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0 / 75
practice it an act of humanity ana must pro
ceed from a sympathy f feeling toward our
fellow beings. JJut are 'legislator!, for the
sake of humanity or for pretended humanity,
to enact laws which will tend to arrest the
common course of justice tnd give dishonest
debtors an opportunity of evading the pay
mcnt of their just debts ? And what, is the
fact with respect to the law now under con
sideration f It' is provided, (that, whenever
any debtor or debtors shall be taken by vir
tue i of any capias ad satisfaciendum, and shall
tender to the sheriff orothcr officer who tales
him or them, a bond with security in double
the sura of the debt, conditioned for his an
pcarance at the ensuing count)' court,irm6rc
thari twenty days previous to such court J and
if within twenty days, then to the next ensu
ing county court, there to surrender a schedule
of his property; 6t if he hiVnoneftb taVe ; the
oath prescribed for insolvent debtors. Thus
giving to a debtor three months and twenty
. days in some instances to dispose of his prop
erty and to pay over the proceeds to tome
other creditor : or, if he is so disposed, to
conceal his property, so that it may not be
found. For have we not abundant proofs to
shew that some men are base enough to con
ceil property, and then go into a court of jus
tice and swear that they have none ? This is
a melancholy consideration, but it is a fact
which cannot be denied, and which it can,
thi refore, not be amiss to guard against, ilut
on the other hand, a man may dispose of all
his property and pay the proceeds to some
one else to whom he is indebted at that time,
or he may, being at liberty all this time, vest
a very considerable portion of it in such art
'." ides which the law cannot claim;1 For in the
first place, the oath prescribed for insolvent
debtors does not oblige them to swear that
thry have not defrauded that creditor at whose
ins't ince they are then taken ; it only requires
them to swear that they have not concealed
any of their property, or conveyed it away in
trust to any person whereby to defraud any of
their creditors ; or, in other words, that they
do not hold property and have debts unpaid.
And who does not know how much debtors
are exasperated, when they are sued for mon
ey, against the particular person at whose in
stance they are sued ? Nay, some men are
so obstinate, as that they would do almost any
thing to avoid paying such debts. And how
many such characters are there, against whom
11 Dccomes necessary 10 proccea in ins way,
who have a, number of other unpaid debts,
and which they would much rather pay vol
untarily, than to gratify him who,- as they
conceive, has so highly insulted them as to
sue them for money. And again, being at
liberty all this time, they can make their own
bargain, by which they will have it in their
power to sell off all they have privately, and
to vest a very considerable sum in a bed, fire
arms and working tools, which the law cannot
take. And thus, I will veuture to say, that
nine times out of ten, the law will be evaded
and the most penetrating vigilance of creditors
and officers eluded.
It is, however, provided, that when fraud
shall be suggested, an issue shall be made up
and submitted to a jury for investigation. One
of" the quaintest fictions, perhaps, that ever
found its way into any system or code of laws
that had any pretence to wisdom of design,
or efficacy in effect. How, in the name of
, common sense, will you suggest fraud, unless
you know of its existence? And how will
you come to the knowledge of its existence
when; pwhapsjjitis concealed in a spot where
human eye never penetrated, except the eye
of him who perpetrated the deed ? In short,
it is impossible to guard .against impositions
of this kind, Under the present law. And,
"rV. J:f5Iv,"Dv tate u as iistanus, it is a re
ry vague and defective one ; and I most sin
the form of a declaration of war against Ansiria C. That they coniiJfr it as Impo '.slide .to as- tl.'s cMif-la..tim, ur , j, q
and the coalesced powers. The troops have rc- cribe to the free will of If. M. I'crdi.. m), buy ott tern daily obtains greater confidence anJ ujt'
ceived orders to march; , . General Carasco has done or which may to done hcrcafir, if it It merit in the minS ,r it.e.chl? who fee lh
taken the, supreme command. llcganl has in- contrary to his repeated Oaths to defend thin same bcbeTit and perceive more and more In ,..!
trenched himself in Gaeta. The Neapolitan I constitution: and that.lv reason of the acta of (Ms strength ; a strength "which It bw i 1
troops appear to hare a design of marching a kind, they regard his majesty as placed in a atatc onemted from those artificial appendages whetl
gainst Home. - of duress. er they come under .the head of ecclesiauIrT
Sitting of the Parliament of MifiUit of tlx 1 5th of
t t ; rrbrvary.
