i miiA v i i i n i ft ! Aw i r 1 it i x ii i II i i i w i i 1 1 i i i i i y?w i i I ii i m in x r i
SAIASWVSlVi, 2S C. TXTESBAX AUGUST 38, 1831.
PRINTED A!fD TCBLISHEn, EVEItT TCESDAT,
Br BINGHAM c WHITE.
The subscription to the Westeiiv Caiioliman
is Three Dollars per annum, payable half-yearly
CCj No paper will be discontinued until al
arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing to give
notice of his wiih to discontinue at the end of a
year, will be considered as wishing" to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
"Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth
Ativeiitisements will be inserted on the cus
tomary term??. Persons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
w ish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by some pei"son
in this town, or its vicinity.
C3AU letters to the editors must be post-paid,
or the)' will not be attended to.
fjpJIIE subscriber is now opening, at his Store
JL in Salisbury, a general and well selected
Just received direct from New-York and Phila
delphia, and laid in at prices that will enable him
to sell remarkably low. His customers, and the
public, are respectfully invited to call and ex
amine for themselves. All kinds of Country
Produce received in exchange.
Iatr8 J. MUKPIIV.
fTlIIE subscriber respectfully informs the eiti
.1 zens of the Western section of N. Carolina
and the adjoining districts of S. Carolina, that he
has established the Book-Binding Business, in all
of its various branches, in the town cf Salisbury,
N". C. He has taken the store formerly occupied
by Wood & Krider, on Main-street, three doors
north of the Court-House.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
c competent knowledge of his business, in the
city of Baltimore, the subscriber flatters himself
that he will be able to execute every kind of
work in his line, in a style and on terms that will
give general satisfaction.
Merchants and others, can have Blank Books
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
as cheap and as well finished as any that can be
brought from the North.
Old Books rebound on the most reasonable
terms, and at short notice.
Orders from a distance, for Binding of every
description, will be faithfully attended to.
WILLIAM II. YOUNG.
Salisbury, June S, 1821. 53
subscriber, who is
r3p5Ssf -8- con
&4p2& the U. S
contractor for carrying"
States Mad between
Iialeigh and Salisbury, by
way of Randolph, Chatham, Sec. respectfully in
forms the public, that he has fitted up an entire
NEW STAGE; which, added to other improve
ments that have been made, will enable him to
carry PASSENGERS with as much comfort ind
expedition as thev can be carried bv anv line of
stages in this part, of the country. The scarcity
of money, the reduction in the price of produce,
fee. demand a correspondent reduction in every
department of life : Therefore, the subscriber
lias determinecj. to reduce the rate of passage
from eight to six cents per mile. Gentlemen
travelling from the West to Raleigh, or by way
tf Raleigh to the North, are invited to try the
subscriber's Stage, as he feels assured it only
needs a trial to gain a preference.
The Stage arrives in Salisbury every Tuesday,
8 or 9 o'clock, and departs thence for Raleigh
the same day at 2 o'clock ; it arrives in Raleigh
I'riday evening, and leaves there for Salisbury
on Saturdav at 2 o'clock.
JLnt 221821. 50 JOHN LANE.
Fitly loa'S Wwtvi.
VN awav from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
Ji Mecklenburg county, N. Carolina, a Negro j
Boy by the name of SIMON; dark complexion, !
stout made, and five feet seven or eight inches
hicrh. He speaks low when spoken to. It is
speaics low wiicn spoKe
supposed that he will make towards the county
of Prince William, Virginia, as he was purchased
in that county. I will give the above reward if
the said negro is delivered to Isaac Wilie, Con
cord, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollars if secured in
anv jail, and information given, so that I get liim
M.-ain. EVAN WILIE.
.U.irch 21, 1821; 50
The Editors of the Richmond Enquirer are
requested to insert the above advertisement six
weeks, and send their account to the office of
tiie Western Carolinian for payment.
BY the children of John Cunningham, de
ceased, who departed this life in Greenville
1 district, S. C. whose wife was named Jane.
