cf his country. However much we re gret that the rules of war admit of such a correspondence as was carrying on be tween Clinton and Arnold, and however unfortunate it may be that officers of high standing and character and of the nicest sense of honour, should be singled out for such a service, such is the fact ; and such, it is to be feared, will be the fact so Ions: as war shall l.ionablc a m on it nations. We arc sorry that we arc compelled to express our humble dissent from the opin ions thus conveyed, and that wc cannot think it cither wise or creditable for the parties concerned to take the step in ques tion, especially with any public forms and annunciation. If it be considered one of justice and national duty, its tardiness re flects disgrace ; but, in truth, it is not now, nor was it ever meet and fitting ; and more judgment and sound principle would have been shown in abstaining from reviving the memory of the subject. There is no transaction among those of our Revolutionary war, more disreputable to the British name, than the tampering with Arnold, in all its details. The treach ery of the American General was, indeed, as the New-York editor prope ly desig nates it, base ; and the function of the Brit ish officer, selected as negotiator could not but partake of its nature. The commission Was incompatible with "the .nicest sense of honour,' and its vileness was declared and scaled in the ignominious doom of the man, inflicted bv one of the justest and noblest of the human race. That the war waired bv Great Britain upon her Colonies, was corrupt and ty rannical in its purposes, and detestable in Its course, is now conceded, of necessity, by the intelligent politicians of all parlies in Great Britain. The declared object of the instigation and abetment of Arnold ; the eager wish and fond hope of Andre, as expressed in his letters, were to biing that war at once to a successful termina tion ; to rivet the chains of the British Ministry on America not by fair combat, but by means of the secret process of the basest treason. It is not, perhaps, recol lected, that one of the arrangements of the plot, was to make a prisoner of Gen eral Washington ; that this arrangement was suggested and insisted on by Andre, while even Arnold was staggered by the proposition. Andre was a soldier of fortune, intre pid, no doubt, and of captivating manner. and agreeable conversation ; but he was hunp: rightfully as a spy engaged in car rying into effect a foul treason for a gen eral end which we, of the United States, must ever hold in abhorrence. What credit, therefore, can redound to the Brit ish government, from placing his remains in Westminster Abbev, anions those of the national worthies, is not easy to be perceived. He was not conspicuous for any great force of genius, or extensive military attainments ; he had rendered no signal services : hence, if his memory be now especially honoured bv the Com mr.nrlerin Chief of all the Biitish forces,'"' it must be on account of his having per ished in an enterprize, wh ich, as the ablest British Statesmen have often declared? would, had it succeeded, have entailed po litical servitude not only on America, but cn the whole British empire. We war not with the dead, and can have no interest nor inclination to disparage the memory of Andre. This is a question of history and national feeling, both of which are to be maintained, if possible, in their purity and integrity. ON 7 HE USE OF FLANNEL. rr.02t the Connecticut iiehald. A gentleman having published, in one cf the daily papers, a communication a gainst the use of flannel next the skin dur ing the summer season, which may tend to do more harm than good, the writer of this communication thinks it his duty to tatc what he has himself experienced-, that the public may draw their conclusions from opposite opinions. In a climate like this, where violent changes are continually taking place ; where a variation of wind will cause a dif ference of from 30 to 40 degrees in the thermometer, every precaution should be taken, nnre especially in the z:i?n?ner9 a gainst a check rf prrspiration, the cause of one half the fevers, and nearly all the con sumptions, that ulilict mankind; and if there is any season ii which flannel next the body can be dispensed with, it is in the winter, when perspiration cannot be so asi'y checked, from the difficulty of getting the body into that state. It is a well known fact, that most of the inhabitants of tropical climates incase the whole body with flannel, and highly re commend it to all strangers, as a great preventive from taking fevers, the body by its ue becoming gradually cool ; and there are many who have experienced the unpleasant sensation of ivet linen touch ing the body, when exposed to sea bree zes, which generally succeed sultry morn ings. Where can be found a more robust class of people than sailors and laborers who are exposed to the burning rays of the sun 'throughout the day? yet these people wear shirts made of daise or J'annel, and are seldom or