8 -A . N - V i i i ii I i ii i w - --mm JL- f y ' 9 rmsTXD Ayp rcuLisiini?, every TCisniT, Br BINGHAM & WHITE. TF.EMS : The subscription to the Westers CAnotisiAs is Tfree Dollars per annum, payable half-yearly in advance. (Xj" No paper will be discontinued until all arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of the Editors ; and any subscriber failing- to give notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a 3 ear, will be considered as wishing to continue, and charged accordingly. Whoever will become responsible for the payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth gratis. Advertisements will be inserted on the cus tomary terms. Persons sending in Adver tisements, must specify the number of times they wish them inserted, or they will be continued till ordered out, and charged accordingly. No advertisement inserted until it has been paid for, or its payment assumed by some person sa this town, or its vicinity. (Xj'All letters to the editors must be post-paid, or they will not be attended to. "flHE subscriber is now opening, at his Store JL in Salisbury, a general and well selected assortment of DIIV GOODS, HARD-WAKE, and MEDICINES, . Just received direct from New-York and Phila delphia, and laid in at prices that will enable him to sell remarkably low. His customers, and the public, are respectfully invited to call and ex amine for themselves. All kinds of Country Produce received in exchange. Iat78 J. MUKPHV. THE subscriber takes this method of inform ing his friends, and the public in general, that he has established himself in the house for merly occupied by the Hcv. Peter Eaton, in the Town of Huntsville, Surry countv, N. Carolina ; and has been at considerable expense in making his rooms commodious and comfortable, for the reception of Travellers, and all who may favor him with their custom. His Sideboard is pro vided with Liquors of the best quality, and his Stables with every thing requisite for Horses; and hopes, by particular attention, to merk a fchare of public patronage. MUMFORD DEJORNATT. HuJitsr iUe, Dec. 17, 1820. 30 N. 15. The subscriber continues to carry on the Cabinet JSu&iness ; and will execute all or ders with neatness and despatch, for cash, credit, or country produce. M. D. Titty Dollars IWwavil. RAN away from the subscriber, at Charlotte, Mecklenburg county, N. Carolina, a Negro Boy by the name of SIMON; dark complexion, stout made, and Ave feet seven or eight inches high. He speaks low when spoken to. It is cupposed that he will make towards the county of Prince William, Virginia, as he was purchased in that county. I will give the above reward if the said negro is delivered to Isaac Ifilie, Con cord, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollars if secured in anv jail, and information given, so that I get him .-Again. EVAN W1L1E. March 24, 1821. 50 The Editors of the Richmond Enquirer are requested to insert the above advertisement six weeks, and send their account to the office of the Western Carolinian for payment. Owe DiVlYai! HcwavA. THE above reward will be given to any person who will return to me, at Clemonstown, in Rowan county, my apprentice, Peter Daniels, who has left me without my consent. Said ap prentice is between nineteen and twenty years of age, about five feet nine or ten inches high, slender made; had on, when lie left me, a pair of blue woollen pantaloons, a broadcloth coat, waistcoat not recollected, and a wool hat. 1 forewarn all persons from employing or harbor ing said apprentice. BENTON C LEMONS. I2ovant May 24, 1821. t53v ."Xaftk.m JvTgaium COMPANY. THE annual meeting of the stockholders of the Yadkin Navigation Company, will be held in the town of Eawrenccvillc, on Wednes day, the 20th of June next. A. 1. MURPHEY, President. May 18, 1821. 3wt53 jatavba JVovigaUon COMPANY. "hJOTICE is hereby given, that the President IS and Directors of the Catawba Navigation Co p.nnv have required the payment of the third instalment, of Ten Dollars, upon each and even share subscribed, to be -made to the '1 reasurer of the Companv, or to such agent as he shall appoint to receive the same. The shares of ,sub,criberS,failingtomake such payment, will be sold at Auction, in the town of Lmco nton, on the ffeth of June next ; and if the stock should not soil for the amount due, with interest from the time it was called for, and expenses of sale, the stockholders will be immediately proceeded against for the balance, according to the terms of the charter. v -.By order cf the Board. ISAAC T. AVERY, 2resuknt. 3 8, 1821. 6" 48 .