T!,r Hr.? .4f,..rtl' Mf tltJi'lv,
Ms xoi.J ill.: tuM I'.il hiruin n.tii.irri...,' ort
rno m scisscaoH ACtisr
n a 'f j jnnXMsH
i'iir6i!i dcptfn of azure wading
The iter parklc to hi fiifht,
"TfieTr bnfci tfie oalt 12dJijf
'A placid calm o'cr-lmnjjs the nc j
I'll wildly nwi-i t ; and onty
..- It would not atcin so lone!)''! '
Khe vol the star whose glorious ray
My journey did enlighten i
No cloud obscurM my mental day,
Whose gloom the did not brighten ;
But from Otc bird tlmt uhIk-i spring
Ilcr emblem we may borrow,
To-day we bark and hear it King,
And where uit to-morrow '
Oh ! why in Such n hour n this,
Should thoufjfcts o sad aw-ken!
T h v was 1 d'jom'd to dream dt' blias,
AjmI thus to t forsake !
Hi.icc life no balsatn can impart
To keep rcmcrr.brar.ee under t
The lengthened sih thut swells my hear,
Shall burst iu bands asunder.
BOJS'JE J100.W . . a r a ta a i
Ve flowery bank o' boitic Iloon,
How can ye blumc tac fair;
- How can ye chant, y c littk.- bird"" '
And I sac fu o' care ! "'
1 hou'll break my heart, thou fxnjic bin!,
'l int sings upon ihc bouh;
Thou mindi mc o' ilic liapjiv days
When my fausc love was true.
1 hou'll break my heart, thou borne bird,
Thut s;nfi bd'.de thy mate ; "
For sue ! ant, nnd rae I snrg-,
And Vk'ut na o' my fttc.
Aft hac I roved hy.bonie Iloon,
To sec the woodbine twine,
AikI ilk bird snnj- o' its love,
And sac did I o' mine.
y V lijhtsomc heart I pul a roe
Frae aiT ita thorny tree, v . .... . '
And my Cause, lover staw the roar, 4 -
Bui 'left the thorn wi' me. .
Literary Extracts, &c.
Variety Vthe very spice of life,
That gives it all its flavor.
;-lc:r.;rc3, w'.o ec.:.cclwliiir.,.i if ..:, i
deptitrdof i-diing a fashionuhlo uv.ciiibly, of
.U ;itdii a rrt itc tlnlif of arting a t.e play,
ir of admiring sonic foreign novelty, whlth the
hand bills cd" the day have annniricrd..
The rhan f ho it el contented within htustlf,
tlwU;li Ihe )iiilc storm of futc Vhouhl beat u
jiiikt him, alill lie Can, uuli a ;'osti)'' h;iu.
fadloiii recollect thit.4 our (;..!, in thcmidai
of iiriihmci)tf hat rcmcmumd mercy i" tnid
though he ahould le bcrcli of almont evefy
aUTf- Uve, innocence and llcavcn,' if ho will
look tip, tpjlim with the aamo confidence that
a l a a 1 . if.a t I
ctuia iooki tip to it cariiiiy jarcfii uu turn
iicm aiid distress will Viinhh like the ntUt of the
dawn before the ioljr ray," and he may exclaim
with l5ibnrthatu there It joy evtV in KtieT,
when Kite dwells in the brcuata of the tad."
Hut there h another way in which it may be
prchcruk.t that novcli aio ficriotntly huilful.
I'lio ;J: poem and the romance qf chivalry tran
poitui to a woild of wondcri herc aupcrnatu
r.d aijcnti are mixed with the human characters j
where the human character thenwlvc are pro
dilci, ond where events are produced by catici
widely and manifestly diirerctit Tioin thone whkli
rcjiulato tho course of human affairs. ,.Witli
such world we tlo not' think of comparing our
acttul nituation to such characters wc do not
prcuiuj.to assimilate wrclve or our ncih
hours -from urli a concatenation of marvels wc
drawMwi .coutliiaiuu with regard to-our own
pcctatiuiH in teul life. Cut rc-il life i the very
thinir ..which jtovelt . ifjea-to imitate ;.aad the
Mcsnns. Knioia & BixuaiM:
In as much as the possession of happiness is evidently
the pursuit of alt mankind, the following ex'ract from a
very valuable iproduction may, if strictly adhered to,
yitld somv salutary lessons on the subject. If you deem
it worthy a place u your valuable paper, it is at your
service. g. p. i
miketborovgh, JanAZth, 1821.