never afflicted with fevers or consumptions, unless from the effects of intemperance In a climate like this, the breast need c-.zlj be guarded by Jianntl ; and, after using it a little time, the wearer v. ill be uncon scious that it is part of his raiment. This the writer asserts from fifteen years ex perience not only in this, but in the differ ent climates of Europe and Asia, during which time he has never experienced a day's sickness ; whereas, previously, not a year passed but violent coughs afflicted him nearly one-third of the time. It is certainly unnecessary for any one enjoying health to adopt the use of llannel ; but, when once applied, the wearer had better bear its unpleasant effects for a feu days in summer, should any be felt, ra ther than lay the foundation of a con sumption, by avoiding a trilling inconven ience. CONSUMPTIONS. A writer in the New-York Commercial Advertiser has the following pertinent re marks on the causes of this fatal disease : Taking cold is a check of perspiration, or discharge through the surface of the body, by which means so many useless humours are to pass off from the system. This discharge is liable to be obstructed many ways. The following are the most common ones in ordinary life : Changing thick clothes for thin ones : going from warm dry rooms, to sit in damp and cold ones: going, when ii a state of perspira tion, into the cold air: sleeping in damp rooms or beds : walking or sitting in the damp air of the evening, although not unpleasantly cool ; and numerous other ways, it you nave commuted any oi me above errors, lose no time in opening the pores bring on a perspiration if possi ble put your feet in warm water sip a pint of water sweetened with molasses, as warm as you can bear it, going to bed. But if you fail in the attempt, lose no time in calling on your family physician, while it is in his power to be useful to you. if you call him too late, it will not be his fault, for he has not time to call in every day, and lecture on the preservation of your health. But if you suffer those hu mours to remain locked up in the system, they will find their way to your lungs, and produce a cough, from that inflammation; and in a short time all chance of recove ry i-j gone by. Caution. Perhaps it is not generally know n that the seeds contained in the bur of the Jamestown weed, (as it is here call ed,) arc of a deadly poisonous nature it may therefore be necessary to publish the fact, and to admonish those who have the care of children to prevent them from playing among this noxious though luxu riant species of vegetation, as they are apt to do in gathering the blossoms and burs for their infantile pastimes. An in stance of the dcletei ious effect of the seed of Jamestown w eeds when taken into the stomach occurred on Monday evening, with three small children, (the eldest un der si:: years of age,) from eating only two or three of the seeds each : in an hour after they were attacked with all the alarming symptoms which invariably ac company the peculiar operation of. this poison, and which seemed to threaten im mediate dissolution. Two of them were children of Mr. Henry Murden, of this town, the other a little black boy who sometimes played with them. Mr. Murden, as soon as possible, call ed in a skilful medical gentleman, who applied the necessary remedies for their relief, and we are happy to hear that they, together with the black boy, have entirely recovered. It was the opinion of the physician that only enc or two of the seeds more than they had eaten would have pla ced it beyond the power of medicine to save them. It was not until they had suf ficiently recovered the use of their facul ties to answer interrogations, that the fact of their having eaten the seeds was known. It is important that the symptoms of this poisonous ingredient should be known and remembered, that they may not be ascribed to other causes, and im proper remedies applied in the absence of medical advice. The following is a de scription of the symptoms manifested in the above case, which, at our request, has been politely communicated to us by Dr. slrchcr, the physician attenc';ng Mr. Mur den's children : u A small quick pulse ; skin hot and dry ; nausea ; great dilation and immo bility of the pupil, and extreme wildness in the appearance of the eyes ; at one mo ment, excessive signs of terror and fright, at the next, extreme exhilaration of spir- Us great loquacity ; sighing ; insignif: cant smile, ( risus surdonicus ;) frowning ; sudden and violent starting and jumping, as if from fear of falling; pinching and scratching ; great debility, particularly of the lower extremities ; continual motion of the hands and fingers, as if winding and twisting thread, catching at imaginary objects, Sec. A'urJLlk paper. LEND ME YOUIi PAPER. AX KXTttACT. lie who is continually borrowing furniture, cr the necessary implements of trade, especially if it be known thut he is able to proeui'c them for himself, is justly regarded by iaan as a con temptible sponger, a penurious