North Carolina Newspapers

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rmsTXD Ayp rcuLisiini?, every TCisniT,
The subscription to the Westers CAnotisiAs
is Tfree Dollars per annum, payable half-yearly
in advance.
(Xj" No paper will be discontinued until all
arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing- to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
3 ear, will be considered as wishing to continue,
and charged accordingly.
Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth
Advertisements will be inserted on the cus
tomary terms. Persons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
wish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by some person
sa this town, or its vicinity.
(Xj'All letters to the editors must be post-paid,
or they will not be attended to.
"flHE subscriber is now opening, at his Store
JL in Salisbury, a general and well selected
assortment of DIIV GOODS,
Just received direct from New-York and Phila
delphia, and laid in at prices that will enable him
to sell remarkably low. His customers, and the
public, are respectfully invited to call and ex
amine for themselves. All kinds of Country
Produce received in exchange.
Iat78 J. MUKPHV.
THE subscriber takes this method of inform
ing his friends, and the public in general,
that he has established himself in the house for
merly occupied by the Hcv. Peter Eaton, in the
Town of Huntsville, Surry countv, N. Carolina ;
and has been at considerable expense in making
his rooms commodious and comfortable, for the
reception of Travellers, and all who may favor
him with their custom. His Sideboard is pro
vided with Liquors of the best quality, and his
Stables with every thing requisite for Horses;
and hopes, by particular attention, to merk a
fchare of public patronage.
HuJitsr iUe, Dec. 17, 1820. 30
N. 15. The subscriber continues to carry on
the Cabinet JSu&iness ; and will execute all or
ders with neatness and despatch, for cash, credit,
or country produce. M. D.
Titty Dollars IWwavil.
RAN away from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
Mecklenburg county, N. Carolina, a Negro
Boy by the name of SIMON; dark complexion,
stout made, and Ave feet seven or eight inches
high. He speaks low when spoken to. It is
cupposed that he will make towards the county
of Prince William, Virginia, as he was purchased
in that county. I will give the above reward if
the said negro is delivered to Isaac Ifilie, Con
cord, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollars if secured in
anv jail, and information given, so that I get him
.-Again. EVAN W1L1E.
March 24, 1821. 50
The Editors of the Richmond Enquirer are
requested to insert the above advertisement six
weeks, and send their account to the office of
the Western Carolinian for payment.
Owe DiVlYai! HcwavA.
THE above reward will be given to any person
who will return to me, at Clemonstown, in
Rowan county, my apprentice, Peter Daniels,
who has left me without my consent. Said ap
prentice is between nineteen and twenty years
of age, about five feet nine or ten inches high,
slender made; had on, when lie left me, a pair
of blue woollen pantaloons, a broadcloth coat,
waistcoat not recollected, and a wool hat. 1
forewarn all persons from employing or harbor
ing said apprentice.
I2ovant May 24, 1821. t53v
."Xaftk.m JvTgaium
THE annual meeting of the stockholders of
the Yadkin Navigation Company, will be
held in the town of Eawrenccvillc, on Wednes
day, the 20th of June next.
A. 1. MURPHEY, President.
May 18, 1821. 3wt53
jatavba JVovigaUon
"hJOTICE is hereby given, that the President
IS and Directors of the Catawba Navigation
Co p.nnv have required the payment of the third
instalment, of Ten Dollars, upon each and even
share subscribed, to be -made to the '1 reasurer
of the Companv, or to such agent as he shall
appoint to receive the same. The shares of
,sub,criberS,failingtomake such payment, will
be sold at Auction, in the town of Lmco nton, on
the ffeth of June next ; and if the stock should
not soil for the amount due, with interest from
the time it was called for, and expenses of sale,
the stockholders will be immediately proceeded
against for the balance, according to the terms
of the charter.
v -.By order cf the Board.
ISAAC T. AVERY, 2resuknt.
3 8, 1821. 6" 48
.-'UrAate bl Jacob TacUev.
wVtOTICE. At Rowan. County Court, May
VOK term. 1821. the subscriber obtained letters
ofad Oration tr. the estate cf Jacob acKer,
AH persons indebted to sam esc
, 1 nml thflSC WOO
i - 1 .H. .ritl.m the time
s. o ijA u V0ticc m11
'fi.ii .'V-
L sCKK . C Szv. Adntr.
