North Carolina Newspapers

S.TLISlVirilX, . C. TYittSYjAX, SETTTIliETt 11, 1831.
NO. 6'o.
j-j rv mi
rnisTEn au runLisiiEn, kveht tuxsdat,
TEiirrs :
The subscription to the Westerx Cauolimav
5s Three Dollars per annum, payable half-year!)
in advance.
No paper will be discontinued until al
arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing to give
notice cf his wish to discontinue at the end of a.
year, will be considered as vvishiwr to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
"Whoever will become responsible for tin
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tentl
Awveutisemevts will be inserted on the cus
tomary .Tms. Persons sending in Advcr
tiscments, must specify the number of times they
wish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by some person
in this town, or its vicinity.
CjAU letters to the editors must be post-paid,
cr they will not be attended to.
iXew Goods.
riHE subscriber is now opening, at his Store
1, in Salisbury a general and well selected
assortment cf
Just received direct from New-York and Phila
, lelphia, and laid in at prices that will enable him
:o sell remarkably low. His customers, and the
, public, are respectfully invited to call and cx
. amine for themselves. All kinds of Country
Produce received in exchange.
latrS J. MURPHY.
Tooc-Bi&mg Business.
THE subscriber respectfully informs the citi
zens of the Western section of N. Carolina
and the adjoining districts of S. Carolina, that he
has established the Book-Binding Business, in all
of its various branches, in the town of Salisbury,
N. C. lie has taken the store formerly occupied
by Wood U Krider, on Main-street, three uoors
north of the Court-House.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
a competent knowledge of his business, in the
city of Baltimore, the subscriber flatters himself
that he will be able to execute every kind of
work in his line, in a style and on terms that will
give general satisfaction.
Merchants and others, can have Blank Books
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
as cheap and as well finished as any that can be
brought from the North.
Old Books rebound on the mcst reasonable
terms, and at short notice.
Orders from a distance, for Binding of every
description, will be faithfully attended to.
Salisbury, June 8, 1821. 53
iVcw Stage to RAeAg.
subscriber, who is
contractor for carrvinir
VE&vAWiZO the 17. States Mail htu-t?eii
mtia Raleigh and Salisbury, by
M ay of Randolph, Chatham, &.c. respectfully in
forms the public, that he has fitted up an entire
NEW STAGE; which, added to other improve
ments that have been made, will enable him to
carrv PASSENGERS with as much comfort and
expedition as they can be carried by anv line of
stages m this part of the country. The scarcity
of money, the reduction in the price of produce,
&.c. demand a correspondent reduction in cverv
department of life : Therefore, the subscriber
has determined to reduce the rate of passage
from eight to six cents per mile. Gentlemen
travelling from the West to Raleigh, or by way
of Raleigh to the North, are invited to try the
subscriber's Stage, as he feels assured it'onlv
needs a trial to gain a preference.
The Stage arrives in Salisbury every Tuesday,
8 or 9 o'clock, and departs thence for lialcigh
the same day. at 2 o'clock; it arrives in Raleigh
Friday evening, and leaves there for Salisbury
on Saturd:v at 2 o'clock.
.If y 221831. 50 JOHN LANE.
fitly BoU&Ys IvTOai'il.
TTJ AN away from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
.X Mecklenburg county, N. Carolina, a Negro
lioy by the name of SIMON; dark complexion,
stout made, and five feet seven or eight inches
hi"-'i. ,- Ui?pn snoken to. It is
stTposeddiXhc unmake towards the county
of Prince William, Virginia, as he was purchased
in that county. 1 w ill give the above Reward it
the saiii negro is delivered to Jsaac Jl'ifie, Con
cord, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollar if secured in
any jail, and information given, so that I get him
a rain. EVAN W1LIE.
March 21, 1821. 50
The Editors of the Richmond Enquirer arc
requested to insert the above advertisement six
weeks, and send tld-ir account to the office of
the Western Carolinian for payment.
TLiCoYniion WmiteiY,
"jrY the children ;f John Cunningham, de-
.O ceased, who defiarted this life in Greenville
District, h. C wrioid wile wu
s named Jane.
Their oungest daughter, Jane Cunningham, i;
now residinc: in Blooilfield, Nelson county, Ken
and is desirous of obtining any information that
will open a bctwcc!. the widow
of said Cunningham, oS.Iohn, .lames and George,
children of the aforeid John ami Jane Cun
ningham. The said .) Ae was bound or put un
der the care of Mrs. Ainstrong, of South-Carolina,
who removed to Kentucky and brought the
said Jane with her. A ny information relating to
h'jui will bjhankfiilly rCfived, bv
Jilowflcld, JCen.
