SAlASTVUWi, X. C. tIE8MX, JVOYEittiyER 20, 1831.
r.HTED AWt PCPtlSKED, F.VEIir TCESDAT,
Br BINGHAM Sc WHITE.
TF. It MS :
1 ne subscription to the Westerx Cauoliiax
s T.rcc Dtllars per annum, payable half-yearly
(Xj No paper will he discontinued until all
arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing- to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
year, will be considered as wishing to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth
AnvEitTTSEMEXTS will be inserted on the cus
tomary terms. Persons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
wish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by some person
in this town, or its vicinity.
CjAll letters to the editors must be post-paid,
or they will not be attended to.
rilIIE subscriber is now opening, at his Store
J. in Salisbury, a g-eneral and well selected
.Yust received direct from New-York and Phila
delphia, and laid in at prices that will enable him
to sell remarkably low. His customers, and the
public, are respectfully invited to call and ex
amine for themselves. All kinds of Country
Produce received in exchange.
flIlE subscriber respectfully informs the citi-tt-
zens of the Western section of N. Carolina
and the adjoining districts cf S. Carolina, that he
has established the Hook-Binding Business, in all
of its various branches, in the town of Salisbury,
N. C. He has taken the store formerly occupied
by Wood & Krider, on Main-street, three doors
north of the Court-House.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
a competent knowledge of his business, in the
city of Baltimore, the subscriber flatters himself
that he will be able to execute every kind of
work in his line, in a style and on terms that will
give g-eneral satisfaction.
Merchants and others, can have Blank Hooks
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
as cheap and as well finished as any that can be
brought from the North.
Old Books rebound on the most reasonable
terms, and at short notice.
Orders from a distance, for Binding- of every
description, will be faithfully attended to.
WILLIAM II. YOUNG.
Salisbury, June 8, 1821. 53
2Cev Stage to TValelgli.
FTpiIIE subscriber, who is
JL contractor tor carryincr
worn the IT. States Mail hetween '
Raleigh and Salisbury, by
way of Randolph, Chatham, &c. respectfully in- ;
forms the public, that he has fitted up an entire
NEW STAGE; which, added to other improve
ments that have been made, will enable him to
carry PASSENGERS with as much comfort and
expedition as they can be carried by any line of
stages in this part of the country. The scarcity
of money, the reduction in the price of produce
Zee. demand a correspondent reduction in every
TTTlT-t rront nf lTa . TKoTofnT-n flin cnKcPvitl
?n rlptormlno,! t hn Uf r n.1Cc,
from eight to six cents per mile. Gentlemen
travelling- from the West to Raleigh, or by way
of Raleigh to the North, are invited to try the
subscriber's Stage, as he feels assured it only
needs a trial to guin a preference.
The Stage arrives in Salisbury every Tuesday,
3 or 9 o clock, and departs thence for Raleigh
o., .1.,., o . r.:,-o ; i?t.:, i
i iiv. rui iii. vi.i v iiv m u v iu'- rv 9 iu am . .i in i .tii ill 1 1 I
m t mat v, v uiifj arm j v i . viivi v n jlui
on Saturday at 2 o'clock.
Jhj22, 1821. 50
Yltty Hollars llewartl.
T AN av.-av fi-om the subscriber, at Charlotte,
Ja V Mecklenburg county, N. Carolina, a Negro
Boy by the name of SIMON; dark complexion,
stout made, and five feet seven or eight inches
h;gh. He speaks low when spoken to. It is
s'ipposcd that he will make towards the county !
. A. ... T -it i ,
Ill 111UL t'.JUIll. . A Will jlC lilt iAUWU 1 Cniini II
the said negro is doTr- er-'d to Isaac JVilie, Con
c h1, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollars if secured in
any fail, and information g-iven, so that I get him
aain. EVAN W1LIE.
T!e P.dlto'-s of t!e Richmond Enquirer are
requested to insert the above advertisement six
weeks and end th;r account to the office of
t'ie Western Carolinian for payment.
T"?V the children of John Cunningham, dc
X ceased, who departed this life in Creenville
I"srr.ct, S. C. whose wife was named Jane.
'5 'heir youngest daughter, Jane Cunningham, is
r. nv residing- in Moomfield, Nelson county, Ken.
and is desirous of obtaining any information that
will open a correspondence between the widow
of said Cunningham, or John, James and George,
children of the aforesaid John and Jane Cun
ningham. The said Jane was bound or put un
dcrthe care of Mrs. Armstrong, of South-Carolina,
who removed to Kentucky and brought the
suid Jane with her. Any information relating to
thin will be thankfully received, by
rry Editors of newspapers in Washington City,
North and South-Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and
Tennessee, will confer a particular obligation on
an orphan child, by giving- the above two or
three insertions in their respective papers.