ON the 10th of April the exercises of the
male department of this Institution com
menced, under the care of the Hev. Dr. Freeman,
who will also superintend the education of the
females. During upwards of twenty years Dr.
Freeman has presided, principally, over the
flourishing academies at Edenton and Newbern,
in this State ; from which institutions he received
the most honorable testimonies of his superior
talents as a teacher and his uncommon success
in the difficult task of uniting erentleness with a
due regard to discipline, in the government of
his pupils. The best evidences which can be
given of the qualifications of Dr. Freeman, may
be derived from the facts, that during this w hole
period, the institutions over which he has pre
sided have flourished beyond any former exam
ple. For the satisfaction of those, who mny not
be acquainted with the character of Dr. Free
man, we would subjoin the following extracts,
from a " voluntary tribute of thanks" communi
cated by the Trustees of Newbern Academy, on
his retiring from their service ; among whom we
notice some of the most distinguished names
our state can boast : Th'ij Seminary, under
his direction, has flourished beyond ail former
experience. In school discipline, in the varied
qualifications of a teacher, in success in advancing
the progress of his p;pils and in unwearied
diligence and zeal, Dr. Freeman ha always
been considered by the Trustees as unrivaled,
and cntilled to their undivided acknowledg
ments : and the Trustees would avail them
selves of the opportunity to tender their testi
mony in the highest commendation of his social,
moral, and religious deportment."
'I lie following brandies of education ate
taught: English Heading, Writing, Spelling,
Arithmetic, Mathematics, Geography, and use
of the Globes, Natural and Moral Philosophy,
Khetoric, Logic, Composition and Declamation.
In Latin Kuddiman's and Adam's Grammar,!
Corderi;:, Historic Sacrx, Viri Koma-, 6 books
of Ccxsar, Ovid Expurgata, Virgil, Cicero's Select
Orations, Sailust's wars with Cataline and .lu
gurtha, Horace throughout, Malr's Introduction,
In Greek Valpys or "Wcttenhall's Grammar,
Greek Testament, Evangelists and Acts of the
Apostles, Grxca Minora, Grrcca Majora, Xeno
phon, Homer, Ncilson's Exercises and Prosody.
In the Female Department, Dr. Freeman will
be assisted bv Miss Slater, in the literary and
classical branches, w hile Miss Mitchell will con-1
tinue to conduct the ornamental. Oi the tak-nts
and qualifications of these Ladies, to improve
the minds, and polish the manners of their pu
pils, the Trustees, from ample experience, can
give the most decided approbation.
Under such auspices, the Trustees feel assur
ed this Institution must flourish. "o render it
a nursery of all the poiite ami useful brandies
of education, as well as of correct moral and re
ligious principles and feelings, will be their un
remitting aim ; and they feci confidence in say
ing, that no similar institution in the State can
now clarn superior advantages.
In this department the studies and books used
will be: Heading, Wilting, Spelling, English
Grammar, Pike's or Walsh's Arithmetic, Geog
raphy with the use cf the Globes, Whelpley'st
and Tyler s Histories, Iilair s Khetoric, Conver
sations on Natural Philosophy, Moral Philosophy,
Astronomy, Andrew's Logic, Chemistry, Euclid,
Composition; and, if required, Algebra, and
the Languages.
As it is the natural disposition of youth, when
unrestrained, to run into extravagance, the trus
tees earnestly desire that parents or guardians
bringing scholars to this academy, should place
them under the special care of some judicious
person, with instructions to attend to their
wants, and regulate 'their purchases of neces
sary articles out of the stores. The importance
of this requisition must be apparent to every
peron of reflection and experience. The trus
tees have no ethe r interest in the success of these
institutions, than to furnish to the rising gen
eration opportunities of education. To ac
complish this object, they have devoted much
of their time and attention, and have gone to
very considerable expense in erecting tw o large
and commodious edifices, in proc uring maps, and
other indispensable articles for the schools.
