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Jl-R.MS!ICD BV KUIDHK tLVCIIAM.
Ttie WciTcif Ciauuwun it pubLihcd every Tucs-
' . Juv, at TIIIMIK DOIXAttS per annum, payable itmi.
annually In mlvanrf.
, . ffj'Ko paper ill be tliirontimict! until ull arrearage
arc paid, miLwi at (lie dWretion of Uic editors
ZT""TVhoccr win become frionibre for UTiTpuymeuToT
bine paper?, jluU receive i tc nth gmiii, "
AbfiarutvMT wilt te Inserted on the cmfomury
linn. ,Prroiu ending In Advcrtlacmen!', nmt
Ipccifythe number if times they wish thcmtnsr Hcd, tr
" they ' in be continue d tm ofdefed outrand 'charged 'kev
No advirtincment inserted until it hua been paid for,
t r it payment aMtimed by itotnc person in thiatown, or
it vicinity. 'a.V"-
Cj'AH lexers to the editors must be oW-i, or tiny
vviH not he attendod to.
fllHE connexion formerly eitin between the Tni
1. tee of SUlevillc Academy and the inWriler
Tmlier. hdnjf dissolved, parents and puardian rc
hereby informed, that the dillc-rcnt branches heretofore
laujrht in thu Academy, he will null continue to teucli in
li auiublu Iioumc prepared for th'.j purpeHc. The iati
taction which the riiachare of bin office ha jriveti dur
ing the term of five year, and the rcsjeetublc btaixlin"
if hi students in thu (liferent higher leminariei w hich
tlicy have entered, aTord a well uTounded lkope that the
tlnicd libcnd support and encouragement uill becontiu
itcd. larcnt aitd ptardianit may rent aiumn d, that tv.
ry iimmwry attention will be paid to the deportment,
t'le projrreaa and accuracy of pupil.
ltie achool commenced on the firat of the present
"month. To accommodate the pcople of South-Carolina,
v how patronage baa been liberal, there will be but one
vacation in the year : the f.rat VkCVjon to commence the
18th Docembtr, 1821.
Boarding can be had, as usual, at the houses of r-Mrs.
iVoik, McKnigtit, and liart, &x. JOHN MUSI1AT.
Hail! firat of Artai awirccrlomf rtfc cnaci
l'riile of the laud, and patron of the Mra.
' IIWtTBE IMXaiClf ICITIStL.
I aru sorry that there h'so inuch need of the
adnioiiiiiona I im about to give. Depend on it,
you do not ' wjrk it right ' or you would make
your fjrms and stocks twice as ptofitublc jllicy
now ate. Many of you farm loo much. You
would find it much more profitable to farm twen
ty acres well, than forty by halves. The lait
season, I made ground produce ut the rate of
mc hundred bushels of IndiuH corn to the nct e.
Is not this much letter than a rominon crop of
30 or 40 bushels ? Yoit will moat certainly suy
it is, and with the same breath ask luiw I man
age to make it produce so plentifully ' Myground
being much infested with ground mice or moles,
and also overrun with grub and other vermin, I
put on, early in, the month of Mirch about sev
en bushels of salt to the acre, why.h destroy s all
kind of vermiri, b'eiiv, un excellent Mrong ma
nure ; early in April, I gave it a good coat of sta
ble rbanurti and ploughed and woikcd the ground
otrerraTldDTfrf until it becams completely mcl
lowi I thea had every corn hoje Gllcd with hog
y. D. From the inexperience of outh, it often hap-! manure, ana alter dropping my corn, w i.icn iiaa
pens they arc too easily led into habitj of eximaguwf. ! )ccn previously soaked in warm water,) I scatter
lit theae they too successfully indulfirv, notwithstaiMhng .....