w retch. How much more contemptible must he be who feeds his cimosity upon the avails of another's industry or generosity ; who borrows his neighbor's paper as soon as it is left, and frequently before the owner has had an onnortunit v to read it himself." INTELLIGENCE. lie comes, the herald of a noisy world, News from all nations lumb'ring at his back. DEATH OF BONAPAUTE. boston, august 6. By Mr. Hodges, who came passenger in the Ruby,anived at this port from St. Jago, Cape de Verd Island, we arc informed that while at Port Praya, he met the late governor of the Isle of Bourbon, who had recently arrived there, and was informed by him, that on his passage from Bourbon to Port Pray a he stopped off St. Helena", where all com munication with the place was refused. The boarding olficer of the English squadron also declined giving any answers to inquiries made relative to Bonaparte. The vessel in which the Governor was a passenger afterwards touched at Ascen sion, (about 20th May,) where they fell in with Sir George Collier, who stated that BONAPARTE died on the Gth May, and that he had dispatched a gun brig to En gland with the intelligence. GOO) JS'IM'S FOR PR LITERS THE SKA SERPENT. Prom the Portsmouth , SV. If. Journal, August 4. On Thursday afternoon, about four o' clock, as Mr. Samuel Duncan, of New castle, (an inspector employed in the custom-house of this port,) was engaged in fishing near the entrance of this harbor, he saw the sea-serpent, lying asleep on the water, about a quarter of a mile from Bush Island. He at first supposed it to be a lare log floating on the water -9 but on approaching within about one hundred yards, the serpent immediately moved with great rapidity towards the west, and approached near to Odiorne's Point. In this motion through the water he shew ed five bunches at a time, about five feet apart ; presenting the appearance cf five porpoises following each other in a right line. He was seen distinctly, while going about a mile and a half. When he came near Odiorncs Point he turned, and made towards the shoals. Mr. Duncan was in a whale boat, accompanied by his son a bout 18 years old, and Mr. Jonathan Ycn nard, wdio both saw the serpent. About six o'clock the same afternoon, Mr. Duncan was hailed by a man in a nother boat, who directed his attention towards the south, where he again saw the serpent about half a mile distant ap proaching the boat in which Mr. Duncan was. The serpent came directly towards the boat, and approached within 40 feet of the stern ; when he suddenly changed his course, and went off towards York Ledge. Mr. Duncan is confident that the ani mal he saw was entirely different from any which he had ever seen before ; and represents himself to be well acquainted with the appearance of the different hinds of whales, porpoises, and sharks, as well as horse-mackerel. The animal he saw had no appearance of any fins. The first time the serpent was seen, he was in sight about half an hour, and by the rapidity of his motions appeared to be alarmed ; but the second time, continued moving in dif ferent directions, near the boat, as much as an hour. The above relation is taken from Mr. Duncan himself, who is ready, if requir ed, to make affidavit of its truth. YELLOW FEVER IN WILMINGTON. FltOM THE RECORDER. The Commissioners, of the Town, deem it their duty to state to the public, that within the present week, six persons have died with a fe ver, bearing strong resemblance to the Yellow Fever ; that a number of persons arc at present confined, with the same disorder, and that one or two only that have been attacked, have as yet recovered. It has not been ascertained whether this disease was engendered among our selves, or imported from the Havana. Investi gation is on foot, and the result will be made kn jwn. In laying these facts before the public, it is done as much to prevent exaggeration, as to state them precisely as they exist. The change in the weather has been, and is at present highly favorable. By order, THOS. CALL END E R, Towi Clerk. Wilmington, August 11, 1821. MIRACULOUS. WESTCHESTER, (PA.) AUGUST S On Sunday, the 29th ult. at 2 o'clock, P. M. a little son of Mr. Bratton, paper maker, cf Kennet township, aged about 16 months, crawled to the edge of the well, the curb of which had been displaced. A colored girl who was near, heard something fall, and running to the well, saw the child just rise to the top of the water, and instantly, with noble intrepidity, descended the well and saved the little fellow from death. The well is about 20 feet deep, and quite narrow, so that the girl, in descending could touch each side ; the bucket was let down to her aid in getting out, and the child was restored w ell to its half distrac ted parents, lie had touched the bottom of the well, for sand was found in his hair. WASHINGTON (rA.) ACC. C. 1 X I El !F.STI XG 11 1 EXOM EN ( )X. Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Cannons burh, 1'enn. to his brother in Charicstown, Jefferson county, Va. dated July Co. In my last letter I informed you of a salt well, w hich Mr. M'Cook had bored to the depth of five hundred and twenty-five feet ; not being successful in procuring a suifictencv of salt water he had abandon ed it ; hut last Wednesday his partner de termined to make another effort to raise the water: after having put a copper t"he down about two hundred and ten Ject with a pump in it, they began pumping, and, after a few minutes, the water came up with such violence, that it forced them from the pump, and spouted up nearly one hundred feet high in a column about two inches in diameter; the hole is three inches, the tube two. It continued spout ing nearly an hour, when it subsided. The water was very salt. The tube broke off about four feet below the bottom of a cistern, which is 12 feet deep and five feet square ; the water then ulled the cistern nine feet, and continued a most violent commotion in the cistern, which has not yet ceased. On Thursday the gas or air burst through the ground, I suppose in ten thousand places, within four or live j rods round the well ; there is a creek with in five yards of the well, which has the appearance of water rapidly boiling.- This air is called hydrogen gas ; if fire approaches it, it instantly becomes flame and burns like a candle. They set tin tubes of a foot or two long on 10 or 15 of these places where the gas issued from, and the gas ascending through them was set on fire with a lighted paper ; it has continued burning since Thursday and exhibits a grand and beautiful appearance after night." Columbia, S. C. August 7. Bread stuffs continue to be high in and near ths place ; and there appears to be but little prospect of speedy depression in price ; for the present crop has suffer ed so 'much by the incessant rains that have fallen during the spring and sum mer, that the general impression seems to be that there will not be much more than half a crop made of either Corn or Cotton. The low land generally has suffered most, and in many instances there has been a total loss ; but in many places, particularly in the high land, the crop is good ; so that upon the whole it is proba ble there will be a sufficiency made to supply every want. Corn has been sold during the present summer in this place as high as one dol lar and a half the bushel, and is at present selling at a dollar ; and flour was sold within a few days past at the high price of twelve dollars a barrel Gazette. SWIMMING. XEW-YORK AUGUST 6. Wc have UO heroes like Ieander and Lord Byron, who could swim from Sestos to Abydos, hut occasionally we meet with a dashing blade, ever ready to buffet the billows and ride upon the 4k mountain waves." A gentleman took an early plunge into the North river floating bath, but scorning to be confined to a safe tank of GO feet square, he made his way into the river, and ducked and dived, and floated about, until he found himself at a considerable distance from the shore. Alarmed for his safety, he shouted and hallooed for help, when lo ! a boat, containing two rco men, and a little boy, sculled toward the exhausted swimmer, and the women, kind souls, with outstretched hands, and aver ted eyes, lifted the sufferer 'into the boat, dripping and trembling like a sick water nymph, and rowed him back to the bath, where they received bis grateful and na ked acknowledgments. LOUISVILLE, KEN. JULY. 21. Extraordinary. Wc are informed by a gentleman who arrived in the Mars, and who came to the mouth of the Ohio in the steam boat Independence from New-Orleans, that the Independence grounded in the Mississippi on her passage up, and was aground 1 1 days. As she was high and dry, preparations were made for launching her timber, Sec. procured for the purpose, and on the 11th night there was a most violent thunder storm ; in the morning there was water around the boat timber, &c. all gone adrift, and the li ver apparently from its bank had not risen. A. line was thrown out to sound, as the boat appeared to be afloat, and they found 36 feet of water ! All attempts to get their anchor up were to no purpose, and they cut their cable and proceeded on their voyage Pub. 4dv. BERMUDA. From the J'eu-Ilaven Register. Tothc politeness of capt. Lines, of the -nn Maria, we are indebted for Bermuda papers to the 21st July. They do not contain any thing of importance. Wc perceive by these papers, however, that the spirit of dissatisfaction against Gov. Lumley still continues. Both the Ham ilton Gazette and Bermudian contain ar ticles which, even in this country, would be considered pretty plain language to be held towards a governor. The subicct now m dispute is a difficulty which has a risen between the governor and the late church wardens of the parish of St. Geor ges. As far as we can understand the nature of the quarrel it is thus : The peo ple of the parish were not well pleased with their parson, and an opinion having gone abroad that owing to some informal lty in signing the assessment thev were not liable to pay their taxes, refused to open their purses to the tax gathefer! It