tuesda1' 3l 1821
JianJt?h mintl'JulU 21, 1821.
It is a singular fact,1 your papers, although
printed within 30 mil f this office, arrive here
four days later than3e printed in Baltimore.
By this mail I rccvctl yours dated the 10th
inst. and Baltimore)aPcls dated the 1 1th. It is
a little surprising
that the 1. M. at Salisbury
sends your pape yia Raleigh to this office, by
a circuitous rou5 f 200 miles, when the direct
mail route by jexington is not more than thirty
miles. The ialeigh Star is also forwarded to
this office by Salisbury, and arrives one week
Tater than the Register, which is printed in the
sanTtcwn, and comes by the direct route via
Cliapel-Hilir- A notice of these errors published
ia your paper, nvght correct the evil, and have
a tendency to gratify the wishes of subscribers
to your paper, and also the Raleigh Star.
I am, Gentlemen, yours respectfully,
II. G. MURDOCH,
P. Jf. Gray's Store.
It is an unpleasant and unprofitable business
to find fault ; nine times out often, it is attrib
uted to fretfulness, without inquiring whether
there is cause of complaint or not. We do not
publish the above letter for the purpose of cen
suring the P. M. in this town, but with the hope
that it may elicit an inquiry on the subject, from
an authority competent to correct these errors,
as Mr. Murdoch calls'them. It is true we have
received complaints before, from other quarters,
without publishing them ; but there is a request
in this. ...in the others there was none. Editor.
Many persons who write for a newspa
per, (as well as some pamphleteers,) think
as little of "having their productions cor
rect, either in their orthography or syn
tax, as if it were a matter of not the
smallest consequence; and as to making
them Irgible, it is what they never think
of. The printer, they seem to suppose,
iscapable of ciccv pherini characters which
are neit'ier Hebrew, nor deck, nor Ilo
man, and which bear no resemblance to
any tiling either in heaven :bovc, or the
earth beneath : being thus put at a non
plus, as the lawyers would say, be at
tempts to guess, and, as it frequently bap
pens, he guesses ivrong ; the consequence
is, the epithets blundering, careless, and,
perhaps, stupid, are applied to him, in the
civilest manner possible, to be sure, but
in such generous profusion, that he is fain
to cry out, bold ! enough ! But this is
treating a serious subject in an i?z-serious
way. The fact is, there is too much sad
reality in it, to permit of the least degree
of levity ; for if we have escaped this rack
ing and torturing of the feelings, a great
proportron,of newspaper editors have not ;
but we claim no exemption from the com
Will Single may thank us (or not, just
as be pleases) for the preceding remarks,
as his piece called them forth. And will
" he be pleased, in return, to inform us
whether it was from, economy , or from
what, that lie used seven separate scraps
of paper on which to write his communi
cation in this week's paper ? But what is
more singular than all, and which came
very near adding a new wrinkle to our
foreheads,) is, that on neither of these
pieces of paper is one side connected with
the other ! Wc at firsti thought we had
fot some cross readings; and that was
what puzzled us. B it we at last luckily
discovered they had flios; and these ser
ved, like the thread of Ariadne, to extri
cate us from o?ir difficulties. Will is
thanked, however, for Ins communication ,
and although this is really his first at
tempt," wc would thank him next time to
write as methodically as he did in the one
previous to this his " first attempt
ATr. 3"vir, Secretary Slanderer of
- j '
the South, Sec. See. Sec. since his late
base attack on thc character of our state,
in consequence of the justifiable outlawry
.of nero Cupid, for repeated attempts to
Wilmington, has received frc
3CI ill b i." 1 '
qucnt potions from thc Cape Fear Recor
der, difficult, we allow, to swallow, but cal
culated to restore a healthful tone to his
system. His disease, as our readers must,
ere this, be sensible, is of a most malig
nant type, and is seated (we judge from
near the rctricn of
J " " v J J "
the heart ; the difficulty, therefore, of com
ing at it. must be apparent : but while there
is life, there is hope'. The editor of the
Recorder certainly deserves credit for his
benevolent and unremitting attentions to
Mr. Divight ; whether they meet with a
grateful reception, we cannot say, as we
have no correspondence with the worthy
Secretary. Wc hope he will not add to
all his other sins, the sin of ingratitude.
We extract the following from the last
I'ccorder: the intention, doubtless, was
good : but we arc fearful the sound of the
latter article will not come like music upon
the cars of Mr. JDivight :
Highly Important! We forgot last
week to inform Mr. D wight, that wc
have received from the commercial
Metropolis a cargo or two of " Indian
corn," and a fresh supply of 44 Cow-
Mr. Dwight says we feed ourslaveson Indian
Com Ay ! and ourselves too, most noble Scc
retarv. FOIl THE WESTEUV CAROLI5IAX.