The delegate Dorelli chairman of the commit
tee appointed to report an opinion and draughts
oi resolutions respecting the definitive notes from
the Congress of Lay bach, repeated in more de
tail the introduction to Ms report with regard to
3. That, while this state or duress continues, military, and feudal entailments, or exclusive hV
the Duke of Calabria, his August sen, shall rc- reditary prerogatives devices which seem ul
tain the Kcgency of the kingdom, conformably constitute thcorte of Europe, but are, In realitv
to the mode nrescribed in the decree of the 10th the dangerous sources of her evils. n,.
4- That, pursuant
ing resolntions, and according
I IMP Mmu.
v - r c: ; r)c?v,e,!?;ul4 l,,at - lue
to the tenor of the nreccd- be defended, standing armies are ttu.. .
ccordintr to the Constitution,! favoritism! prodi gality, and injustice
sures proper for the safety of the state! Used at the expense of the people all the acqul"
the King', declaration of the 7th Dec. lie pi fWiMWtn... . - ; .mon.oi, 4o,uuiry, or mc possessions of inberi.
tcu marine iMeapoiiun constitution, uesirea uyi r t .; . . . V v ,7 I.L i . V t-mkj m
the whole nation, had been spontaneously granted jnaiore manliest uic principles ol miouc iaw, uu uu upcraon, arc enureiy securer. It, ac,
hy King Ferdinand, in the month of July. He by which the nation of the Two Sicilies is guided, "nhc-wj Itto jc the strongest government in
nrovi.,1 ri.,...i. i.- . i. the Parliament declare, - the world. hue we enjoy its direct Jv.m,.
now seek to destror it had used, at.two tetr dis- ; Lw..Dion oiy i wo a cities inc gc oiner nauons mar !ook jo it as alright ex,
tinct junctures, a language quite different touch. JWluraiinror an those who enjoy tneir constitu- ampic oi wnat is practicablcw,ajyl. a . strong en.
ing the pretended right or meddling with the in
ternal affairs of foreign nations. The first junr.
ture was that of the alginate war with the French
republic, which they justified by the allegation racm 01 oiner naiiona, ana win noi pcrmu omcr SLVGUlJtn CARE OF ASSASSINATION?
that she propagated her principles by the sword, nauons loiniencrc WUn i own governmemi anu Afl ofricer of thc Frcn6h tfmt:amcd
and threatened the indeoendence of other pv-llnal it Is resolved to employ every means to pre-
" i . r :r:.. : .1 ..." 1 ai(V( ,,to uisiMiiumir ni ih.
crnmcnta. The second epoch was that at which vc,u "! ulucr i,wwcr ,ru,M 'c P" iroon. ho ha,l r.ti u.w.a .u-i Ts"
they summoned all the nations of Europe to de- r-'P,,' . -
.,u. 1 iiai 11 Hiiurui uii asjrium 10 lorcigncn
driven from their country for liberal opinions.
4th. That it will irver make peace with an ene
my while lluit enemy ocentiei it territory,
I.ONOOX, MARCH 10.
couragement to proceed In the career of reforma-
linn. " " " C '
ticular relations regulated by Constitutional forms.
2d. That it does not interfere with the govern
ment of other nations,' and will not permit other
nations to interfere with its own government ; and
fend their independence against the enormous
power ot Ilonaparte.