Kesidcs these disbursements, the current ex
penses of the institution, for salaries to the
teacher?, and other purposes, amount to about
3,000 per year. It is therefore indipensable
that parents and guardians should be punctual
in paing the tuition charges; and to avoid the
uncertainty and trouble of after collection, it is
positively required that the tuition monev, in
all cases, shall be paid when the certificate of i
admission is taken out. Uv order ot the Hoard.
May 1, 1821. T. JL. COWAN, Secy.
cry Hoarding may be had in respectable fam
ilies for 75 to 80 dollars the year.
iMUlicYy ls latis s .
finilE subscriber takes this method to inform
.El the public, that she intends carrying on the
Millinery Jiusineas, in all its various branches,
iz: Making Lathes' Dresses, Head Dresses,
Honncts, &c. etc. Having procured some of the
newest Northern and Southern fashions, she
flatters herself with the hone of being able to suit
the taste of the ladies of Salisbury and adjacent i
country. She will alter and clean Straw lion
nets. Merchants wishing to have goods worked
up, can procure them done at short notice, and
on reasonable terms, by applying to the subscri
ber at Mr. Wm. Hough's, next doer to Mr. John
Heard's, Main-street, Salisbury.
Orders from the country will be carefullv and
punctually attended to. ELLEN DUFF V.
Salisbury, May 18, 1821. 50
Tviun OH.
EN barrels cf lltAIN OIL for sale, low for
cash. Apply to the
May 1, 1821.
ON.tne lastTlntrsclay in June, at the Court
House iu Salisbury, will be sold, on a credit
of sax months, several valuable young NEGHO
lio ,s and Girls, belonging to the estate of the
I. te Col. Itichmond Pearson, deceased.
h' J. A. PEARSON, Executor.
E. PEARSON, Executrix.
RSO Exccutrtx.
Columbia's sons spurn not the rugged toil ;
Your nation's glory is a culturM aod.
rno.M the iiiiiTronn tikes.
Agriculture claims a pre-eminence
above manufactures and commerce,
from its seniority and superior useful
ness ; an to use and expression of the
celebrated Tully, may be regarded as
the breast from which the state derives
its support and nourishment. The
perfection of the science of agriculture
is the knowledge of the means of rais
ing on a given quantity of land, the
greatest quantity and best quality of
any particular kind ot food or other
produce for animal subsistence or com
fort at the least expense in time, labor,
and money. This definition necessa
rily implies a knowledge of the constitu
ent parts intended for tillage the na
ture and qualityrof the seed to be sown,
together with the mode best adapted to
its cultivation. It will not be denied
that a lamentable lack of information
on these subjects is too prevalent among
husbandmen. To remedy this it ought
to be among the first objects of agricul
tural institutions to acquire and dis
seminate a knowledge ot these primary
principles of agricultural science. The
best means of doing this may' not
promptly occur. Among others which
may be adopted for that purpose, it
would be well that the laws of these
societies should provide for the deliv
ery, by some intelligent member, or
other competent character, annually, or
oftener, of a discourse embracing these
and other matters connected with the
The principle on which the premi
ums have been awarded by some, if not
all the societies now in being, is very
objectionable, as it does not offer an e
qual chance to the competitors. The
person who produces the best article
lor which a premium is offered, is en
titled to the premium without any re
gard being had to the time, labor, or
expense attending its production or im
pi ovement. Hence if a wealthy farm
er shall, at great expense, produce the
best article for which a premium is of
fered, he obtains the premium. Now,
certainly, the interest of no branch of
rural economy can be subserved by
such a procedure. Would it not be
much better, as well as just, that an ac
count of the time, labor and expense of
making this piece of cloth, or rearing
and improving that animal, should be
first ascertained, and the premiums a
warded to him whose mode of proce
dure shall be deemed most beneficial
to the interests of the farmer, and most
worthy of adoption ? Of what use is
it to the community that an animal is
reared or impr oved or an article man
ufactured at an expense which could
not be refunded by the proceeds of the
article itself, with the addition of the
premium into the bargain ? The can
didate is a wealthy man, able and wil
ling to make a sacrifice for the gratifi
cation of his pride and ambition ; but
his example ought not to be followed
by the great body of farmers, because
it is unprofitable, and, if pursued,
would b'i ruinous. Such a candidate
should not receive a premium as his
example tends to the injury rather than
the interests of rural economv. The
same reasoning applies to the distribu
tion of premiums for agricultural im
provements ; and these should be given
to him, who shall, with the least labor
and expense raise on a given quantity of
land, the greatest quantity and bestqual
ity of any produce for which a premium
mayr be offered.