-'UrAate bl Jacob TacUev. wVtOTICE. At Rowan. County Court, May VOK term. 1821. the subscriber obtained letters ofad Oration tr. the estate cf Jacob acKer, ;"d AH persons indebted to sam esc , 1 nml thflSC WOO i - 1 .H. .ritl.m the time s. o ijA u V0ticc m11 'fi.ii .'V- L sCKK . C Szv. Adntr. rlrv ON the 10th of April the exercises of the male department of this Institution com menced, under the care of the Hev. Dr. Freeman, who will also superintend the education of the females. During upwards of twenty years Dr. Freeman has presided, principally, over the flourishing academies at Edenton and Newbern, in this State ; from which institutions he received the most honorable testimonies of his superior talents as a teacher and his uncommon success in the difficult task of uniting erentleness with a due regard to discipline, in the government of his pupils. The best evidences which can be given of the qualifications of Dr. Freeman, may be derived from the facts, that during this w hole period, the institutions over which he has pre sided have flourished beyond any former exam ple. For the satisfaction of those, who mny not be acquainted with the character of Dr. Free man, we would subjoin the following extracts, from a " voluntary tribute of thanks" communi cated by the Trustees of Newbern Academy, on his retiring from their service ; among whom we notice some of the most distinguished names our state can boast : Th'ij Seminary, under his direction, has flourished beyond ail former experience. In school discipline, in the varied qualifications of a teacher, in success in advancing the progress of his p;pils and in unwearied diligence and zeal, Dr. Freeman ha always been considered by the Trustees as unrivaled, and cntilled to their undivided acknowledg ments : and the Trustees would avail them selves of the opportunity to tender their testi mony in the highest commendation of his social, moral, and religious deportment." 'I lie following brandies of education ate taught: English Heading, Writing, Spelling, Arithmetic, Mathematics, Geography, and use of the Globes, Natural and Moral Philosophy, Khetoric, Logic, Composition and Declamation. In Latin Kuddiman's and Adam's Grammar,! Corderi;:, Historic Sacrx, Viri Koma-, 6 books of Ccxsar, Ovid Expurgata, Virgil, Cicero's Select Orations, Sailust's wars with Cataline and .lu gurtha, Horace throughout, Malr's Introduction, Prosody. In Greek Valpys or "Wcttenhall's Grammar, Greek Testament, Evangelists and Acts of the Apostles, Grxca Minora, Grrcca Majora, Xeno phon, Homer, Ncilson's Exercises and Prosody. In the Female Department, Dr. Freeman will be assisted bv Miss Slater, in the literary and classical branches, w hile Miss Mitchell will con-1 tinue to conduct the ornamental. Oi the tak-nts and qualifications of these Ladies, to improve the minds, and polish the manners of their pu pils, the Trustees, from ample experience, can give the most decided approbation. Under such auspices, the Trustees feel assur ed this Institution must flourish. "o render it a nursery of all the poiite ami useful brandies of education, as well as of correct moral and re ligious principles and feelings, will be their un remitting aim ; and they feci confidence in say ing, that no similar institution in the State can now clarn superior advantages. In this department the studies and books used will be: Heading, Wilting, Spelling, English Grammar, Pike's or Walsh's Arithmetic, Geog raphy with the use cf the Globes, Whelpley'st and Tyler s Histories, Iilair s Khetoric, Conver sations on Natural Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Astronomy, Andrew's Logic, Chemistry, Euclid, Composition; and, if required, Algebra, and the Languages. As it is the natural disposition of youth, when unrestrained, to run into extravagance, the trus tees earnestly desire that parents or guardians bringing scholars to this academy, should place them under the special care of some judicious person, with instructions to attend to their wants, and regulate 'their purchases of neces sary articles out of the stores. The importance of this requisition must be apparent to every peron of reflection and experience. The trus tees have no ethe r interest in the success of these institutions, than to furnish to the rising gen eration opportunities of education. To ac complish this object, they have devoted much of their time and attention, and have gone to very considerable expense in erecting tw o large and commodious edifices, in proc uring maps, and other indispensable articles for the schools. Kesidcs these disbursements, the current ex penses of the institution, for