the care and igibnee of the teacher and trac es. The j cd a pint of June over every hi!!, and then cov
. teacher, especially, snflem the bhuuc, although errors of ;erotl the whole with a little mcllo-.v e;irth. In
ims Kinaue comnuueu wiuioui ins knowledge aim per
about one week the corn began to come up plen
tifully, after w hich I nursed it well with the plough
and hoc every other week for tight weeks, at
which time it was as high as my head, and not a
spire of it vas destroyed cither by the frost, grub
or birds. My other things I matured aad nursed
equally as well, and I have been amply paid for
all my extra care and trouble, as I ried more
than twice as much per acre as any of my neigh
bors, and did it in much less time. I mean I got
all my harvesting done two or three weeks before
many others. This is accomplished in a great
measure by redeeming time ; rising between 3
and 4 o'clock in the morning ; then if the day
be very sultry and hot, I lie by from 1- to 3, and
then I feel refreshed and able to go to work
TIOlTBALfc the nremiaca situated on the corner of ! iintil riiiite diii k. This I call 4 wsr.kritr it risht'
' ? f hi-w v.S ! Whereas, should I lay it bed until the sun be up
Camden, S. Carolina, rccenuy occupied by S . aug-han, 7 1
anu amine me, nr.uni me lavcrns ai nij;nT, orinK ioq
much whiskey, but half manure, half plough,
mission.. Aware of, this, and at the same time desirous
; io Miora every rcaaonauie aecumy 10 parcms anu tniar-
dlana, the following rales lifl be strictly attended to :
..' Every student Hall jbe confte4 to one narticukr toro
for the purcliase of those articles of which lie may s'aud
in need hisaccotmtm awjd store to be carefully exunii-
- ncd once in evrv monw -
- -Nc sbulenl a&all be 'permitted to phy at unlawful
gaiMa, sot indulge in th use of anient apii-Us -f and to
" prevent Uieae cy4 their accounts in taverns shall be ex--I-
tmincd and a rcpoit obtained from the owners of boar
din g houses 'respecting the conduct of their boarders,
. once In every month.
; These and the oilier regulation cf the school will be
carried into execution by the following gentlemen : Col-
. Richard Allison,-Dr. Joseph Guv, Rev. Dr. SlcKee, Rob
ert Worke, Esq. Wm. McMnignt, Esq. Oen. (leorgc I..
Uavidson, John Uuggins, Esq. Capt. Alexander Dunlap,
Thomas Allison. . J. M.
To IloaT&ius-YIoiisfc dut lotc
Esq. lliey are cloao to the Public OfRces, and would
be. well suited for cither a Private Hotel, or a Boawlinjr
House, A frame : is now readjjtd be erected, so' as to
aHbrd every possible facifity to a purchaser who has either-of
-those objects in view. - The whole propertx,
whoving three fronts, with every necessary out-buiMing',
and among tliem an excellent brick Stonshou!:, Smoke
housc, Sec would be sold on favorable nns. Apply on
the premises. ..
' Vumdea, S. C. tick 1 1, l620,-r7-6w33
N. BrCood paper would b e' ' ' ert in lament.
. ' -asao, V !..''
A tract of 250 acres of JLAND, wUhin tliroe miles of
chaser of tbe above propeitJ'lppQrtts anove.
III R subscriber takes 1 this mcthol of informing his
friends, and the puldic m e;cnervl,t!athc li: ejtab-
Arshc4.1umieLlCjQie.bvitis4'f(nherly occupied by the
tter. PeterEaiton; Inf tie Town of Huntsville, St rrv
count?, NorjthjCsroIinai atU 'bias been at coiMiderubh;
I f .1 II. 1 L,l ...1 1'..
bhvfor the receptbn of Traveller audjall who may fa
vor him with their custom! HwSidcb6arl Is provided
with Liquors of the best cjualityaiKl Stabl:s with
every thing requisiie for Horses; nd hopes, by particu
hr attention, to merit a share of public patronage.
ju m poiai n ej oiait.
ftwtinim, 'Dee. 17, 1820. 3Qtf:-. . ; c ;
N. B.- The 8sibscriber continues to eaii-yaJJutoi;
!riet Butinenik ami will execute all olMurs with neatness
" ;ud despatch, forcash, credit, or country produce.
. ! . r-'i .' -
, 1 . 11 1 1 " . , V " - 'U u t v.
I'IE subscriber fa now, opeiiiMg, at his Store in .VVs
1 burvt a general and well selected assortment of
. Dry Ccdey,
- IJardJarcftind ri '-,
Just received direct-, from Ncw-Voik and Philadelphia,
. and laid in sit prices thai will enablejhiiii to sell. remark--
ivhly law. ' Hi's ftstomt-rs, aiul-trietiblic;' iitt rtspeci
ftillv iinjifd to call and examine for themselves.. All
kiii'ls of c:onntiv Produce' recei ed in exchange.
Dec. I2,18ax la2r . J. Ml 1RPHY-.
aU Rank Xoravor.u;
llAtKi!t 2d.lAft'4Rr, 181:1. -
KSOLVED, Thnt the debtors to Ibis Bank and its
Branchrs, be.remured to nav inbtitlments of ojie.
t;nt!i ot thei.v rcspcctiK' ncMa (riTenov;il, alter the 'J'Ah
half harvest, and do every thin -lse by halves,
I surely should not work it r'j.',' nor get half
I shall now concjude by giving you, for further
consideration, a few excellent observations, from
a wiser head, perhaps, than my own, by which I
shall, endeavor to improve myself, and hope every
brother farmer will dd likewiseV viz. -;
" I often say to myself, what a pity it is our fov
mtv.ft.M.9mp.QrkJtrisftt.,.Ayh I see. a man
turn his cattle into the road t run at large, and
waste their wtfung;, bira wintcrs day, I say this
man does not e:rwrtit right. Ten loads of good
manure, at least, is lost in a season, by this slov
enly practice and all for what ? For nothing
indeed but to ruin(his farm.