Dorelli spoke of the manner in which Austria
had calumniated the establishment of the Neapo
litan constitution, by representing it as an absurd
and bloody anarchy, and had availed herself of
this phantom to induce Hussia and Prussia to lend Liverpool, in which, according to the Morning cessity of driving from' his house a man wl
their aid in measures directed solely to her pri- Chronicle "she signified her determination to carried into it much' disturbance and dis
vate advantage. The orator spoke constantly of accept the establishment granted by Parliament, i:xperatcd through .despair of his haviti
troops who had retreated behind the ' Loire. It
was at iMoreueri, near Tours, that CsptiTulanne
fi::ed his residence. The fchafeau pf iforelleri
was inhabited by Monsieur and , Madame de de
lay. Admitted into their society, Monsieur Tu
lanne contracted withIadarae de Crelay an in-
tiniacr. which bream en v ... j.i .1...
The Queen has written a letter to the Earl of Ue outrai;e(l husband rch jr umer
Allttri.1. A t Ka Tirv0r irKtrh ftfriAt ainnl anl I A r&A him in LVhriU In hit tltftf Kr fvtfit.l .1 . 1 a 1 a o
apart in this business in her interested
paid the loftiest tribute to the generosity
eralityofthc Emperor Alexander, and he pointed and her regret, that her name was still withheld One day in a coffee' househe reproached hi
out how Prussia had yielded, from complaisance, from the Liturgy." with his basenes, the infamous manner in whu
iu wc luiuK&uont oi aumtii, incxign appinsc ne
. . I ' Cil I ' .11 !
reai way 01 minaing. ne naiscoursea
King of Naples, and inferred from
of his letter of thc 28th of January
and no particular desire to take away that of M
Russia Tour of the columns which are to be (,c (,rclay ipedjoff with bis handkerchief the
used in the construction of Isaac's church have '"arks of contempt which de Grelay, In accost
lately been brought to Petersburg, by water car- '"K him, had thrown .upon his person, and went
r r; t- . r ' . I ...... 1 : 1.: 1 t
-...k.v ' 1 1 i ...-r. .-,v7 ..v . N.v- at nappmess woicn a long ana tranquil union
policy; he ful sense of the manner in which her name had hart ullnwtrl Mm': fa :tAi,.i,.j. r ....
and lib- been noticed in the Speech from the Throne, turned all l.irinrrt.mfn'.tn.. .k. ....J
rL. . rw . c . . commons on inexuMje had abused Jus confidence, f and all the evils
also ot the warcn, wr. nunaet owainea leave to brine: in a uiiUu.hirKhiKUrurk.i-s,:. u ....!.
the language bill for the relief of his Majesty s Koman Catho- saili he. vou thtu har. mv Vle nr ,
to the Prince he subjects, by a vote of 227 to 22 1 . TKi ofnr! ,l,n Ja r k:. ' i-.A
1 vkuiii iui 1149 WWII IHCi
iegent, that the monarch had written it by com
pulsion, and that its tenor was also owing to the
circumstance of his leing deprived of his consti
tutional advisers, for whom had been substituted
prince Ruffo, a traitor to his country, and one
who hau been stripped of all his title
lies by this same king. And, as regarded
UUB.V i.c uauu, ne imu occn suncrcu 10 remain 1 .1 ..nr.. : . ... aa . -r.,i 1 ...
S8.1!!?? .w"! ff"'-? -1 be colossal. Under thc pediment, which will be Pvate. . It was in a wood near Morelleri that
ZZ ZZ Z Zn7 n, 7 , S f inC ot marb,e 8,abs' lherc arc 10 he th.rty.two stoves they fixed thc place of assignation. M. Tularine
?" h:ZlU warm the church in the winter ; being distri- went there in the evening tome moments before ;
ry, ana one riagCj ctom Fjnanij. Xhcy arc of vast size ; the oul Icavinp him convinced that his bravery was
Sm shaft of each being 8 fathoms in height, consist- not superior to his fidelity Madame de Crelay,
sgarded the jn? 0f a 5inKle piece. Thirty-six similar columns ho did not entertain the same hatred which her
hi urcameu me constitution- k 1 1 .r:. M,;i.:- r'..,... r. !. .1..
