, (from mo
tives very easily understood,) exerted nil their
wit, all their oratory, and all their acquirer
ments of every description, stmainv, J n
forced by the unfeeling " insolence of Office,"
to heave a tnountaiu on his gigantic genius,
an;d hide it from the world poor and now-
cilcss attempt ! The tables were turned i he
rose upon them in the might and irresistible
energy, of his genius, and in spite of all their
.l,.i!idiLl.t,0i,st frantic agonies and spasms, he
strangled tnem"5ntl' their "vholef action
with s much ease, as Hercules did the ser
pent Python. Who canaturnoyerthc debates
of the day, and rcaJ the accounfor Ws coh
flict Ietween youthful ardor and hoary head
td .curlniyg .and power, without kindling in
the cause of the Tyro, and" shouting" at his
victory . That they bhould have attempted
to pass off the grand, yet solid and judicious
operations of a mind like his, as being mere
theatrical start and emotion ; the giddy, hair
brac ed excentricitiesof u romantic boy ! 'Hint
they fehould have had the presumption to sup
pose themselves capable of huining down to
;he floor of the Parliament, a genius so ethe
rial and sublime ! Why did they not, in the
next breath, by way of crowning the climax
of vanity, bid the magnificent fire ball to de
scend from its exalted and appropriate region,
and perform its splendid tour along the sur
face of the earth ?
"Talents, which are before the public, have
nothing to dread, either from the jealous pride
of power, or from the transient misrepresen
tations of party, spleen or envy. 1 11 spite of
opposition from any cause,their buoyant spirit
will lift them to their proper grade it would
lie unjust that it should lift them higher.
" It is true, there always are, and always
..ill be individuals in ever)' society, whose
characters and acquirements are reputable ;
vet they are underrated by the public.
41 In spite of every thing, the public opinion
v. ill finally do justice to us all. The man who
nmes fairly before the world, and who pos
. esses the great and vigorous stamina which
entitle him to a niche in the temple of glory,
lias no reason to dread the ultimate result ;
however slow his progress may be, he will,
in the end, most indubitably receive that dis- ,
unction. While the rest,- "the swallows of
science, tne Duttertiies 01 genius, may nut
ter for their spring ; but will soon pass away
and be remembered no more. No enterpris-
ing man, therefore, has reason to droop or
repine at any efforts which may be made to
depress him. Let, then, the temper of envif
or of malice howl around him. His genius
will consecrate him ; and any attempt to ex
tinguish that will be as unavailing, .s wouiu
a human effort 4 to quench the sti-rs.' "
IUH TIIK WMTEHN CANOI.IMW.
- Et te animo repetcntem.exempla tuor.i'n,
ht pater ihneas et avunculus excitct Hecio".
In the perusal of this genuine exhortation,
we cannot avoid being moved by sympathy
when we see such strength of feeling pour
rayed by those heroes of antiquity. When
we see their solicitude to impress the salu
tary principles of virtue, justice and equality
on the minds ol their youths, we feel inward
ly a reproof, that it is not in our power to be
queath this last admirable privilege to our
Under the propitious auspices of justice
and equality,, we: have probably equaled, in
civilization and improvements of every :de'
scription, the most sanguine expectations of
those who reared the standard of liberty, and
sounded the trump of freedom whose blood
fertilized the plains of America in bequeath
ing those hftppyprivilegesvvhich:vehaveen-:
riiuce; where youth is cbmrfltis, without
energy of spirit ? where the crafty flatter the
vanity of ignorance, and the bold overawc the
temerity of caution? Or undeMhc latter....
where nothing but that golden principle is so
licited, "Do unto others as you would that
others should do unto you V
M Ye mat 0 diu, (uid ferrc return,
' Quid valcant h4inc rii."
Pause, citizens of the East ! Contemplate,
for a moment, the tleTcstable complexion that
has always distinguished the features of fac
tion. Connive not at her folly and profligacy
in the streets of Athens, where she derided
the salutary laws of Solon j nor her, weakness
and instability under those of Lycttrgus.
BeholiLher Jij&USS Jnc fasces of discord"
and sounding the bugfcoTVcheiriOfrtn'Eng
land, and' furling the standard when crimson
ed by the blocHl.?;':!?:
point you to a norc hideous aspect, "where
she ravaged and almost depopulated the fer
tile plains of France ; where she stained her
hands in the blood of a mild, inoffensive mon
arch, whose only crime 44 was his affection for
his 'subjects where she offered up thou
sands as an immolation to satisfy her sangui
nary and inexorable ferocity, and ultimately
plunged her deluded votaries into the horri
ble abyss of despotism.
