rniyrED and published, EVtnr tueseat, Lv BINGHAM & WHITE, TEKMS : The subscription to tlie Western- Carolinian is Three Dollars per annum, payable half-yearly in advance. No paper will be discontinued until al arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of the Editors ; and any subscriber failing1 to give notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a year, will be considered as wishing1 to continue the paper, which will be sent accordingly. "Whoever will become responsible for the payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth gratis. Advertisements will be inserted on the cus tomary terms. m m Persons sending in Adver tisements, must specify the number of times they wish them inserted, or they will be continued till ordered out, and charged accordingly. No advertisement inserted until it has been paid for, or its payment assumed by some person in this town, or its vicinity. , CCj'All letters to the editors must be post-paid, or they will not be attended to. S'egYoes toi. Sale. ON the Last Thursday in July, at the Court Ilouse in Salisbury, will be sold, on a credit of six months, several valuable young NEGBO Boys and Girls, belonging to the estate of the late Col. Richmond Pearson, deceased. J. A. PEARSON, Executor. E. PEARSON, Executrix. June 25, 1821.-, 55ts Xerw Goods. flfHE subscriber is now opening, at his Store 1. in Salisbury, a general and well selected assortment of DRY GOODS, HARD-WARE, and MEDICINES, Just received direct from New-York and Phila delphia, and laid in at prices that will enable him to sell remarkably low. His customers, Und the public, are respectfully invited to call and ex amine for themselves. All kinds of Country Produce received in exchange. Iat78 J. MURPHY. Toy Sale, THE well known stand in Lexington, N. C. known by the name of the Siran Tavern, with one and a half Town Lots, with good Sta bles, a Kitchen, and all necessary Out-Houses. The Dwelling-house is roomy, and well furnished with furniture, wliich may be had by the pur chaser. Also, 130 acres of good LAND, joining town. The plantation is in a high state of cultivation. I will make the payments easy, as times are hard. For terms, apply to the subscriber in Lexington. MICHAEL BEARD. J fay 7 th, 1S21. lQvt5S erw Stage o vieAg. THE subscriber, who is contractor for carrying the U. States Mail between Raleigh and Salisburv, bv way of Randolph, Chatham, &c. respectfully in forms the public, that he has fitted ut an entire NEW STAGE; which, added to other improve ments that have been made, will enable him to carry PASSENGERS with as much comfort and expedition as they can be carried by any line of stages in this part of the country. The scarcity of money, the reduction in the price of produce, Jcc. demand a correspondent reduction in even department of life : Therefore, the subscriber lias determined to reduce the rate of passage from eijht to six cents per mile. Gentlemen travelling from the West to Raleigh, or by way of Raleigh to the North, are invited to try the subscriber's Stage, as he feels assured it only needs a trial to gain a preference. The Stage arrives in Salisbury every Tuesday, 8 or 9 o'clock, and departs thence for Raleigh the same day at 2 o'clock; it arrives in Raleigh Fridav evening, and leaves there for Salisbury on Saturday at 2 o'clock. 3fu 221821. 50 JOHN LANE. T!HE subscriber takes this method of inform ing his friends, and the public in general, that he has established himself in the house for merly occupied br the Rev. Peter Eaton, in the Town of Iluntsvillc, Sum' county, N. Carolina; and has been at considerable expense in making lis rooms commodious and comfortable, for the reception of Travellers, and all who may favor him with their custom. His Sideboard is pro vided with Liquors of the best quality, and his Stables with every thing requisite for Horses; and hopes, by particular attention, to merit a share of public patronage. M UMFOUD D E J O RN AIT. Hun faille, D'c. IT, 1820. SO N. B. The subscriber continues to carry on tlie Cabinet J'usincss ,- and will execute all or ders with neatness and despatch, for cash, credit, or country produce. M. D. T?ft' Dollys IVcwftYft. AN away from the subscriber, at Charlotte, . Mecklenburg county, N. Carolina, a Negro Boy by the name of SIMON; dark complexion, j-fo'ut made, and five feet seven or eight inches ii:rh. He sneaks low wiicn spoken to. It is smmoscd mat nc win maice towarus uie couiuv of Prince "William, Virginia, as he was purchased in that con untv. I will trive tlie above reward if the said negro is delivered to Isaac If ihe, Con cord, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollars if secured in any jail, and information given, so that I get him Tain. E AN VSlLiL.. 