statesman cf our own country, tliat i: cr
ior of opinion may be safely tolerated,
where icason is left free to combat it;'
but we regret the feeling which engen
ders the thought, that force, under any
.circumstances, should be necessary where
all power is in the hands of the people
Occasionally it is parted with; hut again
returns to the people, when, if any errors
or improprieties have been practised, the
mode of peaceably correcting them is
possessed : To depose from authority
those who, when installed into office 44 feel
power and forget right," is a remedy so
certain and so effectual, that it is folly to
speak of any other, without exposing our
selves to the contempt and ridicule of the
rational and thinking part of mankind.
The best remedy is to select for office,
men of talents and integrity ; above all
select those of
complaints will be at an end.
and tilth" nanus so ethereal, that hut Jew
plain men (such as arc made of flesh and
blood) can understand them. But I must
close my remarks, or many persons might
be induced to believe that this is the Iu
N. B. Since writing the above, I have
been credibly informed that there are cer
tain Wiseacres in almost every neighbor
hood, who are in the habit of palming on
some of their neighbors newspaper com
munications which were w ritten 50 miles
distant from them ! k.
Messrs. Bingham Ec White :
You will, probably, render some service to the
cause cf truth, honesty, and virtue, and shield
an honorable and worthy Gentleman from the
lie comes, the herald of a noisy world,
News from all nations lumb'ring at his back.
rUNEKAL OF NAPOLEON.
From London Papers to the 10th ult. received
The following account of the funeral
cf Bonaparte is extracted from The Guar
n'ian, in which it is given as an extract
from a private letter of an officer at St.
Helena: 44 Bonaparte was burried on
Wednesday, the 9th, between the willow
trees, in the spot he had pointed out, a
bout a mile and a half from Longwood
House, (by the road.j A procession of
the military staff, and all the naval offi
cers, followed the corpse, which was laid
periods, and continued it up to within a
few davs of his death. It is intended for
44 It is a singular coincidence, that the
Waterloo, E. J. Alan, laden with necessa
ries for his establishment at Longwood,
arrived only two days before his death,
just in time to witness nis unai beumg
rOXGWOOP, ST. HELENA, MAT 6.
Report of appearances on dissection of
the body of Napoleon Bonaparte
On a superficial view, the body appear
cd very fat, which state was confirmed by
the first incision down its centre, where
the fat was upwards of one inch and a
halt over the abdomen. Un cutting
through the cartillages of the ribs, and
ted to by the ltmpfcss "Louisa must have
been dictated, at her father's court, with a
firm intention of acting upon it when a
favorable opportunity occurred. It is
cvtn far from being improbable that
the Emperor Alexander may have been
brought over to concur in the wishes of
Francis. The latter may have agreed not
to oppose the designs of the former upon
Turkey, in considerasion of the former
remaining passive while steps were tak
ing to place the young Napoleon upon the
throne of France. Xational Advocate.
. j t ri, r ,. v , , . . . . vii rt iMuotv ua , in u ijhiii uiuuw - auy vuuiij,
i exemplary and moral tic- . " 7 . -j "--, Cjaid wood and lin w-lth,n ) and was recei-
d things will go on well: mS "-wcrc. a place m your w. auy circuutca vcd QU cmerdn from th'c rou,
ron the WESTtnx Carolinian'.
paper. I hey arc copied trom the Cauaw ba
rno.M the cahawba rnr.ss.
Messrs. Editor. By publishing the
following letter from Mrs. Ruthy Wallace,
of N. C. to Israel Pickens, Esq. of this
siate, you will at once do an act of justice
to Mr. Pickens, and oblige many of your
tnends. Generally speaking, I do not
think that the report, alluded to in Mrs.
grounds by a
Mentis gratissitnus error.
In pleasing error lost, raid charmingly deceived.
JUESSRS. PRINTERS :
As I am one of your subscribers, you i W's. letter, was believed but it is known
will qf course, permit me to remonstrate that in some few counties in the state, this
against such grievances as require redress calumny was received as true This let-
and animadversion. You must know, ter, then, will have the effect not only of
then, that I am situated among a crowd covering the fabricator of the story with
of intuitive philosophers, or wiseacres, disgrace, but will throw a blush on the
These men of wonder working wisdom checks of the persons who were credu
arc (as a matter of course) great critics, lous enough to believe and countenance it.
