TUESDAY, AUGUST 28, 1821.
Stokes County A. R. Rufiin, for the Senate.
The votes were For A. II. Kuffin, 483 ; K. Sho
ber, 478. John Hill and Joseph Linn, Commons.
Jiuthcrford County Col. Benjamin II. Jirad
ley, for the Senate Gen. John Carbon and John
M'Dowell, for the Commons.
State of the 2'ull.
Col. Benjamin If. Bradley,
ilaj. William Greene,
Gen. John Carson,
Richard Ilarrald, Esq.
"A SIGJS L' THE IV EST!"
Says the Wilmington Recorder, in republish
ing" from our paper a toast drank in this county
on the 4th of July last, and which concluded with
"peaceably if we can forcibly if we must"
and he has said truly ; "it is a Sign in the West !"
But we suspect the editor of the Recorder is not
a believer in Signs ; as there certainly have ap
peared signs enough in our political horizon to
convince him, or any one else, that the western
people are determined to do soMtTuixe -something-
more, we mean, than talking. We would
by no means, however, have the editor suppose
they have any notion of " rebelling far be it
from them : for it would puzzle them greatly to
tell whom they should ' rebel" against, unless it
be themselves ! And they would be simpletons
indeed to break their own heads, and declare
themselves o it of the pale of. their oun pro.
iect'-.n 1 he editor may rely upon what we say
as fact ! consequently he can put one side, for
the present, the "strong- hand," which lie now
holds ir. terrorem over the heads cf " western dem
We hope our language at this time is not cal
culated to " excite irritation;" as we really do
not intend it. e are in the most perfect good
humor with the editor of the Recorder, although
v. e find it necessary to condemn the course lie is
taking, and to speak rather freely, perhaps at
times too much so, of the badness of the cause
which he has espoused, contrary 4 we firmly be
lieve, to his own trood sense and iudir;Tient. He
will at all times find us neighborly; and when
ever he shall give us a " call," he may assure
himself it will be reciprocated.
About one-half of the people in this section of
the state as firmly believe that Irish Potatoes
cannot be made to do well here, as the bloodiest
JVIahomedan believes n the saving efficacy of the
Koran : but as the delusions of the latter, on
comparison with our volume of inspiration, mav
be dissipated into nothingness, so the mistaken
notions of the former will vanish before the test
of a single experiment. Irish potatoes, of a good
qualitv, can be raised amonrr us. In confirmation
cf this opinion, there have been shown to us 15
of them, raised in this town by a family distin
guished for public spirit and liberality in promo
ting improvements of every kind, which weigh
7 lbs. 2 oz. : One of the fifteen alone weighs 15
ounces. Potatoes of this size are large enough ;
i.n J, by a little care in cultivating, they can easily
,be made good enough. Irish potatoes do the
best on new land, or land newly broken up from
the sward ; but old land, if well manured, will
produce a handsome yield in both cases, the
land should be cf a dry, loamy nature.
Wc wish and the wishes of a great many
others, we are confident, will be with us that
the farmers of this part of our state would turn
their attention more towards the culture of the
Irish pctatoe than they hitherto have done. It
is one of the most wholesome and nutritious
table vegetables usicl. For our part, wc would
ahr.oit as soon dispense with bread at our meals
as with potatoes... ..at least for one meal out of
tlie three twenty-four bours.
Destructive Fire On the 17th in it. the grist
and saw mills of Saml. and David Linn, on Dutch
2d Creek, in Itowan county, were entirely con
sumed by fire. Wc are told that the fire took
in the grist n ill, in consequence of the toe of the
solr.dle bc:ir.r overheated in the ink.
CA SUA LTV.
Killed, on the 10th inst. at the plantation of
W. Harris, in Ilowan county, by getting her head
entangled hi a threshing- machine, Miss Sopaa
Cobble. Her head w as mashed and mangled in
a shocking manner. It has been suggested to
us, that accidents of this kind may be prevented
by nankin- over the face of the machine.
Colonel J-k-ts Gadsden- has been appointed
Adjutant-General of the army of the United
States, under the act of the last Session of Con
gress, and has arived in this city in order to en
ter upon the discharge of the duties of that of-
roll TUE WESTERN CAHOLINIAX.
Did Washington but live to see
His statue drest in Roman Toga,
In spite of all his mildness, he
"Would be provoked to say, " you r e-a !
You've drest me out, like stage buffoon,
In Toga, Braccsc, Sock and Sandal,
And to your shame, you'll find too soon,
The thing is, to your state, a scandal."