The mode adopted for ploughing
matches is also very objectionable.
What improvement is there made in
raising cattle in the manner usually
practised ? The following plan, if any,"
ought to be adopted. A piece of hard
green sward should be chosen, and suf
ficient team to draw the plough Jwith
ease. The criterion for obtaining the
prize be the person vho-in a given time
r , 1 . i n- i
the least expense of labor. The en-
couragement of rural industry for re
warding distinguished instances of it
with a premium is well worthy of at
tention, and should j if possible, be car
ried into execution. Tfiree or four
premiums ought to be given for the
same article where there is that num
ber of competitors. This woulll be
more encouraging if the sum should be
small. I think the premiums ought to
be awarded in silver plate or money at
the option of the receiver.
I shall close with a few important
hints to farmers. I have always been
of opinion, that if a man, bred to the
habit of a farming life, on such terms
as enables him easily to pay all de
mands, if not happy, he ought to look
somewhere else than to his situation
for the cause of his uneasiness. A
practical farmer, whose livelihood de
pends upon this calling, should make
it the pinnacle of his Worldly ambition
to excel in it. If a farmer neglects his
farm, his farm will neglect him. The
husbandman must first labor, else he
partaketh not of the fruits. He must
be vigilant, else carelessness will waste
what industry gains. He must be eco
nomical and frugal, else his outgoes ex
ceeding his incomes, he is sure finally
to come out at the little end of the horn.
He must not feel himself above his
business, else will he find himself be
low it. He must always mind to do
every thing in its season, else he will
have double work and half crops. And
finally, brother farmers, be very cer
tain that you allow yourselves in noth
ing superfluous. Venerate the plough,
the hoe, the scythe and the sickle.
Look over your lands, and see what
parts may be cultivated to more advan
tagehow you can raise more grain
keep more cows and sheep fat more
cattle ; which ought to be done chiefly
by grass. Study agriculture ; carry it
to the greatest perfection. Drink not
a drop of ardent spirits of any kind dur
ing haying or any other time, but good
hop and malt beer.
Accustomed as we are to the uniform
influence of the press, we are not suf
ficiently sensible of the moral and po
litical advantages it produces. To es
timate the effects of its privation, it is
necessary to have lived in a country
where the art of printing does not exist.
There we soon feel what confusion in
accounts, absurdity in reports, uncer
tainty in opinions, obstacles to infor
mation, and general ignorance, the
want of books and newspapers create.
History owes benedictions to him who
first published articles of intelligence in
Venice, for the little piece of money
called a gazette ; the name of which
journals of news still bear. Gazettes
indeed are Historical monuments of in
finite importance ; they are instructive
and valuable even in their deviations
from strict impartiality ; since they
thereby exhibit the prevailing spirit of
the times in which they were publish
ed ; and their contradictions always af
ford materials for the elucidation of
facts. Thus, when we are informed that
the first thing the Anglo- Ameriins do
in forming their new establishments is
to cut a road and commence a newspa
per, it appears to me that, in this double
operation, they attain the object, and
exhibit the analysis of every good so
cial system ; for society is nothing
more than the easy and free communi
cation of persons and thoughts ; and all
the art of government consists in pre
venting those violent shocks which tend
to its destruction,
As a contrast to this people, civilized
as it were in the cradle, let us take a
view of the nations of Asia, which have
passed from infancyr to decay, and,
through every stage of their progress,
have still been ignorant and barbarous.
Doubtless they have been confined to
this condition, because they neither
knew the art of printing, nor were ca
pable of constructing roads or canals.