They are distinguished as the knowing You will also insert the letter cxplana-
ones. fheir wisdom was born with them, tory from J. G. Lyon, Esq. of St. Ste
(which was not the case with all of us,) phens, to G. F. Mott, Esq. editor of the
and on that account, they possess natures j Alabama Courier.
more ethereal than those who acquire A SUBSCRIBER.
thiir philosophy through the avenues of
the senses. These persons cannot lit be- L . St. Stephens, July 16th, 1821,
iny contrary to their natures believe in ir' MoTT.
the philosophical opinions of our Locke, Sir Fhe following is the copy of a
jespecting innate principles. They must lcttcr received at this post office by the
believe the doctrine of transmigration ; last malI and thc Gentleman to whom it
and that their bodies are animated with wab resseu eing irom nomc, 1 nave
thR souls of denarted nhilosoDhers. This been desired by one of his irieDds to pub
is the only rational conclusion which I can lis.h t though it is not presumed that the
draw from the premises. misrepresentation alluded to in the letter,
Thus possessed of a large stock of in- has ?iade serious impressions any where ;
tuitive wisdom, they claim the right (a yet it may serve to gire satisfaction where
vt'Al noetic. I rrnse of not only ud-nr 11 "Ia ,,iUC ooiaincu circulation.
1 1 - j j .----o
the pieces that appear in your paper, but,
by the aid of intuition, they can point out
ths authors by name ! But unfortunately
for them, their opinions and assertions
have no more relation to the real authors,
than Nero has to Mahomet.
Persons thus gifted, must be well ver
sed in legends and fables, antiquated to
You will please therefore to publish thc
Jlecklenburg, V. C. June 22. 1821.
I have understood with much surprise
and concern, that reports have been cir-
riilntfd in Alfilnmi r!nilitrl fn nroln
KU..CC Mid the traditions ot nurses and dice your public standing there ; misrep
o d women, which fall ill with their preju- rescntin(c entirely thc agency you under-
di'jes and humour those notions which
they have imbibed in their infancy.
Their infallible manner of judging of
the merit or demerit of a composition is
this : if they entertain a favorable opin
ion of the ideal author, no matter if the
piece would cast a blush on the cheek of
a tenant of Billingsgate, he is certain to
be awarded with the meed of praise ! But,
if they have formed prejudices unfavora
ble to the supposed author, (they cannot
in truth go farther than supposition,) they
condemn him and his piece together ;
when in Foio conscientix they are bound
by a secret monitor to confess their guilt,
in ghing such iniquitous decisions.
I have been often amused with the sen
timents of those extra-philosophers. They
are great judges of composition. They
could, piobubly, after great consideration,
tell the difference between an apple (col
oured) horse, and a horse apple ; and this
would he thought a hv pet criticism. Lord
1L imts and Dr. Bh.ir sink into insignifi
cance when compared with them ; but this
is rather a digression. I must now ap
proach !hd main question : How can re
lief be u Horded to an innocent neighbour,
who is ciiargcd a the author of nearly
every oiii inal communication (whether
good 01 bud) that appears in your paper ?
This question may be thought difficult to
answer, and it certainly is one of no or
As a remedy for the ovil, I would roere
Iv suggest the propriety of your adopting
i:.r plan of the Rev. Laurence Sterne, as
may be seen in his " Ftistram Shandy."
Me has left several blank leaves of p3pcr
i;. hi, bet)!;, which can be filled up with
t.uch stulf as rav please the fancy of the
:e-uier. According to this plan, your pa
per would otten appear with one blank
side, which could be filled up by the wise
acres with reasonings on the use of hobby
horses ; the Strusburger's nose might oc
cupy a small space ; Uncle Toby and thc
sie;e of Namur would fill a large blank,
when better materi tls were not at hand :
And when uncle Toby would lay by his
tobacco pipe, Corporal Trim might be in
'troduced. As I am . not fond of profane swearing,
nor have I much respect for Doctors :
(which is owing to an old story often told
by my grand-mother, about death and the
Doctors.) I think it prudent to have no;h
ing to do with Dr. Slop. His curses will
'.ani-.h in thc air, and his name will not be
Mentioned, except to express contempt
'ci of his cloth. And upon the
.his misfit be the best method to
,Yi;eacrcs, ;is their wisdom is
took forme in Maryland some years ago.
I regret thc more as thc first item I ever
had of such an interest was through you,
which information I found to be full and
correct, given without any intention on
your part to be employed ; but to apprize
me (in case I proved to be thc proper per
son) of a right whereof I was entirely ig
norant. The proposition to apply to you
to undertake thc agency as well as thc
terms, proceeded entirely from myself
after advising with my best friends, and
was sent you at a distance by mail. Your
attention to the business and liberality in
relinquishing to me a considerable part of
thc compensation I proffered you, arc
matters not to be forgotten by me. I
have already expressed my perfect satis
faction, and will be very happy to have it
in my power to silence any false rumours
respecting this business, or any other.