Messrs. printeks : As all your read
ers may not be acquainted with the par
ticular cut of the costume, in which the
statue of our beloved Washington is, un
fortunately, attired, I take the liberty of
Riving, then, a short definition thereof,
Irom the best authorities.
" Toga, in Roman antiquity, signifies a
wide woollen gown, or mantle, which
seems to have been ofa semicircular form,
,aulLli' Ui" lo u,c circumstances
of the wearer, and used only on occasions
of appearing in public. Every body knows
that the Toga was the clistimniishini' mark
ofa Roman : hence the jus tog ce, or priv
ilege of the Toga, was the same with the
privilege of a Roman citizen, i.e. the
right of wearing a Roman habit, and of
i-uiiig, ab mcy explain ii, lire anu water
. i ! r t .
tnrougn ti:e Kotiian empire.
So much for the Toga.
Sandal, "in antiquity, a rich kind of
and Roman ladies, made of gold, silk, or
other precious stuff, consisting of a sole,
with a hollow at one extreme to pmhrarc
the ankle, but leaving the upper part of
the foot bare. In modern times, Sandals
jre worn by the Pope and Romish pre-
lates, when they officiate ; likewise, by
r, - I
several coiKrrccrationsol rc ormcu monks.
... . , . . r . .
ne lasi consists 01 no more tnan a icatn-
er sole, lastencu witii latencs, or Duckies ;
all the rest of the foot being left bare."
It is a great pity lht whoever contract
ed, or arranged matters, with Mr. Canova,
respecting the statue, should be so over-
1 cached, as to accept of some old heathen, ilege of amplifying a little the discussion
as a substitute for the true representation of l!,cse to!,ics as. Pnted in his lucu
r ,Tr 1 , bration. His design would not allow him
bvery classic reader that might see it,
without knowing who it was intended for,
would immediately look back among the
. r- , , ,
heathen Oods, and heroes, and endeavour
to class it in its proper place. It would
never occur to him, to search for the oii-
ginal in modern times, and, more especial-
Iy in Amsrira.
I he sock, or sandal, was a most unfor-
tunate thought, as it never was worn by
Komans, except on the stage, and then
only in the lightest and most frivolous
, ' . . ... ,
characters, (downs, jack-puddings, and
merry-andrews, still appear on the stage
in sandals ; and so contemptible were they
held by the ancient Romans, that the
- , . . ... ,
gravity 01 tragedy was never permitted
to be invaded by the presence of the sock.
No performer in tragedy durst appear on
the stage, other than in buskins (boots.) ,
, , i-iii
1 he symbols are as unhappily selected
as the ch
less, wnat has tnc ratneroi ins
country to do with the head of Medusa I
whose hair was changed into snakes, on
account of her adulterous commerce with
Neptune. She was one of the three
daughters of Phorcus, who had but one
eye between them, and could change into
stone those whom they looked on. This
might be emblematic of the qualities of
some Roman tyrant, who delighted in the
destruction of his countrymen ; but never
can apply (by any possible construction)
to the philanthropic and benevolent Amer-
ican hero. X; , f '
Sculpture is the' most ancient method
known of recording events. Long before
letters were given to man, the chisel and
the brush were made use of to transmit
to posterity historical facts. Every known
hero was attired in the garb in which he
usually appeared, or in which he perform
ed his greatest actions.
Hercules is clothed in the skin of the
Namcan lion, and later heroes in full ar
mour. When posterity wished to know the pe
culiar dress of any particular age, they
had only to refer to the statues of that
age, for the fact ; and whether it referred
lo a military or a civil dress, the question
was at once solved, and fairly solved.
It is not necessary to say much on this
subject, to prove how gravely the Italian
has imposed on us. The thing itscll is
as ridiculous, as it would be to introduce
IJrcnnus in corsets, or Canicktacus in
breeches and fair lop'd boots.
The explanation cf the whole imposi-
tion consists in the difference between
making a blanket cloak, and a full suit of
uniform. My neighbour, Squire K
can give every satisfaction on this point.
It requires much labour and care to finish
a number of well worked button holes,
and to put on an equal number of buttons,
together with all the facings, capes, lap
pels, &c. of a suit of uniform : a blanket
cloak is nearly finished with a single flour
ish of the shears
The following communication came to hand
too late, to be of anv service, as our paner will
barelv reach Lincolnton. before the irnnortant
question of the location of the college shall be
decided; but as our correspondent thinks it may
irau'"J . rusxees onore u.e
he is irrev ocably cast, and as he is anxious to
.-v A. A. I I 1 A T I I A I
nave it published, we feel no disinclination to
gratifv him. In the discussion of this question
we hold the scales impartially ; although, from a
private remark of " P." we judge that he thought
we mht possibly be inclined to favoritism
roil THE WESTERN CAROLINIAN.
To the Trustees of the Western College.
gentlemen : To you is committed an
Institution over which vou preside, re-
quires you to bring to its aid all the zeal,
and talent, and disinterestedness, which
' .c?n command- Jt .Cui,1 into re:
vour individual and assnriateflfdTorrs. An
important crisis in the history of the
Western College is near at hand ; and
'on will shortly realize an event with
.w,ich the prosperity, if not the very ex-
isterice, ot this seminary is intimutely
connected. In a lew days it is exnect-
ed that you will select a spot for its loca
Hon. Your attention has been recently
r- m 1 1 o rl t f lir rnnci'lnrMtinn -! line cii'ninrt
VM,4V'U ... u,i.
In a late number ot mis paper vou have
t 1 i .1 . ? : i- 1
been advised that in selcctmir an eliirible
site, the following particulars must be re
garded : I. Public opinion ; 2. Centrali-
ty ; o. Healthiness ; 4. reitihty ot soil ;
and 5. The state of society.
The author of the article referred to
must grant a brother of the quill the priv
to be as diffuse in tiic consideration of
this part of the subject as the other. You
will therefore admit the propriety of a
kher elucidation, particularly as it re-
irards the three former items.
T - . . , , ... . . .
It is important that public opinion be
consulted in a transaction in which there
is a general interest. This consideration,
however, is not paramount to every other :
tnc rcason s obvious. Public opinion is
often erroneous, and generally capricious.
If you attempt to regulate your decisions
according to the movement of this unde-
fined and ever varying something, the
lelm you guide will become unmaiiagea-
ble, and inevitable destruction must ensue,
, Jfec Qlher fllIlctionaricS) you arc bound
jn foro conscientix, to act from a regard
to the bryit-Jit, rather than the oiiniou, of
t,,e community. It is proper, however,
in the present instance, to consult public
. . 1 . , . . 1
opinion. In doing so, you must have ac-
cess to corrcct sources of information. In
this respect you must feel yourselves in a
dilemma : you cuiinot, as yet, have re-
ceived a full and correct expression of the
...... . . T. 1 ' 1
iiuutiu bemiuiciiL. 11 ua-i inn ei ween
certained ; nor are you
possessed of any
data that will authorize a legitimate con
clusion. The state of subscription must
not be assumed as a criterion of the wish
es of the majority. If, for instance, the
sum subscribed in favor of the eastern
side of the Catawba exceed that of the
western, you are not to infer from this
fact that the former-is the spot in which,
according to public opinion, the Western
College must be located. In the one case,
more wealth may be possessed by indi
viduals, or more effort may have been ex
cited to procure subscriptions, than in the
other. Either of these facts will account
for any inequality of patronage that may
To secure the approbation of the com
munity, and a general patronage, a central
and healthy situation must be selected.
If the Western College be fixed in an ex
tremity of that district of country which
it is principally intended to furnish with
the means of an extended education, the
other will be aggrieved, und withhold its
co-operation. It is highly desirable that
parents and guardians, w ho have children
and wards to be educated, should be situ
ated within a moderate distance of literary
institutions. A frequent intercourse, both
personal and by letter, between parents
and children, is necessary to the preser
vation of parental influence and filial af
fection. Very few of cur citizens are in
a condition to meet the expense ol lime
and money which is requisite to maintain
this intercourse, when a distance of sev
eral hundred miles intervenes. More
over, it is net a fact, as has been affirmed,
that students generally remain within tbe
walls of a college from the time tf ma
triculation till they are graduated. There
are two ortbice months every year allot
ted to vacations. Where bhould youth
spend this time, but under the paternal
If it is true that " a few hundred miles
distant from a public seat of learning is
not an object of much weight," what, it
may be asked, is the necessity, or even
propriety of establishing a second college
in North-Carolina ? Why do we not pat
ronize exclusively our University ? espe
cially as, in the opinion of the author of
the sentiment quoted above, 44 tiicre are
few public seats of learning in the United
States in which the real constituents of
a liberal education mav be more perfect
ly obtained." Would it not be infinitely
preferable tor the talent and wealth of the
whole stale, which are to be appropriated
to the department of education, to concen
trate in Chapel Hill ? if, notwithstanding
the absence of public and private munifi
cence, it has acquired a rank so respecta
ble among the literary institutions of our
country, would not the fostering hand of
patronage, judiciously and liberally appli
ed, raise it to an elevation equal, if not
superior, to that of Vale, or Middlebury,
or Harvard ?
There is no difficulty in ascertaining,
with a sufficient degree of correctness, a
central situation. It is distinctly under
stood that the Western College is intend
ed for the benefit of the western part of
this state, and the northern districts of
South Carolina. Hence the Vadkin river
may be assumed as the eastern, and the
pvtrpmitv of tbe state as the western line
of demarcation including a distance j bu- a fjw ?, during which time she had
from east to west of about 250 miles, j undertaken the "delightful task to rear the tCn
This statement will determine a central j dGr thought, and teach the young idea how to
situation. Another consideration, in con- 1 shoot,'' in which sphere, she shone conspicuous,
nexion with this, is worthy of being re- Her death is a loss which will be long regretted
irurded with particular attention. If you
shall be able to realize an Institution of
high literary, moral and religious charac
ter, students will come from the interior,
and even the southern parts of South
Carolina and Georgia, to imbibe the
healthful streams of science and religion.
In the location, then, vou must accommo
date those states as . far as is compatible
with the advantages of our own.
That a college should be placed in the
most salubrious region attainable, is a po
sition the importance of which all admit.
Youth are inexperienced and imprudent.
They are neglectful of the preservation
of their health, and require to be watched
even in this respect with parental tender
ness. Kemoved from the inspection and
discipline of their fathers' house, their
hr:.lHi i in ifnn;tv!v frr.Tv, ,-n.
tcr. It is assailed on one hand, by excess
of study, on the other, by excess of riot.
A thousand trivial and unnamed indiscre
tions, in an insalubrious climate, may
gradually undermine and ruin the best
constitution, before it has acquired a firm
ness and consistency of character. Tacts
prove the truth of this assertion. That
the health of students is generally impair
ed, and often irretrievably ruined, every
days observation abundantly testifies.
Parents cannot but feel a deep solicitude
for the health of their children, when re
moved from their immediate notice and
control. A primary consideration with
them is the salubrity of a college atmos
phere : Thai their children may breathe
pure air, and drink wholesome water, is
an advantage which has the ascendancy
over every other. If, then, there is to be
found in North-Carolina, north-west of
the Vadkin, a spot of earth which w ill en
sure to the Western College a degree of
health above that of another, there you
must fix its location. If, on the other
hand, any part of this generally healthy
country is subject to autumnal intermit
tents, on that spot you must not erect an
edifice lo be devoted to the pursuits of
literature. Select a salubrious situation,
ind you may expect to receive, from time
to time, large accessions of students from
the sickly regions of the south. Neglect
this precaution, and you will be deserted
bv those of your own citizens. Chapel
Hill, and many others, will be preferred,
on account of healthiness, to a college in
certain counties south-west of the Vadkin.
As to fertility of soil, and the state of
society, additional remarks are superflu
ous. Moral and religious habits pretty
generally pervade this part of the state :
Industry and frugality characterize the
great bulk of its population. Provisions,
too, of the various articles of food, are
easily procured to any given extent. Five
hundred or a thousand studentss could be
abundantly supplied, in a single county,
with all the necessaries, and many of the
luxuries, of life.
Gentlemen you need not be informed
that on the western side of the Catawba
these several advantages are combined,
and demand vour preference in the loca
tion of the Western College. Vou may
travel from Iincolnton to Ashville, at any
season of the year, and find uninterrupt
ed health, and an abundance of provisions.
As you approximate the lilue ridge, these
blessings of human life are increased in
value and quantity. If the location be
fixed east of the Catawba, you will prefer
en extremity, and the most unhealthy spot
of that region intended to be benefited by
this Institution ; unless, indeed, you were
to select a spot near the source of that ri
ver. There, on either side, you may find
a most desirable site, exceeded by none
in beauty, healthiness, and fertility. May
you have that wisdom which is profitable
to direct. P.
The true poet is always great, if compared with
ot'-r' : not a!v ""-"d with himself.
In this county, on the 12th instant, Mr. D j-h':-:
R-Instetter, to Miss Elizabeth UrengooJ.
On the 15th inst. Mr. Jacob Fisher, of Cabarrus
; county, to Miss Christina J filer, of ilowan Co.