M spirit innate In thc Ehaliah temnerament, ??w Vuti" inc Pament- Ft-
' ...... . fc -. . 1 'j 1 1 . . t n am .mi wv m w n lit . w. aw iivv.. irii1 h .irni.. mmnww nn Mteaa .M. . im
Cu a&. neutral nml tti l Y .. wvigns, 111 11s 1 - .. .wiv.. nv.uiui iu uiiuw utixii
j . I " -j - - - ' vw w w HIV
legislature, it will receive such amendments
as will entitle it to the respect and esteem of
mn 01 understanding. B.
He comes, the herald of a noisy world.
News from all nations lumb'ring at his back.
, . Toveigu. '
- Advica from London to the iOth of Mard hare Keen
received at Philadelphia. The following artirlcg are all
CQnUined m the papers that have reached us :
LONDON, MARCH 8.
The Paris Journals of Monday last have am
ved his e v-cning. The! following is from the Ga
. zeite de France : . 7 - , "
' 7V e fve lt received a private letter from
Naples, datejl -thc-I th ult. which supplies the
following; details':-- ,-. x ?
' "?it. ,Mh' ba'WP orong sittihg,.
in which the report nf the committee, nominated
,asi enmg to examine the ultimatum of the
If ranee be represented asneutral, and otn desl-
ruus vi cncvui))f mi anjusiment wunoui wrong
and oppression, and in ho wise capable of uniting
her arms with those of. Austria. .
He then shewed that thc Allies had left the
Neapolitans no scope for hesitation as to the
course they should pursue, since while thcy.werc
covered with opprobrium on the one hand, noth
ing was offered them on the other but a diminu
tionbf tbe burthen of taxes. , When, moreover,
the occupation of the kingdom was mentioned,
.Jf cf il n'A 'fierficd: nothing then re
mained for thc nation but the alternative of con
quering her oppressors, or perishing gloriously.
Success was not impossible ; for, though Austria
threatened her with one hundred thousand men,
not more than sixty thousand effective troops were
These being repulsed, some months must
elapse before the Russians could arrive ; and it
would yet remain to be seen whether they march
ed to occupy Germany or Italy. Other nations,
he exclaimed for instance, the Swiss and the
Dutch had fought and conquered with forces
still more disproportioned.
lf perchance, the war should be protracted,' it
may givebirth to incidents favorable to the Nea
politan cause our enemies will, perhaps, icarn
to repent for havingdrawn hither the Cossacks of
!ne u.on ' a rcv?r8e f fortune suffered by the
Austrians may rouse and propel allibe "inhabi
engage in the struggle for the defence of
the cause of all freemen throughout the universei
ana an ireernerrwotitd aid 'with "their prayers or
J'ch of thoUnc named pillars weight, in its tience for this faithless woraan to throw herself
present state, 1 3,000 poods, (calculating 30 lbs. mto bis arms, when a musket shot extended him
English per pood,) 468,000 lbs. .They arc poK lathe carthTTnit did not depriro him cf life.
ished by thc aid of a steam engine. V .On his recovery M. de Grelay was accused ef
Ti havine fired this musket shot, but tha Court Ro-
Extract from a speech of Irtl Iloimn, in the British
House of Tecr concerning the attack of the Allies
" Even Russia had allowed that the Span-
haiing fired this musket shot, but the Court Roy
al dismissed the cause. Such was the situation
of these three persons, when, on the 29th "of Oc
tober, last year, an unlucky event formed the
catastrophe of this scandalous history, M. de
Grelay was in his saloon, a brigadier of Gendar
merie and a park ranger were with him at the
ish constitution; which has been adorned hvHlme- KT wcrc enKaSed at a Bane of cards.
