-: f -
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fffl ATI? rfTL.Tt WW A S.
m rMTWiTTMin n iniiim nrruirir rr-'
PUISTXD ia nB LISHEP, EVERY TUESDAY,
Ur BINGHAM & WHITE.
The subscription to the Western- Catioliviax
33 Three Dollars per annunij payable half-yearly
CCj No paper will be discon.inucd until al
arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
year, will be considered as wishing to continue
the paper, which will be sent according!',
Whoever will becom-, responsible' for the
, . 1 .
pcymcnt oi nine papers, shad receive a tenth
Advertisements will be inserted on the cus-
Peisons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify thc number of times they
wish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement, inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by some person
in tills town, or its vicinity.
Ci'All letters to the editors must be post-paid,
or they will not be attended to.
fill IE subscriber is now opening, at his Store
JL in Salisbury, a general and well selected
Just received direct from New-York and Phila
delphia, and laid in at prices that will enable him
n sell remarkably low. His customers, and the
public, are respectfully invited to call and ex
amine for themselves. All kinds of Country
Produce received in exchancre.
rinilE subscriber respectfully informs the citi
JL zens of the Western section of N. Carolina
and the adjoining districts of S. Carolina, that he
has established the Hook-Binding1 Business, in all
of its various branches, in the town of Salisbury,
N. C. He has taken the store formerly occupied
by Wood Sc Krider, on Main-street, three doors
north of the Court-House.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
a competent knowledge of his business, in the
city of Baltimore, the subscriber flatters himself
that he will be able to execute every kind of
work in his line, in a style and on terms that will
give general satisfaction.
Merchants and others, can have Blank Boohs
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
as cheap and as well finished as any that can be
brought from the North.
Old Books rebound on thc most reasonable
terms, and at short notice.
Orders from a distance, for Binding of every
description, will be faithfully attended to.
WILLIAM H. YOUNG.
Salisbury, June 8, 1821. 53
Xew Stage to WalevgU.
THE subscriber, who is
contractor for carrying
k thr TL Stitei Tr.il hrtvi'Pfn
Raleicrh and Salisburv, by
way of Randolph, Chatham, 5cc. respectfully in
needs a trial to tjain a preference.
The Stage arrives in Salisbury every Tuesday,
8 or 9 o'clock, and departs thence for Raleigh
the same day at 2 o'clock; it arrives in Raleigh
Friday evening, and leaves there for Salisbury
on Saturdav at 2 o'clock.
Jfai 22, 1821. 50
RAN away from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
Mecklenburg count, N. Carolina, a Negro
Boy by thc name of SIMON; dark complexion,
stout made, and five feet seven or eight inches
high. He speaks low when stjoken to. It is
supposed that he will make towards the county I
aga:n. iiVAr. WILIE.
V; -ireh 21, 1821. 60
'i iie Eilitors of the Richmond Enquirer are
requested to insert thc above advertisement six
weeks, and send their account to the office of
the Western Carolinian for payment.
"J Y the children of John Cunningham, de
.2 5 ceased, who departed this life in Greenville
District, S. C. whose wife was named Jane.
Their youngest daughter, Jane Cunningham, is
now residing in Bloomficld, Nelson county, Ken.
and is desirous of obtaining any information that
will open a correspondence between the widow
of said Cunningham, or John, James and George,
children of the aforesaid John and Jane Cun
ningham. The said Jane was bound or put un
der the care of Mrs. Armstrong, of South-Carolina,
who removed to Kentucky and brought the
s lid Jane i ith her. Any information relating to
thc;:i vill Le thankfully rcre'r.-ed, hv
rr Editors of newspapers in Washington City,
North and South-Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and
Tennessee, will confer a particular obligation on
an orphan child, by jjiviiu:
lu-ce inacruons in their tes
ivinir the aoove two or
jonns me puuuc, niai ue nas nueu up an enure i r .-." ,. , . , 4 i
N'r'itr c-ir-r- i- i .i Li?li;y, ot this State, who proposes to estab
NEW STAGE: which, adced to other lninrove- itk i-.xci.i i. ' ' i
. . , , ' , , , i . . i i- i-eieci .ciiooi, lor uic accommouauon oi a
ments that have been made, will enable him to ---n T,,u-. , v,. i, c..4i
. v-rr- - i c i small number ot outns trom the South.
carrv PASLNGERt with ai much comfort and 1 ,.,.. c . 1 i t
i i ji v r Con:idenng luiu as a man or estimable char-
expeiution as thev can be carried bv anv hne of -r r - i
. . 1 i r cu "m ' acter, ot hucral attainments, and correct nnnci-
stages in this part of theountry. I he scarcity , lcs , ,,ave tukeI, te llbcrt of funiishln hIm
of money, the reduction in the price ot produce, , wi(h a ccrtIriCate for thc pilipOSC of encourag-
&.c. demand a correspondent reduction m evcrv : : i-, . .. -11 c .
,,,,, . P vc 1 .... ? , - mg him in his proposed plan of instruction.
department ot hte : 1 hcreore. the suosciiber k ci - 11 r r 1 -1 1
r-1 ,-. , . , 4t V c (Should any cf vour friends think proper to af-
nas determined to reduce the rate of passacre . r-.,i 1 4T,-- T i n
..... . 1 lord In in their natronaire, I tmst thev will not
eigraxo w.r cents per m,ie wnucmen find Uieir confidence n.isplaced.
travelling irom the M est to Raleigh, or bv wav ii--i i 1 1 i .
i 1 k 4 t x- i -1- l - "i the highest respect,
ot Raleigh to the North, are invited to try the v u v J
m.kS,.- c 1' v.i our obedient Servant,
ot i'rince imam, irguua, as ne was purcnasea 1 l1Csseline, respectfully sohcits a share of public
in that county. I will give the above reward if patronage. The house is elegantly situated,
the said negro is delivered to Isaac Wilie, Con- large, airy and commodious, fitted for the irnme
cord, Cabarrus count', or 25 dollars if secured in diate reception of families and travellers, who
any jail, and information given, so that I get him -ish to be retired, particularly for families trav-
R. JAMES II. LINSLEV has removed his
. Select Hoarding School to Stratford, 1 'air
field .county, Connecticut, 13 miles from Ncw
Jlavcn, and 65 from New-York; where he occu
pies one of the most elegant and commodious
houses in the State ; and the number of his pu
pils is limited to 15 only.
The principal design of the School is to pre
pare young gentlemen for Yale College, or any
other University in the U. States. Students de
sirous of entering the Freshman Class in the
College above named, will pursue the study ot
Arithmetic, Adam's Latin Grammar, I'rosodv,
j Virgil, Cicero's Select Orations, Clark's Intro-
lci to thc rrmkii.g of Itin, Sallust, Hrcek
I cstanient, and Dalzel s Grxca .Minora. I hose
. tieshous of entering a more advanced Class, will
j be instructed in Geography, English Grammar,
Adam's Roman Antiquities, Algebra, Mensura
tion -of Suneiucies and Solids, Heights and Dis-
j lances, Plane and Spheric Trigonometry and
Geometry, Surveying, Navigation, Natural and
Moral Pliilosophy, Astronomy, Elements of His
tory, Composition, Rhetoric and Rellcs-Lettres,
Sec. with the Latin and Greek Languages contin
ued through various authors.
In addition to the above will be taught, if de
sired, the French and Hebrew Languages, and
the study of Botany as an amusement, during thc
The terms for Board, Tuition, bedding, wash
ing, fuel, candles, and room, are two hundred and
twenty -five dollars per annum, payable half year
ly ; the first half year in advance.
The discipline and government of this School
will be addressed to the pride and honour of the
student; and an appeal by letter to the parent
will in all cases precede in any ultimate meas
ure. It is believed this school will be equal to
any of thc kind in the United States ; as the num
ber is more limited, the circle of sciences ten
dered to the student more extensive, and the un
divided attention of the preceptor insured to his
Gentlemen desirous of more particular infor
mation on the subject, are referred to the Hon.
Stephen Elliott, LL. I). Thomas S. GrimX-e, Esq.
Joseph Bennett, Esq. Bcrj. F. Hunt, Esq. in
Charleston ; to the Hon. James Wayne, Abra
ham Jtichards, Esq. Savannah ; John JJevereu.r,
Esq. Newbcrn,N. C. ; thc Hon. Juhn C. Calhoun,
Secretary of War; thc Hon. Henry Jl.12dicard.s-,
Edmund Imis, Esq. Washington city ; William
G-a.-y.xn, Esq. Baltimore ;. John Spangler, M. I).
Yorktown, Penn.; the Hon. Bangdon Cheves,
Philadelphia; the Hon. J'cter A. Jay, Wm. W.
li'uohey, Esq. Win. Sillimun, Esq. New-York.
And for general information, thc subjoined
Certificates are respectfully submitted.
Mr. James 11. Livsl... r has received a regular
education at this College, and sustained, while
here, an excellent character, and a respectable
standing in his class. He has been employed for
some years as a teacher of voutii, with success
and approbation ; and it is believed that he is
qualified to give instructions in the various
branches specified above.
President cf Yale College.
.Veu-Haven, Oct. 23, 1820.
In the above recommendation, 1 fully and cor
dial I v concur.
One of the J'rot'essons of Yule College.
Aexj.riaven, Oct. 21, 1323.
Copy cfa letter from the 7le. J. Day, D. D. LL. D.
to the Hon. Jo fix C. Ciliioux, Secretary of
War, dated Yale College, Oct. 23, 1820.
There may, perhaps, be put into your hands,
a cony ol an advertisement ot -Mr. James II.
The Hon. Jonx C. Calkoux,
P. S. A similar letter was also- written by Pres
ident Day to the lion. Stephen Elliott, LL. D.
- Stratford, July 20th, 1821. 6wt6C
9t the nfgn of the Eagle and Harp, west corner of
isroaa ana King streets, and one door north of
the Court House, CAfDlL S. C.
M M. M'COLLOCH,
TTA iNG reccntlv established him-
self in the above line, in that ele
gant house formerly occupied by Col. F. A. De-
elling fir their health. His House, Bar and Sta
bles, are always well supplied with thc neces
sary comforts and refreshments for man and
Ca'imhn, Juht Z6, 1821. 3 C2
TO THE PUBLIC.
XII AVE been credibly informed that there are
persons on the north and south side of thc
Yadkin river, and on different roads leading to
my ferry, who are and have been in the habit of
telling travellers that I have quit keeping up my
ferry, which I say is a grand falsity : And some
of them have gone so far as to tell the traveller
that I charge for a loaded wagon and team from
seventy-five cents to one dollar, which is another
falsity. 1 think it my duty, therefore, to inform
the public at large, that I still keep my ferry up,
that I have as good boats as there are on the
river, and that they will be well attended to.
The charges rre as follows: A loaded wagon
and team, 30 cents; an empty, the same; a two
horse wagon, loaded or empty, 23 cents; a cart,
23; pedler's wagon, with one horse, 25 cents ;
chairs, 2.5; a four wheel carriage for pleasure,
with two horses, 30 cents; a carriage with four
horses, thc same; horsemen five cenU ; footmen
five cents. JOHN S. LONG.
Augu t 12, 1821. 3 62
Hail! first of Arts, source of domestic ease j
Pride of the land, and patron of the seas.
TURNIPS how to protect from Fly; OATS
in thc straw contrasted with Hay as Forage.
TO THE EDITOU OF THE AMERICAN' FARMER.
Washington, 3d August, 1821.
Sir I sowed five-acres in turnips, but
they have been almost all destroyed by
the fly or burnt up. A neighbor of mine
w hom I deem the first of farmers, has sav
ed his turnips by working thc earth up to
thc young sprouts ; whereby, first, thc
roots were made more distant from the
great heat, and secondly thc earth sprink
led on thc young plants, prevented the fly
from eating thc same effect was produ
ced on cucumber and melon plants when
young. This hint I give in haste, as ma
ny persons have not yet sown their tur
nips. Oats cut with thc straw and put in thc
crib, arc better food for horses than hay,
and one ton will go as far as two tons of
hay the former are all eatand the latter
being picked out by the horses from the
racks, is half lost. Oats with thc straw
cost 50 cents per ton, and hay costs one
dollar per ton. If, therefore, I sell my
hay and buy oats unthreshed with thc
straw, I benefit thirty dollars in forty.
I trust that these two suggestions, will
compensate for my neglect of agricultu
ral subjects for some time. I mean to de
stroy my racks dry leaves and corn stalks
must he my litter in the winter Vcrbum
10th August, 1821.
I wrote a few lines to inform you of the
ravages of the fly amonj my turnips, Sec.
About a week ago I despaired of my
crop, but threw on thc rows burnt clods,
and now to my joy, find a most agreeable
change many that I thought dead have
revived The fly has disapppeared and
new leaves pushed out, although my
ground is very dry for want of rain. I
mention this in haste, that others may
save their turnips If we have not rain
soon our corn will be all destroyed. I re
ly on turnips and straw to preserve my
cattle. If others make the same experi
ment and arc successful, we may have
found a preventive against thc fly, whilst
wc add a good manure.
WORN OUT LAND A MINE OF WEALTH.
FROM THE ALBANY PLOUGH BOX.
From the first settlement of Amer
ca, lands have always been considered
so plei.ty and so cheap by our prede
cessors, that little attention has hereto
fore been had to economise the soil.
Recently, from a variety of concur
ring circumstances, especially from the
stimulating measures of numerous ag
ricultural societies, it is found much to
the interest and happiness of individu
als to renovate worn out lands, as they
have been called, in preference to sub
mitting to the privations and miseries
of seeking new lands in distant regions.
Among numerous successful experi
ments to renovate worn out lands, the
following well authenticated fact is
worthy the notice of every farmer.
David Lawton, a Quaker farmer, from
Rhode-Island, settled some years ago
in the town of Washington, county of
Dutchess, 13 miles east of Poughkeep
sje. His neighbor, Amos Herrick,
pressed him for some time to purchase
20 acres of land adjoining his farm,
which had been lying in common, as
worn out abandoned land, for seven
years. At length Lawton purchased
the 20 acres at S5 an acre, payable in
five years without interest, with the
privilege to abandon at the termination
of that period. Lawton's purchase
was the sport of the neighborhood ; it
was pronounced worth nothing, as it
was subject to a small tax, and that
even mull?.: would not grow on it.
The ensuing spring Lawton fenced in
the 20 acres with substantial rails, and
proceeded as follows :
First year, ploughed deep, sowed
oats, and put on 8 quarts of clover
seed ; and a bushel of plaster, immedi
ately after sowing, to the acre ; and
soon alter the field became green, a se
cond bushel of plaster to the acre ; left
the crop to ret on the ground, and per
mitted no creature to run on the land.
Second year, put on another bushel
of plaster to the acre in the spring ;
there was a good crop of clover, which
was again left to rot on the ground,
and no creature permitted to feed on it.
Third year, nothing was done in the
spring, but a vigorous growth of clover
covered the whole twenty acres, which
was ploughed in with 4 oxen to a good
depth ; the whole field smoked while
the clover was in a state of decomposi
tion. As soon as it was sufficiently
rotted, the field was cross-ploughed,
and when mellowed it was thoroughly
ploughed for a crop of wheat, which
was: neatly got in, and in a suScient
quantity, in the month of September.
In the 4th year, reaped as fine a crop
of wheat as Dutchess county had ever
produced, which sold for two dollars a
bushel. Lawton paid the purchase
money before it was due, refunded all
his expenses, and had J520 in pocket.
Two years after he refused 50 an a
cre for the same land, and fairly turn
ed the tables upon his sneering neigh
bours. The soil was a dark loam in
termixed with coarse gravel.
On looking over files of English pa
pers the following instance of the hor
rible effects of the beastly practice of
intoxication, presents itself:
4i A very distressing event took place
at the house of Mr. J. Christopher,
inn-keeper, in Ecleston, near Leyland.
A man in a state of beastly drunken
ness, went into a room adjoining the
one in which he had been drinking, and
sat himself down upon a cradle in
which a child was sleeping. The mo
ther, that it might not be disturbed by
the noise and confusion of the compa
ny who frequented the tavern, had re
moved into the retired apartment.
The anxiety she felt on seeing the cra
dle occupied by a drunken man may
therefore easily be conceived but the
shock was inexpressibly increased,
when, on removing the stupified brute,
she found that the poor innocent had
breathed its last, having died through
Although wre have not heard of any
occurrence so shocking as this in our
country, yet scarcely a week passes
without a coroner's verdict being re
turned of one, sometimes two persons,
dving of intemperance. This vicious
propensity seems, indeed, to be gain
ing ground every day, notwithstanding
the many fatal consequences which a
rise from its indulgence. Nor can
this be a matter of surprise when it is
considered, that spiritous liquors are
now selling in some of the grog shops
of this city at a price little higher than
the price of milk. So long, therefore,
as it can be got at this easy rate, and
with so much facility, it is in vain to
denounce the use of liquor, or to ex
pect a diminution of the many acci
dents, and the innumerable crimes,
consequent on its abuse. The evil
must be attacked at its root : the num
ber of dram shops must be reduced ;
and all. kinds of liquors must be in
creased in price, before any effectual
check can be given to intemperance.
It is in the power oi the police to with
hold licenses from liquor stores. The
general government might, by a tax on
foreign and domestic spirits, lessen
their consumption. We believe a
measure of this nature would be gene
rally acceptable. Considering that it
would greatly increase the revenue, we
trust that a project so essential to the
preservation of public morals, will not
be lost sight of. National Advocate
Rye, manufactured by a process simi
lar to malting, is becoming extensively
a substitute for imported coftv.e. The
manufacture has thus far been carried on
chiefly, if net wholly, in Philadelphia, and
almost every vessel from there to this!
port brings ten, twenty, or even fifty bar
rels. It is perhaps a closer imitation of
foreign coffee than any thing else which
has been hit upon. It hr.s been substitu
ted in many respectable families. The
price is from four to six cents a pound,
not more than one fifth as much as the
Cobbctt is publishing, monthly, a work
entitled Religious Tracts, in numbers, at
three fience each. The following are the
titles of his three first numbers :
No. 1. Naboth's Vineyard; or God's vengeance
against hypocrisy and cruelty.
No. 2. The Sin of Drunkenness in king,
priests, and people.
No. 3. The fall of Judas; or God's vengeance'
Upon this publication, in his advertise
ment he says, " The six acts of parliament
tying down the press, make an exception
in favor of religious iiublicationsy and the
author thought it hard, if he could not
get his nose in among the privileged
There was in June last, on sale at Mr. Acker
man's in the Strand, London, one of the most
splendid specimens of Bibliography, which has ever
perhaps been offered to the world. It consists
of the History of Westminster Abbey, published
by Mr. A. and this copy is characterized by the?
following circumstances the letter press is on
vellum, the eighty-four original d7auings have
been introduced, the titles of the drawings and
the volumes, are by the late Mr. Tomkins, and
the binding unites everv point of magnificence,
having cost no Jess than 278.. S1235 66. Ths
total cost of Ue three volumes in drawings, vel
lum, writing andbinding, has been 1796; (7982
22,) but the proprietor, gratified with the honor
cf preparing such a book, asks no more than
15001. (6666 dollars 67 cents,) for it.
ERICA?.- PAK3IEH ,
THE PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.
"Stuck o'er with tides, or hung round with
That thou may'st be, by kings, &c. tops.
In your paper of the 13th, there is
inserted an account of the peerage of
England, amounting to several hun
dreds, whose descent is reckoned, in a
number of instances, to ancestors of
many ages past, as far, as the days of
William 1st, the Norman conqueror cf
the kingdom. This detail of vanity
has, however, as much falsehood as
imposition in it ; and, it may not be
amiss for the American rearlr 'iy
one who bears the figure, Jia treathf
the spirit of a human being, to be tol
the truth that they may know at ont '
their own equal value in the creatietK
and the worthlessness of those w'
have endeavoured to gild their oj
names with the insolent titles of I
bility and have abused the rest?
mankind with debasing appellation
vassalage, villainage and slavery.
The heads of bands of freebooter:
in every instance the robbers an
spoilers of people and countries, wei .
they who assumed these sounding
names and titles. And who are they,'
who claim honor of being descended
irom thieves and murderers I William
the conqueror, is the title of a bastard
sprung from a barbarous woman, the,
chief of mongrel bands of sea and laac
robbers, who possessed themselves by
force of a part of France became a
duke, and his spurious descendant, by
like force, made himself king of Eng
land. Was he such who is the ac
knowledged head of this boasted noj
bility . and what are then the bearV.
ers of the names of his vassals, why
now tell the world, that they are as olij
as he ; which, in their language, mean'
nearly as good r The last need not t
clenierl : lmt- tlinnrrVi thxr orp thi cnrfi
of sons of men, who lived in his time
as every one now living is ; yet it m?
be boldly said, that hardly any of thed
claimants of nobility can show th
their fathers were even the title bed
ers, then, or for many ages after, rr.
The continual wars and rebellions TX
the barons of former days, destroyed
their persons and families and trans- I
ferred their confiscated estates and ti-
ties to the supporters of the strongest J
party. These new earls, dukes, &c. j
soon became, in their turn, the victims r
of new changes : and, after the destroy-J
ing vicissitude of York and Lancaster!
successions, scarcely an old noble i e-
mamed. Henry 8th accomphsheShe
ruin of the rest ; and still, as newW
appeared with the old titles, thqeof
v uiaiuua vji icuyiuus, Civil VUIb, Jij
the blasting lewdness that came' W
. c 7St
away the last comers. But, from thar