So when I sec cattle late in the fdi-w early in
the spVing n a meadow or mowing field, pouch
lug the soil, and breaking the grass roots, I say
to jnyself, this man dues hot work it right.
So when I see a ban1) yard, with a drain to it,
I say ;he owner docs not work it right, for how
easy i it to make a y aril "hollowvor lowest fn the
middle,. tq ree.ehe urine andl Ihe wsrney:amtaTy pjwhion, failed, it .wo
r for the cat- 8eemi Pan,y iron an apprcnension oi tne
the sides, which will be thus kept dry for
l!c. The wash and urine of the yard mixed with
any kind of cat th, or putrid straw, Is excellent
manure ; yet how TtiuChdot farmers los0 by
neglecting, these ' things j in. fact,., they da not
iL'ork it right. ' ,
When I see a Farmer,, often going to the re
toiler's store, with a bottle or jug, lounging about
a tavern, or wrangling about politics or quarrel
ing with, arid, defaminghb neigh'bor's fjood name,
I afct ecltain SUch a tnan does not work it right."
A PENNSYLVANIA- FAiniZU.
tot TBI WtiTina caaauaut,
Tic Cu)....i).,Y .
riioiiHi they bejjtr so rlJieuloisl .
"N'yret"tLcra be unnuiil, tt are follo7j.
- -- - -v nana nit-
There is, perhaps, no nation in the world
better skilled in the theoretical principles ol
economjrrthsn"thew United State yet'wt
know-of 'rirj people" m
in its practical branches. In order to con
vince the most Incredulous of this truth,
nothing more is necessary than thtfuse of his
eyes. Let him visit the fashionable or un
fashionable assemblies, and there view the
unbounded and ridiculous extravagance which
is exhibited by almost every grade of persons.
There he will see the beaux and belles, cap-:i-pie....yes,
and the dandies, the fashir ta
able lad. -strutting to and fro ai sulf as
w hale-bone ! with their snck pantaloons,
drawn tip to their arms, and there fastened
with ihoe b'lciles, and their pretty vests, not
more than a span long, with a store of spark
ling buttons on them ! These are the lads
that please the ladies ! And, indeed, they
are well calculated to please persons of the
other sex, particularly such as arc delighted
with puppet a hows, llut the ladies, we fear,
will not-rclish it so well, when they are infor
med that their favorites, the dandies, have
adopted their fashion of wearing corsets!
this is evidently the case, as it may be ascer
tained from the stiffness of their joints, if
they have any.
The costume of the fair ones Is almost as
ridiculous as that of the gentlemen dandies i
Their huge bonnets very often frighten the
domestic cart hone; and it is with the utmost
difficulty their pretty faces can be seen. Ay,
and the little girls too, may be seen running
through the streets, with a huge top-knot on
their heads, and their large merino shawls
sweeping through the streets; the whole re
sembling the mountain in labor ! And, be
sides, the satins, canton crapes, &tc &c. which
we shall ur die present pass by.
iMany persons thus absoibed in the fash
ions of the times, which are as ridiculous as
unnecessary, cannot, with all their industry,
discharge their merchant's bill annually ; yet
they live as though their income exceeded
"ten thousand pounds a year." Such super
fluous and injurious pride is naturally calcula
ted to enlist our feelings in favor of that wise
and prudent economy which characterised our
fathers, and'which is illustrated in the follow
ing lines :
" I am a true laborer. I earn what I eat j pet that I
" wear ; ouc no nun hate, envy iuiiiHiiMiu;iuc:iN; g-lod
"of other men's good, and content with my lium."
These lines, notwithstanding their rurd
simplicity, contain instruction worthy of the
attention of every American citizen: And if
the information which thev contain were view
ed as it should be, there is no doubt but dou
ble the real happiness that is now experien
ced, would then be fully realized ; and the un
pleasant sound of hurd timesy which has been
so longrjingling in: our cars, wtdd vanish
from the world.