9,0ft "Dollars Hewair&.
T AN away from the subscribers, five Ncgi
m men, viz. I'aris, Jacob, Charles, .Moses, and
Cain. Paris left his owner the 10th ot July last ;
he is full six feet high, yellow complexion, large
white eyes, stutters a little w hen spoken to, about
thirty years of age, has a scar over one of his
eyes, and is a stout fellow. Jacob is a;out 45 or
5J years ot ac, middle size, gray headed,
pleasing countenance, stoops in his shoulders,
lias a black, smooth skin, with a yellow cast, is
a shoemaker and fuller, and can read and write.
Charles is about 25 or 30 years of age, five feet
9 or 10 inches hign, very black, stutters when
spoken to, has a piece out of one side of his nose,
is uncommonly fond of spirits, and when intoxi
cated is very forward and saucy, is remarkably
well made, and very straight. Moses is about
35 years of age, about five feet 8 inches high,
yellow complexion, bushy head and whiskers, a
scar on his upper hp, and a clown look. Cam is
about 40 years of age, very black, a likely fel
low, when he smiles the gums inside arc black.
is a shoemaker, and can read. The four last
named negroes left their owners about the 1 6th
instant. All ot them abscomku without the
least provocation ; which induces us to think
they will make their way to the North. The
above reward will be given, if , taken out of the
state or S for cither of them, if secured so
that we get them again ; 10J dollars if taken in
the state, or 20 dollars fi r cither, so that we get
them again. It is fondly hoped that every good
citizen will use his best endeavors to apprehend
the above negroes, and thereby aid in suppressing-
one of the greatest evils that our land is
threatened with. Letters on the subject direc
ted to Daniel Calient, White Hall post-ofHc-,
Mecklenburg county, N. C. will he duly attended
WM. B. TAYLOR,
JAMES TH SKINS,
DANE. (.ALLEN T,
October 19. 1821.
Swan Tavern i"ov Sale.
Jexingfon, Ita-can Co. C.
October 15, 1821.
I WILL sell the Swan Tavern, in this place,
and three -fourths of the square on which it
stands 21 G poles. It is a commodious, conven
ient house, for an ordinary or private dwelling ;
has comfortable out-houses, good garden, and
fruit trees. Twelve hundred anil fifty dollars
one-fourth down, balance, one, two and three
years, with interest, (if indulgence is reouired,)
will procure a fee sinjpie and possession of this
valuable prooertv in January next.
72 " EENJ. D. "liOUNSAVILLE.
A IVunaway egvo
"V"W7"AS taken up and committed to the jail in
T T Lincolnton, N. C. on the 12th of October,
1821. He is about "i.)yars of age, five feet five
and a quarter inche high, is a mulatto, says his
name is Hampton, and that he belongs to Solomon
Locket, of Warren county, state of tieorgia. The
owner is requested to come fiwaru, agreeably
to act of Assemblv, and receive him.
JOHN ZI M M Eli M AN, Jailor.
Oct. 27, 1821. Swt'6
ibcriber wishes to employ
rrir!E subscriber wishes to employ, immcdi-
ately, two or three Joumej-nien Carpenters,
to whom frnol w.TP-ri and constant emnlov will
i. : 1 ir .. .:m i.,..,.4l...w.
1 Ue U I Vtll. lie I 1 1 UI'C UIM. UHI HI till tt
r, as apprentices to me carpen-
None need apply but sucli as
arc sober and industrious.
SaUsbrrry, October 3, 1821. 69tf
State ot XorWi-tiarollna,
A 1 nCSSlOnS,
1821 : Walter Farns and
ii. wife, Mary Rcatv, and Jordan Williamson,
in risrlit ot David V. vv ilson, arrainst amuei
Wilson ami others heirs at law of John Wilson,
deceased Petition for partition of real estate.
it appearing to the court that Samuel Wilson,
one of the defendants in this case, is not an in
habitant of this state, it is therefore Ordered,
that publication be made six t eks in the Western
Carolinian, mat tnc defendant appear at our next
court to be held tor the county of Mccl?
ty ot Mecklenburg,
at the Court-House in Charlotte, on the fourth
Monday in November next, then and there to
answer or demur to said petition, otherwise
judgment pro confesso will be entered ag-ainst
Test: ISAAC ALEXANDER, C. .V. C.