I am sincerely your friend,
To Mr. Israel Pickens,
P. S. It has been intimated that a Mr.
Wiley has been very active in circulating
reports relative to the business you done
for me in the north. I can only say that
Mr. Wiley is to me an entire stranger, a
man whom I have never seen, and what
ever he may have said was a fabrication
of his own, as I never had any communi
cation with him, and can venture to say,
with any other person on thc subject, from
which it cotdd be inferred that I was dis
satisfied with your conduct in my busi
ness. Writh esteem and respect,
"Thc very niht the Parliament passed thc
Stamp Act, in February, 1765, Br. Franklin, who
was then in London, wrote to Charles Thomp
son, afterwards Secretary to Congress " The
sun of liberty is set ; the -Imerieans must light the
lamfm rf industry and economy." To which Mr.
Thompson answered "lie assured -u-e shall light
torches of quite another soi't."
Uoltu's History of the American "War.
This venerable man and celebrated patriot is
still living in Pennsylvania, ag"ed between irinety
line of 2,000 troops, including artillery
and a party of marines, with four bands
drawn up bv the road side. As soon as
it passed, the troops followed to the place
of interment, and halted, occupying the
road winding along thc valley side, a
hove it, while thc procession descended
by a road made for the occasion, on foot ;
thc body was then borne by 21 grena
diers, from the several corps present, to
the grave, where it was deposited with
the Priest s blessing, in a chamber, with
in a Iarie stone vault. Thc chamber was
then closed with a large slab, and its edg
cs being filled in to thc sides of the vault,
the whole level surface was covered with
a liquid body of Roman cement. Thc
corpse was deposited under three dis
charges of 1 1 pieces of artillery, and the
minute guns of the Vigo, which were
heard in the intervals between thc dis
charges, moaning in the distance ; 25 were
fired. The vault has since been filled up
with stone, and a plain slab laid over it.
14 St. Helena, May, 14."
The following is thc Order of Napoleon's Fu
Napoleon Rertrand, son The priests in full
of the Marshal. robes.
Ur. Arnott,20th Begt. Bonaparte's Physician.
C THE BODY, ")
Grenadiers. In a car drawn bv Grenadiers.
C. four horses. J)
21 Grenadiers 12 on each side, to carry
the body down a steep hill, where
the car could not go.
Count C Bonaparte's Horse, led ) Marshal
Montholon ? by two servants. 5 Bertrand.
C Madam Bertrand and
-x Daughter, in an
C open vehicle.
Members of Council.
Co (Tin. Marq. de Montcheno.
The Admiral. The Governor.
C Lady Lowe and DaughO
- ter, in an open ve- Servants
C hiclc. 3
St. Helena Volunteers.
St. Helena Regiment.
St. Helena Artillery.
The body of Bonaparte inclosed in three ccf-
hns, oi mahoganv, lead and oak.
Extract of a private letter, dated
ST. HELENA, MAT 15.
" As every thing relating to so great a
man as Bonafiarte must be of extreme in
terest, I should tell you that after having
attended his funeral, I paid a visit to his
residence. I was shewn his wardrobe by
Marchand, his valet, and a more shabby
set-out I never beheld. Old coats, hats,
and pantaloons, that a midshipman on
shore would hardly condescend to wear.
But Marchand said it was quite an under
taking to make him put on any thing new,
and then after wearing it an hour, he
wo jld throw it off, and put on the old a
gain. " The last words Bonaparte uttered
were u icte arm'c. What their con
nexion was in his mind cannot be ascer
tained ; but they were distinctly heard a
bout 5 o'clock in thc morning of the day
" An officer's guard is appointed to
watch over his grave. "
Extract of a letter, dated
ST. II LEX A, 'AY 7.
" The body of Bonaparte, after his
death, was dressed in his green uniform,
with red facings, and all his stars and or
ders. " An immense numberof persons, both
yesterday and this morning, have been to
see him. It was one of thc most striking
spectacles at which I had ever the fortune
to be present. The view of his counte
nance, from which I felt it scarcely possi
ble, even for an instant to withdraw my
eyes, gave me a sensation I cannot de
scribe ; but the impression it made on me
will never be forgotten.
