n nude I' in thief of
ilry, h still mentioned as t
the army nf It -ly. - ,
iiAMfltnoii. i-ov. 3!r 1 he post from Ccpcn.
Jngcii ha this" iiioutcnt arrived. There han
been a great number of arrests In that capita!
and among others, several persons cf gre&t con
refjuriiccY Their object! appeur to hate been
that or obtaining a new constitution, and I epic
tentative government. o'l'C Hvei were lou.
when the instigator were arretted by the police
but, at the leeling In general, throughout Copen
hagen and the whole of Denmark it In favor ol
a new constitut.-n, no doubt is entertained but
that It will ultimateljj granted o tho people.
SAIJSnUHV, (N. C.) TUESDAY, FF.n. 20, 1821.
A Farm" W received, and shall appear in ip next.
44 Edwin, the muse's waiting boy," is under considera
We deem it unnecessary to agitate thirties
tion any more at present ; or at most, to touch
upon it only occasionally. It Is not necessary for
exciting the public mind ; for it is already exci
ted : It is not necessary to convince our oppres
sors in the ICast ; for no arguments, however
sound ; no facts, however well substantiated,
however undeniable, even did they flash con vie
tion on the mind, as if " written with a sun
Scum," would induce them to acknowledge their
injustice, or incline them, to turn a favorable car
to our complaints. Enough, and more than
enough hat already been said ; should little, there
fore, be said, for some months to come, let it not
be supposed it is because we are disheartened, or
lejs inclined to demand our rights than hereto
fore; for such is not the case. Time will de
velope the spirit and resources of the West, phys
. ical as well as moral, if necessary.
At the next General Assembly the subject will
again be introduced, and, if unsuccessful, we will
' jiot say it will, but we will go so far as to say, it
' -inaile the latt time. The western people will
' '.tiftn assemble in Convention ; but not at ftaleigh :
ifhty ,willdo themselves that justice which they
in- vain asked fronv-oihers : And -more than
- thisr they will support that constitution for which
-the eastern " aristocracy feel such reverence but
."' which they violate tt. e. the spirit of it) from year
" to year without the least hesitation : For the ven
erable patriots who penned that instrument, lit
tle expected that the sanction of that, of their
tames, or of their conduct, would be given to
oppression of any kind, and particularly of that
which we complain of, and against which they
were then struggling. The " Declaration of
"Wghts," whjch they appended to the constitu
tiorii proves that were they now alive, they would
,as boldly and promptly resist the unjust domina
tion of the East, as they did the arbitrary and ty
rannical power of England, in our war for na
tiorial Independence. Hut we have extended our
remarks, shot t as they are, to a greater length
than we intended. When the. proper time ar
1 rive then this subject will receive a full, and
probably a final, discusfon.
--Thc present session Congress, to far, lias produced
Kttle of utRcTudlity, and nothing worthy of that char-
i t 1 . 1 .
... acier ana wientwmcou
of f great nation. TUjry found the Treasury in i a bad
v condition ; and all that n be asked of them now js, that
thev will not, leave fCt$ a worse Tone. 1 hey have indeed
heen devising a . Jjstemtff economy and retrenchment ;
-butt ft iswcrdy a vienv-aiulaJlH;gjafly-4)fte.oaiThi;
bin for reducing the amyrhichhs ipassed the House
of Representatives, is one of th means hit upon fur cur-
- tailing the public expenditures; but it is a measure of
vtry doubtful policy and uncertain issue. It may save
the nation a few .thousand dollars just at this time, and
that is the most that can be hoped from it. But it is only
. accessary to refer to the late war, to siiqwujs ..A'eafrftqgt
certain evils that will flow from it ; and should it finally
become a law, these evils may.be written in characters of
The Missouri Qacstion, like an incubus, seems to par-;
':.wW'xUmw legislature -;
ery thing must give way to it.' A sickly humanity, a pre
posterous regard for the rights of a few free negroes,
which have not been infringed on, must be ostentatiously
displayed and indulged, at" the expense, perhaps, of mill,
ions of free-born Americans, at the risk of a dissolution
of the Union. The bright prospects which arc opening
on our country, must be blasted ; the high destinies which
await this nation, if it remain united, must' all. be relin
quished; and for what? For the Sake of humanity ? No.