'Vlrc-' 21, 1821. 50 The Editors of the Richmond Enquirer are requested to insert the above advertisement six weeks, and send their account to the office of the Western Carolinian for payment. VyHs Venditioni lrjq?onas9 For sale at this Office. Education. ON the first of October next, the Pleasant Retreat Academy, at Lincolnton, N. C. will open under the: superintendence of the Ilcv. Messrs. Mesa at and Bell. In this institution will be taught the different branches of English and Classical Education, such as Heading, n ting, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, Mathematics, Moral and Natural Philosophy, the Greek and Latin Languages, and, if required, pupils will be instructed in the German and He brew Languages. The suitableness of the Buildings, in point of comfort and convenience, together with the cheapness of boarding, the established moral character of the villagers and icinity, the health iness of the place, and the wed known and ac knowled abilities of the gentlemen who will conduct the exercises of the Academy, give this Institution a decided preference to any in the state. 1 he Trustees do, therefore, confidently feel the;nselves entitled to a liberal share of public patronage ; and expecting it, they pledge themselves that nothing shall be wanting on their part to promote the improvement of the students. Bv order of the Board. I). UEINHAli I )T, Secretary. TJncolnton, V. C. June 5, 1821. 3vt53 YADKIN Navgftton Uonvny. "VTOTICE is hereby given, that the President 1. and Directors of the Yadkin Navigation Company have required the payment of the sev enth, eighth and ninth instalments, often dollars each, upon every share subscribed, to be made to the Treasurer of the Company, or to such Agents as they shall appoint to receive the same : And that payment of said instalments be made on or before the 6th day of August next, or the slmres of the subscribers failing to pay, will be sold at auction, at .the town of Salisbury, North Carolina, on Monday, the 10th day of Septem ber next. FRANCIS LOCKE, President pro tern. Of the Yadkin J'avi Ration Company. June 20, 1821. 55tSplO STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, ASHE COUNTY. EORGE BOWER vs. James M'Guier: Orig J$' inal attachment, returned to May session, 1821. It is ordered by the court, that publica tion be made in the Western Carolinian for three months, that the defendant, James M'Guier, appear at the next Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to be held for the county of Ashe, on the; second Monday after the fourth Monday in July next, and plead, answer, or demur, other wise judgment by default final will be entered up against him. 10wt59 THOS. CALLOWAY, Cleric. STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, ASIIF COUNTY. LEONARD SHOWN versus James M'Guier: Original attachment, returned to May ses sion, 1821. It is ordered by the court, that pub lication be made in the Western Carolinian for three months, that the defendant, James M'Guier, appear at the next Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to be held for the county of Ashe, on the; second Monday after the fourth Monday in July next, and plead, answer, or demur, other wise judgment by default final will be entered up against him. lOwtol) THOS. CALLOWAY, ClnX. STATE OP NORTH-CAROLINA, A SUF. COUNTY. T?i7ATJGH Sc FINLY versus James M'Guier : V V Original attachment, returned to May Session, 18J1. It is ordered by the court, that publication be made in tiie Western Carolinian for three months, titat the defendant, James Mac Guier, appear at the next Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to be held for the county of Ashe, on the second Monday after the fourth Monday in July next, and plead, answer, or de mur, otherwise judgment by default final will be entere-i rTf against him. 10wt59 Til OS. CALLOWAY, Clerk. STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, ASHE COUNTY. rOONROI) SMlTTIATtw. James M'Guier: Afi Original attachment, returned to May ses sion, 1821. It is ordered by the court, that pub lication be made in the Western Carolinian for three months, that the defendant, James M'Guier, appear at the next Court of Pleas and Quarter. Sessions to be held l'or the county of Ashe, on the second Monday after the fourth Monday in July next, and plead, answer, or demur, other wise judgment by default final will be entered up against hiu'i. " 10wto9 THOS. CALLOWAY, Clerk. STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, ROWAN COUNTY. C