" He had for some time past fixed on a
particular spot, which is also, I under
stand, mentioned in his will, a short dis-
niciiMOND, aug. 22. Yesterday, Mr
Alexander Lithgow, late accountant of the
Farmer's Bank, was brought before the
mayor on a charge of embezzling three
exposing the cavity of the thorax, a tri- checks belonging to the said bank. Thc
fling adhesion of the left pleura was found cas excjted a very deep and general in
to the pleura costails. About three oun
ces of reddish fluid were contained in the
left cavity, and nearly eight ounces in the
right. The lungs were quite sound.
The pericardium was natural, and con
tained about an ounce of fluid. The
heart was of the natural size, but thick
ly covered with fat. The auricles and
ventricles exhibited nothing cxtraordina
ry, except that the muscular parts appear
ed rather paler than natural.
Upon opening the abdomen, the omen
turn was found remarkably fat, and on ex-
terest ; the court room ot the new court
house presented many anxious specta
tors. The mayor sat alone in the exam
ination. 1 he counsel tor tne prosecution
were Mr. Joseph H. Mayo, who acted a
commonwealth's attorney in the place ot
Mr. Upshur, who is absent, and Mr. Mer-
rit Robinson, who was retained as counsel
by the Bank. Thc counsel for the defen
dant were Messrs. Samuel Tavl
ander McRae, William Wickham, James
D. Riddle, and Allen McRae.
It is not our purpose to enter into thc
posing the stomach, that viscus was found mjnute details of this investigation. The
. case is vet uuueciucu ; aim 11 wouiu do
hesion connected thc whole superior sur- impr0per to lay the testimony in this stage
face, particularly about the pyloric ex- f thf h,K;nPee hoCnro. thr nnhlir. Tl
tremity in the concave surface of thc left
lobe of the liver ; and in separating these,
an ulcer, which penetrated the coats of
the stomach, was discovered one inch
from the pylorus, sufficient to allow the
passage of the little finger. 'I he internal
surface of the stomach to nearly its whole
extent, was a mass of cancerous disease
or schirous portion advancing to cancer;
this was particularly noticed near thc py
lorus. The cardiac extremity, for a small
space near thc termination of the oesoph
agus, was the only part appearing in a
healthy state. The stomach was found
nearly filled with a large quantity cf fluid,
resembling coffee grounds.
of the business before the public. Thc
facts which transpired, and the points
which may be made at the bar, will prob
ably hereafter appear in a more extended
form ; for the present, it is sufficient for
us to state that the witnesses examined
before the mayor were Messrs. McKcn
zie, and M. B. Mvers, the two enilemcn
now employed to settle up the books of
the Bank, Mr. Nevervis, the cashier, Mr
Crump, the late second accountant, and
three merchants, who were called in to?
show that they had respectively drawn at:
a certain time only one check for partic
ular sums, and yet it appeared from the
teller's books that checks of the same
amount appeared twice on the teller's
The convex surface of the left lobe of books as paidthus leadi to lhe infer.
thc liver adhered to the diaphragm.
With thc exception of the adhesion occa
sioncd by thc disease in the stomach, no
unhealthy appearance presented itself in
The remainder of the abdominal visce
ra were in a healthy state. .
ence that in those three instances it was
the same check which had been twice paid.
One check was lor S700 ; another for
300 ; a third was for between 2 and 3 hun
dred dDlIars and some odd cents.
There was much discussion upon points
of evidence, as it went on ; but when the
A slight peculiarity -in the formation of leslimonv was closed on the part of the
the left kidney was observed
Extract of a Letter from Plymouth, July 5.
By the Dromedary store ship, just arri
ved from St. Helena General Bonaparte
is stated to have been twice cupped pre
vious to his death. The 84th came home
in this vessel, and are on their way to
Woolwich, for the purpose of assisting in
the ceremonies of the coronation. l he
remains of thc regenerator of Europe are
to come to England, for the establishment
of thc fact of his death.
prosecution, (the defendant declining to
produce any,) the question was submitted
without arguments to the mayor. The
mayor decided to send on the accused be
fore an examining court. The counsel
for the defendant then moved to allow
him to give bail which the mayor read
ily yielded, and fixed the amount of bail
at S4500. Mr. Lithgow gave the bail re
quired and he wa3 set at liberty.
lhe examining court is fixed for this
The following is the section of thc new
act, under which he is charged :
Sec. 2. That if any officer of public
trust in this commonwealth, or any offi
cer, or director of any bank, chartered by
ra0frOn'fcsfwo; sh1 embezzle or
have been politely furnished by an officer v ngly suffer any other person or per-
r it -t h r.,;.,t T n n.irh. 3Ul13 luul,uc"lc Ul uauuenuy convert to
esse delJerri, with the following state- ''" 'heise, any sum of money, bank
: ' r n, "cte bill, check, bond, or other security,
II1L1H I CS )l Llllli; lilt; mulltv-uvJ mw ... , , - .