Of liberty ? No. Of -reBgiuii'f ''Ku. " It h -for .none of
; these ! J But, for the sake of sectivnal aggrandittfheiit, oi
an unchastened ambition ! . Thi3 we believedo be th.true
Many, we have no doubt.are hunest m thur op-
rf Lulr di-nU tl.t Mhtr, s:id I.'i'.m: th; rr.ont prr.jr.incM
'.w.'llii,lli:t!4, C UK; dot the ll Stt kl'HUt tl.C T'-t lf tliC
frtt Utltsi Uuy expect tohc tin "niasitr spin', ail
to tide on the tthirUiiKl and dtrcct the norm." Our
only hope of a happy iuHie to this ditMctiiig, this omi
nous qucntion, is in the gol sense and iuuli'gcnce.of
the great body of the jwopJc, Uuy ill view the sub.
jret through a t iVr mrtlium, srwl, e believe, lct
corrtctly. 1 ln y ft-vl tbtt value of the Union, and tlu-j
will cling to it t 'lliey know that in that aiout Is safety..
. wasmVoTovi rr.n. 1
The bill to incorporate the Columbia College,
Irnhe District of Columbia haviiis previously
pushed the Senate yesterday finally p4sed .the
House"of"Heprcsrntatives,'8nd wants only the
slgnuturc of the President to become a law. It
is not probable that this sanction will be withheld.
This Institution may therefore be said to" have a
legal existence among us. Asa means of en
couragtiig learning-generally ,"and ai anbrtling
the meVns of Inktrucling youth within the Dis
trict, the establishment of this" College would
have been hailed wi'.h unmixed pleasure, but for
two objections which have !ecn raised to it.
One of these objections icferred to its otiIn.
The first sugeMion of the project came from the
ftaptiit Association at Phil.tdclpl.ij, and the ori
ginal intention was certainly to establish a Semi
nary for theological instruction and for the edu
cation of Missionaries. That design, however,
in the progress of experiment, was abandoned,
and in the act which has passed there is not only
n religious discrimination, in its conductors or
in ita objects, but such discrimination is in terms
guarded against, and is further excluded by the
power, retained by Congress, of annulling the
charter at pleasure.
The second objection was to the details of the
organization of the College, as not being on that
scale which Congress ought to provide in a
College to be established at the seat of govern
ment. It is conceded, that this College is not
Such an institution as we should wish the Univer
sity of the Metropolis lobe. It Is probable, Thad
the people of the District been generally consul
ted, it would have been differently constituted.
Hut there is In it nothing exclusive. We have
seen that Congress will not establish a National
University; and it is to individual funds and indi
vidual enterprise that, for a time at least, system
atic education must be confided. If, in its pro
gress, this Institution be not generally approved,
rival Institutions will spring up, if the same zeal
can be embodied to rear them in the face of every
difficulty, as has been discovered by the fathers of
On the whole- though this Institution may be
under the general direction of persons of a par
ticular religious denomination, we trust it will
be found to be under the management of liberal
as well as learned Professors, and that we shall
TV ft " lt -- .' "t-fl -' r
oe tune to give to ine mpusis an ine nonour oi
having established it, without the least apprehen
sion of its being devoted to sectarian purposes.
box t9e raoriDEircE a. i. joraxis.
The Weather. Qx Friday morning, 19th ult.
the mercury of the thermometer was as low as
U degrees below zero. Several thermometers
exposed to a northern aspect, ranged as low as
18 and 20 degrees below zero. This depression
of the mercury indicates an intensity of cold,
which, from any iccord of the weather we have
seen, has never been surpassed in this town.