A word to our friends of the West : Be
ware of this demon she comes 44 as a wolf in
sheep's clothing" with smiles depicted on
her countenance, she solicits our embraces';
but her heart is cankered ; 6hc is corrupted
by a loathsome disease, and polluted by a pas
sion more contagious than the fang of a viper.
Our rights have been encroached on in di
rect opposition to our constitution. We
ought to participate the same privileges as
those of the Kast, or any other state.... Why,
then, are we debarred from them ? Let our
demands for retributive justice cease not un
til obtained. ...or let them attend us to our la
test breath. civis occiof.ntalis.
A farmer in Knland, who had promised to
man y a girl without a fortune, afterwards gave
his hand 10 another, who was very rich ; and en
deavoring to ir.dicatc his conduct to the rector
of the polish, the Doctor said, " such an action
as you lue been guilty of, does not admit of any
palliation ; for it is wrong, so palpably wron,
that reully do not know uny thirg tiktit." 4 Bui
I do," replied the farmer ; i4it is like your taking
a fioor living at first, and leaving it for a richer,
as soon as it fell hi your way."
joyed. I repeat, have enjoyed ; because the
period is past, and those barriers of indepen
dence prostrated with the dust ! Inequality
and oppression have assumed their stations,
and wield the weapons of tyranny over the
citfaen'of ' the'A V-esf f- --:
' We looked "with anxiety and -solicitude to
the last session of our Legislature, as a source
from whence we could, with confidence' ex
pect relief. How far we have succeeded, you
are avhre. Faction has reared her Medusa
head, to distract the councils of our state.
You have seen, with extreme regret, the prev
alence of the tyrannising spirit that pervades
the Kast, which thirsts after ascendancy. But
I confess, the prospects are more propitious
at present than have been presented for u
number of preceding years : yet I fear that
the peri i is far remote, when we can again
repose under the sacred banners oPjiistice,
and .sound the clarion of equality. .
Our state, junfortUnately, is divided into
two parties.. ..the! Kast and West. Under
which of these . wilt 'yoabe -enrolled L Do vou
t)H THE WESTEIIX CAKOLJNU.
On the Foundation of Moral Obligation.
Among the different subjects which have
arrested the attention, and employed the tal
en and the time of the wise and the good,
1 he science of Manners and Duttj holds a dis
tinguished place. That science which has
for its object the duty of man, whose office
it is to direct him in its discharge, and to
tr.-.ch him the nature and ground of those ob
ligations wluVh bind him to its performance,
and whose end is the promotion of human
happiness, must be dignified and important.
From the different topics, the discussion of
which this science includes, it would be diffi
cult to stltct one of greater interest, or one
on which a greater variety of sentiment has
been expressed, than the nature and ground
of Moral Obligation. Obligation, in general,
denotes that by which we are bound to per
form any action. Consequently, when we
add the epithet moral, and speak of moral ob
ligation, we mean that which binds us to the
performance of what we believe to be? our
duty : or, in other words, to do what is right,
and to forbear from doing that which is wrong.
.1 hus A, when called to give his testimony in
a suit pending between B and C, is morally
bound" to-drclartr ther truth -and-nothing-Wt
the truth. Y hence, then, is this binding in-
nuence in relation to right ana wrong clen
ved ? To w hi source shall we trace it ?
One adduces the moral fitness of things....
another its agreeableness'to the reason and
nature o f th ings... a third v - i ts- conform i ty to
truth. ...and a fourth, its expediency?-by pro
moting the public good. All of these, whe
ther taken collectiv ely ' or separatelyfail to
afford the inquiring mind the satisfaction
which is desirable, or even necessary.":
What is to be understood by these answers
is not easily determined ; nor is there reason
to doubt but the wise and learned themselves
would, express different views, were .they
called to expres&them Nor is it, Indeed,
possible for mortals, endowed with limited
capacities even to ascertain what will pro
mote, the good of the whole.- it is a plausi-
ble, but fallacious,-method of ascertaining
what will promote the good of the whole, to
ask the question, what would be the tonse
quehces if such and such-practices were gen-
MtyllWm'tsll V Ihe.reason ;;rs olwious.