VTIE issued for publishing, by subscription, a
periodical work, to be entitled ' Selections
: r. ji. it rr.. ..... r t. ' tu ?
commonly called .Moravian Church.
commencement of the year 1S19, a periodical
work, authorised by the German Synod of the
United Urethren's Church, has been published
in Germany, comprising biography, missionary
intelligence, and ether interesting matter, se
lected from manuscript accounts, together with
occasional gleanings from the early history oi
that church. It is now proposed to translate into
the English language, and to publish in this
country, under the auspices of the Conference
for Pennsylvania and the adjacent states, a select
portion of the aforesaid work, under the above
title ; and to insert, occasionally, such other
recent and interesting matter as may come to
hand, in manuscript accounts or private letters,
relative to the United Brethren's Church and
Missions, particularly in this country.
The members and friends of our little Zion,
and those who are interested in the g-encral
cause of the Gospel, are affectionately solicited
to aid the undertaking- by their patronage.
The work is to appear in quarterly numbers
of 48 pages, making- a volume of four numbers
everyr year ; the annual subscription to be one
dollar, payable on the delivery of the first num
ber ; and the publication to commence as soon
as a sufficient number of subscribers has been
obtained to justify the undertaking1.
Subscriptions will be thankfully recti ved by
the Uev'd. Jacob Van Vleck, at Salem, Stokes
county, N. C. and also by the United Brethren's
minisers throughout the United States.
.Vox. 5, 1S21. 74
To Guar Alans.
THE Act of the General Assembly of 1820,
chapter V. requires Guardians, heretofore
appointed, to renew their bonds at the first
County Court which shall happen after the first
day of January, 1822, and every three years
thereafter; and in case of non-compliance with
the requisitions of said act, the Clerks of the
several County Courts are required to issue a
process against all delinquents.
I, John Thavis, Clerk of the Court of Pleas
and Quarter Sessions of Cabarrus county, do
hereby give notice to all whom it may concern,
that a strict compliance with the said Act of
Assembly will be required in every instance.
JOHN TRAVIS, Clerk.
November 3d, 1821. 3vt77
House ot Yintervalmuewt,
i i 4 T the sign of the Eagle and Harp,
f '"M west corner cf Hro-ul and King
l?lR, streets, and one door north of the Court
House, CAMDEN, South-Carolina.
a. :. veuoei,
Having-recently established himself in the above
line, in that elegant house formerly occupied by
Col. F. A. Deliesscline, respectfully solicits a
share of public patronage. The house is ele
gantly situated, large, airy and commodious, fit
ted for the immediate reception of families and
travellers who wish to be retired, particularly
for families travelling for their health. His
House, liar and Stables, are always well sup
plied with the necessary comforts and refresh
ments for man and horse.
Camden, July 26, 1821. Gwt77
rfflHE subscriber respectfully informs
M.. the citizens of Salisbury and the
adjacent country, that he has removed
from his late residence on the north side of the
Yadkin river, on the main road leading from
Salem to Danville, 15 miles from Salisbury,, and
has taken the house formerly occupied by Capt.
,a. Kruler, m town, on Main street, a tew doors
north of the Court-House ; where he is prepared
to keep a House of Private Entertainment for
l rave Hers and citizens. He will at all times
furnish Stabling-, Fodder and Grain for Horses.
Salisbury, Sept. 25, 1821. 78
N. 15. Eight or ten HOARDERS will be taken,
at the customary prices in town.
eadenv at lAeonon.
FT HIS institution will open on Monday, the
JL 29th 5nst. under the direction of Miss Ji ir-
bara (S. Jtryden, late of New-York. In this
institution will be tausrht Readinir. Wrltinrr.
Arithmetic, Grammar, Geography, with the use
of the Globes, projection of Maps History, Rhet
oric, Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, French,
Drawing, Embroider', and Painting- on Velvet
according- to the present improved method.
From the healthiness of the village and vicin
ity, and the acknowledged abilities ot'the teacher,
the trustees expect a liberal share of public
JOSEPH E. PELL, Sec'ry.
JJncolnton,J". C. Oct. 22,1821.
Valuable Ijanvls tor Sale.
"t7"ILL be sold, on the 21st of December next,
T T the Plantation and Lands of the late Wm.
L. Alexander, lying on Rocky River, in the
county of Cabarrus, containing- about one thou-
sanu acres. i ins lanci is . wen watereu, in a
healthy situation, and, in point of fertility, is not
excelled by any land in the western part of the
state. Upon the premises is a large and con
venient Dwelling-House, two stories high ; and
about two hundred acres of cleared land, now in
cultivation. The sale will take place at the
dwelling-house, upon a credit of 1 year, 18
months, and 2 years the purchaser entering
into bonds, with approved security.