" The natural disposition of every person is
to fiiid happiness as he moves through life, the
pleasures rtf which are so beautiful, and of so
short atluration, thai he can hardly enjoy them
before they are jjone. There is nothing which
persons generally form so incorrect an idea of,
as happiness. They suppose, that to taste of
tjie enjoy wents of life, they must he in the midst
of fashion and amusements, and court pleasure
on tne " imnt lantasuc toe ; this-is incorrsis
tentlv ca led, smt)in? the "sweet nf lif. frnm
" pleasure's sparkling bowl." "The only retreat
ior happiness is soliturfc, wherei divested of all
. the fake glare whkb ' gleams but to allufer
we can ihrow off every vagrant thought, and
chensh the purest aljccllQ.nS-OUhe-Soul W
can there look into the recesses of the heart, and
hnd existing only an ideal affection for the vaitt
t ies Of the v6rld. The first and most necessary
step towards enjoyment, is to be happy within
ourselves. "Contentment needs but little
and those who cannot, feel themselves contented
when undisturlJed by the clamour of hidi life
should bask in pleasure's brightest beam. Is k
ii.i ,.fs -. ...
.au xjiainninjfasures the - world israpablm:
' bestowing, which gives one hout of tranoui
. :. a . .1 is i ... . .
nijjp.nicsi io uie mmat is it every enjoyment
..v. .un puai njific, .mat can give us one
.iivmtoi 3 tuns'jiauon in me irymg nour ottu!
dissolution. ? It ii not tossibIe that Arc can ex
pect to be perfectly Kappy in this life ; nor is it
living completely secluded from all society, that
makes us leel niore contented. There must be
a rertuin, sunshine within the breast, which no
cloud of f. te, hqwi vtr dark it may appear, can
wholly ludc its genial light. -The-"inarmed man,
. who is bit st with the soft cndcai ing simlc, and
.affectionate look from
' v a HcavcTj'S lust lust g-ft to'manv.
'? Uti( wife and T.:?'e. imu;he'gecs;' reflect!
n . icli softcncfl .Icatnic oi' his .-hiUl (V.-U ",'i
rno Titr (wrnoar)iiriaTiatr airnw."
rut: now t.iim. ' .
, . F.vctjcasth: on the JUdno has its pcculur tn
n'uo7i,VifdlnT and rocks a
long its bank," have some romantic story connect
ed with them. The castle M Hadcn ii remarka
ble for its subterraneous vaults, to which' are as
cribed an intercut arising from a different source.
They are said to have been (ho aeat of one of
.1 . .. .. . .L L? . 'I'.il -I
inosc ierrmc institutions mc accrci i nyuui
a aperies of Inquisition which it is diQctdt to ini
aiiinc ahould ever have existed in any country,
but which was allowed to execute the tremen
dous powers which it assumed to itself through
out (icrmany, until' iti cruelties and injustice
provoked a combin ition to repress its enormities ;
and on the introduction by Charles V. of a ne
criminal code, the court gradually fell into dis
use. 4 The Holy J'An, or Woody League, was a
mysterious tribunal which existed, originally,
in Westphalia, and from thence spread itself
throughout (Jcrmany. It was also called Fni
ttericMi (Free Tribunal,) and the place of its sit
tings, Frri StuhU (Tree Chair,) and it is not un
common in Germany to meet with a district whicli
still bears the name of Frri fcrVA, derived from
this source. The greatest secrecy pervaded their
proceedings; all that was known of them wa
arbitrary, bloody, and terrific. . The members of
a tribunal consisted of a supreme Judge, or Siuhl
rxf) and at least fourteen assistants, or free as
sessors, (J'rei aftcrficr,) composed of all ranks,
princes, nobility, and citizens every one being
eager to shield himself from the terrors of the
tribunal by becoming a member. In the fifteenth
century, when the tribunal was in its most daring
power, there were about 100,000 free judges in
Germany. The judges, who ordinarily went by
the name of the xintnentUriy (the knowing or initi
ated) recognized each other by a sign, discover
ed by none bu'. the fraternity. The court was
thus the powerful instrument of ambition, private
malice, and oppression. No one knew his accu
ser or his judge both mijjht be his neighbour
or seeming friend. On their initiation, the mem
bers bound themselves by the most solemn oaths
to bring all before the tribunals that deserved pun
ishment, respecting neither friends nor relations ;
or, in the words of their terrible oath, to " uphold
and conceal the Holy ehm, before wife and
child, before father and mother, before sister and
brother, before fil e and wind, all that the sun shin
eth on and the rain wetteth, before all that floats
between heaven and earth."