Early in the morning, the air was perfectly still,
but its keenness rendered a few moments expo
sure to it extremely painful. Tears were invol
untarily caused to start into the eyes, and the
breath immediately after being exposed, was con
gealed upon the eye brows, hair and clothes, whit
ening them with frosty particles. I rom those
parts of the river, which, from the rapidity of the
currents, were only partially frozen, such dense
volumes of vapour arose, that they occasioned a
thick fog to hang over the adjacent parts of the
town. On Market-street an object could not be
discerned at a greater distance than ten or twelve
feet. The columns of smoke had a most beau
tiful appearance, as. tlicy rose from the chimney
tops, dark and massive, with their edges splen
didly giltled by t he beiims ofthe rising sun .
have-often read accounts of the splitting of trunks
of trees, in more northerly latitudes, from the
sc verity. Qh ecold, . but an instance" of it never
came within our notice, until, on Friday morning
On W.ncidiy, Cornell.! White, and Catha
rine I.U wife, cre taken into custody, r.n sus
;i.ioti cf havinjj set lire to the bou.c No. ?0
Front-street, which bccasMicd the coiiflji-rati.in
m that morning. Yesterday they wcie exam
ined before the police tnaiitratcs, and stub
strong evidence appearing tgaiiut them, they
erc fully commit. cd for trial.
The following account of the EastlndhSquash,
says the Georgetown (Kentucky) Vap taken
from the notes of an ollker attached t tlx Yellow
itonc expcdition,waj furnished uyay friend fur
ullicatiotiT - "!-:
-VA'Wof y- cf Ih liatt.Iudla. iitiix .iiy uatfu.
Cartip Council niuiT, Oct. 10, 1S20.
In the year 1819, Capt. Hliis,of the U. 8. army,
brwighfthfee seeds to tUrpIaceT which he pro
cured from his brother, who bruirght them from
the F-st'lndics toNew-Yoik... Thev ncre plnt
ed by Lieut. Shrhnon, in the ipi in'of : t S2U.
Two cf the seeds were planted in a bottom, which
were destroyed by the inundation ; one was for
tunately planted on an elevated spot of ground,
and flourished ; it spread over alout half an acre
of ground, and would have sptead much farther,
but was prevented by lopping the extremities of
the vine. It produced forty. two squashes, i he
general size of them was twenty inches in length,
and four feet nine inches in circumference-
last, this occurred in a large pear tree, which
cracked open to the centre, with a loud report,
und. disclosed a longitudinal fissure sufficiently
wide to admit the finger. After the sun had grad
ually dispersed the vapours, the air appeared full
of little floating spicula of glitteringfrost. From
the calmness of the air,.the cod on Friday morn
ing did not so sensibly aflect the feelings, as it
did on the day emphatically called the cold Fri
day," hut, as indicated by the thermometer, it
was three degrees colder ; - '
" ; NORFOLK, JAN. 22.
The brig Nautilus, Captain Blair, chartered by
the government to convejr the agents, and a num
ber of new members, to join the African CoToriy
at JShcrbm, ...on the, fiican coast, got undejr
weigh yesterday morning, and went down to
Hjmpton Roads. The agents and colonists
went down in apilot-boat, about o'clock'. They
weie attended to the boat by the Clergy, a num-
1er of resnectable ciiizens, and many others who
were attracted by curiosity, to witness the depar
ture of this worthy liitle bind.' The -parting'
scene, after the blessings ot. heaven being invo
Tnaintj. 4iv,adnii14'4ion. tif lUHatturi into'thflL'nioti.'
JU.VK OF Tim U.YIT2D STATES,
. J ANi'A&v 23, 1821.
At a meeting of the President and Directors
of the Dank of the United States, held this day,
the following report was adopted, and ordered to
be printed, viz :
1 he committee on the state of the bunk, to
whom was referred the inquiry, whether, on the
first day of January, 1 82 1," the losses of the bank
had been restored, and the capital made whole,
That they have diligently examined the docu
ments in possession of the bank,; with iMicw to
ascertain the exact situation of the institution,
and now present, as a part of this report, a state'
ment of the losses' which have occurred in the
various departments of the instituiion, up to the
first day of January last.
This statement is founded on returns received
from the offices, made at the desire of this board,
and under the inspection of the officers and com
mittees of the various boards, who were specially
instructed to report on the character of (he debts
due to the offices over which they presided.
These reports are from all but the five west
ern offices, and are dated in June and December,'
1820, and contain a specification of all debts due
-at euth office, under the title of "--good,' 4 doubt
ful,' or bad. V
J he, losses in the western offices of Pittsburgh,
Childcotbe, Cincinnati, Lexington, and Louis
ville, are takcr:o-the report of "Mr.'' 'Wilson','
Cashier, made on the 25th of December last, to
this board, on his return from an inspection into
the affuiis of those olfitcs. On the accuracy of
which report your committee place great con
fidence. On this documentary evidence, your commit
tee report the losses oi the bunk, and its various
departments, on the Cist of January, 18 J I, to be
b 3,522,476 13.
And to make good that loss, the following
items are to be iclitd on ;
The balance of profit and loss, as stated
by the Lit dividend comniitUc, und
now to the credit ot that account n
the books of the bank
Contingent interest due from certain
banks, as credited in the bank state
ment Amount of interest due on good but sus
pended debts due at bank and the of
fices, according to the estimate made
by the Cashier and assistant Cashier, 129,32.3 31
And this amount of the arrear of interest
due on loans on stock of the bank,
which mtvy bo considered as scum-d
by the excesa which the stock would
bring above its par value say on
42,0SU slurcsat 4 dollars amount lfft,200
Forming a total of ........ 3,74671 32
and being an- excess beyond the asci rtained. loss of
223,593 dollars 1& cents. ..
... In.the piececlirig estimate of means to cover
the losses of the bank, the committee; have omit
ted to introduce the earnings of the offices for
tlie-jnontn oi uecemoer, as wen as a considera
ble arrear of interest on debts deemed clouhTfuTi
but which hereafter may yield a considerable
".'These facts, therefore, in the opinion of the
committee, show thai the past losses of the bank
have been repaired, and that the capital was re
established and made vhcle on the first day pf
JaffUaTjrldfst.''And-ther -committee arc oLopiu?
ion that it is due to the public -and the stock
holders, on the part of the board, to. declare Ui
opinion, jn order that the state of the institution
may not remain a suojeci oi psuniui uoum among
ihose who-ar jiowM
and misrepresentation, as it regards those who
may desire to become interested. - In order,
however, .to give full information, and not to ex
cite too sanguine expectations of the future prof
its of the institution, it is fit to remark, that these
will necessarily be lessened for some time by the
present stagnant state of commerce, which pre
vents, the bank, from emplovmg its large capit!
advantageously, and by the Let, that tj.c- ii.te! est
oh considerable sums which are due to the br.i.k,
though deemed secbre, is not eun critly paid,and
therefore cannot oe considered a .uro:;t on wimui
dividends may be declared,
presslons and circumstances,
?:.'.'. j, Thati'b llc opinion cf the LoarJi '
the hi:,c of the bank plcvimiMy su.t-incJ ero
repaired, aU that the Capital stock was re es!tb
lifted and nudo whole, on the 1st of Jj'n. I8JI.
JUtjlVi-d, That, In future, tnd until the further
M-dcr of the bti.ird, the bank will huu, and that
the offices he authorised to loan, at the discr etion
.tnd convenience of the respective boards, on a
pledge of the capital stik, to the amount of the
par value thereof ; but in no me, and under no
mich pledge,above that rate. - .
( - f ' -A- . .. ' !- CURVES, PrcMeiJ.
AtteaU...Tar Wf raoo; CahLr, ; i - ,
A northe n paper states, that the Ice formed
jit-the foot orKMgara-4'alU, Uie (toiled. tahtt..
within twenty feet as Ugh as Table Tlock.- If
this he d ue, the, thickness of the ice is about one
hundied and twenty feet.
A Quelle paper states. that. aLUI Jf.fo le in- ...
froduied into the houe of assembly, to disqualify
AwyrriTfrorn IiMing a seat In the house" of as"
senibly of Lower Canada.
The name fixed on by the legislature of tho
State of Indiana for the permanent scat of go
vernmcnt is Indianoftnlit.
In this town, on the Uih hut. Mat JPCiv, aged 17
In Iredell county, on flic 29th of Jan. Tliomai Murray,
an old man, well known in that county and part of Row
an. Few men had drank morewhukcy'than"Te"." He
was assisting Jumt l'ht a neighbor, to raise some
nmall buildiit) on tlie 27th, and being lively with wli'ii
key, jw w a hi Luidlonl alio, dispute arose between
them about some song inspired by whi.kcy ; Wools
made at Murray, who was on the bed, snd whs avoided
him as w ell as he coulJ : Woods drew him off the bc!.
ami gav c him a blow or two, and one or two kick, w hich
are supposed to hav e occasioned his death.
roasnerco wtcKiv mom ths rmmmu onmi.