was decided by judges of law that they I must pay; the collection had however! been retarded, and when the present ui new vestry were chosen, the greater part of two years taxes was due. The priest wantcdhis cash, and finally called on the governor for help. The governor order ed the old wardens to make up their ac counts and transfer them to the new war dens allowing them two months for the settlement of their accounts, when it is contended that the ecclesiastical law al lows them two years for that purpose They treated his orders with contempt ; he then threatened them in various ways, and told them that they should go lo 4 pris on, where no power on earth could release them, Sec. He sent his constables after them to attend his court ; they rclused to come, and he then sent and brought them bv military force to the church, where with closed doors, he ordered them to comply with his demands ; but they were stubborn, and after much threatening on the part of the governor, they were com mitted to jail, under a military guard. The governor has said that the parish church of Si. Georges had " become a den of thieves." Both of the Bermuda editors had introduced their articles by saying, the Devil can quote scripture for his purpose. The Bermudian compli ments the governor, by observing that, "as every good man has long been debar red from entering its gates, the public knows well who to place at the head of this den of thieves." The papers say that the governor has no legal authority to imprison these men. Remarkable Epoch of Bermuda. Hamilton, (beu.) july 2 1. On Tues day, the 17th of July, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, under the administration of bis excellency lieut. general the honorable sir William hum Icy, K. C. B. and in a time of profound peace, military force takes precedence of the civil powers ! ! I BV THS 1'IiESIHEXT OF THE V. STATES, A PROCLAMATION. Whereas the congress of the United States, by a joint resolution of the second day of March last, entitled " Resolution providing for the admission of the state of Missouri into the Union cn a certain condition," did determine and declare " That Missouri should be admitted into this union on an equal footing with the original states, in all respects whatever, upon the fundamental condition, that the fourth clause of the twenty-sixth section of the third article of the constitution submitted on the part of said state to con gress, shall never be construed to author ize the passage of any law, and that no law snail be passed in conformity thereto, by which any citizen of either of the states of this union shall be excluded from the enjoyment of any of the piivilces and immunities to which such citizen is entitled under the constitution of the U nited States : Provided, That the legisla ture of the said state, by a solemn public act, shall declare the assent of the said state to the said fundamental condition, and shall transmit to the president of tho United States on or before the first Mon day in November next, an authentic copy of said act ; upon the receipt whereof, the prcsident,by proclamation shall announce the fact : whereupon, and without any fur ther proceeding on the part of Congress, the admission of this said state into the union shall be considered as complete : And whereas, by a solemn public act of the assembly of thesaid state of Mis souri, passed on the twenty-sixth of June, in the present year, Entitled 44 A solemn public act declaring the assent of this state to the fundamental condition con tained in a resolution passed by the con gress of the United States, providing fcr the admission of the state of Missouri into the Union on a certain condition;" an authentic copy whereof lias been com municated to me, it is solemnly and pub licly enacted and declared, that that state has assented, and does assent, that the fourth clause of the twenty-sixth section of the third article of the constitution of said state " shall never be construed to authorize the passage of any law, and that no law shall be passed in conformity thereto, by which any citizen of either of the United States shall be excluded from the enjoyment of any of the privileges and immunities to which such citizens are entitled under the constitution of the United States Now, therefore, I James Monkoe, president of the United States, in pursuance cf the resolution of congress aforesaid, have issued this my proclamation, announcing the fact, that the said state of Missouri has assented to the fundamental condition required by the resolution of Congress aforesaid ; whereupon the admission of the said state of Missouri into this Union is de clared to be complete. In testimoy whereof, I have caused the seal of the United States cf America to be affixed to these presents, and signed the same l. s. with my hand. Done at the city of Washington, the tenth day of Au gust, 1S21; and of the indepen dence of the said United States of America the forty-sixth. JAMES MONROE. " By the President : JOHN QUIXCY ADAMS, Sec, cf S.'zlc.