The Subject cf the u Western College"
In a preceding attempt to stimulate the
friends of the intended institution to ex
ertion, imd to awaken the attention of the
public at large, several thoughts were ex
hibited, as they occurred to the mind of
the writer, of a general nature, without
any advice, or directions as to the steps of
procedure, to carry the design into execu
tion. As to the manner in which matters
should be conducted, at this very impor
tant stage of the business, there may be
a diversity of opinion in the minds of those
who are equally interested in its welfare.
A periect work, trom lmpcriect agents,
cannot be rationally expected. There is
no man,. or body of men, secure from er
ror. All must pay, at some time, or in
some shape or other, that tribute of im
perfection, which is due to human nature.
But w hen the mind is intent to obtain an
object, it will commonly direct the most
proper and successful means.
The first consideration, and that of the
highest magnitude, which presents itself,
is, the realizing a fund, sufficient to give
the institution a respectable and imposing
commencement. On this subject the
writer will venture a few suggestions.
As the H't'stern College is intended for a
public scat of learning, the public must
build it, endow it, and finally perpetuate
its existence. If this position be correct,
it will follow, that a primary and essen
tial step to be taken, will be to interest the
minds of the people in the undertaking
lo instruct them as to its necessity and
probable advantages to themselves, to the
rising generation and posterity, from age
to age, to the most distant period of time.
Soon after the commencement of the
American revolution in the year 1774
177 5, Congress sent forth some known
and influential characters lo travel into the
various provinces, to inform, to excite,
and to combine the minds of the people ;
in tne cause oi liberty, something sim-: lioneu? that wjh be more popular in the
ilar to this, it is thought, mtut now be done, ; cycs of thc community at large, than oth
and soon done, to give animation and crs
strength to the intended institution, j he seCond item mentioned, is that of
Should th-c people be cold and indifferent, j Centralicy. This might be difficult to as
you can do but little. Dut use the means rrtil:n nt n,.PS(,nt. inasmuch as our hound.
to create in their hearts the fund of ap-
probation, or good will, and the fund indis- ;
penally iiccc&smy wmiiaiuiaw, ;
t must rise bv public opinion, pumic imping, where the -indents generally remain,
raise, auu puonc patronage, u u use at :
11 All 1 I
Ml. All should be embodied in the dc-
sign of creating funds; let no citizen,
, ' i
however poor, or obscure, escape youi no-
. 1 ,
It will certainly be a part of the duties
of thc Trustees, at their meeting, to con
sider what extent of country, either in
this, or in the State of South-Carolina,
may probably unite in thc design. With
a view to lead the wav to obtain a universal
contribution, let that extent cf country'
(be it more or less) be divided off into a
certain number of districts ; say two coun
ties composing one. Let a public char
acter be appointed to travel into each of
these districts, (and if convenient accom
panied by a layman of respectable stand
ing in society, to inform the people at
large, as to the nature and objects of the
institution, and interest them in its favour.
This measure is not intended to supersede
or check any other means, of a more lim
ited nature, which may be thought advis
able, to collect funds.
The utmostpains should be taken to
render subscriptions as universal as possi
ble, that the burden may not be felt by
any ; that all ranks and conditions in life
may mingle in the same great cause ;
that, by a general connexion in point of
contribution, thc poor may indulge the
pride and feel the pleasure of being do
nors, rise lo a level with the rich, and re
joice in that portion of property, liowev
J i . . . i w ....
cr small, wnicn nicy posses in me cm
ern College. The smallest sum will be
thankfully received the widow's mite,
snd thc rich man's talent, are equally ac
ceptable on the altar of charity or the pub
An experiment has 1 itely been made of
an unlocuted cr general subscription, in a
societv whose standing, whether as to
number, or wealth, is no more than on an
I equality vih many others in this section!
of country. There is ho doubt of their I
l .7 1 1 11
subscription, amounting 10 eigne nunureu
dollars; and at this time, it is thought
more. In the bounds of the Presbytery
of Concord, there are, perhaps, more than
forty congregations. Eight hundred dol
lars, from each, would amount to S32,COO ;
a larger sum than your building commit
tee reported would be required to erect
the buildings which would be necessary
at the commencement of the institution.