.mark tbem ivj ih an' a d d i tioh d
this nippoMtion, that tve arc able, in forming
a rule uf conduct, to connect in our rninds u
present, existing cause with Ut remote t ef
fects.... a task too arduous 'for finite minds.--So
different are the minds of men, both from
nature and habit, that they would be differ
ently affected by one and the same action.
Its influence upon one might be iJutary,
while upon another it would produce an ef
fect exactly the reverse fand we mutt take-'
men as' we find them, and with them ai we
find them' are we obliged to deal. Besides,
this method takes.it for granted, that the
cause, and the effects resulting from it, must
be of the aamc nature and wear the samp
character, a supposition no lest repugnant to
the history of the human family than it it to
our almost dailyesperience.
How often have we found that the most
unhallowed and malicious designs and action v-
01 men, nave nrouutcu 111c idosi cAtensivc
good. Were I to rdason with Christians to
prove the fallacy of this method, I would ad
duce the conduct of the sons of Israel, in sell
ing the delight of their father to company
of travelling Ishmaelites an act so barbarous
and unfeeling, that it cannot be contemplated
without horror and resentment; nevertheless.
an act which was a necessary means of saving
themselves and thousands of others from the
appalling destruction of a famine. I would
even conduct them to Calvary's mount, and
pbce. them at. the foot of the Cross, to behold
the Son of God and the Saviour of men, buf
feted, crowned with thorns, clad in a gor
geous robe, and crucified sufferings which
irresistibly excite the tenderest sympathies
and compassions of the human heart, and in
flicted amidst the brightest displavs'of inno
cence and virtue; but sufferings which, by
appeasing the wrath of an offended God, have -exulted
apostate man to the society of An
gels in the realms of immortal bliss. Gui
ded, therefore, by the lamps of divine reve
lation, we must believe 44 partial evil to be
universal good ; and that the existence and
practice ol evil have been no less instrumen
tal in accomplishing the benevolent purposes
of Deity, than the existence of good.
To the same conclusion will we be led, if
we consider the causes and effects which ap
of a political nature. British exaction (in it
self an evil, and deservedly an object of de
testation) produced the revolt of her Ameri
can colonies ; this revolt terminated in the
establishment of their independence, - and m-v
the formation of a government the-object--both
of the admiration and envy of the civi
lized world. While, therefore, we exult in
the blessings procured by our independence,
we view with abhorrence the spirit and con
duct of those who, by their oppressive acts,
produced measures that led to an event, in the
commemoration of which the patriot and the
christian unite in songs of gratitude.
If these things be so, does it not necessa
rily follow, that if general utility, or the good
of the whole, be the foundation of Moral
Obligation, 1st, That we may do evil that
good may come of it? 2d, That the foulest
crimes which have ever darkened the page of
history, may be justified X and lastly, That
that which is in itself sinful does bind to the
performance of the duties of life ? which is no
less paradoxical than it is self-contradictory
But is all this reasoning illogical? Is coun
sel darkened by words? Let it be so. If
driven, from ground which we endeavored to
occupy, as untenable, there' remain other
strong holds to" which we have access. I
would, then, ask, if -thatrwhich- is admitted to
be the foundation of moral -obligation ought
not to be'"unIe?g3ji:it not absurd to
speak of & rational creature leinjc bHbuttd to do
what is right and jo avoid what wrongvby
something whicrThe neither does nor can un
dcrVtand ? Bmnyhardcrthe-industrious peas
antry, who, in every country, constitute a
large majority of the inhabitants, know about
general utility, or the good of the' whole ?
They are phrases that they have never been
taught to understand if," perchance, they
have reached their ettre-TttilT
Where., then, shall we place the foundation,
of moral obligation? We answer, in the au-.
the civilized world agrees,
give testimony in a court where the christian
religion has shed its rays, they are neverthe-.
less required to be sworn according, to thei
respective religions. By whatever naine
their Gdd may be called, whatever ...form 1 o
appearance he may wear, is a matter. oUU -.
conseqence:::Wver'tBcy believe him t
dictate that, impressed with a su?re r,
gard to.his authority, they will study to p -form,
Yea, when christians reflect upon the
deference the unenlightened heathen F
the authority of their Gods,. their cheeks