4 The proceedings, as may be supposed, were
very summary. The officers of the tribunal stole
in the night to a castle or a town, and affixed on
the gates a judicial summons to this prince or
that citizen to appear at the I rci Stuhl, at a giv
en time and place, to be examined on a given
matter. .It the summons was repeated three
limes, without effect, the accused was condem
ncd fiar contumacy once more summoned and
if that proved fruitless, outlawed and hanged bv
the road side whenever caught. If he resisted,
he was bored through the bodv, bound to the tree,
and left with the executioner s knife sticking by
him, to show that he was not murdered, but a
4nvict of the Frei Gericht. -The tribunal used
to assemble at midnight in the churchyard of the
place where.they intended to.hotd a.sitting. At
break of dav, the ringing of the bells announced
4a the inhabitants the presence? of these formtda
ble visitors. All were obliged to assemble in an
open field, sitting down in circle in the middle
of which sar the President and Judces of the
i Tiounai - me insignia oi a sworq and-tPpC-bel
tore mem. v ncn any one o bad refutation an.
. . ' - . . k r.
of this act, catr) uiih her to heaven ( acnvnl
paradise) fourteen "'cncrutloiis of relations utu
iter dct eased husband, where they shall all re
main while fourteen kin;sof iho r;od shall havu
succeeded to the throne of India. The funeral
pile consists of a quantity of fafjgots laid on the
earth, rising about three fect from the ground.
After b-thing, and performing various, super
slitidQs rites, the widow comes to the pile walks
round it four times, scattering flowers and parch,
cd corn, and then lays herself down on the pilo
by the dead body, which she cnfoldi In her irmiT"
With two conls laid across the pile, the dead am)
living bodicVarc then lied fa'-t together. More
fjgots are now laid upon the bodies, and iwolc
vers are brought over thetM, it??SLdo wji ther.
living wldoVv and preventing her, after the flanjea
bciriii to scorch her, from escaping; from, thc
nanus oi incsc stauncn murucrera. a ne cm
son now-sevs-fire- tohe t, and, as the Hamei
rC4UJr IU tUlH-tlf V lliav HVIUIO va aow
rctpects, at least, in which ther'wish it to be so.
Hence both the'tf temper, conduct, and., hapjii
KeWimlijr'WMTatcrianjr' InjuredrTor'iioirelli ar?
often r mantle ; not," Indeed,' by the i rclutioh bf
what is obviously miraculous or Impossible , but
by deviating, though pel haps insensibly, beyond
ihe bounds of probability or consistency. And
the girl who dream of the brilliant accomplish
ments and enchanting manners which dUtiuguKh
the favourite characters in those fictitious histo
id, will be apt to look with contempt on the
most respectable and amiable of-her acquaint-
. a i i i a J. '
uncc; wiiue in tne snowy person anu naucriug
address of some contemptible, and jM-rhaps profli
gate coxcomb, she may figure to herself the pro
totype of her imaginary heroes, the only man
.1 .! ...I !. t . !l I . . I
upon eartu wan wnom ii is possioie io ie nappy.