And if the above named Presbytery, ac
cording to the example stated, can do so
much without pressure to any individual,
what cannot the whole of our fellow citi
zens do, who may unite in the design ?
And from the above example, it is also
evident, that it is unnecessary, to give ex
istence to the College, to bring the site
into market, by a confined located sub
scription. The want of attention to a general mode
of contribution, circulated throughout the
state, was certainly one main cause of the
indifference of the people towards our
useful University. Let all do something ;
let us act with concert, and energy ; and
when the undertaking is completed, we
shall be more surprised at the case with
which it was performed, than at the mag
nitude of the work.
Having said something as the IIozv,
next comes the Where. On what spot of
earth, 44 somewhere to the south west of
the Yadkin river," shall the Trustees fix
the site of the intended edefice ? Ah !
44 Now comes the tug of buttle I hope
not. The public interest is at stake, and
the term 4 Trustee" excludes the en
trance of private views, party feelings, or
prejudices. These may have no share in
the decision, and yet there may be, and
probably will be, an honest diversity of
opinion. I o prescribe, is not intended.
To present some materials for considera
tion, is the sole design of the writer ; and
some things intimately connected with the
matter may escape his notice. The fol
lowing particulars strike his mind as wor
thy of consideration : 1st. Public opinion.
2d. Centrality. 3d. Healthiness ot situa
tion. 4th. Fertility of soil. 5th. The
state of society ; or, what now is, and will
most probably in future be, the habits and
morals of the people around it
If those particulars should have weight,
several sites may come under your view,
which may seem to partake, in some de
gree of them all, and render it difficult
where to fix your choice.
To consult public opinion, in fixing the
site of the
Western College, is certainly , emigrants are our brethren ; " the worl;
. . -.'11111 .1 .
a matter of the first importance. On this
it must depend for an introduction into
the world, until time shall mature and
confirm its character. The people in this
state, in that of South-Carolina, and in the
counties in Vitginia north east of us, have
a general acquaintance with this section
of country, and the general character of
its inhabitants. On this. subject I shall
not enlarge ; it would lead on to compar
isons, which are neither very polite, nor
very agreeable. Hut the more carefully
you investigate this matter, the more im
portant will it appear in your views ; and
. . Till
Relieve it, there will be some sites men
j undefined : neither is it a matter
of 8n. reat importance. A few hundred
rrtilcs distant Irom a public seat of learn
from tic time thev
enter, until they grad-
Uatc is nol aI1 ohcct of weight.
A third item in thc enumeration, i
r. ... .... '
IlraKh'nrss. I here are so many place
on an equality in this respect, that there
is but little danger of erring.
A fourth particular mentioned, to invite
the- residence of thc College, is fertility
of soil. . This is certainly a consideration
that ought be attended to in fixing the site.
But all the prowsions that will be soon
needed, will bear but a small proportion,
to the proceeds of our country, place it
where you may. In this, as in the last
mentioned particular, you cannot readily
err. wc are not about to transport
the cities of Philadelphia or New-York
" south west of the Yadkin river." One
thousand acres of land could be so culti
vated, as to supply it for a century in thc
wholesome, substantial necessaries of life.
And if plainness and frugality, both as to
diet and dress, be not introduced and con
tinued, it is better to leave off before you
Thc fifth and last particular mentioned
in the foregoing enumeration, is the state
rif society ; what now are, and will most
probably in future be, thc habits and mor-
I . I 1 1 . T1 'a V
ais oi tne people arounu it. . l nis neui
demands your most serious and impartial
examination, and ought to stand inthc
front of your decision. As the College,
and the inhabitants around it, will neces
sarily come into contact, the question will
at once occur, " Will the people give a
tone to the morals and habits of thc Col
lege ; or will the College give a tone to
the morals and habits of the people
The answer is so obvious, that it requires
neither proof nor illustration. However
deficient our country may be, in point of
those acquirements-that tend to refine and
exalt human nature, and which compose
the blessings and comforts of sccbl life ;
yet still there is a diversity. Diversity I
of soil will always lead on to a proportional
diversity in the condition ot the mhabi-
. . f
tants. 1 hat section oi country einoraceu
by the noble streams of the Yadkin and
Catawba, which, ere long, will torm a sate
and easy passage to the ocean, the Crea
tor of the world seems to have signalized
as a lanu oi equality m tne conuuion oi
i i c .-. .1 . i . r: i
inhabitants. From its natural situation,
it is not in the power ot many to be very
rich, but in the power of all to possess
and enjoy an ample portion of the neces
sary conveniences and comforts of this
life. Not an acre of land, so rich by na
ture, as may be found else where ; but not
one, but is of value, either as a forest, or
for cultivation. Craggy mountains, lakes,
impenetrable lagoons, or the dominion of
useless waters, have not been suffered to
enter into its happy formation. The pres
ent population of that tract of country
whicli lies between the above named ri
vers, as to light and information, decency
and urbanity cf manners, sameness of an
cestors, industry and morality, and, lastly,
union of mind, both in civil and religious
opinions, cannot be considered inferior to
any other where the Western College can
possibly be fixed. Nature has said, and
posterity will verify the assertion, that it
will, in a future day, be as fair and as
pleasant a portion of territory as will be
found in the United States.