CT" F.aircrs of ncwrparArsin Wasliington Citv,
Corth and South-CarolinaAieorgia, Alabama, and
Vennesee, will confer a pyticular obligation on
:m orphan child, by givi
.!r?e inse rtion's i:i t.'jejr r
the above two or
rclect;ve naper..
Select School.
Mir. JAMES II. LINSLEV has removed his
Select Hoarding School to Stratford, Fair
field .countv, Connecticut, 13 miles from New
Haven, and 65 from New-York; where he occu
pies one of the most elegant and commodious
houses in the State ; and the number of his pu
pils is limited to 15 only.
The principal design of the School is to pre
pare young gentlemen for Vale College, or any
other University in the U. States. Students de
sirous of entering the Freshman Class in the
College above named, will pursue the study of
Arithmetic, .Adam's Latin Grammar, Prosody,
Virgil, Cicero's Select Orations, Clark's Intro
duction to the making of Latin, S,dh:st, Greek
Testament, and Dalzel's Graxa Minora. These
desirous of entering a more advanced ('lass, will
be instructed in Geography, English Grammar,
Adam's Roman Antiquities, Alq bra, Mensura
tion of Superficies ami Solids, Heights and Dis
tances, Plane ana fsphcr.c 1 ri'roiioinetrv and
Geometry, Surveying, Navigation, Natural and
.Moral Philosophy, Astronomy, Elements of His
tory, Composition, Rhetoric and IJclIes-Lettre.s
&c. with the Latin and Greek Languages contin
ued through various authors.
In addition to the above will be taught, if de
sired, the French and Hebrew Lamruacres, and
the study of Botany as an. amusement, during the
floral season.
The terms for Hoard, Tuition, bedding, wash
ing, fuel, candles, and room, arc two hundred and
twenty-five dollars per annum, payable half vear
!-; the first halt year in advance.
The discipline and government of this School
will he addressed to the pride and honour of the
student; and an appeal bv letter to the parent
will in all cases precede in anv ultimate meas
ure. It is believed this school will be equal to
any of the kind in the United States ; as the num-
er is more limited, the circle cf sciences ten
dcrcd to the student more extensive, and the un
divided attention of the preceptor insured to his
Gentlemen desirous of more particular infor-
mauon on tne suoject, are reierrca to tne lion.
i t i . i. .i .
Stephen JJliott, LL. D. 7 homas S. Grimkc, Esq.
Joseph Bennett Esq. Benj. I Hunt, Esq. in
Liarleston ; to the lion. James .. II cwne, lbm-
ham BicharJs, Esq. Savannah ; John JJeT'ereiur,
Esq. Newborn, N. C. ; the Hon. John C. Calhoun,
Secretary ot War; the Hon. Henry Jl Edwards,
Edmund Laiv, Esq. Washington city; William
G-wynn, Esq. I'altiniore ; Jjhn Spangler, M. D.
Vorktown, Penn. ; the Hon. Jangdon Chexes,
Philadelphia; the Hon. JWr .7. Jay, Jl'tn. '.
Jf'oolsey, Esq. J I'm. Silliman, Esq. New-York.
And for general information, the subjoined
Certificates arc respectfully submitted.
Mr. Ja.mks H. Linsi.ev has received a regular
education at this College, and sustained, while
here, an excellent character, and a respectable
standing in bis class. He b;is been employed for
some years as a teacher of youth, with success
and approbation ; and it is believed that he is
qualified to g-ive instructions in the various
branches specified above.
President of Yale College.
Ae7-Ifaven, Oct. 23, 1S20.
In the above recommendation, 1 fully and cor
diallv concur.
One of the J'rof-rsors of Yale College.
AWj-Ifavm, Oct. 2 1, 1 820.
Copy of a Idler from the Iiev. J. IUr, J). 1). LL. D.
to the Hon. John- C. Cau'ouv, Secrctaru of
il'ar, dtjd Yale C'Alege, Oct. 23, 1S20.
DF.ri Sin,
There may, pr rbps, be put into your hands.
a copy of an advertisement ot Mr. .Iamks H.
Ltnslet, of this St t'c, v ho proposes to estab
lish a select School, for the accommodation of a
small number of youths from the South.
Considering him as a man of estimable char
acter, of liberal attainments, and correct princi
ples; I have taken the liberty of furnishing him
with a certificate, for the purpose of encourag
ing him in his proposed plan of Instruction.
Should any of your friends think proper to af
ford him their patronage, I trust they will not
find their confidence misplaced.
With the highest respect,
Your obedient Servant,
The Hon. Jmiy C. Cat.hoit.
Washington City.
P. S. A similar letter was also written by Pres
ident Dat to the Hon. Stephen Elliott, LL. D.
Stratford, July 20th, 1821. GwtSG
"7"'LIj " disposed of at Public Sale, onTues
V f day and Wednesday, the 1 1th and 12th davs
of September next, all the stock of the subscri
ber, consisting of Milch Cow s, Calves, Horses,
Hogs, Farming Utensils, Fodder, Hav, Uc. &x!
ami likewise, some Household Furniture. Also"
his Distillery, containing two Stills, one' of 110
gallons, of a superior qualitv, and one cf 60 gal
Ions, with a complete set of hogsheads and
Terms of purchase will be made known at the
time of sale.
At the same time, the subscriber will rent to
the highest bidder, (unless previously rented by
private contract,) for one year, thelhtation,
with all its appurtenances, on which he now
.75:28,1821. SwGl '
OX the 4th day of October, at Mock's Old Field,
there will be sold, on a credit of six months,
several valuable young NEGIiO BOYS and
tilltLS, belonging to the estate of the late Col.
llichmond Pearson, deceased.
J. A. PEAKSOX, Executor.
E. PE AKS OX. llvecutrijc.
August 21, 1821. 6-its
Aiuiun i'oY ftale.
"VTOTICE. For sale, a valuable Plantation, 12
il miles from Salisbury, on the Main Yadkin
river. This plantation contains 360 acres of Hne
I -.;id, attached to which is a very alnablc Ferry.
Terms will be made convenient. For particular.-:,
apply to Dr. Fcrrand, in Salisbury.
I!j.ea:i Co. July 3, 1821. 57
ror so2s id this. Office,
Hail! first of Arts, source of domestic ease
Pride of the land, and patron of the seas.
committee on manures, in obedience to
the direction cf the Pendleton Agricultural So
ciety of South-Carolina, nt their last meeting,
beg leave respectfully to submit the following
July 9th, 1813.
Aware of the great importance of the
subject, and of the difficulty of arranging
a system, at once simple and efficient,
your committee have felt themselves em
barrassed by another consideration of a
painful nature. A conviction that an in
competent discharge of their duty may
lead their fellow citizens into errors and
losses, and endanger the reputation of a
system on which all good farming is
founded, and which, when judiciously
prosecuted, has always been attended with
the most beneficial effects. Your com
mittee, however, have not suffered them
selves to be deterred, even by this consid
eration, from uniting their most zealous
efTorts in so good a cause ; trusting to su
perior wisdom for a happy issue, they
will only add, that the subsequent recom
mendations are founded either on their
own knowledge and experience, or deriv
ed from the best and latest authorities, to
which they have had access.
Before entering upon the subject of
their immediate duty your committee
would earnestly recommend to their bto
thcr farmers to examine and ascertain
precisely, the nature of the soil which is
to be the subject of improvement. In
the vegetable, as in the physical world,
the nature of the defect should be com
pletely understood, in order to adopt the
appropriate remedy; and as our fields not
only differ materially 9 but are even sonic
times of an opposite quality, it is evident
that a very judicious course of manage
ment for one field, may be extremely
pernicious for another.
Believing this point to be of primary
importance, your committee will endea
vour to assist the judgment, by enumera
ting the different soils of this district, as
far as they arc acquainted with them ; for
this purpose it will be sufficient at present
to consider them under three divisions :
First : Stiff clay soils, generally red,
with more or less sandy vegetable earth
on the surface.
This soil is mostly sterile, after a few
years of cultivation in the ordinary way ;
but as one principal cause of its sterility
is its adhesion, and as clay is known to
contain a great portion of the food of
plants, it follows that the first step to
wards improvement, is to destroy its ad
hesive quality, in order to enable its fer
tile particles to act. To accomplish this
object, clay soils should be mixed with
sucli particles as tentl to open them and
break the cohesion of their parts ; when
this is accomplished, this land becomes
highly valuable, retaining manures for a
length of lime, and with good manage
ment will never return to its former state.
Among other substances proper to be
mixed with this soil, may be enumerated
sand or gravel, ashes, sawdust from mills,
rubbish from old buildings or yards, straw,
stubble, rotten wood, burnt clay, farm
yard manure, and gypsum, or plaster of
pai is. Tanner's bai k, and substances
which promote a strong fermentation, arc
peculiarly excellent, and it is believed j
that a mixture ot any or ot all ot the a
bove mentioned substances, in a compo
sed heap, would triple the product of such
land, if properly ploughed in and brought
into good tilth by the plough and harrow.