OURT of Picas and Quarter Sessions, May ' Term, 1821. Henry Williams vs. William Butler; Original attachment, Jesse A. Pearson and others summoned as garnisliees. It appear ing to the satisfaction of. the court that the de fendant is not an inhabitant of this state, it is therefore ordered, that publication be made for three months in the Western Carolinian, printed in Salisbury, that the defendant appear at the next Court of Picas and Quarter Sessions to he held for the county of Rowan, at the Court-House in Salisbury, on the third Monday in August next, then and there to replevy, plead, or demur, or judgment'will be taken against him by default. Ilwt63 Test: JNO. GILES, C.J. C. C. STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, It O WAN COUNTY. CIOURT of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, May ' Term, 1821. Richmond Pearson's execu tor and executrix vs. ilham Langhorn, John Caloway, and J. S. Burwell Original attach ment, levied on land. It appearing to the satis faction of the court that the defendants are not inhabitants of this state, it is therefore ordered that publication be made fr six weeks in the "Western Carolinian, printed in Salisbury, that the defendants appear at the next Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to be held for the county of Rowan, at tlie Court-IIousc in Salisbury, en the third Monday in August next, then and "there to replevy, plead, or demur, or judgment will be taken against them by default. 0wt5S Test: JNO. GILES, C.Jl. C. C. THE SAULT 1)E ST. MAI ill' rnoM schoolcraft s NinnvrivE. " The commanding position of the Sault de St. Marie, on the outlet of .Lake Superior, and at the head of ship navigation, had early pointed it out to the French as an advantageous site for a military and trading post, and we accordingly find that it was occupied as such at an early period of the set tlement of Canada. By this place all the fur trade of the northwest is com pelled to pass, and it is the grand thor oughfare of Indian communication for the upper countries, as far as the arctic circle. Independent of these circumstances, the advantages of tak ing the white fish at the foot of the ra pids, have always rendered it a place of resort to the Indian tribes of the re gion, particularly during the summer season, when the hunting is most pre carious. No place could, therefore, be better adapted to acquire an influ ence over the savage tribes, to monop olise their commerce, and to guard the frontier settlements against their incur sions: It is, indeed, surprising to re flect upon the early enterprise and sound judgment of the French in seiz ing upon the points commanding all the natural avenues and passes of the lakes, particularly when it is considered that these selections must necessarily have been the result of an intimate ac quaintance with -the geographical fea tures of the country. T his is yearly proved by the re-occupation of posts and places long neglected, but the im portance of which has become appar ent in proportion as we have set a just value upon the Indian trade and the natural advantages of the country. Perhaps in no instance is this more strikingly exempli fied than in the Sault, the commanding positiou of which, al though always known to traders, has but lately been perceived by our gov ernment. The advantages wliich a ri val nation has taken of this neglect, could not fail to excite attention at a period when such laudable exertions are making in all parts of the Union, to explore the geography, and to call into action the hidden resources, of the country; and it appears to have'been among the primary objects of the ex pedition to prepare the way for the in troduction of an American garrison at that place. To attain this object a council of the chiefs of the Chippeway tribe was this morning summoned at the Governor's marquee, and the views of the government explained to them. By the treaty of Greenville, of 177G, a saving clause had been inserted by Gen. Wayne, covering any gifts or grants of land in the Northwest terri tories, which the Indians had former ly made to the French or English gov ernments, and this clause has been re newed or confirmed by treaties with the same tribes, since the conclusion of the late war. Under this treaty the U. States claimed the concession for merly made at the Sault to the French, by virtue of which it has been occupied as a military post. It was now propo sed to treat for settling the boundaries of the grant, and in this way obtain an acknowledgment and renewal of it. These things were distinctly stated through the interpreter. The Indians, seated in