Givincr the above mentioned section of
country its due, takes nothing from the
merit or advantages of any other. It is the
wish of the writer, that when all the sites
that may be offered, shall come before the
view of the Trustees, that each one may
have, without favour or partiality, its de
served weight in the scale of decision.
Where is the spot that would most
likely and most speedily, u gather into one'
the various grammar schools now estab
lished in those parts of our country ?
And now let the Presbytery of Concord,
and the clergy of all denominations ; pro
fessional characters, who owe their all to
education ; wealthy laymen, whose fathers
came poor to this country, and they now
rich ; emigrants from Europe, who have
found liberty and plenty here, with all the
inhabitants of our country, in whatever
station or condition in life unite in the
great design. Wc need it at home, and
in its effects, it will be needed abroad.
1 he tide of population is now rapidly
rolling to the West and to the South ; and
it is our duty to do all we can to promote
i tneir present and tuture happiness. 1 hese
is all before them, where lo choose their
place of rest, and Providence their guide."
May the kind Providence of God shed
his richest blessings on them, while they
pacs through the wilderness to the prom
ised land, and u make the desert before
them like Eden, and their future resi
dence like the garden of the Lord."
Finally, to succeed in the object, much,
indeed almost every thing, must ultimate
ly depend on the individual exertions of
the Trustees. They are particularly
called upon to satisfy the expectations of
thc people, by devoting themselves se
riously to the purposes of their appoint
ment. Let them correspond individual
ly, with the most liberal and influential
men in the Western parts of this state,
and in the state of South-Carolina. They
are earnestly entreated to divest them
selves of all local interests and prejudices,
and to pursue, with a single eye, thc gen
In this, as in all undertakings, " united
WE STAND ; DIVIDED WE FALL."
July 19, 1821.
MOCK'S OLD FIELD.
A number of the citizens of the Forks cele
brated the Fourth of July at this place. Among
the Toasts drank on the occasion, the following
are selected for publication :
1st. The Day Can our fellow-citizens in the
East have forgotten that their brethren in the
West are the descendants of the men of '76 ?
2d. A Convention of the People of VorA
Carolina "Peaceably if we cow.... forcibly if wc
3d. The Old Battalion -May wc part friends :
Your children are of full age, and. wish to set
up for themselves ; the' have built you good
houses, and will leave you in affluence.
4th. The Forks of the Yadkin Wc have planted
the Olive ; may its branches wave across both the
Yadkins, and continue to flourish till our breth
ren learn to prefer right to power.
5th. The Iexington side of the River May a
community of interest and of suffering, produce
a unity ofeniiment and of action.
Cth. The Long -S ar are Tlie tliinsr is too lon?r
and slender.... And thereby hangs a tale.
7th. ArcJiibald J). Jlfurphy, and the Internal
Improvements of C'orth- Carolina May posterity
cherish thc fame cf this man, until the waters
cease to flow.
"Was drowned, in this town, by falling into a
well, on Thursday last, Maria, infant daughter
of Dr. Long.
Ji sirs Sn-lep, Ksq. of the vicinity of Raleigh,
has been appointed Cashier ct' the Salisbury
Branch of tlie State Bank of North-Carolina, vice
Moses A. I.ccke, Ksf. resigned.
James F. Taylor has been elected one of thc
Directors of the Principal Bank at Raleigh, in
i the phec cf Therms Henderson, Esq,
ERRATA In publishing- the conclusion of
Mr. Fisher, s address, several errors, m the hurry
of getting the paper to press, escaped our notice ;
they are as follows :
Page 2d, third paragraph, 1st column, after the
sentence ending 'with shearing, tlie following
should have been inserted: Hire,
iie do 7i oi rjr-
erage more than 2 lbs. the head. Same column,
24th ,lne from bottom, for dreat'fuL read
fid revolution. Second column, 9ih line from
top, instead of 10,000, read 70,000.