Their youngest daughter, Jane Cunningham, is
now residing in Bloomfield, Nelson county, Ken.
and is desirous of obtaining any information that
will open a correspondence between the widow
of said Cunningham, or John, James and George,
children of the aforesaid John and Jane Cun
ningham. The said Jane was bound or put un
der the care of Mrs. Armstrong, of South-Caro-Hu.i,
who removed to Kentucky and brought the
said Jane wiih her. Any information relating to
Ih.ni will be thankfully received, bv
CtT Editors of newspapers in Washington City,
North and South-Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and
Tennessee, will confer a particular obligation on
an orphan child, by giving" the above two cr
three insertions in their respective papers
THE subscriber is just opening, and offers
for sale, at his store, opposite Mr. Slaugh
ter's, Salisbury, a good assortment of
Dry Goods, . Cluna in cetts, and
Queen's cJ Glass-Ware, Hard-Ware.
Among his Dry Goods, are superfine black and
blue Broadcloths, of a very superior quality ;
common Cloths, of different colors; very fine
and common Cassimeres ; Canton Crapes, black
and other colors ; Silks; Sarcenets ; Vestings of
different colors; Ilobes for Ladies' Dresses;
Cambrics and Caliches ; Blankets, Sec. &c. Sec.
Also, Ladies' Bonnets; a general assortment of
Hats and Jockey Caps, and of gentlemen's and
ladies' Shoes, best and common quality; ladies'
and men's Saddles; Bridles and Saddle-Bags;
Cotton Cards ; Gun Powder and Shot, of the best
quality; and a variety of other articles.
He has, likewise, ircsh Imperial lea, or the
first quality ; as well as a good assortment of
GROCERIES, in general.
As he wishes to make quick sales, he will
dispose of his Goods, for cash, at a very small
advance from cost.
8wt64 GEORGE MILLER.
Houses au XioVs ly! SaVe.
tX rjlIIE subscriber wishc
M -3- v. ell known possessi
IslL on which he now lives ;
1,'IE subscriber wishes to sell all those
ions in Salisbury
and also, an ad
joining' new house, not quite finished, with two
back Lots. There are on the premises large
and convenient Buildings, suitable for any kind
of public business. As the stand and property
are generally well known, it is not ncfvssary to
give a minute description. It will be sold in
detached parts, or altogether, as may suit the
purchaser. A short credit will be given. Any
person wishing to purchase, will please call and
view the premises. B. P. PEARSON.
Salisbury, July 4, 1S21. 6vt6 t
"jTOTICE is hereby given, that the President
J3l and Directors of the Yadkin Navigation
Company have required the payment of the sev
enth, eighth and nmth instalments, of ten dollars
each, upon everv share subscribed, to be made
to the Treasurer of the Company, or to such
Agents as they shall appoint to receive the same :
And that payment of said instalments be made
on or before the 26th day of August next, other
wise the shares of subscribes failing to pay, will
be sold at auction, at the town of Salisburv,
North-Carolina, on Monday, the 10th day of Sep
tember next; and on the same day, and at the
same place, the shares of subscribers who have
failed, or shall fail by that day, to make payment
of instalments heretofore required bv the Pres
ident and Directors to be paid, will be sold at
auction. FREDERICK RANDLE,
Treasurer of the said Company.
July 14, 1821. 55tSpiO
Yioot uttiY SAo Mftkiig.
JBENEZER DICKSON begs leave to inform
JL the inhabitants of Salisbury and its vicinity,
that he has commenced the Boot and Shoe
Making Business, in all of its branches, on Main
street, nearly opposite the new bank. As our
provisions are much cheaper than they formerly
were, it is no more than right that we should
reduce our prices to suit the hard times : I have,
therefore, come to the determination to charge,
in future, the following" low rates, to wit ;
Gentlemen's Bootees, first quality - g 6 50
Gentlemen's Shoes, do. 2 50
Women's Shoes, do. 1 75
Shoetees, best quality ------3 50
Footing Roots -- 3 25
Although the price of work is reduced, the
public need not be afraid that the quality of it is
to be reduced also ; but on the contrary, I will
warrant mV work to be made of the very best
materials, and as fashionably and durably execu
ted as any that can be done in this part of the
The public will please call and try ;
2nd if thev djn't like thei; necd'nt buy.
Boots and Shoes neatly repaired, at as low
rates, in proportion, as "the above prices for
manufacturing. E. DICKSON.
Salisbury, July 12, 1821. 58
THE subscriber informs the citizens of Rowan
and the adjoining counties, that he has a
quantity of prime St. Domingo MAHOGANY,
and ether materials suitable for making good
and substantial work. Persons who may want
Furniture of Mahogany, would do well to call
and scc a specimen, which the subscriber has
,no'v on I,and an,tl Jl"e whether they cannot
be accommodated at home on more reasonable
terms than abroad.
Also, Furniture of common wood, made on
reasonable terms. J. CONRAD.
Isexington, liocan Count","
July 16, 1821. " 3 Gvrt64
"Plantation Toy Sale.
"TWfOTICE. For sale, a valuable Plantation, 12
JN miles from Salisbury, on the Main Yadkin
i iver. This plantation contains 360 acres of fine
land, attached to which is a very valuable Ferry.
Terms will be made convenient. For particu
lars, applv to Dr. Ferrand, in Salisbury.
Jlowaii Co. July 3, 1821. " 57
TIIE CELEBRATED HORSE
"TT7ILL stand the ensuing Fall Season at my
f V plantation, seven miles west of Salisbury,
at the moderate price of twelve dollars the sea
son, seven dollars the single lean, and twer.ty
dollars to insure. Mares sent from a distance
will be kept and fed on grain r.t the market
price. Pasturage will be furnished gratis. Pro
per care and attention will be paid, but no lia
bility for accidents or escapes cf anv kind.
Hail! first of Arts, source of domestic ease ;
Pride of the land, and patron of the seas.
Delivered by Thomas Pinckney, Jr. Esq. First
President of the Pendleton Agricultural So
ciety, So. Ca.
Pendleton, June 12, 1817.
I offer you, my brother farmers, my
best congratulations, on the return of this
second anniversary of our Society, and I
fervently hope that each succeeding year
may still find us in the path of public
usefulness, and supported by the voice of
public opinion. All reflecting men must
applaud our motives, and I trust that the
wisdom of our measures will equally merit
It is a source of the most pure and heart
felt joy to me, that I am enabled to state
to you, that we have already been useful.
The first object to which the Society turn
ed its attention, was the improvement of
our wheat crops, and behold our lields arc
now loaded. I have been informed, that
one third more wheat will be reaped this
year, than was ever raised in this district.
This is an inspiring fact, and should stim
ulate us to proceed with increased ardour,
in our laudable career.
The term for which I have been elect
ed having expired, permit me, before I
retire from the chair, as my last official
act, to implore your attention to an object,
without which, there can.be no good farm
ing; an object that will double our com
forts, and quadruple the value of our lands ;
that will enable us to raise four fat oxen,
where we now barely sustain one ; and in
short, will raise us to the rank of real far
mers, rioting in abundance, instead of be
ing mere labourers, struggling for subsis
tence. This important object is meadow.
And never, in my humble opinion, shall
we truh prosper, until we admit hay fields,
as a regular rotation among our grain
crops. Sow clover seed on your wheat
before the frost is over, strew plaster of
Palis on your young clover, you have the
secret of abundance, and improvement
with the least labour. Give the clover a
fair and impartial trial and should this
trial prove that our sun is too hot for its
successful cultivation, we have native
grasses that may supply its place, afford
ing a finer, and I believe a better hay,
though not so rich as a pabulum for our
soil. I forbear to trespass on your time
at this moment, to detail all its various ad
vantages, your own judgment and your
books will convince you, that the intro
duction of clover and plaster has formed
a new era with agriculture, it has resusci
tated whole districts. Would that my
power of persuasion were equal to my
zeal on this subject, and that I had the tal
ents to tempt or persuade you to depart
from the beaten track, even for one smali
experiment. I deem this object so all
important to us, that I will not risk divi
ding your attention by mentioning anoth
er subject. I hope and persuade myself
that the views of the Society will encour
age individual attempts to introduce grass
fields as a regular rotation, and the last
words of your first president are, " gen
tlemen, make hay."
THOS. PINCKNEY, Jr.
mOM THE AMEHICAX rAIiMF.Il.
To lciVV Hats
Jfire useful then to drive them to one's neighbor.
1 have read a great deal about driv
ing away rats from barns and houses,
but I have often wondered to myself
what good that could do ? The time
chosen for this purpose, is when the
barn is empty and there is no longer
any injury for them to do, or any in
ducement for them to stay, and of
course they are willing to go where
they can fjet better supplied with food
but is driving them away, any re
duction of their number ? if they lsave
one barn will they not go to another, and
return with augmented numbers when
a new stock of food is laid in for them ?
The man who drives axvaij a rat, al
though he may for a time relieve him
self from an inconvenience, it is at the
expense of his neighbour ; and wheth
er he does it with u hound's tongue,"
or "Smiiax," he renders no permanent
benefit ; but he ivho kills a rai deserves
as well of his country, and better too,
than " he who makes two blades of
grass grow where only one grew be
fore and the reason is obvious, as in
the one case a benefit is rendered to
the community, whereas in the other,
it is confined mostly to himself.
Now, sir, I have a plan for killing
rats ; it is one which has long been a
secret in our family, and was brought
from France by my great grand uncle
Nehemiah Simple, Esq. and was call
ed there, A hi capuchin, which lie, be
ing a French scholar, translated 44 Cap-push-in"
a term ver' descriptive of
the manner, which is nothing more
than to make them push their heads
into a cap, which completely blind-folds
them while you kill them. This was
done as follows : he selected a room
in a house, or a part of the barn, out
of which he took every thing, in order
that the rats might have fair play, then
sprinkled some Indian meal, or flour
on the floor, locked the door, and suf
fered no one to enter the apartment
this he did every three or four days for
about a fortnight, by which time this
place became the general rendezvous
of all the rats in the neighbourhood,
and it was quite amusing to hear them
dancing their rigadoons and country
dances about the floor ; to be sure they
seemed to be in riigh glee but all at
once, he stopped their supply of pro
visions, which seemed to stop their
sport ; and from 44 chassez" and 44 bal
lanccz" they got to fisticuffs about the
crumbs. When he discovered that
they had consumed all their supply,
the next thing was to pay them oft all
old scores. He takes a number of pie
ces of paper, or parchment, about three
inches square, and rolls them into the
shape of a cap, or funnel, in the form
of the paper in which grocers put sam
ples of tea and sugar, and each of these
he stiches so as to preserve the shape
in the bottom of each he squeezes in
a crumb of soft cheese, a little suet, or
butter, and around the edges, on the in
side, he puts a little tar, or bird-lime ;
and when all are prepared, he strews
them all about the floor of their favour
ite haunt. Next morning, he arms
himself with a stick, and marches in
to the room, and behold ! there are my
gentlemen, every one hoodwinked in
his night cap each one wanting the
sweet morsel at the bottom of the cap,
thrust in their heads ; the tar, or bird
lime stuck to their ears, and how to get
it off they did not know they were
also equally at a loss how to find their
holes to retreat to ; and my uncle had
nothing to do but kill them at his leis
ure. What my uncle did, any other man
So, sir, I am your friend and humble
servant till death.
P. S. I have a great many other
things which I want to inform you of,
but have to attend to my harvest.
An account of a remarkable Tree in the state of
OJdo. Taken from a Cincinnati Almanack.
On the land of Abraham Miller, in
the township of Seal, county of Scioto, in
this state, there is a forked, hollow syca
more tree, which measures, on the inside,
2 1 feet in diameter, and more than 90 feet
in circumference, tapering from the base
upwards, so that at the height of five feet
it measures only 42 feet. The opening of
the cavity at the bottom is 10 feet wide,
and 7 at the height of 5 feet, terminating
at the height of 9 feet. The fork Js a
bout 8 feet from the ground. One of the
branches is dead, and broken off about 20
feet high ; the other is green and thrifty.
44 The spacious cavity attracted the at
tention of the people in the neighbour
hood ; 14 of whom assembled, on the 5th
day of June, 180S, on the spot, and 13 of
them advanced, on horseback, into the
trunk, and, at the same time, sate there
with perfect ease- The other, being on
a skittish horse, did not venture in ; but
there was room for. two more to be per
fectly recnTR from a falling shower of
riiOM THE CHARLESTON rouiIIEB.
It is the vulvar fashion, as every body knows,
to rail at ladies for being talkative. The Editor
of the Jc-v J&nfhly ifajaziae, (the aathor of
Gertrudj of Wyoming,) has inveighed in his mis
cellany against this female accomplishment, and
gives the ladies credit at best for lively ?ia?:s?nsc.
It gives much pleasure to publish in vindi
cation, if it be necessary, cf the conversational
talent of man's best associate, the following cor
rect and ingenious article from the Ladies Lite
rary Magazine, published in Lexington, Ken
tucky. Its spirit indicates the philosopher, and
its courtcsv, the ralhnt.
Apology for the Loquacity cf Women. It
is a very ancient adage, that nature does
nothing in vain. To women she has giv
en the talent of talking more frequently,
as well as more fluently than men ; she
has likewise endowed them with a great
er quantity of animation, or what is com
monly called animal spirits. Why, it may
be asked, has nature, in this article, so
eminently distinguished women from
men ? -For the best and wisest of purpo
ses. The principal destination of all wo
men, is to be mothers ; hence some qual
ities peculiar to such a destination, must
necessarily have been bestowed upon
them ; these qualities are numerous
a superior degree of patience, of affection,
of minute but useful attentions, joined to
an almost incessant speaking.
Here, however, 1 must confine my ob
servations to the last conspicuous and emi
nent accomplishment. To be occupied
with laborious offices, which demand ei
ther bodily or mental exertions, and not
unfrequently both, is allotted the men
These causes, besides their comparative
natural taciturnity, totally incapacitate
them for that loquacity which is requisite
for amusing and teaching young children
to speak. But the employments of wo
men are of a more domestic kind. House
hold affairs, and particularly the nursing
and training of children, are sufficient to
engross their attention, and to call forth
all their ingenuity and active powers. The
loquacity of women is too often consider
ed by poets, historians, and unthinking
men, as a reproach upon the sex. Men
of this description know not wdiat they
say. When they blame women for speak
ing much, they blame nature for one of
her wisest institutions. Women speak
much they ought to speak much na
ture compels them to speak much ; and
when they do so, they are complying re
ligiously with one of her most sacred and
. BRITISH PEERAGE.
The number of peers of Great Brit
ain, independent of the bishops, is ex
actly 500 ; of these 56 have become
ennobled as courtiers ; 19 as yourgtr
branches of nobility ; 39 as statesmen ,
1G by diplomatic, 17 by naval, 57 by
military, 29 by legal services ; 33 by
marriages ; and 227 by the influence of
wealth, &c. There are 72 bachelors, 6 4
widowers, and 344 who are married
Of the 408 married and widowers, 9l
are without children, and the remain
ing 309 have now living 755 sons and
703 daughters. The paternal descent
of 156 peers can be traced to the con
quest or 11th century ; that of 54 to
the 12th ; 52 to the 13th ; 35 to the
15th ; 60 to the 16th ; 49 to the 17th ;
and 3 to the 18th centurT ; the geneal
ogies of the remaining 54 cannot be
traced with sufficient accuracy to war
rant insertion. The ancestors of 78 of
the peers whose descent can be traced
to the conquest, were settled in Eng
land previous to that event ; the other
78 came over with the conqueror. Of
the ancestors of the remainder, 21
have emigrated to this country since
From the National Gazette.
Wc arc told in one of the Xew-Ybrk
papers that " His Royal Highness the
Duke of York, Commander in Chief of
the British Forces, has given directions
to Mr. Buchanan, the British Consul at
New-York, to remove the bones of Major
Andre for the purpose of depositing them
near the monument, erected to the mem
ory of that gallant, but unfortunate offi
cer, in Westminster Abbey." The
American Editor adds, 44 This measure
reflects great credit upon the parties con
cerned. Major Andre, it is well known,
was employed by General Clinton, Com
mander in chief of the British forces in
this country during the revolutionary war,
to negotiate with Arnold concerning the
base treachery which the latter medita-
ted arain?t the safetv and independence