Nay, if she would venture to indulge her lover
wi'h a private assignation, she knows from those
aulhentick records;that her conduct is sanction
ed by the example of ladies of the most inflexi
ble virtue. She may sull plead the same uutho-
ity for her justification, it, tor the sake of this
ascinaiing youth, she reader herself an outcaxt
rom her station and her lamdjf.. Vy b'atcvcr sjte
nay give up, she has learned from her oracle
hat no sacrifice can be too great for real love ;
that real love, such as subsists, amU ever will
subsist, between herself and ihe bestof incn, la
adequate to fill every hour of her existence, ami
to supply the want of every other gratification,
and every other employment And althoughlhc
may be prevented by fortunate circumstances, or
y the prevalence of letter principles from cxhi
biting, in her own fate, the catastrophe of a mel
ancholy novel ; yet, tinctured with such notions,
she must, even in prosperity, be lamentably dis
appointed in her fondest hopes, and look with a
joyless hoart to the society ol -ordinary mortals,
to the ordinary duties and ordinary comforts of
ifc; those duties which the sober minded dis-
tharge with cheerfulness, and those comforts in
which they acquiesce with contentment ami delight.
peared in the circle, one of the judges would
.h lv Int' nlfl tv! I. t '..'It. t9 l.'"
n i t, Him, tiuu imiuiiu -iiim svnn ms;wnite
stall', say to him 44 Friend, there in as good bread
to be eaten eUeivhere an here. If the conscience
of the person was so clear that he did not choose
to take the hint and go away, he might sft still
and Titri Ihccfi
erally more prudent to decamp; 7 When the
ju.de touched any one three limcslwith the for
nii(lab1rwhhervand, it was a signal that he was
a hapless convict already secretly accused and
at the next tree or beam which' presented itself.
This was the invariable punishment of criminals
of all ranks ; although now it is out of use in
Germany, and the meanest criminals have the
honour of decapitation.' The youngest iudtre Gen
erally performed the office, which Was managed
with so much secrecy that the hangman was rare
ly known. The.crimcs taken cognizance ofJy
the luhrn Geridii, were chielly heresy, infidelity',
sacrilege, high treason, murder, incendiarism,
rapes, robber yVuiKl cutumacy lp the tribunal, its
Of the Iter. Mr. Wiur, of Serampore, (India,) before
the New-York Bible Society at its late annivt-rsan , con
cluded from oir last.
This idolatrous belief in the purifying na
ture of the Ganges, inculcated in the Shastcr,
leads multitudes, in a state of perfect health,
to cast themselves into the stream and perish.
Capu Pudner, a gentleman now in England,
saw sixjecn females, with pans of water hang
ing to their shoulders, sink in this river, in
one morning as he sat at his own windo w there.
They were assisted by the hramhuhs (the
priests) to climb over the side of the boat,
and held up in the water till they had them
selves filled the pans, and they then sunk, noth
ing but a few bubbles of water marking where
they had gone down. While Dr. Knhinson,
lately deceased at Calcutta, resided at the
same place, twelve men were immolated on
the same spot, and by a similar process. Our
own missionary "tlVere- Mr. MTntosTi, Tn bis
letters jo Serampore, frequently writes in the
most distressing manner-on the subject of
But there is something infinitely bevond all
this borrour something-which has no parallel in
the annals of time, nor among the most barbar
ous and savage tribes. The scalping by your In
dians is mere child's play, compared with the
burning.Qt the. Hindoo widow on the funeral pile.
uy an otuciai statement put into my hands m the
year 1818, and a copy-of --which I brought with
mc from India, ii .appears that in 181 5 between
4 and 500 females were burnt or buried alive in
the Presidency of Bengal alone ; lctween 5 and
6QO in liUfi, and -in 181 1 (only three years ago)
mere, were uo widows tnus roasted alive or bu-
in, a Air. n 1 i t
wic uucij svaicment. inn, sir, i nave no doubt,
but that these immolations were lar more nume
rous; that they were 1400, or perhaps 2800!
Is there any thing like this to be found amonest
all human records Llr.lcj w hat forest, sir ; amongst
what tribe of saa shall we go for scenes of
oiooa ana murder like these ! And yet these are
the mild and ufiocent sons of Brahme. I have
-seen three vlddws thus roasted alive ! But the"
impressions made upon the mind by the sight of
these horrible these most horrible pracVices
arealmost overwhelmuig otherwise I coukl hayc
been present at many of these immolations;- And
all inis proceeds from the Same; sacred. wiltihVs,
ascend, the shoOts of the mob. and the noise of
the drums, effectually drown the screams of the
poor- widow,' w ho- is thus - pursued to death w mVr
us little pity as -is Celt by V parcel ofrude bop
wnnc sioujng to ucam soinc noxious anicnai. i no
widows o! the weavers arc, when immolated, bu
t ied alive. Iu this case, a Urge grave is dug by
her relations; and, after the performance of cer
tain superstitious rites, the widow is let down in
to it, in the centre of which she sits, taking the
dead body on her lap, and inclosing it in her arms.