A. HENDERSON, Executor.
Oct. 27, 1821. 5wt78
Strayed or Stolen,
the Camp Meeting at Hawficlds Meeting-house,
on Saturday night, the 14th inst.
a sorrel MAKE, mane and tail of a light color,
about five feet two inches high, five years old
last spring-, a white spot in her forehead about
the size of a dollar, had on a plated bit snafile
bridle and martingale, a saddle with plated stir
rup irons, behind which Mas tied a light drab
colored great coat, with a large cape, lined with
green baize. A store was broken open about
ten miles trom the meeting house on Saturday
evening', and a person bv the name of John I
Moore is missing and is supposed to have taken I
the mare. He is about 5 feet 10 or 11 inches
hiidi, of rather a dark complexion, a large head
of hair, vcrv black, larire whiskers, and a rinsr
worm all round his fice, with dark eyes ; had
on, when he left here, very ragged clothing-;
and took with him a pair of cassimere panta
loons of a gray color, large le-s, and two coats,
one a mixt cloth, tolerably well worn, and the
other a blue bombazette, long-tailed coat, half
worn. No other clothing recollected. A liberal
reward will be given to any person who will
deliver the said mare to the subscriber, or give
information so that she may be obtained.
5 miles east of Ilillsboro.
Orange County, Oct. 19. ou t 76
RUTIIEUFORDTON, N. C.
Sept. 15, 1821. 5
STOLEN from my plantation in Rutherford
county, on the 30th of last month, a negro
boy named JACOR, belonging to the estate o.
James Rutherford, deceased. He is a chunky,
well set boy, about 17 years of age, pretty black,
about five feet eight inches high, walks a little
awkward, his right eye turns a little up and to
the right, his hip is pretty much projected, he
bends forward in the back, and has a scar on one
of his legs, caused by the cut of an axe.
Fifty dollars reward will be given if said negro
is lodged in any j-.dl in this state, o that the
subscriber can get him. A handsome reward
will be given for the apprehension of the person
who committed the theft. 4vt"7
MAJOR ROSS ALEXANDER.
Writs YunvYUioiYi Aykoucis,
Tor sale at this OfUce.
Hail! first of Arts, source of domestic ease;
Pride of the land, and patron cf the seas.
TROM JlEF.s's EXCTCI-OP.-EniA.
LIGHT IN AGRICULTURE AND GARDEN
Experience has shewn its infinite
service in the growth of vegetables,
contributing exceedingly to facilitate
their vegetation, and increase tneir per
lection and duration ; as it is obvious
most plants are considerably more
prosperous, and attain their perfection
in a free exposure, fully open to the
light and air, than in shady places :
the siirne is observed of fruits. Those
growing in a situation full to the light
of the sun, are in general more large
and fair, ripening sooner, and more
perfectly as to beauty and richness of
flavour, tnan such as grow in the shade ;
these reasons should therefore deter
mine us to cultivate most of the prin
cipal plants and fruits in situations o
pen as much as possible to the full
light and influence of the sun ; though
upon particular occasions and in the
heat of summer, shady places may be
necessary for some sorts of plants,
though not where shaded and darken
ed by spreading trees, vkc. but a bor
der open above to the full light, and
only shaded from the immediate rays
of the sun. For the general crops, a
perfectly open, sunny, light situation,
free from the shade of spreading trees,
is always the most proper.
And its utility is very evident, from
plants growing in garden frames, green
houses, &t in winter ; when, in time
of severe weather, covers or shutters
have been continued long over the
glasses, so as to exclude the rays of the
light, they become sickly, grow pale,
and assume an unhealthy appearance
for a long time ; the leaves often de
caying or dropping off ; and frequent
ly, when the covers are continued very
long without the admission of light,
the whole plant in many sorts gradual
ly dwindles and perishes. Great at
tention is of course requisite in this
case, when, from the severity of the
weather, the use of other covers be
sides the glasses is necessary, to take
every opportunity of a favorable day
ot even an hour or two of a day to ad
mit the light as fully as possible. The
same is also the case with plants in ear
ly hot beds, such as Cucumbers, Mel
ons, s?c. which, early in the year, re
quire a covering of mats over the
glasses every night ; as when these ad
ditional covers are applied too soon in
the afternoon, and continued late in the
morning, so as to keep the plants long
in darkness, it is highly disadvanta
geous to their growth, causing them to
grew weak, pale and sickly.