"We are requested to state, that Juux Lind.
sf.t, Esq. is a candidate lo represent the county
cf Rowan in' the Ser.atj oi the next Gen oral As
semblv; and that B. Sukuwooi, Esq. declines
holding a poll in his faro.".
Col. IlExar Hatts, wc are authorized to state,
is a candidate to represent the county of Hawaii
in the House of Commons of the next General
Maj. P. II. S wink, we are requested to state,
declines being a candidate for Commoner in the;
next General Assembly.
At tho house of Mr. Win. Chambers, near this
town, on the 23d inst. Mr. James Robins-'t;i, aged
about 60 3 ears. He was a native of Argyle, in
Scotland, but has been a resident of this state
tbr thirty years.
THOSE persons who have business in the
Bank are requested to take notice, that
there must be two securities to their bonds, be
sides the endorser. An erroneous opinion has
gone abroad, that one name other than the prin
cipal is sufficient, I hope attention will be paid
to this notice.
President of the Salisbury Bank.
JuK- 26, 1821. 3wt62
iVegroes oy Sale.
ON" the Tuesday and Wednesday of August
Court, at the Court-House in Salisbury, will
be sold, on a credit of six months, several vulua-
de young NEGllO Boys and Girls, belonging to
the estate of the late Col. Richmond Pearson,
J. A. PEARSON, Ejcecntor.
E. PEARSON, Executrix.
T .7. . ? 1 t OI 1
AND committed to the jail of Rowan countv,
on the 12th day of this month, a NEGRO
WOMAN by the name of Rose ; says she :s ' lie
property of John Cobb, or Cox, a sjjeciil.it or,
who purchased her on the Eastern Shore of
Maryland, of John Bell, and was eoing towards
the south. She says that her husband, bv the
name of Ned, and herself, g-ot lost from their
master in travelling-, and she ajrain from .her hus
band. She appears to be about o J or o.5 vcars
old ; about five feet hig-h, dark complexion, thin
visage, and speaks quick. The owner is reques
ted to come forward, according-to the act oi tho
Assembly, and receive her.
WILLIAM HOWARD, Jaiiar.
Salisbury, July 30, 1S21. 6wt6o
I will give a liberal price for twenty or thlrtv
hands to assist rile in getting timber and rock
to repair my dam. A. MAC AY.
Salisbury, July 23, 1S21. 59
r?TIlE subscriber wishes to employ two or
JL three iournevmen Carpenters. And he
also would take two or three hoys, of is- z-t
amines, as Apprentices to tlie business.
N. B. None need apply but such as are s :bc
and industrious. JOHN ALBRIGHT.
Salisbury, J C. July 21, 1821.
a f iiilE suDscnoer wisnes to sen all tu.
well known possessions in Sahsb.
11 on which he now lives : and nn
joining new house, not quite finished, with t
back Lots. There are on tlie premises lurre
and convenient Buildings, suitable for any kind
of public business. As thc stand and propeity
are generally well known, it is not necessary to
give a minute description. It will be so 1 in
detached parts, or altogether, as may suit the
purchaser. A short credit will be given. Any
person wishing to purchase, will please call and
view the premises. B. P. PEARSON.
Salisbury, July 4, 1821. 6wtG4
NLuliogsvivsr YwYiiiUwe, See .
THE subscriber informs the citizens of Rowan
and the adjoining counties, that he has a
quantity of prime St. Domingo MAIIOGAN V,
and other materials suitable for making good
and substantial work. Persons who mav wan"
Furniture of Mahoan-", would do well to caU
and see a specimen, which thc subscriber h:i-
now on hand, and judge whether they canno.
be accommodated at home on more reasonable
terms than abroad.
Also, Furniture of common wood, mude oa
reasonable terms. J. CONRAD.
Lexington, Rowan County,
July 16, 1821. 5 6wtS4
lYavt allow 1oy Salvi.
IWT OTIC E. For sale, a valuable Plantation, 12
J3i miles from Salisbury, on the Main Yadkin
liver. This plantation contains 360 acres of fine
land, attached to which is a very valuable Fern'.
Terms will be made convenient. . For particu
lars, applv to Dr. Ferrand, in Salisbury.
Itoiva: Co. July 3, 1321. T
FOREWARN all persons from trading for a
Note jriven bv me to John G. Lintile, for 50
dollars, dated February the 27th, 1821 ; which
note, or bond, I am determined not to pay, as
tlie said Lintile is indebted to me to nearly the
amount of said bond.
Cxtbarrits, July 2, 132! , t69r: