North Carolina Newspapers

TUESDAY, JOW'i: 12, 1821.
Of the students of the Salisbury Academy
commenced on Tuesday, the 5th instant, and
closed on the Friday following-. The progress
of the students was highly satisfactory and pleas
ing, and equally honorable to themselves and
their teachers. The report of the Trustees will
be given in our next.
Under our agricultural head will be
found a piece containing some interesting
reflections on farming, Sec. Knowing
that the greater number of our readers
belong to the farming interest, wc shall
continue, occasionally, to insert useful and
interesting essays on the all important
subject of Agriculture. In the northern
section of the Union, nothing is more
common than Agricultural Societies, Pre- patriotic, or humane ? No, wc boldly aver,
miums, and Cattle Shows ; here, they are i it is neither. Nor can any thing good, or
little known, as yet ; but we trust this will honorable, or patriotic, or humane, be ef
not long continue to be the case. Noth- fected by such means, Mr. Dwight may
ing has such a powerful tendency towards pretend to a great deal of philanthropy,
improving the agriculture of any section
of the country, as Agricultural Societies
well organized, Cattle Shows, and the ex
hibition of the various productions of la
bor and ingenuity. They seem to awa
ken the moral and physical faculties of
the farming community, and to spread
new life, light, and vigor, through the
whole. In this part of the country, we
really think, some stimulus is necessary,
and we flatter ourselves that the Rowan
Agricultural Society, now in embryo, will
produce the happiest effects. To show
our readers the light in whicji these things
are viewed to the north of this, we here
insert part of an editorial article from the
" American Farmer," of the 2 5th May,
a valuable paper printed in Baltimore :
" We have reason to believe that there
xviU be an immense concourse of Farmers ;
irOin UUS aim UlC UUjaiCUl oiaitoj at iu-
Cattle Show and Fair, which is to take
place at the Maryland Tavern, four miles
from town, on the Frederick turnpike road,
on the 7th and 8th of next month i June.)
The exhibition of live stock will far ex
ceed any thing of the kind which has hith
erto occurred in this state and besides
those brought as candidates for Premi
ums, there will be many brought, of the
different species, for sale. It is to be ho
ped that farmers will not be too backward
in bringing their stock to this first exhibi
tion. It cannot be expected that in the
commencement, great perfection will be
attained ; but every one ought, by way of
encouragement, to bring along whatever
they have that is in any way meritorious.
Should this first attempt go off well, it is
difficult to estimate the great advantages
that would accrue to the state, and to the
agricultural interest at large, from these
6emi-annual Fairs. An immediate im
provement of every kind of domestic an
imals will ensue, and a knowledge of the
best modes of cultivating ail sorts of pro
duce will be disseminated. It is not go
ing too far to say, that the agriculture of
the middle states will be seen to advance
instantaneously towards that point of per
... . . i
lection which has been, by similar meaus,
accomplished in tne eastern siaies.
rnor Tne ?r. t. mailt advertise!.
We have published some weeks since,
an instance or two of the savage barbari
ty naturally attendant on the slave trade,
as practised abroad.--YVre now present
our readers with a specimen of its remo
ter effects upon the laws and manners of
socictv at home. The following, adver
tisement is from a North-Carolina news
paper called The Caie Fear Recorder,
published at Wilmington, in that State,
and bears date, as will be observed, the
14th of April, 1821.
4 (Here follows the outlawry, and Mr.
Brown's advertisement as published in
the Recorder.)
One of the blessings of slavery, as sta
ted by the people where it so extensively
exists is, great refinement of manners. It
is but a short time since a South Carolina
news paper writer, when remarking upon
the publication alluded to in the introduc
tion of this article, inquired, if the editor
of the New-York Daily Advertiser had
never met with any of the accomplished
gentlemen from that part of the country.
Probably the same question may be put
by the North-Carolina magistrates, whose
names are published in the foregoing ad
vertisement. We have no disposition to
deprive them of any or all the merit which
they, or any other person, may lay claim
to asaLset-ofTto such a blood-thirsty pub-
ING i Is the spirit which clictaied this
public notice, and which would do credit
to A CANNIBAL, at all justified by the
fact, if fact it be, that it is sanctioned by
the laws of North-Carolina, and is accom
panied by the signatures and seals of a
couple of peace officers ? Whatjnust be
the state of things in a community living
under what is called a free government,
boasting of its high regard for -.iberty and
the rights of man, and above til claiming
viii:n us laws sanction
SIBILITY? We trust that the editors of papers, es
pecially in the free States, who have so
liberally published an article headed" Slan
der on the South," will give the foregoing
an insertion in their valuable papers, as
calculated to produce the same benefi
cent efforts.
Now, we would ask, what is the object
of the above article ? Is it any thing good ?
Is it any thing honorable ? Is it any thing
may trumpet forth his humanity and reli
gion, his sympathy for the poor Africans,
who are held in " durance vile' by the
southern "cannibals;" but if we are to
form our judgment of . him from his ac
tions, we should doubt very much whether
he possesses a spark of either. Yet if it
be an evidence of philanthropy, if it be an
evidence of religion, or of any good, or
moral, or patriotic principle, to sow the
seeds of discord and enmity, to scatter
" fire brands and death" among brethren
of the same family, and loosen the cords
which bind together a great and happy na
tion, then, we will allow, the editor of
the N.York Daily Advertiser may lay an
undoubted claim to them all.
Among the few northern editors who
continue to dole out their accustomed
slander on the South, for shameful abuse
Qnd violcncc Mr. Dwight slands pre.emi.
nent. It is not difficult to divine the cause
of his hostility to the South ; but we can
not easily conceive what motive can in
cluce the enlightened citizens of the great
est commercial city in the Union, whose
very pursuits are peculiarly calculated to
produce enlargement and liberality of feel
ing, to give currency, by their patron
age, to his pestiferous slanders, or to sup
port, as the editor of a public journal, a
man, who, since we have had any knowl
edge of him, has been foremost in the
ranks of disorganization ; and who, from
the cassock to the long robe, and from
that to the editor's chair, has been gui
ded by the same narrow and illiberal
views, and has pursued the same undc
viating line of policy, which, were it
generally followed by our fellow-citizens
in the northern section of the Union,
would scatter to the winds the blessings
we enjoy, and prostrate the only free gov
ernment in existence.
Mr. Dwight knew very well the circum
stances attending the outlawry of negro
Cupid; he knew they were such as to jus
tify it, even to a person of his squeamish,
suspicious morality. And if he wanted
examples of outlawry, of outlawry under
circumstances and for purposes compara
lively trivial, he might have found them
in a nation, which, we will venture to say,
stands higher in his estimation for virtue
and religion, and morality, and for excel
lence in every respect, than the boasted,
and, we freely acknowledge, truly respec
table and intelligent state of his nativity.
But nothing was farther from his inten
tions than to place the subject before his
leaders in its true light. His object was
to use it for the vile purpose of blacken
ing the character of the South ; of con
necting with the idea of slavery, oppres
sion, cruelty, murder ; and, by a natural
inference, of making the southern plan
ters guilty of all these. We may be
thought to judge too harshly ; but does
not the above piece fully bear us out ? Is
it not filled with illiberal sarcasms, and
sneers, and the most palpable perversion
of facts ? And does it exhibit any thing
of the spirit of one, who mildly points
out the faults of a friend, that he may
correct them I Does it not rather show
the malignancy of a person, who watches
with an eagle eye the conduct of an ene
my, that he may drag before the ---v
his most trivial errors, or cast ashadsf rswi tan satioal iStelligsxceb.
suspicion over even his best actions 1 por the information of persons in vari
It is notour whh to keep alive the it., ous parts of the United States ho are
. .i . i j 1 o Linnviniis to uuuw uit; icnv vui
We deeply deprecate these sectional jeal
ousies ; and we certainly could not justify
ourselves to our consciences, our country,
or our God, if any act of ours should have
a tendency to increase them, ot prolong
their existence. But it is violating no
duty to defend ourselves when attacked;
it would, rather, be violating every one,
not to do it. . Thus far we have merely
warded off the blows which have been
aimed at us; but we may at length be
compelled to enter the territories of our
opponents and rcvilers, and turn upon
them their own weapons. Self-defence
will alone compel us : and if, in such an
incursion, we should -happen " to spy cut
the nakedness of the la7id," should learn
some things which are not generally known,
and which, ivere they known, would add
nothing to the honor, or to the humanity,
or the morality, or religion, of cei tain parts
of the Union which claim a great share
of all these, :and if we should, on our
return, publish these things to the world,
could any one blame us ? And if we should
give a partial or distorted view of them,
or exhibit them with too dark a coloring,
or, by sarcasms, gibes, and inuendoes,
make that appear suspicious, or criminal,
or ridiculous, which was not so, could
Mr. Dwight blame us ? More anon,
We arc authorized to state, that JOHN L.
HENDERSON, Esq. will be a candidate at the
ensuing election, to represent, in the next Con
gress, the "district composed of the counties of
Rowan, Randolph and Chatham.