salaries to the teacher?, and other purposes, amount to about 3,000 per year. It is therefore indipensable that parents and guardians should be punctual in paing the tuition charges; and to avoid the uncertainty and trouble of after collection, it is positively required that the tuition monev, in all cases, shall be paid when the certificate of i admission is taken out. Uv order ot the Hoard. May 1, 1821. T. JL. COWAN, Secy. cry Hoarding may be had in respectable fam ilies for 75 to 80 dollars the year. iMUlicYy ls latis s . finilE subscriber takes this method to inform .El the public, that she intends carrying on the Millinery Jiusineas, in all its various branches, iz: Making Lathes' Dresses, Head Dresses, Honncts, &c. etc. Having procured some of the newest Northern and Southern fashions, she flatters herself with the hone of being able to suit the taste of the ladies of Salisbury and adjacent i country. She will alter and clean Straw lion nets. Merchants wishing to have goods worked up, can procure them done at short notice, and on reasonable terms, by applying to the subscri ber at Mr. Wm. Hough's, next doer to Mr. John Heard's, Main-street, Salisbury. Orders from the country will be carefullv and punctually attended to. ELLEN DUFF V. Salisbury, May 18, 1821. 50 Tviun OH. EN barrels cf lltAIN OIL for sale, low for T cash. Apply to the PK1NTEK3. May 1, 1821. 47 ON.tne lastTlntrsclay in June, at the Court House iu Salisbury, will be sold, on a credit of sax months, several valuable young NEGHO lio ,s and Girls, belonging to the estate of the I. te Col. Itichmond Pearson, deceased. h' J. A. PEARSON, Executor. E. PEARSON, Executrix. RSO Exccutrtx. t5l2 AGRICULTURAL. Columbia's sons spurn not the rugged toil ; Your nation's glory is a culturM aod. rno.M the iiiiiTronn tikes. Agriculture claims a pre-eminence above manufactures and commerce, from its seniority and superior useful ness ; an to use and expression of the celebrated Tully, may be regarded as the breast from which the state derives its support and nourishment. The perfection of the science of agriculture is the knowledge of the means of rais ing on a given quantity of land, the greatest quantity and best quality of any particular kind ot food or other produce for animal subsistence or com fort at the least expense in time, labor, and money. This definition necessa rily implies a knowledge of the constitu ent parts intended for tillage the na ture and qualityrof the seed to be sown, together with the mode best adapted to its cultivation. It will not be denied that a lamentable lack of information on these subjects is too prevalent among husbandmen. To remedy this it ought to be among the first objects of agricul tural institutions to acquire and dis seminate a knowledge ot these primary principles of agricultural science. The best means of doing this may' not promptly occur. Among others which may be adopted for that purpose, it would be well that the laws of these societies should provide for the deliv ery, by some intelligent member, or other competent character, annually, or oftener, of a discourse embracing these and other matters connected with the subject. The principle on which the premi ums have been awarded by some, if not all the societies now in being, is very objectionable, as it does not offer an e qual chance to the competitors. The person who produces the best article lor which a premium is offered, is en titled to the premium without any re gard being had to the time, labor, or expense attending its production or im pi ovement. Hence if a wealthy farm er shall, at great expense, produce the best article for which a premium is of fered, he obtains the premium. Now, certainly, the interest of no branch of rural economy can be subserved by such a procedure. Would it not be much better, as well as just, that an ac count of the time, labor and expense of making this piece of cloth, or rearing and improving that animal, should be first ascertained, and the premiums a warded to him whose mode of proce dure shall be deemed most beneficial to the interests of the farmer, and most worthy of adoption ? Of what use is it to the community that an animal is reared or impr oved or an article man ufactured at an expense which could not be refunded by the proceeds of the article itself, with the addition of the premium into the bargain ? The can didate is a wealthy man, able and wil ling to make a sacrifice for the gratifi cation of his pride and ambition ; but his example ought not to be followed by the great body of farmers, because it is unprofitable, and, if pursued, would