As in company with my neighbor, I
was lately looking into his hog-pen, he
pointed out to me one of his hogs,
whicb said was naturally, the best ;
but now the poorest, on account of slip
ping his toot through the floor, and not
being able to extricate it, the others in
stead of compassionating him, and try
ing to relieve hi m. noun ced upon him,
just like mankind biting raid bruiting
him till they almost killed him -just
like 77iankh:d, said he. I was forcibly
struck at the remark, however degrad
ing the truth. What ! do mankind
rather afflict and distress, than relit ve
each other in trouble I Look round
you and see There is a man in dis
tress ; having been unfortunate, met
with one loss upon another, and his pe
cuniary circumstances becoming doubt
ful, see what scratching and scrambling
among his creditors ; how they divide
and subdivide and sacrifice his. sub
stance. One empties the barn of its
hay and its stock ; another the granary
of the grain ; another the pen of :he
pig; the house of the furniture; 'Uo
cellar of its vegetables ; another de
prives the debtor of his apparel, and to
morrow he must go to jail, to-jwy-pounds
without a penny.
But what ! may not a man secure his
cot ; attach what is virtually his own
Legally he may ; but you know there
are some things laivful which are not
expedient. Should you lose an ex
pected crop by frost, or a portion of
your property by fire or flood, eti
would not think of distressing your
poor neighbor to repair your loss
Why should you in the other case?
How do you know but the hand of
Providence is in both ? If your r;eigh
bor has nothing to pay, why should
you take away his bed from un:ier
him ? Or why should you thrust him
into prison, when, if you will have pa
tience with him, he may pay thee all?
Again, there is another neighbor hi
trouble ; he may have erred ; (it is hu
man to err ;) be this as it may, his m
emies, continually watching for his halt
ing, think that they have now ensured
him ; and begin to abuse him more bru
tally than ever. As to his friends, thev
either stand aloof, or pass by on the
other side ; or holding the garments,
consent to the cruelty, and occ isionaliy
cast a stone, joining in general decla
mation, crucify him, crucify him. Is
this fancy, or is it fact? melancholy
fact ! Do mankind act like rational
sympathetic creatures ; creatures
can be touched with another's feelings ;
that can feel another's woe ; or more
like the swinish multitude who bite
and devour and consume each other ?
It is a trite but true remark, when a.
man is going down hill, (from whatever
cause,) every one gives him a kick
Is this the creature that was originally
allied to angels and made in the image
of God ? O how fallen, fallen ! f
Kxtract from a communication, in the Charles
ton Courier.
The French nation had been so long and
severely oppressed, so long enslaved with
little prospect of deliverance, that uhcti
the deliverance at length arrived, they
were overwhelmed with joy : the event
was so sudden, the weights were rcinov
ed so quick, that every thing gave way be
fore the elasticity and reaction of the body
poiitic. France was not like a patient
gradually restored by judicious adminis
tration of nourishment to health and
strength, all her proceedings evinced an
action in the frame, caused by excessive
stimulants. The whole nation was con
vuised bv excessive motion : the elements
were disordered reason, morals, religion,
were svrept away by the rapid -tideof pub
lic emotion nothing was settled every
thine: disordered confusion, phrenzy, an
archy, intrigue, ambition, atheism, moun
tains of crime and rivers of blood. SikIi
was France when Bonaparte appeared on
the scene of action, to unite the people
and direct their energies for ths attain
ment of las high purposes. Such event?
are not likely aein to occur, ncP.uch a
man to take advantage of them, for such
men are only the offspring of such events.
Bonaparte was like ncthir undent or
modern. He was not like Cceai for he
was more rapid in his design, more des perate
in their execution. He was nr.':
like Charles of Sweden, for he was r.oL
born to power. He was not like any thiam
in heaven or earth however anxiously
some divines, in their exposition of tne.
Prophecies, have been di . posed to liken
him to something under the e irth. Poess,
who are always fanciful, hae li iv: ' hn:t
to the &od of day, rising fro: ' tea
moving for a perio,! aero- n vci iJt -'c
sinking at length inty-- v-' ti 'v-j
But Bon.vpartc av.j nci i:kr Mir
X. .-AY
- l AC V.

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