their usual ceremonious man ner, listened with attention, and several of the chiefs spoke in reply. They were evidently opposed to the proposi tion, and first endeavored to evade it by pretending to know nothing of the former grant ; but this point being pressed home, was afterwards given up still they continued to speak in an evasive and desultory manner, which amounted to a negative refusal. It was also observable that there was no great unanimity of opinion amongthem, and some animated discussions, be tween themselves, took place. Some appeared in favor of settling the boun dary, provided it was not intended to be occupied by a garrison, saying that they were afraid, in that case, their young men might prove unruly, and kill the cattle and hogs that should stray from the garrison. This was in tended as an insidious threat, and I was peculiarly struck with the reply of Gov. Cass to the chief who had thrown it out, in which he said. that, as to the establishment of a garrison at the Sault, they might give themselves no uneasi ness, for that point was already settled, and so sure as the sun, which was then rising, would set, so sure would there be an American garrison sent to that place, whether they renewed the grant or not. Such decision has always great weight with the Indians, and in the pre sent instance was peculiarly so, as a casual, but indiscreet and unauthorized conversation which had been held by some officers of our party with one of the chiefs, before the council assem bled, had given them to understand that the United States did not wish to occupy the Sault as a military post.' They were, however, determined not to accede to our wishes ; and, in see ing ourselves surrounded by a brilliant assembly of chiefs, dressed in costly broadcloths, feathers, epaulets, medals, and silver wares, of British fabric, and armed from the manufactories of Bir mingham, all gratuitously given, we could not mistake the influence by which they were actuated in this nego ciation. When, therefore, several hours had been spent, during the latter part of which the Indians employed a very animated language, and strong gesticulation, the council broke up somewhat abruptly, without assenting to the proposition. The last chief who spoke called "the Count," (a brigadier in the British service,) in the course of his speech drew his war-lance and struck it furiously in the ground before him, and assumed a look of savage wildness, which appeared to produce a corresponding effect upon the other Indians ; for there was an evident agi tation among them during the latter part of the council : and when he left the marquee kicked away the presents which had been laid before him. 44 On breaking up, they proceded di rectly to their encampment, and we dis persed to our tents. A few moments only had, however, elapsed, before it was discovered that the Indians had hoisted the British flag in the midst of their encampment. On hearing this Gov. Cass immediately ordered the ex pedition under arms, and, calling the interpreter, proceeded, with no other escort, to the lodge of the chief before whose door it had been erected, took down the insulting flag, and carried it back to our camp. Upon this occasion he entered the lodge of the chief who raised it, (the same who had before drawn his war-lance in council,) and told him that it was an indignity they were not permitted to offer upon the American territories ; that we were their natural guardians and friends, and were always studious to render them strict justice, and to promote their peace and happiness ; but the flag was the distinguishing token of nation al power, connected with our honor and independence that two national standards could not fly in peace upon the same territory and that they were forbid to raise any but our own, and if they should again presume to attempt it, the United States would set a strong foot upon their necks, and crush them to the earth. "This intrepid conduct struck the Indians with astonishment, and pro duced an effect wThich we were not, at the moment, sensible was all that pre vented an open rupture. In ten min utes from the Governor's return to our camp, the Indians cleared their lodges of every woman and child, cov ering the river with canoes, and expect ing so decisive a step to be followed by a general attack on their camp. In the mean time, it was looked upon by the expedition as a preparatory move ment to the savage war whoop, and we stood prepared to encounter the shock. Our number, at this time, including Lieut. Pierce's command, was sixty six men, well armed and prepared, about thirty of whom were United States' soldiers. The number of In dian warriors then upon the ground was between seventy and eighty, being all well armed in the Indian manner. 