TM,J?L nrto. nhtain-rl or facility, placed under his care or man-
r ' i Lui -'a Mnnlnlnn. Ugemcnt, by virtue of his office or place
r. tri. n i au nrl Vr aforesaul t,,e person so offending, his aid-
' I rc n rvflrf r v c f r immr nlfMn ,
the correctness of w hich he pledges his 7 , ui Uli
, viction thereof, shall be adjudged guilty
UUllOl . I r r-1 It Ji ; r-
"Hnfling himself very ill, Napoleon! u,- - :, tL.-
. . . . - . 1- il 1111.1IL All Llil. IIUU1IL. IlIII illlll I lnl I i I I II 1:1 IV
sent for his fhvsicians, who miormeu , r j " -'J
him that he could not survive more than
48 hours. He (N.) immediately reques
ted Gen. Bertrand to assist him in writing
his will, which occupied them about fif
teen hours, when Napoleon sealed it up,
and delivered it to Gen. Bertrand, with
an iniunction that he should not permit it
to be opened except in the presence ot
the Commissioners of the different Sove
reigns of Enrcfic.
nouse ior a term not less man o years, nor
more than 10 years.
cumstance, that thc same Commander in Chief! !ane lrom Lo"Kwood, for his burial place,
and the same Secretary of Congress, remained I n. tllC CVC.0t f. Jetcrnr.ine.1 that
Wtheberinmn ShUld b dePcd at St.
u Bonaparte was perfectly aware of the
nature of his complaint, and frequently
?t't i f f v f list.-- r l- 4 L. 1 . . .
its conclusion. They s.rc r.o.- all gone down to
the 1,-rave, excepting- Jjhn 2t!a:r.s, Charles Car
roll, Thomas Jejfcrszn,
Mr. Jefferson is thc youngest cf the four.
and Charles Thompson.
described it to those about him, but was
never able to convince his surireons that
the revolutions of other countries how many are j he had a just notion of it. In the early
the changes of all iu leaders and officers : In i statrc of the disease which is :i lnno- timo
Ajnerica how few ! An evidence of fixed prin
ciples ar.J stable characters. iVf. Pat.
ago, he commenced a statement of it,
with his different sensations at different
The English papers arc already specu
lating on the political effect which the
death of Napoleon may have on the affairs
of France. It is hinted that it may bring
into activity the pretensions of young Na
poleon to thc throne, in which he will be
supported by Austria, and thus lessen the
inlluence of Great Britain in continental
affairs. It will be recollected, that when
the allied sovereigns were assembled in
Congress, immediately after the impris
onment of Napoleon, a protest was given
in by the Empress Maria Louisa, in which
she contended that her son was the only
legitimate heir to the crown of France, in
right of his father, and that the Bourbons
had been excluded, not only by their oun
act and deed, but by a majority of the na
tion, who had invested Napoleon with the
sovereign power. Whether this claim
will be revived at the present moment, it
is, perhaps, difficult to say. Austiia may
think it prudent to wait the decease of thc
French King before moving in the busi
ness. But when the principles of that
government and its insatiate desire for an
extension of territory are considered, it
does appear to us that the measure resor-
NEW-YORK, AUG. 21.
Bank Robbery. E. W. Milligan, a book
keeper in the Pi cenix Bank of this city,
and acting as second or receiving teller,
absconded on Saturday last, after the bank
had closed, and took with him about 70,000
dollars, being the deposits of that tfay.
About 30,000 dollars of this sum was in
post notes and drafts upon other banks ot
this city, which are not negotiable, and it
is presumed can be of no use to iMilligan.
Officers have been dispatched in every di
rection in pursuit of him, and it is hoped
he may be overtaken and brought to ius
ticc. The bank, it will be seen by arTad
vertisement in this paper, have offered a
reward of two thousand dollars for his ap
prehension and the reccvery of the prop
erty. The whole community is interest
ed, and will no doubt lid in bringing to
punishment a man who has thus bet raved
the confidence that was placed in him.'
august 22. We ae happy to state
that the Phcenix Bank fn this city has re
covered 56,000 dollarsof the money sto
len by E. YT. Milligan n Saturday, which
was found secreted in the stationary draw
er. From the efficiert measures adopted
on the instant of discvery, there can be
little doubt of his apprehension.
There is now redding ip-StaifriMj,'
man by the name of NTxian, who is at pre
sent married to his.wenty-sixth wife, and
has, by the whole, 3 children, and is 105
years of age, andjis present wife is now