The second division may be called a
loamy soil. This kind of earth is less
cohesive and more fertile than the former,
and is composed cf sand, clay, and an oi
Iv vegetable substance, with a substratum
of red clay at some depth, on uplands,
and generally of bluish clay on river or
creek bottoms. These latter are gene
rally admitted to be so fertile as to re
quire little aid from manures : but the up
lands, after a few years cultivation, will re
quire a compost of stable manure, sand
and vegetable rubbish, to break the tena
city, and recruit the poverty which suc
cessive crops vwll pioducc. Loads of
mud and deca) ing leaves, hauled from
creeks and stagnant pools, are very high
ly recommende d for this soil, and the pro
portion of sand or gravel should be in
creased as the land becomes more stiff.
Ths third divhion wijl comprise Jight
sandy soils, with an ash colored mould at
top. This soil is more porous and open
than those which we have considered. It
receives moisture with great facility, but
parts with it as easily. To improve this
soil, clayey loamy earth must be spread
over it, and composts of animal and veg
etable substances ; but all light sandy par
ticles carefully avoided. This
kind of earth is the only one in this dis
trict, which will bear what " Arator"
calls, 44 the American custom of pen
ning," as the treading of animals imparts
a firmness of the soil which in a great
measure will prevent the continual evap
oration of moisture, while it receives
great benefit from their manure.
Your committee having thus Lrieflv
endeavored, (by the classification of the
great bulk of the farms of this district,)
to erect some standard by which an intel
ligent farmer may correctly ascertain the
nature of his soil, its defects, and their
appropriate remedy, will proceed to the
subject immediately committed to them ;
the collection and application of manures.
All the manures which can be used in
this district, may be classed under four
heads : animal, vegetable, compound, and
Animal manure, by which we at pres
ent mean, the dung ot horses, cattle,
sheep, and hogs, with the refuse of the
poultry yards, is one of the most power
ful manures that can be applied to the
soil, and the most approved modern wri
ters strongly recommend that it be im
mediately buried beneath the surface,
there to undergo its putnficative process,
that the earth above may be benefited by
the ammoniacal gas which it evolves in
its decomposition. The dung of horses,
hogs, and poultry, on account of its great
tendency to fermentation and putrefac-
lion, is best adapted to cold, stitt, and
clayey soils; while that of cattle may be
most beneficially applied to warmer soils.
On sandy porous soil, cattle may be con
fined by a temporary fence, on a strip of
land, which being removed at a given
time, (according to the number confined
thereon,) their dung should be immedi
ately ploughed under, that it may not be
exposed to the action of the sun, or of
rain. But as nine tenths of the farms of
this country would be materially injured
by the poaching of the soil ; and as very
few of our farmers keep a sufficient stock
to improve any quantity of land, in any
way, by animal manure alone, your com
mittee will not detain you longer on this
head, but will proceed to the considera
tion of the second class? or vegetable ma
nure. In this division, we comprehend either
green plants turned under by the plough
while growing, or parts of vegetables, af
ter they have been decomposed or burnt,
with their ashes, roots and fibres.
The only experience your committee
themselves have had of ploughing under
any vegetable substance standing on the
soil, is the case ol ploughing m stubble.
This practice has for a number of years
been performed on cold, stiff", blue clay
river bottom land, from which a success
ion of the same crops for perhaps seven
ty years, had worn away all the top or
vegetable earth. This practice has al
ways been attended with beneficial re
sults; for though the stubble is a long
time in decomposing, and affords but lit
tle soluble matter for the food of plants,
yet the tenacity of the soil is always bro
ken and a considerable degree of tilth
produced, enabling the fibrous roots of
the plants to penetrate in au directions m
search of their food.
But if dry stubble ploughed under, pro
duces such happy results, how much
greater would be the benefit, if a green
crop, in full luxuriance, in the season of
its blossoms, were treated in a similar
manner? The interior woody fibre of
the vegetable, taking a longer time to de
compose, would have the same effect as
the stubble, of opening the soil, while the
iuicv bark and leaves, speedily undergo
ing the putrificative process in the earth,
would mipaii a. iiu-iiuci aim iciiuuy iu
the soil, which would amply repay the lit
tle labor and expense that would be incur
red. Lord Kairnes objects to ploughing
under grren vegetable crops, merely be
cause the vegetables commonly used for
this purpose, are proper food for animals,
and he conceives that the best way of
converting it into manure, is to pass it
through the body of an animal, which
will increase its value, while the dung
and urine will enrich his soil more than
ploughing under the green crop. Your
committee will indulge themselves in two
remarks on this objection. The first is,
that so little labour and expense is requir
ed in seeding and the two ploughings re
quired by the vegetable system, that any
common industrious farmer may sow one
field for feeding and others for turning
under, and if the green vegetables are to
be cut, and carried perhaps some dis
tance, to the stalls and sheds, to prevent
poaching, this continued daily labor will!
make it the most expensive mode. The
otlier and stronger objection to Lord
Kaimes plan, is that few, if any of our
farmers keep a stock sufficiently large to
manure any quantity of land, by the dung
of animals alone, while the vegetable sys
tem manures the whole field at onrc,.aml
equally. to isi: coxn:a,r,.a.
" And presently the "Wolf came, sure enough ,
but the Shepherds, who had been so often de
ceived, came not to his relief."
u Take care of a consolidated govern
ment ! Guard our rights i Your liber
ties are in danger!" are ejaculations so
often made by noisv politicians, and busv
printers, that one just waking from
dream might think w e were on the eve ot
being made slaves of being compelled
to do homage to some iietre lord.
From Ohio we hear it echoed, that thcx
ultima ratio regtini must be looked to, U
guard the country from danger. The U
nited States' Bank sent its money there:
and kindly loaned it. Presently, howev
er, they wanted it back ; and because they
had the effrontery to say so, suddenly the
institution became remarkably unpopular.
The state laid a tax upon it ; and forcibly,
by her authorities, entered the Bank and
took away g 100,000. All this Ohio
thought was very right ; and because the
courts of the United States are likely to
decide against this high stretch of power,
the cry is raised that we arc about to have
a consolidated form of government, and
that the liberty of the people is endan
gered. Kentucky goes a step or two farther :
She is with Ohio on this bank subject ;
but, stranger still, seems shrewdly to sus
pect that revolution is wrapped in the lale
decision of the Supreme Court on the oc
cupant Ia.w of Kentucky. A candidate
for the legislature of that state, in an ad
dress to the people, lately published in the
Reporter, remarks, that " the adjudication
of the Supreme Court of the United
States, on the occupant claim law, is a
deadly stab at the sovereignty and indepen
dence of Kentucky ; that the legislature
ought therefore to ejciress her determina
tion to aiieal to arms rather than s7tdmit to
a decisiojz so adverse to her interest rights
and dignity.'
Virginia, too, is quite open mouthed in
her complaints; and, like the other two,
is of opinion, that the Supreme Court
having lately determined or rather hinted,
that Congress might possibly have power
to authorize lottery tickets to be sold in
that state, wras aiming a dangerous ulow
at the happiness, prosperity, and liberty,
ol tne American nation.
Delaware has also lately imposed a tax
upon every body travelling through that
state in a public stage: With the same
propriety, it is apprehended, she may tax
people on foot or on horseback, or after
any other manner travelling. Should
some obstinate fellow question this right,
and obtain a decision of the Supreme
Coin tin his favor, another cause of alarm
and apprehension for the liberty of the
country will be forthwith added.
Now, we know nothing to which all
these sage apprehensions can be so well
likened, as to a story we have somewhere
heard, or perhaps read in some modern
Almanac. A beautiful young 'ady was
sitting by a heated oven, bathed in tears,
when her mother entered : alarmed at the
seeming distress, the old lady enquired
the cause. " Oh dear," said she, " I was
just thinking that suppose I had been mar
ried, and had a beautiful little child, just
beginning to run about ; and you and I
being at the same time absent, the little
darling should have crept into this heated
oven and been burnt to death Surely I
should never have survived it." The
young lady was relieved though, by learn
ing from her mother that, for the present,
and perhaps for some time to come, her
children would most likely be in no dan
ger ; a circumstance which before had not
occurred to her.
These things serve but to prove the
complaining nature of man. The slaves
of continental Europe complain, and just
ly too, of the despotism under which they
groan ; and the people of the United
States murmur because they are not only
free but happy. If we are oppressed,
who is it by ? Ourselves : and if we
should really take up arms, and wage
war for higher privileges, against whom
shall we wage it ? Against ourselves,
surely. It will be a contest, then, to ex
cite the admiration of all time to come ; a
contest by a people free and happy, that
thev may obtain freedom and happiness ;
a contest in which the wonderful specta
cle shall e presented of a people warring;
aq-Pinst themselves.
We mean not, by our remarks, to insin
uate that this complaining spirit should be
Ye arc a convert to the oninion of a trr."-.

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