Naples, was one with which peace might be .V1? a I"cW? w w a mask appears in the an-
maintained; but the objection of Russh was MnwKrhrnSn Mr k mcsllc l. 1 he wouW
nn. , J . j e . blow brain cut if he opposed his passaire
not now to the democratic tendency of that he enters thelsaloon he calmly presents his
..-wV.M uu, w u 1UMucr m;wnicn it musket, takes aim, the ball flics, and M.deGrc-
had been established. Strange objeclion, in- lay fallsdead, having had just time to exclaim,
deed, to a constitution good in itself j but in " Vrctch, you have assassinated me !" The
whose mouth could it be more strange, than stupifying astonishment which possessed the
that of the man who wa sitting on a throne RChdarme and the woodkecper gives the assassin
reeking with the blood of his father t A fime4.l escape Before they thought of pursu-
throne, from which no man had descended inS bim he was lost in the forest. ' Suspicion im-
without blood, from the time of Peter the mcSat? feU upon Tulanncho, with Madame
great! What entitled suchfi'man to read tJE a"d l"cd bcfo.rLe
become Aim to deal, in this hypocritical lan'- tonrdf our hearts, will one day unfold this horrid
3uaKe and to talk : of '.. his love orconstitmions mysteryToU -are acquitted t but for 1 2 months
and his hatred of amicr: whose power was havcjpu experienced the agony and disgrace of
lounded on iorce. who had derived tmrscerj-1 cnrainai accusation. i ne swora oi justice nas
im frnm il.. : i i n'.ii . IbeeU'&usne
liorelli concluded by exhorting thc Neapolk
tans not lo hide from themselves the heavy calam
ities tohich they would be exposed by resist
ance ; the death of. ihe . persona mostndear to
them ; the plunder of their property ; the viola
tion of their wives ; the devastation of their rhim.
try. But, at thc same time, be ventured to pre
dict ,t,0.theni' confident in God, the protector of
mc ojcuies, mat, it they heroically faced those ca
lamitiesrand shewed: themselves ntm-and fear
cs they would in the end see all thpJr rfTnVtc
u uhcu wun mc mosi pru uant and lasting sue
you will appreciate the value of innocence and
iir;. ii , ; ' virtue v louaavc a lernoie lesson. -L.ei us nope
MsVgO8 atUcUs,T that you, and all who have heard, will remember
it as a proper admonition."
I 1 he above trial is given at length in the Lon
don papers; It very much resembles the cele
Pai'liament haying heSrlJm sneelSebf
.i " i r-r . .
curious omer memDers.on the subject of the of
ficial notes from the, Congress of Laybacb, and
thc cries of war. r havino- Koo
along time, by tfi ! whole assembly and the peo
nlpr passed, unammousyi the following rcsolu-
tioust --' . . . ;.
l.That they have not the nowcr tn armU m
any of the propositions, which have been commit.
nicated to lhe in in the names of their Majesties
:!?russiaan4.the Emperors of Kussw
OUR OWN COUNTRY,
rrom the North American Review for AprU, 1821.
" Wc may turn from the difnculties in which brated case of Fauldes, which was published
Europe is involved, with sentiments of gratitude some time ago. ' ' .
that we.aro,:xxcmpted,and..sincereishcsthati . ......
shmajr be reUeved from them. Wc are carhrr ThcPce bee i t this moment higher than
inon an cxpetimenti sutcessfullv; lathis 11
nas 0-uved ,niany of thosewho predicted its through all the low land plantations below this . ;
early riestrionpnr.governmentat moycd placer saveonly suchlcw as aracmbanked. Pda-
on, acquiring ease from habit, confidence from ny thoitsands of acres bryoung corn arid cottoa - ,
practice, and estimauon from experience. It has are destroyed;, and by the time the waters re-
been developed under very trying circumstances, cede, and th land becomes Bt for cultivation, it
has lived down two powerful, embittered parties, will be too late o replant cotton, which crop on
and continued unchanged, while the proudest this riveri it is feared; will be entirely lost. Corn
monarchies of thc old continent have been riven can be replanted, and must be the principal ri- .
to their foundations and are now Dcrnlcxed' With ! Vff ri'nn fhSa I Vri. nnn.kon imni'PCUVC
r C t ! '' y . . . v..( .... j . iiviy is Uliuilli. ,i .mi j. .
the leac ot change, arid, all its unknown consc- lesson on the subject of a river police forSouth
quences. Our panics are at last united iif their Caroli
...uauu., m. aii iDe principles oi trie tedcral bfncmbanknients.i millions are annually lost tor
wii3 f-t wavreaa, tne
ingle y cat.-- Pee &ec Gazetlei$Iay3 :