N. B. After the publication of the pre?-,
ent numberi the Cktb will be discontinued for
some tiine in consequence of a zoological
correspondence which we have commenced
with Dr. M of the north. One of the
ohjects of this correspondent
classification and nomenclature of which has,
we understand, been made by the learned
rom the westeux ciroukuhv '
MtMsrs. Printers: An attempt which was
made at the last session of the General As
sembly of this State, to relieve that numer
ly from an opinion of the unconsiitutionality
of legislative interference. I am not dispo
sed to questibn either the humanity or -intel-
irge.neof ;h.taQmbk. AewWy ;lh,ut;lieii
a matter is before the publit, it is the privi
lege cSevery freemati to discuss it. Wheth
er the proposed remedy w4as expedient?
whether it was the best that could be devised ?
orAvhether any remedy butindustry and econ
omy in the great mass of the people can ef
fectually remedy our situation? are (juestio"s
. r ' J-
i '5 1 (
lure Attention, it will b found that nrytrm
porary nlicf muit he fa!I.iciotis ; that nothing
can be available to" the txt.r.t rtqu.'rtd by, the
times, but a nfonnaiicn In our ivsuai of
economy : in a word,-we-mujt sell more and"
can rationally hope to see better tixes.
It would seem, after having thus disposed
of this matter on the grouod of cjipcdjcncy
that 1 might excuse ruy self from-coi)iidcr in (;
its constitutionality ; but as my opinicu on that
parrot' the subject is in opposition to the dv
tisipn of the highest judicial authority in the
State, ns will as to the avowed sentiments of
some of the first law characters in the Assem
bly, it may, pciliapi, atnusc some of your rea
der to i oui pare the reasons that have inilu
end d my mind with the arguments that have
been used on the other side. The constitu
tion provides that no state shall pass any law1
impairing thc-obligaticn uf contracts. 'lite
pith cf the dispute is and must be, not what
impairs a contract, but what impairs the obli
gation of a contract ; and this must be deter
mined by defining what and wherein the ob
ligation of a contract consists. Now it ap
pears to me to consist in the sense wherein thu
obligor understands it at the time of entering
into the contract. An example will help us
to understand this definition: A note, with
proper endorsers, is negotiated at the Bank
of Salisbury, promising to pay a certaia sunt
ol money on a certain day; but. the under
standing of the obligor is, that if he pays on
the day mentioned, or within three days there
of, one-tenth of the sum, and gives a new
note, with su.'ficicnt endorsers, for the balance,
that he may have ninety days more to pay thu
remainder. Now what I say is, that the ob
ligation of the contract is the way in which
he understands it at the time of entering into
it. I should have added, however, that the?
obligee must have accepted of it in the same
sense ; which, indeed, is necessary to com
plete the definition, otherwise obligors would
be at liberty to feign an understanding of their
own to the injury of their creditors. Inquire
we'iheri what" this understanding and "accep
tance, in the ordinary transactions of life is,
and of course what the obligation of contracts
in those transactions consists in ? I take it to
consist in a mpral obligation on the promiser
to perform certain stipulations at a given day,
w ith an understanding on both sides that ipi
case he fails to perform, the law of the land)
shall coerce the performance. But as the law
depends on the Legislature, a body not with
in the control of the contracting parties, it is
straining the niatttcr rather too far to suppose
that either of them expected to influence thp
decisions of that body by their manuer of
making their agreement.. And, indeed, all
legislation on the subject implies a power of
regulating contracts, which must be a very
different thing from impairing their obliga
tion. Let us suppose a :ntract made prioi'
to any law on the subject ; and let us sup-
pose the obligor disregards the moral obliga-r
tion thereof : The creditor or obligee then,
applies -to the legislature to make, a law to
coerce the obnr, and m
his contract : may not the legislature circum
scribe and mark the bounds of relief that they
from time p,.timeralter,.,mo(Uf:&nc-diifer
riiestionabler Kas a right to fix;
the terms of liis favors; and as every law'. To.
enforce contracts is gratuitous, the legislature'
may, with great propriety, lay down the term$
on which the obligee may avail himself of the
law. If these principles are correct witbin
themselves, they are also sanctioned by nu
merous acts of the legislature of our own
state and, I presume, of all our sister states
The obligation of a contract, inthe very -nature
of the thing, must remain entire until .
the ' covenant or contra
sell your neighbor a watch, or any other ar-
ucie r.e promises you a speeuy payment $
expediency of the proposed remedy,, and parttiiut lie neglects it, and youjnegket to enforce
the paynaent for three years you then at
tempt it by law, and he pleads the statute of
limitations. , lias time impaired or removed
or does the;?tatu pi limitations impair the
obligation that binds, and must for ever hind,
the obligor to discharge hja debt ? Neither.
But you have not prosecuted the remedy
within the time wherein the law .extended its
force on "your side ; and now it leaves you ,
-with the obligation of the contract impaired,
indeed, but unenforced bv legislative jiro vi
sion. . It is in vain to attempt to elude the