Your paper of the 1 7th ultimo, has
brought me a second communication from
the renowned and sapient " L-eonidas," by
which it appears that his bristles have been
raised. He roundly asserts, that he is
neither a Justice of the Peace, nor a
member of the Legislature ; which asser
tions 1 am willing to admit, as I have as
certained, from a source entitled to cred
it, that he is not liber et legalis homo,
as the law requires, and, consequently,
he could not hold either of those appoint
ments. But, one thing is clear ; he
wishes to impose himself upon the world as
a patriot of sterling integrity, and to induce
the belief that the public good is the sole
motive of his conduct. This idle parade
about patriotism is nothing more than the
language of egotism, which is the never
failing vice of little minds. His balder
dash about a wheelbarrow and a magnifi
cent building, Sec. if it has any sense or
meaning at all, goes to prove, that he has
been employed to convey manure from a
gentleman's barn-yard, and that he has,
probably, been a tenant oi, a magnincentj Book-Binding WSUCSS.
prison. If these remarks should affect -TT , ., tr . f 4l
.. c a , i : ' ' BHE subscriber respectfully informs the citi-
the feelings of Leomdas, it is no more 2ens of lhc Westn secfion of N. Carolina
than what he could reasonably expect, and . and the adjoining districts of S. Carolina, that he
What his sublime communication absolute- has established the Hook-Binding Business, in all
lv required. of its various branches, in the town of Salisbury,
In order to satisfy the most superficial -C- He has taken the store formerly occupied
, c ;, , ; r r by Hood Sc Knder, on Mam-street, three doors
observer, of the evil tendency of some of n-orth of lhe Court;ollse.
the acts of the last legislature, it is only ; Having devoted considerable time to acquire
necessary to view their operation. And,a competent knowledge of his business, in the
further, the Grand Jurors of a certain city of Baltimore, the subscriber flatters himself
... i r- i
county in North-Carolina have, upon their
oaths, presented several acts of the leg
tllC IClTlS
lature as nuisances. These men, no doubt,
acted from motives of the most pure and
patriotic kind. In fact, every intelligent
well meaning person that I have spoken
to on the subject, has highly disapproved
of several acts of the last legislature.
It is far from my intention to charge any
of the members of the legislature with
corrupt motives for doing what they
did ; their intention, in all probability,
was, to relieve, in some degree, the dis
tresses of many of our fellow citizens.
But have they done so? The answer will ir
resistibly follow, that they have not. Char
ity, therefore, will attribute their errors to
the fallibility of man. We have abundant
testimony from history to show, that leg
islative bodies as well as individuals, have
often, from the most holy motives, done
that from which the most pernicious con
sequences followed. It is, therefore, ab
surd to calculate on finding absolute per
fection in any of the acts of sophisticated
man. I cannot, therefore, entertain a fa
vorable opinion of any man's candour,
who will seriously affirm, that the laws
enacted at the last legislature are as per
fect as they should be : and, indeed, 1
could not avoid suspecting his sincerity, if
he would maintain that they are all good
It may not be amiss to repeat what I
stated in a former communication, that
there is not one intelligent person in the
state, (one who is in any manner conver
sant with trade,) who will pretend to say
that constables have discharged their du
ties as faithfully as the sheriffs. Nor do
I believe that they ever will, until they
are more strictly required thereunto by
ons for pensions, on account of Revolu
tion services, we think proper to state,
that wing to the extraordinary pressure
of busing n the Pension Office, many
letters fron-tiiese persons, or their agents
in their behaii, are unavoidably laid aside;
it being impracticable to answer all. It
may, however,; relieve them from their
anxiety to be iiformed that all the cases
now in the Pemion Office, and not acted
on. will be cxamiied nrevlous to the semi-
annual payment ji September next; and,
when acted on, t'ie decisions will be duly j
icparteu to tac' parties concenieu. n
- t! i tri
sucn cases were ail immeuiateiy laKCii up,
1- - 1
and decided in fatcr of the applicants, no !
difference woukl be'made as to the time i
rj-jjj(jg JJ3 tfie time '
of receiving their stipends, or the amount j
to be paid them, as no payment can take
place till September, andycry one whose
claim may meet with a iavorable decision,
will receive the same amount as if his
name were already inscribed the pen
sion list. These remarks apply to every
class of applicants for revolutionia'y pen
sions. Stocks At New -York the Stock of
the new United States Loan at 5 per cent,
has sold at an advance of wine per cent
being four per cent, more than is paid to
the United States for it. U. States Bank
Stock is selling at 117 to 118. These
prices indicate hbw little employment
there is at present for the capital of monied
men. ib.