As light is therefore so beneficial to
plants in general, it should be encreas-
r , 1 or
irames, green ftquses, stoves, &C. In
these situations it mav be useful to
paint the inside cf all such departments
ivhite, to rejlect the rays oj light as
much as possible and particularly in the
night and in the day time when the
severity requires covers cr shutters to
be placed over the glasses or other con
veniences where plants are kept.
The author of Phytologia remarks,
that the contest for light as well as for
air, which is so visible in the growth
of vegetables, shews the former to be
of great consequence to their existence,
as well as the latter. Thus many
flowers follow the sun during the course
of the day by the nutation of the stalks,
not by the rotation of them, as observ
ed in the Sun flower by Doctor Hales ;
and the leaves of all plants endeavour
to turn their upper surface to the liht
which is their respiratory organs or
lungs. The great use of nlf plants
turning the upper surfaces of their
leaves to the light is thus he thinks in-
elligible; the water perspired from
those surfaces is, he conceives, hyper
oxygenated, and as it escapes from the
sharp edges of the mouths of the pers
piring vessels, when acted upon by the
S'-m's light, gives out oxygen, which ox
vgen thus liberated from the perspired
wafer and added to that of the com
mon atmosphere, presents to the respi
ratory termination of the pulmorary
arteries on the upper surfaces of leaves,
an atmosphere more replete with vital
air. This necessity of light to the
respiration of vegetables is so great,
that there is reason to believe that ma
ny plants do not respire during the
night, but exist in a torpid state like
the water sleeping insects. Thus the
Mimosa, Sensitive plant, and many
others, close the upper surfaces ot their
opposite leaves together during the
night and thus preclude them both
from the air and light, and the internal
surfaces of innumerable flowers, which
are their respiratory organs, are closed
during the night and thus unexposed
both to light and air.
It is however observed that the fun-
gz which are teimed vegetables be
cause they are fixed to the earth or to
the stones, trees or timber, where they
are found, can exist without light or
much air ; as appears in the trufne,
which never appears above ground,
and by other fungi which grow in dark
cellars ; and in esculent mushrooms,
which are cultivated beneath beds of
straw. 1 he etihtion or blanchincr ot
vegetables depends upon the keepirjr
of the light from them.
It is further noticed that the element
of light as well as that of heat, is ne
cessary to vegetation. In this climate
they both seem, in general, to be inju
rious only by their defect, and seldom
by excess. But as light acts as a sti??i-
ulus on the more irritative or sensitive
parts of plants, which appears by the
expansion of manyflowers and of some
leaves when the sun shines on them ;
and bv the nutation of the whole, as
of the Sun flower (helinnthus) and by
the bending ot the summits of all plants
confined in houses towards the light;
there may be diseases owing to the ex
cess of this stimulus which have not
been attended to ; to prevent which the
flowers of tragopogin salsafi, and of
other plants, close about noon. Other
unobserved diseases may be owing to
a defect of the stimulus of light, as a
mimosa sensitive plant, which had been
confined in a dark room, did not open
its foliage, though late in the day, till
many minutes after it was exposed to
the light. The excess of light has not,
however, been observed to be attended
by vegetable diseases in these more
northern latitudes so much as in others.
ACTIONS OF SLANDER.
Some of our slandered females seem
to have found, of late, a remedy for that
not uncommon malady, male tattling, co
quetry, or defamation. It is appealing to
he pockets of those who have no other
sensorium ; whose sensibility is graduated
by dollars and cents, and who play with
reputations with the same unfeeling indif
ference with which they twirl their watch
keys. We need not add that history re
ports, that in ancient times there was a
certain " areopagus of ihe tea-tabicyni where
priestesses as well as priests were found,
prepared to minister at the altar of ca
lumny. It has of late become the fashion, (and
we arc glad of it,) to appeal to the taivy
from the decision of these Sciools Jbr
Scandal ; and the law has afforded, in re
cent instances, honorable redress. We
observe in a case tried at L,avrenceburg,
a young lady recovered g 10,000, and sev
eral similar recent verdicts have been ob
tained ; which we really hope may prove
not only in the legal, but in the ordinsry
" Poor is the ruftian victor of the Held,
"When tortur'd feelings melt the femat.e eye,
When wounded tenderness, compelled to yield.
Leads the barbarian's triumph -rith a sigh.'
Imperial Liberality and Science.
Lady IWorgan, in her Italy, men
tions on the authority of the Deputies
from Genoa, that the following answer
was giver them at Paris by the Empe
ror of Austria, when they applied for
Emperor. l You know, gentlemen,
that my victorious arms, having con
quered Italy, there cannot be any ques
tion of constitution or independence."
Remembering, however, his II?jes
iys promise of a Constitution, the Dep
uties were not so easily put off, and
they became more importunate on the