North Carolina Newspapers

    A1ASB5IV,.N. C. TVjESD.l, AUGUST 14, 1821.
.NO. 02.
" " ir Tim i it ir r
The subscription to the "Wi-.steiiv (Jiutuixux
is Three Dollars per annum, payable Iialf-ycarly
in advance.
GC No paper will be discontinued until al
arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing" to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
year, will be considered as wishing1 to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth
Auvi.UTisEMEXTS will be inserted on the cus
tomary terms. I'crsons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
wish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by soaie person
in tliis town, or its vicinity.
CjrWll letters to the editors must be post-paid,
or they will not be attended to.
rrIIE subscriber is now opening, at his Store
in Salisbury, a general and well selected
assortment of
II AHD-WAUi:, and
Just received direct from New-York and Phila
delphia, and laid in at prices that will enable him
to sell remarkably low. His customers, and the
public, arc respectfully invited to call ami ex
amine for themselves. All kinds of Country
l'roduce received in exchange.-
lat7S J. MURPHY.
loolv-Iuig Business.
rjlHE subscriber respectfully informs the citi
JL zens of the Western section of N. Carolina
and the adjoining- districts of S. Carolina, that he
has established the Booh-Binding Jiusiiex, in all
;f its various branches, in the town of Salisbury,
N. C. He has taken the store formerly occupied
by Wood Cc Kridsr, on Main-street, three doors
north of the Court-House.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
a competent knowledge of his business, in the
city of Baltimore, the subscriber flatters himself
that he will be able to execute everv kind of
work in his line, in a style and on terms that will
give general satisfaction.
Merchants and others, can have Blank Books
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
as cheap and as well finished as any that can be
brought from the North.
Old Books rebound on the most reasonable
Jcnns, and at short notice. '
Orders from a distance, for Binding of every
description, will be faithfullv attended to.
Salisbury, June 3, 1821. 53
?ie Singe to viveig.
THE subscriber, who is
contractor for carrving
D-m&9'-t2& the U. States Mad between
T5itZ3l?Z5 and Salislmrv. bv
way of Randolph, Chatham, &c. respectfully in
ibr'ms the public, that he has fitted up an entire
XIWV S TAGE; which, added to other improve
incnts that have been made, will enable him to
carry PASSENGERS with as much comfort and
expedition as they can be carried by any line of
stages in this part of the country. The scarcity
f money, the reduction in the price of produce,
Ike. demand a correspondent reduction in every
department of life : Therefore, the subscriber
has determined to reduce the rate of passage
iiom ciqtt to m'jc cents per mile. Gentlemen
travelling from the AVcst to Raleigh, or by way
if Raleigh to the North, are invited to try the
subscriber's Stage, as he feels assured it only
nee ds a trial to gain a preference.
The Stage arrives in Salisbury every Tuesday,
M or J o'clock, and departs thence for Raleigh
the same day at 2 o'clock:, it arrives in R.deigh
IViuuv ccn"iug, and leaves there for Slibury
on Saturdav at 2 o'clock.
.ir-tv 22. '1821. a'J JOHN LANE.
rSVtlE subscriber takes this method of inform -SL
ing his friends, and the public in general,
that he h:i.s established himself in the house for
incrlv occupied by the Rev. Peter Eaton, in the
Town of ll uitsvdle, Surry count)-, N. Carolina; !
and has been at considerable expense in making i
his rooms commodious and cemiortablc, lor the
reception ot Travellers, and all who may tavor
him with their custom. H's Sideboard is pro-
vided with Injuors of the best quality, and his
Stables with every thing requisite for Horses;
and hopes, by particular attention, to merit a
toliare of nubile patronage.
IF:"' : n-r. ir. 1S20.
. B. The subscriber continues to carry on
ibine: Business and will execute all or-
tiers with neatness and despatch, for cash, credit,
vv country produce. -1. P
AN awav from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
Mecklenburg county, N. Carolina, a Negro
Bov by the r.ame of SIMON i dark complexion,
and five tec
seven cr ciiit niches
: era.'i. E AN WILIE.
".March 1S21. 50
The E.litors of the Rlchn.ond Enquirer arc
recpic-ted to insert the above advertisement lis.
v. eeks, and send their account to the office of
ibe Western Carolinian fr payment.
1V4, s YentVttVuut Yiaomo ,
hlHi. He speaks low v. hen spoken to. It is others summoned as garnishees. It appear
s mposed that he-will make towards the countv to the satisfaction cl the court that the de- William, Virginia., as he v, ;is purehaseci j ie-ndant is not an inhabitant ot th.s state, u is
iu tint count v. I will give the above reward if therefore ordered, that publication be ma. to lor
t!ie said negro is delivered to haac IVilie, Con- three months in the Western Carolinian, pnnteu
r-ord.Cuharrus county, or '25 dollars if secured in mi Salisbury, that the defendant appear at the
L . . . . - ' -
IK' 1 T . T iTTTi:Li 1 .3 1 1 ! i II. rjO I LL I 1 ".'!' ' - - '
Tves lion As.
rWIIIi subscriber is just opening, and offers
JL for sale, at his store, opposite Mr. Slaugh
ter's, Salisbury, a good assortment of
J)ry CooJs, China in setts, and
Queen's J G lass-1 fare, Jlard-tfare.
Among his Dry Goods, are superfine black :md
blue UroadrJ.oths, of a very superior quality ;
common Cloths, of different colors; very fine
and common Cassimercs; Canton Crapes", black
and oilier colors; Silks; Sarcenets ; Yestings of
different colors; Robes for Ladies' Dresses;
Cambrics and Calicoes ; Ulankets, tec. t'ec. &.c.
Also, Ladies Bonnets; a g'enerai assortment of
Hats and Jockey Caps, and of gentlemen's and
ladie Shoes, best and common quality; ladies'
and mens Saddles ; Bridles and Saddle-Bags ;
Cotton Cards ; Gun Powder and Shot, of the best
quality; and a variety of oilier articles.
He has, likewise, fresh Imperial Tea, cf the
first qualitv ; as well as a good assortment of
GROCERIES', in general.
A he wishes to make quick sales, he will
dispose of his Goods, for cash, at a very small
advance from cost.
Xn Akin is ttv igni ion
VfOTICE is hereby given, that
and Directors of the Yadkin Navigation
Company have required the payment of the sev
enth, eighth and ninth instalments, of ten dollars
each, upon every share subscribed, to be made
to the Treasurer of the Company, cr to such
Agents as they shall appoint to receive the same :
And that payment of said instalments be made
on. or before the 2fith day of August next, other
wise the shares cf subscribers failing" to pay, will
be sold at auction, at the town of Salisbury,
North-Carolina, on Monday, the 10th clay of Sep
tember next ; and on the same day, and at the
same place, the shares cf subscribers who have
failed, or shall fail by that day, to make payment
of instalments heretofore required by the Pres
ident and Directors to be paid, will be sold at
Treasurer of the said Cumpanu.
July 14, 1S21. 55tSpiO
Yiooi nuA Soe TvinkAni.
fl7 BKNKZ Id I DICKSON begs leave to inform
.iLl the inhabitants of Salisbury and its vicinity, J
that he has commenced the Root and Shoe
Making- Business, in all of its branches, on Main
street, nearly opposite the new bank. As our
provisions are much cheaper than they formerly
were, it is no more than right that we should
I reducf our nrices to suit the hard times . I have.
therefore, come to the determination to charge,
in future, the following low rates, to wit :
Gentlemen's Bootees, first quality - g 6 50
Gentlemen s Shoes,
Women's Shoes,
Shoctces, best qualit
1 75
2 00
rooting Boots
llottomintr Boots
Although the price of work is reduced, the
public need not be afraid that the quality of it is
to be reduced also ; but on the contrary, I will
warrant my work to be made of the very best
materials, ami as fashionably and durably execu
ted as any that can be done in this part of the
The public ti'ill fdeasc call and try ;
2.7. if th-.'y djyJi like they necd'nt buy.
Uoots and Shoes neatly repaired, at as low
rates, in proportion, as the above prices for
manufacturing. E. DICKSON.
Salisbury, July 12, 1821. 53
MAY ficssions, 1821 : Andrew McBride, in
right of his wife 1 larriet, is. George Hamp
ton, administrator of Doct. Thomas Henderson :
Petition for distributive share of the estate. It
appearing to the satisfaction of the court, that
the defendant, (Jcorgc Hampton, resides without
the limits of this state, it is therefore Ordered by
court, that publication be made six weeks in the
Western Carolinian, that the said administrator
appear at our next Court of Pleas and Quarter
Sessions to be held for the county of Mecklen
burg, at the Court-II'juse in Charlotte, on the
fourth Mondav in August next, and plead, an
swer, or demur to said petition, otherwise it will
be taken pro confesso against him. Witness
Iaac Alexander, Clerk cf our said court, at
Charlotte, the 4th Mondav of Mav, 1821.
Slate o 2Soi!l-jaYoVna,
MncKLES r. u r a c ovxt y
"A ,TTAY Sessions 1821 : Petition for partition
lv R- of the real estate : Ilcnrv Lewis . tlie
Iuhs ;lt j.iw nf iVancis Lewi. It appearing t
thc s.vticfJCtion of the court, that tome of th
,cjr3 at .u;. ()f iVancis Lewis reside without th
limits of this state, it is therefore Ordered bv the
court, that publication be made for sin weeks in
the Western Carolinian, for the said heirs to ap
pear at the next Court of Pleas and Quarter
Sessions to be held lor the counlv cf "-.Ieckh-n-
hurg, at the Court-House, in Charlotte, on the
fourth Monday in August next, and plead, an
swer, or demur to said nctition. otherwise it will
, j)C takcn pro CCIIfcsso a3 to them. W itness Isaac
Alexander , Clerk of our said court, :it Charlotte,
the -1th Mondav of Mav, 1S21.
6uto2 ISAAC ALEX ANDE. 1 1, C..V. C
1 1 0 V.' AX CO U N T V .
lOrilT cf Pleas and (iuartcr Sessions, Mav
Term, 1S21. Henry Williams vs. William
Butler: Oriirinal attachment, Jesse A. Pearson
j held for the county of Rowan, at the Court-House
! in Salisbury, on the third Monday in August next,
then ami then: to replevy, plead, or demur, or
hnhnnent will be taken n-rainst him bv default.
" UwtG.1 Test: JNO.' (dLI'.S, (. R. V. I
OP the v
at lb-
1" the kinds v.ommonlv in use, ftr sale
' of th? ,A";'TK!!, CaJ'li VI.X".
Hail ! first of Arts, source of domestic ease
Pride of the land, and patron of the sens.
PETERSHAM, OCT. 2, 1820.
ox Tim vreseuyatiox of fruit
Sir. Should the following communi
cation respecting the preservation of fruit
trees from decay and premature old age,
appear to be entitled to notice, you will
oblige by presenting it to the Trustees of
the Society
Several years ago I owned a tanyard on
the bank of a pond, raised by a dam across
a small rivulet, which passes through my
farm in Petersham. Some of the tan, af
ter it was taken from the vats, was occa
sionally thrown into the pond. I noticed
from time to time, that the fish in the
pond died. I was induced to believe, that
some deleterious property in the tan pro
duced the effect on the fish, and that it
might be converted to some valuable use
in agriculture.
At that time, from various causes, ma
ny of my fruit trees, and particularly my
pear, peach, and plum trees, were in a state
3 11
ment, I applied a small quantity of tan to
the roots of my decayed trees; the result
exceeded my most sanguine expectations.
The trees began to revive, vm the nc:;t
season I made a similar and more exten
sive use of my tan about my fruit trees ;
and the result has been obvious in all, but
more particularly in my pear, peach and
plum trees, which arc the most liable to
decay in this section of the country.
Tan about the roots of trccc. loosens
the earth, and prepares it to receive and
communicate greater quantities of nutri
ment to the trunk and branches. The
tree is thereby invigorated, and acquires
more strength to resist any disease, by
which it may be attacked. But the most
)eneficial effect of the use of tan is to pre
vent the approach of all kinds of insects.
which prey upon the very life of the tree.
My fruit trees, which have been prepared
with tan, have been wholly free from the
ravages of caterpillars, canker-worms,
grubs, and every hind of insects ; while
others, which stand near by, and which
have been neglected, have been more or
less injured by these common nuisances,
too common in fruit orchards, through the
careless necrlcct of the husbandman. Tan
also pi events the black gum from oozing
from the trunks and branches of fruit
trees ; which is more frequently the case
in damson, plum, and peach trees, than in
any other, arising from the constitutional
weakness of the tree, or from some other
cause, which is prevented by the appiica
tion of tan. This was the state of my
trees, and of those of my neighbours, be
fore I made the experiment by using tan.
The result is obvious and notorious to all,
who examined the trees at the different
periods. My trees arc healthy and Hour
ishing and vigorous, while those of my
neighbours, w ho have neglected the use
of tan, are either dead or in the last sta
ges of decay. Aly fruit has not only been
greatly increased in size and quantity, but
its flavour has been much improved and
A remarkable instance of the wonder
ful effect of tan in restoring decayed fruit
trees to health and vigour is observable in
a pear tree, which stands in my garden.
Six cr seven years ago it was almost life
less. It had but one or two small green
branches on it ; the rest were entirely
dead and dry. I was induced to try the
effect of tan upon it, but with little hope
of success. In the course of two or three
years I was astonished to see new branch
es shoot out from its trunk ; and it is now
the most flourishing fruit tree on my
farm. This fact can he attested by hundreds.
It has generally been my practice to re
new the tan about the roots of my trees
once in two years. It may possibly be
expedient to renew it annually, as soon
as the snow has been dissolved from the
roots. I have usually appropriated from
half a bushel to two bushels to each tree,
according to its size. It may be carelessly
placed around the trunk of a tree ; and it
will soon spread itself at a proper distance
over the roots.
I feel the most perfect conviction of the
sure and certai.i effect of tan in restoring
decayed fruit trees to health and preserv
ing them to vigour. Should any one,
however, entertain doubts, the ex peri nent
may be easily made, with trifling expense,
particularly by those who live in the neigh
bourhood of tan yards. Tan has been es
teemed useless, after it has been thrown
aside by the tanner. Any one, who will
ask, mav rcccl. without fee or reward.
Betersharn, Oct. 2, 1820.
We have seen and examined tiie fr uit
trees of Mr. Gates, a respectable farmer
of this town. We arc satisfied that his
statement respecting the effect of tan, in
restoring decayed fruit trees to health,
and preserving them in a flourishing stale,
is correct. Mr. Gates has paid ri eat atten
tion, in improving his fruit trees, and we
have no hesitation in saying, that we have
no doubt that his discovery of the good
effects of tan, will be most valuable to the
rnoji the americax faiimeii..
Extract from Editorial Notes on the Agriculture
of certain counties in Virginia. j
Leaving Winchester for Staunton, a
kind letter from Judge H. introduced
me the same evening to the civilities of
Major 11. whose spacious mansion of
more than lOO feet in length attracts
the notice and admiration of the trav
eller soon after passing Middletown.
It serves to adorn a lertne farm of six
thousand acres, and is built of a kind
of stone which abounds in that coun
try, and which is beautifully' adapted
to the purposes of building and fenc
ing. On learning the extent of his es
tate, I could not help reflecting on the
vast difference that exists in the rural
and social economy, habits and circum
stances of sister states ; living, never
theless, in the greatest harmony under
the same general government. How
wonderful is the political structure
which binds together parts apparently
so heterogeneous ! How much to be
admired is the patience and wisdom of
the fathers who devised and established
it ! South cf the Chesapeake, it is not
uncommon to find from one to ten thou
sand acres of land occupied by a single
proprietor, whereas to the question put
by the Massachusetts Agricultural So
ciety to one of the County Societies,
41 of what quantity of land do the farms
in vour vicinity generally consist ?"
The answer was, " irom fifty to two
hundred ; generally about one hundred
acres." Fifty acres is there consider-
ect adequate tu iubiciiain.c ui a
large family, nor will this appear at all
incredible to he Southern farmer, when
he considers the immensely productive
capacity of the earth, if pushed to its
greatest yield by the skilful application
of labor and manure. In proof of her
amazing fruitfulness when properly en
gaged to display it, I will here intro
duce for the notice cf the large land
holder of the South, one cr two exam
ples. In 1S14- the Andrcssan Farmers'
Society offered a silver medal for the
best and heaviest crop of turnips in the
parish of Dundonald, situated in the
west of Scotland ; and appointed two
judges to inspect the different fields,
cultivated within the bounds.
They proceeded in the execution of
their duty, r.nd in compliance with the
requisitions of the society, by weigh
ing a square rod taken from the aver
age of the fields in different parts
the result of their investigation was,
that on one farm, a Scotch acre, which
is short of an acre and a quarter Kng- !
lish measure, produced in turnips
tons. civt. lbs.
Of bulbs, without leaves 76 0 0
Of leave?, bv themselves 14 0 0
VO 0 o
Forty bushels of turnips are about
equal to a ton; and the quantity per
acre, therefore, in bulbs alone, arises
to the enormous amount of SO-iO bush
els, besides fourteen tons of leaves, ot
highly nutritive quality. Rstimatim -
the bulbs at 33 cents per bushel.
acre 7viII fetch vjnvarJ.s cf cue i
sand dollars, a sum sufficient to awaken
the utmost agricultural industry. On
another farm the same judges found
toji-i. Ids.
The bulbs weighed
The leaves
X t
G5 16
On another they found that the
bulbs vveitrhed
The leaves
r it
o o
7 16
Another impressive example v. orthy
of being mentioned, is that of the Alms
House farm in Salem, Ms. which consists
of about thirty-five acres. In 1816 it
is represented to have been in a rough
uncultivated state, and in 1818 it pro
duced Of pork killed, 7960 pounds
12 live pigs sold for 42 dollars
On hand 57 live pigs
Corn, 400 bushels
Potatoes, 2250 bushels
Turnips, 900 bushels
3 tons squashes
5d tons pumpkins and all the common
f-ummcr vegetables for the vise of the Alms
Let these examples serve to demon
strate what may be done by labor ju
diciously exercised, and determine the
farmer to concentrate his manure and
his toils that he may apply them with
much more effect on a smaller surface ;
extending gradually the sphere of his
operations as fast only as he can do it
with profitable effect. It were uselt-ss
here to speculate on the moral and po
litical causes which have and will con
tinue to retard the progress of this great;
state in fertility and population ; or to
calculate her amazing physical strength
when, if ever, a happier order of things
shall have drawn her immense resour
ces into fair and full operation,
It has'heen estimated that in Massachusetts
proper, on an area of G,000 square miles, there
is at this moment a population of half a million,
or eighty to the square mile and that in a gen
eral survey, their climate and soil may be consid
ered as of a medium character. An equal dense
ncss cf population, would give Virginia tin wards
of 5,000,000.
' I pity I pity the printer,' said my un
cle Toby. ' He is a poor devil, rejoined
I. ' How so ?' said ray uncle Toby. i In
the first place he must endeavor to please
every body? and ten to one if he pleases
any body : In the negligence of the mo
ment, perhaps, a small paragraph pops
upon him ; he hastily throws it to the com
positor it is inserted and he is d d
to all intents and purposes !' ' Too much
the case,' said my uncle with a si.qdi, 6 too
much the case. Nor is that all, contin
ued I, he sometimes hits on a piece that
pleases him. mightily, and he thinks it
cannot but cro down with his subscribers ;
but alas I who can calculate ? he inserts
it, and all is over with him. They may
forgive others, but they can't forgive a
printer. He has a host to print for ; he
has fools, and he has wise men ; and eve
ry dunce that knows B from a bull's foot,
sets up for a critic. The pretty miss ex
claims, why don't he give us more poetry
and , bon mots ? away with these stale:
pieces. The politician claps his specks
on his nose, and runs it over in search of
violent invective ; he finds none ; he takes
his specks off, folds them, claps them in
his pocket, declaring the paper good for
nothing but to burn. So it goes. Every
one thinks it ought to be printed express
ly to please himself, as he is a subscriber
and thus, weekly, it is brought to the grand
Trim could no lonecr contain himself;
but rising, and making a sti ide to the mid
dle of the floor, with his arms a-kim-bo,
and his head upright, exclaimed, with a
loud voice, ' If I was a printer, an't please
your honor, I'd please myself. i d never
give up the ground to any one or renounce
one sentiment. I would not be swayed by
the whim, caprice or folly of every one,
but would mark out a straight line, and
pursue it.' (Here Trim traced with the
point of his stick a right line from my
stool.) 4 If I could not succeed in a plain
independent course, I'd freely kick the
beam. in the couneii.
Tiiiies of general calamity and confusion have
ever been productive of the greatest minds.
The purest ore is produced from the hottest
furnace, and the brightest thnr.derbcit is elici
ted from the darkest storm.

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