Our readers have already seen that the
secretary of the treasury has issued a no
tice for paying off the residue of the Mis
sissippi stock, on the 1st of August. We
understand that the balance of the Lotii
si?na stock has already been redeemed.
The amount of the former is estimated at
about 700,000, and of the latter at near
ly S2)IGO,000, inclusive of interest. id.
Paufierism. A town meeting took
place at Providence, R. I. on the 1 5th. inst.
at which a tax was agreed to of 20,000 dol
lars, and a committee appointed to report
an improved system for the support of the
poor. The object, we understand, is to
find employment, instead of giving pectini
ary aid to such paupers as are ab'e to w ork
This reformation in the poor-laws, wc are hap
py to see, is about being attempted simultane
ouslv in different sections of the countrv hav-
insr been commenced in this city some weeks
ng-o. considering tne cnange oi consiueraoie
importance to the well-being- and happiness of
our society, we are glad that the experiment is
to be fairly made at several points at once. ib.
The Minerva, from Samos, brinp-s dis
patches from Luther Bradish, Esq. our
charge d'affaires at Constantinople. Mr.
Bradish left that citv on the 8th of March
for Alexandria, on his way to the Holy
Land, and to return in the summer to re
ceive the decision of the Turkish govern
ment on the subject of his mission.
jYav- York Mer. Ad-ver.
maT- n.e w be .abIe to execute every kind oi
i M O VT IV UUVi Uli 113 VAiAU AAA,
give general satisfaction.
Merchants and others, can have Blcuik Books
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
I equal in execution, and as cheap, as any that can
be brought trom the North.
Salisbury, June 8, 1821. 53
cV "Review
"F David Henkel's Pamphlet is in the press.
m licit iv v- a a a tipiuc w ia in uiv, i x co-7
onest xcadcis will not decide before thev
read both.
June 9, 1821.
W T: v t W, " , 1uccA- -1""Uiie"1
m Salisbury and the adjacent country. He
occupies the shop of the late Dr. William Moore.
June 8, 1821. Iwp
The TwbYic
T7 ILL take notice, that, on the 24th instant,
T v I purchased a negro man of a man who
called himself Obadiah Fields, for the sum of six
hundred dollars; and for which I gave my bond jn thi3 cause it is ordered, that publication b -for
five hundred and seventy dollars, payable six ; made six weeks in the Western Carolinian, th.r;
weeks after the date thereof : And from a va- j unieSs John Charmichael, who resides out thi
riety of circumstances, 1 have good reason to statCj aiKj is a defendant in this caue, sV.!?
believe the said negro is not good property. I , appear at the next Superior Court of Law . :
therefore forewarn all persons from trading for ; Enuitv to be held for the countv of Wilkes a.
.TI T r T t a. r 11 - . . , " .
saia uonu, as i am aexermmeu iiol iu pay saui
ii 1 .it. .jI!
oonu, until l can ascertain vnemer or not tne
said negro is good property.
Lincoln countv, JV. C. D. LUTZ.
May 29, 1821. 5 t55p
AUGII & FINLY versus James M'Guier :
Original attachment, returned to Mav
Session, 1821. It is ordered bv the court, that
publication be made in the Western Carolinian
for three months, that the defendant, James Mac
Guier, appear at the next Court of Pleas and
Quarter Sessions to be held for the county of
Ashe, on the second Monday after the fourth
Monday in July next, and plead, answer, or de
mur, otherwise judgment by default final will
New Stage
nnilE subscriber, v. ho
iSa JL contractor tor curv. u, j
.iU. t if TT. Status Ma;l betweo'
5&fliLd5 Raleigh and Salisbury, t
vav of Randolph, Chatham, Sec. respectfully in
forms the public, that lie has fitted up an vwUrt.
NEW STAGE; which, added to other hr.prove
ments that have been made, will enahl him t
carry PASSENGERS with as much co:-..f rt : v.d
expedition as they can be carried by uay line of"
stag-es in this pan of the country. The scarcity ;
of money, the reduction in the price of produee,
Sec. demand a correspondent redaction in every
department of life : Therefore, the subscriber
has determined to radace the rate of a . 'e
iVom tris-ht to cents per mise. lientkmeu
raveling inm wc ec v i, .m , - - v
subscriber's, as he iVoTs assured it only
needs u trhd to uu a
... .
The Staire arrives m Sahsburv everv i ;:cs-;av.
o or y o clack, and lepans thence !-r ue,e;ii
1 all"e ill w - mi. u auina .ii i- i-
1 ra-v evening, ami leaves more tor
Jl OitLLU VUt -w J 1V rv
Afatf 22, 1S21.