44 Our encampment was regularly formed upon the green, near the banks of the river. The Indians occupied an eminence which was formerly the site of the French fort, at the distance of five or six hundred yards, and sep arated from us by a small river. We were kept in this state of alarm for some time, when the Indians having ceased to hold themselves in a hostile attitude, the soldiers were dismissed to their tents. In the mean time, an over ture was proposed by tome of the ol der chiefs, who had not been oresem at the council in the morning, and about seven o'clock in the evening, a treaty was concluded and signed, by which they cede to the United States a tract of land four miles square, com mencing at the Sault and extending two miles up, and the same distance down the river, with a depth of four miles, including the portage and the site of the village and old fort, but re serving the right of fishing at the falls, and of encampment upon the shore. When the agreement was concluded, the Indian ceremony of smoking the pipe of peace, and shaking hands, as mentioned in Day X. was performed, and their signatures by mark, were af terwards obtained. For this cession of land they were paid on the spot, in blankets, knives, silver wares, broad cloths, and other Indian goods." CAMPAIGN AT NEW-ORLEANS. rilOM THE NATION At INTELLIGENCE. Gentlemen: It will probably before long become a question among our schoolmen 4 whether it is not a moral impossibility for an English writer to speak the truth of this country V Copious extracts are now going the rounds of tlie newspapers, f without comment, as usual, J from a work late ly published in England, called a 44 N ar rative of the Campaigns of the British Army at Washington and New-Orleans." It has been pronounced by some of our courteous newspapers, as 44 in the main tolerably impartial," al though it is pretty certain, I believe, that those who make this admission know no more of the real facts connec ted with these events than any other person who was not an eye witness. As a proof of the impartially of the writer I shall merely observe that, be sides doubling, and sometimes trebling, the American forces opposed to him, he studiously conceals, at least in all ex tracts that I have seen, the important fact, that a great majority of these was raw militia, who had never been in ser vice before. At Baltimore he speaks of them as 44 infantry'' simply, and the natural conclusion, as well as the con clusion he evidently wishes his readers to draw, is, that they were regularly enlisted, organized, and disciplined troops. At New-Orleans, according to his statement, the Americans con sisted of 25,000 troops, f Jioth'uig about militia, J entrenched behind their lines. Now what will people abroad, whose ideas of an army are altogether limited to a regular force, think of this ? Why, most assuredly, that 8,000 British troops marched against 25,000 Ameri can regulars entrenched up to the chin, which aforesaid regulars did not dare to leave those intrenchments in pursuit of the enemy, after he was entirely cut up and retreating! Yet, for all this, 44 the work is in the main tolerably impartial." But the greatest proof of this writer's impartiality and respect for truth, is his account of the extraordinary man ncr in which the Americans fired from their entrenchments. Baron Munchau sen shooting round a hill is the only parallel we recollect. Speaking of the British troops, he says : 44 It .was in vain that the most obsti nate courage was displayed. They fell by the hands of men whom they abso lutely did not see ; for the Americans without so much as lifting their faces above the rampart, swung their frelocks by guc arm over the wall, and discharged thim directly upon our heads." This a species of shooting altogeth er new, and does such credit to Amer ican ingenuity as well as strength, that we are sorrv we can't believe it. In the first place, we presume the rampart was rather too broad to allow of a mus ket being 44 swung over it with one hand," and discharged upon the heads. Gf the assailants immediately under. In the second place, an American mus ket, much more an American rifle, is rather too heavy to be held and dis charged at the same time with one hand. In the third place, the immense pro portion of officers of rank killed and wounded, proves pretty clearU tha: the Americans did not fire at raudouu but took aim at the most consp: .; ;

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