b'i ruinous. Such a candidate should not receive a premium as his example tends to the injury rather than the interests of rural economv. The same reasoning applies to the distribu tion of premiums for agricultural im provements ; and these should be given to him, who shall, with the least labor and expense raise on a given quantity of land, the greatest quantity and bestqual ity of any produce for which a premium mayr be offered. The mode adopted for ploughing matches is also very objectionable. What improvement is there made in raising cattle in the manner usually practised ? The following plan, if any," ought to be adopted. A piece of hard green sward should be chosen, and suf ficient team to draw the plough Jwith ease. The criterion for obtaining the prize be the person vho-in a given time r , 1 . i n- i Jperformsjheiiio. the least expense of labor. The en- couragement of rural industry for re warding distinguished instances of it with a premium is well worthy of at tention, and should j if possible, be car ried into execution. Tfiree or four premiums ought to be given for the same article where there is that num ber of competitors. This woulll be more encouraging if the sum should be small. I think the premiums ought to be awarded in silver plate or money at the option of the receiver. I shall close with a few important hints to farmers. I have always been of opinion, that if a man, bred to the habit of a farming life, on such terms as enables him easily to pay all de mands, if not happy, he ought to look somewhere else than to his situation for the cause of his uneasiness. A practical farmer, whose livelihood de pends upon this calling, should make it the pinnacle of his Worldly ambition to excel in it. If a farmer neglects his farm, his farm will neglect him. The husbandman must first labor, else he partaketh not of the fruits. He must be vigilant, else carelessness will waste what industry gains. He must be eco nomical and frugal, else his outgoes ex ceeding his incomes, he is sure finally to come out at the little end of the horn. He must not feel himself above his business, else will he find himself be low it. He must always mind to do every thing in its season, else he will have double work and half crops. And finally, brother farmers, be very cer tain that you allow yourselves in noth ing superfluous. Venerate the plough, the hoe, the scythe and the sickle. Look over your lands, and see what parts may be cultivated to more advan tagehow you can raise more grain keep more cows and sheep fat more cattle ; which ought to be done chiefly by grass. Study agriculture ; carry it to the greatest perfection. Drink not a drop of ardent spirits of any kind dur ing haying or any other time, but good hop and malt beer. Desultory EXTRACT ril3M VOLXET's LECTC11E3 OX HISTORT. Accustomed as we are to the uniform influence of the press, we are not suf ficiently sensible of the moral and po litical advantages it produces. To es timate the effects of its privation, it is necessary to have lived in a country where the art of printing does not exist. There we soon feel what confusion in accounts, absurdity in reports, uncer tainty in opinions, obstacles to infor mation, and general ignorance, the want of books and newspapers create. History owes benedictions to him who first published articles of intelligence in Venice, for the little piece of money called a gazette ; the name of which journals of news still bear. Gazettes indeed are Historical monuments of in finite importance ; they are instructive and valuable even in their deviations from strict impartiality ; since they thereby exhibit the prevailing spirit of the times in which they were publish ed ; and their contradictions always af ford materials for the elucidation of facts. Thus, when we are informed that the first thing the Anglo- Ameriins do in forming their new establishments is to cut a road and commence a newspa per, it appears to me that, in this double operation, they attain the object, and exhibit the analysis of every good so cial system ; for society is nothing more than the easy and free communi cation of persons and thoughts ; and all the art of government consists in pre venting those violent shocks which tend to its destruction, As a contrast to this people, civilized as it were in the cradle, let us take a view of the nations of Asia, which have passed from infancyr to decay, and, through every stage of their progress, have still been ignorant and barbarous. Doubtless they have been confined to this condition, because they neither knew the art of printing, nor were ca