In this posture she sits, an unmoved, un remon
strating spectator, whilt her children and rela
tions throw in the earth, and while two of them
descending into the grave, trample it firm around
her. She sees iht earth ruing higher and high
er ; ti'l at length it reaches her head. All the
rest of the earth is then thrown hastily upon her,
and when the grave is full, these relations mount
to the top of it, uud tread the earth firm on tho
head of the suffocated victim ! Why, sir, one i
ready to ask, whether this is hell or earth ! And
yet all lhi is practised in the face of the whole
population ; and this is a part of the religion of
" Wliaf theh Is i the remedy for such a state of
society as this ? It is hoped that the British gov
ernment will ere long interpose an4 interdict
these horrible practices. But it is the introduc
tion of Christianity alone which can effectually
leach these people the 44 way of peace.". Jt1l in
itio dissemination of the Holy Scriptures, and by
the spread of the Gospel, that the Almighty will
le known in India as 44 the Father of the father-
lc s, and the Husband of the widow.
The Shaster is also the source of all those a
bominations connected with religious cere monies
whicli so much abound among the Hindoos. The
songs, the dances," exhibited at their religious fes
tivals, arc so impure that the very natives them
selves arc ashamed, when called upon to offer anv -apology
for them. Gopcl, a learned bramhun,
confessed to a friend of jnine,lha"t he was never -present
on these occasions without TnJing''hiai"
self behind a pillar of the temple. And yet this
is in, what is to them, the house of God; and
these are a pail of the services which they offer
to the deity 1 And thus that which should be the '
source of illumination, is the very element of
darkness ; that which should elevate, debases and
degrac.os, and that which should purify and save,
becomes the poison of the soul, and accelerates
Notwithstanding all the predictions of the en
emies of missions, who declared that their strong
holdi in India were invulnerable; that the Hin
doos, whatever other heathen might do, would
never renounce every thing for Christ and not-
w uhstanding all the real and most awful obstacles
in the way of the evangelization of this country
more than 600 Pagans have, in connexion with
one mission station only, renounced their goat
and bven brought to own the Redeemer the
Holy-Scriptures, in whole or m part, have been
translated and published at Serampore, in 25 of
the languages of India ; languages in which they
bad never before appeared, and one of them, the
Chinese, spoken by two hundred millions of men ;
.i o . - --- I!' .L.
mese .-scriptures are spreading a glorious iigm.
w here the v have been most-read ; andjny.Hlt)
dobs have been" converted, comforted in sickness --
and.. supported; in death by. their perusal more .....
than buy of these converted pagans have become
Christian teachers twenty., thousand . -heathen
children attend the schools established by Chris
tians, in India i and now a new collegeis IbuwP
ingltrSerumpcre, that the converted natives may
themsplves, under the Great Head of the church,
become the -Evangelists ot Chi Lt, afld the Sa
viours of their country. .
I have every reason, sir, to-bc grateful for the
very kind manner in which I have been rcceivcu
in the United States, and particularly in New
York. The support which I have begun to res
ize here, in reference "to tlve Native Missionary
Cple&er. It wasjQ be
expected, that in a land where ChrTstliuity h.i
been pouring forth her chorcst treasures, sue!',
a heart h
150 millions cannot be heanf without the deepest
sympathy, wheieVer the. worth' of the Immoral
mind, 'and .of the everlasting Gospel is felt. I V
there in ahy one country beside,.Chinu excepted. .
such a wreck, such a ruin as this ? One hundred"
and fifty millions! Anl . 1hw slumld the wants
of such a population, the 'individual insiriidio" ol
all these miliions, be met by foreigners, sup'ort
ed by public contribut iou ?. No, sir, l'".1'
only attalii a b.igheicivilizatipii, aiid a saying idu
imnatron, by t.h.e grace, the gifts, and the exet -
uor.s ci its own renoyatd population?,.
in (,fsn... Genius is tlic iriltot'lhc De'.U :tr!mV;f. frnm tK i . ' ' i ... - ' . n