S 3,.l5fi,787 50
xtFumi -M7V Quantity Frum To
MERCHANDIZE. rtlUj D c c
llucon ' ' Ik S f
Ueef, men ... 8
fresh .-- 3" S
rteciwitx ... 2i J()
Iirandv, Cop. - - gal. 2 2 2,
' lVa.h 50 60
Apple - . - 4. 50
Butter .... lb. 12 15
Coflce .... 30 32
Corn - - bush. 40 50
Cotton, t'pland - 100 lb. U H 25
Flour, superfine - - bbl. 3 624
fine ... 3 25 3 50
Flax seed " - - ' - tush. I 10 1 15
Cln; Holland1 : " V- '-V- ::ga!. 125
Nortlicrn - - 60 70
Hog's lard .... lb. 8 10
lronr Swcdii.li - - 100 lb. 5 75 6
P.ulish ... 56
Lend .... lb. 0 10
Molasses ... pi. 33 42
Oat .... bush. 30 40
Pork - - - - 100 lb. 3 50 4
Potatoes, Irish - - btisli. SO 60
Hum, .hmaira, 4th proof - gal. 125 135
Y. Island, 4th do. .
do. 3d do. - 90
N'cw.F.ngland 45 50
Wice .... 100 lb. 4 5
Salt, Turks-Island - - bush. 5 90
I.iv-rpool ground 90 1
Steel, tJcrman - - lb. 18 - 20
blistered - - 12 14
Sugar, Muscovado - - 100 lb. 10 -r 11
laf ,- - . lb. 24 2ft'
Tea, Younff llvson - 1 12J 1 25
Ilvson "... 1 20 1 40
In.prrlid - 1 75 2
r.unpuwdcr - - 1 50 1 75
Tobat.u, leaf - . 100 lb. 4 50 5
manufactured - lb. 10 12
Tullow .... 15 1G
Wheat - - bnsh. 50 60
Whiskey ... gal. 40. 45
AN.aclive ami intelligent lack 14 or 15 years of age,
as an apprentice to the I'rintlnir Uiisincsi. One' of
correct mor.il and indiistrio'ns habits, and who can come
well recommended, will meet with suitable encourage
ment by applying at this office.
STATE OF NOim.-CAROIJNA,
JANTAKV Sessions, 1821. John Phifer ft. the heirs
at law of Martha Hoss, deceased i petition for parti- ,t
tion of real estate, filed. It appearing to the sa'JsfarUon
of the court that some of the heir.t law of Martha Kosa
reside withont the lhnits of this state, it is therefore or
dered by the court, that publication be made for six ,
weeks in tlic Western Carolinian, for the said heirs to
appear ;at tbeitcrtematof Hew wMiaiurtet Sessions
to beheld for the county of OalKirnis, at the court-house
in Concord, on k the third . Momlny in April nextahd
plead, answer, of demur to said "petition, otfierwise"it will
be takn)-iw mHfcmyim uhm.J.MhiJJfa
Clerk of our said cour at Concord, the third Monday iii "
637 r JOHN, TJLVVIS, C. C. C. C.
STATE OF NOKTU-CAROLLM.
flOURTof fleas and Quarter Sessions, J.irmary term,
1 81 . Thomas W. Wilson . John Hoots 'origihal '
.vttaclinii nt, summons William Powell as garnishee. : li
appearing to the satisfaction of the conrt that John Hoon
is not an inhabitant of this state, it js, ordered, that pub
licatioirbcMade for three months in tnc Western Caro
linian, i'or f.if defendant toronie in at next court, to be
held on tl.e last Montlav of Anril "for this cwmty, and
f ilt.ffjrsivw ?r, r demuc. to said suit, or judgrnent by dc-
ked ati then ua trulv'affectincand called forth
.tbe.ccrrtre ie-j Copy frcai the minutes. rt45 .
- a-.. ut,:..3