pable of constructing roads or canals. THE VESMOXT IXTEEEIGEKCEK. MOIlJiL riiOM A HOG-PENT. As in company with my neighbor, I was lately looking into his hog-pen, he pointed out to me one of his hogs, whicb said was naturally, the best ; but now the poorest, on account of slip ping his toot through the floor, and not being able to extricate it, the others in stead of compassionating him, and try ing to relieve hi m. noun ced upon him, just like mankind biting raid bruiting him till they almost killed him -just like 77iankh:d, said he. I was forcibly struck at the remark, however degrad ing the truth. What ! do mankind rather afflict and distress, than relit ve each other in trouble I Look round you and see There is a man in dis tress ; having been unfortunate, met with one loss upon another, and his pe cuniary circumstances becoming doubt ful, see what scratching and scrambling among his creditors ; how they divide and subdivide and sacrifice his. sub stance. One empties the barn of its hay and its stock ; another the granary of the grain ; another the pen of :he pig; the house of the furniture; 'Uo cellar of its vegetables ; another de prives the debtor of his apparel, and to morrow he must go to jail, to-jwy-pounds without a penny. But what ! may not a man secure his cot ; attach what is virtually his own Legally he may ; but you know there are some things laivful which are not expedient. Should you lose an ex pected crop by frost, or a portion of your property by fire or flood, eti would not think of distressing your poor neighbor to repair your loss Why should you in the other case? How do you know but the hand of Providence is in both ? If your r;eigh bor has nothing to pay, why should you take away his bed from un:ier him ? Or why should you thrust him into prison, when, if you will have pa tience with him, he may pay thee all? Again, there is another neighbor hi trouble ; he may have erred ; (it is hu man to err ;) be this as it may, his m emies, continually watching for his halt ing, think that they have now ensured him ; and begin to abuse him more bru tally than ever. As to his friends, thev either stand aloof, or pass by on the other side ; or holding the garments, consent to the cruelty, and occ isionaliy cast a stone, joining in general decla mation, crucify him, crucify him. Is this fancy, or is it fact? melancholy fact ! Do mankind act like rational sympathetic creatures ; creatures th.it can be touched with another's feelings ; that can feel another's woe ; or more like the swinish multitude who bite and devour and consume each other ? It is a trite but true remark, when a. man is going down hill, (from whatever cause,) every one gives him a kick Is this the creature that was originally allied to angels and made in the image of God ? O how fallen, fallen ! f Kxtract from a communication, in the Charles ton Courier. The French nation had been so long and severely oppressed, so long enslaved with little prospect of deliverance, that uhcti the deliverance at length arrived, they were overwhelmed with joy : the event was so sudden, the weights were rcinov ed so quick, that every thing gave way be fore the elasticity and reaction of the body poiitic. France was not like a patient gradually restored by judicious adminis tration of nourishment to health and strength, all her proceedings evinced an action in the frame, caused by excessive stimulants. The whole nation was con vuised bv excessive motion : the elements were disordered reason, morals, religion, were svrept away by the rapid -tideof pub lic emotion nothing was settled every thine: disordered confusion, phrenzy, an archy, intrigue, ambition, atheism, moun tains of crime and rivers of blood. SikIi was France when Bonaparte appeared on the scene of action, to unite the people and direct their energies for ths attain ment of las high purposes. Such event? are not likely aein to occur, ncP.uch a man to take advantage of them, for such men are only the offspring of such events. Bonaparte was like ncthir undent or modern. He was not like Cceai for he was more rapid in his design, more des perate in their execution. He was nr.': like Charles of Sweden, for he was r.oL born to power. He was not like any thiam in heaven or earth however anxiously some divines, in their exposition of tne. Prophecies, have been di . posed to liken him to something under the e irth. Poess, who are always fanciful, hae li iv: ' hn:t to the &od of day, rising fro: ' tea moving for a perio,! aero- n vci iJt -'c sinking at length inty-- v-' ti 'v-j But Bon.vpartc av.j nci i:kr Mir X. .-AY - l AC V.