THE well known stand in I.eNingtor!, ?. C .
known by the nan. of th.e Swa:i Jn- r::,
with one and a half Town Lots, with -ood Sta
bles, a Kitchen, and all necessary G-:t-IIo mscs.
The Dwelling-house is roomv, and well tnrni.icd
with furniture, which may be had by the pur
Also, 130 acres of good LAND, joining town.
The plantation is in a hili state of cultivation.
I will make the payments easy, as tunes arc .;;.
For terms, apply to the subscriber in I..cxhu "ton.
.17A, 1821.
COURT of Pleas and Quarter Sess-ons, May
Term, 1821. Henry Williams r-v. Wil!ia:n
Cutler; Original attachment, Jesse A. P.- .r-o-.i
and others summoned as garnishees. It appear
ing to the satisfaction of the court that the tle
fendant is not an inhabitant of this state, it is
therefore ordered, that publication be made for
three months in the Western Carolinian, printec?
in Salisbury, that the defendant appear at tha
next Court of Pleas and Quarter Ses:ous to hct
heldforthe county of Rowan, at thetourt-fhi -in
Salisbury, on the third Monday in A;iix i?t next,
then and there to replevy, plead, or e'er: -ur, or
judgment will be taken ag-ainst him bv defaulL.
Ilvt63 Test: J NO. GILES, C. A C. C.
OURT of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, V
Term, 1821. Richmond Pear
s exc cu-
tor and executrix r,?. William I.-mghern. Johtt
Caloway, and J. S. Rurwcll 'h iinal attach
ment, levied on land. It appear i.i to !io satis
faction of the court that the defendants are no:
inhabitants of tills state, it is therefore o-iVtviI
that publication be made for six weeks ia 'he
Western Carolinian, nrinted in S;?l:sbi:
' the defendants appear at the next Court of S L-
and Quarter Sessions to be held for he eountv
of Rowan, at the Court-llouse in Salisbury, on
the third Monday in August next, then and there
to replevy, plead, or demur, or judgment will
be taken against them bv default.
6vtoS Test: JNO. GILES, C. Ii. C. C.
GEORGE BOWER vs. James M?Guier : Orig
inal attachment, returned to May s-iou.
1821. It is ordered by the court, that publica
tion be made in the Western Cu' oha'a? f s r
three months, that the defendant, Janes ;i r,
Sessions to be held for the county f A-.! :, w
the second Monday after the fourth M, ;v: a v.
July next, and plead, answer, or demur, o'lu-r-wise
judgment by default final will be ci; . : .d
up against hiin.
10vt59 TIIOS. CALLOWAY, Cbn-k.
LEONARD SHOWN versus Tames M'Guief r
Original attachment, returned to My ses
sion, 1821. It is ordered by the court, that pub
lication be made in the Western Carolin a.: ilr
three months, that the defendant, James M'C ; -er.
appear at the next Court cf Picas and Quarter
Sessions to be held for the county of As'.v . on
the second Monday after the fourth Monday in
July next, and plead, answer, or demur, oiul i
wise judgment by default final will be entered
up against him.
10vto9 TIIOS. CALLOWAY, Ct.-rk.
Original attachment, returned to Mav
A.; -t -i i A- . i
?on: U,1S ordered by the court, tiJ?t p u)
lication be made m tlie Western Carolinian t
three months, that the defendant, Janu s !,PG;iicr
appear at the next Court of Picas and Quarte
Sessions to be heldforthe county of Ashe, cr.
the second Mondav after the fourth Moiniav r
Jalv next, and plead,- answer, or demur, o:!
;lidsrinent1bv default final will be cm.
up against him.
j j Montford Stokes versus John CharmicI, ,f !.
tjle court house in Wilkesborousrn. on tiie sec
Mondav in September next, and answer, th
will be taken pro cor.fesso, and heard cx pan.
March 19, 1821.
J. GWYN, Jim. C. .11.
Rutherford Coftnty :
OBERT K. WILSON versus William Beatv:
Original attachment, levied on land. It 5-
ordered that publication be made in the Wes
tern Carolinian for months, that unless t:.e
defendant appear at our Court of Pleas au-;I
Quarter Sessions, to be held for said county
the court-house in Rutherfordton, on the secon i
Monday in July next, and replevy, plead, or
mur, judgment final will be entered again-c h: u.
and the property condemned, subject to t'
tf TRp9 v 'p ST AT Lb ruu
rr arm of the law
be entered un against mm.
nlatr.uli s recovcrv. owuo
with all the aggravation of envj
kYAY, Clerk:
I lQvrt59 - THGS.

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