In tms county, on the 17th instant, f:-ni
kick of a horse, Smith filler, son of Jueob Mil
ler, aged eleven years.
On the 12th iil'start, at Fulton, Major Juc-k
Ilaynes, of that place. I:i him the eonj iiiin't
I has lost an intelligent, honest, and useful citi-
i At Washington, N. C. on the 3'Jth ultimo, r.f
; ter an illness of but a few da' s, Mr. .!;r - Jf ' !
, cotf, of New-York, consort of Samuel Woleott.
! a'xou,iu'1 sujoarc.ou. wn us
fl.!. V.V1 I. J.. 1. . J t 1
. by the citizens of Washing-ton. Recorder.
At his seat, near Utica, X. Y. a few dys since,
the venerable Willtati Fx.ori, one of the sign
ers of our Declaration of independence. All
praise of this excellent and patriotic gentleman
would fall far short of his real worth.
TAMKS THOUBURX, of Norfolk, Virginia,
Merchant, sole surviving Copartner of the
several Copartnerships heretofore doinjr business
as merchants at Fayetteville and Wilmington,
under the Firms of
Robert James Donaldson s? Co.
JDonahhonSy MacJlillan sf Co
Donaldson, MacMillan Co.
1 Having, bv his Power of Attornev, bear'mrr date
I th March, 1S21, appointed liobert Donuldson
f raycttevilTe and John Hocrir of Wilmington
and Favettcville, jointlvand severally, his Attor-
nies, with power to ak, demand, sue for, recov
er and receive the debts due to said Firm or any
ofthm, and generally to act for him as survivor
as aforesaid, in all things needful and necessary
to the final adjustment and close of the business
of the said several Firms: J:ic? is here'nt 's-v-en
thereof, and all persons whatsoever, in any
wise indebted to any of said Firms, are hereby
requested to make payment of the debts ty them
respectively due, to either of said Attori.Ls at
Fayetteville, at their Counting ISoom on Hay
street, opposite the Branch Bank of the United
JOHN HOGG, Attorney,
in fact as af oresaid.
Fayetteville, JV" C. July 20, 1821. 3 64
ON the 4th day of October, at Mock's Old Field,
therj will be sold, on a credit of six months,
several valuable young NEGRO FOYS and
GIRLS, belonging to the estate cf the late Col.
Richmond Pearson, deceased. .
J. A. PKARSOX, Executor.
E. PEARSON, Executrix.
August 24, 1821. 64ts
Ctv.avba Savings lov Sale.
BY virtue of the last will and testament of
Joseph Jenkins, deceased, the Executors
will expose to Public Sale, at the Court-1 louse
at Lincolnton, on the 23d da- of October next,
five sixths parts of the lot, including- the Miner
al Springs and Bathing House, formerly occu
pied by Captain John Reed, together with a
tract of land adjoining the said lot, containing
243 acres, more or less. Said land w ill be sold
on a credit of one and two years, the
giving bond with approved security.
13 A ID JENKINS, V
AVM. J. WIL.SON, 5 jErec?'Jorff
Uncoln Conntr;, ,V. C.
July 19, 1821. toi5
"lnLL be disposed of at Public Sale, on Fii
V 7 day and Saturday, the 14th and loth days
of September next, all the stock of the subscri
ber, consisting of Milch Cows, Calves, Horses,
Hogr,, Farming Utensils, Fodder, Hay, &c. Sec.
and likewise, some Household Furniture. Also,
his Distillery, containing two Stills, one of 110
gallons, of a superior quality, and one of GO gal
lons, with a complete set of hogsheads and
Terms of purchase will be made known at the
time of sale.
At the same time, the subscriber will rent to
the laghest bidder, (unless previously rented by
private contract,) for one year, the Plantation,
with all its appurtenances, on which he now
August 23:h, 1821. 5w64
Tuip block's YisUe.
IVTOTICE. At Rowan County Court, Aurrust
.1 term, lo-Jl, tne suDscnDers obtained Let
ters of Administration on the estate of Vrdlip
lvcA", deceased. All persons indebted to said
estate, are requested to make payment ; and
those wlin have claims, to exhibit them within
the time limited by law, otherwise this notice
will be pled in bar of recovery.
JACOB MOCK, , ,
WJI. SPURGIN, 3 ,u,ir
. lugus 2 J, 1 S2 1 . 3 wC4 p
(fF the various kinds commonly in use, for si!c
V. at the Office of the Westers Carolinian-.
"LieUci! Press luting,
OF every description, neatly and correctly
executed at tlas Olhce, cn short notice.